Пособие unit 1


UNIT ONE.
TOPIC: RELATIONSHIP. MEN AND WOMEN. FRIENDS.
GRAMMAR: REVISION OF TENSES.
I.
SPEECH PATTERNS
1. And what I don’t know about pearls isn’t worth knowing.
This book is worth reading.
These pictures are worth seeing.
Why didn’t you learn this? This topic is worth learning.
2. Let me look at the chain.
Let me ask you a few questions.
Let me help you to carry things.
Let me tell you a joke.
3. He was about to speak.
I was about to make a telephone call, but suddenly I heard a doorbell.
They were about to visit the museum but suddenly they heard the announcement.
He was about to marry her but then he suddenly changed his mind.
Exercise 1. Translate the above speech patterns from English into Russian.
Exercise 2. Make up your own sentences using speech patterns.
Exercise 3. Translate the sentences into English using speech patterns.
Виндзорский Дворец стоит посетить во время вашей поездки в Лондон.
Комедию про Фантомаса стоит посмотреть.
Этого не стоит делать.
Дайте мне знать, когда вы будете готовы.
Разрешите мне помочь вам.
Дайте мне знать о вашем решение.
Позвольте мне взглянуть на ваше кольцо.
Я собиралась пригласить ее на вечеринку, но вдруг я понял, что этого не стоит делать.
Мама собиралась испечь пирог, но вдруг отключили ( cut off) электричество.
Я собиралась полить цветы в саду, но неожиданно пошел дождь.
Text: Mr.Know-All
After W.S. Maugham
Mr.Kelada was chatty. He talked of New York and of San Francisco. He discussed plays, pictures, and politics. He was patriotic. I did not like Mr.Kelada. He was everywhere and always. He was certainly the best-hated man on the ship. We called him Mr Know-All to his face and he took it as a compliment. He knew everything better than anybody else and it never came into his head that he could be mistaken.
There were four of us at table. A man called Ramsay who was as dogmatic as Mr Kelada, his wife and I myself.
Ramsay was in the American Consular Service and now he was on his way back to Japan. In New York he took his wife who had been spending a year at home. Mrs.Ramsay was a very pretty little thing, with pleasant manners and a sense of humor. The Consular Service is ill paid, and she was dressed always very simply; but she knew how to wear her clothes.
One evening while sitting at dinner we started speaking about pearls. There had been in the papers a good deal of talk about the cultured pearls which the Japanese were making, and the doctor remarked that they must inevitably diminish the value of real ones. They were very good already; they would soon be perfect. Mr.Kelada, as was his habit, rushed the new topic. He told us all that was to be known about pearls. I do not believe Ramsay knew anything about them at all, but he could not resist the opportunity to have a fling at the Levantine, and in five minutes we were in the middle of a heated argument. At last something that Ramsay said made Mr Kaleda so angry that he shouted.
"Well, I know what I am talking about, I'm going to Japan just to look into this Japanese pearl business. I'm in the trade. I know all the best pearls in the world, and what I don't know about pearls isn't worth knowing."
That was news for us, for* Mr.Kelada had never told anyone what his business was. We only knew that he was going to Japan on some business. He looked around the table triumphantly.
"They'll never be able to get a cultured pearl that an expert like me can't tell with half an eye." He pointed to a chain that Mrs.Ramsay wore. "You take my word for it, Mrs.Ramsay, that chain you're wearing will never be worth a cent less than it is now."
"That's a pretty chain of Mrs.Ramsay's, isn't it?"
"I noticed it at once," answered Mr.Kelada.
"I didn't buy it myself, of course. I'd be interested to know how much you think it cost."
"Oh, in the trade somewhere round fifteen thousand dollars. Bur if it was bought on Fifth Avenue I shouldn't be surprised to hear that thirty thousand was paid for it."
Ramsay smiled.
"You'll be surprised to hear that Mrs.Ramsay bought that string at the department store the day before we left New York, for eighteen dollars."
Mr.Kelada rushed.
"Rot. It's not only real, but it's as fine a string for its size as I've ever seen."
"Will you bet on it? I'll bet you a hundred dollars it's imitation."
"Done."
"Let me look at the chain, and if it's imitation I'll tell you quickly enough. I can afford to lose a hundred dollars," said Mr.Kelada.
"Take it off, dear. Let the gentleman look at it as much as he wants."
Mrs.Ramsay hesitated a moment.
"I can't undo it," she said.
Ramsay jumped up.
"I'll undo it."
He handed the chain to Mr.Kelada. The Levantine took a magnifying glass from his pocket and closely examined it. A smile of triumph spread over his face. He handed back the chain. He was about to speak. Suddenly he caught sight of Mrs.Ramsay's face. It was so white that she looked as though she were about to faint. She was staring at him with wide and terrified eyes. It was so clear that I wondered why her husband did not see it.
Mr.Kelada stopped with his mouth open. You could almost see the effort he was making over himself.
"I was mistaken," he said. "It's very good imitation, but of course as soon as I looked through my glass I saw that it wasn't real."
He took out his pocketbook and from it a hundred dollar note. He handed it to Ramsay without a word.
"Perhaps that'll teach you not to be so cocksure another time, my young friend," said Ramsay as he took the note.
I noticed that Mr.Kelada's hands were trembling.
The story spread over the ship. It was a fine joke that Mr.Know-All had been caught out.
Next morning I got up and began to shave. Mr.Kelada lay on his bed smoking a cigarette. Suddenly there was a sound and I saw a letter pushed under the door. I opened the door and looked out. There was nobody there. I picked up the letter and saw it was addressed to Max Kelada. The name was written in block letters. I handed it to him.
Who's this from?" He opened it. "Oh!"
He took out of the envelope, not a letter, but a hundred-dollar note.
"Were the pearls real?" I asked.
"If I had a pretty little wife I shouldn't let her spend a year in New York while I stayed at Kobe," said he.
At that moment I did not entirely dislike Mr.Kelada. He reached out for his pocketbook and carefully put in it the hundred-dollar note.
 
*for после запятой переводится как так как.
Vocabulary.
chat v. беседа, дружеский разговор; to have a chat вести беседу
chatterbox n. болтушка, болтун
chatty adj. болтливый; chatty letter забавные письма о пустиках.
ship n. корабль; a cruise ship экскурсионное судно; a merchant ship торговое судно; on board the ship/on the ship на борту/на корабле; to take ship сесть на корабль; by ship (плыть) на корабле; ships that pass in the night мимолетные, случайные встречи; when my ship comes home когда счастье мне улыбнется
ship v. садиться на корабль, перевозить (груз); ship out отправлять морем.
sense n. чувсто, ощущение; common sense здравый смысл; to talk sense говорить по существу; sense of humor/duty чувство юмора/долга; to make sense иметь смысл; it makes no sense в этом нет смысла; there is no sense in (doing) something бесполезно; five senses пять чувст.
pearl n. жемчуг; a pearl necklace жемчужное ожирелье; a string of pearls нитка жемчуга; cultured pearl искусственно выращенный жемчуг.
resist v. сопротивляться, противостоять; to resist something сопротивляться чему-либо; resist the temptation удержаться от соблазна.
resistance n. сопротивление, противодействие; resistance to change сопротивяться изменениям.
point v. показывать, указывать; to point to/at указывать на кого-либо; to point at направлять (оружие) на кого-либо.
trade n. торговля; to be in trade торговать, заниматься торговлей; foreign trade внешнеэкономическая деятельность; trade name название фирмы; trade mark торговая марка; trade price оптовая цена, фабричная цена; trade-in товарообменный зачет, сдавать старую вещь в счет покупки новой; WTO (World Trade Organization) Всемирная Торговая Организация.
undo v. (undid, undone) расстегивать, развязывать, открывать; to undo one’s jacket/shirt расстегнуть жакет/рубашку.
pick v. подбирать, выбирать, сортировать; to pick the team for a match выбрать команду для матча; to pick words подбирать слова; to pick courses from a list выбрать курсы(дисциплины) из списка; newly/freshly picked свежесобранные, свежесорванные; to pick up поднимать; забирать что-либо; to pick up an accent подцепить акцент; to pick somebody up заехать за кем-то.
put v. (put,put) класть, ставить; to put a child to bed уложить ребенка спать; to put in order приводить в порядок; to put into operation вводить в действии; to put into practice реализовывать, воплотить в жизнь; I don’t know how to put it я не знаю, как это сказать; to put aside откладывать (в сторону); to put away убирать; to put back ставить на место; to put forward выдвигать, предлагать; to put in вставлять; to put on надевать; to put off откладывать; to put an end to something положить конец чему-либо.
Word Combinations and Phrases.
to look into исследовать, изучать
to look around оглядеться, осмотреться
to look out выглянуть
to be cocksure быть самоуверенным
to catch sight of увидеть, заметить.
to come into one’s head прийти в голову
Exercise 4. Answer the following questions about the text.
Why was Mr.Kelada the best-hated man on the ship?
How was Mr. Kelada callled and why?
How can you descride Mrs. Ramsay?
What can you say about Mr. Ramsay?
What heated argument did Mr. Kelada and Mr. Ramsay have?
What did Mr. Kelada know about pearls? Was he an expert in pearls?
What did Mr. Kelada say about Mrs. Ramsay's pearl necklace?
What did Mr. Ramsay and Mr. Kelada bet on?
Why was Mrs. Ramsay's face white?
What effort was Mr. Kelada making over himself?
What did Mr. Kelada say about pearls?
Do you think the pearls were real? Prove your point of view.
What letter did Mr. Kelada receive? Who was it from?
Why didn't Mr. Kelada tell the truth about pearls?
How does Mr. Kelade's deed (поступок) characterize him?

Exercise 5. Copy out from Text One the sentences containing the word combinations and phrases given above and translate them into Russian.
Exercise 6. Make up sentences of your own using a) vocabulary of the unit b) word combinations and phrases.
Exercise 7. Compose a short situation or a dialogue using word combinations and phrases.
Exercise 8. Find English equivalents for the following words and phrases in the text and write them out:
быть самым ненавистным мужчиной
милашка
плохо оплачиваемая (работа)
много пишут/говорят о
занижать цену
молниеносно подхватил тему
задеть кого-либо
перепалка, оживленный спор
отличить с ходу
поверьте мне
стоить ни центом меньше
хотелось бы знать
они не только настоящие, но и еще великолепны по размеру
спорить
не могу себе позволить
колебаться некоторое время
увеличительное стекло, лупа
как будто она сейчас потеряет сознание
уставиться на кого-либо
это было так очевидно
усилие, которое он над собой делал
без слов
история разошлась по всему кораблю
написано печатными буквами
если бы у меня была красивая/хорошенькая жена, я бы не позволил ей…..
Exercise 9. Translate the following sentences into Russian.
1. Drop in for a chat if you have an hour to spare this evening.
2. Lorna's normally very quiet, but she was quite chatty yesterday.
3. We boarded a ship that was sailing the next day.
4. The sixth sense is sometimes necessary in taking serious decisions.
5. I was in their power, and knew it was pointless to resist.
6. She resisted the temptation to tell him what she really thought.
7. He shook his head, and pointed to a gate.
8. «Look!»-said a soldier, and pointed.
9. Well, the mistake has been made now and it can't be undone.
10. The arrow always points north.
11. She carefully undid the parcel.
12. We picked some blackberries to eat on the way.
13. Beans should be eaten young and freshly picked.
14. The vacuum cleaner won’t pick this stuff up.
15. The striped T-shirt became the comedian’s trademark.
Exercise 10. Match the words to their definition.
chat n.
ship n.
sense n.
pearl n.
resistance n.
point v.
undo v.
pick v.
put v.
trade n.
a) a refusal to accept new ideas or changes.
b) an ability to understand, recognize, value or react to somehing, especially any of the five physical abilitiies to see, hear, smell, taste and feel.
c) break off or pull a flower, fruit, nut etc from a plant or tree.
d) to show someone something by holding up one of your fingers or a thin object towards it.
e) the activity of buying, selling, or exchanging goods within a country or between countries.
f) an informal friendly conversation.
g) to unfasten something that is tied or wrapped
h) a large boat used for carrying people or goods across the sea.
i) a small round object, usually white.
j) to move something from one place or position (in) to another.
Exercise 11. Fill in the gaps with a correct word or a phrase.
chat resistance sense(3) tradename resist put(4) trade-in pick(2) look
1. Oh talk ………, Stuard, we couldn't go without the car.
2. I can’t remember where I ………… my keys.
3. Are you going to give you Ford as a ………...?
4. I just can't ………..chocolate.
5. ……….. these bags on the table.
6. I like Michelle –she's got a really good ………. of humor.
7. We had a ………… about the old days.
8. It doesn't make ……….. – why do you want me to do this.
9. My wife ………. the baby up whenever it cries.
10. There’s too much money being wasted, and it’s time we ……….. an end to it.
11. There has been a lot of ……….. to the new law.
12. I’ll ……… up my things later.
13. …….. your coat on before you go outside.
14. I ………. out and saw nobody outside the door.
15. Look, darling have you ever heard of this ………..?
Exercise 12. Fill in the prepositions.
1. The phone rang and I picked it …. .
2. Charles put ...… his newspaper and go up to answer the door.
3. Pick me …... at 8.00.
4. The meeting has been put …... till next week.
5. My husband will pick you ……. in the car.
6. James wanted to put some of the things he had learned ….. practice.
7. I’ll have to put my glasses …. . I can’t read a sign from here.
8. A new atomic power station will soon be put …. operation.
9. Put this vase ….... .
10. We ship books ..….. to New York every month.
11. Let me just put these files ….. .
12. She bent to pick …... the papers.
13. These theories were put ……. by Dr. Kesner.
14. Suddenly he caught sight ..…. me.
15. A very good ideas came ….. his head yesterday.
Exercise 13. Translate the sentences into English, using the vocabulary of Lesson One.
Мэги очень болтливая. Она болтает каждый день с утра до вечера. Настоящая болтушка.
Экскурсионное судно в Перл Харбор (Pearl Harbor) отходит (to sail) каждый час. Ждем вас на борту нашего судна.
Наше торговое судно доставит товары в любую точку мира.
Когда счастье улыбнется мне, мы заживем счастливо. Я обещаю.
Мы отправились на Сардинию (Sardinia) на корабле. Мы сели на корабль в порту Сицилии (Sicily) и через два дня были уже в Кальяри (Cagliari). Как здорово было на корабле!
Он сделал это только из чувства долга.
Здравый смысл говорит мне не идти туда. – Да, ты прав. В этом нет никакого смысла. Он не поможет нам, я знаю это.
У тебя очень красивое жемчужное ожерелье. Это искусственный жемчуг?- - Нет, это натуральная нитка жемчуга. Я покупала ее в Эмиратах.
«Он сделал это,» - сказала она и указала на мужчину в кепке.
Я не могу удержаться, чтобы не спросить тебя. У России ведь есть ядерное оружие, направленное на США, не так ли?
Мы отгрузим (отправим морем) вам рыбу, креветки (shrimps) и кальмары (calmaries) по оптовым ценам во вторник в 11 часов. К 7 утра в среду товар будет в вашем порту(a seaport).
Я бы хотела удержаться от этого соблазна. – Единственный способ(the only way to) избежать (удержаться) соблазна – это поддаться (to yield) ему.
Сопротивление невозможно. Делайте как мы вам говорим.
Россия уже вошла в ВТО? – Да, вошла совсем не давно.
Я занимаюсь торговлей уже несколько лет.
Еще есть вопросы? – Да, расскажите нам о внешнеэкономической деятельности Англии более подробно (in details). Нам было бы это очень интересно.
«Тайд» - это торговая марка? –Да, а название фирмы «Проктер и Гембл». – Теперь я поняла разницу между торговой маркой и название фирмы.
У тебя красивая новая машина. А где твоя старая? – Я отдал ее в зачет старой. – Хорошая идея. Я сделаю тоже самое, когда буду продавать машину.
Помоги мне расстегнуть жемчужное ожерелье, пожалуйста.
Я собрала целую корзину клубники! -Что ты будешь делать с ней? –Буду есть с молоком и сливками. – Да, ее лучше (you’d better eat)есть свежесобранную.
Я заеду за тобой в восемь. Будь готова.
Ты уже уложила ребенка спать? –Да, я уложила его час назад.
Приведи в порядок свою комнату, пожалуйста. Она в полном беспорядке (in mess).
Я хочу воплотить свои идеи в жизнь.
Он отложил газету и сказал: «Поставь чашку на место, пожалуйста. Я еще не закончил пить чай.»
Убери мороженое в морозилку. Оно растает (to melt).
Он выдвинул очень интересную идею. Мне она понравилась.
Надень плащ. Дождь собирается.
Не откладывай эту работу на завтра. Сделай ее сейчас, а завтра будешь свободен.
Вчера мы положили конец нашим бесконечным (endless) спорам.
Exercise 14. Translate the following sentences into English using word combinations and phrases of Lesson One.
Ты очень самоуверенный. Да, я очень самоуверенный человек. Я всегда был таким.
Когда маленький Майк заметил маму, он очень обрадовался. Он не видел ее целую неделю.
Мне в голову пришла очень хорошая идея. Садись и слушай.
Кто-то выкрикнул (to call) мое имя. Я выглянул, но никого не увидел за окном.
Я осмотрелся, комната была сделана в стиле модерн. Мне она не понравилась. Это не мой стиль. Я люблю классический стиль.
Я сейчас изучаю внешнеэкономическую деятельность африканских стран.
Никто никогда не был таким самоуверенным в нашей семье. Ты исключение (an exception).
Вдруг мне пришло в голову, что я когда-то и где-то это видел.
Я заметил красивую девушку в голубом платье, с длинными светлыми волосами. Это была она-девушка моей мечты (a dream).
Темнело. Мы огляделись, но так и не увидели тропинку (a path )к дому.
Exercise 15. Retell the story using your active vocabulary, word combinations, phrases and speech pattens:
as Mr. Ramsay sees it;
as Mrs. Ramsay tells it to a friend of hers in a confidential way;
as Mr.Kelada tells it to his wife;
from the point of view of a lady on board the ship.
II.
Relationships.
Men and women
There's no trust,
No faith, no honesty in men.
William Shakespeare

Exercise 16. Do you think the following statements are about men or women? Who said them: men or women?
1. They do things first, and think about the risks later.
2. They remember useless information.
3. They notice when something is dirty or needs replacing.
4. They always remember birthdays and anniversaries.
Read the text and check.
Men and Women - What They Say About Each Other
1. The battle of the sexes has probably been going on since
the first caveman left his dirty dishes on the floor of the cave. A subject of endless discussion, it has inspired a million jokes and articles and almost as many books .
2. However, a recent study tells us that men and women really do think differently. Our brains are built in a different way. The results of the study suggest that men have better spatial perception (driving, ball sports), while women's brains equip them better for remembering words and speaking fluently.
3. The scientists examined only a small part of the brain, and they say that further research needs to be done. Here at chatzone1 we have done some less scientific research. We asked people, 'What are the differences between the sexes? ' Here are their answers.
What women say about men
Men remember useless information, like how fast an aeroplane can go, even if they never fly one. (Heather)
If you ask a man a question, he'll always have an answer, even if it's the wrong one. (Aisha)
Men do things first, and think about the risks later. (Candy)
Men cannot watch sport on TV and talk to women at the same time. (Mai)
What men say about men
Men know that common house spiders aren't as dangerous as rattlesnakes. (Daniel)
Men can drive without looking at themselves in the mirror every ten seconds. (Ron)
Men can watch a whole film without interrupting to ask,
'Who is he?' 'What's her job?' 'Does he like her?' (Alfred)
When men want something , they ask for it instead of making a comment distantly related to the subject and hoping their partner will guess what the real subject is.
(Guy)
What men say about women
Women couldn't invent weapons that kill, only weapons that .make you feel really guilty until you say sorry. (Kent)
While men speak in sentences, women speak in
paragraphs. (Sergio)
Women are happy to own twenty CDs, while men need 200 . (Steve)
Women order salad, then eat the man's chips. (Kazeem)
What women say about women
Women have natural instincts about what is dangerous for babies. (Linda)
Women notice when something is dirty or needs replacing. (Carol)
Only women can understand other women. (Xun)
Women have a calendar in their brains: we remember birthdays and anniversaries easily. (Avril)
Exercise 17. Find English equvalents for the following words and word combinations:
битва полов
пещерный человек
тема для бесконечных дискуссий
пространственное восприятие
мозг женщины способен лучше запоминать
научное исследование
одновременно
обычный паук
гремучая змея
смотреть в зеркало
вместо того, что бы намекать на
относящийся к теме
догадываться
чувство вины
природный инстинкт
нуждаться в замене
дни рождения и годовщины
Exercise 18. Find words in the text to match definitions 1-5.
1. the ability to see the position, size or shape of things (paragraph 2)______
give you the tools or abilities that you need (paragraph 2)
________________
more or to a greater degree (paragraph 3)____
not closely (paragraph 5)____
natural abilities or feelings that make people and animals know something (paragraph 7)_____
Exercise 19. Answer the following questions about the text
What is the subject of endless discussions?
What does the recent study tell us?
What did the scientists examine and what do they say?
What do women say about men? Do you agree with what they say?
What do men say about men?
What do men say about women? Do you agree with what they say?
What do women say about women?
What is the difference between men and women from your point of view?

Exercise 20. Write the name of the person from exercise 16 who makes similar statements to the ones below.
1. Men hate to say, 'I don't know'. Aisha
2. Men cannot 'multi-task'; they can only concentrate on one thing at a time.
3. Men are very direct when they need something.
4. Women are more fluent than men when they speak.
5. Women are more maternal; they understand what is good for young children.
6. Women have better memories for dates than men.
Exercise 21. Translate the following sentences into English using the following constructions:
Instead of doing smth
Need doing smth
Example: Instead of going for a walk help me.
Your house needs painting.
Вместо того, чтобы смотреть телевизор, помой посуду.
Позвони ему сама, вместо того, чтобы ждать его звонка.
Вместо того, что бы объяснять мне в четвертый раз, что мне сделать, сделай это сама.
Ты опять взял мои ключи, вместо того чтобы взять свои!
Ваши часы нужно починить.
Ребенка нужно покормить, он плачет.
Окна нужно помыть, они грязные.
У тебя очень длинные волосы. Их нужно подстричь.
Стол сломался, его нужно починить.
Посмотри на эти цветы. Их нужно полить.
Exercise 22. Translate the following sentences into English using the following word combinations with preposition in:
look in the mirror; in a car; in October; in a minute; in a year; in smb’s speech; in politics; to be dressed in a blue suit; in pencil; in an alphabetical order; to do smth in/for fun; in groups; in a loud voice; in the newspaper, in bed; in square.
Она процитировала (to cite) Шекспира в своей речи, не так ли?
Зачем ты это сделал? -Я сделал это только шутки ради. Извини, я не думал, что это обидит (to hurt) тебя.
Он в политике уже 15 лет. Он очень известный человек в России.
Расставьте (to arrange)эти слова в алфавитном порядке.
Мис Кейн, посмотрите (to have a look), Анна написала итоговый тест карандашом. – Запомни, мы не проверяем тесты, которые написаны карандашом.
Я поеду из Лондона в Кембридж на машине. Я не люблю поезда. –А я поеду на поезде ( on a train). Встретимся на центральной площади.
Мы сидели маленькими группами и рассказывали друг другу о своих проблемах.
Встретьте меня, пожалуйста, на вокзале в 5 часов. – А как я вас узнаю (to recognize) ? – Я буду в синем костюме.
Подожди меня, пожалуйста, я освобожусь через минутку.
Вчера я очень плохо себя чувствовал и поэтому я провел весь день в постели.
Ты видела сегодняшнюю газету? – Еще нет. -В ней (газете) статья о тебе!
Он произнес (to call) мое имя громким голосом.
Ты когда-нибудь был в комнате смеха (house of mirrors)? Да, я был там очень давно. -Что ты видел в зеркало? –Я видел себя длинным и коротким, худым и толстым в зеркалах! Было очень весело!
Я видела его последний раз в октябре и с тех пор мы больше не виделись.
Я думаю, он будет миллионером через год.
Exercise 23. Read the following statements about men and women.
Scientists have discovered recently that there are seventy-eight genetic differences between men and women.
Women have a multi-tasking gene. Men can never prepare dinner so that everything is ready at the same time.
Men like to have all their stuff (DVDs, CDs) on show to impress their friends. Women hide things in cupboards.
Women have an ability to make men think they are in charge.
Men refuse to pay more than £5 for a haircut because it’s not that important.
A baby is crying, a dog is barking, a doorbell is ringing. It doesn't matter: the man of the house is sleeping. Men can sleep through anything. Women can't.
A man can choose and buy a pair of shoes in 90 seconds over the internet.
Women know what to do when someone starts to cry.
Women remember every outfit they've worn 'for the past twenty years. Men can't remember what they were wearing yesterday without looking on the floor.
Men speak in sentences. Women speak in paragraphs.

Exercise 24. Give English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:
одновременное выполнение множества дел
вещи на показ
шкаф для посуды
быть ответственным
платить за стрижку
не иметь значения
пара обуви
купить по интернету
помнить, что на тебе было одето
говорить предложениями
Exercise25. Answer the following questions.
1. Do you think male and female brains are different? How?
2. What are the stereotypes of men and women in this country?
3. What points do you agree with?
4. What points do you disagree with?
5. Can you think of any options to add?
6. Do you think men and women are different in their roles? How?
Exercise 26. The Russian word пара is translated into English as a couple or a pair. Fill in the gap by choosing the right word.
Note1: a pair is a set of two things which are joined or normally used together, or two people who work or do something together: a pair of jeans; two pairs of pants; to work in pairs.
A couple is two or a few things of the same kind: a couple of dollars.
Note 2: Two married people or two people in a lasting relationship are a couple: a childless couple; two just married couples.
Go and put a clean ……… of jeans.
Oh get out, the …….. of you.
I don’t know why I feel so bad, I only had a ……… of drinks.
I’ve got only one ………… of hands.
This hotel is popular among young honeymoon ……….. .
An elderly ………. live next door.
I can’t find a matching ……….. of socks.
He packed two ……….. of trousers and four shirts.
I’d like you to do this exercises in ……….. .
The doctor said my leg should be better in a ………. of days.
Exercise 27.Take a piece of paper, listen to the test instructions and follow them. (Listening Speakout St’s book 1.3) Track 05.
Exercise 28. Listen to the explanation. (Listening Speakout St’s book 1.4) Track 06.
Parts of a bicycle
a wheel - колесо
a handlebar –руль
a saddle – седло/сиденье
a chain - цепь
a crossbar - рама
a pedal -педаль
How many parts did your bike have?
Could it work?
Does it have a person on it?
Compare your picture with those of other students.
Exercise 29. Listen to people discussing their pictures of the bicycle. (Listening Speakout St’s book 1.5) Track 07.a) Who says the following sentences a man or a woman?
None of us got the chain, did we?
Pedals nor chains, so mine will never work.
None of us drew a person.
I’ve got a little bird on my handlebars, though.
Yours is the most accurate one.
And you’ve got lights on yours.
b) Do you agree with the presenter’s views about men and women?
Exercse 30. Match the words in A with their translation in B
A B
anniversary (n.)
break up/ split up (phrasal verb)
bride (n.)
celebration (n.)
date (n.)
divorce (n.)
engaged (adj.)
fall in love (phrase)
friendship (n.)
go out (phrasal verb)
groom/bridegroom (n.)
honeymoon (n.)
marriage (n.)
nephew (n.)
niece (n.)
partner (n.)
single parent(n.)
wedding (n.) разойтись
племянница
брак
свадьба
помолвленный
развод
племянник
спутник жизни; жена/муж
влюбиться
жених
мать одиночка/ одинокий отец
дружба
медовый месяц
невеста
празднование
встречаться с кем-то
свидание
годовщина

Exercise 31. Match the words in A with their definition in B
A B
anniversary (n.)
break up/ split up (phrasal verb)
bride (n.)
celebration (n.)
date (n.)
divorce (n.)
engaged (adj.)
fall in love (phrase)
friendship (n.)
go out (phrasal verb)
groom/bridegroom (n.)
honeymoon (n.)
marriage (n.)
nephew (n.)
niece (n.)
partner (n.)
single parent (n.)
wedding (n.) the son of your sister or brother.
a marriage ceremony and the celebration that often takes place afterwards.
c. the relationship between a husband and wife, or the state of being married.
d.a relationship or state of friendliness between two people.
e. the daughter of your sister or brother.
f. someone who is bringing up a child or children on their own, because the other parent is not living with them.
g. to end romantic relationship.
h. the person you are married to or are having a long-term relationship with.
i. you start to feel romantically attracted to someone.
j. a man who is getting married or who has just got married.
k. a holiday taken by a couple who has just married.
l. you are having a romantic relationship with someone.
m. a date which is remembered or celebrated because a special event happened on that date in a previous year.
n. an appointment to meet someone or go out with someone, with whom you are having a romantic relationship.' with whom you are having a romantic relationship.
o. two people have agreed to marry each other
p. a woman who is getting married or who has just got married.
q. an occasion when a husband and wife divorce.
r. a special, enjoyable event that people organize because something pleasant has happened or because it is someone's birthday or anniversary.
Good to Know.
Marry, get married or be married?
You marry someone or get married to someone. After that you are married.
She married him/got married to him in September.
They ‘ve been married for six months.
Wedding or marriage?
The wedding is the ceremony and celebration after it; the marriage is all the time you are married.

Exercise 32. Put the correct word in each gap.

Anniversary celebration engaged going out wedding bride married honeymoon
Hey Toby!
How's it going? Good news - Bethany and I have got ………….! Everyone's totally shocked because we've been ……………….. for years and no one thought we'd actually ever do it. We're planning to get …………………..next September - it'd be great
if you and Cara could come. Bethany's got into the' …………...zone' already and she's looked at hundreds of dresses . I'm sure she'll be a beautiful ………………….whatever she wears.
We're thinking of going to the Caribbean for our……………….. .I've always wanted to go there. I know you went last year with Cara to celebrate your ………………..- any advice on good places to go?
Hope all's well with you both.
Nat
Exercise 33. a) Fill in the letter with the correct word. Mind your grammar.
Ask Jill to help you solve life's problems!

engaged fall in love with date celebration
break up go out with anniversary
Dear Jill
I had my first …………with my boyfriend a year ago and now he wants to ………… . I am so sad.
It was our first ……………. last week and we had a special meal as a ………….. . I thought he was going to ask me to marry
him - I really wanted to get ……………. . But he said he wanted to …………… other girls. The problem is, I think ……………. him.
What can I do?
Alice
b) Help Alice to solve her problem. Write her a letter trying to calm her down. Give her advice what to do and how to behave in such situation.
Exercise 34. Correct the highlighted words where necessary.
I met Karen at the gym. We both liked running and often ended up on machines next to each other. One day we got chatting and I asked her out on a date. We went for coffee and got on really well. We soon formed a great friendship and over time we fell in love . Eventually I found the courage to ask her to marry me. I was really nervous but she said yes and we started to plan our marriage .The day was fantastic and we spent our celebration at a five-star
resort in the Maldives. But soon after we got back, things started to change. We kept having arguments and then I found out she'd been seeing someone else. We split up last year and the divorce has just come through. I've got a new bride now and she's great - but I won't be proposing wedding any time soon!
Exercise 35. Translate into English using words from exercise 31.
Мы встречаемся с тобой уже два года. Если мы не поженимся в следующем году, то мы разойдемся. И ты больше меня никогда не увидешь!
Поздравляю вас! Вы выиграли медовый месяц на Гаваях (The Hawaii Islands)! -Но я не женат,у меня даже(even) нет невесты. – Это не проблема. Я буду вашей спутницей во время нашей поездки на Гаваи. Я там никогда не была, но с детства мечтала побывать там. Вы ведь не возражаете (to mind), не так ли?
Наш брак длился пять лет, а затем мы развелись. Теперь я мать одиночка.
Вы помолвлены? Нет, мы просто встречаемся.
В следующем году будет годовщина нашей свадьбы. В январе следующего года будет 30 лет, как мы живем вместе. Мы собираемся отпраздновать эту годовщину. Надеюсь ты придешь. -Обязательно (certainly) приду, если вы меня пригласите. –Приглашаю!
Посмотри на жениха, он такой красивый (handsome)! Любая девушка влюбится в него. –Да, он красивый, но очень жадный (greedy) человек. Я знаю его с детства, он племянник моей подруги. – “Лицом хорош, да душою не пригож(Beauty is only skin deep)'' – так говорит моя мама о таких красавцах.
Моя племянница выходит замуж! – А кто жених? –Ты его не знаешь, он племянник моей лучшей подруги, которую я знаю уже тысячу лет. Сэм и Эмма стали встречаться год назад, а в следующую пятницу они празднуют свадьбу.
Почему так шумно в квартире напротив? Студенты празднуют окончание экзаменационной сессии (end of examination term).
Где отец этих детей? -С тех пор как они разошлась, Ник больше не живет с ними и не приходит к ним. Мэри мать одиночка. –В Москве много матерей одиночек.
10. У меня свидание с Петей в четверг. – В четверг ты собиралась навестить племянницу и племянника. Они будут тебя ждать. Ты не видела их уже полгода, они очень изменились. Они будут очень рады тебя видеть. -Тогда я Возьму Петра с собой. Убью двух зайцев сразу (Kill two birds with one stone). Более того (moreover), Петр очень любит детей.
Exercise 36. a) Read the following words and translate them into Russian.
family family history; father’s/mother’s side of the family; ancestors; great-grandparents; relatives; related to; inherited; take after; roots; extended family.
relationship a boss; an employee; a classmate; a partner; a team-mate; a member; a godfather; a godmother; a mentor; a pupil; a fiancée; a fiancé.
b) make a dialogue or a story using the above words.
Exercise 37. Give the English equivalents for the following words.
крестная мать; жених; унаследовать; история семьи; наставник/ куратор; крестный отец; предки; большая семья; родственники; корни; невеста; родственники по линии матери; прародитель; иметь родственные отношения с; быть похожим на; работник; коллега по работе/ член команды;
Exercise 38. Put the words into categories 1-4.
employee fiancée fiancé classmate pupil boss
team-mate godfather godmother member
A person you work with:_______________________________
A person who studies:__________________________________
A person you are close to (almost family):__________________
4. A person you do a hobby with:______________________________
Exercise 39. Match questions 1-10 with answers a)-j).
Do you know a lot about your family history?
Which do you know best: your mother 's or your father's side of the family?
Where did your ancestors come from?
Did you ever meet your great-grandparents?
Do you know most of your relatives?
Are you related to anyone famous?
Have you inherited any family characteristics?
Who in your family do you take after?
Would you like to know more about your roots?
Do you live with your extended family?
Quite a lot. My parents told me a lot of stories about my background.
Yes . I 'm very shy, like my father and my older brothers.
I 'd love to, but it's difficult because my parents don't often
talk about the past.
Yes, I live with my immediate family and my grandparents .
No, there are no celebrities in the family!
They came from Lagos, in Nigeria .
I know about half of them. The others live in New Zealand
and I 've never met them.
M y father's. I grew up next door to his sister's family.
M y mother. We look alike and we have similar characters.
j) No. Unfortunately, they died before I was born.
Exercise 40. a) Tell your classmates about your
family,
job/studies,
home
likes/dislikes.
b) Introduce your partner to the class.
Exercise 41.Fill in the gaps using the words given below.
history inherited after extended ancestors relative
great side roots related
My parents told me about my family ……... .
My ………. probably came from the place where I was born.
I once met my …….-grandparents.
I take …….. my mother, especially my personality.
I know someone who …….…. a house when their parents died.
My family’s ….…… are in another country.
I have a ……….. living in Australia.
I know someone who is ….….. to someone famous!
I know my mother’s …….… of the family much better than my father’s.
I have a very large …..…… family: lots of cousins, nephews and nieces.
Exercise 42. Fill in the gaps with one of the following words.
member fiancée classmate pupil boss
godfather employee fiancé godmother team-mate
This is Marianna, my…………… .We're getting married next year.
Dave is my …………….. . We're both in Year 12 at Cokethorpe High School.
She asked her ……………for some time off work, but he said no.
I'm a …………….of a swimming club. We meet twice a week at the sports centre.
Luisa got I 00% in her exam. She's the best ………………in my class.
He's an ……………of GEO Foods. He's been there for six years.
When I was born, my father asked John, his best friend, to be my ……………….. .
Leticia is my ……………. . We play in the same basketball team.
Exercise 43. Answer the questions using the following words.
boss and employeeclassmates partner team –mates member godfather and godmother mentor and pupil fiancée and fiancé
1.Which pair works together? boss and employee
Which pair promises to help guide a child through life?
Which pair is going to get married?
Which pair involves one person learning from the other?
Which word describes people who play in the same sports team?
Which word describes people who go to the same class?
Which word describes a person who is part of a club?
Which word is a general word for 'someone who you do something with'?
Exercise 44. a) Put the letters in the correct order to find the names of twelve types of people.
tomdogher
niface
ilupp
nraterp
ceanife
breemm
stamcasel
dethagorf
sobs
emeyloep
trenom
maatteme
b) Which of these people do you know or have?
I have a fiancée. We’re getting married next summer.
I am a member of a gym.
Exercise 45. Translate the following sentences into English, using new words.
На кого ты похожа: на маму или на папу?
Я унаследовала дом в деревне.
На Кипре невеста иногда одевает красное платье, а жених - белый костюм.
Будь крестной мамой моей дочке, пожалуйста.
Дядя Билл – крестный папа моей племянницы.
Подумать только (just imagine)! Hаши предки жили без стиральных машин, носили воду из колодца (a well), готовили на костре. –Да, трудно им было жить в те времена.
У нас очень большая и дружная семья.
У Анны очень красивые голубые глаза и светлые волосы. –А ты знаешь, что у всех ee родственников по линии матери были красивые, большие, голубые глаза.- Генетика (genetics) - великая вещь.
Я не хочу продавать этот дом. Он был построен еще моим прадедом .
История нашей семьи очень интересная. Если хочешь, то я тебе расскажу.
В Кембриджском университете у каждого студента ест наставник. Наставник помогает студентам учиться, проверяет домашнее задание, ходит с ними на экскурсии, является членом одной с ними команды.
У тебя фамилия Маринина, ты родственница этой писательницы?- Нет, мы с ней однофамилицы (a namesake).
Exercise 46. a) Do the quiz.
What Women Really Think?
Stella magazine commissioned YouGov, a research agency, to interview over 1000 women in the UK about what they really think. How do you think they responded?
1. How many women in the UK would prefer to have a male boss?
(a) less than 30%
(b) about 50% ·
(c) over 70%
2. How many women have gone on a diet in the past?
(a) 20 %
between 35% and 45%
over 50%
3. How many women spend more than seven hours a week doing exercise?
(a) 4%
(b) 15%
(c) 30%
4. What is the biggest challenge for women today?
(a) staying healthy
(b) making enough money
(c) balancing home and work life
5. What do women think is the best age to get married?
(a) between 21 and 24
(b) between 25 and 29 .
(c) over 30
6. What do 59 % of women think fathers should' take more responsibility for?
their children
doing the housework
organising holidays
According to women, how much housework do they do?
more than 50%
over 75%
nearly all of it
8. How many women aged 45-54 met their husbands through the internet?
(a) 1%
(b) 9%
(c) 16%
b) Read the text and check your answers.
Stella magazine commissioned YouGov, a research agency, to interview over 1,000 women in the UK about what they really think. Here are some of the results .
80% of women say that losing their health is their greatest concern, followed by putting on weight
(52%) and losing their jobs (24 %). It seems that British women aren't too happy with their bodies: 23 % of women are on a diet now and 58% have gone on a diet in the past. Only 4 % of women do more than 7 hours' exercise per week, while 21% do no exercise at all.
The biggest challenge for modern women is balancing home and work life (82%), followed by bringing up happy children (56%) and finding time for themselves (52 %).
As for their love lives, 9% of women aged 45-54 met their husbands through the internet, and 49 % of women believe that the best age to get married is between 25 and 29.
And what about the relationships between men and women? 59% think fathers should take more responsibility for their children. These women are also less than content with their husbands' efforts at home : 51% say they currently do over 75% of the housework. Despite this, over 70% of women would prefer to have a male boss than a female.
And their heroes? The woman they most admire is ex­ Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (7 %), followed by the Queen (5%).
Exercise 47. a) Look at the text again. Find five expressions with take, get, do and go.
b) Write the following word combinations in the right place.
on a diet, home, off, for a drink/a walk/a meal, grey
GO on a diet (start something)
…………………(become)
…………………(move to a place)
…………………(for a (noun)
…………………(stop working)
responsibility for, after someone, part in something, a taxi
TAKE …………………(go in a vehicle)
……………….. (join in)
……………….. (phrasal verbs)
......................(other expressions)
3. married, a job/degree, on with someone, here
GET …………………(become)
…………………….(obtain)
………………….(go somewhere)
………………….. (phrasal verbs)
exercise, research, housework, someone a favour
DO ……………………….(activity)
…………………….(responsibilities and tasks)
…………………...(find information)
…………………….(help someone)
Exercise 48. Translate the following word combinations into English using the verbs go, take, get, do.
пожениться; ладить с кем-либо; брать ответственность; сесть на диету; идти домой; пойти гулять; быть похожей на кого-либо (из членов семьи);проводить исследования; пойти выпить; участвовать в чем-то; делать работу по дому; поймать такси; стать седой; получить диплом; делать кому-либо одолжение.
Exercise 49. a) Complete the phrases with take, get, do or go. Use each verb three times.
1. …………a job
2…………….off
3…………… part in a quiz
4…………….. some research
5……………..my homework
6…………….on with people
7…………... grey
8……………her a favour
9…………….responsibility
10. ……………angry
11. ………….up the guitar
12. ………….for a walk
b) Use the above word combinations in the sentences of your own.
Exercise 50. Fill in the gaps with the right verbs (take, go, do and get) in the right grammar form.
Suddenly, all the lights ……… off.
It’s time for you, Mike to …….. home. Your mum is waiting for you.
Recently I’ve ………… a job in one of the leading oil companies in Moscow.
You are getting fat, Mary. I recommend you to ……… on a diet. Here is the list of different popular diets.
I can’t talk with you now. I’m ………. my homework.
Do you want to ..……..for a walk. The weather is nice, the sun is shining, the birds are singing. It’s a perfect day for spending a day out –of-doors.
Do you want to ………… part in a quiz show. I’m sure you will enjoy it.
I’m glad to hear that your son has ……….. up the guitar. He has an ear for music.
You are ………..grey! What’s the matter with you? You are only 30!
How are you ………. on with people?
Please …….. me a favour. Buy me a loaf of bread and some milk.
I’m …………. some research for an article about student life.
Exercise 51. Translate the following sentences into English using the above word combinations and phrases.
Если он получит диплом через две недели, то тогда я возьму его на работу. Без диплома будет трудно взять его на работу.
Сделай мне одолжение, позвони Мисс Грей и попроси ее прийти ко мне во вторник.
Ты в хороших отношениях с мамой и папой? –Да, у меня очень хорошие родители.
Пешком до вокзала очень далеко. Я поймаю такси.
Моя племянница занялась игрой на гитаре. Она играет каждый день с утра до вечера. Иногда соседи теряют терпение (to lose patient) и стучат нам в стену.
Почему выключился свет?- Не волнуйся, это короткое замыкание (a shortcut), скоро все починят (to fix).
Я прошу тебя принять участие в соревнованиях (a competition). Ты нам очень нужен (We need you badly).
Кто в вашей семье делает всю работу по дому? –Мама и я.
Я становлюсь совсем старой. Мои волосы седеют с каждым днем, лицо все в морщинах (a wrinkle). Ты больше меня не любишь, не так ли? – Нет, не так. Я люблю тебя с первого дня нашего знакомства и всегда буду любить.
Посмотри на него. Он рассердился, сейчас начнет кричать и все кидать.
Exercise 52. Comment on the following quotations:
1. The only time a woman really succeeds in changing a man is when he is a baby. (Natalie Wood 1938 – 1981 an American film and television actress).
2. Can you imagine a world without men?  No crime and lots of happy
fat women. ( Nicole Hollander born in 1939 an American cartoonist and writer).
3. Sometimes I wonder if men and women really suit each other. Perhaps they should live next door and just visit now and then. (Katharine Herburn 1907 – 2003 an American actress of film, stage, and television. Herburn's career as a Hollywood leading lady lasted for more than 60 years.)
Exercise 53. Read a joke. Give the answer to the child’s question.

A joke.
There was a child at a wedding, he saw the bride wear white. “Mommy”, he asked, “why does the bride wear white?”
“Because its the happiest day of her life.” She answered. The child sat and pondered.
“Then why does the groom wear black?”
Exercise 54. What do you see in this picture? A vase or faces?

III.
Friends.
Exercise 55. Answer the following questions.
Who do you consider to be your best friend?
Where and when did you meet them?
What do you like about them?
How are they different from you?
Exercise 56. Listen to Pete answering the same questions about his best friend, and note down his answers. (Listening Total English Student’s book 1.5)
Exercise 57. Complete the definitions (1-10) with the adjectives in italics.
dependableencouraging generous jealouskind-hearted mean pleasant selfish
sulky upbeat
A/ Anperson .........
1 is friendly and well-behaved.
2 cares about you and wants to help you.
3. always does what you need them to.
4. is unhappy if you have something they'd like themselves.
5. happily gives you whatever you need
has a positive, optimistic attitude.
tries to give you the confidence to succeed.
is angry and unhappy for long periods.
thinks of themselves first.
10 doesn't like giving anything away.
Exercise 58. Choose three adjectives in exercise 57 which you think are most important in a good friend. Explain why.
Exercise 59.Tell about a friend using one of the adjectives from exercise 57. Explain why.
When I lost my job last year, my friend Lucia was really encouraging. She kept telling me I would get a better job soon, and I have!
Exercise 60. Read the article and answer the questions.
How many friends should you have?
People often say that while money may bring wealth, friends bring riches. New research, however, shows that friends may bring both kinds of riches. An American study asked eighteen-year-olds to list their three best friends. Years later, it was discovered that those named most often tended to be earning the most. In fact, every extra friend added two percent to their salary. The researchers believed that this is because people with better social skills do better in the workplace. So, the more friends the better?
One theory states that we all have about 150 friends. This may sound like a lot, but only about five of those are really close friends, the kind you can ring at 4:00 a.m. About another ten are part of an inner group, and these can include family members. Then there are about thirty­ five not so close friends, and the other 100 are really just acquaintances. Susie, a market researcher, agrees: 'I have loads of friends, but I'm studying as well as working at the moment, so I only see a few friends once a week or so.’
Have social networking websites changed this? Facebook, one of the most popular social networkin g sites, has more than 300 million active users worldwide, all making new friends online. The average number of Facebook friends is 130, but many people have hundreds or even thousands of online friends. Paulo, a graphic designer, thinks he is fairly typical of his generation: 'I have more than 700 Facebook friends, many of them from other countries. It is as easy nowadays to have a friend on the other side of the world as one round the comer.' However, research indicates that while some people may have more than 150 friends, the number of close friends remains exactly the same --about five.
It appears that whatever technology may make possible, human beings can only manage a small number of 'true' friends.
According to the American study, how much was each friend 'worth'?
Why did the researchers believe that more popular children earned more as adults?
How many of the 150 friends mentioned are really acquaintances?
How many people use Facebook worldwide?
What is the writer's opinion about the effect of technology on how many close friends we have?
Exercise 61. Do you agee or disagree with the following comments from a website.
1. I would never accept an online 'friend' who I didn't already know.
How can you be friends with someone you've never met? Sylwia,UK
2. I'm reading this at work - it' rny .lunch break - and I wanted to comment about the fact that most companies won't let you go on Facebook while you're at work, even in your own time. I don't think it's fair because this is the main way I communicate with my f riends.
Jon, UK
3. I think people who have hundreds of friends online must just be really self-obsessed and looking for attention. Rui, Portugal
Exercise 62. a) Listen to three people talking about someone who they fell out with. Match the speakers (1-3) with the photos (A-C). (Listening Total English Student’s book 1.8)

b) Listen again and complete the notes in the table.
Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3
Who do they talk about? Romina- best friend How long have they known/ did they know each other? one year
Why / When did they fall out? How is their relationship now? Exercise 63. Discuss the following questions.
1 Do you ever have arguments with your friends?
2. Have you ever fallen out with a close friend? What happened?
3. What do friends / family usually argue about?
IV.
Revision of Tenses .
Exercise 64. Some office workers are talking at lunchtime. Complete the conversation choosing the right variant.
Canteen conversation
TIM I see that you 're eating /eat a vegetarian dish. Are / Do you always eating / eat vegetarian food?
CLAIRE No, I 'm eating / eat everything, but I 'm trying / try this today because it's looking / looks so good.
TIM My cousin is a vegan. That's meaning / means that he isn't eating / doesn't eat any animal products.At the moment he's suffering / suffers from a vitamin problem and the doctor's thinking / thinks that he should eat some fish or meat.
CLAIRE It's seeming / seems silly to me to be so strict. People aren't killing /don't kill animals to get milk or eggs, for example.
TIM I 'm agreeing / agree with you, but my cousin's believing/ believes that we shouldn't exploit animals at all.
CLAIRE Well, I 'm hoping / hope that he'll soon get over his vitamin problem.
vivvvitamin problem.
Exercise 65. Use a verb from the box in the present simple or the present continuous to complete the dialogue.
Arranging to meet
begindo not do get go go leave not leave meet take
EMMA There's an interesting talk on healthy living at the library this Friday. I'm …………………with Sarah. We………………. in the cafe opposite. How about joining us?
JACK What time .............................. it……............ ... ..?
EMMA At 7 o'clock.
JACK I ……………………my brother to the station on Friday and his train ………………………..until about quarter to seven so I won't be back in time, I'm afraid. What about the weekend? ...................................... you…………………..anything special on Saturday?
EMMA Yes, lots of us…….............................to the anti-war demonstration in Leeds.
JACK How...................... you ……………….. there?
EMMA In Sarah's car. We.............................. her flat at 9.00. I'm sure there's room for you.
JACK OK, I......................... anything else, so I'll join you.
Exercise 66. Choose the correct variant.
1. A: I 've never been / didn't go to Hollywood.
B: Haven't you? I went / 've been there last year.
A: How many films have you acted / did you act in so far?
B: I 've acted / acted in seventeen films up to now.
A: He's only twenty-two years old, but he travelled / has travelled all around the world.
B: Really? Which countries did he visit / has he visited?
A: She has won / won four Oscars for her performances.
B: That's right. She has won / won an award for Best Actress last month.
A: They have lived / lived in California for twenty years.
B: When did they move / have they moved to Texas?
A: Have you been / Were you here for a long time?
B: Yes. I arrived / have arrived over an hour ago.
A: We 've been married / were married for forty years now.
B: Do you remember the first day we 've met / met?
8. A: Did you enjoy / Have you enjoyed the film?
B: I didn't have / haven 't had time to watch it yet.
Exercise 67. Complete the text with suitable forms of the words in brackets. Use present perfect or past simple. In one place, both are possible.
Electric cars - Latest update
A small American car manufacturer …………………….(just announce) that its experimental electric car, the Lexington X1, will go into production this year. Markton Automobiles, of Detroit, Michigan, ........................ (make) the announcement at last month's Auto Show in Geneva .
Although there are now many electric cars on the market, so far manufacturers
.............................. (not be) able to produce one that can really compete with existing petrol cars . There are two major problems - speed and distance. Up until now, electric cars............................. (be) either too slow or unable to travel far enough without recharging
their batteries. Markton Automobiles claim that they .......................... (overcome) these difficulties with a new type of solar panel which continually recharges the batteries . The company …......................... (not give) the press exact details yet, but they claim they
............................... (already test) the car successfully under all kinds of weather conditions.
A Japanese company .............................. (first design) the engine in 2007. But over the last few years Markton ............................. (adapt) the design and increased its power.
The company .............................. (invite) ten journalists to test-drive the new car last week.
Their reports …......................... (be) mainly positive, although we will have to wait for the full test results before we know if this really is the electric car that everyone is waiting for.
Exercise 68. We often ask what people were doing when something important happened. Open the brackets using the correct form of the verbs.
At the time it happened
I.
MIRAWhat ……………… (you, do) when you ………….(hear) that London would host the Olympics in 2012?
PETRA Strangely enough, I …………………(spend) some time with friends in England. After a couple of days in Liverpool, we .................................. (set) off for the south. We ................................ (reach) London in the late morning of the very day that they …................... (make) the announcement, but of course the celebrations ................................ ..... (not, start) until the afternoon. When we ................. ..................... (arrive) in Greenwich in south London we …………………..(not, plan) to stay, but the sun……………………(shine) and everyone …………………….(walk) up and down because there was a special festival. Anyway, we…….................... (decide) to join in the
fun. Just before 1 p.m., while we …......................... (have) an ice cream in the park, the band that ........................................ (play) music for the dancing …………………….(stop) in the middle of the song and the bandleader ……………………(announce) that London had won the 2012 Olympics! The news really …………………. (add) to the party atmosphere, of course.
II
ED Where ……………………(you,be) when the tsunami disaster ……………..(happen)?
AMY I ……………….(lie) in bed because I ……………(have) flu. I ………………….(watch) an old film on television, although I …………………..(not, enjoy) it very much because I ..............................(not, think) it was very good. Then suddenly they..………………….(interrupt) the programme to give the news.
III
DAVEWhat ………………….. (you, do) when you .................... (hear) that your sister was engaged?
CLAIRE I …. ……….......... (walk) to work and I..................... (get) a text message on my mobile. My sister ...................................... (send) me a photo of her hand, and she ........................... (wear) an engagement ring! At first I …………………….(not, believe) the news, but then ……………………….(call) her and she………………………(tell) me the good news herself!
Exercise 69. Fiona is in charge of a big party but she arrives late, in the middle of the preparations. Complete the dialogue by putting the verbs into the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous.
More party preparations
FIONAHello, everybody. I'm sorry I'm late. I ……………….. (try) to find a DJ but so far ………………….. (not, find) one, though one …………………..(promise) to phone me later. ………………..(you all, get on) with what we decided?
KATEWell, Tim and I ..................................... (make) sandwiches ever since we arrived. So far, we . …….................... ..... (make) about 50.
FIONACharlie - ... .......................... (you, manage) to set up the sound system yet?
CHARLIE Well, I………................ (work) on it all morning but there are a couple of technical problems that I …………….. (not, solve) yet.
FIONAYou look very hot, Mike. I suppose that's because you .....................................(move) the chairs and tables .
MIKEThat's right. But I've almost finished, and my sister ..................................... (wipe) all of them so they are ready for use.
(RING, RING)
FIONAOh, that's my mobile. Hello ... Yes, I ….................... ............... (expect) your call ...You can? Oh, that 's great! ... See you about 9 o'clock then. Bye!
FIONA Great news, everybody. That guy I mentioned ……………….. (agree) to be our DJ.
Exercise 70. Two colleagues meet by chance on holiday in New York. Complete the conversation by choosing the right variant.
MEL Nell, fancy meeting you here. Were you /Have you been here long?
NELLNo, we came / 've come the day before yesterday.
MELI don't think you met / ' ve met my partner, Barry.
NELLYes, we met / 've met at the Christmas party.
MELYou're not here on your own, are you?
NELLNo, my sister's with me, but she stayed / 's stayed in the hotel because she didn't sleep / hasn't slept very well since we got / ' ve got here.
MELWe were / 've been here for a week and so far we really enjoyed / 've really enjoyed it.
NELLI read / 've read a couple of books about New York before we set off / 've set off .
196532595250,
00,
MELYes, we did / have too. We ate /' ve eaten at a couple of places that the books recommended / have recommended. In fact, we went / 've been to a very good restaurant last night.
NELL And did you visit/have you visited the Empire State Building yet?
MEL Yes, but there was / has been an enormous queue so we decided / 've decided to walk up the stairs. I never climbed / ' ve never climbed so many stairs in my life.
2908935-22796600
Exercise 71. Fill in the gaps with a correct verb in a correct form.
Marco Polo.
travel (3) arrive (2) leave visit live welcome learn discuss
Marco Polo lived from 1254 to 1324. His father was a trader and often …………………….to distant countries. In 1271 Marco …………….. Venice with his father to go on a long voyage to the East. Clearly, journeys used to take longer then than they do now, and it was only after they …………………for three years that they arrived in China, at the palace of the great Kublai Khan. The Emperor remembered Marco's father from when he ……………….. before and he ………………the travellers.
While he …………………. in China, Marco ……………….. the language, and often……………….. on business for the Emperor. After several years Marco and his father decided to leave China, and they ………………… their wishes with the Emperor when a message ……………… from the King of Persia, who wanted to marry Kublai Khan's daughter . Marco and his father decided to accompany the wedding group, so, after twenty­ four years away, Marco Polo ……………back in Venice in 1295.

Exercise 72. Complete the conversation with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
A: I need a holiday, but flights ………….(be) always expensive at this time of year.
B: That's true, but I …………….(find) a cheap flight to Mexico on the net yesterday.
A: Grace …………….(win) the lottery last week!
B: That's right. She ……………….(sleep) when her brother called to tell her.
A: I …………….(not like) football.
B: Why ………..you …………..(not tell) me earlier? The tickets cost £70 each!
4. A:…………….you…………(hear) about the accident last week?
B: Yes, the boys…………….(drive) along Court Street when a motorbike hit the car.
5. A: …………..you…………(need) somewhere to stay? I have a spare room.
B: No, it's OK. I ………….(stay) with my sister.
6. A: I ……………(read) a novel called The Road at the moment .
B: Oh yes. I found it so boring that I ……………..(not finish) it.
7. A: I like an early start, so I …………….(get up) at six every morning.
B: Me too. I always …………….(leave) the house by seven.
A: John! Are you ready? We …………(wait) for you!
B: OK, here I am! Sorry about that. I ……………………(look)
for my hat! I couldn't find it anywhere.
Exercise 73. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
Some of the students (speak, never) ……………………
English before they came here last fall.
Му passport (staтp) ..........................at the airport when I arrived.
Му seventy-year-old grandfather, who owns his own business, (continue, probaЬly) ……………………………. to work as long as he (live)……………………. .
I (live) ……………….. with my parents until Ican find an apartment to buy.
I arrived here in August 2009. Ву August 2019, I (Ье) …………………… here for ten years.
Do you know the man who (sit) ……………………….in the brown leather chair?
Many of the goods that (produce)………………..since the beginning of the twentieth century are totally machine-made.
I (know)………………..Beth for six years. When I (meet)_
her, she (work) ………………………in а law office.
I don't know why the food service has to bе so slow. We (stand) ……………………..here in the cafeteria line for over half an hour, and there (bе) ……………………..still а lot of people in front of us.
Hurry up, Anna! We (wait) …………….. for you.
You should turn your lights on. It (get) ………..… dark.
Mrs. МсКау (give, already)……………………….birth to the child bу the time her husband arrived at the hospital.
The large dormitory (destroy, completely) ………………. bу fire last week. Since all of the students (go) ……………………….
holidays, there was no loss of life.
14. Ever since I can remember, mathematics (be) ……………….. my favorite subject.
15. It's а funny story. I'll tell you the details when I (call) …………………….. you tomorrow.
16. What (happen) …………………. to you since she (leave)?
17. Well, dear, what you (do) …………………..all day long? You (look) …………………. tired. Соmе and sit here by the fire.
18. Come in and join us. We (have) ………………… tea and (watch) ………………TV.
19. When I (get) ……………. to the station, I (learn) …………….that the train (leave) ……………… a few minutes before.
20. When we (reach) …………… the wood, we (find) …………… that a party of strangers (occupy) …………………..the spot which we (choose) for our picnic.
21. This train (be) ………..always late!
22. A: How is your English?
B: Not bad. It (get) …………..better.
23. It (rain) ………………….every day since we (come)…………. here.
24. You (listen)………………to music in the car?
25. Water (change)………………….. into ice when the temperature (drop)………………….. below zero.
26. We (see) ………………your brother a week ago, but we (not/see) ……………………him since then.
27. We (go)……………out most evenings.
28. I usually (not enjoy) ……… parties.
29. I usually (finish) …………. work at six o’clock, and it (take) ……..…..me ten minutes to walk home.
30. A: What’s that noise?
B: It’s Jude. He (play) …………. the trumpet.
Exercise 74. Complete the story with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Retell the story.
А bоу who worked in а shop in а country-town (send) ……………….bу his master to the house of а rich customer with а valuable ring.
"(not open) ………………the bох," the shopkeeper (tell) …………. the bоу. "If you (lose) ………………. the ring you (punish)……….. ." The boy's way (be) ……………. across а large park throughwhich (flow) ……………а stream.As the bоу (cross) ……………the bridge he foolishly (take) ………….. the ring out of the bох as he (want) …………… to have а look at it. While he (do) ……………. so. the ring (slip) …………….. out of his hand and (fall) ……………….into the mud on the bank of the stream. Не (try) ………….. tofindit for а long time but couldn’t do it.
At last darkness made him stop his search. "If my master (learn) ……………..it he (kill) ………….me,'' (think) ……………. the poor bоу. Не (bе) ……………….. so frightened that he (decide) ………………….that he never (return) ……………….home. He (run) ……………………. away and (become) ……………..а sailor.
Нe (spend) …………………..many years in Americaand (become) very rich. But still he (dream) that one day he (go) ……………..back to his home country. And so he (dо) ………. . Не (buу) ……………… the estate with the stream into which he (drop) ………. the ring as а bоу.
One day when he and his friend (walk) ………………….along the bank of the stream, they (come) ……………… to the place where he (1ose) …………….the ring. Не (push) ……………his stick* into the mud exclaiming: "I (be) ………………..absolutely sure that it (be) ……………… the exact spot** where I (lose) …………the ring.’’ And when he (pull) ……….. it out he (see) ……………….. the ring (hang) …………………at the end of it.
*stick - палка
**spot - место
Exercise 75. Choose a suitable tense. Retell the story.
J. Jerome. Three Men in a Boat.
I.
One day my Uncle Podger (to decide) …………… to hang a picture which just (to come) …………… from the shop, in a beautiful glass frame. He (to tell) ………………us not to worry; he said he (to do) …………….. everything himself. At first he (to take)……………….. picture in his hands, and then suddenly he (to drop)………………… it; and it (to fall)……………………….. to the floor and the glass (to break) ……………………, and Uncle Podger (to cut)…………………. his finger while he (to try) ……………….to save it. He (to sit) …………………down on the chair and (to tell) …………………… us to find his coat, as he wanted to bandage his finger with a handkerchief (носовой платок). We all (to begin)…………………… to look for his coat, but (not to find) …………………… it anywhere: the coat (to disappear)…………………. . All this time while we (to look) ………………….. for his coat, Uncle Podger (to sit)……………… on the chair exclaiming how strange it was that we (to lose) …………………..his coat, which he himself (to take) …………………..off just a few minutes before.
This (to continue) for some time until, at last, Uncle Podger
(to stand) ………………………… up and (to find) ………………… that he (to sit) ……………………. on his coat all that time. After we (to bandage*) …………………. his finger, he (to get) up on the chair again and (to tell) us to give him the hammer, which, he said, he himself (to bring) from the kitchen. We couldn’t find the hammer at first: Uncle Podger (to put) ……………………. it on the bookshelf, among the books. All this time Uncle Podger (to stand) ………………..on the chair and (to wonder) ………………. aloud how long we (to keep)………………… him standing there, and why we (to take) …………………away his hammer. And Aunt Maria (to say) …………………..that she (not to let) ……………….. the children hear such language.
We hardly (to find) the hammer, when Uncle Podger (to
notice) ……………………that he (not to bring)……………………. any nails. But as soon as we (to give) ……………………….him a nail, he (to lose)…………………….. it, and we (to have)………………….. to go down on our knees and look for the nail. So, by the time the picture was put up on the wall , everyone (to get) …………………….. very tired, and Aunt Maria (to say)……………….. that next time Uncle Podger was going to do some work, she (to go)…………………… and (to spend)………………. a week with her mother until he (to finish)…………………. . But Uncle Podger was very proud that he (to do) …………………….the work quite by himself.
II.
After I (to do)………………… all the packing of our things, and (to strap)**……………… the bag, I (to sit) ………….on it and Harris asked, 'You (to put) ……………….the boots in?' I (to look) round and (to find)………………….. that I (to forget)……………. the boots. That was just like Harris. He (not to say)………………… a word about the boots, of course, until I (to pack) ………………….everything and (to strap) ……………….the bag. And I (to get)……………………. still more angry because George (to start)………………………. to laugh. I (to unpack)…………………………. the bag again and (to put) ………….. the boots in. Then I (to wonder) …………………….. if I (to pack) …………………. my toothbrush.
My toothbrush is a thing that always makes my life terrible when
I (to travel) …………….. . At night I dream that I (not to pack) ……………………… it, and I wake up and get out of bed and hunt for it. And in the morning I pack it before I (to use)………….. it, and then I have to unpack the bag again to get it, and it always turns out that I (to put)…………………… it at the bottom of the bag, so I find it only after I (to take)………………….. out all the other things. Then I repack and forget where I (to leave) ……………..the toothbrush, and have to run upstairs for it at the last moment and carry it to the railway station in my handkerchief.
*to bandage (regular verb) – бинтовать.
**to strap (regular verb) – стягивать ремнем.
Exercise 76. Translate the following sentences into English.
I.
1. Мы выйдем из дома, только когда дождь совсем перестанет.
2. Я не скажу тебе ничего, пока не получу разрешения.
3. Не начинай работу, .пока как следует не отдохнешь.
4. Я уйду отсюда, только когда все от тебя узнаю.
5. Я поговорю с тобой об этом, когда немного посплю.
6. Пока ты будешь обедать, я буду гладить белье.
7. Пока ты будешь спать, я сделаю домашнее задание.
8. Я кое-что тебе скажу, если ты пообещаешь держать это в секрете.
9. Петр даст тебе эту книгу, если попросишь.
10. После того, как урок закончится, мы пойдем в кино.
11. Я не знаю, когда он вернется, и вернется ли вообще.
12. Он не уверен, поедет ли он в Англию, и когда это будет, если он поедет.
II.
1. Где ты был на nеремене? - Мы писали контрольную.
2. Мы вчера три часа писали контрольную, и к концу все очень устали; думаю, я сделал там много ошибок.
3. В тот день у него было много дел. Он работал весь день и закончил только к вечеру. Он очень устал, но был доволен, что сделал так много.
4. Спектакль давно закончился, а мы еще долго сидели и размышляли о том, что видели.
5. Пока я делал уроки, мать готовила ужин.
6. Пока я делал уроки, мать приготовила ужин.
7. Что ты делал в субботу? - Весь день играл в футбол.
8. Мы весь день играли в футбол, а потом пошли в кино, и пожалели ( to complain about smth) об этом: фильм был скучный.
9. Великий художник (a great artist) работал над картиной много лет и закончил ее, когда был уже стариком.
10. Кто это на фото? - Это человек, который убил Леннона.
11. Вы давно ее знаете? - С детства. - Я тоже ее знала, но мы давно поссорились, и с тех пор, мы не встречаемся.
12. У вас такой испуганный вид (a frighten look). Что они вам сказали?
III.
1. Петр здесь? - Он приходил сегодня, но уже ушел.
2. Так ты уже сходил в магазин? Как быстро ты это сделал.
И что же ты купил?
3. Я уже много раз просила тебя рассказать мне, что случилось с тобой в Лондоне . Почему ты мне не рассказываешь?
4. К тому времени, как мы добрались до дома, дождь уже закончился.
5. Поезд уже ушел, когда я приехал на станцию.
6. Вам кто-нибудь говорил, что вы очень красивы?
7. Ты видел сегодня Петра? - Да, видел в столовой.
8. Я много думал об этом в последнее время и понял, что он поступил правильно в этой ситуации.
9. Я с детства люблю музыку. Я несколько лет учился играть на рояле, но уже давно это забросил и сейчас забыл все, чему научился.
10. Как только мы пришли домой, пошел дождь.
11. Когда я проснулся; солнце еще не встало, и было темно.
12. Я вошел в зал, когда лекция уже началась.
IV.
1.- Какая сегодня погода? - Погода меняется, утром было солнечно, а сейчас пошел дождь.
2. Я никогда не забуду того, что ты мне только что рассказал.
3. В этом месяце вы плохо занимаетесь. А на прошлой неделе даже (even) пропустили несколько занятий. В чем дело?
4. Не говорите никому, что случилось.
5. Кто ходил с тобой в театр на прошлой неделе?-Аня. Спектакль был очень интересный.
6. К тому времени как мы вернулись из театра, маленькие дети уже спали, а старший сын смотрел телевизор.
7. Когда мы придем домой, мама еще будет готовить пирог.
8. Никто никогда мне ничего не говорил о ней.
9. Он прекрасный спортсмен. Он занимается спортом с 6 лет.
10. Когда я вошла в комнату, вся семья смотрела телевизор.
11. Почему вы так расстроены? –Я жду друга уже 20 минут, он опаздывает.
12. Я вернулся в институт, т.к. забыл там свой зонт.
V.
119443568580000Comparison of adjectives.
1. Comparative and superlative forms
Comparative (two things) Superlative (more than two things)
Adjectives with one syllable
add --(e)r:
large --larger
small -- smaller
young -- younger
fast-+ faster
add -(e)st:
large -- the largest
small ---the smallest
young -- the youngest
fast -- the fastest
adjectives with two or more syllables
use more/less- +adjective:
useful ----- more/less useful
expensive --- more/less expensive interesting ---- more/less interesting use the most/the least+ adjective :
useful------the most/least useful
expensive ----- the most/least expensive
irregular adjectives bad----worse
good—better
far—farther/further
old---older/elder
many/much----more
little---less
well(=healthy)---better
bad -+ the worst
good -+ the best
far -+ the farthest/furthest
old---the oldest/the eldest
many/much----the most
little-----the least
Note:
Further and farther refer to distance:
London is five miles further/farther.
Further can mean "in addition":
There is no further information.'·· ,. ··"';· ···,
We use elder/eldest before a noun only with reference to ·people in a family:
My elder brother/son, the eldest child, he is the eldest
We use older/oldest for people and things:
He is older than I am. This book is older.
Comparative adjectives
We use comparative adjectives to compare two things. When we use a comparative adjective in front of a noun we add than
Humpback whales are larger than killer whales.
We use object pronouns (me, her, etc.), after than:
Maria is taller than Anna.
Maria is taller than her.
We can use two comparatives to show that something is changing .
The weather is getting hotter and hotter.
Food is becoming more and more expensive these days.
Superlative adjectivesbr
We use superlative adjectives to compare more than two things. We use the or a possessive0
adjective (my/your/his, etc.) before the superlative form: 1
Blue whales are the largest whales . What was your best subject at school?
Blue whales are the largest whales . What was your best subject at school? 2
After superlatives we use in before singular nouns (i.e. the name of a place or group): 3
The blue whale is the largest creature in the world. Ben is the oldest player in the team.
But we use of before plural nouns:
The blue whale is the largest of the whales. Ben is the oldest of the players . 5
Exercise 77. Use the words below to write comparative sentences
Canada I big I Britain. ..........Canada is bigger than Britain............ ...............
1 This towel I dry I that one.......................................................................... .............
2 Magazines I interesting I newspapers ......................................... ..............................................
3 My spelling I bad I Lucy's............................................................... .
4 The airport I far I the railway station ..................................................................................... ..
5. Paris I beautiful I Berlin ……………………………………………………………………..
6. Steak I good I lamb………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 78. Open the brackets using comparative form of the adjective.
This room is .......... than that one (large).
This soldier is .......... than his friends (young).
This stone is......:.. than that one (heavy).
These mountains are .......... than those ones (high).
My colleague's car is.......... than my car (good).
Your plan is .......... than my plan (good).
This house is ......:... than that one (bad).
These dictionaries are .......... than those ones (bad).
These trousers are .......... than those ones (bad).
I have written. …….articles than you have written (many).
You have answered .......... questions than I have answered (many).
I have got .......... work than you -have got (much).
You have got .......... free time today than I have got (much).
We have bought .......... books than our friends have bought (few).
We've paid .......... money for lunch than our friends have paid (little).
I've had .........coffee today than you've had (little).
You will get ......:... information in an hour (far).
My ........ sister is two years .......... than I am (old, old).
This·idea is ..........than that one (interesting).
This author is ............... than that author (talented).
This exercise is ..... .......... than that one (difficult).
These T-shirts are ............... than those ones. (expensive)

Exercise 79. Use the words below to write superlative sentences.
France I large country I the European Union France is the largest country in the European Union.
Mario I old student I my class
Selima I tallest I the athletes
New York I big City I North America
That I beautiful tree I the garden
Harry I experienced I the workers
Mine I nice I the rooms
Exercise 80. Choose the right forms . in these sentences.
1.Is the station much (further/farther)?
You'll find the explanation (further/farther) on.
Your record is (worse/worst) than mine.
4.She always wears the (last/latest) fashion. ·
We have no (further/farther) information.
She is the (oldest/eldest)·member of our family.
My flat is (littler/smaller) than yours.
He is much (older/elder) than his wife.
This is the (more/most) beautiful picture I’ve ever seen.
His English is (best/better) than mine.
It's the (oldest/eldest) building in the city.
He's my (older/elder) brother.
Exercise 81. Use the adjective in the comparative and superlative degree.
His poems are popular. (his novels) His poems are more popular than his novels.
My room's cold. (the kitchen)
My garden is nice(school garden)
Your hair is dark. (your brother's hair)
In USA basketball is popular. (tennis)
Sunday is convenient for me. (Saturday)
His brother is talented. (he)
The watch is expensive. (that one)
Exercise 82. Find six more mistakes in the tour guide's statement and correct them.
' We only have four working elephants her at Songklan so it is more small (1. smaller) than the other elephant farms in the area.The largest elephant farm of this part of Thailand has 30 elephants! The four elephants here have different backgrounds and personalities . Mao-Mao travelled the most far; he came from Chaing Rai in the north of the country. Changra is the goodest worker, he loves lifting wood. But he's very greedy. He eats a lot more than the others! Selma is the most bad worker, she's very lazy. She's only eighteen years old but each year she gets lazier and more lazier! Tanan is friendlyer than the other elephants; she really loves people.'
Elephant age weight
Changra 22 years old 4500 kg
Selma 18 years old 1750 kg
Mao-Mao 24 years old 5000 kg
Tanan 17 years old 1500 rg
Exercise 83. Write sentences about the elephants. Use information from Exercise and the words in brackets.
(the lightest ) Tanan is the lightest of the elephants.
(the heaviest)
(Changra I younger)
(Selma/older)
(the youngest)
(greedier I the others)
(the friendliest)
Exercise 84. Open the brackets using the comparative form of the adjective and the correct word in italics.
2 years, 2 kilometers, 4 years, 30 meters, 10 centimeters, 5 centimeters, 3 years,
5 kilograms,
1. Our street is .................... than your street (long)
2. This bag is ..._................... than that bag (heavy).
3. My brother is .......... .......... than me (tall).
4. This skirt is .................... than that one (short).
5. My father is .................... than my mother (old).
6. My brother is .......... .......... than me (young).
7. My friend is ............... .... than me (old).
8 Our flat is .......... ·······than your flat.(large).
Exercise 85. Open the brackets using the adjective in superlative degree.
1. It's ..........., day I've ever had (happy) .
2. It's ........... news I've ever heard. (sad).
3. It's ........... film I've ever seen (good).
4. It's ........... car I've ever driven (nice).
5. It's ........... poem I've ever read (long).
6. It's ............, bag I've ever carried (heavy).
7. It's ..... ..... mistake I've ever made (bad).
8. It's ........... story I've ever heard (funny).
9. It's .......... dinner I've ever had (bad).
10. It's ........... man I've ever .met (rich).
11. It's ...... ..........question I've ever answered .(difficult) .
12. It's ..... ........... woman I've ever -spoken to (beautiful).
13. London is...... city in Great Britain (large).
14. Hollywood stars are ......... actors in the world (good).
Exercise 86. Translate the sentences into English.
1. Эта звезда на небе больше, чем ты думаешь.
2. Мой вес меньше, чем ты думаешь. ,
З. Этот журнал новее, чем тот.
4. Эта поэма длинее, чем та.
5. Этот штраф больше, чем прошлый.
6. Эта идея хуже, чем мой план.
7.Твоя история интереснее, чем :эта статья.
8. Мои черные брюки на 3 сантиметра длиннее, чем серые.
9. Моя сестра на 5 сантиметров выше, ·чем я.
10. Моя сестра на 2 года младше меня.
11. Мой дядя ·на пять лет старше моей тети.
12. Мой стол на 10 сантиметров выше, чем стол моего коллеги.
13. Это лучший загородный дом, который я когда-либо видел.
14. Это .самое длинное стихотворение, которое я когда-либо выучил наизусть.
15. Это лучший театр, в котором я когда-либо был.
16.. Это худшая ошибка в моей жизни.
17. Это худший кофе, который я когда-либо пил.
18. Это самый трудный текст, который я ког,да-либо пере.водил.
19. Это самое странное письмо, которое я коrда-либо получал.
20. Самый лучший фильм, который я когда-либо видел.
Additional Text.
Brotherly Love?
Exercise 1. a) You are going to read a true story about two brothers. Work in pairs and look at the photos. How may the following words be significant?
an argument a business a nickname a shoemakera wild cat
the 1932 Olympic games
b) Now read the article and check your ideas.

Exercise 2. Read the article again .Write true (T) or false (F) .
The Dasslers' father was a sportsman .
The brothers first made sports shoes at home.
They argued about the shoes.
They decided to start their own companies .
Puma sells more shoes than Adidas .
People in the town have now forgotten the argument.
Exercise 3. Find the words in the story which mean the following:
provided a product (paragraph 1)
created (an institution/ company, etc.) (paragraph 4)
moved permanently to a different place (paragraph 5)
one or more of the most successful companies (paragraph 6)
Exercise 4. In turns retell the story using the words/phrases from exercise 1 and
the verbs from exe rc ise 3.


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