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Cambridge University Press
Unit 1
Unit 1
Look at the advertisement on a college
notice board. From the information in the
advertisement, can you predict what you are
going to hear?
Look at the Exam task below and decide what sort
of information you need to complete each gap.
Now listen and complete Questions 1–12.
Questions 1–12
Complete the form below.
Write
NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND /
OR A NUMBER
for each answer.
Care for the Community
Applicant details
Name:
Sex:
Female
Occupation:
student at
Brookfields University studying
on
Course (BA).
Contact details
Phone:
Email:
chatbox.co.uk
Availability:
Up to
per week.
Other information
• Reason for applying: Would like
• Area of interest: Children with
Found it
• Perceived strengths: Has excellent
Also listens to people.
arranged for Wednesday .-
September.
Care for the Community
Part-time student volunteers wanted.
Can you spare a few hours each week to help
out in your local community? We urgently
need volunteers to help us run and support
a range of local care services. We especially
need people who can:
- o er care and assistance to the elderly
- help those with mobility problems
- provide support for young people from
disadvantaged backgrounds.
For more information, visit
www.care4thecommunity.co.uk
Cambridge University Press
Getting higher qualifications
Look carefully at your answers and check to
make sure:
you haven’t exceeded the allowed number of
words and/or numbers
your answer is grammatically correct (where
relevant), and/or collocates with the words before
or after the gap (especially in questions 7–.2)
your spelling is correct.
Vocabulary
Dependent prepositions
Complete each sentence with one word from the
rst box and one from the second box. Then
write your answers in the crossword.
available
concentrate
condence
deal
involved
participate
related
reputation
spent
suited
for
with
The college currently has no money
new computers, so we’ll have to make the best of
the old ones.
I’m interested in politics, but I don’t think I would
be
a career in it.
I have complete
my tutor when she
says that she’ll do her best to get us through our
exams.
One thing I’ve learnt is never get
an
argument unless it affects you directly.
During tutorials, I always try to
the
discussion as much as possible.
Mr Wilkinson has a
being the
strictest tutor in the college.
A lot of student illnesses before exams are
stress caused by overwork.
On average, just under a third of a student’s
income is
accommodation.
I tend to
problems one at a time
rather than try to tackle them all at once.
The college library is always so noisy it’s really
difficult to
your work.
Key vocabulary
Complete each gap in this passage with a word
or words from the rst box, and a word or words
from the second box.
brings
channels all of its
common
get to
go on
recruitment
vast
vocational
desire
programme
range
resources
people together
the top
to do
training
For the last two years, I’ve been studying at
the International University in Bampton, which
I believe is one of the best universities in the
country. As well as offering a
of
academic courses, it also runs several
programmes, and is especially well-known for its
computer-programming courses. What I like about
it is that it is a truly international university which
from all around the world. It expects
its students to be hardworking and to show initative,
and it
into ensuring they get the
best education possible. The students all have a
– to get top grades in their subjects –
and many
postgraduate studies before
taking their rst step on the career ladder. Naturally,
many expect to
in their chosen
career. The university has an excellent reputation,
and some of the world’s biggest and most prestigious
companies visit the college each year as part of their
Cambridge University Press
Unit 1
Reading
Section 1
You are going to read a passage about gap years.
Skim the passage. Which of these best describes
the writer’s purpose? Circle A, B or C.
To summarise the main reasons why students take
a gap year.
To explain why some gap year programmes are so
successful.
To illustrate, with examples, one particular
advantage of a gap year.
quali cation in hairdressing. However, she very quickly
began to realise it was not quite what she wanted and
next step. Like many 16-year-old school leavers starting
work for the  rst time, it dawned on her that if you don’t
have quali cations, or the right quali cations, you have
aren’t available to you,’ she says.
Unsure of what her next step should be, Christine decided
to head to Mexico to do voluntary work at a children’s
home. She was there for a year under the auspices
of the International Cultural Youth Exchange (ICYE) –
an organisation which has been running since 1949,
would give her such a sense of con dence and, perhaps
Cambridge University Press
Getting higher qualifications
Now look at Questions 1–13 below and underline
the key words and phrases. Then read the passage
and answer the questions.
Questions 1–5
Do the following statements agree with the
information in the Reading passage?
Write:
TRUE
if the statement agrees with the
information
FALSE
if the statement contradicts the
information
NOT GIVEN
if there is no information on this
The majority of young people who go travelling
during their gap year must work in order to
finance their trip.
Taking a gap year can give young people
time to consider whether or not they want to
continue with their studies.
Questions 6–10
Complete the notes below.
Choose
NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS
from the
passage for each answer.
Christine Samways: ICYE participant
Carried out
in Mexico.
Programme gave her more
in
herself.
Returned to
when she was back
in the UK.
Currently studying
Thinks that
may be a good way
of maintaining her Spanish.
Questions 11–13
Answer the questions below.
Choose
NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS
from the
passage for each answer.
11
According to Agnes Eldad, what do people
need in order to benefit from an ICYE exchange
programme?
12
Who does Agnes Eldad plan to work with
when she finishes her ICYE programme?
13
What does Agnes Eldad have now that she
didn’t have before she came to the UK?
The number of university students has
increased in the last few years.
Christine Samways lacks the right qualities to
be a good student.
Christine Samways believes that if you lack
educational qualifications, your career options
are reduced.
Review your answers. For Questions 6–13, make
sure that you have not used more than the
maximum allowed number of words.
Cambridge University Press
Unit 1
Grammar
used to
would
Student’s Book, page 120
Complete the passage with expressions from the
box. Use each expression once only.
didn’t use to be
used to be spent
used to pour
used to seeing
used to have
would arrive
would go off
would have to
would receive
wouldn’t go
Today, the Park Street Academy is widely recognised
as being one of the best colleges in the country.
However, it
like this. In
fact, it
a very bad reputation.
Students
late, and often they
to classes at all. The college
building was in a terrible state. When it rained,
water
through holes in the ceiling
and the power
suddenly without
any reason. In winter, the rooms were so cold that
you quickly became
people in
classrooms wrapped up like they were in the Arctic.
Then, in 2-.-, a new head teacher was appointed,
and she turned the place around. Strict discipline was
applied at all levels. For example, students who were
late or absent without reason
pay
a nancial penalty, while those who improved their
academic record
rewards in the
form of things like cinema tickets. Meanwhile, money
that
on unimportant things like
computer games for the library was instead used to
repair the building.

Superlative forms
Student’s Book, page 119
Underline the correct words or phrases in bold in
these sentences.
My second
more favourite
favourite
subject
was Art.
My Maths teacher Mrs Jennings was
the least
popular
less popular
teacher in the school.
My English teacher, Mr Clark, was one of the
most
funny
funniest
teachers I have ever had.
Mr Clark probably had the
lowest
most low
rate
of absenteeism in the school.
When he ran the school’s drama club, it had the
greatest number
most number
of members in its
history.
It was the
greatest popular
most popular
activity by far.
Past simple, present perfect simple and past
perfect simple
Complete this passage with the correct form of
the verbs in brackets.
Since it rst opened in 1989, St Darren’s College
(have)
a chequered history. The rst
ve years
(be) slow in terms of student
numbers, but after they
(receive)
an excellent report in 1994, the number of students
applying to the college
rise)
, and
(continue)
to do so each year for
the next eight years. However, in 2002, the college
(see)
a 30% increase in rent.
Nobody at the college
(predict)
this, and they
(have to)
increase
fees. As a result, in 2003, student numbers, which
(rise)
consistently each year since
1994, suddenly
(stagnate)
. They
then
(start)
to fall. By 2007, student
numbers
(fall)
to less than 100.
The following year, with applications at an all time
low, the college
(shut)
down. In
2010, the local council
(take)
over
the buildings, and
(start)
offering
vocational courses. Since then, St Darren’s College
(go)
from strength to strength.

Cambridge University Press
Getting higher qualifications
Writing
Task 1
Look at the graph below and complete this
introductory sentence by arranging the
expressions in the box.
did over a
school leavers
three things that
ve-year period
information about
The graph gives
Complete the rest of the answer with words and
phrases from the box.
by just over
by the same amount
continuous and steady
differences
less marked
more detailed
most noticeable
uctuated
signicant changes
stagnating
the same
At the beginning of the ve-year period, about half of
the school leavers surveyed looked for work. Of the
remaining 5--, 3-- went to university and 2-- took a
temporary break from their education. By the end of
the ve years, however, the gures for those seeking
employment and for those taking a break from their
education had seen
. The former
had fallen
a hundred, while the
latter had risen
. Meanwhile, the
number of school leavers going to university was
as it had been at the beginning of
the period. Overall, the
between the
three groups had become
A
look at the graph reveals that
the number of school leavers going to university
and the number of leavers looking for work
. Between 2--8 and 2-.-, the
former increased while the latter decreased. Then
in 2-.. and 2-.2, the number of those going to
university fell, while after
briey
in 2-.., the number of those looking for employment
rose. The number of school leavers taking a break
from their education saw a
rise.
Overall, the
changes involved the
number of school leavers looking for work and those
taking a break from education. This shows that more
young people planned to enter higher education, even
though they decided to wait a while before doing so.
Now write your answer to this Writing task in
about 20 minutes. Your answer should be at least
150 words long.
The graph below gives the results of a survey
showing what 1,000 young people did after leaving
school between 2008 and 2012.
Summarise the information by selecting
and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
School leavers 2008–2012
300
200
100
0
Looked for work
Took a temporary break from education
The graph below shows the percentage change in
places where students lived over ve decades.
Summarise the information by selecting
and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Types of student accommodation, 1960s–2000s.
40
45
30
35
70
60
65
55
20
25
15
10
5
0
Students hall of residence
Paying guest with a host family
Cambridge University Press
Unit 2
Unit 2
Colour my world
Reading
Section 2
Quickly read the passage below, which is about
the colour purple. Match the names of the people
(1–6) with the thing they do or did (a–e). There is
one person who does not match any of the letters.
William Perkin
August Wilhelm von Hofmann
Simon Garfield
Queen Victoria
Dr Max Luscher
Julia Kubler
believed that colours could be used to treat
illnesses
wrote a biography about an historical figure
uses colours as a form of alternative medicine
invented an artificial dye
taught chemistry
A 19th century research chemist was trying to
Of all the colours, purple has perhaps the most
to the present day, people have sought to harness
An invention to dye for:
Cambridge University Press
Colour my world
Look at Questions 1–14 below, and underline
the key words and phrases. Then look for the
answers in the passage.
Questions 1–6
The reading passage has six sections,
A–F
Choose the correct heading for each section from
the list of headings below.
List of headings
From the laboratory to the High Street
ii
Seeking royal support
iii
An unexpected but fortunate side result
iv
The healing power of purple
An old problem
vi
Standing out from the crowd
vii
Finding an alternative cure for a common
illness
viii
Part of a larger family
ix
An ancient manufacturing practice
Section A
Section D
Section B
Section E
Section C
Section F
Cambridge University Press
Unit 2
Check your answers carefully. For Question
pairs 7–8 and 9–10, make sure you have chosen
TWO answers for each pair. For Questions 11–14,
make sure that you have used no more than
the maximum number of words allowed, your
spelling is correct, and your answers make
grammatical sense.
Questions 7–10
Choose
TWO
letters,
A–E
Questions 7–8
What
TWO
points does the writer make about
the colour purple and purple dye before William
Perkin’s creation?
It was only used to colour clothes.
It was originally produced for Roman
emperors.
It was not easy to make.
There were many different techniques used to
make it.
Some purple dyes were inferior to others.
Questions 9–10
What
TWO
things about William Perkin are true,
according to the passage?
He taught Chemistry at a college in London.
He believed that quinine could be artificially
produced.
He extracted the substance for his dye from a
common plant.
He quickly realised the financial benefits of his
new creation.
He set a new fashion trend for large skirts.
Questions 11–14
Complete the summary below.
Choose
NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS
from the
passage for each answer.
The purple range of colours plays an essential
role in colour therapy, a form of
Colour therapy is said to have originated many
years ago in
and is still used by
colour therapists such as Julia Kubler, who uses
it to
with various health issues.
According to Kubler, purple
aspects of two colours, making it both active and
passive.
Listening
Section 2
You are going to hear the  rst part of a radio
programme about a book on colour. Underline the
key ideas around each gap in the table below and
decide what information you need to listen for.
Now listen to the  rst part of the Listening
passage and complete questions 1–6.
Read questions 7–10 below. Underline the key
words or phrases in the
questions
and
options
Questions 1–6
Complete the table below.
Write
ONE WORD
for each answer.
Spectrum
by Alex Mackenzie
Title of
chapter
Theme
Features
‘The hidden
jungle’
How an
animal’s colour
and shape
can conceal
it when it
hides or
Has some
outstanding
‘A question of
choice’
Why people’s
colour
differ from
others.
test which
involves readers
grading things
based on colour.
‘It’s all in the
How our brain
perceives
colour.
Describes some
that the reader
can do.
Questions 7–10
Choose
TWO
letters,
A–E
Questions 7–8
According to the book, which of these
TWO
effects
are red and orange believed to have on shoppers?
They calm you down.
They make you feel energetic.
They give you an appetite.
They make you feel enthusiastic.
They encourage you to spend more.
Cambridge University Press
Colour my world
Now listen to the next part of the Listening
passage and answer questions 7–10.
Vocabulary
Phrasal verbs
Complete the passage with phrasal verbs from the
box. You will need to change the form of some of
the verbs. In one case, two options are possible.
bring up
carry out come up with end up
 nd out go about narrow down point out
set up start up take up with turn out
turn up work out
Janice loved art, was a keen painter, and dreamt of
becoming a famous artist. However, since she was
in a house surrounded by lawyers
(her father, mother and elder brother all worked
for the family’s legal business), it was generally
expected that she would
doing
the same thing when she � nished university. Her
father frequently
that working as a
lawyer was one of the most satisfying jobs a person
could have, and her mother
special bank account where the money they gave her
Questions 9–10
Which of these TWO colours do people with a
limited amount of money respond to the best?
light blue
purple
orange
pink
red

each birthday could be put aside to see her through
university and law school. Meanwhile, family meals
were
long discussions about the
different types of law she should practise, with her
parents  nally
Janice’s options to
either corporate or family law.
Once at university, it didn’t take her long to realise
that law wasn’t the profession for her, and after just
one year at university she decided to leave education
and
a gallery where she could
sell her pictures. She asked her parents how she
should
running a business like
this, but disappointed with her choice, they refused
to help. They just couldn’t
why
she had given up such a bright and promising future
as a lawyer. Without their support, and without the
right professional contacts, it was inevitable that her
venture
to be a complete disaster,
and she watched in dismay as all the money she had
saved gradually disappeared.
However, she was an optimistic person, and knew
that something would
And one day it did. Through a friend, she
that a local advertising company
was looking for an assistant in their corporate colour
consultancy department. She applied for the job
and was successful. Over the next few months, she
her duties diligently, displaying
a degree of dedication and initiative that really
impressed her employers. Consequently, when
the company started looking for ways to attract
more customers, Janice was one of the people they
consulted. She was able to
lots of
exciting and practical ideas, and as a result, customer
numbers almost doubled within a few months.
Key vocabulary
Complete this passage with words from the box.
In several cases, you will need to change the
form of the word.
except house hypothesis improve notice
purpose scheme set strike way
It has been said that colour can in uence people
in such a
that it can alter their
behaviour. This is an interesting
but how accurate is it? Recently, a prison in the USA
out to test it.

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