Журнал Экспозиция Нефть Газ (1год)


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+7 (499) 681-04-25
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 1 (26) february 2013
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Ekaterina A. Vasileva, Olga A. Kalimeneva, Galiya F. Murzakaeva
Vladimir V. E“mov, Damir V. Khaliulin
of Yamburg oil and gas deposits (part 1)
Alexey N. Laperdin, Konstantin S. Holodnov, Oleg M. Yermilov
Application of a system approach when developing šelds of hydrocarbonic raw materials
Yu. I. Reutov, V.V. Krivosheev
The development of the innovative environment
of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug — Yugra
Ivan V. Osipov
Features choice of medium voltage cables
Andrey V. Gerasimov, Irina V. Tyabina
Laboratory equipment for the oil and gas industry
Sergey A. Lazarev
The use of voltage inverters in the high voltage electric drive
Igor Antin
Solid state led lighting technology for hazardous environments;
Dominik I. Sokolov
Powerful data resource showing the state of RF national fuel-and-energy
complex and industry sectors — innovative visualization and analysis
Vilen N. Sharifullin, Andrey V. Sharifullin, Lia R. Baybekova
Andrei S. Churilin, Nina I. Zelentsova
Kirill A. Bagaev, Anna I. Uludintseva
X-ray šlm digitizing systems for radiographic inspection of industrial facilities
EVasileva@vunipigaz.ru
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Abstract
The article covers the points of oil-associated
gas recycling. The latest ways for oil-
associated gas recycling are presented.
As one of the way for recycling is presented a
oil-associated gas.
Engineering solutions for APG recycling at the
šelds are suggested. Process ›ow diagram
for technical carbon and hydrochloric acid
production are presented.
Results
from oil-associated gas is suggested, and
that gives an option to use eœectively mineral
resources and to solve environmental
contamination problems.
onclusions
at the šelds of the Orenburg region. It is
known that oil produced from those šelds
is sour, and additional sour treatment is
required. By that reason H2S should be
preliminary recovered from APG.
Keywords
oil-associated gas, recycling, technical carbon
Authors:
Ekaterina A. Vasileva
engineer of the 2-nd category
EVasileva@vunipigaz.ru
Olga A. Kalimeneva
— Ph.D., senior researcher of the department for gas and condensate processing
Galiya F. Murzakaeva
— senior researcher of the department for gas and condensate processing
VolgoUralNIPIgas, Orenburg, Russian Federation
Production of technical carbon
References
1. Koval V.A., Fatikhov V.A.
Kosmicheskie
tekhnologii utilizatsii poputnogo gaza
[Space-based processing technologies for
APG recycling].
Gazovaya promyshlennost
2011, issue 4, pp. 76ž78
2. Skobelina V.P., Tremasova I.S.
Rol' gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya
v reshenii problemy ispol'zovaniya
poputnogo neftyanogo gaza v Rossii
[Role of state regulation in solving
of APG use in Russia].
Oil, gas and business
, 2011,
issue 12, pp. 9ž15.
3. Echevsky G.
Poluchenie aromaticheskikh
uglevodorodov iz PNG i drugikh legkikh
fraktsiy
[Production of aromatics from
APG and other light ends].
Oil and gas
technologies
, 2012, issue 4, pp. 92ž96.
4. Velichko V.V.
Blochnaya ustanovka dlya
polucheniya smesi propana — butana
tekhnicheskoy iz poputnogo neftyanogo
gaza
[A package plant for production mixture
of propane — commercial butane from APG].
Neftepromyslovoe delo
2010, issue 12, pp. 53ž55
5. Zuev V.P., Mikhaylov V.V.
Proizvodstvo sazhi
[Production of technical
carbon]. Moscow:
Vasileva E.A.
Research report —
Problemy i perspektivy ispol'zovaniya
poputnogo neftyanogo gaza
[Problems and prospects of APG use].
VolgoUralNIPIgaz
, 2012, pp. 1ž62.
UDC 665.612.2
GAS INDUSTRY
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v.v.ešmov-NU@yandex.ru
d_khaliulin@mail.ru
’‚…˜‡ƒ…ˆ …Ž , †€‡ •
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\t‘ \n\t \n,  \n\f‰ \t\r  \r \t\f\t
\r\b  \t ‹\f\n\r\r, \r 
\t, \t\n‰Ž•\r \r\fŽ\r\n\t \r\t
†\r \n\t\t, \t \t†\t‰\t\n\r ‹\f\n\r\t
\r\t‘ ‘†  \t\r\b‘ \n‘\t\t\r\f\r‘
Š\t†\t\b \t\t\n\t\f \r\t\t\t
  ’ƒ \t•\n\b\n\b  \t‘
\r \t†\t   ‹\f\n\r\t
\f‰\r \t\f\r\r \t\t\t  ‰\r \t
\t\t\t  \n\r  \n\t\f \f\t†\f\t 
\t\t\n\t\f\r  (˜ƒŠ), \t\r\n\f \t‰\r\f\t\n
\t  †\r \t\n \t‰•\r‘\b    \f\t 
‰\r\f\t\n\r \r \n\t  \r†\r \t ‘\t‘ 
\n\t‘ \t †\n\t, \t\n\t\bŽ•\r‘
\t \t\f\rŽ•\r‘ \n\t,
\rŽ•\r‘ ‹\f\n\r\t \f\r\t\r\t\r
\t†  \tŽ•\r† \t‘‰\r† «‘\t\t»
 \t \n†\n, \t\n•Ž•\r‘ \n
 \n\t\n\r\t\r\b \t\t\n\t\t\t 
†\n\r\n, \n\t \fŽ\r\n  ‹\n \t\n\f\r
\t\t, \b\t  \n\r† \t \n\r†
• высокая
• высокая
• многократное
\f\r ‘\t‘ \n\t\t
• несовершенство
• конструктивные
• залповые
\r \t†\t\t  \t\t\t  \n\r
• возможное
\t† \r† \b\n\t\n\r 
\f\r\r, \t\t, \b\b\n\b †\t\r\r\b
•\r‘ ‘\t‘ \n\t\t. Š\r ‹\n\t† \t
\r†\b†‘  \t\n †\t\r\r†‘
\n\t \n \t\n\t ‘ \t\f «\r\f\n\n\b»
\n\t\r\b†\r \t‚\r\b ‹\f\n\r\t\n\r
\f\r\t\r\t\r\b ‘\t‘ \n\t\t 
‘ \f\n\t\t. \f\r† \t\t†, †\t\r\r\b
\n\r‘ \n\t \n ‘\t‘ \n\t\t
• высокой
\n\t  Ž \t\r\n
\t\n\r† ‰\r† \t\n ˜ƒŠ
 \r\t\r† \t \r\t\t†
\t\t\t\rŽ   \r\t \t
• эффективной
\f\r\r  †\r\r†† \r\r\f\r†
\t\t\n\r\r† \n\r‘ \n\t \n
(  \n\t
• концентрации
«†» \t† \f\f \f\t  ‰\r\f\t\n\r,
• предотвращение
\r\t‘ ‹†\n‘ \n‘ \t\n\t‰\r 
 \t†\t‰\t\nŽ \r\b \t\n\t‰\r  \r
• организацию
\t‘ \t \t\f\n  «… “†\n‘».
­\n \n\b\n \t\t  \n\r\f 
\f\t  \n\r† \r†\n\t† 1800 ††,
‰  †\b \n\f†\r \r†\n\t†
\t\t» , \n†\b \r†\r  ‘
•\r†\r\b \f‚\f†\r Ž\f-†\r \r†\n\t†
\n\t \t \t‰\r\f\t\n\t\t \t\n\t\f (3) \n\r
\r\t†\r ‹†\n†\r (7) \n\r «Swirldek
box» \r \n\n† \n\t\t† (9).
  \n\t \n •\t \t\f\n
‘ \f \t \f \f\t ‘  \r \r‰ 
\t\r\t\n‘ \n\r \n\r\t\t
‘ \f \f\t  \t\n‘ \t\n†\n\f‘
«2920», «3720», «4520» \r «5890». \t\n‰
\r\t‘ \n\t \n \n\r \f\t
‚\n ‘ †‰ \t\r\t\n†\r \n\r†\r
\t\r\n\t  \t\t\t   •\r\n  \r\n (10).
‚\r  \r \n\t \n \t \n
 \r\f 2.
˜ (4) †\n\r\f\n‘ \n\t\t
\n\r ƒ [2] †\t\n\r\t  \t\t\t† \f\t
 \t\n†\n\f\r «+2920» \n† \r\f\r \f † \r
\t\n \n\f\r  \t\n\n\r\b†\r \t \n\t\f
14-\n\r \n\f\t-\n\t, \f‘ \f
\t\t\n \t\n\t† \t  ‹\f\n\t\t\t 
˜ \n\n\t\t \f\t\n\t \r\f (6)
\f\r «+4520». \t\t\t  \n\n †\n
\t† \t\t† \f\t \r \t\t‘ \f‘.
ƒ\r \t\t‘ ‚\n\t\f †\n\t †‰
\t\t  \t•\n\b\n\b \t\n†\r,  \f \f†
\r \f\t — \n\t–††\r ‰\r††\r.
\t \f\t\n\t \r\f \f  \t\t\t†
\f\t \n \t\n\t† \t\t‘ \n\t\f,
˜ \f\r\r \t\f\t\n\t  \t\r\n\f\r 
\fŽ\n  \b \r  \f \t\t\t†
\b•\r  \r ‘ \n  \t\t  \t\t\f (8) 
 \t\t  \t\n\t† \t\n\t   \f†\r 
\n\t‰†\r \r\t†\r ‹†\n†\r
(7) \n\r «Swirldek box» \r ‹†\n \n\n\t\t
\n\t (9). ‚\r  \r \n\t‰‘
\r\t‘ ‹†\n\t \r  \f\r\r
\t\f\t\n\t  \t\r\n\f\r  ( \n\n\t\t
\n\r\t \t\r  \n\n\t\t \f\t\n
\t \r\f (6). \f\r\r †\t\t\t ‘ \n\n‘
†\n\t \n\t  \t\t†\r ‚\n\f†\r
\n\t  –†\t† \t\t† \f\t
\r \f\b\n\b \f \t †\n† \n\t–†
†\r ‰\r††\r. –†\t \t\t \f\t\t
,  \tŽ \t, \f\t  \t\t\t†
\t‰\r\f\t\n\b †  \r\r\t
\t   \n\n\t† \t\n\t\f \f\t 
\n\t \t (3  \r\f 1), \n\bŽ•
\t\t  Ž \f\t\n\f\rŽ \r ‘  \r
\f‘ \t\n‘ ‹†\n\t. ˜\n\t \n\t
\t‰Ž• \b» \r \n\t†\t‰\r\r \t\n\t\f 
‘\t  \n \f\r\n\r\f\t  ‹\r\r \r
\r \t‰\r\f\t\n\t\t \t\n\t\f \t
\r† \f\t\r‘ \n\r ‰\r\f\t\n\r
\r \n\t  \r†\r  \n \t \n\r\b 
‘ \r \r\r\t‘ \r, \t\r\fŽ•\r‘ \r
  \t \rŽ  \n\t \n \t
\t‰\r\f\t\n  \t\n\t\f \t\n\n   (4) 
†\r \n\r ƒ, \f‰  \r \f\t\n\t‘ \t\n\t\r\n
\r \n\f-\n  \f†  †
\r\nŽ•\r† \t\f\t† \r \b\n\r \n\t‘
\t  Ž †\t\t\t ‘ \n\n‘ \f
\n \r \t\t\t\n\bŽ•\t \n\t \n. \n\n
\f\n \r\r\r\f\t  \t†, \t
‘ \t\t †\f\t\b\r\n\t  \n\f\r, \t
†\t\n\f \n\n‘ \t \t\r\n ‰\n\f\t\n
\t \t\n \f\n,  \t\t \t†\r
\t†\t† \rŽ \r†\t 
†\r \t \t\n \f\n, \t\t\bŽ\n \f\t
\t\r\n\r\n \f\n \t\n \n‘ \t\n\t‰\r  \r
\f†\r  \n\t  \nŽ \t\n\n\r  \t\r\r
\n  \f\t\f\n\t ƒ. \t\t\t\n\bŽ•
\n\t \n\t ƒ \t\n\t\r\n \r \n\t‘
\t \f‰\t  \r \f\n \t\t\t  \r \r\f
†  \n\t\t \f\n \t\n\r\n† 
\n\t† \t \r†\n \t\t, \r \t†\r
 \t\t\n \t†\t \t \t\f‰\t\n\r \t\f
\t\r \f\r \t\n\n\r\b†\r  \f†\r \f
\t\t  \r‰  \n\r \r†\r \n\f†\r,
\t‘\t\b•\r†\r \f\t \r \n\f\r,
†• †‰ \t\b†\r \n\n‘ \f\n.
 ‘  \n\r \r\nŽ•\r  \t\f ƒ
\t\f\r\n\b \t\n\t \t  \f‚\f\t   \r
‘\t ‚\r\f\r \r \t\n\r\n† \f\t†
\b  \n\n\t† \n \r \r\n\b\rŽ\n\b
…\f\n\f \t\n\t\f  †\t\n\r\t\t† 
\r†\t   †‰ \n\n†\r \f\n†\r
‘ \n\r ‰\r\f\t\n\r \r \n\t  \r†\r \t
\t \n\r† \n\t‰‘ \r  \n\f‘
\t\r\t‘ \t\f  \tŽ•\r†
«\t\r†» ‰\r\f\t\n\t-\t  
 \f\tŽ \n \n \t \t\n†
\n‘ \f\n. †\b\b \r \t\t
\f\t\n  \t\n\t\f \t‘\t\r\n \f\r\t\r   \n
\r \t\t \r‰\r\b. Š\t \t \n\r†
\t\r\fŽ•\r‘  \t \f\r\t\r \t\t
\t† \f\t\n\f\n ‚‘  \t\n\t\f \f
\r\n \t\n\r \r \t\n\t\f \n\t\f\t\r\t 
‰\r\f\t\n\t   \r \t\f\t\n\b \t\r\n\f
\r†  †‰\t \t† \t\n\n \n‘
\t\n\t‰\r . \n\r\t\b ‰\r\f\t\n,
\t\r\b  \t\t‘, \t \r\n† \r‘
\r\r  \t\n \n\r‘ \n\t \n
\n\n\t\t \f\t\n\t \r\f (6) \t\r\n
\f\t\n\r  \n \r‘ \r\b\r\b \r \f\t\n\f\n  \r
\t\r\t  \t‘\t\nŽ †\t\t\t ‘
\r\r \t\b \f\t\t\n   ‘\t\t† \t\n\t\f
‰†\r \r\t†\r ‹†\n†\r (7) \r
¡\n\t‰ \r\t ‹†\n
\n\r «Swirldek box» (7)  \b
†. ƒ‰  ‹†\n \n\bŽ\n \t\t 
†\b) \b†\t\n\t†\r \n\t‰†\r ‹†
\t† \f\t\t, \r ‘\t†\r \n†\r. Š\r\r
\n\t‰‘ \r. Š\r \f\n\f  \t\n\t\t†
\r‘\r\n \t‰•\r\b  \t\n\t\f \f\r
‰\r\f\t\n\r \rŽ\n\b  \n\f ‹†\n,
\t\b \f†\t \t\n\t\f\t† \t‘\t\b•
\t\r†\t  \r ‹†\n \t \n\r  \t–†
\f\t\t  \f–†Ž •, †\n 
\t‚\t  \nŽ «\n\t\r\t\t» . Š\r
‹\n\t† \t\t\t  \t\n\t\f \t\n\r\t\t\t 
\b\n\b \r ‹†\n  ‘\tŽ \n
\r  \f ‘\t\t† \n\f \n\t.
ƒ\t\n\r\b \f\t  ‰\r\f\t\n\r  «
\t\r\n\b
\r\r†  \t\n \f\r\r \t\f\t\n\t 
\t ‘ \n\n‘ †\n‘ \f\t\n\t\t\t \t\r‘\t\r\n
«\t\r\r» \n\r ‰\t\t \n†
\r \r\t\r\r \t\n\t\r†\t\t \r ‹†\n\t
\t\t» . Š\r ‹\n\t† ‰\r\f\t\n \r \f\t\t\t
‹†\n\t (7) \t \r\r\r† \n\f†
\r \f\t\f\n\t† (5) \t\n\t\r\n\b †\t\n\f\t† \t
\t ‰\r\f\t\n\r  \t\r\f \f\t\t  \n\r
\n‘ †\n\t (9) \f\b ‰\r\f\t\n \n\f\n 
\f\t† (8) \r ‘\r†\r \f‚\f†\r ‹†\n\t (7),
\r \n\f‰ †\t\n\f\t† \t\n\t\r\n\b \t \t
‰\r\f\t\n\r  \t\r\f \f\t\t  \n\r \n
Š\t‰\r†   \t\r\f \f\t\t  
\n ‰  «\r\r\f\r  \n\t» ‘
\r‘ \n \r \f\t\f\n\t\t \r\t‘
\n\t \n.
\r ‹\f\n\r\t\n\r \t \t†\t\t 
\n\t \n\r‘ \n‘\t\t\r\f\r‘ \f\n\t\t.
\f \f\n \t\r\n\f\r \t‰\r\f\t\n\t 
†\r \t\t\r \t \n\n† †\t
\b\r\b \n\r‘ \n\t \n — \t \n\n†
• давления
• перепада
\n\t \n‘ \n\t\t, \fŽ\b
• производительности
(\f\t†\t† \f \r\t\t\rŽ 
† ‘\t  «TURBO FLOW TFG-M»);
• количества
\n\t \n‘ ‰\r\f\t\n\r, \t\b†\t\t
\t\f\r\b†\r \f\n\b \t\b
\f\r†\t   \f\t\t  \n\r ‰\r\f\t\n\r
• массовой
‰\r†‘ \r\t\r\b \f\t\n\r\b \t\r†\t 
\r \n \f\t  ‰\r\f\t\n\r \r \n\t 
\r†\r  ‚ 5 †/†
,  \t
\t . 4 —  \r   €   «Swirldek box»
\t‘ \n\t \n  ‚ 20 \fŠ.
Š\r \n† \t†\t\n \n\t
\t‰\r  ‹†\n\t \r\t‘
\n\t \n \n, \t \n‘ \t\n\t‰\r 
 \t\t\n \n\f\r ƒ  \t‰\t, 
\f‘-\n‘ \r \t‰\r   \r†Ž\n.
Š\r \n† \t†\t\n \n\n‘ \f\n
\t †\t\n‰ \r\nŽ•\r‘ \t\f\t†
ƒ \r \n \b\t \t†\t
\r \f\r †‰ \f\n†\r,
\n\t \t\t\t ‹\f\n\t† «\n‘\r\b»
‹\r\r \f\t\t \t\n\t\f \t \t\n
ƒ \r «\f\t\f\t\t\t\r†» (\r\t\f 5 )
 \t \t\r\n\t† \f\t\f\n\t,
†\r \b\bŽ\n\b \r‰\r —  \t ‘\t \r
\t\f 5 , ) \r  †‚  \n\r — ‘\r
\t \r\f (6  \r\f 1) \r \n\t (9)
\f\r\r \t\f\t\n\t  \t\r\n\f\r  \t
\t\r\r\b \r \r‘ \t‰\r , 
\n\f‰ \t \n‘ \t\n\t‰\r   \n\t•
\t† \t†\t\n \n  \t\t\n\r \f\t\t
\t\t\t \r \n\t‰‘ ‹†\n\t (7) 
\r†\r† ‹\t\f\t \t \n‘ \t\n
\n\f\n\r\t  ‘† \n\r‘ \n\t \n,
• сжатые
\n\t\r\n\t-†\t\n‰‘ \t\n
• простоту
• удобный
\f\t\n\f\r\r  \t\n\r\r
 †\r\r†† \t–†\t†
†\t\n‰\t-†\t\n‰‘ \t\n \r
\r\r\r \r \t\n\n\n\r \t‘\t\r†\t\n\r
\f\r \t\n\t\b \n \r †\t\r\r\r \r
\n\n\n\r \f\t\r\b  \n\t• \n\n‘
\n\t‰‘ \r\t‘ ‹†\n\t \n\r
«Swirldek box» \n‘ \t\n\t‰\r  \r
\n‘ \n\t‘, \t\r†\t  \f\f 
\n †\t\t\t \t  \f\t\n\f\r\r \r‘ \f\t\t 
\n\n\t  \f\r, \n\f \r  \n \f\t\r\b 
†‰\t \t† \t\n\n \n\n‘ \f\n
\t\r†  \t\r‰  \t  \r \n‘
\r\n \t‰\r  \n\t• \n\n‘ \f\n
\r\t  ‰\r\f\t\n\t  ,  \n\t† \r
\r \r \t‘ \t‘ \r \t†\t\t 
\t\t\t  \n\r  ‘\t ˜ƒŠ «‰\r\f\t\n‘
Š\r†\r  \t\n \r\t‘
\n\t \n \t \n\n\t\t \f\t\n\t \r\f
‰†\r \r\t†\r ‹†\n†\r
\n\r «Swirldek box» \r \n\n† \n\t
\t† \t\r\n ‹\f\n\rŽ \t\r\n\f
\n\r  \f\t  ‰\r\f\t\n\r  «\t†»
\n\f\n\r\t  ‘† \n\r‘ \n\t \n
\t\n \t\n\t\t \n\t \n \t \n\r
\t† \n\t \n \r \t\r†\t\t  \n
\t\n\t\f \t‰\r\f\t\n\t  †\r \n\r
\b •\n\t \r\b\r  \f
ƒ, \t\t\n\n \t\f•\rŽ \t\f\t
\t\r\b \n\n‘ \f\n \r\nŽ•\r‘
\t\f\t \n†\r \t\n\t‰\r\b†\r,  †\n 
\n† \r \t\f\t† †‰ \r\r\b†\r \n.
Š\r† \n. †\r\r\f\t \r
†\t   \n\t  \r†\r  ‘\t 
, \n\t
†\t \f\t\r\n\t \t\n\r‚   \n
\n\t  \r†\r  \r†  \r\t
~ 650 \f. ††  \n\r  \t–†
\r\nŽ•\r‘ \t\f\t ‘ ƒ (\t †‘\r
) \t\n\b\n ~
1450 \f. ˜\r\n\b \n\n \n\t
\t†\t\n \r\nŽ•\r‘ \t\f\t ƒ — ~ 30%
\t\r \t–† \n\t  \r†Ž, \n..
\f\n\r\t\n\r \t\n\t\t \n\t \n \t,
ƒ\t† ‹\n\t\t \t‘\t\r†\t \t\n†\n\r\n:
• сравнительно
\t\n \n\r \n  \t
• отсутствие
\n \n‘\r\f\r‘ ‚\r 
\t \t†\f \r†\t\t 
\t\n \t‰•\r‘\b  † \t ,
\f\t •\n\n   \b 
\t‰\r  \t «\t\t\rŽ» \r\b\r\b ‹\n\r‘
\t\n\n\f\t  ‹\f\n\r\t\n \t
\t†\t\t  \t\r\n\f\r \t‰\r\f\t\n\t 
†\r  †\t\r\r\t\t† \n\t.
\b\n\b «\t†\f» \r†\t\t 
\f\n\t \n\t  †\n\r\fŽ
\t\f \t\t†\n\t\t\t \n\t.
Š\t†\b  \t †\n\r\f\t\t
\r\b \r \f\r\n\r\f\t† \r\n\r\r \r
\n\r\b \t‰\r†\t  \f\t†\t\t  \n\r\r
‰\n\t\t   \r \n\t\f\t\r‘
\f \t\t†\n\t\t\t \n\t, †\t‰\n
\f\f \t†\r\t\n\b (\r \f\t\b\r\r) 
\t‰\r\f\t\n\t† \t\n\t\f [3]  \t \f
\f\t  \r†\r, \f\t\n\t, \n\t\b  ‹\n\t†
 \b†\r \f\t\r\r, \t\fŽ\n\b
\t \n\t, \f\b\b \r \r\r\b \tŽ
\t\t \n\t  \f\t\f\n\t  ‘\t†
• осуществлять
\t\n \t   \n \r‰\r\b \f\t\n\r\r
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• защитить
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Abstract
The given article considers the issues,
connected with the construction peculiarities
of the inner part of the separators, upgraded
according to the joint project of the "Zultser
Chimtech ltd." Company and the Central
Construction Bureau of Oil and Technologies
of the Subsidiary of the Open Joint Stock
Company ¢Gazprom£. A concise functional
principal of each scheme of a gas-liquid
mixture separation is also given in the
presented article as well as the results of the
inspection of the upgraded equipment during
its test exploitation in the production process
and the results of the separators inside
inspection.
Observation, forecasting, generalisation
Results
A technological decision on the introduction
of a pneumatic nozzle as a type of equipment
used to overcome the in›uence of the
functional drawbacks revealed in the process
of test exploitation.
onclusions
pipe will give us the following opportunities:
• to
wash
salts
gas
to
reduction of their concentration in the
dripping liquid consisting of salt and other
impurities when it leaves the separator
• to
increase
separation
particles(
of the gas liquid mixture due to the eœect
• to
protect
devices
separator from hydrates and ice
formation in case of its exploitation at low
temperatures
Keywords
gas production and transportation, hydrate,
natural gas preparation.
Authors:
Vladimir V. E“mov ›
exploitation engineer of gas equipment objects
v.v.ešmov-NU@yandex.ru
Damir V. Khaliulin
— post-graduate student
, oil and gas production operator
d_khaliulin@mail.ru
"Gazprom dobycha Yamburg LLC", Moscow, Russian Federation
gas “elds of Yamburg oil and gas deposits (part 1)
References
Neftegazopromyslovaya separatsionnaya
tekhnika
[The separation equipment used
in oil and gas production]. Moscow:
Nedra
1992, 236 p.
Pigarev A.A., Tolstov V.A.,
Nentsov M.V., Sokolov V.A., Kudoyar Yu.A. ,
Malyshkin M.A..
Novoe oborudovanie dlya
ochistki prirodnogo gaza pered promyslovoy
DKS na Yamsoveyskoy mestorozhdenii
[New
equipment for natural gas purišcation placed
before the booster compressor station and
used at the Yamsoveysk gas šeld].
Gazovaya
Promyshlennost',
2008, issue 1, pp. 79ž81
3. Zilbert A.G., Zilbert G.K., Valiullin I.M.
Sovershenstvovanie oborudovaniya
s pryamotochnymi tsentrobezhnymi
elementami
[Upgrade of the equipment with
the strait current centrifugal
elements].
Gazovaya Promyshlennost'
2008, issue 9, pp. 72ž74.
4. Kasparyantz K.S., Kuzin V.I., Grigoryan
Protsessy i apparaty dlya ob'ektov
promyslovoy podgotovki nefti i gaza
[Processes and apparatuses for the
objects of šeld oil and gas preparation].
Moscow:
Nedra
, 1997, 254p.
Sinaysky E.G., Lapiga Ye.Ya., Zaytsev
Yu.V.
Separatsiya mnogofaznykh
mnogokomponentnykh sistem
[Separation of multiphase and
multicomponent systems]. Moscow:
Nedra-Business Center
, 2002, 621 p.
Gimatutdinov Sh.K., Shirovsky A.I.
Fizika neftyanogo i gazovogo plasta
[Oil and gas formation physics.
Reference book for University Students.
3-d edition, changed and improved].
Moscow:
Nedra
, 1982, 311 p.
Bekirov T.M., Shatalov A.T.
Sbor i podgotovka k transportu
prirodnykh gazov
[Gathering and
pre-transportation preparation of natural
gas]. Moscow:
Nedra
, 1986, 261 p.
John G. Perry.
Spravochnik inzhenera-khimika.
Tom vtoroy, pererabotannyy i dopolnennyy.
Perevod s angl. pod obshchey red. prof. S.I.
Shchepkina. Gosudarstvennoe
nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izd-vo
khimicheskoy literatury.
[A reference book
for chemical engineers. Vol.II, changed
and with some additional materials.
Translated from English under the supervision
of prof. S.I. Schepkin]. Moscow:
State
publishing house of scienti‚c and technical
literature on chemistry
UDC 622.276.344.577
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†\t\t\f\n\t \t\r\n \n‘\t\t\r\fŽ \r ‹\f\t
Abstract
The requirement of providing with fuel and
energy resources demands increase of
e¥ciency of processes of development of
hydrocarbons deposits.
In the presents time principles of a system
system analysis are insu¥ciently used at
design and management of development of
hydrocarbons deposits.
Application of a system approach and
facilitate and will accelerate design
process, will allow to create more
reasonable approaches to information use,
to selection of criteria of an assessment
of this or that alternative, šnally, will
provide development of eœective managing
directors of impacts on process.
Research of constantly operating
geological and technological
models of šelds.
assessment of alternatives.
Results
At decision-making on management of
development of hydrocarbons šelds it is
necessary to use the system analysis for
e¥ciency increase.
onclusions
Introduction of procedures of the
system analysis in practice of design
and management of development of
hydrocarbonic šelds will repeatedly increase
technological and economic e¥ciency.
Keywords
systems approach; development analysis;
databases; control systems.
Authors:
Alexey N. Laperdin
— doctor of geologo-miner Sc., the adviser of the general director in the šeld of working out of deposits
Konstantin S. Holodnov
— engineer
HolodnovKS@tngg.ru
Oleg M. Yermilov
— dr. tech., professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, deputy. Director general for research
TyumenNIIgiprogaz, Tyumen, Russian Federation
LLC "Gazprom dobycha", Nadym, Russian Federation
Application of a system approach when
developing “elds of hydrocarbonic raw materials
References
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Proektirovanie razrabotki
neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy sistemami
gorizontal'nykh skvazhin
[Design of
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, 2001, 199 p.
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Proektirovanie i
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Razrabotka gazokondensatnykh
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Struna
, 1998. 628 p.
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Sistemnyy analiz
[System analysis].
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, 2004, 141 p.
UDC 622.279.23/.4
GAS INDUSTRY
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\t•\n\b\n\b \nŸ† \t†\r\t\r\b \r
\b\r \r \n‘\t\t\r\f\r‘ \t•\t\f  \b
Abstract
The main task of the autonomous institution
of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug
— Yugra "High Technology Park" (Yugra
Technopark) is a creation of an eœective
innovative environment, an assistance
to the public authorities of the Khanty-
Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug — Yugra in
the formation of a mixed economy, helping
innovative start-ups in their development,
production, development of small and
medium-sized innovative enterprises
Keywords
Yugra Technopark, innovation
Authors:
Yu. I. Reutov
— Ph.D., professor, director
tp@tp86.ru
V.V. Krivosheev
— Ph.D., professor, science adviser
AI of the KhMAO-Yugra "High Technology Park"
The development of the innovative environment of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug › Yugra
INNOVATION
ivan.osipov@simross.ru
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‰Ž•† ‰\r  \f\t\n\t\t† \r\r \t\n \r‘
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Abstract
Power medium voltage
cables with plastic or rubber
insulation is almost universally
used for the transmission
and distribution of electricity,
as in industry. The total number
of single-core cables used exceeds
the number of three-core.
Analysis, comparison.
Results
The main advantage of a three-core cable is
the fact that in the three-wire cable at any
one time the sum of the current in the three
surrounding the core at some distance from
them almost as equal to zero. For this reason,
there is no loss of spurious interference.
Conclusions
The advantages of using
a three-core cable instead of
solid clear and justišed from both
a technical and an economic point of view.
Keywords
cable with XLPE insulation
Authors:
Ivan V. Osipov
— technical director
ivan.osipov@simross.ru
LTD NPK «Sim-Ross»
Features choice of medium voltage cables
UDC 621.315.2
CABLES AND WIRES
References
Dmitriev M.V., Evdokunin G.A. Odnofaznye
ekranov [Single-phase power cables 6ž500
kV. Calculation of earth screens].
The news of
electrical engineering
, 2007, issue 2.
Gerasimov@rvs-ltd.ru
Tyabina@rvs-ltd.ru
… …   1996 ’…‡­   
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Abstract
RVS company was founded
in 1996 and today it is a highly
e¥cient, dynamic, forward-looking
company that has established
itself as a reliable supplier of high
quality products and a wide range of
purposes, from a single screen to
high-tech furniture systems, from the oven
to the laser particle size analyzer.
Equipment for the oil and gas industry.
Sulfur Analyzer.
Results
Analysis of low levels of
nitrogen is now possible due
to an appreciation of the
chemiluminescent nitrogen
onclusions
Thus, a wide range of sulfur analyzers and
HORIBA Japanese company to quickly and
accurately monitor the quality of various
Keywords
sulfur analyzers, analyzers
granule composition
Authors:
Andrey V. Gerasimov ›
Master of Physics, Head of Sales
Gerasimov@rvs-ltd.ru
Irina V. Tyabina ›
General manager;
Tyabina@rvs-ltd.ru
Laboratory equipment for the oil and gas industry
UDC 681.2
LABORATORY EQUIPMENT
\t . 3 — LA950 V2 with DryUnit
lazarev-s@ekra.ru
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\t\f\t\t\n‘ ‹\f\n\t\r\n  \t\n
• Поскольку
\n\t \b‰\r\b \n\t \n\t\t 
\t\n\t  \b\r  \t\n\r\t-
‹\f\n\t\r\n\b, \n\t  \t\t‘ \r\t‘
†\t‰\t\n\r (   \r\t †\r)
\t †‘\r†. \f\b\b ‰ \r\n†
\r\b \r\t\t†, \t \n\b
 ‰\r† \r- \t\r\r  \t \n\t\f
\t\t\n\b \r ‹\f\n\t\r\n\b.
\n\t \b‰\r\b, \t\n\t  IGCT,
SGST \r\t IGBT \r\t‘. \r\r \t
ACS1000, \f†  \r†\t  ­ (\r. 3).
\t\n \n\t†\n\t  †\b \n\t\r†\r
\t\n† \n\t\f \t \rŽ  ‘\t
• Повышенное
†\t\r\f \t ‘\t\t† \n\t\f \r \b‰\r\r
  \t\fŽ\r\b \t\t\n\b,
\t\t\t 12-\n\r \t  ‘†\t 
\b†\r\b, \n\t   \r††\t
\t \n\t\r\b† \n\n  \f\n\t
‹\f\n\t‹\r\r [1], \t\t\t  
\t\r†\r†\t  †\t•\t\n\r ‹\f\n\t\r\t
• Ограниченное
• Высокое
\n\b \b\t  †† \r\t† \n
   ‘\t\t† \b‰\r\r \r\n\t,
• Частота
\t\r\b \r†\r\f\r†\r \t\n\b
†\r  \r\t‘ \fŽ‘ ‹†\n‘ 
\t‘\t\r\n 1 \f, \n\t \t\n\r\n\t
‰\r ‚\r‘ †\t\r\f) \r\nŽ•\t
‹\f\n\t\r\n \r \n \t‘\t\r††
\r†\r \t\t\t\n\t\b•\t ‘\t\t\t
Š\t \t\r\t  \n‘\t\t  ‘†
\t \t\t\n\r Simovert MV \r
Sinamics GM 150 \r† Siemens.
\rŽ IGBT †\t   †\f\r†† \b
‘† ‚\r ‚\r\t\f\t \r†\r  \t
\t \f\t\r\n \r\t‘ \b\f   
\r\t\t\r\b ‘\t\t\t \r\n. \b \t
 \t\t\n.  ‘\t\t \r \t
\n\t \t\t\n\b \b ‹\f\n\t\r\t
\t \b‰\r\b () (\r. 5), 
\f†\t\t ŠŠ «ƒ­», \t‰\r\n \t
\b†  \b†\r\n, \r\n 
\rŽ•\r‘ ‰\t\n \t\t\n\b,
\r \t\t  \r\n\t \b‰\r\b. \b
\t\n\b \r†\b\n\b \r  ‘\t 
†\t\t\t†\t\n\t  \n\t†\n\t. \n\t
 \t ‘† \n\t\r\f, \r ‹\n\t† \f‰\b
 \n\t\r‘ \t†\t\n\t\f \t\n\r\n\b 
\t† †•\r† \n\t†\r†\t\t
\b‰\r\b. ‡\t  \r \b‰\r\b
\n\t\r‘ \t†\t\n\t\f \t\n\t\r\n\t 
‘ \t†\t\n\t\f \t\b\n\b \n\n\t†
\r\b 60-\n\r ‹\f\n\r\f\r‘ \t 
\r †\t\t\t†\t\n\t\t\t \n\t†\n\t
 \t† \r\t† \n\t\r‘ \t†\t\n\t\f
•™…‡ …
 Ž …
 †€Š˜ ,
-20°, 0°, +20°
-24°, -12°, 0°, +12°,
-25°, -15°, -5°, +5°,
-26,7°, -20°, -13,3°,
\f…
Š—ƒ 
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\b 6 \f \r\r 54-‘ \b \b 10 \f ‘†
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Š\r†\r †\t\t\t\t  ‘†
\t\n\t\r\b \t\f\t\t\n\t\t \r\n\t
\b, \n\t \t\b\n \n\r\t \r\b\r 
\r\t\b\rŽ ‹\f\n\t\r\n\b \r  \n\n
\r†\r\b \t\t\t\n\t\b•\t \r\t\t
\r\n  ‘\t \t\t\n\b, 
\n\f‰ \t\n\t\r\n  \n\t\t   \t†
• За
\b‰\r\b \n\rŽ• \r
• Высокий
\t\f\r (\t 0,95 \r \f ‚ 10% \t\n
\t†\r), \t\f\t\f \r\t\r
\t  \t\t‰\r\n\t\n\r \fŽ\r\b
\r\r\n †\t•\t\n\r \n \t‘\b\n\b
. ƒ\f \n\r \n \t‘\t\r†\t\n\r 
\n\n‘ †\r \r \n  \r
†\t\r\f\t\t \t\n \f\t\r 
\r \t\t \n\t\f\t  \r\nŽ•  \n\r, 
\n\t \r \f\t†\rŽ•\r‘ \n\t \n \b
\t\r\b †\t\r\f \n\t\f  \r\nŽ• 
Ž\n\b \f\n\r \r \n\rŽ•\r \n\t\f\r
 \r\nŽ•  \n\r, †‚Ž\n\b \r\b
\t  †\t•\t\nŽ. ­ \t\n\n\n\r  \r\nŽ• 
\n \r‰\n ‚\n‘ \f\r  ‰Ž
• Режим
\n\b  \r\r\n \t\n \f\t‹\r\r\n
†\t•\t\n\r \f\r, \n\t \t\r\n
\t \t\n  Ž† \n\r\t† \r †\t•\t\nŽ
\r\t‘ ‹\f\n\t\r\n . … \n
\t\f\t  •  \n\t\n \f\t††\n\r\r
‘\t\t  \n\t\f \t\t\n\b \r\t\f \f
\r\t\r\t†. Š\t‹\n\t†  \n\n\b
\n\t\f  ‘\t \t\t\n\b
• Преобразователь
\t†\n\t, \n\t \f\t \r‰\n \n\n
 \t\f\n\r\t\r, \t\t\r 
\f\t  \b \f\t\f\n\t  †\t•\t\n\r \r
†\n\t ‹\f\n\r\f\t  †‚\r, \n\t
\r\fŽ\n \t‚\r\f\r \r \t\f\n\r\t\r\r
\n\t  \n\t†\n\t  \n \t‘
\r\t \b‰\r  \n\t\r‘ \t†\t\n\t\f
\r\n  \t\f‰Ž•Ž  \t
\t\n   \r\n† ‹\f\n\t‰\r\b
\t\t ‹\f\n\t\t\t\t\r\b, \t\t\t
\r \r\r\r  † †\r\f\t\t\t‘
• В
\fŽ\r\b \r\n\r\b ‹\f\n\t\r\n\b \t\n
\t\t\n\b  \n \r \t\n\t, \n\t
\t\t\t ‰\t  \t\r\r  \r†\r\b
\t\r\t\t \r \t\t\n 
\t\f\r. †\r \t†\r, †\t‰\t \r\t\b
\r‚ \t\r \t\t\n, \t\r\n
  \n\t\n  \f Ž\t\t ‹\f
\n 50 , \fŽ\r\n  \n \r \n†
\t \r\t\t\n \t\t\n
Abstract
Diœerent factors of the variable frequency
of energy conservation. Comparative analysis
of the frequency converters with the voltage
inverter and drives based on them has been
conducted.
Experience of implementation. Processing of
the results of experimental studies.
Results
Introduce variable frequency drive with
asynchronous motors in automated control
systems of technological equipment JSC
"Transneft".
onclusions
Application of frequency-controlled electric
pump unit provides power savings of up to
40%. The use of multi-level voltage inverter
containing single-phase
inverters connected consecutively
compatibility of the frequency
converter with an electric
Keywords
transportation of oil, electric drive,
frequency inverter, voltage inverter,
Authors:
Sergey A. Lazarev ›
Candidate of technical sciences
, Leading expert
Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russian Federation
Electrical Drive Department, EKRA Ltd., Cheboksary, Russian Federation
The use of voltage inverters in the high voltage electric drive
References
GOST 13109-97 Electric energy.
of technical equipment.
Quality limits in public
electrical systems.
UDC 621.6-5:621.314.2
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
• Поскольку
\t\n\t \b  \t†\t\n\f†\r
\n\r\t-), \n\t \r\t \f\n\t\b
\t\t †‘\r†. ƒ \n\t† ‰  \t\t‘
†\t‰\t\n \n\r\r\r\r \f\t\t\n\r \t
\f\t\b \r\n† \r\b \f\t\t\nŽ
‹\f\n\t\r\n\b  \f\t\n\t\t  \t\n\n\n\n
\n\t \n \t†\n\r. \r†\r\f
\n\n\t \b \t‚\r\n \r†\r 
\t\f\t\t\n\t\t ‹\f\n\t\r\t \r
\t\t\b\n \t\r\r\n \f\t \n\t\f\r
• Многоуровневый
\n  \f\f† \fŽ\r† \r\n\t\t
\r\t \t‘\t\r\n \b \r†\r\b 
\f\t  \r‘\t\t  \n\t\n •\r\b. \t
\n\r \t‰\r\n\b \t † \r\t
\f\t\t\n\r •\r\b \r \r\t\t\r\r
†\t\n\b  \f \t\n\t\r\n,
• Преобразователи
\n\f\t  ‰\r† \n\n\b \f\t, \t\t\t
• Наличие
\f\r†\r \t\n\bŽ•\r†\r, \t\t†\r
\f\t††\n\r  \r\t‘ \n\r\n\t\t,
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‹\n\r \f\t††\n\r\t \b‰\r\b 
‘ \t \f\f\t  ‘†, \t †\r\n 
‚Ž\n 1000 , (\n.. ‘\t\b\n\b  \t
\n\t ‰ \t†  ‘\t
\t\t\n\b, \f\t\n\t  \t‰\r\n\b 
\n\b  \n \r \t\n\t, ‹\n\r† \t\n\n\f\t†
 ‹\f\n\t\r\n\r, 
\b \t\n \t\n \t\t\n  \n\t\n,
\f\f \r\t, \r†Ž\n \t‚  \f
\r\t\b\r\r \t†\t\n\t\f \n\n\t.
• Появление
\f\t  \t‚\r\r\f\r ‹\f\n\r\f\t 
†‚\r, Ž•\r  \t\t\r\n 
\r\t \t‚\r\r\f\t,  \n \t†\t‰\t 
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Siemens (\t\t\n Perfect Harmony),
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‰\r  6 \r 10 \f \r \r†\n ‘\f\n\r\n\r\f\r,
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 \r\n† \n\t\n\t-\r†\t\t
\r\b \n‘\t\t\r\f\t\t \t\t\t\r\b
 13109-97. \f\n\r\f\b
Dialight, Ž†\f\n, \r\f\t\r\n\r\b
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š„„ƒˆ …ˆ ˆ™ ……’
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‹\n\t \t\t\nŽ \n\t\n\t \n\t \n\t, 
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\f.  \n\r\r\f\r, \t\t\t †\t•
†\t\r, \bŽ\n \r\n\t \f\t\r\n\t
\t\t \t\b \t•\r\b \r \n†\n
\t‘\t\n\r \n\r\r\f, \t\n\r†\t  \b
\t\t‘ \t,  \f\t\n\t‘ \r\n\n\n
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\r\t \t\n\r\n  \r \r‘ \n . 
\n\r\r\f\t \r ‹\f\n\r\r \n\t \n\n\b
\t\t\t \t•\r \r \r ‘†
\n\r\r\r\r \r- \t‰\r\b  \r‘ \t‘
\r\r\t \n\r\r\f\r \f 
\r‰\r ‹\t\t\n\r\b — ‰\b
•\r \n‘\t\t\r\r \t•\r\b  \t\rŽ\n
•\n\t\t ‚\r\b ‹\f\n\r\t\n\r.
 \t\b‚† \f \n\r\r\f\r Dialight
†\t  †\t  \n\r† †† \t\f\t\t
\r\b †\t•\t\nŽ 400\n, \t\r\b 
66% †‚ \t\n\r ‹\r\r \r 
\r\n\t \r‰\r \t\t \f\r\t\t
\r\t\t  \n‘\t\t\r\r \t \f\t\t \t\b\b\n\b
\r\b \r Ž†\r\n †, \f\t
\rŽ\n \tŽ \b\f\t\n, \r \t‹\n\t† \r‘ \n\t
 \n\t\f\r, † \n\t\r\t \n\r\r\f\r, \r
\t\n \r‰\r \n\n  \f
\r\r\r, \f\t\t\f\r \n  \r ‹\f\n\t
400\n. \n\t \t\t\b\n \r\t\t\n \n\t\r
\r\r\t \r\n\t\r\f\r \n, \n\f\r \f\f
\n\r † \t\f\t\t \r\b („),
\rŽ\n \t‘Ž \n\t. \n\t \n \f
\n\t\n\r  \r \r\t† \r\rŽ
\t\t\n\r, ‰\r\f\t\n , \r‘ †\n\t,
\f\t \r „. \r. 3 †\t\n\r\n ‘\t\t‚
\f\n\t \n\t\r \r \r\t\t\r\r
€ … €‰  › ˆ…‡…‡ •
 , \n\t\r\t\t \t•\r \r\r\r\t
\t\n\r\n\b \t\n \n\r\r\t‘ \t\n\r\n‘
\n\r† \r\n\t\r\f\t† \t\t \n \t\b
\r‘ \t\f\t  \n\t\t  \t\n (160 Ž† 
\n\n, \r ‹\n \r\r \t\n\t\b\t \r\r\n
\rŽ\n \t\fŽ ‰\t\n \r \t \r\fŽ
\n\t\r†\t\n ‹\f\n\r\r  \t\n\b‰\r\r \t
‰\r\t\t \r\f. \fŽ\r \r \fŽ\r
\n\t\r\t‘ \n\r\r\f\t  \r\b\n  \r‘
 \n\t\r\t‘ \n\r\r\f‘ \t\n\n\n\n
\n\n \r\r  •\n, \f\t\n\t \nŽ\n
\r\t\t \t•\r\b \r\r \n\r\r\r\r. 
\t\n\r\r \t\n \n\r\r\t‘ \n\r\r\f\t  \r‘
\n\t  \f\t\n\f\r\r \n\t\r\t \n\r
\r\f\r \f\n\r\f\r \t\r\r†\r \f †
\r \r\r\b†. ƒ \r†  \t\n\t\b\n\b \t†,
\b  \t\t† \r ‹\f\n\r\r, \r \t\r
\t‚  \r\t\b\n \f † \r — \r
ƒ\f \t\f\t  \r. 1, \n\t\r\t \r†Ž\n
\t †\f\r †, \t\t\n\n\n\t,
\t\n\r\f \b \r‘ †\t‰\n \n \t\t †‚,
Ž•\r \n  \n\r\r\t‘ \n\r\r\f‘.
\n\t\r\t\b †\n\r  \t\n\r\f\t  †\t‰\n \n
\n\t  \t\f\t  \t‘\t\n\r (\r. 4)
\t\t\r  \t•\r\b, \b \n\t\r\t\t 
\f», \t\r \t\t †\t\t \fŽ\n\b \r
\fŽ\n\b, \t\b ‹\n\t† \r\fŽŽ\n\b
†\b  \t †. \t †\t\r‘ \b‘ \n
\r\r\t \n\r\r\f\r  \t\b†\r
†‘ \t‘, \t \r‰\r ‰‘ \n\n
†\r (\t 15 †\r\n)  \t † \r \r‘
  \t ‹\r\r, \t \fŽ\r\b
Ž\n\b †\t†\n\t. \fŽ\r \n\t\r\t
‘ \n\r\r\f\t, \f\t  \t•\r\r \n
\t‘\t\r†\t\n\r, †\t\t \r‰\n ‹\t\t
\n\r \r • \t‚ \t\n \t\f
\t  \n‘\t\t\r\r — ‹\n\t \t\t\t\n \t\n\n
\n‘. \n\t\r\t \n\r\r\f\r †\t\n \n
\t . 2 — †ƒ„ \n \f.
 — \f \f  \b  Dialight.
 \b  Dialight High Bay,
 †    ATEX/IECEx
\n‘ \t\n -55
C \t +70
C. Š\r ‹\n\t† \r \r
\f\r‘ \n†\n‘ \n\t\t\n \n\t\r\t\t
\t \b\r \t\r\t   \n\n ( —
ˆ“„’ ˆ  ˆ¤ˆ’
€   ˆ…‡…‡…
 ­”ˆ­–” ˆ™ ……’Š
\n\r † \t\f\t\t \r\b
\t\n\r \t\b \t\f\t  \n\t\t  \t\n \r
‚\b \t† \t•\r\b \r \t†\t•\r „
\r\b, \f\t\n\t  \t\r\r†\n\b \t\f\r†
\t†, \f\f \t‰  \r  \t\r\n
\t\f\t \f\n\t \t•\r\b  \t\t 
†\b. ƒ\n\t \n\t\r \r \t•\r\r
     40- \t XX \f \b 
\r\b ‹\f\n\r\f\r‘ \r\n\t\r\f\t \n  \n
\n† \n\t†. „ \r†Ž\n \f\t‹\r\r\n
\n\t\r \t\f\t\t 30 \t 100-\t 
\f\t† \n \t\f‚ †\n \r\t
†\bŽ\n \t  \n\n  \n, \r \f‰\n\b
Ž•\r  \t \r \t\n\t \t\t\t\r\b
\t‰ \n\t \r \f\t \t\n \n
\t\t, \n\r\f\r \t\t\n\r, ‰\r\f\t\n\r,
\r\b („)  \b\bŽ\n\b \r\n\t\r\f\t†
\t\f\t\t 5. Š\t‘\t \f\n\t \n \n 
\n\r\t\n\r \r \n\t\t\n \f\t \t\b\f
\t \t\f\n\r) \r \t\f\r  \f\t‹\r\r\n
\n\t\r — †\f\r†† \t\f\t\t 50. „Ž
\n\t  \f\t\n\t \r\b \n. Š\t
\r \n, \n\t †\t‰\n \r\n\r \f
\n\t\t †  \n\t\b•
†\b ‚\r\t\f\t \r\tŽ\n\b  \f\n \r\n\t
\r\f\t \n \t\b ‘\t\t‚† \f\n
\n (\f\t‹\r\r\n \n\t\r 85ž95)
\t‘ † \b\b\n\b \n\t †‚\r
\n\t\t\t \t\n\t\f  \n\r \t\f ‰.
\b \t\f\t  \n\t\t  \t\n (55ž100 †/\n)
\n † \r†Ž\n \t\fŽ \n\r\t\n
\n\t\t\t \t\n\t\f, \t \t \t‘\t \t\nŽ\n
 \f\t \t\f ‰. „Ž†\r\n
† \t‰\n \n\n. \n\t\r\f \n \r†\n
\t\t. - ‹\n\t\t \n\b‰\t \f\t\n\t\r\t\n
\r \n, \n\t †\t‰\n \r\n\r \f
 \r†Ž\n \t\f\r  \r\f \n\t\r
(50ž90), \t \t\nŽ \n\tŽ \t\n
(50ž75 †/\n). ƒ\t†\f\n Ž†\r\n
† \t‰\n \n\n. \n\t\r\f \n \r†\n
\t\t. - ‹\n\t\t \n\b‰\t \f\t\n\t\r\t\n
\r \n, \n\t †\t‰\n \r\n\r \f
„† \f\r\r\b \r†Ž\n †  \t
\f\r  \r\f \n\t\r (\t 100), \t †Ž
\t Ž†\r\n\t†, \t \r\n\t\r\f \n
\n\b\n \t\t  ‹\f\n\tŽ †
, \n\t \t\r\n \r\n  \t\f
\r\t † \r†Ž\n \t\f\r  \r\f
Ž \t\n (60ž90 †/\n). \n\t\r\f \n
\r†\n \t‚\r † \r- \r†\r\b
\r\t\n \r \n, \n\t †\t‰\n
\r\n\r \f ‹\f\n\r\t† \t•\rŽ.
\b \n\f\r‘ † ‘\f\n ‘\t \r \n\t\b
\n\t\rŽ•\b †  \f\n
\r\n\t\r\f \n — ‹\n\t \t ‚\b \n‘\t\t\r\b
\f\n\t\t  † \t\r\n\b \r\n
\n\t\r (50ž90) \r ‘\t\t‚Ž \n\tŽ
\n\t\r\t \n\r\r\f\r \n\bŽ\n
\t\t  \r\n\t\r\f \n «\t\t\t \f\n», 
\t\f\r  \f\t‹\r\r\n \n\t\r (70ž85) \r
‚Ž \r ‘ \r\n\t\r\f\t \t\t \n
\n\t 360 \t. Š\t\f\t\f \n 
\n\t\f\t , \t†\t‰\t \r\t\t\r
\t \t\n\t  \r \t ‹\f\n\r\t  \t\n\r\f\r.
\t\f ‰ \n\t\r\t\t †\t‰\n \t\n\b\n
€   ‚ˆ€ˆ   ˆ…‡…‡•
\t\n\b‰\r\r †\t\r‘ \n.  \f\t\n\t‘ Fixture
 ‚\n \n\t\r†\t\n \t\b‘
\t \r†\r \tŽ \n\t\r†\t\n \r\b
\n\t \r \r\t\t\r\r \n\t\r\t‘
\n\r\r\f\t Dialight.
\r™ ……’Š ˆ…‡…‡ …’… …” Š
Š\r\t, \n\t \n\t\b \t\n \n\t\r\t
‘ \n\r\r\f\t \r\r\n\b \r \t\n
\t . 5 — \f \f  \b 
Dialight High Bay  †  
 \t\r\b‘ \r\f\r‘ \n†\n. \r\r†\b
\t\b \n†\n \n\f\r‘ \n\r\r\f\t,
‘ \n\t\r\t\t, \t\n\b\n \t -40°C, \r ‹\n\t
\t\r\r \t‘\t\r†\t,  \t\t\t†, \b
•\r\n \f\t \n\t\r\t, \fŽ\b \t\n\r\f.
Š\t\r\t\r\n\r \n\r\r\f\t, \r†\bŽ•\r
\r\n\b \t \r\f\r‘ \t\r‘ \n†\n.
\n\r\n\r\f\r ‹\f\n\t‘ \f\t†\t\n\t, ‹\n\t
\r\t \r \b \n\t\r\t\t.  \r. 7
\n ‚\r \n\t\t  \t\n\r \r \r
Š\r \r\r  •\nŽ•\r†\r \n‘\t
\t\r\b†\r Ž†\r\n\t\t \t•\r\b \b\t
\r\t, \n\t \n\t\b \t\n \n\t\r\t‘
\n\r\r\f\t \r\n\t ‚, † \t\n
\n\b Ž†\r\n\b \n‘\t\t\r\b (\r. 8)
Ž†. Š\r -20°C ‹\n\t \r †‚
\r †  \t † \t\n\f\r†. Š\r
‹\n\t†, \r\t\t\r \n\f\r‘ † \t\t\b
\r\f\t, \r \t \n\t\r\t\t  \n‘\t\t\r\r
†\r \n\r\r\f†\r, \r \t\r\n \n\t ‰
\r\r  \t\n\r\r \t \r‰\r† \n\n  \n
ƒ\t† \n\t\t, \n\t\r\t \n\r\r\f\r,
Ž\n\b †\t†\n\t, †\t \t\n\r\b
‘\t\r†\t\n\r \t  \n\r \f\t\f\r‘
. \n\t \t\t\b\n \t\t\nŽ \t\t\nŽ
\f\t\n\t\r\t\n \n\f\r \n\r\r\f\r, \r‰\b
\b\r.  \n. 3 \r \r\t\f \r‘
\f\t\t \r\b, \t \r ‹\n\t† \t\r\t\r\n\r
\t‰ \f\n, \n\t   \f
\n\f\r‘ † \t‰ \t\r\t\r\n\b \r \t
\r\f\r‘ \n†\n‘, \r \t ‹\n\t\t \t\r \t‰
 \t\n\n \f\t\n\t\t \t \r‰\r
\f † \r ‹\f\n†\t \r\f\r‘
\n†\n‘. \n\t \r\t\r\n \f \r\r‚†
\t †† † \t† \r
\n\r\n‘ ‹\f\n\t‘ \f\t†\t\n\t
\r\t \t\n\t† \r\t\t† \f\t\n
\r\nŽ\n\b ‘\r \r \r‰\r 
\f\n\r\n\r\f\r \t\n‘ \t, \r†,
\t\t \n\r\r\f, \t\t \b
\f \f  \b   Dialight
…-…
High Bay
High Bay
Linear
Linear
High Bay
\t\f•\r CO
\t\f•\r CO
\r\t\t\r\b \r \r\f\r‘ \n†\n‘,
\r\b \n\r\r\f  \n\n \t\n\n\t\t\t
\n\t\r\b \t\n †\t\t \t\n\r\n\t\t
\n\t \n. \r †\t‰\n \r\n\r
\t†; \f\t\n\f\r\b \n\r\r\f †\t‰\n
\b­‡­” ˆ™ ……’
  \n\r\r\f, \t \n\t ‚? €\t\b
\r† \r\n† ‚\r\b† ‘
\n\t\r\t\t \f\r\f\r \t\r\r ‚\r\t\f\r
\t†\t‰\t\n\r \b \t \n\r\r\f\t, \t
\t-‰† \r†Ž\n\b \f\t\n\t \n\r †,
\b \n\t\r\t\b \n\n\r.
†\t\n\b  \n\t, \n\t    \f\n\r\f
\t\r‘\t\r\n \f\n\r\b † 400-\n\n‘
\t\b‘ †,  \t ‘ \b‘
\t†\t‰\t \r \r\n† \n\t\r\t\t\t
\t\b‚† \f \t\f\r\r. 1000-\n\n
\t\b †  \n\f•\r  †\t†\n
 \r†Ž\n \n\n\r \r \n\t\r\t\t,
\t \n\f\b \n\n\r ‰ \r\t\n\b,
\r\r  \r‰ ‚† •† \n\t\r\t\t \t
\n\t† \t\n\t\f\t† 200 Ž† \r ‚.
Š\t†\r†\t ‹\f\n\r\t\t \r\t\t\r\b
\t\n\r †\t•\t\n\r \t\b \t†\t‰
\n\b  \t\n\b‰\r\r \t †\r \t\n
\n \r\t\r\b \b\f\t\n\r \fŽŽ\n \n
\r 100%), \r\r \t\t \r\t\r\b \b
«\r\n\f\n\t\t» \t•\r\b \b \n\t†
\n \r \r\t\n \tŽ \b\f\t\n, \n\t 
†\t \f\t\r\n\t \n. Š\r \r\t\t\r\r
\t•\t\n\r \r \r\r\r \t‘
ˆ ‘…  •Ž ƒ… ˆ€…
\t\t\n\r, \f†\t\n\r \r \t†\t‰\t\n\r
\r†\r , \t\r\t\r\n\r \n\t\r\t\t\t
\t•\r\b \tŽ\n \r\n† \t•\r\b 
\t†\t‰\t\nŽ \r\n\r\t\t\t \r\b.
\n\r \r\n† \t\n\bŽ\n\b \t \n\t†\r
†\r \b\r, \t†\rŽ•\r†\r\b \r\t†\r .
\n\r\r\f\r Ž\n   \t\t‰
Ž \t\n\t \nŽ \r\n† \f\t\n\t\b
\r \r†Ž\n \t†\t‰\t\n \t\t•\n \t\n\t\b•Ž\b
\r\f \f ‚  \r\n† \t\r\n \t
\b \n‘\t\t\r\b \t\n, \n\t \t\r
 \t\r\t\n \t‚  \t‰ \r\f
\n\r\t\n \t\r\t\n  \t–\f\n  \t\r\f‘
\r‘ †.  , \r \n \t
•\r\b, \f\t\n\t\b \t\n ‰\r.
Š\t\f\t\f \t††\t \t\r \b
\f\t\n\t\b \r \t‘\t\r†\t\n\r †\t‰\n \n 
\f\n, \f\r\f †\t‰\n \f\t\n\t\r\t\n \tŽ
Š\t†\r†\t \t†\t‰\t\n\r \t\r\b
\t\n\f‚\r‘ \r\r \n\r\t ‚‚\r‘ \r
\n\t\b \n\r\r\f\t, \r\n† \t•\r\b
 \t†\t‰\t\nŽ \t† \r\t†\r 
» \r\n† \t\r\t\n \t–\f\n
†\t\n  \t† †\r \t\n‰\r\n
‹\t\t\n\r  \f\n¦; \n\f\r \r\n
† \r \t‘\t\r†\t\n\r ‰ †\t\n \n
\t††\r\t  \r\t\r \t
\n\t\rŽ, \r†, \r\t\n \t
\t‚\t  \f\r  \n \r\r \r\n\t\t
\r†\r\b \n\r  ‹\f\n\t‹\rŽ, \b
\t\r\b \t \f†‘ \n\t 
\b \t‰\r\b \t\n\t\b\t\t \t\b
\t•\t\n\r  \t\n\b‰\r\r \t\f ‰
† \n\f‰ \t\n \t†\t‰\t\n \t‰\r\b
\t\n\t\b\t\t \n\t\t\t \t\n\t\f. Š\r \r\r\r
\t, \n\t \t\n \t
\t \t\n\t\f \r \t\r\t\r\n \f\t\f\n\r\t\f\r, 
Š\t †\t\r‘ \n \r\t\t\r\b \t\b
\r\b \t\r \n\t \r\r  †\r\t\t†
\t\r\b \r\t\t  \r‘ \r\r\f\n\t
‘ \r \r‘ \n\t \n‘  \t\n\b‰\r\r
\t\r‘ 50  \r‚\r† \n,  \n\t\b• 
\f\t  \b\f\t\n\r, \f\t\n\t †\t‰\t \r\t\t\n 
\n \r†•\n  \n\t\f\r \r\b 
\t\t\t \t•\r\b. Š\t \rŽ  \r†\r
\r\r \r‘ \t‘ •\n \r \t\rŽ\n
\r ‹\n\r \r†•\n \r \r \f\n\r
  \n\r\b \t \rŽ \n\t\r\t\t 
\r\b ‘ \n\t\r\t\t \r \r
\t\r\n\t\t \r\t\r\b \b\f\t\n\r \r
\n\f\n† \t\n\r\n† \r\n††
\r\b  \t\r‘ \t‘, \t\r\b ‚Ž
-40
-30
-40
-30
„Ž†\r\n † (\b† \n\f\r
\t\nŽ\n ‚  ‘\t\t‘ \n†\n‘,
\r\n\b \t\n -29
C \t +10
(\t\n\r\n\b \r\t†
-40
Abstract
Signišcant performance
and reliability improvements made
in light emitting diode (LED)
technology have enabled LED-based
šttings to be used in place of
traditional lighting solutions such
as high pressure sodium and
›uorescent sources.
This paper by Igor Antin of
specialist LED lighting manufacturer
disadvantages of LED šttings against
traditional šttings as well as
other §long life™ lighting technologies.
The paper also demonstrates how LED
and reliability in hazardous areas and
extreme environments while improving
the quality of light and reducing the
total cost of ownership (TCO) by reduced
maintenance, spares and mandatory
hazardous inspections.
Results
After years of purchasing
and installing HID lamp sources,
the lighting world has quickly
acknowledged LED technology
as a viable alternative. Although
it has been integrated into
multiple indication or signaling
type applications over the last 50+ years,
the technology has now improved
signišcantly for high brightness
white LEDs which allows for
integration into illumination šxtures.
integrity, quality of light and reliability
with the adoption of LED technology.
Compared to other lighting technologies,
LED requires much less maintenance,
creates less risk of šre, consumes less power,
mercury or hazardous material and generates
onclusions
The world™s largest companies
have already realized the
benešts and become more proactive
in the rapid adoption of the technology.
With future improvements
in the white LED technology
and the integration of advanced
dimming and remote monitoring,
intelligent lighting solutions
will further enhance a facility,
allowing for more control
and predictability.
Keywords
LED, light emitting diode,
lighting system, low pressure sodium (LPS),
lumens, lumen maintenance, lux, t-rating,
e¥cacy, high intensity discharge (HID),
(HPS), mercury vapour (MV), induction,
colour rendering index (CRI), correlated
colour temperature (CCT).
Authors:
Igor Antin
— VP Sales Eastern Europe
Solid state led lighting technology for
hazardous environments; lowering total cost of ownership
UDC 621.3
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
nts@runeft.ru
 —  2004 ’…‡­. ’…‡ Š  
…” …ˆ ‚…‡ ‡… 7,5  . ˆ…  
…­ «­\n\r\r\f\r  Š…» \t\t\t  \rŽ
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Topsoe»). \b \t\r\b \t\n \n\t
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 \t\f\t† \f†\t  \t\f\r †\n. ‘\t
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«Foster Wheeler».
 2016 . (1 \r 2 \f\n) \r\t
\t \n\n «ˆ\t-5»  \t\f\n\t† \r\t†
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\t  \r  \f\n\r\n\t \r \t\f\t†
\n\n \f\t†\r\b «UOP».
 2017-2018 \t‘ \r\n\b \n\t\r\n
\n\t \n\t\f\r \r\t\f\f\r \f†\t\t
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\n\f‰ \r  \nŽ•\r ‹\n\f
\t  \t•\f\r \t \n \r\t\t 
\f\n \t†‰\n\t‘, \n\t  \f\n\r
\t\t\r\n \r\r\n ‰\t\n \t\n \n‘
\t\t\r\f\r‘ \t–\f\n\t,  \n\f‰ \t\r\n
\t\n\f \n\r,  \n\t\n\r, \t\n\b†\t 
‰\t\t\t‰† \n\t\n\t†. •\r 
\n\r\r\f\r  Š…» \b\bŽ\n\b •\r \r\t
\n \f\t†\r\r, \r \f\t\n\t‘ «VITOL»,
«GLENCORE», «MERCURIA», «LITASCO».
–† \r\n\r\r   \t\f\n  2010 . \t
2015 . \r\t  \t 2 †. \t.
\b\n\r\b \b\b\n\b \t\r\r 16 †\n 2012 .
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 \t•Ž †† \t 750 †. \t. \t
†\n\rŽ\n\t \t‚\r \t \t\r\t
­ «\t†\f», Raiffeisen Bank
International AG \r …­ «  \f» \t
†\n\t  Glencore International AG, Vitol S.A.,
…­ «\t‹\f\f» \r WestLB AG („\t\t).
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 \t\r \f\r‘ \b‘  \t\r†  \r
3. … ƒ­€ ˆ • †€­”ˆ
• АНПЗ
• АНПЗ
• АНПЗ
• Тюменский
\r†•\n \t \b\b\n\b \r\t\t\r
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Separation Specialists).
€\t\f \r\t\t\r\f\t  \t\r\n\f\r \n\t\f\t (††
  \r\t\f\n\t \f\t†\r\r GE Water
and Process Technologies).
€\t\f \t\t\r\n\f\r \n\t\f\t (\t ‘\n
\r \t\r\n \n†Ž \n \t\r\n\f\r
\n\t‘ \t, \t\f•\r \t\t  \n†\t
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7,5 † \n\t (IV \f\n 2013 .)
ˆ\t-2;
ˆ\t-5 (\r ž IV \f\n 2014 .;
94% (IV \f\n 2015 .)
Abstract
Antipinsky refinery — a relatively
young company, whose history dates
back to 2004. Today the company is
operating two queues — the
production and refining of oil.
Among the products produced by the
plant, is diesel fuel, naphtha, bitumen,
attention is paid to the production of
hydrotreating, isomerization and vacuum
To date Antipinsky refinery provides its
products not only to the Tyumen region,
but also the countries of near and far
abroad countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
China. Urals Federal District - one of the
largest consumers of diesel fuel, and
thence to Europe comes naphtha.
Keywords
products, gasoline, fuel oil,
diesel fuel.
Authors:
Dominik I. Sokolov
— correspondent;
nts@runeft.ru
Powerful data resource showing the state of RF national
fuel-and-energy complex and industry sectors › innovative
visualization and analysis
UDC 665.62
OIL REFINING
ˆ.: (3452) 28-43-01
„ƒ: (3452) 28-41-80
e-mail: info@annpz.ru
www.annpz.ru
l_baibekova@mail.ru
  53714-2009.
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€\n\t .­. \r . \t\r,
†\t †\n\r,
\n‘\r\f\r ‰\r\f\t\n\r.
­\t\n\r†\n \r \r†\r.
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30-35
. 2- \t\n\t
\r \t\t\t. .:  «\n\f\r 
3.
\r \n‘\t» (ICATS, 2011).
Š\t‚\r \n\t\n\r
\n\t  \t  \n\r\r
\t\n\f\r \n\b‘
†\n\t\t‰\r  \r \f\t†\f\t
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\n  \r \r\t‘ \r\n†\t:
\n\r †‰\t\t 
\t-\f\n\r\f\t 
\f\t\r\r. ƒ:
 153-39.4-034-98. \n\f\r\b
\t \f\t\n\tŽ \r \t\rŽ
\t‘\t\n\r \f\n
\n\t\f\n\t  \r\b\n\r\b‘
\n\t\t\t\t\t \n\t\n
\r \n‘. .:
20 \n ­ˆ. \t\r\f
\n\n . \f\r\b \n\r
\r . .: ‘\r\f,
Abstract
substandard motor gasoline obtained from a
It was found that the higher the content of
resins in the composition of gasoline, the
lower the gumming speed. Such tendency is
obtained for gasoline produced from
a diœerent carbon fuels.
actual pitches in motor fuels
Results
of various resinišcation
gasoline hydrocarbons.
onclusions
The content of pitches as
a part of gasolines is higher,
the speed of an resinišcation is lower.
Keywords
motor gasoline,
oil shale, coal, resins, quality,
Authors:
Vilen N. Sharifullin
— professor., Dr., Head of the Department
Andrey V. Sharifullin
— professor., Dr.
Lia R. Baybekova
l_baibekova@mail.ru
Kazan State Energy University, Kazan, Russian Federation
Kazan State Technological University, Kazan, Russian Federation
References
1. Safonov A.S., Ushakov A.I., Chechkenev I.V.
Avtomobil’nye topliva: Khimmotologiya.
Ekspluatatsionnye svoystva
[Automotive Fuel
Himmotologiya. Performance characteristics].
NPIKTS
, 2002, 264 p.
2. Anisimov I.G., Badyshtova K.M.,
Bnatov S.A. and others.
Topliva,
smazochnye materialy, tekhnicheskie
zhidkosti. Assortiment i primenenie.
Pod redaktsiey V.M. Shkol’nikova. Izd. 2-e
pererabotannoe i dopolnennoe
[Fuel, lubricants, technical liquids.
Range and application: ed. V.M.Shkolnikova.
2-nd issue — rev. and add.]. Moscow:
Techinform
, 1999, 596 p.
Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoy
nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii
«Avtomobil’ i tekhnosfera»
(ICATS, 2011)
[Articles VI International Scientišc and
Practical Conference «The car and the
Technosphere» (ICATS, 2011)]. Kazan:
Mir bez granic
, 2011, pp. 215ž216.
Povyshenie nefteotdachi plastov
na pozdney stadii razrabotki
neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy i
kompleksnoe osvoenie vysokovyazkikh
neftey i prirodnykh bitumov: Materialy
mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy
konferentsii
[Increased oil recovery late
in the development of oil šelds and
the comprehensive development of
high-viscosity oil and natural bitumen:
Proceedings of the International Scientišc
Conference]. Kazan:
(Tatarstan Academy
of Sciences), 2007, 723 p.
RD 153-39.4-034-98.
Instruktsiya po
kontrolyu i obespecheniyu sokhrannosti
kachestva nefteproduktov na predpriyatiyakh
truboprovodnogo transporta i neftebazakh.
[User Control and preservation of quality
pipelines and tank farms]. Moscow:
IPP TsNIITEneftehim,
1999, 56p.
gaza.
[20 years of Natural Sciences. Collection
of Articles. Section Oil and gaza]. Moscow:
Tehnika, TUMA GROUP
, 2011, 288 p.
UDC 622.650.401
OIL REFINING
churilin_andrei@mail.ru
\r\b \t \r\b\rŽ \r† 
 ‘\t†  \f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t \f\f\r 
\n‘\t\t\r\f\r  \t, \t\t† \r‘
\r\b \r \tŽ•†
\t\n\r ‘\f\n\r\n\b \t\n\n\f\t† 
\b, \n\t \n \t \t‰† \t\r
\t‚\r\b \n\t\n\r \t\r\t\n.
\t  \r \n\f\r‘ \t†\t‰\t\n  \b\b\n\b 
\t\r\t, \r \t\n‘\t\b•\r‘ \t \n
\t\n\f\r (rešnery oœ-gases). \n\r  \b\bŽ\n\b
\t (›uid catalytic cracking, FCC), †
\r\b\n\r\b, \t \r \t \r\n\f ‰\rŽ\n\b
\f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t \f\f\r -43-107  †\t•
\t  \n\r) 2 †. \n/\t, \t†\r†\t \t\t‘
…­ «\r-“\r†\t†»), \t\f\t ‘\t   
\n\t\b• †\b \f\f   \r\t\n\b.
\n\r, \f\t\n\t\t\t  ‘\t†  \t\n 10 \t 20%
\n\t \n\t\r\t\t  \r \tŽ\n  
ˆ\r \n \t†\t‰\t\n\r \r\n ‘\t 
‘\t\b•\r‘  \t \t\n. ƒ\n  \r \f\t
\r\n  \t\n \r†  \r\r\n \t\n
  \b\t\r\n \f\t†\t\n \n
 
, \f\t\n\t \t\tŽ\n\b
, \tŽ\n\b  ‘\t
\r\r \f\n\r\n\t  \n\t\f
\r\b †\t\n\t\n \f\n\r\n\t, 
\n\f‰ \t‰\r\b \t\r\b  \n\t
\n\t\t† \t\n\t  \f\n\t, \t\n\f  \t†
\t\n\t\f\t† \t\nŽ\n  \f\r\t\r\t\r.
Š\r  ‚  \t\n\f ‘\r‘ \t
 \r\t\t\r† \r\f\t\n†\n\t\t
\r\b \t\f\r \t\n \f\rŽ\n\b
 \n\t\t†\r\f‘ \r \tŽ\n \r
\t \t\r\r\b.
\t\r\t\n \r \t‚\r\r \n†\n 
\r† \t\t† \t\r\r†
\f\t, \n\f \f\f ††\r\f \f\t \b\n\b  
‘ \t\t , †\r\t\t  \r\r •\t\t  \t\r\n
\n\b \t \t† \r \n†\n‘
˜\r \t\f\r\t \t\n, \f\r\t\t \r
\n\r\r\n‘ \t\r\r  \t•\n\bŽ\n
\n\t, \r†, Olemax 100-series (Sud-
Chemie) \r NiO-MoO \f\n\r\n\t PuriStar
R8-21 (BASF):
\b\r
6-30
20-30
10-20
10-25
1-7
\b \f\n\r\n\t Olemax 100-series
\t\n \r†  \t\t\t\t \t \t‰\r\b
† 1 ppm \t.,  \t\n\r\t†  \t
0,01 ppm \t. \r C
— † 0,5 ppm \t. [4].
\t\t\f\r \t \f\t†\n\b \r†
\r \f\n\r\n\t PuriStar R3-81 (BASF)
c \f\n\r† \f\t†\f\t†  \t\t CuO 
\n †\n\r [5]. Š \t† ‹\f
\t\r† \r †\r (I) Cu
\f\t\n\rŽ\n\b  99,7%,  C
—  99%.
††\r\f (1ž3 ppm) \r†\bŽ\n \t\n
 \t†\t\n\t†\r, \r†, Selexsorb COS
(BASF).
• С
• Участвует
• Даже
ppm
• В
NiO, NiO-MoO \f\n\r\n\t‘ \r\r\t\r\b
CuO \f\n\r\n\t\t ( \t\n\r\t†  †\t
 NiO, NiO-M
O \r\r CuO \f\n\r\n\t‘
\n\t\t  \t\t CuO \n \r\f \t\t\r\b
\t\t\t\t \r \r‘ \r† .  \t 
), \b\bŽ\n\b \r†\r \b†\r \b \f\n\r
\t\b\f 1 ppm.
\n PuriStar R3-12 (BASF) \r\r Actisorb 301
(Sud-Chemie),  40ž50% †. CuO \r 30ž40%
†. ZnO, †\r  \f\n\rŽ \t\f\r
(COS) \n\f‰ \b\b\n
\r•†  \t\n\t\f ( \r\r ‰\r\f\t\n)
 \t‰ \t‰\n \t\tŽ \t,
 \n\t\f\t \f\t\r\n\t, \t\t\n\n\nŽ•
\t\n\t\b\rŽ •\r\b. \f\r\b \t\t
\t\n\f\n \r \n†\n 40ž120° \r
\t\t CuO \r\r ZnO, \r†, PuriStar
R3-12 \r\r Actisorb 301:
\t\n†\r, \r†, Selexsorb
COS (BASF). ˜ \t\n\t\r\n \r ‘
\n\t,  \n\n \t \t\t\b \n\n
‘\t\r\n  \r \n\n\r.  \n\t\t† \t,
\t\r\n\t†, \t\r‘\t\r\n \t\t•\r \r
\n\n\r. \r†\r\f\b †\f\t\n \f\n\r\r\t
\t\t \b \t \n\n\r \t\n\b\n 15ž20% †. [3].
(CO) \b\b\n\b \r
Ni(CO)4.
\b \r\b CO \r†\bŽ\n 
Polymax 301 (Sud-Chemie), •Ž•\r 
ppm \t.
10-300
ppm \t.
ppm \t.
500-2000
ppm \t.
ppm \t.
5-20
ppm \t.
20-200
ppm \t.
R-SH
ppm \t.
COS
ppm \t.
ppm \t.
ppm \t.
ppm \t.
CO
ppm \t.
\t. \r. CO
\r\t\f\r \t (CO
)  \b\b\n\b \b\t†
\r\t\r\t\n  \t\t\r† †\t\t\t\f\r
ƒ\t† \n\t\t, \r \t\n\r\n‘ \n†
\n‘ \r\t\f\r \t ‘\t\r\n  \n\t
20000 ppm) \r†\bŽ\n:
\t†\r\t, \r†\t \nŽ•\r  †\r
\n 40°, \r ‹\n\t† \f\r\r (10ž13) \r\n
 \b†\t† \r\r. \r•  
  \t\n \b\n\b  \t,
Š \r \n†\n
\r† \t\t\t\t \r \f\r\t\t . 
 ‚† \f\r  †\t\n \t\n\b
 \n\t\f \t\r\b .
\t\r \t \f\r\r \t\t•\r\b
\r \t\t\t\t  \t\r•\t†  \t
0ž0,5 ppm. \n\n\t\t \t‰\r \r\t\f\r
 \t \t\b\f 50 ppm.
2. €\t \t\n† \t\t\t†
\b\b\n\b •\t\b \t\r\n\f  \r†\r†
\r \t\r\b \b \t\r\b \t
Š \r
 \r\r\b \t\r†\r\r\r \r\t‘
Š\r \f\t\n\f\n   \r\n\f\t† \n\t
•\t\r \t\n\fŽ\n \f\r\r (14ž15),  \r
 \t\n\n\f \f\r\r (16ž17):
\f\r, \t 0ž0,5 ppm. ƒ\t\r\n\t \r\t\f\r
\t\n\f\r •\t\r †\t‰\n \n 2ž5 ppm.
ˆ\r \t\r•†   \t‰\r\n \n\t\f\t
\r \t\t\r‘ †\n\t\t. \t \t‰ \n
  \t\t \n‘\r\f\t-‹\f\t\t†\r\f\t\t
\t\n   \n\r\r\r  \r\n\t-•\t‘
\n\t\f\t (\b •\t\t  \t\r\n\f\r) \r\r \f\r‘
S \r CO
‰\r\b \r\t\f\r \t \t \t† \r\t
•\t\t  \t\r\n\f\t , \r\t \t\r\t\t 
\t\r\n\f\t   \r†\r† \t\r\n\t.
\r ‚ \t\t \r\b \n‘
\f ‘\t\t   \t \f\r\t\r\t\r†.
Š\r \t‘\t\r†\t\n\r \r\b \r\n‘
\f\t\r\n \r† ,  \n\f‰ \b \f\t\n\t\b
Ž» \t\r\n\f.
 \f\n\r\n\t‘ Puristar R3-16 (BASF)
\n† \r\r\t\r\b \bŽ\n\b \r†\r CO,
. \t \f\t†\t\n — CuO \r
ZnO,   \t\f\r Ž†\r\r\b. \f
\n\r\n\b \f\n\r\n\t \r \n†\n‘
\b\n\b \n\t, \n\t Ԡ\t\t\r\b CO, H
 \t\f\r‘ \t\f\r‘ \n‘,  O
—  \t\n\t‘ \n‘ (Cu \r Zn).
, COS, H
S \r
†\bŽ\n \r† \t\n,
\r†, Puristar R3-12 \r\r Actisorb 301,
€ ˆ• ™ …—ˆƒ
\rŽ, † \r\r†\r,
\t\t  \t\r\n\f\r, \t‚\f\r, \f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t
  \t\r\n\f\r,  \n\f‰ \r\r† \r\r
\t\n\n\n\r† \t‘ \t \t\r\n\f\r
 \r\r†\t\n\r \t\n \r‘\t\t\t \t\n .
 [9] Ž\n\b  \r\n ‘†
\n\t \r\r\t\r\b.  \r. 2 \t\f
\t\r\b \t‰ \n \t\t‰ \t
 •\t\t  \t\r\n\f\r.
ˆ\r \r†\b\n\b CuO-\f\n\r\n\t, 
…ƒ šƒ… …— •™ € ˆ…
\r\t \t\n† \t\t\t†
\r\b ‹\n\r \r ‘\t\t  \b\b\n\b
\f\r\t\t \r \r \n†\n‘
\t †\r 104°.  \n\f\t†  \t‘\t\r†\t
\r ‘ \t†\b\n‘ ‚ \r† 
•\r‘ \f\n\r\n\t\t \r \t\n\t,  \n\f‰
\t‰\t\t \t\t\t\r\b \b \t\t\t
\f\r \r\b \t\r\t \r \t\t‘
‘\t   \r \t-\t\r\t\b \f\r\b) 
†\t•\t\nŽ \t Ž 30 \n/,  \t ††
\b\n \t\f\t\t ‘ \n [9]. ˜\n\t\f \t\n\t\r\n
\n\r\r\r \r \r\b \n\t‘ ‹\n\r
\n\r \t\t  \t\t\t† \t‚\t 
\n  \n\t\t\f \f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t \f\f\r
 \t\r\r,  \f\t\n\t‘ ‘\t ‘\t\t  
\r\n 15 \n/, †\t‰\t \n \t \t
Š\t‹\n\t† \n\t\r\n\b \f\n† \t\r\f
\t ‹\f\t\t†\r‘ †\n\t\t \r\b
‹\n\r.
\r† \r \r\n\t, \t\t\bŽ•\r‘
\r\n ‘\t   \r \r ‹\n\t† \r‰\n
\fŽ\n\b  \r\r\n\t† \t\t•\r\r
\t\t\t\t  \t\t-†\t\f\b‘
\r\n‘  \r\r†\t\n\r \t\n \r‘ \r\t\t
‘\t\t  \t\t\r\n\b \r \n†\n‘
\r CO \bŽ\n\b
†\n  \n\t\r† \t†
  ƒ¡­, \n\t \t\t\b\n
\r‰\n \r\r\t\r\b
†\t\n\b  \r\nŽ
\n\t\r†\t\n ƒ¡­, \r
‹\f\t\t†\r\f\r \n\n \t
†\t\r‘ \b‘ \t\fŽ\n\b
\r‰ \t \rŽ
 \f\r\t† †\n\t\t†
Š\t†\r†\t \t‰\t\n  \r ‹\f\n\r\r
\r\b-\t\r\b») \t\n\n\f\t† \b\b\n\b
\n\t, \t†\r†\t \t\t, \t‘\t\r†
\t‰\r†\t  \f\t†\t \b \f\r\r 2+.
\rŽ  \f\r\t\r\t\r†, \t\n\n\t\t
ƒ\f \r\n\t, \r\f\t\n†\n\t
 \r‚\t  † \t\r\t\t 
\n‘\t\t\r\r \r- \t‚\r‘ \t\n \t\t
\t\f\n  †\r,  \n\f‰ \r\n\t 
\t\n\t\n\r  ‹\r\r \b \r\r
\t\n. †  †, \t \f\r\n†
 \r\f\t\n†\n\t\t \r\b, \r \t
\r‘ \t \r†\b\n\b  \f\t\f\r‘ 
\r\f\r \f\r\n \n\n \tŽ\n
\r\b ‹\n\r \r ‘\t\t . ­\n\t†\r
\r\b, \t\t\b  \r\r\r ‹\n\r
\t\n, \t\n\t\b•\t \r†•\n\t
\r \n\r \r \n,  \t \tŽ•\r†
\f\r\t\r\t\r† \r «\t\r\t\t\t »
Š\r†•\n \t\r\t\t\t †\n\t
\r\r†\b \n†\n
\b \t  \n‘\t\t\r\r \b\b\n\b
†\r 40°, \n\t \t\t\b\n
\r†\b\n \b \r\t\n\t\r\b
\t\t\t\r\b  †\n,
\r‰\b \f\r\n \n\n.
 \t\r\t\t-\t\n\t 
\f\t\t  ‘\r† \t\n\t\f\t†
\bŽ\n\b \t\f\r \t\n, \f\r\t\t,
†\t\t\t\f\r \t. \t\b\n\t\n
\t\t\r\b \t\t‘
\t\r\r   \r‘ \t\t \r \n\f\r‘
\n†\n‘ \r\n\t‰ †.
€\t‚\r\n\t \r†  \b\n\b
\r\f\t\n\n†\r †\n\t†\r,
\n\f\r†\r \f\f \t\b, •\t\b
\t†\f, \f\r\t\r\t\r.
ƒ\t† \n\t\t, †  «\t\r\t\t\t »
\t\r\n\f\r ‹\n\r ‘\t\r\n\b  \t\n\t\f
\n\t\t\t ‹\n\r, \n\t †\f\r†\t
 †\t  ‘† 
\r\t\n\b «‘\t\t  \t\f» \n..
\t‰\b \r\n† \t\n‘
†\t\t\t\n\t‘ \n\t\t†\r\f\t,
‘\f\n\b \b \f\r\t‘
\t\t, \t\n \f\t\n\t\t  †\t‰\n
\n ‹\f\n\r \n\t\f\t \r
‹\f\n\r\r  \t\f\n\t† .
ƒ\f \r\n\t, \t\n \t\n‘\t\b•\r‘
\t \f\n\f\f\r \f  \t\n\t\b.
Š\r \r†\r\r \t\n \b
\f\t\r\n\t \r \f\n\t \t\n‘
\t\n\t\f\t  ‘\t\t\t† \t\f †\t‰\n
 \t\r\n \t‘\t\r†\t\t
\t‘‰\r \b†\t\t \t\n\t\f
‘\t\t ,   \f\r\t\t 
\n‘\t\t\r\r.  ‹\n\t† †
\f\t\t \t\t\t\r\b \n\t\r\n\n \n\f\t 
Ž †\t•\t\n \t \rŽ  \t\r\t 
‚ \n\t\f\t  Linde,  \r†\b\n\b
\r\n‘ \r ‹\f\n\r\t‘ \n\n \t\f
\t\f†\t\n\r \t\n\r 1,7 \t, \n\t \r
Š\r 
‘ \t†\t‰‘ \r† 
 ‘\t†  \f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t
\f\f\r,  \n\f‰ \t
\t\t †\n\t\t \r‘ \r\b
 \r\t\t\r†
\t†‘ \f\n\r\n\t\t
\r \t\n\t.
Š\n \r
Ԡ \t\r\n\f\r \r \r\b
‹\n\r \r ‘\t\t 
\t\t  \t\r\r \r \t\r\r.
 \n\n \r\b †\n\t\t
Š\r†\r \t\r\t\t  \n‘\t\t\r\r
\r\n ‹\n\r  †\r\r††\r \n\n†\r
 \r \r† .
Abstract
There is shown the economic feasibility
plant from fcc oœ-gases to increase the
treatment fcc oœ-gases from contaminants
recovery are described from which the most
eœective one in terms of capital expenditure
is selected.
Data on the eœect of contaminants in the
recovery.
Results
A list of all the possible contaminants
in fcc oœ-gases as well as a review of
catalysts and adsorbents is shown.
and recovery from fcc oœ-gases by the low-
temperature separation, adsorption and
absorption are presented.
The absorption technology is
recommended by comparison as the
most eœective one in terms of capital and
operating costs.
onclusions
The use of absorption technology
for fcc oœ-gases separation can provide
contaminants removal.
Keywords
recovery, contaminants removal, absorption,
low-temperature separation.
Authors:
Andrei S. Churilin ›
Postgraduated student
churilin_andrei@mail.ru
Nina I. Zelentsova
— Ph.D., deputy director
Lomonosov Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies (MSUFCT), Moscow, Russian Federation
VNIIOS-nauka, Moscow, Russian Federation
from ¡uidized catalytic cracking o¢-gases
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Rudin M.G.
Spravochnik
neftepererabotchika
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Adsorbenty BASF dlya tonkoy
ochistki monomerov
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Recovery of valuable olefin products
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Ivanov V.A., Artemov A.E.
Sposob
chistoty iz gazov kataliticheskogo
krekinga
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from fcc oœ-gases] Application for a patent
Churilin A.S., Zelentsova N.I.,
Ivanov V.A., Artemov A.E.
chistoty iz gazov kataliticheskogo
krekinga
[Ethylene polymerization
grade recovery from fcc oœ-gases]
11-th Conference on the work
Moscow, 2012.
UDC 665.662.5
OIL REFINING
„\n\t\f\r .­., \f\t ˆ..,
\r .. \t\r\f
\n\t\n\r\f.
Stiglmayr U. Introduction
to refinery off-gas upgrading.
Conference "Olefin Academy".
Munich, 2012, pp. 917ž939.
Malik Z., Slack J. How to treat ROG and
make them suitable. 2009. Available at:
http://lppusa.com/international/web/le/
us/likeleuslbpp30.nsf/repositorybyalias/
lpp_gpa_paper_2009/$šle/2009_GPA_
Paper_Treating.pdf
(accessed 18 December 2012).
Spaenther W. Catalytic valorization of
FCC light off gas to yield polymer grade
olefins. Meedle East Chemical
Week, Abu Dhabi, 2011.
Rudolf P., Bender M.,
elimination of oxigen, nitrogen
from hydrogen-rich olefin-containing
gas mixtures. U.S. Patent ž
Catalysts. R3-12. Arsine treater
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http://www.psbindustries.com/pdf/
(accessed 18 December 2012).
Shreehan M. Recovery
of olefin from refinery offgases.
Digital refining, 1998, October.
Available at: http://www.digitalrefining.
com/article/1000215#.UMYGqawZZyU
(accessed 18 December 2012).
…  ­. ­\t\n
€­‡ \b \n\t\f\t  \t\r\n\f\r †\t\t†\t.
\t\n ‹\n\r \r \t. \t\f, 2012.
Hoffmann K., Kaufmann D.
Recovery of valuable olefin products
from refinery off-gas streams.
Chemical news, 2012, pp. 14ž19.
\r\r ­.., …\t ..,
\t .­., ­\n†\t ­.ˆ.
\t\t \r\b ‹\n\r
\t\r†\r\r\t\t  \r\n\t\n \r \t
\f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t \f\f\r. …\b\f 
\r\r ­.., …\t ..,
\t .­., ­\n†\t ­.ˆ.
\r ‹\n\r
\t\r†\r\r\t\t  \r\n\t\n \r ‘\r‘
\t \f\n\r\n\r\f\t\t \f\f\r. 11-\b
\f\t\r\b \t \t\n \t\r\t\n
kb@newcom-ndt.ru
anna@nord-ndt.ru
ˆ€… (BAM). ‡ •
ˆ• …‘„€…ƒ € ˆ’ …ƒ™
† …ƒ †€ €‡…’€„—ƒ…
\r\b\n\r\b \r \t\r\r\r, \t\nŽ•\r  
 ‚Ž•\t \f\t\n\t\b, \t\b\bŽ\n
Ÿ \t‚\r  \r\n \f \t\t\t\rŽ \b
\t\f, \n‘  \t\r \f\t† \f.
\n\r \r†\r\b \f\t\f\n‘ \n\t \n, \r‘
  \t†\t•Ž \t\n‘ \r\t\r ,
\r \t\nŸ\n\t \t\r\t\r\n  \t\t\t\r\b \r
\t\n \r\f\t\t \r\n\r\n\n \n\n\r\t\r\b \r
\r\t\r\b †\n\r\t (BAM).
\t† \t\b\f): «ARRAY 2905 HD», «Epson
Expression 10000XL», «Microtek MII 900
Plus» \r «VIDAR NDT Pro».
\r\n\r\f \t\r\t•\r\f\t \t\t \r\tŽ\n\b
\n\f\r †\n, \f\f \r\t \t \t\n\t\n\r
\n\n\t  \n\r\n\t\n\r \t \t\n\r\f\t 
\t\n\t\n\r (Dcs) \r \t\n\n\t\t 
\t\r\b \t\r\t•\r\f\t \t\t
•Ž ‹\n\t\t  \n\t\f\t  Ÿ\f\r — EPRI.
\f\t † \n\r\r \r‘ \t\t \n‘\r\f\r
‘\f\n\r\n\r\f\r  \n\r 1.  \t\t ‹\n\r‘
‘  \tŸ \r\n  \r
\r†•\n \r \t\n\n\f\t \f\t\f\n‘ †\t
\t†\r\b \t \f «ARRAY 2905 HD»
\t\r\t\n \r† «ARRAY CORPORATION»
 \b\n \r \t\nŸ\n \r\n\r\n\n BAM [2].
\r\b, \t\rŽ•\t \r\t‚\r  \t
\n\r\f\r  \r\t \r \f\n\t \r†\f\t —
•\r\f «Epson Expression 10000XL» \r \t
  \t† \f ž FVU00025897.
\t•\r\f «Microtek MII 900 Plus» \r
\t \f\t†\r   «Ž\f\t†- »
[3]. \r   \t† \t\r\t•\r\f —
S1CV800004. \f‰  \r\t\t \r
\t†\r\b, \t\n\b \t\r\t\r\n
†, \f\t†\r  «Microtek» [4].
“\f\n\r\n\r\f\r \t\r\t•\r\f NDTPRO
Industrial Film Digitizer, \t\r\t\n \r†
Vidar (Herndon, VA, USA), \r\t\r \f\t†
\r   «- », \f\t† \n\t\t 
ARRAY 2905 HD
• Самый
• Высокое
• Высокая
• Позволяет
\r\t  \t \f\t\f\r‘ †\n\t (\t ‚ 
\r\t†\r\r \t 10†).
• Высокая
• Значительно
• Автоподатчик
• Большой
\r\b \f \f\n \t\f\r.  \b\r  ‹\n\r†
\t\n\n\n\n †\t\r\t\n - \t\r\n \t
• Соответствует
DS
\t\n\n\t† ‚\rŽ \n\t\f\t
\b \r\n\t\r\f\t  ‹\r  \r\r\b
‚ 200 \f‹, \n\t ‰\n \r\t \t
• Требуется
ARRAY 2905 HD †\t‰\n \r†\b\n\b \n\t
•\r\f †\t‰\n \r\t\t\n\b \b ‚\r\b
\f\n\r\f\r Ž‘  \t \t\r\t\f Ÿ
Epson Expression 10000XL
\f ‹\n\t  †\f\r ‰ \t 10 \n
\r†\bŽ\n\b \b \t\r\t\f\r \n\t\f\t 
\f\r  \t\n \f\t†\f\t \n\t†\n\r\r\t
\r\b \r \t\r\b. \b \t\n
•\r\f \r†\t   «- » \t\n\t
‡» \t \r\n\r\b \t\r\t•\r\f 
\n\r \n\t\t\n\r \r \r ‘ †\t
\r \t\n\r\f\r‘ \t\n\t\n   \t\n \n\t\f\r
Π\b \r
\b ‚\r\t\f \r†\f\t» \r\r «», \r
• Минимальная
• Устойчив
• Сравнимое
ARRAY
• Простота
• Возможность
• Для
• Невозможно
Microtek MII 900 Plus
• Средний
• Простота
• Малый
• Крайне
\f\r\t\r\b \t\n‘ Ÿ\t\f \nŽ\n\b
\n\n\t\t ‚\r\b ž 9 /†† 
Ÿ\f \r\t  43 †  \f DS \n\n\b
\t‚ 6 \t \f\r\t\r\b ‹\n\t\t 
• При
• Низкое
\n\r \t\n\r\f\r‘ \t\n\t\n  ‚ 1,5 .\t.. 
‹\n\t†   \nŸ†‘ \t\n\b‘ \r†\f 
• При
dpi
\t\r\t\n \n\t\f\t \t\n \r†\f\r,
†\n «darkness» TWAIN-  \n\t 
\n\b, †. \r\t\f 1.
• Сканер
\t \n\r ,  \n\t \t\n 
• Очень
 \f\t†\f\n \f. •\n\n \t†\t‰
\t\n \t 10 ‰\r†\t \b\f\t\n\r †
(†\n «Darkness») \r 5 ‰\r†\t \r
\n\r\t\r\b \r («Optimization»).
\f\r †\n ‰\t \r\n \r \f
\r\t\r\r Ÿ\t\f \r\t  \t\n\t\n\r \r
• Невозможно
2,5 .\t.., \r†Ž•\r‘ \t \t\n\t\n  \t
Vidar NDTPRO Industrial Film Digitizer
\f VIDAR ‰ †\t\t \n \r†\bŽ\n
• Средний
• Высокое
• В
• Устойчив
\r‘ \t\n\t\r\b‘. Ÿ‰\t •\r•Ÿ
• Габариты
• Минимальное
• Возможность
• Очень
\r\r. ‘\r\f\t \t‰\r\r (†
\t\r\n\b   2 \t.
• Максимальное
Epson \r Microtek: 570 dpi († \r\f
\r\r \t\n\r\n\b \n\b \r \f\n\b
• Верхняя
\t\n\t\n   \n\t\b•\r  †\t†\n \t\n\b\n
Š\t†‚\t †\t‰\n \n \r†\r† \f\f
 †\t\r‘ \t\n\t\r\b‘, \n\f \r  \n\r\t
Š\r \t \f\t\f\n\t  †\t\r \f
\b †\r\r†\r\r\r \n\t\r†\t\n\r \t\t\t\r\b
• требования
\rŽ \t‰ \n \t\t\n  \n\t\r
\n\r\f\t  \f\t\n\r, \t\r  \t‰ \n
• категорию
 \t\n\t\r\b‘, \t\r\n\r\t‘ 
• условия
\n\t\r\b‘ †\t‰\t \r\t\t\n \n\t\f\t \f
,  \n\r\n \f \r\r\b†, \n\b\f
†\r \r †\t\n \n †\t\r
\f\t  ‚\r\t\f\r† \r\t\t†  \r \n‘
‚\t\r‘ \t\r\t•\r\f\t. \f ARRAY
\r†\n †\f\r†Ž  \r \r‚
\f\n\t \t\r\t\f\r: \t\f\r \t\f\n\r
\t\r\t\r\n\t\n\r, †\r\r†† \n\f\n\t \r
\t\n\r. \f VIDAR \r Microtek ‘\t\b\n\b 
\t\t  \t\t  \f\n\t\r\r, †\t\n \r†\b\n\b
\b \r†\f\t \t 4,0 .\t.., \t \r ‹\n\t† \f
Microtek \r†\n †Ž \r\fŽ \t\r\t\r\n
\n\r\r.  \b\r  ‹\n\r† \r\n† \t\r†
\rŽ \t \f\t† VIDAR. \f Epson \r
†\r\r†\t   \t\n \r††\t 
•  \t\t\t\nŽ, \t \r†\n \t\r\r\b \t
ƒ\f \r\t \r \r\f 2, \t\r\t•\r\f
ARRAY \t\n \r‚\r†\r \n‘\r\f\r†\r
‘\f\n\r\n\r\f†\r. \f\t  \t\t  †
ARRAY 2905 HD
Epson Expression 10000XL
Microtek MII 900 Plus
VIDAR NDT Pro
‡Š ƒ…ˆ…€…’… Dcs 0,02, .….†.
\t†\t‰\t\n\r ARRAY \t\n\t \r‚ \r
\nŽ ‚ 4 .\t..  \b\r  \n†, \n\t  
\t\r\t•\r\f \b\b\n\b †† \t\t\r†, \t
\r†\r †\t‰\t \f\t†\t\n \r‚ \b
\r\t•\r\f VIDAR \t‘\n\n \t\r 
\t\f, \t†‘ \r \f\t\n\t  \t\r\r. Š\r
‹\n\t† \t  \n\n \t \t\r\t\r\n\t\n\r \r
‚\rŽ \t\r\t•\r\f ARRAY. VIDAR 
•\n\t ‚ ARRAY. \n\t\n \t\r\t•\r\f
†\t‰\n \n \f\t†\t \b \t‚\r\n
 \t \t\r\t\f Ÿ\t\f.
\f Epson \r†\r† \r‚ \b \t\n
‘ Ÿ\t\f ž  \t\n\t\nŽ †‚ 3 .\t..
Š\r ‹\n\t† \t \t\n \t\f\t  \t\r\t\r
\n\t\nŽ \r ‚\r†.  \n‘ \b‘,
\f\t  \t\n\t\r\n  \t\r\t\f \t\n‘
\r†\f\t,   \f \t †\t‰\n \n
\r†\r†. ˆ\t \r†•\n\t†  VIDAR \r
ARRAY \b\b\n\b \r\f\b .
\r\t•\r\f Microtek \r†\n †\t\t \t
\f\r  \r\t \f\r\t\r\b, \f  \r\f\b
\t\r\t\r\n\t\n \r \r\r \n\f\n\t.
 \b\r  ‹\n\r† \n\t \f\t†\t\n  
€\t \t\r\t \r \n‘\r\f\r‘
\f\t† \r \n\t \t\t\n\t‚\r
 \t\t \tŸ‘ \r\t\r  †\t‰\t
\r \f\t† \f \t\r\t•\r\f\r \n\t\f\r‘
\t. \t  \t \n\t  \r\r \r\t  †\t\r
\n \n \r‘\t\b \r \r\t \t\n\r\f\r‘
\t\n\t\n  Ÿ\t\f, \t‰•\r‘ \t\r\t\f.
ˆ\r \t\n\t\n Ÿ\t\f  ‚\n 4,0 .\t..
\n\t \f\t†\n\b \r\n \t\r\t•\r\f\r
\t \t\t\t \r\t.  \n\t\f\t \b
‰\t  \n\n ISO-14096-1
Non-destructive testing ž Quališcation of
radiographic šlm digitization systems. Part
1: Dešnitions, quantitative measurements
reference šlm and qualitative control. Part 2:
Minimum requirements. 2005-06-15.
Evaluation of the LASER scanner Array 2905
HD. Berlin: BAM, 2003.
€ K.­., \t\f\t ­.„.  \t\t\n\n\n\r\r
\t\f\r‘ Ÿ\t\f Microtek MII 900 Plus //
Gavin Lin. Evaluation of the Digitizer
Abstract
The article provides an overview of X-ray
šlm digitizer systems oœered on the Russian
advantages and disadvantages of digitizers
were considered. The survey uses to not
only authors own research, but also reports
of equipment manufacturers and the Berlin
Institute for Materials Research and Testing
(VAM). The conclusions are about the
applicability of the digitizers in an industrial
environment. It provides guidelines on
the choice of digitizer, depending on the
problem, perfomance and price.
4 models of X-Ray šlm digitizers from
diœerent manufacturers were used.
Results
The X-Ray šlm digitizers specišcations were
compared. The Price / performance ratio was
shown graphically.
onclusions
Digitizer of X-Ray šlms represented on
specišcations and price range. The choice in
favor of a particular model should be done on
the basis of optical density range of šlms to
be digitized. If the density of the šlms is less
than 4.0 OD it is recommended to choose a
digitizer from middle price range. And just
for the šlms with a higher density the Hi-End
digitizers should be recommended.
Keywords
Digitization of X-ray šlms, contrast sensitivity in
optical density, spatial resolution, GOST 7512
Authors:
Kirill A. Bagaev
— Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics, technical director
kb@newcom-ndt.ru
Anna I. Uludintseva
anna@nord-ndt.ru
X-ray “lm digitizing systems for
radiographic inspection of industrial facilities
UDC 539.1+621.3
References
1. The international standard ISO-14096-1
Non-destructive testing ž Quališcation of
radiographic šlm digitization systems. Part
1: Dešnitions, quantitative measurements
reference šlm and qualitative control. Part
2: Minimum requirements. 06.15.2005.
2. Evaluation of the LASER scanner Array 2905
HD. Berlin:
3. Bagaev K.A., Gorchakov A.L.
standartu ISO 14096 otsifrovshchika
rentgenovskikh plenok Microtek MII 900 Plus
[On compliance with ISO 14096 X-ray šlm
digitizer Microtek MII 900 Plus].
Exposition
, 2012, issue 6, pp. 73ž76.
4. Gavin Lin, Evaluation of the Digitizer
\t . 1 — \t  EPRI  Microtek MII 900 Plus
Π\b \r
\r\n\b \t\r \f\r  \t-\f\n\r\f\r 
\t \r†\r\b \r \f\t\n\t\b \r\b.
\t† \t\n\n \r\t \r
 \f\t\n\t\b \r\b,  \n\f‰ \t\f\n‘
\t\r\r , \r\b\n \n\r  \f\n
‘ \t\n\n‘ \t\n\f‘ \r\t\t
\r†\r\b \r \f\t\n\t\b \r\b, \t†\b
Ž\n\b \t\n\t† ‹\f\n\r\r \f\t\n\t\t-
\r†\r\n‘ \r\t\t \t\r \f\t\t
\n†\r, \r†\bŽ•\r†\r \r\t \r\b
\r\t‘ \t‰\r   ‘\t \f\t\n\f\n\r
\t\t \r\t \r \r\f\r .
 \t\f \t \f\t\n† \t\t†
\r\n\r\b \t\n\n\t\t \r\t\t\n\t
\r\b  \t\n\r \r†\r\b \r\b,  \n\f
\b\n\r  ­\t\r\r\r \t \r\t† \r\b \r
\r\t\r\n  \r \t\n\r\f\t \r\t\t
\n\t\r\r\f\r‘ \r†\r  ‘\t\b\n: ­
  \t,  «Š ”­» (\t\f),
Š «\r»  \n\t\f\t  \t.,
\n\r),   \r\t\t\n\t\r\n  \r
\r\r» (\b\r\f).
\r\t\n\t\t \r \t\t\t ‰
«Š€¨» (\t\f).
www.manotom-tmz.ru
Š ­ˆ‚‘ ‚  Ž … ’­‹  … ’ ‚
­’…‡…€…‡…  ˆ…‡• †€…’ …‚€… Š
 „ˆ’‚… … …ˆ  ‡€  ˆ™ ……’ †…
ƒ…  …… Š ’­‹  …Ž  „ˆ.
22ž25 \t\f\n\b\b 2012 \t  ­ «¡»
(\t\f) \t‚\r 1- ƒ\b\f\r \n\r\b
\r\t† \r \n\r \r , \t\b•\b
†\b\n\r \t. .­. ƒ\b — \t\t\t\t
\f\t\t \t\r‘\t‰\r\b \n\r.
˜\f\r\n \r ˜\f\r. Š\t \t†† 
\t \t\r  \n (http://conference.deepoil.
ru/) \r \f ‹\f\n\t\t\t \t\r\f \n\r\t,
\fŽŽ•\t 124 \t\f, \r\t
\n† \f\t†\r\n\n ­.. \r†\r
†,  \r\n\n†\r \t†\r \f \n
†\n\r\n †\r\r\n Š , \n
\t\f\t†\r\n\n \t \n\b\t  \t†‚\t\n\r
ƒ\t†\r\n\n ŠŠ ‡ .…. \r\t, Ž•\r 
\t\n\t\r   ­ .. „\t\t, \r\f\n\t
Š ­,   \r\f\n\t Š, \f
†\r\f ­ ­.. †\r\n\r\f\r ,  
\r\f\n\t ‡˜Š  ­.. †\t.
Š\t\t\r \t\t \b \f\t\r\r
\rŽ \r\n\t\t 1-‘ ƒ.  \r\f\r\r \r\b\r
\n\r 33 \n\r\f, \f\t\n\t  \t
\n\r\b \t†\r\t\r \t‰\r\b \r
\f\t†\r\r \b \fŽ\r\b  \tŽ\rŽ
\f\t\r\r.
\n\r\r \n\t\r\r \t\r\f\t\t \t\r‘\t‰\r\b
\n\r, \t\nŽ\n\b ‚ \t†. 
\r  \t \r\t† \r\t\t-†\n\r \t†
\n\t\n \n \t\b\n\r\b \r \n†\r, \b\n
\r\b \t \n\t\r\r \r \t\r†\r\f  …†\r.
\t‘\t\r†\t ‘\t\r\n \t\n ‹†\r\r\f\r‘ \f
\t\n\f \t‘ \n\r\f\r‘ \f\r\n\r
\t\t\r\t\r\b \n\t\t\t\n\r ,
†\n\t\t \r \n‘\t\t\r  \t\r\f\t, \f\r \r
\t\t\r\b \r\t  \n\r.
†\t\n ‹\f\t\t†\r\f\r ‚  \n, \n\r
\r\b\r \tŽ\rŽ,  Š„¨ ˆƒ 
ˆ ƒ‡ˆˆ¡ (http://journal.deepoil.
ru/images/stories/docs/DO-1-1-2013/2_
Resolution_1-KR.pdf). ‰\b \f\t\f\n\r
\r† \n\t\t  \t\n\r ‚  \n,
\r \t\b ‹\f\n\r\t† \t†
\t-†\r\r\t\t\t \t\r‘\t‰\r\b \n\r, 
 „€ „­ ‡ ˆ •™ ˆ…€ˆ—ƒ™ 
šƒ†€ ˆ •™ ‡… Ž:
1. \b \t\t‰\r\b \n\b\t  \t\t\r\r \r
\n\t\r\t-‹\n\r\f\t\t \f\t†\f
‚  \n,  \n\t† ‹\f\t\t†\r\f\r‘
\r \t\r\n\r\f\r‘ \t\t \t†\t\n\r,
\t‘\t\r†\t \r†\r\t\n \t††
\t\n .­. ƒ\b \r .€. Š\t\r
\r\b \n\r \r , ‚\r\r ,  \n\t†
\t\t\t \r\r\b \t†.
2. \t‘\t\r†\t \t\t\n  \t\r\f
\n  \f\n (‡…, ˜,  , .
\t\r\r\r) \t †\t\r\t\rŽ \r\n
\t\t\t\t  \n†\t\r†\r\f\r‘
\t\r\b‘ ‘  †\n\r\r …†\r. \fŽ\r\n
\n  \t\r\f \t  \n.
3. \t‘\t\r†\t  \r\n†\t  \t\t
\t\r\t\n \r\r \t\t
‹\tŽ\r\r \r‘ †\n\r ‘
Ž\r‘ \r\n†, \t\bŽ•\r‘
\t†\r\t\r \t \f\t†\f
Ž\r\t‘ \t‘ \r\f\t†‘
…†\r  †\f‘ \r\r\r\t\t\t
\t\t \n.
4. \b \t\t\t \f\n\r\f\t\t
\r\t\r\b \t†† .­. ƒ\b
\r .€. Š\t\r \r ‘\t  \r‰ ‚ 
\f\n\r  \t \n‘\t\t\r\r
\t\r\f\t \r \t\t\r\b \r\t 
\n\r, \t‘\t\r†\t \t\r\t\n
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\r\r: conference@deepoil.ru.
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123298, …ƒ,
\r.: +7 (499) 192-72-92
cge@cge.ru; conference@deepoil.ru
www.conference.deepoil.ru
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