Черниховская Н. О. — Английская грамматика и лексика простыми словами — (Real English. Учи Легко и Быстро) — 2013


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-49
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1. =
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1. A . #   & 
........................ 9
2. A    
.......................................19
3.       .  C  D
...........................22
4. =      #  = 
...........................2;
5. Present Fontinuous. G  ,       "
 Present Fontinuous
..............................................29
;. Simple   Fontinuous
............................................37
7. Past Simple (I did)   Present Perfect (I have done)..
25. O    
..............................................115
2;. This/thatQ  ! this is,
thats, that is, these are, those are, they are ...148
27.   a, the. A +     #.
A + =  #
.....................................150
28.  ! noun K noun
.......................................15;
29. A " who/that  = +& = &
......................158
30. % +   & -ed  -ing
.............................1;0
31. Some/any/no, someone (somebody)/anyone (anybody)/no one (nobody),

 

Your English is very good!
Grammar/Unit 1
Unit
    
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SimpleContinuousPerfectPerfect Continuous
(am / is / are doing)
(have / has done)
(have / has been doing)
(was / were doing)
(had done)
 + =#       . $-
Grammar/Unit 1
/ 6$( ') , &(72?  , &0
/ 9,(+ ' (#$ ' 3 "'(.
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Tom lives around here. Do you see him much?
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The bus into town runs every hour.
/ &'"0 & $ %$ ' +,$)
Every day I start work at 8 in the morning.
/ ,$) $( 2   1
/ 8 $ '(* , &0' # $.
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Yesterday I got up
1. Where did you go last year?
/ 0$ &) (#$ * & 37* $0?
2. He didnt tell me that.
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3. When did Mozart die?
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4. What time did the concert start?
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5. Where did your parents live five years ago?
/ 6$( , * '&
6. Where did you learn English?
/ 6$( &) &)0 *  * + ?
Yesterday I called my friend and asked for money.
/ (  3#& *
Did you go out last night? Yes, we went out for a movie.
/ )
When I was in Nice, I hired a car for three days.
/ $  ")*
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Grammar/Unit 1
%!   ? 
Im sorry I cant talk right now. Ill call you later.
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/  ( 3 ($0' 1$  &.
How long will you stay here?
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Where will you be this time next year? Ill be in Toronto.
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Im too tired. I dont think Ill stay up late tonight.
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How long will you stay here? I think well stay here until the next
/ +*2+ &) #$(2 (( 3"0$('(? 901= ) 3"0$( #$(2
I think I will try to help you.
/ 901=  3'12 & 32.
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Dont worry. I think everything will be OK.
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Grammar/Unit 1
1. Yesterday at six oclock in the evening Al was cooking dinner.
/ (-
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( 
1. What were you doing yesterday at 11 oclock in the evening?
/
2. Did you hear what I said? Im sorry. I wasnt listening.
/ ) *)-
 + =#,    =  & =
    :
1. Tomorrow at 3 o'clock I will be walking in the park.
/ &' & '
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Dont disturb me. Im trying to concentrate.
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and having lunch.
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    :
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Grammar/Unit 1
.
/  3'   #+ 0 "'0.
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Ive never been to Paris. They say its a beautiful place.
/  +$
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Have you seen Tom lately? Is he in town? No. He has gone on
/ ) & 3*($ (( &( & $(* ?  & $(? ('.  0(%*
You can give this book back to me when you will have finished
� / ) ,(72 &( 0'2  ( '0 + 0= +$ 3 '(72 ((.
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Grammar/Unit 2
Unit
In January well have been living here for two years.
/   &( "0$('
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+  
 
Why are your hands dirty? Ive been painting the walls in
/ (0 0 '(" # )( 0+ ?  + * '( ) & &(
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He said he had been trying to reach me on the phone for two hours,
/  +#*= ' 3)'*  ( $#& '2 $& =
Youre a great dancer! How long have you been doing that?
I started when I was six years old.
/ ) 3(+  ' 0(72. +*2+ ')
Jane is very tired. She has been working the whole day.
/ 9,(
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He always eats a lot.
Hes always eating a lot
/
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say hello to me.
/
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At the moment Im cooking a
/
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Yesterday we saw a new movie.
Grammar/Unit 2
=
+
1. We have arrived yesterday.
2. Are you working every day?
4. What were you doing every weekend?
5. Did you ever travel in Malaysia?
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit

  .
C   ,     "   -
( ).
2. Your father
( # !)    "
( ).
(& )    "
( ).
/ 8 $ '(* , &0' # $.
   -
/ 7 $ '(* , &0'
/ 8 $ '(* ( , &0'
/ 21 +03 * &01 7 0

Grammar/Unit 3
 = & = &,   ! &     &
     !.
/ E' +03 * 21  37* ($(*(?
/ 21 ( +03 * &01 7 0
/  + 1$ 3 $0'.
A    
      
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/  3 ($0' 1$  &?
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       .
The climate in this region hasnt changed much.
/ * ' & �'
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   & &.
1. Do you speak English? Yes, I do
Yes, I do.
C # . % , +   
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:
Yes, I

/ ' 3 -
Grammar/Unit 3
2. He does remember everything that happened.
/  $( '& '(*2 
      ,   + -s       
He remembers everything that happened.
=    C !   #    
3. He did remember everything that happened.
/  $( '& '(*2 
=   # ,    =  :He remembered everything that happened.
/  3 * &(= ' 3 -
1. Are you a tourist here? Yes,
4. Are they going to be married soon? Yes,
5. Did you bring all the documents? Yes,
6. Will she call tomorrow? Yes,
8. Have the kids been watching cartoons all day? Yes,
9. Was she telling the truth? No,
10. Does she call her parents every day? Yes,
A     
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
12. Was he your friend? No,
13. Does it matter? Oh, yes!
.
3. Im sorry. I apologize for what I said.
. * +,
+       = ?,   , =  =
=       =       /
+ + +
Igoto schoolevery day.
.
Grammar/Unit 4
I go to school every day.
     , 
C    = ?    ,  C 
I go to school every day
C =  
I go to school every day.
Do I go to school every day?
A +"          =  ,
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   -
 
 
     =  :
 
(
&   -
 -  ).
Grammar/Unit 5
Unit
 -
Heres your coffee. / ' &7 +(.Heres your purchase. / ' &7 3+03+.Here are my friends! /  &' 
    +  -
)* # )  *  '( *
.  _  : Wheres Jack? /
6$( 9,(+?
Hes is talking to his boss at
/  $ ) ( ' 
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     . 
      
.
Im taking a course of Italian
now. Its very interesting.
/ ( -
#   ( =#    =       = ), 
Grammar/Unit 5
 
/ &'  *(0 &  ,.
/  $ ) ( ' ; #
Where are you staying?
Im staying at a hotel.
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The police cant find the suspect. Hes living out of the country at
/ *   ( ,('  ' 3$#(&(.  , &(' #
)* # )  *  '( *
 Continuous
+

Grammar/Unit 5
    ,    " C !  "
assume, guess, see, hear, smell, taste, look, have.
    
I was knowing
'   
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I think its very important.
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Im seeing my lawyer tomorrow.
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Grammar/Unit 5
( =  =#,    -
     
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You look wonderful!
/ ) 3(+  &)*$ '(!
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3. That man is very rich. He has a lot of property.
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(
     
Yesterday at three oclock I was having lunch.
/ ( & ' 
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2. You (look) wonderful today!
4. Tom is out. He (have) lunch at the moment.
6. Hello? Sir? Can you (hear) me? Im sorry I (not listen). Can you
say it again?
7. You (have) a lot of friends? No, not a lot.
Grammar/Unit 6
Unit
8. Hes not very rich. He (not have) much money.
10. You (see) that bank? The ATM is inside the bank.
Present Continuous FIm doingH
  =   =##,
Im seeing my lawyer tomorrow at five.
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Were going on a business trip next Friday.
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What time does the DayBreak show start?
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Were going out for a movie tonight. The movie starts at 8 pm.
(  =
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What time do we arrive in Madrid? We arrive in Madrid at
/  +*2+ &) 3 ")&('( & 8$ $? / 8) 3 ")&( & $(&'2
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(=   =     =#).
What time will you finish work today? /
Present Continuous FIm going toH
  ,  =   ? -
6+_    :
Grammar/Unit 6
Were going out
( :
We're going to go out to-
 +
    =?.  -
/ ( 
next year.
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What will you do next weekend? Im not sure. I will probably pay
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I think Im going to lay down for an
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   +?, +
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  :
ing to stay here?

How long will you stay here?
%=    
How long will you stay here?
� / +*2+ ' "0$('  ( ' '2?
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We plan to go out tomorrow night.
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Grammar/Unit 6
3. What you (do) next week? I think I (take) a day-off.
4. The situation is very complicated. It (be) hard to find a way out.
7. When did you arrive?
Thursday.
How long you (stay)?
Until next Friday.
9. Theres a very interesting program on TV tonight. What time it
13. Do you want to take on this job? Sure. OK. You (start) on
Monday.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
Present Perfect FI have doneH.

= ,     +"
 + =#,      _    _ 
 
+     = &,    & -
+,
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 2007  =  .=.
Last year I went to Germany.
/  37* $0  (#$ * & 6( 1.
/  @ACI $0 ( $ '(-
/ E' &) $(** & &)%$ )(?
/  3#& *  ( 3'2  0'
Grammar/Unit 7
+  "  ="?
)* # )  *  '( *

  "  -
) ")* & ; $ (?
  ,    
Were you to London?
It has stopped raining. We can go
/ 9,$2 3(+' *. 8) ,(
/ 9,$2 3(+' *
Grammar/Unit 7
Ann has gone. She will be back by Monday.
/ F 0(%*.
/ '
 -  !,        ?,
Youre bleeding. Whats happened?
/ '(" $(' +&2. E' *0-
I cut my finger with a knife.
/  3(#* 3*( ,.
How did you do that?
� / + ') ' $(**?
  =  D
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You speak English very well! Where did you learn it?
/ ) %7
I spent five years in the US.
/  3&(* 3'2 *(' & P.
)* # )  *  '( *
/ *(
You have to call them and check up on the vacancies.
/ )
Ive already called them.
/  0,( #& * .
Grammar/Unit 7
/ ) # ('(= ' ( ($,( ' +3
I already know that.
� /  0,( ' # 1.
2. You ever (be) to Australia?
.....................................................................................................................
4. I was trying to reach you on the phone. Where you (be)?
7. The Second World War (end) in 1945.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
,         +  =  "
+ + +
 #

=,
 =,
 =-  ,
+ ,
,
  + ,
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=#  ,    = ,
  ,
=  ,
= 
yet
Ive always wanted to live on a deserted island.
/  &($ %'(*
ed to live on a deserted island always
/  Q ' ' $0' $,$
/   3'( +$ ( ")&('  (
It snows never in Egypt
Hes a very good son. He really loves his mother.
/  ( 2 %7
/ ) +$- "0$2 & $(*
(      #       
Grammar/Unit 8
 =  = ?
Hes only seven years old. Hes just a kid.
/ 0 &( * 72 (2 *('.
Hes seven years old only
/ (' = + 3 $(' $,$2
Youre definitely wrong.
/ 3($(*( = &) ( 3&)
Youre wrong definitely
( * "  '   , +"?     ++?),      (,$0 3$*(,  )*&) **  
They are happily married.
/ 
Thats a very nice restau-
/ F'
This item is fragile. Be careful. You
can easily break it.
/ F' ( 2 %03+
  =    .
You can easily break it
    -
  !   :
You can break it easily.
  
He will readily do it for you.
� /   '& '21 $(*(' ' $* &.
     ! = 
)* # )  *  '( *
Were only human.
/ 8) &( * 72 *1$ .
/   (  ,( .  
That man was amazingly tall.
/ ' 0,  ")* 3# '(*2 
I really liked it there. They were totally nice to me.
/ 8 ( ( 2
/  ' 30'(7('&01 $ 4 3 ("(=
This is absolutely unbelievable.
/ � ' &(7(  (&#, 
2. I call just to say: "I love you."
4. They were married happily for ten years. After that they happily
5. Youre right absolutely.
Grammar/Unit 9
Unit
8. The windshield wipers are moving very slowly.
*-  *-  &* 
C 
*    = .  -
  # 
   =-
If youre hungry, go to the supermar-
)* # )  *  '( *
hungry
If you will be hungry
...
If you're hungry...
If it's cold outside, we will not go out. / *  0* ( "0-$(' %*$ = ) ( 3 $( 0*'2.
,
.

  "

C =   +-
Grammar/Unit 9
( _=_ ), = + =    -
(=?-- _=_),   :   -
  
-
,
.
If you were hungry,
,
.
     
)* # )  *  '( *
([  
/ * ")  ")*  '&( (-
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/ * ') #+  72   ($ = 3#&  (  #"(0 '("  "')
I would never marry this guy if I were you.
/  ") +$ ( &)7*
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(    : "=
/ * ') "0$(72
Grammar/Unit 9
If we didnt hurry, we would be late for the flight.
/ * ") )
/  ") +$ ( '*
What would you do, if you won a million dollars in a lottery?
/ E' ")
/  
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/   ")
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)* # )  *  '( *
/   ") $(*'2 3(+ 01 +2(0= (* ") (0 0'2 "*27( &(#*.
/  ( & $(* '(". * ")  '(" & $(*= + ( =  ") 3#$&*.
I talked to John yesterday. If I had known he was in trouble, I would
/  #& &*  9,  &(. * ")
If Tom hadnt been gone, he would have been signed up for a train-
pay her back.
Grammar/Unit 10
Unit
.....................................................................................................................
9. We would go out if the weather (be) nice.
.....................................................................................................................
/ ,(*  ( 0$ .
  =    , +     . `
)* # )  *  '( *
/ '(* ")  & 32
/ '(* ")
     _  ,   -" + =    =  = _=_ :I wish I could help you.  I wish I could have helped you.
 =  #   :
/ R*2= '  (  & 32.
/ (  %$ * 
/ ;07( ")  +$ ( ( # *.
/ '(* ")  ")'2  '&( ('(.
=    =  -
   & !&    
Grammar/Unit 10
/ * ")  '*2+  &$ '2 7 0!
/ * ")  '*2+ # *= ' ')
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
3. I dont know his email. I want to write him. I wish I (know) his
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
  #   "    -
       -

   #      -
does not go
=   = :
She goes to school every day.
/   %$ ' & 7+*0 +,$) $( 2.
She does not go to school every day.
/   ( %$ ' & 7+*0 +,$)
did not study
=   = :
My friend studied in New York for five years.
/ 8 $0 0 * & 21-
My friend did not study in New York for five years.
/ 8 $0 ( 0 *
Grammar/Unit 11
"       ?" -

+ , +
 =

=
,  ( = ? )
,
= , = 
= , = 

(     !    
 ( ( +#*.W=  " = ! ( 
( = !
2. He didnt say anything
( = !

.
)* # )  *  '( *

!   
1. We barely know each other.
/ 8) 3' ( # ( $0 $0.
/  (  37(&(*2 0'2.

  ##, "     ! &  ,    #-  =      = !. $: +$ +0 ( ( +,0. C #  + !.  # #  =   = :I will never say anything to anybody
( = !
4. Your handwriting is terrible. I cant understand anything.
Grammar/Unit 12
Unit
7. I havent never been to Greece. They say its a beautiful place.
9. Dont say that to no one, OK?
can, may, might, must, could, should
Can she do it? Yes, she can do it.
/ �  ,(' ' $(*'2? 9=
(:
)* # )  *  '( *
May I sit here, please?
may I to sit
/ + ,(' 3 ' $,$2.
He should not stay out in the cold.
/ 0 ( *($0(' '&'2  %-
should not to stay
/ ( * ") &)  ( 32?
You must tell me where he lives.
/ ) $*, ) +#'2  (= $(  , -
kn]           -  . !  +-= (- ' (
;   "    
(#  ,  , #   )  -
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W=  =  ="?:
  
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=   &.
/ � ( 0 ' +03 '2. F' * 7+
.
Grammar/Unit 12
meɪ]   +-          :1.  / = _ =  + -  You may not smoke here. There are children in the room.
/ ) ( -
) ( (('( #( 7( .
may
+    
You cant
May I sit here, please?
/  0 #$(2 ('2?
My friends may be coming here soon.
/ #, = + 1$
He may be interested in this option.
/ #, = (0 "0$(' '(-
maɪt]   +-   ,     -

   -
1. It's Monday. There might be a lot of traffic today.
/ ($  3 ($(*2-
  .
/  ,(' ( &( 0'2.
  , +   .
)* # )  *  '( *
mʌst]   (- * (         - 1. ")'2 "# ) '-* " $(*'2Q  C  + must 
Everyone must be responsible for what he or she does.
/ ,$) $*-
He worked hard all day. He must be very tired.
/  "'* &(2 $( 2.
kʊd] #       can;      -     1.    !&,    & + =     =#-
He couldn't start the car because there battery was low.
/  ( 
    & = &, +    -
Grammar/Unit 12
) be very tired.
5. He is very smart. It (
6. Were running out of gas. We (
7. My battery is low. (
should
+ be doing
Wheres Jack?
/ 6$( 9,(+?
)* # )  *  '( *
Hes working in his office, I guess.
/  "'(' 0 ("= &( (.
No! He cant be working! Hes on vacation at the moment.
/ ('!
=  -
Why are you here? You should be working!
/ (0 &) #$(2? )
/ E'  $(*('?  =
/ E' 
3($3*,( ( * (+( $ 1 '  '(*2  37*,          =    -   !" have done:couldshould
+ have done / have been doing
/  ( 
You should have taken his telephone number. We cant contact him
/  *($&* &#'2 ( ( '(*( . (  ) ( ,(  
I havent heard from Tom lately. He must have left town.
/  3*($ ((
Grammar/Unit 12
Did he live here once?
/  +$-' , * #$(2?
I dont know much about his life. But he might have lived here,
/  (   # 1  ( , # = = + ( =   #$(2 , '2.
1. Tom is not around. He must (go) on vacation.
2. Liz is always on time. She couldnt (be) late for her class yesterday.
4. I ate too much. The food made me sick. You shouldn't (eat) so
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
6. The sand on the beach is dry. It couldnt (rain) all night.
7. The police stopped me. You shouldnt (drive) so fast.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
9. Jim said that he was going to play tennis this weekend. Its Saturday.
Jim must (play) tennis now.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
*&+ &'* #
 =  =  &  #   
Ill try to help you.
/  3'12
/ E' ') "0$(72
by Monday.
/ � #+ ' '0 "'0
/ +*2+
Grammar/Unit 13
   !&,    &  -
/ Q0$2'( $")= 3$3 7 '( #$(2.
/ Q0$2'( $")= '+ '( + .
/ Q0$2'( $")= 3#& '(  ( 3#,(.
    = 
    +!
  :
 & = &     :
/ (& ") +03 * &) $= (* ") 0 ( ")* $''  $( (.
I would never say anything like that.
/  ") +$ ( +#* (
  # +   _=_ :
He said he would
/  +#*= ' +$ "*27(
Ten years ago I lived in a small house outside the city. There was a
fireplace in that house. Every night I would light up a fire and stare at the
/ 9('2 *(' #$  , * & *( 2+ $( # $.  $( ")*
)* # )  *  '( *
C  = #   . %     ="?& -
A  

=    =? :
� /  3$01 " ' #&'.
We shall overcome one day.
/ $ ,$) ) 3"($ 
 C  +
  

    #   
+    -
/ E'  ( '(3(2 $(*'2?
/ 0$  (%'2?
/ 8 ( #" &'2 $* &?..
/ E' 
2. (
3. (
) we invite them to our birthday party?
) definitely marry you.
5. My grandmother was a religious person. Every Sunday she
Grammar/Unit 14
Unit
,      + ? (   +-
My parents used to live in the city center, but five years ago they
moved to the countryside.
/ 8 $ '(*  27( , * & ( '( $=
)* # )  *  '( *
    !
 
(
/  27(
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Grammar/Unit 15
Unit
/ 8 ,(  %('=
/ '( 9,(+
/  '(*2 %('= '") )
/ E' ') %(72= '")
believe

I didnt expect him to be nice to me. But he was very nice. It was
/  ( , $*= '  "0$(' $" +  (.   ")* ( 2 $".
/ � +' ( , $*= ' '
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
Everyone believed the man to be dead, but somehow he sur-
/ ( $0* = ' 0,  3 "=   ++ -' "# &), *.
� /  ( &( '= ' ' 3&$.
Grammar/Unit 16
/  #'& * (  3&( '2 (
/  #'& * (  +03 '2
/ 9,(+ #'& * (( #& '2
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
1. %    ? (= ?).
     = -
suggest + doing
suggest that...
Grammar/Unit 17
 3($*1 '("( 33-
/
I suggest you to take a vacation
/  3($*, *  &#'2
Its nice weather today. I suggest that we go out.
/ ($ 
It was very nice weather. He suggested going out.
/ Q)* 3(+ 
   -
suggest     _=_# ,    # + =  -

+?   
You should take a boat trip down the river. /
 #
to do
My boss advised me to buy another suit. My old one didnt look
/ Q 3(+( $&*  ( +03 '2 &) +'1. 8 ') +'1
)* # )  *  '( *
I wouldnt recommend staying at that hotel. /
� /  ") ( (+( $&* '('2 ''  *2. F' 30' ''
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Grammar/Unit 18
Unit
C  = #   ,   #  , +  -
+  =   
You should be careful finding a date
/ ("( *($0(' # + '2 &
You shouldnt sleep so late. You
/  ( *($0(' 3'2
Your boss is a tough man. You should
/ & "
The police stopped me on my way home. I was doing 70 miles per
hour. You shouldnt have been driving so fast.
/ *   ' & *
)* # )  *  '( *
You shouldnt have said that. It was the wrong thing to say.
/ ("(
/ 
You shouldnt have come here. Nobody wants to see you.
/ ("(
I didnt sleep well last night. Im feeling tired now. You should
/  3*% 3* 37* 21.  ( 
 " = 
 +  ,  C   
     -
/  *0-
   
/
  =    , +   = -
/ ,( $ $'2 &. 
    +" 
Grammar/Unit 18
You should take a few driving lessons.
.................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
5. Did you give him money? He will not pay you back! (you, not give
.....................................................................................................................
7. I want to speak good English. (you, practice every day)
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
Would you like tea? No, Id rather have coffee.
/ ( %(72
Its nice weather today. Id
/  *07( &)321 1=  ( +(.
Id rather
   -
/ 8 (
Grammar/Unit 19
I made research on average income in Sweden. It turns out that
I cant live with her any longer. Shes just driving me crazy all
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit

2. How many copies should I make? Two or three? (three copies)
3. What do you want to do now stay here or go home? (stay
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
C
  
  ? , 
Grammar/Unit 20
+ =#        =  ? ,
   .
'   .
'   .
, "Q
=Q

 Q
+Q
+Q
 + =  ,
Q
= +Q
 = Q
 = Q

  .
  K ing
/ 8 ( & ' 30'(7('&&'2.
/  3($3 '('
Do you like dancing? Oh, I love dancing! /
("( & '
/ E(*&(+ &  ( 7 ( *($ * #  . $  *
/  +#*  ( " '2
)* # )  *  '( *
I dont remember locking the door. I think Ill go back and check
/  ( 3 1= #+)* *  $&(2. 901=  ( $ &( 0'2 3&( '2.
stop doing@ try to do try doing
     , +    &  -
I like doing,    =, + & & ' �$(*'2 '-* "= &) 3*0('( ' ' 0$&*2'& (:1. I like traveling. / 8 ( & ' 30'(7('&&'2.
I like to do,   =, + # ('(2 �'  $&*2  '= 30'(7('&  $* & 3 &) ( # ' (,  C        C = . # :2. I like to wake up early in the morning.*     =   : '      .
j +  "   .
      , +  =#.
Grammar/Unit 20
Im trying to stop smoking.
/  3)'12 " '2 +0 '2.
/ 

.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
4. Jack never liked (go to parties). He always thought it was a waste
+       =  ,   +  -
/ + (' '= '") 3 '
(  :
/  3($3 '1  ''2
/   3$0)&(' 
Shes thinking
Grammar/Unit 20
After a short pause, he went on talking about his adventures. /
Thanks for driving me home. Thanks for taking me out. Thanks for
Have a problem Theres no point in
This laptop doesnt have enough memory. Its not worth buying. /
Its a very good movie. Its worth seeing. /
)* # )  *  '( *
    & 
go shoppinggo sightseeinggo fishing
go snorkelinggo swimminggo skiing
=   =  
Wheres Jack? Hes gone fishing to Norway with his friends.
/ 6$(
Kate went out shopping yesterday and got back at midnight.
/ ( '
Every day we went snorkeling to a coral reef.
/ ,$) $( 2 )
Grammar/Unit 21
Unit
.....................................................................................................................
do.

)* # )  *  '( *
Im wearing sun glasses to protect my eyes from the sun. /
� /  3#& * & 3& 01 3'= '") 0# '2  3 ")&7 %
My boss is not the right person to make fun of. /
% , +   & &   !    
 = !      ?" = 

 & =    ?-
Grammar/Unit 21
My father has bad eyes. He uses glasses for reading. /
The young couple went to the Seychelles for a honeymoon. /
We went out for a movie last night. It was a total waste of time. /
Tap water cannot be used for drinking. /
[  !   !  = + = ,   -
say hello.
find my friends.
 =
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
read over the weekend.
make some money.
5. We need a place
stay overnight, so we went to
do here. Im awfully bored.
surfing.
she could go to study in
warn us about the danger.
find out the truth.
using in hot water.
celebrate their wedding an-
niversary.
make sure hes OK.
a walk.
*&+ ' # '*).
 #    =  = =      
Grammar/Unit 22
Q
, Q
Q
&Q
Q
,
, ,  Q
   =. =
  . = (, +)Q

 Q
into
, , Q
=,
 =Q
c, +         = (,
= 
 C 
W=   =
Yesterday we were at our friends party.
W=   = ! =
)* # )  *  '( *
 C  +     D W=   =  
/  '
  ##   -
  = 
Grammar/Unit 22
See you on Monday
See you Monday
( = 
We arrived at 5.30 pm
( =  
We arrived 5.30 pm
/  &( 02 ((# 3'2  0'.
Ill be back five minutes
 ( ') $0(72?
The man you talked to is a royalty
The man to who
you talked is a royalty
/ +( ') ")*?
/ 0$ ') (# '+ $*?
/ R( =
/ F' + =  +'  '("(
/  ( ') & 72?
/ 9* (  & 0,( ?
/ F' &(= $* ( 0  ('2 &(
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
1. =   = .
.....................................................................................................................
     =  .

 =  #   
Grammar/Unit 23
Jack worked as a truck driver for ten years.
 +
   =   + 
for ten years. He said it was a hard
/ 9,(+ "'* &$ '(*( 0#-
(% =#    -
2. Mr. Fisherman is very productive
/ + *&
3. My boyfriend gave me this watch as a birthday present.
/ 8 $0
    =   =  =.)
 =
  , +    +-
/  
Youre acting like a child.
/ ) &($(72 ("
($   =     .)
 3 $' ) 3($*,( (,        & = 3$*(,(( +#0((,    =  as. [  -
)* # )  *  '( *
/ 9(* = ++ '("( &' 4

/ + &(  $0#2=

/ + *1-

4. Everything happened exactly as I wanted to.
/ ( 3 #7* ( 

5. As you can see, its a very old house.
/ �+ & $ '(= ' ( 2 '-

6. Youve got to do it like this.
/ ) $*,( $(*'2 &' '+ 4

7. Your English is excellent! I wish I could speak like you.
/ '("

/ ( #& &    '+ 4

/ +  0,( & *=  #$(2 (
      ,
1. You sound like youre my mother.
/ ) & 72    '+= *& 
/  &)*$ ' '+= *&  0 (
Grammar/Unit 23
/ + ") =  &)7(* # $ & @N & 3& *  "'0
/ + &) # ('(=
You must do as you promised.
/ ) $*,( $(*'2 '+= ++ "(*.
)* # )  *  '( *
Everything happened just as I thought.
/ ( *0 *2 '+= ++ 
/
any woman of her age, she wanted to be married and have
a mechanic at a textile factory.
.............
you can understand, this is a very complicated case, sir.
4. The story is
old
this town.
5. The girls eyes were shining
diamonds.
you.
gold, but in fact, its not.
coffee.
9. Mr. Wright acted
the companys director for six months.
10. Youre acting
youre my wife. Stop doing that!
11. He did everything
it was expected of him.
.............
always, Jack forgot to sign in when he arrived at his of-
fice. (sign in )
that?
a real movie star.
I thought, Liz failed her exams.
16. Were having a party tomorrow night. Do you want to come
a very good idea to me.
Grammar/Unit 23
.............
you probably know, they have been married for almost
two years now.
a simple man, but in fact, hes a famous
19. Are you OK? You look
they dont care about anything.
  
    #  ,  -
/ $  &7(*=  $'* 3 '-
  +
   =   -
As I didnt speak any English, I didnt understand what he was trying
to say.
/ +*2+0  &( ( & * 3- * + =  ( 3 *= '  3)-
    !
Try to be as good as you can be.
/ '  ")'2 '*2+
/ � $(* ' '*2+ ")'= +*2+
/   ")* '+
   

)* # )  *  '( *
/ 8, 
You sound as if you know everything.
/ ) #& &(72 '+=
/  3'(*  ( =
/ ' +
/  '+
       _=_ , 
+?  " 
You sound as if you were my mother. = You sound like youre my
1. Your friend has an attitude about the way she looks. She acts
she is the most beautiful woman in the world.
he was the only driver in town. He totally
3. Try to be
good
you can be.
soon
possible.
he had nothing to say.
fast
you can.
Grammar/Unit 24
Unit
happy happier
' ' *)*- (.
)* # )  *  '( *
  =  &    & = &    
 , +  =   
/
/
Grammar/Unit 24
/  '12= ++ 0= '") 32
2. Jack is not sure if he can do well at the test, but at least he will try.
CN Tower in Toronto is taller than Ostankino Tower in Moscow. /
Your work is easier than mine. /
Youve already got a lot of money. You dont need more. /
)* # )  *  '( *
�' - ' *)*- (/ + 
 ,  =     +   = -#   a. $:1. Do you have a smaller bill? / & ('2 +031 ( 27( ( ' ?2. I need a bigger size of these jeans. / 8 ( 0,( "*27 #(
Grammar/Unit 24
/ E( ")'(( ') ($(72=
 =
/ F'  *$7 (-
/ �' '' (-
the oldest / the youngest

) '7 / ) *$7 :
1. Jerry was the youngest kid in the family. He was only five years
/ 9,( ")* ) *$7  ("( + & (2(. 0 ")* &( 3'2
2. The oldest employee in our company is Mr. Robson. Hes 65 years
  ,  = + =    &.
   ?    -
)* # )  *  '( *
5
 
. $:
any more / no more, any longer / no longer
 =
  "  ! & = &.
"     =  # 
1. You can take this book. I dont need it any more. /
�'0 + 0. 8 (   "*27( ( 0, .
Grammar/Unit 24
3. Youve been keeping me waiting for two hours now! Im not going to
     !  # . $:
/ E' '-
What \s
]addawey5.
3. This hotel is awful. I will not stay here (long).
6. I like this place very much. I wish I could come here (often).
8. Hes made (little) money this year than he did last year.
)* # )  *  '( *
you will try.
to please his boss.
do you think it will take?
4. How are you feeling today? Im feeling a lot
than
yesterday. Thanks for asking.
we know.
brother John. John is 27. And Im 23.
kid in the family. Hes only two years old.
Grammar/Unit 25
Unit
12. Im sorry, maam. We dont have change. Do you by chance have
bill?
place to live.
Phrasal Verbs
,   , "  "  " =-
$( )*)*(
)* # )  *  '( *
in the middle of the night.
2. Someone broke into Marshas car while she was gone and stole her
Jack and Jill dated for six months. After
Grammar/Unit 25
check in / checkEin
were traveling on the same flight to Tel Aviv. /
)* # )  *  '( *
last week and Im
0# '2 3  ( &+  .
2. All employees in our company have to show up for a medical check-
up every six months. /
Were going out for dinner tonight. Do you want to come along? /
If you say a lot of vulgar jokes, you come off as stupid. /
Grammar/Unit 25
)* # )  *  '( *
2. Ted Browns name was crossed out from the list of privileged part-
1. You should cut down on fatty foods if you want to be skinny. /
Grammar/Unit 25
+ ': 0$ & 0,  (%'2?
You can drop me off on the corner
)* # )  *  '( *
2. That woman is very sly. Be careful not to fall for her tricks. /
Grammar/Unit 25
I would stay away from her if I were you. /
)* # )  *  '( *
Grammar/Unit 25
)* # )  *  '( *
We hung out on the beach
Grammar/Unit 25
A friend of mine is coming over from London. Im going to hang
$ 3 '(*2 3 (#,(' # ; $ .  "0$0 3&$ '2
Diane said you helped her out a couple of times while I was away on
)* # )  *  '( *
Grammar/Unit 25
)* # )  *  '( *
You got a new job and were asked on a date the same day. Things
Vhe _orning `lory5
Grammar/Unit 25
Jane always wears make-up when she
When I see teens making out on the subway, it makes me sick. /
)* # )  *  '( *
Grammar/Unit 25
)* # )  *  '( *
You chose this job. Now you have to put up with all of the hardships. /
1. Im running out of cash. I need to find an ATM to pull out some
2. Were running out of gas. We need to stop for gas. /
 #+  -
Monica wants to buy a new car. Shes been saving up for a year. /
Grammar/Unit 25
1. Fred bought a Ferrari last week.
Now hes driving around showing
  37* ($(*(. (   (#$ '
3&1$0 %&'(' &( & -
/ 8 ( ( & ' L($.  *1" '
We invited ten people to the party, but only four of them showed
8) 3 * *  &(( +0 $('2 (*&(+=  3 7* '*2+ ( ')(.
Helena was shocked when she learned of her fathers death.
(*(  ")* 3'( = +-
1. He sat back in the chair and closed his eyes. /
2. Are we going to sit back and wait until they take over our
/ 8) '= "0$(  $('2 ,$'2= 3+  ( #%&'' 7
" # (?
)* # )  *  '( *
I stayed up until midnight.
Slow down! Youre driving too fast! /
stay up until midnight. /
going to stay up all night. /
Switch off the light. I want to lay
Grammar/Unit 25
2. Two people at the party: /
)* # )  *  '( *
Grammar/Unit 25
� / Q **0 3 7*2 '+* '2 ' 3($*,( (  "'(. '  
2. Two friends talking: /
)* # )  *  '( *
Wait up! I cant move so fast. /
This project has already taken us a long time. Were going to wrap up
Grammar/Unit 25
+  , =Q
 + =
+ -  Q  -

(  )
( , = " -
My cash is almost finished. I need to find an ATM to pull out
(Im running out of cash.)
1. Graig liked Sally the first time he saw her. One day he invited her
.....................................................................................................................
2. Someone opened the door of Nates car without his permission and
.....................................................................................................................
3. Mike and Nancy dated for two years. Then they decided to stop
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
6. Were going to the movies tonight! Do you want to come with us?
.....................................................................................................................
Grammar/Unit 25
14. Tom has been working non-stop for the past two months. He badly
.....................................................................................................................
16. Its late. We need to leave this place.
17. Sorry about my co-worker interrupting. Please, continue.
18. I studied your writing and I found a couple of mistakes.
.....................................................................................................................
23. Tom was fired after he was caught stealing.
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
28. I saw you kissing and hugging with that guy in the park. Who is he?
29. Liz and Jon argued last night. Today they have already became
.....................................................................................................................
30. I know that the past year was not easy for you. But its over now.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
33. Stopping at the roadside is a part of a driving test.
Grammar/Unit 25
34. Sue is so lazy. She always postpones whatever she has to do.
35. What can I do? I have to tolerate the circumstances.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
project? Youve got to take action!
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
44. We have a very good offer for a study session in December.
We can give you a fifty percent discount, if you sign up now. What do you
say to that?
I dont know. I need to discuss it with my parents first.
.....................................................................................................................
47. Be careful! There are a lot of crazy drivers in this city. They never
.....................................................................................................................
48. The police are finishing their investigation on the robbery.
    +#    . $:Put down the phone. / *, '(*( .
/ *, (.
/  3 * * 4&)&(*5 &1 $(&07+0
/  (( 3 * * 4&)&(*5
/ ' '( &)( &-
/ ' '( %.
Grammar/Unit 25
/ 8 ( 0,  "-
� / 8 ( 0,  "0$ '2 '  $ '(* .
.....................................................................................................................
2. Excuse me! Can I try on these jeans, please?
.....................................................................................................................
4. Turn off the computer. Its making too much noise.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
6. Dont give up your research. You're almost finished.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
   
 =  
/  ")
� / '  ' &(')! ( 3&$ * =  + &)(?
/ ( 0+ '& ?
 "   !&
this is / thats
   ?"   & "  + -    " + -  .
Grammar/Unit 26
ItOs / this is / / thats
     ?  = -
itOs / this is / thats
+   = #  
(  = 
    #+& &,
these are / those are
,   
  .
.
$:
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
2.   +@ G=  &  D j   & 
.....................................................................................................................
4. A    C  D
.....................................................................................................................
5. * + &  _#  . ,    .
 = #  
= #  
Grammar/Unit 27
   !&,  =:
 
     +  ? :
Its nice weather today.
/ ($  3(+  3$
-
).
 
     ?    -
$ = #  
   +  ?-
)* # )  *  '( *
 =  
      +  ?-
/ 7*)
  =      #  (  " #   ="-
/  1 $&(2 3'0* ++ -' (*&(+.  ")* 3%,  (' -
     #   ,  C 
/  %**( '(* (  ,$*
     
Turn on the television, please.
/ ,*0 '= &+*1 '(*(& #.
(    , + =  -
=   + =    !, =&     =:
/  ("( ")* '0
Grammar/Unit 27
/  -
  & = # "   &:
/ F' ")* (
Liz Taylor was one of the most beautiful actresses in Hollywood.
/ ; #
( * ")* $  # )% + &)% +'  6** &0$.
/ �  &+0  ($ ' (  *2-
     , :
  ,        =&     :
/
the USA
/
  = Q
     :
the Middle East
/
   &       & !#,    -
/
/
the Hima-
layas
/
6 *
the Seychelles
/
/
  = Q
  ,  #,  
/
/
/
the Danube river /
/
/
/
  = Q
       + 
/ 9,  ) 7 ')( $0#2.

   &  #:
the moon; the sun; the Mona Lisa; the Great Pyramids; the Great Wall
  !#:
/
/
/
)* # )  *  '( *
      = +&  ,     :
 = Q
'  (  )Q
!
% (  )
"    , +       any, some,
You can use some ice in your beverage.
/ ) ,(72 $"& '2 *($
/  37* ($(*( ( ")*
cappuccino, please?
Atlantic and reached
America.
.............
Red Sea is one of
best places for diving.
Middle East?
UN as
chief representative.
.............
Eiffel Tower is
symbol of
Paris.
.............
Danube river was contaminated with chemicals during
red sludge spill in
Hungary last year.
.............
hotel we stayed at was very nice. The problem was that
tap-water couldnt be used for drinking.
sun was shining through
clouds.
man on
train
11. Suddenly I noticed
red star moving in
dark sky.
12. Last year I went to
Malta. I took
course of English
language school there.
big park outside the hotel.
Grammar/Unit 27
regular customer in this shop. He used to
spare parts for his automobile.
16. I wasnt lucky yesterday. My
job interview didnt go down
money, too.
/  *2 + '$(* +$&.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
(?   K ?-
� / + +321'(
/ 3 # 3$)
/ ('  +*$(
(:
/ ( ($,( 3 3$,
 #   -
/ # ' ' *  4* (# ' ) +(5
/ "(3(( ( &$
/ '0 ' (+( 3&*( (
/ (7( (= +'( 3 (' & 3*($
/ 80#( +* (+ % 7
China Machinery Exhibition Center
/ )'& ) ( ' + ' -
/  #  "O($ ( )% 
the World Trade Center
/ (  ) '&) ( '
/ U( '*2 ( #&($)&-
/ 3& * $,  $& ,( 
Grammar/Unit 28
eye contact
/ # '(*2 ) + '+'
/  *2 0,&
/ #&(#$ + 
/ 7+* / +0) ' )% #)+&
/ &'" *2  & 
/ 32  $%
=    , +       +,
   & =     =  / =&. *     -
_  ## =      -
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
     =_  ? 
/ ;1$ = +')(
/  3 '* + 0=
.
that
.
=     &  +&,  =  = ?  =". $-
/
/
The computer that I bought last year is broken now.
/ 321'(=
Grammar/Unit 29
The subject we discussed last time is very interesting.
/ (=
/ E(*&(+=
Were looking for a journalist who covers problems of big cities.
/ 8)
/ 9( 2 = +')( ')
/ = +'01 ) & $(* 3 '(*(& #0 37*)
/  ( # 1=
 
was injured in the accident is in the hospital
we saw on TV last night was very
I bought last year.
worked in this company has been fired.
I dont like.
you gave me last week covers the latest
stopped me on the road didnt tell me
you signed in that deal were fake.
covers problems of big cities.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
 
     #  (=  -
  -
/  
(-
(-
/ +
(+"?#)
(+#)
/  
( -
( -
/  + 
( + #)
( + "?#)
/ _  
(_  #)
(_ "?#)
/   
(  #)
( "?#)
Grammar/Unit 30
/ = 
(= #)
(= #)
/  
( #)
("?#)
/ 
(=#  )
("?#)
/ 
(#)
("?#)
/  ?, 
( ?#, #)
( #)
/ ?, 
(?#)
/ =,  =   
(=#)
(="?#)
/  ?
("?# ?)
(  #)
/ ?,       
(?#)
(?"?#,  #)
/  &?
( &?#,  #)
( & #,   #)
/ =,  
annoy + ed = annoyed
(=#)
(="?#, = ="?#, "?#)
(excited)Q     +
 +
+-
)* # )  *  '( *
y (+

 
(terrified)Q  =  
 -
            ,
 #
The story was intriguing.
/ 1,(' ")* ' 01 .
/  ")* &#&* & &' 4&'
/ '( ")* 0$01( .
/ ;1$ &+0 ")*
The subject of the conversation was very interesting.
/ ($('
/  ")* #&
Grammar/Unit 31
Unit
Some/any/no= someoneFsomebodyH/
anyone FanybodyH/no one FnobodyH
+
 -
+  + -  .
  "  ?-
There were some people sitting around the table and talk-
/  '*  $(* ++ (-' *1$ #& &*
There werent any people sitting around the table and talk-
/  '* (  $(* ( #& &* ++ ( *1$
( !  
There were no people sitting around the table and talking.
/ ( ")*
/ (-++ ($ '*2
/  ++ ($) ( '*2
( !   = ).
He heard some noise from the hallway.
/  0*)7* ++ -' 70
He didnt hear any noise from the hallway.
/  ( *)7* ++
He heard no noise from the hallway.
/  ( *)7* 70= $0(
)* # )  *  '( *

I got nothing in my eye.
/ 8 ( ( ( 33* & *#
/   +321-
/   +321'(
Someone was trying to reach you on the phone.
/ '-' 3)'*
Was anyone trying to reach you on the
/ Q)* +(-++ (
Were there any problems with the came-
Grammar/Unit 31
/ 9,(+
/ F* %'(*  '2 *  )%=   ( " +&+
Was there any money left on Al's bank
/  " +&+ ('( F* '* 2 ++ (-' $( 2 ?
/ �($'& '(*2  ) ( $*  ++  3 '0
/ ($'& '(*2  ) $* & ++01-'  1

 =
       , =   
+_ :
trying to help me
Anyone didnt try to help me
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
2. I have someone in mind for this job.
.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
5. Yesterday I saw Jane in the diner. She was having lunch with some
.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
7. Someone was trying to break into my car while I was gone.
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
1. '   ?   ,   #D
Grammar/Unit 32
Unit
*&+ &'* #.
  
      ? :
/ E' ') %(72?
)* # )  *  '( *
What will you take? The jeans or the
/ E' ') +03 72?
9, ) * 3*'2(?  &#20 '=
/ " 3,   *2  3'-
both    ? -
/ %  
3. Both of the restaurants were very expensive.
/
/
/  9,(+= 9, **  ')
I was both tired and hungry when I got home.
/  ")* *$ ) =

     +"   -
Grammar/Unit 32
You can choose either this or that. /
prefer qussian food. / E' &) 3($3 '('(  0#+01 +0% 1 *

" =    _:
+   -
+ (' ') 3($3 '(72?
)* # )  *  '( *
she doesnt either
 =        #     
So do I Neither do I I dont either
So does he Neither does he He doesnt either
So am I Neither am I Im not either
So did she Neither did she She didnt either
 .
We live around here. So do
/ 8) , &( #$(2 (3$*(+0. 8) ',(.
    # + +  
Grammar/Unit 32
.
So do I.
Ive never been to France. Neither have I. / I havent ei-
1. You look wonderful! So
you!
Ellen.
3. I went to Kuwait last year. So
we.
I. / I
Me
we. /
We
6. Roy is very kind to me. So
Roys mother.
I.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
(    ,   
2. The woman who opened the
door for me showed me into the room.
There was another woman in the room.
R( =
&(* (  & + '0.  + '( ")*
(( $  ,( . ( *  &)*$(*
$7(*
      
"         , 
/ + (-' *1$ = +')( %$ * 2 & #*(= 30'(7('&&-
/ 90  *& =
Grammar/Unit 33
      ,
/  + '( ")* $& '0* $

/  3*0 * $&

        
/ (+')( *1$ = +')( %$ * 2 & #*(= 30'(7('&&*

other chair was made of plastic.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
2. First-year students preferred to live on the campus. Others wanted
1. Can I have
beer, please?
2. There were three papers on the table. One was a birthday certi-
two were IDs.
3. Some students liked the professors lecture.
did not.
4. Jane has two brothers. One is twenty years old.
is
5. The realtor offered us an apartment for rent. The apartment itself
apartment.
hour.
7. There were two more passengers on the bus. One was an old
was a guy of
about thirty years old who looked really weird.
C +   ,      = $ . = +    one   
Grammar/Unit 34
  =   ? &, +  -
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
 +
have got
 
has got = has
Shes got long blond hair and blue eyes.
= She has long blond hair and blue eyes.
/ ((
/ * 0 & (' +)*2(&= &(' = &) ( 0(('(
How much money have you got? = How much
/ +*2+ $( ( 0 & ('2?
/ (  #$(2   $0#( . Q*27 '&
 +

Shes got long black hair. =
Grammar/Unit 35
/ #$ .
/   &7 .   $*,  32 &.
Youve got to believe me. Im saying the truth. = You have to believe
/ ) $*,( &( '2  (.  &1 3&$0.
  +
  
#            , 
+   
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
mine= yours= his= hers=
n
]
your
:z
]
his
z
]
her
:z
]
our
z
]
their
z
]
/ F'  + . F' + -
/ F' %
I liked your story more than his.
/ & '   ( 3 & *2
Grammar/Unit 36
Thats a huge apartment. Is that all of
 (. . , +  "  ?-
 . =.
/ ) ( $0?
/ $  $0
/  "*27 3+* + &7( '* ' 4 &7
   =& =?"      .
4. Your job is harder than (our job).
7. You have your story, I have (my story).
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
 +

 . =.
Grammar/Unit 37
What salary do you expect? /
+( 0 & "#& (?
      !&   C !  & -
    
/ + 7+!
/ + 0, !
/ + 3(+  ) 3&(* &(!
/ + 3(+ ) $!
/ + "$+!
/ + (*'2!
/ +   + & ,( !
  
+ "' &
/ +01 -
/ +01 "'0 &) ('(?
/ + ( +  &
)* # )  *  '( *
 =
%+
Which of the cars is yours?
+
� # ' % 7 '&? Q*27 *
You have different kinds of
fish on the menu. Which one would
& & ( 1   
We have two available rooms. One is on the second floor, the
prefer? /
?
?
Which question was the easiest for you? /
( )
?
Grammar/Unit 38
Unit
 
..................
kind of music do you like?
..................
of the suitcases is yours? The blue one or the red one?
do you prefer coffee or tea?
one?
was his name again?
one would
 =
 


. `
  
in the fridge.
)* # )  *  '( *
Theres little oil left in the world. It will hardly last fifty years.
/   (
/ �(= '  %'(*= ' ( 
/  % *&% * 3&$).
/  ( 3& 0+&(
/ 8* ")* #&(' 
Theres little food left in the fridge. We need to go to the store. /
    +  ?    -

(+
(+
Nick said he would be out of town for two weeks. A few days later
A lot of students signed up for the test, but very few of them actu-
It was a public holiday yesterday. Few people stayed in town. /
Grammar/Unit 39
Unit
1. I wasnt lucky today. I lost
money.
people there.
3. Jack gave me
books on economics. I hope they will
4. The Aral sea ran dry. Very
water is left.
5. Hard work is not everything that makes a success. You definitely
luck.
6. There were
test-drive cars parked outside the
8. Dave has
friends in town. He doesnt come here very
9. The counselor received
applications this morning. All
   =  
(-
)* # )  *  '( *
    =  
( &,  =    . =.).


  .
$ =    +
    #   ,
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
Grammar/Unit 39
/
/
pay for
/
/
/
/
/
/
My grandfather wasnt very old
/ 8 $($07+ ")* ( ( 2 '=
I prefer fish to meat.
/  3($-
/  ++ % "& &( *  -
)* # )  *  '( *
You should protect your skin from the sun.
/ ("( *($0(' # '2
 3*($ ((
/ ) *07(72
I dont have enough money to pay for dinner.
/ (  ('
He thanked me for everything and left.
/  3"*$ * ( 
My family lived in this place for twenty years. After that we moved
/ �8 (2 3, * & ' ('( $&$'2 *('. ' )
0(%* & 6( 1.
a long time. /
' 9,(+ ")* ++ (- "0$2 &' & 3*($ (( &(?
/   ,$* &
/ 8( 
I apologize for what I said. It was the wrong thing to say.
/ #& 12
/  ( ') & 72?
/  3$*
You have to explain to me what happened last night.
/ ) $*,(
/ 
/  3$0)&1 0 '  "').
/ E' ') $0(72  (
Grammar/Unit 39
1.     #  + D
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
Grammar/Unit 40
Unit
Its a nice day today, isnt?
/ ($  3(+ ) $( 2= ( '+ * ?
We cant use this car, can we?
/ �8) ( ,( 3*2#&'2 '
You called me yesterday, didnt you?
/ ) #& *  ( &(=
/  3#$* = ( '+ * ?
/   '*2+ ' 3 (%*=
Your friend will not help you, will he?
/ & $0 ( 3,(' '("(=
/  &= ( '+ * ?
  +    

=  #  -
/ j  = ,   D
Im not
/ j   = ,   D
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
=    !
=  "  :
/ = = ,  # =,  -
/ $       ,   #.
.....................................................................................................................
+ * &" *- (
Grammar/Unit 41
Money is very important in this world.
/ �9( 2 ( 2 &, ) & '
/ $  ")* '0$( '= $(-
/ +*2+ $( ( '("(
Is your watch new? Oh, no! Ive had it for years!
/ & ) -
Ive had them for years
/ F' %7 ( &' !
/  +*2+ &' 3 $ ?
/ ( $(,$0 721' &  ,(
.
)* # )  *  '( *
Your hair has gone really lovely! What shampoo have you been us-
/ & &*) '* '+  + &) ! +  730 ( ') 3*2#0-
Your hair have gone really lovely!
    + ( =)         
/  &( 03(  7(* &*.
    
/ 8 ( ( 0, ) '& &(').
"       , 
(  -
The police is ...
(  :
Grammar/Unit 41
(
+ '('
),
government
(
3& -
'(*2'&
),
group
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
Ten years is a long time.
/ �9('2 *(' ' $*
(=  =
ten years
very beautiful.
not found any evidence.
3. I dont like her. She thinks shes so smart. And she always gives
4. Ten dollars
not a lot of money.
5. Ten kilos of apples
too much. I only need five!
6. Your pants
funny. Why are you wearing .?
7. The government
going to introduce a new plan on
money did you spend last week?
9. This watch
very expensive. Be careful not to lose
my clothes? Where did you put
C    , = = ! .
  & = & -
Grammar/Unit 42
years old.
Jack asks: How old are you? ( )
Jack asks how old I am ( )
        ,    - # +  & =    if,     =     # +-! * :Do you live here? She asks me if I live here.Do you live here? ( )
She asks me if I live here ( )
/
/
/
/ 
)* # )  *  '( *
/ 
,(72 * ')  ( 32.
=  ! C     :
am/isarehave/haswillgocall
waswerehadwouldwentcalled
He said he would be late.
She said she was a doctor.
They said they were watching a
We have just finished lunch.
They said they had just finished
I dont know what youre talking about.
She said she didnt know
what I was talking about.
Its very important.
I said it was very important.
   # +
  +  .
Jack said he didnt do it. (= Jack said he hadnt
Grammar/Unit 42
Liz said she saw a bad dream last
It was reported that the bomb
 =+" _-
/  3 * ( = '  $(**.
/  3 * ( = 3 & * *  ( &)  *2.
/  3 *=
Why did you leave your job? Tom asked me why I left my
/  3 * ( = 3(0  07(*  "').
/ 9,(+ 3 * ( = 3 ($ 12 *  +   0, (.
Did you see Tom last week? Jane asked me if I had seen Tom
/ 9,( 3 * ( = ( & $(* *    37* ($(*(.
(W= 
)* # )  *  '( *
to do
 
Dont try to do it again. He asked me not to try to do it again. /
/   33 * (  ( '+)&'2 $&(2.
3. Dont open the window, please. She
4. Where are you from? The customs officer
...............................................................................................................
5. Do you like traveling? My co-worker
.....................................................................................................................
7. I can give you a room with a sea-view on the fifth floor. The rece-
8. Whos calling? My wife
Grammar/Unit 43
Unit
9. My parents are currently living in Moscow. Joe said
.....................................................................................................................
10. What time is your flight? The woman in the waiting lounge
11. Ill have a beer and a sandwich. Tom said
.....................................................................................................................
12. Have you been talking to the boss? I asked my co-worker
.....................................................................................................................
13. My names Jason. The man said
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
17. Ive been to London three times. Jack said
.....................................................................................................................
18. I quit smoking. Jerry
. $  ##
)* # )  *  '( *
)     =  ,
     

�   ="?:    +   + =#-
,   =#   " _ ,    
�Q       !  _ =#

(  & 07% ")* 07 + =  ( *)7*= ++ ') &7(*.
Yesterday we saw a Bentley crash into a tree. The driver was prob-
# & &* 3 '(*( 0  ".
Grammar/Unit 43
 30&'&&*=
After two hours on the beach Jane could feel the sun burning
/ *( $&0% &  3*,( 9,( 30&'&&*= ++ * (
1. j   _ ,    _ .
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit

" 2-"  3-"     ?"  -
looked, looked
learned, learned
cooked, cooked
talked, talked
watched, watched
helped, helped
  .  -
broke, broken
ate, eaten
beat, beaten
Grammar/Unit 44
hid, hidden
froze, frozen
gave, given
spoke, spoken
took, taken
fought, fought
caught, caught
taught, taught
thought, thought
brought, brought
felt, felt
dug, dug
fed, fed
made, made
slept, slept
sat, sat
stood, stood
began, begun
rang, rung
swam, swum
drank, drunk
sang, sung
 +       +  " -
)* # )  *  '( *
/ � ' *& *($01'
That job was done yesterday. This job will be done later. /
/ 81 7 0
/ '(' + ( ")* 3  .
/  +#*= ' 3"*(
You are being watched.
/  & *($'.
Three people got killed in the car crash on the highway. /

(got killed { were killed)
I got offered a job but I had to turn it down. /
  #
Grammar/Unit 44
      #+& &, :
/ A  &@
,
should= would= might
  =    
/ F' $*,  ")* ")'2
/  ( * #  '2 03&*1 
/ +('
Lunch was served at
)* # )  *  '( *
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
10. My mother gave very good advice.
Grammar/Unit 45
Unit
14. We cannot trust this man.
18. The emergency team cleaned up the mess at the site of the
.....................................................................................................................
it is said= it is expected=
$('= 6&'= 0('&0('  ( (.
)* # )  *  '( *
6&'
It is believed that
It
/ , $('= ' ( )  ('2 3$ 0' & + ( *('.
/ 6�&'= ' 3(2(- ' ( (* ++ ' 7(  + '
/ 0('&0('
it is believed that they = they are believed to do smth
 . =.
+Q
= Q
= Q
=  =,  ?Q

Grammar/Unit 45
He is considered to be the best lawyer in our company.
/  '('=
/ Q)* $(* 
It has been reported earlier that a private collection of jewelry was
/  (( "*2= ' '  +**(+ 
/ P + #&(' = '   ( & $) , &' )% %$'  
/ ($3*('= ' ,(  $( '&&* ++ " 
/ $' *0% 47(* *0%5
/  *)7* 46&'...5
3. They say
/ 6&'
Rumor has it that the famous couple
They say that illegal types of weapons
were used in this military conflict. /
� ( (= ' & ' &0,(  +  * + '(
.
)* # )  *  '( *
$ #  C +_   =   
    ,     , + +   

/  $*,( ")*
Youre not supposed to believe me.
/ ) ( "#  4("( ( "-
/  ' ,(  ( '(3(2 $(*'2?
4E'  '( 3(2 $*,( $(*'2?5
You live here. Youre supposed to know what's going on.
/ ) , -
/ �81 7 0 &+0 &* .  ( $*,( ")* 3+&'2 & #3(-
They are said to

.....................................................................................................................
3. They say that this TV program is sponsored by a huge tour
4. It is alleged that the lawyer was involved in this criminal case.
.....................................................................................................................

Grammar/Unit 46
Unit


be supposed to
/
Youre not sup-
.....................................................................................................................
   ,   #  =   #  =   .
)* # )  *  '( *
� /  ' '0$  3&( '2.
/ ;(+ #3 '2.
/ (*,  $$'2.
/ 7 ") # '2.
 =   
  
/ + %7 ")'2 #$(2  &.
/ '(*2 ")* (*,   ' .
/ F'0 &#0 *(+ #" '2.
/ (  ")* 0,  .
/ '*2 + ( "*1$ *(+ ' & '2.
Grammar/Unit 46
/  $((& ")* *(+ #*(#'2
/ 
/ % '( �'
/ 7 0('2 & '2
1.   =    =  +.
2. '   + =   _   . '   
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
    Q  ="
/ F' &)*$ ' "(#3 .
2. Your perfume smells great.
/ 7 $0% 3(+  3% 0' 4 (1'
/ $ ((' 3(+ ) &+0.
/ &0 ' #  &!
/ + 2 +  032.
Youre looking good today!
/ ($  &) 3(+  &)*$ '(!
       -
/ %,(= + 3 $(' $,$2.
/ &0 ' #$&!
Sounds like a very good idea to me!
/ 7 $(!
/ E 3 &+00 3 (' &$0.
/ , ("( +  032 3%,
/ % (' '+= *& 
You look like youve just seen a nightmare.
/ '(" '+ & $=
/  ( *& , 
You sound like nothing has happened.
/  '&  *& , 
Grammar/Unit 47
'(*2 (
(*( 3 $' ( 3($*,( (
/ +  &)*$(*?
/ 0 ++ 0( ?
� / + ")* #3% 0 ' ( ?
� / + &+0 0 ' ($)?
)
.....................................................................................................................
)
.....................................................................................................................
)
)
)
)
)
.....................................................................................................................
)
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
10. '  & &. $  #  =     
.....................................................................................................................
)
1. You cannot come in, unless you have a membership card.
/ )
/ 
(  :
unless hes not free
4. You shouldnt stay at this hotel, unless you have lots of mon-
/ �("( ( *($0(' ' &* &'2 & ' '(*(= (* '*2+ 0 '("
  ! #  ,  C      -
   = +  = , =   = ?
Grammar/Unit 48

 
    -
/  3,( '
� /  ( # * " '= 3+ 
Stay here until you see the light in the window.
/ '&  #$(2=
Walk straight until the crossroads, then take a left. /
  ! #  ,         -
 
1. We stayed up till dawn. = We stayed up until dawn/
/ '    = -
/   , +  & -
    
= = + = :
I knew nothing about it before he told me. = I knew nothing about it until he told
/ j +     C ,       .
 +   # =
/ + ")* -
/ F'' $ # ('
( -      = )
)* # )  *  '( *
You will have to finish this work by the end of the month.
/ )
/  &((
.....................................................................................................................
Grammar/Unit 48
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
1. We will have to find someone to give us directions
you
remember the way.
2. David has gone on business. He will be away
Tuesday.
the end of next week.
people told
the end of the year.
August next year.
................
the time we had finished work, it was already early in the
................
the time he wakes up, we will have been gone.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
I got to know the
he
Grammar/Unit 49
waIl]    #= @  + ;    -  ,  ,       -     ,     ;   while      ;  
1. While Mr. Brown was out, there was a call from his senior partner.
+  '( Q0  ( ")*= (0 3'03 * #& + ' '7( 3' (.
2. Not much has been going on while you were gone. /
3. You can read a magazine while youre expecting the interview. /
4. What will you do while youre waiting? /
E' ') "0$(72 $(*'2=
      =  ,   ? ,    -
=  (  - )
+     
+(-' &(  3"'*  +321'((. ' & * ("(

 +
/ ("(++ & * & '(( ( $&0% &.
)* # )  *  '( *
/  3'(* '  *2 & &( 3-
   -
/ + (  ( ")*=  ( +'-' #& *.
2. Try to guess the meaning of the words
/ '-
he was writing the paper.
my stay in Prague.
my coffee-break.
4. How long will you stay here? Well stay here
ten days.
two hours.
7. The book was boring. I fell asleep
I was reading it.
Im talking to the boss?
three
a day or so?
I was waiting for the bus.
I was out?
the theater play.
I was talking to the CEO, my cell phone rang.
the lecture.
the flight.
Grammar/Unit 50
Unit
θŋks]  -$:1. We won thanks to your help.
/ 8) 3"($ * "*$ &7( 3 .
/ Q*$ ($&  *($&  0( )( " 0, *
1. Because of the false data the researchers didnt take the recom-
      +
Due to above reasons the contract was terminated at the end of the
year.
/
)* # )  *  '( *
   #  ,
Because of the multiple delays we didnt start the new project.
= due to the multiple delays
The garden party was cancelled because of the bad weather. /

-
(
,

)
The flight was delayed due to
-
( -
)
The flight was delayed
.................
numerous reports from the embassy the regulations for
his parents financial
.................
the changing climate the average temperature shifted to
the latest
negligence.
.................
your quick response the companys management
Grammar/Unit 50
Vocabulary/Unit 1
Unit
on= in= away= about= around=
Were in.
/ 8) & 0' . 8) &-
& 0' 5
/ %$ !
/ 
*& ($*(  $%$ * $ (  43 -
/ 9,(+ #$(2 ('. 
I havent had a real friend in years.
/ ,( & '(( (   % *('
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the past ten years.
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year.
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I lay in bed without sleeping.
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my whole life.
3. He didnt start the car
he saw the light turn green.
4. The music is awful. Turn it
5. What are you looking
? My car keys.
sunburns?
7. Sandra is happy
her job. She makes good money and has
8. Jack is very enthusiastic
his new job. He wants to start as
9. It was so nice
you to give me a ride to my place.
10. I am really sorry
what I said. I didnt think it would hurt you.
)* # )  *  '( *
homeless people?
12. Are we still
for dinner tonight?
14. Check all of the incoming calls for the past two weeks. OK. Im
it.
15. Jerry and Jessica have been dating
three years.
16. What do you do
fun? Im a big fan of diving.
17. Liz always keeps people waiting. She is never
time.
18. No, I dont think Ill go there. Thank for inviting me though. OK,
to you.
19. I personally dont drink or smoke. How
you?
20. What do you do in life? Im a lawyer, but at the moment Im
work.
21. Do you want to win a million dollars in a lottery?
course!
a concert last night. She was happy
23. He heard a voice behind him and turned
24. The traces of the Mexican Gulf oil spill can be found
the
25. Excuse me! Is there a pharmacy
here, please?
26. The car crashed
the wall.
27. The senior manager walked
the room and said hello to the
28. Jane and Josh went
the Fiji Islands for their honeymoon.
29. Elaine has been working hard lately. She wants to go
30. There was a sales person
the train and I bought glassware
31. Are you listening
me?
Vocabulary/Unit 2
Unit
32. I havent had a rest
months.
33. The prices are expected to rise
ten per cent
the next
year.
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I had my lawyer make a new contract.
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Vocabulary/Unit 3
Unit
       ,   -
    &
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I like the way you do your hair. /
They didnt stay at this hotel. /
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understand it. /
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My landlady does the housework for me.
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Are you sure its OK? Yeah, thatll do.
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days.
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Vocabulary/Unit 3
How are you doing? I'm good. Yourself?
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Its Saturday. Jane is going to do some shopping.
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Im a student. Im doing my second year in college.
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Unit
).
.....................................................................................................................
barely= late/lately= fast=
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The hard rain kept me indoors the whole day.
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Sue's Italian is not very good. She can hardly follow the news in
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We hardly know each other.
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We hardly know each other. = We barely know each other.
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1. Im sorry for the late hour.
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2. I sleep late on Sundays.
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3. Im sorry Im late.
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I sleep late on Sundays.
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1. Youre a fast driver. ( )
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2. We need to do it fast. /
4. Everything happened really fast. ( )
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3. We arrived early and we checked in immediately.
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4. Im very tired. I think Im going to have an early night.
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The speed limit here is 50 miles per hour.
Vocabulary/Unit 5
Unit
riser. Every morning she wakes up
3. Im sorry for the
hour. I didnt have a chance to give you a
o'clock sharp. Were running
I dont do much these days.
find a local Italian person who would
7. I live in Egypt. The climate in our country is very dry. We
winds in the winter.
said a word with him.
cars. It turns me on!
Thats a nice dress! Where did you
)* # )  *  '( *
He got this book in the library.
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I got an e-mail from my friend yesterday. He said he was doing OK.
I got a day-off from work because I was sick.
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They got back home two days ago.
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I got it! Yeah, I got it!
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Vocabulary/Unit 5
We got to work immediately.
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I spent one year in China and I got to like Chinese food.
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You got to understand. = Youve got to understand.
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1. A =   #. ' =  # + - +  .
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.....................................................................................................................
Vocabulary/Unit 6
Unit
  +#   ,    +
(=   : =   _).
(=   :  =    = & =    #).
(=   : = _
/
Would you like coffee? Im going to make coffee.
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Some friends came over last night and my wife made a very good
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Dont make me angry.
/ ( #* ( 
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Vocabulary/Unit 6
 =:
Johnny made himself comfortable in his mothers lap and fell
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Oh, thank you! You made my day.
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Vocabulary/Unit 6
.....................................................................................................................

 =  #
/
/
/
(+  )Q     -
/
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1. My grandmother
a big cake for my birthday party.
2. I need to
a few phone calls now. Close the door, please.
3. What are you doing? Im
my homework.
4. Do you think we can
three museums today? (
5. Its a difficult test. I dont think I can
it.
it
7. You have a very big house. Who
the housework here?
8. What do you do to
a living?
you so sure?
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit

ma
nd
 =
3+0 &* 4( &*5 &#, ' 3"(.
This woman is unpredictable. You never know what she has on her
You can take six pills a day. No more. OK. Ill keep that in mind.
 #+  )
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(=   :  =& =_#).
Vocabulary/Unit 7
Do you mind if I sit here? = May I sit here, please? /
Would you mind pouring me a cup of coffee? /
Do you mind if I smoke here? / = May I smoke here? /
You must be totally out of your mind to take on that job. /
/ ', = '03( 2+. 4"O&*( (= 3($03(,-
/ *($ # '(= ++ ') &),(72
(=  -
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Im sorry for what I said. Never mind. Its not a problem.
/ ' '(
When Carol was buying a car, she first picked a Honda but then she
/ �$ * 3+03* 7 0=
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You must be totally out of your mind to drive so fast! /
)* # )  *  '( *
1. Tom was busy with work all morning. Food didnt cross his mind
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Vocabulary/Unit 8
Unit
.....................................................................................................................
say

tel
+#)&'2

)* # )  *  '( *
cen-
tury.
/ ( +#*  " ' (+ % ")' % zz &(+.
What did the director say about the new project? /
Tell me all that you know. /
You have to do exactly as your teacher says. /
Sue said hello to everyone as she walked in. /
What did he say to his father? How did he explain this whole situ-
Did he say that they changed the password? /
Tell me what you think of this book. /
Vocabulary/Unit 9
Unit
say
 
that package trips are not very expensive.
you about the money?
nothing. He just got up and left.
4. She did everything exactly as she was
5. You will have to
me the truth.
that the economic crisis will not last long.
she didnt like that place. She
she want-
8. Im sorry I didnt hear what you
Can you
it
good-bye to everyone and left.
She teaches in the university. He studies math.
 =  #
)* # )  *  '( *
:n
]
Im trying to learn Arabic. Its really hard.
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/
/
 
 
,   
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Where did you study? I studied in New York for five years.
My father studied to be a doctor but he worked as a manager in
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Vocabulary/Unit 10
Unit
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/ 6$( &) 0 * 2
/ ' 0 * '(" &$ '2
/  0 * (   0.
/ *,  0 '2 & '2
 
medicine in the university. He says its really hard.
to speak Spanish?
? Computer science.
well when you were a student?
a few words in Greek.
me, please?
qun (ran, run)
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The boy was trying to run away from the dog.
The boy was trying to run away from the
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I go jogging every morning.
/ =  
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Mr. Parker asked me to run things for him while he was away.
/
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I go jogging every morning.
Vocabulary/Unit 10
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The bus runs into town every hour.
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The bus runs every hour.
Whats that? Thats an old well (). It ran dry many years
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)* # )  *  '( *
/ * %$)
/
1. There was a bad accident on M5 highway. A car ran into a truck
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2. We ran into each other incidentally in a bookstore.
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Vocabulary/Unit 11
Unit
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
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. %= 
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)* # )  *  '( *
think
 +
(   ##   -  =  -
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see +
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Vocabulary/Unit 11
see +
( -  ),  =
Im seeing my dentist at 6 pm. After that Im seeing my lawyer.
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Unit
incoming= upgrade= breakdown=
/ 3*+Y 3$= #&*Y )& 4 (& ) 5Y "#& 
*'2
/
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3)&'2= $" &'2 03(%
/ 3$= #&*Y "#&  ' **
break up
*'2
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&)%$ '2
Everything went smooth with the most positive outcome.
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The factory has upgraded the design of their products.
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Jill is a very outgoing person. She has lots of friends.
/ 9, ** '
Vocabulary/Unit 12
/
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& 0' / 0, *&
$&(2
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/ "( = +') %$ ' & ( $
indoor swimming pool outdoor swimming pool
/ 3* = +*$+ 4& 3 3((   )*(5Y "#& 
lay out
+*$)&'2
layout of plans
/ +*$ 3* &
layout of rooms
/ 3* &+ + '
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&#*(''2
Keep your seat-belts fastened during take-off and landing.
/
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' ')&'2 & "'  3$+(
|oey Vempest
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I always find it easier to read a print-
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Vocabulary/Unit 13
Unit
.....................................................................................................................
Youve been working hard lately. You need a good rest.
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You go check the reports. The rest is on me.
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Vocabulary/Unit 14
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4. We had a wonderful time when we were traveling in Malaysia.
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At the times of Shakespeare people were very short.
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1. You have to be at your desk on time.
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2. Sue is never on time. She always keeps people waiting.
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Im very busy with my work. On weekends I work overtime.
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a part-time job as a waiter.
Vocabulary/Unit 15
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I usually take a few breaks during the day and grab a cof-
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We had a nice chat over a nice cup of coffee.
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Take a look at these shoes. Theyre really nice. Do you like
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After long international flights I normally feel tired and try not to
schedule any important appointments the next day.
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Vocabulary/Unit 15
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It happened on our five-day stay in Madrid.
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Where did you stay? We stayed at the Hilton.
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Vocabulary/Unit 16
Unit
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You told me ugly things last night when you were drunk. I still cant
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3. Just dont tell me anything. You dont know a thing!
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Vocabulary/Unit 17
Unit
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well-mannered,
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story
history
recycle
Unit
1. We have just arrived.
2. Are you working today?
Unit
 1.
1. Yes, I am.
2. No, I dont.
Unit
 1.
1. My friend Jack is a lawyer. He lost his job three months ago. Hes not working at
2. What will you do tomorrow? Im playing tennis from ten until two. After that Im
)* # )  *  '( *
3. Look! Somebody is walking on the roof! Its very dangerous!
4. I got a one week vacation. Im going to Vienna in a couple of days.
5. Its raining hard. We cant go out.
6. Im tired. Im going to bed. Good night.
Unit
1. does it take, takes
2. going to do, Ill have
3. will you do, Ill take
4. will be
5. will you be
6. will you finish
7. will you stay
8. Im going to lie down
9. will it start / does it start
10. will you call
11. will you arrive
12. do you plan
Unit
1. did you do
2. have you ever been
3. has happened, have hurt,
4. have you been
5. hasnt stopped
6. have already gone
10. have lost, did you lose
Unit
1. The woman was surprisingly young.
2. I just call to say: I love you.
3. He has a gift for languages. He can easily learn a new foreign language.
4. They were happily married for ten years. After that they happily divorced.
5. Youre absolutely right.
6. She was speaking to me softly.
7. He looked at the beggar angrily.
8. The windshield wipers are moving very slowly.
9. I just want to know the truth.
10. Ive never seen that movie.
Unit
7. had known
10. will stop
Unit
2. had called
5. didnt have (hadnt had)
Unit
1. No one knows his name.
2. Has anyone called? No, no one has called.
3. The scene was shocking. I could hardly move.
4. Your handwriting is terrible. I cant understand anything.
5. Whats happened? Nothing has happened.
6. What did you see? I didnt see anything. (I saw nothing.)
7. I have never been to Greece. They say its a beautiful place.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
 1.
4. can / could
7. may
8. may / might
9. can / could
 2.
1. have gone
2. have been
3. be sleeping
4. shouldn't have eaten
5. have been
6. have rained
7. have driven
8. have been married
9. be playing
10. be having
Unit
Unit
1. Jane used to travel a lot, but now she prefers to spend her vacation at home.
2. I used to be able to run five miles non-stop, but now I can run only three (miles).
3. We used to be very good friends, but now we dont contact much.
4. He used to be able to work at nights, but now he cant do it any more.
5. She used to be a very good dancer, but she got seriously injured in a car accident,
6. I used to wake up early, but now I prefer to sleep late.
Unit
1. Do you want me to come along?
5. We expected Liz to be late.
6. Everyone thought him to be rich, but in fact, he didnt have much money.
7. I didnt expect Helen to call me in the middle of the night.
Unit
1. He made me promise.
Unit
1. I suggest that we have dinner in this restaurant. (I suggest having dinner in this
2. The doctor recommended that I quit smoking. (The doctor recommended quitting
Unit
1. You should have called the police.
2. I shouldnt have done it.
3. You should exercise more.
4. I shouldnt have eaten so much.
5. You shouldnt have given him any money.
6. You should apologize to her.
)* # )  *  '( *
7. You should practice every day if you want to speak good English.
8. I should have written down her phone number.
9. You should have slept on the plane.
Unit
1. Id rather go to Italy for a vacation.
Unit
 1.
1. to have dinner 5. taking
2. asking 6. doing
3. smoking 7. to do
4. going to parties 8. dancing, dancing
 2.
1. Hows your job? Good. Thanks for asking.
2. Thanks for coming. It was nice seeing you.
3. You should think twice before quitting your job.
Unit
Unit
1. See you on Monday.
2. Id like to have a Green salad to start with.
3. Whos that woman in the picture? That's Queen Margo.
4. What are you looking at? What are you thinking about?
5. Thats the man I told you about. Whats he famous for?
6. What do you need that for?
7. Theres nothing to worry about. Everythings OK.
Unit
 1.
 2.
Unit
 1.
1. the tallest
3. any longer
4. (even) more
5. (one of) the most famous movie-director(s)
6. more often
7. the best
9. the most exciting
10. the latest
)* # )  *  '( *
 2.
1. at least
2. his best
Unit
 1.
1. he asked her out on a date
2. broke into Nates car
3. to break up
4. checking in the hotel
5. checked out
6. come along
7. come over to my place
Unit
1. This man has come here to talk to you.
Unit
Unit
/ / ; ; ;
; ; ; ; ;
; ; ; ; -
; ; ; ; ;
; , ; ; -
; ;
; ; ;
; -
; ;
Unit
3. that /
5. that /
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
Unit
 1.
I didnt see any strange object
I dont have anyone in mind for this job.
No one called while you were out. Did
Unit
1. So do you!
2. So is Ellen.
3. So did we.
4. Neither will I. / I wont either. /
5. Neither were we. /
We werent either.
6. So is Roys mother.
7. So am I.
Unit
Unit
1. There were two beds in the room. One bed was big, the other one small.
2. Im looking for a nice ladies purse. OK, ma'am. How about this one?
3. Which car is yours? The red one or the black one?
4. Fake hotel reviews are worse than bad ones.
Unit
3. Youve got to tell the police everything that happened. Theyve got to believe you.
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
2. yours, mine
6. a friend of mine
Unit
Unit
1. a little
3. a few
5. a little
6. a few
7. a few
8. a few
9. a few
10. a little
Unit
1. Whats happened to you?
2. Im thinking of starting my own business.
3. Jack applied for a job but later he changed his mind.
4. Why dont you invite your ex to your birthday party? What are you talking
5. Have you heard anything from Sarah? She got married and went to live out of
the country.
6. You have to apologize for last night. It was not very nice of you.
7. Could you explain to me the meaning of this word?
8. Whats Liz doing? Shes talking to her friend over the phone.
9. What do you think of this hotel? Did you like it?
10. Im sorry, I wasnt listening to what you were saying. Can you say it again, please?
11. Excuse me, Im looking for a mens tie. Can you help me, please?
12. He paid for his drink and got up to go.
13. My friends did not approve of my plan.
14. Someone have to stay here to look after the kids. We cannot leave them here
15. Those people dont care about anything at all.
16. He asked me for help, but I had to refuse. (to say no)
17. You are not supposed to tell me what to do. I dont belong to you.
18. What are you doing here? Are you waiting for someone?
19. You shouldnt laugh at people. Its not very nice of you.
20. We arrived at the train station twenty minutes later than we were supposed to.
21. I want to thank you for everything you have done for me. You are the nicest
Unit
1. You arrived yesterday, didnt you?
2. They know nothing about this case, do they?
Unit
2. have not
6. are, them
7. is / are
9. is, it
10. are, them
Unit
1. He told me to call him around six to make a time for Friday night.
2. My friend suggested that we watch(ed) a movie. (My friend suggested watching
3. She asked me not to open the window.
4. The customs officer asked me where I was from.
)* # )  *  '( *
5. My co-worker asked me if I liked traveling.
Unit
1. I didnt hear you come in.
Unit
8. My email was sent to the wrong address.
Unit
 1.
1. The dollar rate is expected to drop at the end of the month.
2. Paul Smith is believed to have founded this company.
3. This TV program is said to be sponsored by a huge tour company.
4. The lawyer is alleged to be involved in this criminal case.
5. Three people were reported to be killed in the terrorist attack.
6. A new law is considered to have been introduced by the government.
7. The official are assumed to have been bribed by the oil company.
 2.
1. Im not supposed to help you do your homework.
2. You are the Head of Staff. You are supposed to know everything about the
companys employees.
3. What are you doing in the coffee-shop? Arent you supposed to be in your office?
4. Hes not supposed to answer your questions. So, dont bother asking.
5. Am I supposed to accept your proposal?
Unit
1. The traffic rules are easy to learn.
2. Ive just been given a raise on the job. (I just got a raise on the job.) Its hard for
me to say no.
3. His ideas are hard to accept.
4. Its good to be able to speak three foreign languages.
5. This address was difficult to find.
)* # )  *  '( *
6. Its easy to do. Try again.
7. This car is easy to drive.
8. That situation was hard to handle.
9. Its so nice of you to help me out.
Unit
Unit
 1.
1. He will not go there unless you come with him.
2. We were waiting for your call until five oclock, but you never called.
3. We didnt know what to do until they told us.
4. You can stay at my friends place unless you have another option.
5. Have you heard anything about this story before? Not until now.
6. I will definitely join you at the party unless some emergency comes up.
7. I got a job offer. I need to make a decision until Friday (before Friday - possible).
8. We got stuck in traffic. By the moment we arrived to the concert it has already
9. By the time she got married she didnt really cared what had happened before.
 2.
Unit
Unit
)* # )  *  '( *
Unit
20. out of
33. by, within
Unit
1. I had / got my car repaired last week.
2. After I woke up, I had a shower (took a shower) and had breakfast.
3. Have a seat. Would you like coffee?
4. Were going on vacation tomorrow. Have a good time!
5. Would you like coffee? Thank you. Ive just had one.
6. All women usually want to be married and have children.
7. If youre tired, you can have a nap. (take a nap)
8. I had / got my maid cook me a dinner.
Unit
1. Smoking does a lot of harm to your health.
2. How are you doing? Im good, thanks.
3. What do you usually do on weekends? I usually do the housework.
4. I had to go out to do some shopping.
5. It was a fast car. We did a hundred miles in thirty minutes.
6. Are you a student? Yes, Im doing my third year in med school.
7. I hate doing the washing-up. I prefer using a dish-washer.
Unit
Unit
Unit
 1.
1. Colonel Sanders made a fortune out of fried chicken.
2. You won in a lottery! Really? You made my day!
)* # )  *  '( *
 2.
Unit
1. Do you mind if I use your bathroom?
2. Im sorry about last night. Never mind.
3. Do you mind if I sit here? No, I dont mind.
4. I wonder what she has on her mind.
5. That is a very useful article. You might need it. OK, Ill keep it in mind.
6. I dont mind a drink.
7. Would you mind pouring me a cup of tea?
8. When I saw that picture, one French word came to my mind.
9. Jill wanted to marry Jack, but later she changed her mind.
10. Sam wants to go live in the Himalayas. He must be totally out of his mind!
11. The idea of writing a book crossed my mind last night.
Unit
1. says
6. say
8. said, say
Unit
Unit
1. The food supply ran out and the campers had to catch fish in the river.
2. I ran out of cash and as they didnt accept credit cards in the restaurant, I had to
3. The burglars managed to run away from the police.
4. Mr. Brailey had to run things while Mr. Atkins was away.
5. Do you have a dream? What do you want to do in life? I want to run my own
6. I took my car to the car-service because the engine was not running well and
there was a problem with the battery.
7. Weve just seen an accident on the highway. The driver lost control of the vehicle
Unit
1. Its too dark in here. I cant see anything.
2. What do you think of this language school?
3. What do you plan to do today? Im seeing my friends at 8 pm.
4. Jane is thinking of starting her own business.
5. Tom has been smoking for ten years and now hes thinking of giving it up.
6. I dont think hell help you with the money. Dont even ask him. Its a waste of
7. What are you thinking about? Im thinking about my vacation.
8. I was just thinking about you when I got this text message.
Unit
1. Wheres Mr. Johnson? Hes resting. Dont disturb him.
2. Some of the students were Russian, the rest were French.
3. Ill take ten thousand. The rest is yours.
Unit
1. Try to be on time. Well be in a rush.
2. Are you looking for a part-time job? No, I want to work full time.
3. What do you do in your spare time? I like reading.
4. How many times have been to Italy? Ive been there many times.
5. My guests arrived just in time for dinner.
6. When the war ended, it was a difficult time for the local people.
7. Did you have a good time when you were traveling in the Middle East?
8. You have to hurry. Unfortunately you and I ran out of time.
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