Шляхова Любимова. Английский язык. Контрольные задания. 2005


Чтобы посмотреть этот PDF файл с форматированием и разметкой, скачайте его и откройте на своем компьютере.
В.А.Шляхова
Т.Д.Любимова

Английский







«Высшая школа» Москва

2005

Контрольные

задания

для студентов

технических

специальностей

вузов

Издание второе,
исправленное и до
полненное



Контрольное задание

№ 1


Вариант

1

1.

Прочтит
е текст и ответьте

на

следующие

вопросы:

1.


2.

When

do


COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN THE USA

1.


in

colleges and universities. Students choose
"major" subject and make many courses in this subject.

2.


of Bachelor

of Science

(B,

Sc.), Bachelor of
Philosophy

(B.

Phil.) or Bachelor of Arts (B.A., if they s
tudy Greek or Latin).
-
After a year or two of
higher degree of Doctor of Philosophy

(Ph.

D).

3.

Higher education trains people to become teachers, eng
ineers or

to

do other professional work.

4.

College

students often continue their study at universities. Not all the students get grants. The

(Ph. D.),

three

or

even four years
.

5.

Many cities have colleges and universities that hold evening classes as well as daytime classes.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2, 4.

3.

Выберите нужную фо
рму глагола
to be

и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

School education in the USA
(is,

was, will be)

free.

2.

They
(are, were, will be)

second
-
year students last year.

3.

History
(is, was, will be)

the first lesson tomorrow.

4.

Напишите предложен
ия

в вопросительной, а затем в отрицательной форме и
переведите их на русский

язык:

1.

They have five lessons every day.

2.

We

had four exams last term.

3.

Students will have a lecture on history tomorrow.


5. Поставьте

глаголы,

данные в скобках, в
Past

In
definite

Tense

(прошедшее нео
-
пределенное

время).

1.

Не

(to get)
a degree in chemistry last year.

2.

I
(to pass)

my entrance exams successfully a few days ago.

3.

They
(to read)

many books on management last term.



6.

Составьте три предложения, используя
слова, данные в колонках, и переве
дите их

на

русский

язык
:

There is

2,600

universities in the USA

There

are many students at the university


a large library


7.

Заполните пропуски

предлогами по

смыслу:

1.

There

are three terms

...

a school year.

2.

University classes start
...

September.

3.

In America all children from

6

to

16

go ...school.


Контрольное задание № 1


Вариант

2


1.

Прочтите текст к ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

When do pupils take their

"0"

level exam?

2.

How many "A" levels are enough to go to university?

‮0 
LEVEL AND ‮A  LEVEL EXAMINATIONS

1.

Pupils at secondary schools in England (that is, pupils between tile age of twelve and
eighteen)
have two main exams to worry about. They take the first one when they are about Fifteen.

It's

called

"0"
(ordinary)

level.

2.

Many pupils take

"0"

level in about seven or eight different subjects. There are a lot of subjects to
choose from carpen
try to ancient languages.

3.

For

a lot of jobs it's quite enough to have four or

five

"0"

levels and usually these include English
and Maths.

4.

Some pupils leave school when they are fifteen.

But

if they stay at school, they go to the sixth
form and start

working for the second main exam: "A" (advanced) level.

It's

a difficult exam, so
pupils don't usually take

it

in more than three subjects.

5.

Three

"A" levels are enough to

go

to university.

But

if they

want
to go to such universities as
Oxford and Cambr
a good job with two

or

three "A" levels.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1,2,4.


3.

Выберите нужную форму глагола
to

be

и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

History
(is, was, will be)

my favourite subject

at

school.

2.

Private schools
(are, were, will be)

expensive.

3.

We

(are, were, will be)

engineers in five years.


4.

Напишите предложения в вопросительной, а затем в отрицательной форме и
переведите их на

русский язык:

1.

They


2.

This teacher had two lectures yesterday.

3.

You w
ill have three exams next term.


5.

Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в
Past

Indefinite

Tense

(прошедшее нео
-
пределенное время):

1.

The course of study
(to last)

five years.

2.

He

(to graduate)

from the university last year.

3.

They

(to Sake)

five exams last term.


6.

Составьте три предложения, используя слова, данные в колонках, И переве
дите их на
русский язык:


There

is

many students at the lecture

There are modem equipment in our town


only one private school
in our language laboratory


7.

Заполните пропуски соответствующими предлогами по смыслу:

1. English was difficult... me in the first term.

2.

There are three terms

...

a school year.

3.

Usually our lessons begin...

9

o'clock.


Контрольное задание № 1


Вариант

3

1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

At what age do children go to

school

in Great

Britain?

2.

What

does primary school

include?

THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN GREAT BRITAIN

1.

Public

education

in Great

Britain consists of Primary, Secondary and Further Education. Primary
and

Secondary

education is compulsory for all children.

Further education

is voluntary.

2.

All

children

in Great

Britain

go

to school when they are five. They leave school at

the

age of
fifteen but many boys and girls stay

at

school until they are sixteen
-
seventeen and

go to further
education or to university.

3.

The primary school includes nursery school

(2
-
5),

infant school
(5
-
7)

and junior

school

(7
-
11).

The mil secondary

school

age ranges from

11

to

18.

Children

go to a grammar

school,

or to a
secondary

modem
school
, or to a secondary technical school, or to a comprehensive school.

4.

The

academic year begins after summer holidays and has three terms with

the

interval between
them. Day
-
schools work on Mondays to Fridays

only, from

9

a.m. to

4

p.m.

5.

Before lessons start, the teacher and all the boys and

girls

meet for prayers. Then they go to the
classroom

for

the first lesson. At

one
o'clock children have a break for lunch. The break lasts about

an

hour. After lunch there is still

time

to go

out

and

play.


2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2, 4.


3.

Выберите нужную форму глагола

to be


и

переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

They
(are, were, will be)

first
-
year students now.

2.

She
(is, was, will be)

a professor at Oxford

two

years ago.

3.

I
(am, was, will be)

an engineer in

five

years.


4.

Напишите предложения в вопросительной, а затем в отрицательной форме и
переведите их на русский язык:

1.

Children have a break for lunch

in

the morning.

2.

We had a difficult test yesterday
.

3.

He will have

an

interesting job next year.


5.

Поставьте

глаголы,

данные в скобках, в
Past

Indefinite

Tense

(прошедшее

нео
-
пределенное время):

1.

My

brother
(to get)

a grant for further education.

2.

The

teacher (to
ask)

many questions at the

lesson.

3.

He

(to go)

to pri
mary school at the age of five.


6.

Составьте три предложения, используя слова, данные в колонках, и переве
дите их на
русский язык:

There is many institutes in our country

There are well
-
equipped language

at our university laboratories


a good library


many students

7.

Заполните про
пуски предлогами по смыслу:

1.

There are

42

universities... Great Britain.

2.

About

5%

of the population in Great Britain go

...

public schools.

3.

Last year my brother left school and got a job

...

a bank.

Контрольное задание № 1


Вариант

4



1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What countries use distance education?

2.

What are the advantages of distance education?

DISTANCE EDUC
ATION OVER THE WORLD

1.

Distance education over the world has a history of more than
100

years.

But

it gained popularity
only after 1970's.

2.

especially in higher educat
ion.

3.

For example, the Open University in England has more than
80,000

students who take about

140

courses per year. This university has

260

local teaching and

13

regional information centres.

4.

Such factors as age, place, daily activity do not serve as

limiting factors in distance education.
Distance education has two main advantages over traditional classroom education. The first
advantage
is

a solution to the problem of teaching staff shortage and the second one is the low cost
of education which give
s many people an opportunity to receive higher education.

5.

It is a system of education for different people at any age. This education allows each student to
have an individual scheme of study,


2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2, 4.


3.

Выбе
рите нужную форму глагола
to

be

и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

Не

(is, was, will be)

at the lecture yesterday.

2.

The test
(is, was, will be)

difficult.

3.

They
(are, were, will be)

second
-
year students next year.



4.

Напишите предложения в

вопросительной, а затем в отрицательной форме и



переведите их на русский язык:

1.

They had an English lesson yesterday.

2.

Students will have

five

exams in June.

3.

This university has a

distance education department.


5.

Поставьте

глаголы, данны
е

в скобках, в
Past

Indefinite

Tense

(прошедшее
неопределенное

время):

1.

They
(to study)

many subjects last year.

2.

He
(so enter)

the university in

1998.

3.

I
(lo go)

to the university by bus.


6.

Составьте три предложения, используя слова, данные в ко
лонках, и переве
дите их на
русский язык:


There is a college in our town

There are fifteen schools


a university


7.

Заполните

пропуски

предлогами

по

смыслу:


1. All pupils study a foreign language ...school.


2.

There was only a primary school...our village.


3.

They have no lectures
...

Sundays.


Vocabulary

1.

Bachelor

of

Science

(
B
.
Sc
.)

-

бакалавр

естественных

наук

2.

to


a

master
'
s

degree

-

получить с
тепень магистра

3.
to


a

grant

-

получать «грант»
(средства на образование)

4.

"О" (
ordinary
)
level

-

обычный уровень

5.

"
A
" (
advanced
)

level



продвинутый уровень

6.

public

education

-

государственное образование

7.

primary

education

-

начальное образо
вание

8.

secondary

education

-

среднее образование

9.
compulsory

-

обязательный

10.

nursery

school

-

детский сад
(для детей от 2 до 5лет)

11.

infant

school

-

школа для малышей

12.

junior

school
-

начальная школа
(для детей от

7

до

11

лет)

13.

grammar

school

-

классическая школа

14.

comprehensive

school

-

единая средняя школа

15.

distance

education

--

дистанционное обучение

16.

to

gain

popularity

-

завоевать популярность

1
7.

staff

shortage

-
нехватка персонала

Вопросы

для

самоконтроля

1.

Как

образуется
Present

Indefinite

Tense

(настоящее неопреде
ленное время)?

2.

Сколько

форм

имеет

глагол

to be

в

Present Indefinite

Tense?

3.

Какое

окончание имеют глаголы в 3
-
м лице единственного числа в
Present

Indefinite

Tense
?

4.

На

сколько групп делятся все глаголы п
о способу образова
ния

Past

Indefinite

(прошедшее
неопределенное время)?

5.

Как образуется

Past

Indefinite

стандартных глаголов? Дайте примеры.

6.

Как образуется
Future

Indefinite

Tense

(будущее неопределен
ное время)?

7.

Как

переводятся на

русский язык

пр
едложения с оборотом
there

is
/
there

are
?

8.

Каков порядок слов в вопросительных предложениях с

обо
ротом
there

is
/
there

are
?

9.

Какой предлог обозначает направление движения к предме
ту? внутрь предмета?

Контрольное задание № 2


Вариант

1

1.

Прочтите текс
т и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What is

the highest

building in Washington?

2.

What

is

the

most

interesting

museum

in Washington?

WASHINGTON

1.

Washington, the capital of the United States,

is

situated on

the Potomac River

in the

District
of Columbia.

Washington is

not the

largest city

in the

United

States but

in

the

political sense it is the

most important city.

2.

Washington

has

one

major business and

that

business is
government.

Many people living

in

Washington

work

for the federal government. At

1600

Pennsylvania Avenue

there

is the

White
House where

the

President

lives and has his office.

3. The Capitol, with

its great Hall of Representatives and the Senate,
is

the

highest building in

Washington.

There

is a law aga
inst building
structures more than

90

feet high in the capital. With its
beautiful buildings and its tree
-
lined avenues Washington attracts

a lot

of visitors.

4.

The

capital has world
-
known art

galleries,

museums

and monuments. One of the

most interesting
museums in Washington is
the

National

Art and

Space Museum. The museum has aircraft

and
spacecraft that were

important in

aviation history.

There are

even

rocks that the astronauts

brought

to

the Earth after their Moon landing.

2.

Переведите в письменной ф
орме абзацы

2, 4.

3.

а) Назовите номер абзаца, в котором Participle

I

(причастие

I)

является опре
делением.
Выпишите это предложение и переведите его на русский язык.


б) В каких функциях употреблено причастие

I

в приведенных ниже предло
жениях?


Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

The Library of Congress contains millions of books and manuscripts, including personal

papers

of
the US presidents.

2.

Living

in Washington

you can meet people

of

almost all nationalities.

3.

Millions

of emigrants

cross the ocean, hoping to find a better life
in

the USA.


4.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Present

Continuous

Tense

(настоящее длительное время), и переведите это предложе
ние на русский язык:

1.

Many people

visit

the

Lincoln Memorial

every year.

2.

They are visiting

the

Lincoln

Memorial now.

3.


when they

were

visiting the

Lincoln Memorial.


5.

Назовите номер предложения, в котором
Participle

II

(причастие

II)

являет
ся



определением, и переведи
те это предложение на русский язык:

1.

The

Capitol

is

the

highest building

in

Washington which

is known
as an

American

city without
skyscrapers.

2.

Many

important events

have

taken place

at

the

Lincoln

Memorial.

3.

Washington named

after the first American

President

is

situated
on the

Potomac River.

6.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Present

Perfect

Tense
(настоящее совершенное время), и переведите это предложение на русский язык:

1. Many

people

visited

the Lincoln Memorial

last

year.

2.

A group of tourists has just visited the Lincoln Memorial.

3.

Millions of people visit

the Lincoln

Memorial every year.

7.

Назовите номер предложения, эквивалентного данному русскому предложе
нию:


Вашингтон стал крупным культурным и научным цен
тром.


1.

Washington

is a centre of culture and science.

2.

Washington

has become

a great cultural and scientific centre.

3.

Washington

became

the centre

of

science

and

culture

in the nineteenth

century.


8
.

Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответству
ющей степени сравне
ния:

1.

Washington

is

one of
_________

(beautiful, more beautiful, the most beautiful)

capitals in the
world.

2.

The population of New

York

is

______

(great,

greater,

the greatest)
than the population of
Washington.

3.

Pennsylvania Avenu
e is

_________

(long, longer, the longest)
street

in

Washington.





Контрольное задание № 2


Вариант

2

1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What is the highest building in New

York?

2.

What

is

the longest street in New York?

NEW YORK

1.

New York is one of the largest cities

in

the world. It is situated

on
the

Hudson

River.

In

1626

the
Dutch Trade Company bought Manhattan Island from the local Indians for twenty
-
four dollars. At
present Manhattan Island is the centre of New York and its b
usiness section.

2.

New York is the city of skyscrapers. The highest skyscraper is the Empire State Building.

It

has

102

storeys and its height is

380

Centre. Rockefeller Centre houses

all

kinds

of offices, enterprises, theatres and music halls.

3.

Will Street is the financial heart

of the

USA. The National

Bank
and large offices are situated
there. Broadway is the longest street

in
the city.

It

is

29

th
e best known theatres and cinemas.

4.

The Statue

of

Liberty greets everybody who comes to New York by sea. Millions of emigrants

life

there.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме а
бзацы

2, 4.

3.

а) Назовите номер

абзаца, в

котором
Participle

I

(причастие

I)

является

опре
-
делением.

Выпишите это предложение и

переведите

его на

русский

язык.


б) В каких функциях

употреблено

причастие

I

в приведенных ниже

предло
-
жениях? Переведите пред
ложения на русский язык:

1. Feeling not well she decided not to go to the party.

2.

Many people running

in

Central

Park


3.

Playing in Central Park children are away from fast cars

and

busy streets.

4.

Назовите номер предложения,

глагол
-
ска
зуемое

которого стоит в
Past


Continuous

Tense

(прошедшее

длительное время), и переведите

это предло
жение

на

русский

язык:

1.

The children were playing in Central Park when we


them.

2.

Many children play in Central Park.

3.

The

children are playing in Central

Park

now.

5.

Назовите

номер

предложения, в котором Participle

II

(причастие

II)

являет
ся
определением, и

переведите его

на русский язык:

1.

Most skyscrapers are situated in the lower part of Manhattan.

2.

The Empire State
Building constructed in

1931

is the highest building in New

York.

3.

Many skyscrapers are made almost entirely of glass.

6.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в Present Perfect Tense
(настоящее совершенное время), и переведите это
предложение на русский язык:

1.

They built a new bridge last year.

2.

The workers have built a new bridge this year.

3.

The workers are building a new bridge now.

7.

Назовите

номер

предложения,

эквивалентного данному

русскому

предложе
нию:

Я никогда не был

в Нью
-
Йорке.

1
.
I

didn't go to New York

last

year.

2.

I have never been to New York.

3.

I wasn't

in

New

York

when it happened.

8.

Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответствующей степени сравне
ния:

1.

The subway in New
York

is
______
(cheap, c
heaper, the cheapest)

means of transport.

2.

Wall Street is

___________

(important, more important, the

most important)

banking centre in
the world.

3.

New

York

is
______

(large, larger, the largest)

than Washington.



Контрольное задание № 2


Вариант

3

1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

How many people live in London?

2.

What is the East End famous for?

LONDON

1.

London

is

the capital

of Great

Britain.

It

is

situated

on the river
Thames. It is one

of the largest
cities

in

the world.

Its p
opulation

is
about

9

million

people.

2.

In

the West End there

are

many famous museums, theatres,

palaces
and parks. The British
Museum

is

one of the most famous museums

in the world. It

contains the

most

important collection
of things from Greece and

Egypt,

including the famous Egyptian mummies. The

West

End includes
Trafalgar Square, Piccadilly

Circus

and the main shopping areas
of Oxford


Regent

Street and
Bond Street.

3.

The Houses

of Parliament built

in

the 19th century,

are

the place
where

the English Government
sits. Big

Ben is

the name given

to the clock

and the bell of the clock tower of the

Houses

of
Parliament.

The great bell

weighs thirteen and a half tons. Buckingham Palace

is the home of
Britain's

Kings and

Queens. Every

day a lot o
f tourists

come to

see the ceremony of Changing the
Guard in

front

of Buckingham Palace.

4.

The East End grew with the spread of industries to the east of the
City,

and the growth of the port
of London. It is one of those areas of
London where

people from
abroad have come

to

find work.

The East End is

especially famous as

the

centre of the clothing industry in London.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

2,4.


3.

а) Назовите номер абзаца, в котором
Participle

I

(причастие

I)

является опре
делением.
Выпиш
ите это предложение и переведите его на русский язык.


б) В каких функциях употреблено причастие

I

в приведенных ниже предло
жениях?
Переведите

предложения

на

русский

язык
:

1.

The Houses

of Parliament, standing

on

the left bank of the river Thames, are

not very old
buildings.


2.

Being

situated on the

river

Thames,

London is

also

a large port.


3.

All around

London

there

are

plaques marking

houses where famous
people lived.


4.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Past

Continuous

Tense

(прошедшее длительное время), и переведите его на рус
ский
язык:


1. They went

to Hyde Park last

Sunday


2.

Crowds

of people were listening or asking

questions

at

the "Speaker's Comer"

when we came.


3.

They are going

to visit

the

British

Museum.


5.

Укажите номер предложения, в котором
Participle

II

(причастие

II)

является
определением, и переведите его на русский язык:

1.

The

City occupied

by

many banks and offices

is the financial centre
of London.

2.

Trafalgar

Square was

made to commemorate

the victory of Admiral
Nelson at Trafalgar.

3.

Many famous

people

are buried

in Westminster

Abbey.

6.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Present

Perfect

Tense

(настоящее совершенное время), и переведите это п
редложение
на русский язык:

1.

Last year I spent

two weeks in London.

2. 1

have just come from London.

3. 1

was

in

London

two

years ago.

7.

Назовите номер предложения, эквивалентного данному русскому предложе
-
нию:


Он только что приехал из Лондона.

1.

Не

arrived from London a few minutes ago.

2.

He had arrived from

London

by

6

o'clock.

3.
He has just arrived from London.

8. Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответствующей степени сравне
-
ния:

1.

Oxford Street

is

________

(popular, more popular, the

most
popular)

shopping centre

in
London.

2.

The City is
_______

(old, older, the oldest)

part of London.

3.

London is

_______

(large, larger, the largest)

than Liverpool.



Контрольное задание № 2


Вариант

4

1.

Прочтите текст

и ответьте

на

следующие

вопрос
ы:

1. Where

is

the Kremlin situated?

2.

What places of interest do you know in Moscow?

MOSCOW

1.

Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is one of the oldest Russian cities. Moscow was founded in

1147

by prince Yuri Dolgoruky.

2.

Mosco
w became the capital of the young


Republic in

19
1
8.
Now it's the largest

political,
scientific

and cultural centre. The population of Moscow is about

10

million people. There are more
than
80

institutes of higher education in Moscow.

The Moscow

Stat
e University

is

the centre of our
educational system.

3.

There are many places of interest in Moscow. The

Kremlin
standing on the bank of the Moscow
River is the oldest

part

of the city.
It

was built under the tzar Ivan

III

in the fifteenth century.
Moscow

is famous for

its

theatres and museums. The

Bolshoi

and

Mal
y theatres, the Pushkin
Museum of Fine Arts,

the


are

well
known all over the world.

4.

The

Moscow Metro is comfortable

and

very fast. The fir
st line of the Moscow Metro was
constructed in

1935.

Since that

time

Muscovites have built

many

new

lines

and terminals.

2.

Переведите в письменной

форме абзацы

2, 4.

3.

а)

Назовите номер

абзаца, в

котором
Participle

I

(причастие

I)

является опре
-
делением
. Выпишите это

предложение

и переведите его на русский язык.


б) В каких функциях употреблено причастие

I

в приведенных ниже предло
-
жениях? Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

The Kremlin standing on the bank of the Moscow River is the

oldest
part of Moscow.

2.

Being

a large cultural centre Moscow attracts a lot of tourists.

3.

Facing Pushkin Square there is the cinema
-
house "Pushkinsky" built in

1961.

4.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Future

Continuous

Tense

(буд
ущее длительное время).


2.

They are visiting the Tretyakov Gallery now.

3.


Gallery

between two and four o'clock.


5.

Назовите номер предложения, в котором
Participle

I
I

(причастие

II)

являет
ся
определением, и переведите это предложение на русский язык.

1.

They have lived in Moscow since

1985.

2.

Moscow founded by Yuri Dolgoruky

is

one of the oldest Russian cities.

3.

The towers along the Kremlin wall were b
uilt in the 15th century.


6.

Назовите номер предложения, глагол
-
сказуемое которого стоит в
Present

Perfect

Tense

(настоящее совершенное время), и переведите это предложение на русский язык:

1.

They have never been to Moscow.

2.

They

visited Moscow last summer.
3.

They were in Moscow

two

years ago
.


7.

Назовите номер предложения, эквивалентного данному русскому предложению:



Он
и уже побывали в Третьяковской галерее.

1.


2.

They visited th
.

3.

They have already visited the

Tretyakov

Gallery.


8.

Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответствующей степени сравнения:

1.

The

Kremlin

is

_______

(great, greater, the greatest)

monument of Russian culture and

art.

2
.

Red Square

is

_______

(beautiful, more beautiful, the most beautiful)

place

in

Moscow.

3.

Kiev is

_______

(old, older, the oldest)

than Moscow.


Vocabulary



1.
manuscript

-

рукопись


2.

skyscraper

-

небоскреб


3.

enterpris
e

-

предприятие


4.

to


-

похудеть


5.

Egyptian mummies

-

египетские

мумии


6.

Changing

the

Guard

-

смена

караула


7.

the Houses of Parliament

-

здание

парламента


8.

the "Speaker's Corner"

-

Уголок

ораторов



9
.
Westminster Abbey

-

Вестминстерское

аббатство


10.

to commemorate

the victory

-

праздновать

(
отмечать
)
победу


11.

plaque

-

мемориальная доска


12.

tower

-

башня

Вопросы для

самоконтроля

1.

Как образуется
Participle

I

(причастие

I)?

2.

Какие

функции в

предложении

выполняет

Participle

I
?

3.

Как

переводитс
я

Participle

I

(причастие

1)

в

функции обстоя
тельства?

4.

Как образуется

Participle

II

(причастие

II)

от стандартных гла
голов? Дайте примеры.

5.

Как переводится

на

русский язык
Present

Continuous

Tense
?

6.

Когда

употребляется это время и как

оно

образует
ся?

7.

Как

образуется

Past

Continuous

Tense
? Напишите формы гла
гола

to

write

в
Past

Continuous

Tense
.

8.

Как

образуется

Future

Continuous

Tense?
Напишите

формы

глагола

to write

в

Future

Continuous Tense.

9.

Как

переводится на русский

язык

Present

Perfect

Tense
?

10.

Как

образуется

Present Perfect Tense?

Напишите

формы

гла
гола

to write

в

Present Perfect
Tense.

11.

В каком

времени переводится

на

русский

язык

сказуемое в
Present

Perfect

Tense
?

12.

Как: образуется
Past

Perfect

Tense
? Напишите формы глагола
to

write

в
Past

Perfect

Tense
.

13.

Как образуется
Future

Perfect

Tense
?

Напишите

формы

глаго
ла
to

write

в
Future

Perfect

Tense
.

14.

Какие степени

сравнения имен прилагательных Вы знаете?

15.

Как образуется сравнительная степень одно
-

или двуслож
ных прилагат
ельных? Дайте
примеры.

16.

Как образуется превосходная степень многосложных прила
гательных? Дайте примеры.

17.

Образуйте

сравнительную и превосходную степени прилага
тельных

good

и
bad
.








Контрольное задание № 3


Вариант

1


1.

Прочтите текст и отве
тьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What laws did Newton discover?

2.

Can you

formulate

the

Law of Universal Gravitation?

ISAAK NEWTON

1
.

Isaak Newton was

born

in

1642

in

the family

of a poor

farmer.
The boy

began his first scientific

experiments

at school.

2.

While

studying at

Cambridge

University, Newton formulated the binomial theorem.

In

1662

Cambridge

was

closed

because

of the

plague
and

Newton

returned

to his native village. For the next

two

years

he
devoted himself to scientific experimentation.

3.

Newto
n's great discovery was the law of decomposition of light.
The

scientist proved that

the

white light of the sun

is composed

of rays of light of all colours of the rainbow.

He also

discovered

the Law

of Universal Gravitation which states that "every particle

of

matter is attracted by every
other particle of matter with a

force

inversely proportional to

the

square

of their

distance apart".

4.

Newton applied the principle of gravitation

to

prove that th
e power which guides the moon around
the earth and the planets around the sun

is the

force of gravity. Another application of the law of
universal gravitation was Newton's exploration of the tides.

5.

Newton was highly honoured by his countrymen and in

170
3

he was

elected

President of the

Royal

Society. Sir

Isaak

Newton died in
1727

and was buried in Westminster Abbey.


2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

3, 4.


3.

Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной или пассивной формой гла
гола и
переведите пр
едложения на русский язык:

1. Newton______
(was performed, performed)

many experiments with

light.

2.

When Cambridge

____

(was dosed, dosed)

in

1662,


his native

village.

3.

Mass

_____

(is measured, measured)

in grams

or

kilograms.


4.

Пе
реведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на инфини
тивные
обороты:

1.

My parents want

me

to become a

chemist.

2.

He is believed

to be

a very talented person.

3.

Newton

is considered to be one of the greatest English

scientists.


5. Определи
те функции инфинитива и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

То

carry out this experiment

will

take

you a lot of time.

2.

The experiment

to be

carried out in our laboratory

is

very important.

3.

He

forgot

to

register

the

results

of the

experiment.


6.

Поставьте глагол
-
сказуемое предложения в
Past

Indefinite

Tense

(прошедшее
неопределенное время), употребляя модальные глаголы
can
,
may
,
must

и

их
эквиваленты:

1.

Не

must

work hard

to finish his experiment.

2.

I can devote myself to

scientific work.

3.

You

may

repeat your experiment.


7.

Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями
some
,
any
, по:

1.

The


System has

__

(some, any,

no) advantages over the English System.

2.

Do

you

remember

__

(some,
any, no)

facts from Newton's biography?

3.

The young engineer had

__

(some, any, no)

experience in

such
work.

8.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за тек
стом.


The two

most

engines are lighter and smaller than diesel engines. That makes them cheaper, and

that is

why most

cars and
motorbikes use petrol engines.

On

the other

hand,

diesel engines use le
safer and less dangerous. They are widely used in large vehi
cles such as trucks and trains.


б) Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной или пассивной формой гла
гола по
смыслу и переведите пр
едложения на русский язык:

1.

The engine_____
(coded, is cooled)

by water from the radiator,

2.

Most cars

_____

(use, are used)
petrol engines.

3.

The

electricity

____

(stored, is stored)

in

the battery.


в) Переведите предложения на русский язык, обраща
я внимание на инфини
тивные
обороты:

1. Rudolf Diesel is known to be the inventor of the diesel engine.

2.

We

expect them to buy a new car.

3.

This motor

car is considered to be safe.


г)

Составьте три специальных и три

общих вопроса к

тексту.

д) Выпишите
из текста все прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степени и
переведите их на русский язык.




Контрольное задание № 3


Вариант

2


1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What was the boy interested in?

2.

Which of Faraday's discoveries do you know?

MICHAEL FARADAY

1.

Michael Faraday, English experimental physicist, was born in
1791

in a poor family. The boy
began to work as an appren
tice at a bookbinder's shop at an early age. One day a man entered the
shop and found the boy studying an article on electricity. The man was surprised to see a boy so

for

the lectures at the

Royal
Institutions.

2.

The

boy went

to

the lectures and made notes of what he heard. At the end of the lecture he came
to Sir Humphry

Davy,

the great English scientist, and showed him his notes.

Davy

was surprised.
Late he made Faraday his assistant and h
elped him in his education.

3.


of force",
production of new kinds of optical glass, and research on
electrolysis.

4.

Faraday produced the
first
-

mechanical motion by means

of

current. This is the principle upon which (he modern electric motor is based.

5.

Faraday was very modest and he loved his work more than honours.

He

refused to become
President of the

2
.

Переведите

в письменной форме абзацы

1,

2, 3.

3
. Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной или пассивной формой гла
гола и
переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

The unit of electricity "farad"

____

(
was named, named)

after M. Faraday.

2.

The first lightning rod

_____

(was invented, invented)

by B. Franklin, the outstanding American
scientist.

3.

At Cambridge, Newton

_____

(was read, read)

with great interest the writings of Galileo.





4.

Переведит
е

предложения па

русский язык, обращая внимание на

инфини
тивные




обороты:

1.

Faraday is believed to be a great English physicist.

2.

We

consider Tsiolkovsky to be the father of astronautics.

3.

Popov is known to be the inventor of radio in Russia.


5.

Определите функции инфинитива и переведите предложения на русский
язык:

1.

In

1810

Faraday began to attend lectures

on

natural philosophy.

2.

To study

the

nature

of

light and colour Newton carried

out

many experiments with a prism.

3.

The lecture to b
e delivered by a well
-
known scientist is devoted to the problems of ecology.

6.

Употребите

глагол
-
сказуемое

в будущем

времени, используя эквиваленты

модальных

глаголов
:

1. He must check the temperature three times a day.

2.

In this figure you can see a

dia
gram

of temperature changes.

3.

He


7.

Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями
some
,
any
,

no
:

1.

The book contained
_____

(some, any, no)

diagrams.

2.

Are there

_____

(some, any, no)

diagrams
in the book?

3.

We

have

____

(some, any, no)

information on this problem.

8.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за ним


The

main part of the engine is called the block. It consists of the cylinders

and

the valves.

Air

and

The


pump.


There are

-
stroke and 2
-
stroke. All cars and larger motorcycles
are k
nown to use 4
-
stroke engines. But most

smaller

motorbikes use 2
-
stroke engines. They are
smaller and
cheaper than

4
-
stroke engines.

б) Определите функции инфинитива и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. It took

me an hour to find a

fault

in the car.

2.

The

engine to

be

used in this truck is of a new design.

3.

It's dangerous to drive in such bad weather.

в) Употребите глагол
-
сказуемое в будущем времени, используя эквивалента
модальных глаголов:

1.

Не

must check

a fuel level

in

his car.

2.

You

can easily do this work.

3.

You may find all the necessary material

in

the

library.



г) Напишите пять вопросов к тексту, начинающихся с
Wha
t
?
How
?
How

many
?
Where
?
Why
?



Контрольное задание № 3


Вариант

3


1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие во
просы:

1.

How old was Lomonosov when he left his native village?

2.

When

was the first Russian University founded?

M.V. LOMONOSOV

1
.

M.V. Lomonosov

was born in

1711

in the village

of Denisovka
near Arkhangelsk in the family of
a fisherman. At the age

of

17

he left
his

native village and

made his

way

to

Moscow.

In

Moscow he
entered the Slavonic
-
Greek
-
Latin Academy. Lomonosov didn't finish his last grade, as he

was

sent
with eleven other pupils

to St. Petersburg to

study at the

Academy

of

Sciences.

2.

Less


to

study


and
mining.

In

1741

Lomonosov

began

to teach chemistry and physics

at

the
Academy

3.

Lomonosov

established

the

fundamental

law

of chemical

change
of substance which is called the

Law of Conservation of Mass.

4.

Lomonosov founded a new science that we call today physical chemistry

He also

studied
electrical

phenomena

in atmosphere of the Earth, the

nature of

light, and designed an

improved
telescope.

Lomonosov considered nature

to be in a state of constant

change

and
development. Coal,

oil,


as a

result of evolution.

5.

Lomonosov was a great scientist.

His works

in


a great influence

on

Russian

literature.

Owing

to

his efforts,

the

first

Russian
University was founded

in

Moscow

in

1755.

This

university
bearing his name became the centre

of

knowledge

and

science in Russia.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

I, 2,4.

3.

Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной
или пассивной формой гла
гола и
переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

In

1745

Lomonosov

____

(was
appointed, appointed)

a

professor
at

the Academy

of Sciences.

2.

The first electric

lamp

____

(was invented, invented)

in

1873
by A.N. Lodygin.

3.

In

1911

Marie Curie
____
(was received, received)

the Nobel
Prize

in

Chemistry.

4.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на инфини
тивные
обороты:

1.

Lomonosov considered chemistry to be his "main profession".

2.

The air is known

to

be a mixture of gases.

3.

Lomonosov is considered

to be

a great Russian scientist.

5.

Определите функции инфинитива и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

Lomonosov began to

work

at an

early

age.

2.

Edison founded an

electric company to

supply electricity

to

New York and other places.

3.

The

experiment

to

be made by this scientist will give

us

important information.

6.

Употребите глагол
-
сказуемое в будущем времени, используя эквиваленты
модальных глаголов:

1.

They must solve a number of

scientific problems.

2.

She can do this work in time.

3.

You may use

this


7.

Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями
some, any, no:

1.

There

were

____

(some,

any, no)

other

higher

schools

at that time in

Russia.

2.

Can

you give me

_____

(some, any, no)

magazines?

3.

They carried

out

____

(some, any, no)

experiments yesterday

8.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания. которые следуют за ним.


Electricity is

made in many ways.

One

way is a battery, as used in a transistor radio. A simple
battery has a positive terminal,

connected

to
a carbon rod.

The carbon rod is placed

in a chemical

paste

inside
a

zinc

container.


Any

material which will allow electricity to flow through it

is

called a

conductor. Most


good

conductors.


A simple battery

converts, or

changes, chemical energy

into

electrical
energy. Other

forms

of
energy,

such as heat and light, may be converted
into

electricity. The
most common way of making
electricity

is

by the
conversion

of mechanical energy.

б) Употребите нужное по смыслу местоимение:

1.

If the petrol tank is empty, pour__
(some, any, no)


2.

There was

_____

(some, any, no)

water

in

the radiator, so
we
had

to

refill it.

3.

This mechanic can repair
_____

(some, any,

no) type of engine.

в) Выпишите из текста предложения, в которых глагол
-
сказуемое употреб
ляется в
пассивном залоге.

г) Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. What is a conductor?

2.

ood conductors?

3.

What

forms

of energy can

be converted

into

electricity?



Контрольное задание № 3


Вариант

4

1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на Следующие вопросы:

1.

What did Mendeleev discover?

2.

What fields of science do his works

embrace?

DMITRY MENDEL
EEV

1.

D.I. Mendeleev

was born in

1834

at Tobolsk in the family

of the
director of the

town

gymnasium.
He received

his

secondary education at Tobolsk and

then entered

the Petersburg Pedagogical
Institute. After graduation he worked as a teacher for

two

yea
rs.

2.

In

1859

he

presented his thesis, received

his master's

degree

and
went abroad

on a

two
-
year
scientific

commission.

Upon his

return

University, where

he
carried on his scientific

and

pedagogical

ac
tivity for

23

years.

3.

In

1906

he

issued a book under the

title
Contribution to

the Knowledge of

Russia

which contained

thoughts

of

the further development

of Russian industry and

economy.

The

greatest

result of
Mendeleev's creative

effort

was the discove
ry of the

Periodic Table of
Elements.

4.

One

of Mendeleev's

prominent

works is his

book
Principles

of Chemistry

in which

inorganic
chemistry was for the

first

time

explained
from the standpoint of the Periodic Law.

5.

A great scientist, Mendeleev devoted

h
is

life

and

energies to the progress of his country.

His

works embrace various fields of science



chemistry, physics, physical chemistry, geophysics.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2, 4.

3.

Заполните пропуски соответствующей активной или пасси
вной формой гла
гола и
переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

At first, the Periodic

Law

______

(was received, received)

very coldly by other scientists.

2.

In

1893

Mendeleev

____

(was appointed, appointed)

Director of the

Bureau

of Weights and
Measure
s.

3.

В
, Franklin

____

(was founded, founded)

the first public library and the University

of

Pennsylvania.


4.

Переведите предложения на русский я
зык, обращая внимание на инфини
тивные
обороты:

1.

The year 1
895

is considered to be the date of the invention
of the radio

2.

We

consider

Mendeleev

to

be a great

Russian

scientist.

3.

Manchester

is known to

be

the centre of cotton

industry.

5.

Определите функции инфинитива и переведите предложения на русский язык
:

1.

At that time

Newton

began to

think about

constr
uction of an

astronomical telescope.

2.

They made some experiments

to

prove

their theory.

3.

The procedure to

be followed is described

below.


6.

Употребите глагол
-
сказуемое в будущем времени, используя эквивалента
модальных глаголов:

1.

Не

must

illustrat
e this law by

several experiments.

2.

They may

carry out

these experiments at the

laboratory.

3.

She can

study chemistry at the university.

7.

Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями
some
,
any
, по:

1.

You must dissolve

____

(some, any, no)

salt

in

water.

2.

Tsiolkovsky

had

_____

(some, any, no)

money to finance

his
experiments.

3.

Did

Tsiolkovsky make

____

(some, any, no)

experiments

with the centrifuge?


8.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за ним.


A dynamo is

a

machine which makes electricity when it

is made

to rotate

at a

high speed.

It

is

often

driven by

a turbine, which may

be made to rotate

by

steam

pressure.

This machinery

is

then
called a turbo
generator. A

building

which houses a turbo
-
generator

is

called

a

power
or generating
station.


Most of the

world's

electricity for domestic and industrial use is made

or

generated in power
stations.


б) Заполните пропуски соответствующей по смыслу активной или пассивной формой
глагола и переведите предложения на ру
сский язык:

1.

The smallest piece of any substance__
(called, is called)
an atom.


2
.

A molecule

__

(made, is made)

up

of small particles called atoms.

3.

We

___

(use, are used)

a

lot

of electrical devices

at

home.


в) Переведите предложения на русский язы
к, обращая внимание на инфини
тивные
обороты:

1.

The atom is said to be neutral when

the two

charges are equal.

2. We

believe him to be a good electrician.

3.

Electric current is

believed

to be the flow of electrons.


г)

Ответьте

на следующие

вопросы:

1. What is a dynamo?

2.

What is a dynamo driven by?

3.

What is a power station?

4.

Where is

most of the

world's

electricity

generated?



Vocabulary


1.

the

binomial

theorem

-

бином

Ньютона


2.

plague

-

чума

3.

matter

=

substance

-

вещество

4.

inversely

proportional

-

обратно

пропорциональный

5.

the

force

of

gravity

-

сила

притяжения



gravitation

-

притяжение

6.

an

apprentice

-
ученик
,
подмастерье

7.

bookbinder
'
s

shop

-

переплетная мастерская

8.
the

Royal

Society

-

Королевское научное общество

9.

lightning

rod

-

громоотвод

10.

diesel

engine

-

дизельный двигатель

11.


engine

-

бензиновый двигатель

12.


tank

-

бензобак

13.


pump

-

бензиновый насос

14.

2
-
stroke

(4
-
stroke
)
engine
-

двухтактный (четырехтактный) двигатель

15.

vehicle

-

экипаж, повозка, автомобиль

16.

block

-

узел, блок

17.

valve

-

клапан

18.

carburettor

-

карбюратор

19.

positive

terminal

-

положительная клемма

20.

carbon

rod

-

угольный стержень

21.

chemical

paste

-

химическая (активная) масса

22.

steam

pressure

-

давлен
ие

пара

23.

charge

-

заряд

24.

to increase

the voltage

-

увеличить

напряжение

25.

to decrease

the voltage

-

уменьшить

напряжение


Вопросы для самоконтроля

1.

Как

образуется
Passive

Voice
?

2.

Какая

форма глагола в русском языке соответствует инфинитиву в ан
глийском?

3.

Какие

функции в предложении выполняет инфинитив?

4.

Как

переводится на русский язык инфинитив в функции обстоятельства?

5.

Как

переводится на русский язык конструкция
Comple
x

Subject
?

6.

Напишите предложение, содержащее конструкцию
Comple
x

Sub
ject
.

7.

Каким предложением переводится конструкция
Comple
x

Object

на русский язык?

8.

Назовите основные модальные глаголы в английском языке.

9.

Какую

форму имеет глагол

can

в
Past

Indefinite

Tense
?

10.

Назовите эквивалент глагола

must
.

11.

В каких

предло
жениях употребляются местоимения

some

и
any
?

12.

Как

переводится местоимение

any

в утвердительных предло
жениях?

Контрольное задание № 4


Вариант

1


1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

What

is the

territory

and

the

population of

Russia?

2.

What

kind

of country

is Russia?

RUSSIA

1.

Russia is

one of the

largest

countries in

the world.

It

occupies

an
area of

17

million square

Russia is

washed by

three

oceans and twelve

seas and borders on fourteen

countries.

2.

The

population

of
the

country is about

150

million

people.

Russia
is a constitutional republic with
President as Head of State.

It is one

of the leading powers in the world.

3.

The

climate

of the

country varies greatly. The coldest regions

are
situated

in

the North and the
climate here is arctic. The climate

of the
central part is continental and in

the South it is

subtropical.

4.

If you look at the map of Russia you will see the highest mountains in the Caucasus and

the

Altai,

the

Urals, separating Europe

from Asia, many rivers and large lakes. The longest rivers are the
Volga

in Europe
and the

Lena in Asia. Lake

Baikal

is

the deepest lake in the world and it has the
purest water on earth.

5.

Russia is a highly developed

industrial

country.

Russia is

very
rich

in natural

resources such as
oil, coal, gas, gold,

diamonds

and others.

It

has the largest oil

and

gas resources, concentrated in
Siberia
and

Far East.

It

produces cars, machinery, chemicals, textile and many
other

items.

6.

In

1957

our country succes
sfully launched the world's first satellite.

The

first manned spaceship
"Vostok" piloted

by Yuri

Gagarin, the citizen of Russia, was launched on April

12, 1961.

It opened a
new era

in the

history of mankind.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2, 5,
6.

3.

Найдите герундий и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. Flying from

Moscow to Magadan takes eight hours.

2.

I am proud of being a citizen of Russia.

3.

I enjoyed travelling through Russia last summer.

4.

Выберите требуемую по смыслу форму глаго
ла и переведите предложения на русский
язык:

1.

If I have time I
____

(go, will go) to

the Tretyakov Gallery.

2.

If I

were you I

____

(will go, would go) to

the Tretyakov Gallery
-
tomorrow.

3.

If

he

____

(studied, had studied)

hard he would have entered Mosc
ow University.


5.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на согласова
ние
времен:

1.

She

told me that she

had

many friends in Moscow.

2.

The


3.

He said that he would go to Lake Baikal the following week.


6.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на причаст
ные
обороты:

1.

The Volga flowing into the Caspian Sea is the biggest river in Europe,

2.

Russia is a land of a great numbe
r of rivers, some .of them being among the longest in the world.

3.

Numerous canals join all the rivers in the European part of Russia, making it the largest water
route in Europe.

7.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за ни
м.


Electricity can

be

dangerous if

it

is carelessly used. A faulty installation or a defective piece of
equipment can cause a serious

fire
and there is also a danger of an electric shock.



minimize
these dangers.



household
installation is the ordinary fuse. This is
simply a piece

of wire

which is connected

in

series in the circuit.

It is of

such resistance that

it

will
melt and therefore break
the current, if the current flowing in the circuit exceeds a certain amount.
When it happens, we

say

the fuse "blows".

б) Найдите герундий и переведите предложения на русский язык:


1.

A capacitor

is

used for storing electricity.


2.

Marconi was only twenty
-
one years old when he succeeded in transmitting signals by radio


waves.


3.


faulty

apparatus.

в) Выберите требуемую форму глагола и переведите предложения на русский язык:


1. If the

terminals

of a battery

are


_____

(will flow,
would low)
towards

the

opposite terminal.


2.

If a fault developed inside apparatus, a person

____

(would get, would have got)

an electric
shock.


3.

If you had increased

the

cross section of the conductor, you

____
(would decrease, would have
decreased)

its resistance.

г
)
Ответьте

на

вопросы
:

1
.

What

is


2
.

What happens when the current exceeds a certain amount?

3.

When do we say that the fuse "blows"?

8.

Вставьте

предлоги

по

смыслу
:

1.

Russia is washed

...

three oceans and twelve seas.

2.

The first manned spaceship piloted


the citizen

...

Russia

Yuri Gagarin was launched

...

April

12, 1961.

3.

Russia is very rich

...

natural resources.

4.

A fuse is a piece... wire which

is

connected... series... the circuit



Контрольное задание № 4


Вариант

2


1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.

How

many states does

the USA

include?

2.

What does the Congress consist of?

THE USA

1.

The

United

States

of America

lies

in

the central part of the North American Continent

with

the

Atlantic Ocean

to the East,

the

Pacific
Ocean to

the

West,

Canada

to

the

North

and Mexico

and

the
Gulf of
Mexico to

the South.

2.

The USA covers the area of about

3,000,000

square miles. The population of the country is

250

million people.

3.

The climate of the country is varied.

One can find

high mountains
and

prairies,

tropical

heat

and
arctic cold,

valleys

and

deserts because the country

occupies

nearly

half of the continent.

4.

The

USA is a highly developed industrial

country
-

The

main
branches

of industry are electronic,

electrical,

chemical and many

others. The

largest

cities

of the

USA are New
York, Los

Angeles, Chicago and

others.

5.

The USA is a federation of

50

states which

was established by the
Constitution in

1787.

Each
state has its

own government

and its own capital city The Federal Government is headed

by

the

Preside
nt

and the Congress, consisting of Senate

and

the

House of Representatives.

2.

Переведите в

письменной форме абзацы

1,

4,5.

3.

Найдите герундий н переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

Fishing and Fishing canning are important industries along the Pacific Ocean beach.

2.

The Congress

is

responsible for making laws.

3.

My

illness

prevented

me

from attending last night's

concert

at Lincoln Centre.


4.

Выберите требуемую форму

глагола и пе
реведите

предложения на русский язык:

1.

If

you

____

(go, will go)

to America, you

will

see a lot of monuments and museums.

2.

If

1

were you, I
____
(would go, would have gone)

to Washington
by plane.

3.

If he had stayed

in New York

a little

longer,

he

____

(would
have visited, would visit)

many
interesting

places.

5.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на согласова
ние
времен:

1.

She

said that

the

delegation

had arrived

in New

York

the day

before.

2.

The teacher asked the

students what

that word meant.

3.

He

told

me that he

would

study

English in the USA.


6.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на причаст
ные



обороты:

1.


aluminium

is widely used

in electric

engineering industry.

2.

Metals

are

good conductors of electricity,

copper and aluminium
being the best.

3.


a circuit one can

measure electrical current.

7.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за ним
.


The

electrical

appliances
such


tools must

be

earthed. Earthing

is brought

about by connecting

the

conductor.

As

an

additional precaution the

handles

of such appliances

are made of an insulating material
such as

rubber or plastic.


6)

Переведите предложения на русский
язык,

об
ращая внимание на согласо
вание
времен:

1.

I didn't

know

when the test of the new device would begin.

2.

The mechanic was asked

if the

new engine worked properly.

3.

He

said that he had graduated

from the

university

the

year

before.




в) Употребите глагол
-
сказуемое в прошедшем времени, используя эквивален
ты
модальных глаголов:

1.
We may

use dictionaries at

the

exam.

2.

The experiment

can

be very dangerous.

3.

All

the

electrical appliances must be earthed.




г) Найдите в тексте и выпишите


ing
-

формы,

которые являются герундием и
причастием, и переведите их на русский язык.



д) Ответьте на следующие вопросы:


1.

What

electrical

appliances

are

mentioned

in

the

text
?


2.

How

is

earthing

brought

about
?


3.

Why

are

the

handles

of

many

electrical appliances made of rubber or plastic?



Контрольное задание № 4


Вариант

3

1.

Прочтите текст и ответьте на следующие вопрос
ы:

1.

What

is

the population of

Great

Britain?

2.

What region is called

"Black

Country"?

GREAT BRITAIN

1.

The

United

Kingdom of

Great Britain

and

Northern Ireland

(U
K)

is made up of England,
Scotland,
Wales

and Northern Ireland The area of the UK is

244,000

sq km and its population is

57

million people.

2.

Great

Britain has a maritime climate. British winters are milt Summers are

cold

and rainy. Fogs
often occur in autumn and in winter.

3.

Most people live in cities and towns.

Great Britain

is a coun
ty of numerous

cities.

Birmingham is
one of the largest

cities

in the country.

It

is well known

for its

high
-
quality steels, cars, aircraft
machinery and electrical engineering equipment.

4.

Great Britain is

a highly developed industrial country. It is a g
reat producer of coal and steel.
Great

Britain

has shipbuilding, machine building, automobile industry, chemicals, textiles and
others.

The

industries are concentrated in

the

central part of the country. This is the so
-
called "Black
Country". South
-
eastern

England has less rain, more sun and rnore fertile

soil.

This part of the
country is an old commercial and agricultural region and

is

called "Green England" for its fields.

5.

The

United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The

monarch
has very little power and can
only reign with the support of Parliament.
Parliament

consists of the House of Commons and the
House of Lord.

2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1, 4.

3.

Найдите герундий и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. We di
d not know of their going to

Great

Britain.


2.

My friend was proud of being a student of Oxford University.

3.

After graduating from university he got an interesting job in Glasgow.


4.

Выберите требуемую по

смыслу форму

глагола и переведите предложения н
а
русский

язык:

1.

If I go to London I

_____
(will call, would call)

you up.

2.

If he had money he

_____

(would go, would have gone)

to

Great Britain.

3.

If he
_____
(were not busy, had not been busy)

last week, he

would
have attended the conference.


5.

Пере
ведите предложения па русский язык, обращая внимание на согласова
ние
времен:

1.

I knew that she had gone to Great Britain two weeks before.

2.

We asked her what places of interest she would visit in London.

3.

She answered that she was a student of Lond
on University.


6.

Найдите причастные обороты и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

Being a highly developed industrial country

Great

Britain exports motor
-
cars, aircraft, electric
apparatus and other items.

2.

There are about

1000

monuments inside
the Westminster Abbey, commemorating the lives of
famous poets and statesmen.

3.

There are many rivers in Great Britain, the Severn be
ing the longest in the country.


7.

а)

Прочтите и

переведите текст.

Выполните задания, которые следуют за ним.


Oxygen is the most abundant of

104

elements. It was discovered in
1774

by Joseph Priestly, who
obtained it by heating mercuric oxide. In industry oxygen is obtained by fractional distillation of
liquid air.


Oxygen is a colourless gas. It smells slightly

of chlorine.

It is denser
than air and soluble in water.
Oxygen doesn't bum but supports burning.


Oxygen is used to produce iron from ore in a blast
-
furnace and convert iron into steel.

It

produces
a higher furnace temperature and gives
a flame with a temperature of about

3,000°.

This flame melts


6)

Найдите герундий и

переведите предложения

на русский язык:

1.


2.

The
students began making the experiments with oxygen.

3.

There are different ways of obtainin
g oxygen.



в) Выберите требуемую форму глагола и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

If

you lived

in London you

_____

(will drive, would drive)

your car

on

the left
-
hand side.

2.

If I had time last week

____

I
(would carry out, would have carried out)

the experiment.

3.

They
__
(will do, would do)

it,

if

they have the necessary material,


г) Напишите шесть вопросов к
тексту,

которые начинаются следующими сло
в
ами:
When
?
How
?
Is

...?

Does

...?

What
...
for
?


Контрольное задание № 4


Вариант

4


1.

Прочтите текст к ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. What

is the area of

Canada?

2.

What are the official languages

in

Canada?

CANADA

1
.

Canada

occupies a great part of the North American Continent, The area is about

9

million square

is

the

second

largest country

in

the world.

2.

Most of Northern Canada has subarctic and arctic climate. Long
cold

winters last

8
-
1
1 months

and

sum
mers are very short.

But in

the
South

the climate

is

temperate.

3.

There

are many lakes in Canada.

The

biggest of them are the
Great

Lakes

which

are on

the
US
-
Canada

border. Niagara

Falls

attract a lot of tourists from all over the world.

4.

Canada is a highly developed industrial and agricultural country. It is a world leader in the
production of nickel, asbestos and

other minerals.

Canada has an ideal climate for growing wheat
and barley,

it
is among the world's leading wheat producers and

is

second

in

the export of wheat.

5.

The population of Canada is

24

million people. English and French are the official languages of
Canada and have equal status and equal
rights.

Canada is a federation often provinces and two
northern territories.

Ottawa

is the capital

of Canada

with the population of

800,000
people.


2.

Переведите в письменной форме абзацы

1,4, 5.

3.

Найдите герундий и переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.

Visiting Niagara

Falls

made a
-
great

impression on us.

2.

We

heard

of

his planning a travel

to Canada.

3.

Many farmers in Canada

are engaged in growing wheat.


4.

Выберите требуемую форму глагола и переведи
те предложения на русский язык:

1.

If the

weather

is

fine, we

__

(will go,

would go)

to

Niagara Falls.


2.

If I went

to

Canada, I

____

(will visit, would visit)

its

numerous

National

Parks.

3.

If he
____
(knew, had known)

about your plans,

he

would have joined you.


5.

Переведите предложения нерусский язык, обращая внимание на согласова
ние
времен:

1.

The

student said that he

had

visited

Canada

two months before.

2.

The

teacher asked the students

what Canada's political status was.

3.

Everyone

knew

that

Canada

had two official languages.


6.

Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на прича
стия:

1. Standing on the shore

of

Lake

Ontario, Toronto

is

the

largest city
in Canada.

2.

Toronto has a

lot of fine

modern buildings. City Hall being

the
most

famous.

3.

At night

the

Parliament Building is illuminated

by

thousands of
lights, creating

a view of a

fairy
-
tale palace.


7.

а) Прочтите и переведите текст. Выполните задания, которые следуют за ним:



it is more

convenient

to use

compressed

oxygen. It is
stored

in

special insulated tanks
and delivered in pipes

to

the

work sites.



Oxygen

is used in breathing apparatus.

Airmen and mountain
climbers, miners at rescue teams,

firemen entering smoke
-
filled
buildings, patients at hospitals need breathing apparatus

badly.



б)

Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на согласование вре
мен:

1.

The teacher asked the students

how

oxygen was obtained

in

industry.

2.

He

said that he had finished the experiment by two

o'clock.

3.

He

asked me if

1

would go

to the

scientific conference.




в) Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая
внимание на причастия:

1.

The air surrounding the earth

is

a mixture of well
-
known gases.

2.

Mendeleev arranged the elements

in order

of their atomic weigh starting from the lowest.

3.

The elements

in

the Periodic System fall into seven periods, the first

period

containing one
element only



hydrogen.



г) Вставьте предлоги, требуемые по смыслу:

1.

Oxygen was discovered...

1774 ...

Joseph Priestly.

2.

He obtained

it
...

heating mercuric oxide.

3.

It smells ...chlorine.

4.

Oxygen

is used

to

produce iron

...

ore

...

a blast

furnace.

5.

It gives a flame

...

a temperature... about

3,000

°C.

6.

Oxygen

is also used

...

cutting

and


7.

It

is delivered

...

pipes
...

the work sites.

8
. Patients
...

hospitals need breathing apparatus.




д) Ответ
ьте на

следующие

вопросы:

1. Where is compressed oxygen stored?

2.

In what apparatus is oxygen used?

3.

Why

do

firemen need breathing apparatus?

4.

Who else

needs

breathing apparatus?



Vocabulary

1.

to establish

-

основывать
,
учреждать

2.

maritim
e climate

-

морской

климат

3.

monarchy

-

монархия

monarch



монарх


4.

to grow barley

--

выращивать

ячмень

5.

danger

-

опасность


dangerous

-

опасный

6.

to

take

precautions

-

принять меры предосторожности

7.

household

installations

-

домашние

приборы

8.

to

connect

in

series

-

соединять

последовательно

9.

to

melt



плавить (ся)

10.

to

blow

(
blew
,
blown
)

-

сгорать (о предохранителе)

11.

to

earth

-

заземлять

12.

insulating

-

изоляционный материал

13.

capacitor



конденсатор

14.

radio waves

-

радиоволны

15.

fault

-

неисправность, повреждение


faulty apparatus

-

неисправный прибор

16.

cross
-
section

-

поперечное

сечение

17.

to increase (to decrease) resistance

-

повысить

(
понизить
)
сопротив
ление


18.
to

measure

-


измерять

19.

oxygen



кислород

20.

to

be abundant

-

иметься

в

изобилии

21.

fractional distillation

-

дробная

(
фракционная
)
перегонка

22.

chlorine



хлор

23.

soluble



растворимый

24.

furnace



печь


blast furnace

-

доменная

печь

25.

to weld



сваривать

26.

rescue

team

-

спасательная команд
а

27.

hydrogen

-

водород

Вопросы для самоконтроля

1.

Как образуется герундий?

2.

Каким

членом предложения может быть герундий?

3.

Как переводится герундий

на

русский язык?

4.

Сколько типов условных предложений вы знаете?

5.

Как переводятся на

русский

язык
условные предложения

I

и
II

типа?

6.

Как действует правило согласования времен?

7.

Если сказуемое

дополнительного

придаточного

предложения
выражено глаголом в
Past

Indefinite

Tense
,

то

каким

време
нем

оно переводится на русский язык?

8. Если сказуемое допо
лнительного придаточного

предложения
выражено глаголом в
Past

Perfect

Tense
,

то

каким

временем
оно переводится на русский язык?

9.

Если сказуемое дополнительного придаточного

предложения
выражено глаголом в
Future
-
in
-
the
-
Past
, то

каким

временем оно перевод
ится на русский язык?

Контрольное задание

№ 5


Вариант

1


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и слово
c
очетаний:

1. quantity а. жесткий (жесткость)

2.

alloy

b. углерод

3.

carbo
n с. растяжение

4.

substance

d. поломка

5.

tough(ness) е. количество

6.

hard(ness) f. ковкость

7.

ductility g.
разрыв

8.

malleability

h.
прочность

9.

tension

i.
вязкость

10.

compression

j.
сплав

11.

rupture k.
твердый

(
твердость
)

12
.

strength

1.

сжатие

13.

braking

m. вещество


2.

Переведите на русский язык встреча
ющиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:


absolutely, laboratory, steel,

elastic mechanical,

result,

atom, atomic,
structure, special,

temperature.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:


1.

Mankind


centuries in gradually

increasing
quantities but

only now they are

employed in

really great quantities.

2.

Today we know

more than


majority

of which are used in industry.

3.


the most

important one. Absolutely pure
iron

is

never

prepared except

for

laboratory purposes. The irons am steels

in

use

today

are

really

alloys of iron, carbon and other
substances
They can

be made elastic, tough, hard,

or

comparatively

soft.

4.

Mechanical prope
rties

of


of their

atomic structure. They include hardness,
ductility and malleability which

are
of special importance

in

engineering.

5.

Ductility is the

capacity


Mall
eability is

the


to

be permanently

deformed
by compression

without rupture.

6.

These properties are

similar

to each other

but not the

same.

Most

properties

at

higher

temperatures.

7.

The

strength


is the p
roperty

of

resistance

to

external loads

and

stresses.

8.

These

mechanical properties are

of great

importance in

industrial
purposes because all

parts and

units made of iron and steel

must

meet up
-
to
-
date demands.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной

форме абзацы

3,4, 5

и

7.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их

в

той
последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы




be

permanently

deformed

in tension without breaking

2.

know?

b.

Iron.

3.

What is strength?

c.

be deformed

by

compression without rupture.


4.

What

is ductility?


resist to external loads.

5.

What is malleability?

e. Hardness,

ductility and malleability






6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:



use today is...

b) iron;



2.

Ductility is the capacity of a

a) to be permanently deformed

...


in tension without breaking



3.

Malleability is the capacity

b) to be permanently deformed

of a metal…
.

by compression without


rupture;

4.


c) to resist to external loads and

property
...

stresses.



Контрольное задание

№ 5


Вариант

2


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосочетаний:

1.

a
. проводимость

2.

cast iron b. углеродистая сталь

3.

carbon content с. износостойкость

4.

alloy

steel

d. прочность

5.

carbon steel е. обрабатываемость (на станке)

6.

strength f. жесткость

7.

hardness g. железо

8.

ductility h. сплав

9.

machinability i.
черные

металлы

10.

resistance to wear j.
чугун

11.

conductivity k. содержание углерода

12.

iron

1.

ковкость

13.

silicon m. легированная сталь

14.

alloy n. кремний

15.

rust
-
resistant о. нержавеющий


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:


3.

Прочт
ите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

FERROUS



But

carbon is
the most important element

in

ferrous alloys.


2.


used in industry in two forms: steel and cast iron, which differ in the
quantity of carbon content.


3.


with

some other element. Steel is a ferrous material
having some carbon content. There are two kinds of ste
el: carbon steel and alloy steels.


4.

Carbon steel should contain only iron and carbon without any other alloying element.


5.

Alloy steels are those in which in addition to carbon an alloying clement

is

present. These
alloying

elements

have an effect

on

the properties of steel. They increase its strength and hardness,
for example, high percentage of chromium makes steel rust
-
resistant, and we call it "stainless steel".


6.

Strength, ductility and machinability

are

the most important industrial

and c
ommercial



7.

According

to

their chemical and mechanical properties steels may be used in different branches

of industry, for example,

in

machine
-

etc.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 4, 5, 6.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в кото
рой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.


of
?

a. Steels in which in addition to carbon an
alloying element is present.

2.

What is carbon steel?



3.

What are

alloy steels?

c. Of iron combined with carbon, silicon and
other elements.

4.

What are the most important properties of
steel?

d. It contains only iron and carbon.

5.

In what branches of industry are steels used?


e. Strength, ductility and machinability


6
.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

1.

Alloys consist of... a) steel and cast iron;

2.

Carbon

steel

contains… b)

iron and stainless steel;


c) simple


other element.

3.

Alloy steels include...

a) steel and cast iron;



b) iron, carbon, an alloying element;


c) only

iron and carbon.


4.

The most important

of steel

are a) electrical

conductivity,





properties




b)

strength,

ductility, machinability



Контрольное

задание

№ 5


Вариант

3


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты англ
ийских слов и словосочетаний:

1.

lustre

а. окружающая среда


2.

property b.

защищать от

3.

quantity с. подвергаться

4.

conductivity d.

плохой

проводник

5.

solid

state

е
.
количество


6.

brittle f.

блеск

7.

undergo g.

сплав

8.

to protect from

h.
свойство

9.

environment i. проводимость

10.

alloy j.

твердое

состояние

11.

poor conductor

k.
хрупкий

12.

distinction

I.

прочность

13.

strength m. жесткость

14.

hardness n.

различие


2.

Переведите на русский язык встре
чающиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:


corrosion,

chemical, electromechanical, product, steel, organic, barrier, industry.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните сле
дующие за ним упражнения:


1.


distinguished from

by their high

conductivity
for heat and electricity, by


their
resistance to electric

current. Their

use in industry is explained

not

only by those properties, but also

by

the

fact

that

their

properties, such as strength and hardness,

can

be greatly improved

by

alloying

2.

There are

several

important groups

s and alloys.


iron,

copper,
zinc, etc. are produced in great quantities.

3.

The

so
-
called


The


are

aluminium, berillium and titanium. They are important in

aircraft

-

4.

Many

elements


for
example) because they have much

poorer

conductivity

than


5.


solid

state

are

usually brittle materials without

lustre

and are usually

poor


do.

6.

Metals

can undergo

corrosion,

changing in this case their chemical and electr
omechanical
properties. In

order to



and steel are coated

by
some films (coatings).

Organic

corrosion
-
steel and the corrosive environment.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2

и

5.

5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.



a. Iron, copper and zinc.

2.

quantities?

b. They are usually poor conductors of heat and
electricity.

3.


c. They are coated by some organic cotlings.

4.


d. High conductivity for heat and electricity

5.

What is done to protect
from

corrosion?

e. Aluminium, berillium and titanium.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

There


1.

...

a) iron, copper, zinc.

2.

...

b) silver, g
old, platinum.

3.

...

c) aluminium, berillium, titanium.

4.


...

a) carbon, silicon, sulphur.


b) aluminium, berillium, titanium.






Контрольное

задание

№ 5


Вариант

4


1.

Найдите

в правой колонке русские эквив
аленты английских слов и
словосочетаний:

1.

engine lathe а. задняя бабка

2.

turning b. фартук (суппорта)

3.

drilling с. каретка

4.

screw cutting d. передняя бабка

5.

h
e
adstock e. сверление

6.

tailstock f. токарно
-
винторезный станок

7.

saddle g. нарезание винтов

8.

lever h. рычаг

9.

apron i. рукоятка

10.

carriage

j. суппорт

11.guideways k. обточка

12.

handle

1.

направляющие (станка)


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные
слова:


base,
special, bolt.

3.

Прочтите

текст и выполните

следующие за ним упражнения:
















1.

gearbox and headstock;


2.

tailstock;


3.

frame;


4.

spindle;


5.

feed gearbox;

6.

electric motor;

7.

control panel;


8.

cross slide;

9.

carriage;

10.

tool block;

11
. ways;


12.

lead screw;



13.

feed rod;


14.

operating lever shaft;

15.
operating and reverse

handle;

16. apron;

17.

hand feed wheel




ENGINE LATHE

1.

The engine lathe is the most commonly used machine
-
operations, such as turning, drilling, screwcutting and many others.

2.

The principal units of the lathe are

the

bed, the headstock, the tailslock and the carriage with the
apron.

3.

The

bed is She base of any machine
-
tool and it.is made of grey iron casting on which the saddle

and

the tailstock slide along special guideways. The headstock is also located

and

bolted

on

the bed.

4.

The headstock contains the spindle and the speed gearbox. The spindle

is

the

part

of the machine
to which power is applied

to
rotate the

work. The

changin
g of the spindle speed

is

effected t levers.

5.

The tailstock consists of a casting

fitted to

the bed.

The

function of the tailstock is to support

one

end of the

work


mount

the

tools.

6.

The carriage of the lathe, which carrie
s the

tool,

is made up of two principal parts: the saddle and
the apron. The saddle travels along the guideways of the

bed.

The apron represents the

front wall

of
the carriage.

On

the front

of the

apron are mounted the handles and leven
by which

the action
s of the

tool are

controlled.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

3, 4

и

5.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той
последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы:



Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What operations is the engine lathe

used

for?

a. To support one end of the work

turned



2.

What are the principal units
of the

lathe?

b.

On

the

front

of the apron.

3.

What units are located on the bed?

c. For turning, drilling, screwcutting and others.

4.

What is the function of the tailstock?



d. The headstock, the saddle
and

the tailstock.

5.

Where are the handles and mounted?

e. The bed, the headstock, the tailstock and the

carriage with the apron.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

1.

The unit that contains the spindle and the gea
rbox is

called
...



2.

The unit that supports one a) the carriage;


end of the work turned

b) the headstock;


between centres is called
...


c)the tailstock

3.

The unit which carries the



tool is called

...



4.

The unit on which the

a)

the carriage;

saddle

and

the taiistock

b)

the bed:

slide is called

... .

c)

the headstock.

5.

The units, by which

the

a)

guideways;

actions

of the tool

are

b)

the

saddle and the

apron;

controlled, are called...

c)

levers and handles.



Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

5


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1. non
-
а
.
зубчатая

передача

2.

turning mill b. многодисковая фрикционная муфта

3.

roughing operations с.

скорость движения стола

4.

finishing operations
d.
черновая

обточка

5.

turret head

e.
токарный

станок

6.

side head f. высокая жесткость

7.

facing g. чистовая обточка

8.

drilling h. торцевое

точение

9.

high rigidity i. револьверн
ая головка

10.

gearbox j. боковой суппорт

11
.

multidisk friction clutch k. сверление

1
2.

work feed
1.

клинообразный ремень

13.

table speed

m. цветные металлы
(не железистые)

14.

cross
-
rail
n
. поперечина (траверса)

15.

V
-
bell о. подача заготовки


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные
слова:



3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

VERTICAL TURNING MILLS


1.

The single
-
column vertical turning mills are universal high
-
speed
machines. They are

designed for roughing and finishing operations on parts made of steel, cast iron and non
-
ferrous



2.

The machines are provided with two heads: vertical turret head and horizontal side head.

the horizontal ways of the cross
-
rail. Horizontal side head moves
along the vertical ways of the column.


3.

The

machine performs the following operations: cylindrical turning, facing, cutting,

drilling,


4.
High rigidity of machinges and their units

as well as

the

wide range of table speeds and work

feeds allow machining at most favourable cutting speeds and work feeds.


5.

Motion to the table is tr
ansmitted from the main drive elect
motor

by means of V
-
belts and

gearbox.


6.

For

starting and stopping the table rotation the gearbox provided with multidisk friction clutch.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2

и

3.


5.

Найди
те соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той
последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What are the single
-
column vertical turning

mills designed for?

a. By means of V
-
belts and gearbox.

2.

What mechanisms are the machines provided

with?



b. For roughing and finishing operation.

3.

What operations does the machine perform?

c. With multidisk friction clutch.


4.

By what means is motion to the table

transmitted?

d. Cylindrical turning, facing cutting and

drilling.

5.

What mechanism is the gearbox provided

with?

e. With vertical turret head and horizontal side

head.




6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

Vertical turret head travels a)

the horizontal ways of the

along
...

cross
-
rail;


2.

Horizontal side head b) he vertical ways of the

travels along
...

column.

3.

Motion to the table is a) cross
-
rail;


transmitted by
...

b) V
-
belts and gearbox.

4.




b) vertical turning mill.



Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

6


1.

Найдите
в

правой колонке русские эквивал
енты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

grinder а. кронштейн

2.

lever b. заготовка

3.
wheel slide с. продольное направление

4.

cross
-
feed d. налаживать станок
(для какой
-
л. работы)

5.

wheel spindle e. регулировать

6.

bracket f. шлифовальный станок

7.

wheel head g. шлифовальный суппорт

8.

to

clamp h. рычаг

9.

to set up i. поперечная подача


10.

to adjust j. шлифова
льная головка

11.

longitudinal direction k. шпиндель шлифовального круга

12.

workpiece
l
. зажимать

2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные
сло
ва:

universal, cylinder, type, mass, massive, construction, hydrau
lic, control, function, spindle,

motor.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:


THE HYDRAULIC GRINDER

1
.

This universal grinder

is

designed for grinding cylindrical holt and faces of workpieces.

It is

widely used

for

lot production

in

various types of machinebuilding plants.

2.

Machines of this type are of very massive construction, but they are designed in

such

a way that
they can

be

operated as easily
as

machines

of smaller

sizes.

3.

They

are

hydraulically

operated and

controlled

by

a single lever
located at

the front end

of

the
machine. This single

lever

controls a functions of the machine including all movements of the wheel
slid cross
-
feed, starting and stopping the work

of the

spindle.

4.

The wheel spindle is driven by a V
-
belt f
rom a motor located
о


wheel

slide. The
cross
-
feed

for

the wheel slides operated

by

a hydraulic unit.

5.

The

wheel head is clamped on the top surface of the table. When setting up

the

grinder,

the

wheel
head can be

adjusted

in a longitudinal direction to suit the length of the workpiece.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 3

и

5.

5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той
последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Отве
ты

1.

What operations is the universal grinder
designed for?

a. By a hydraulic unit.

2.

What mechanism controls the movements

of

the

wheel slide and cross
-
feed?



b.

For

grinding cylindrical holes of workpieces.


3.

By what unit is the cross
-
feed for the
wheel
slide operated?


c. On the top surface
of

the

table.


4.

Where is the wheel head clamped?

d. The lever.



6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

1.

The

universal grinder is
...

a) a machine

of

small sizes.



b)

a machine of very massive
construction.


2.

All functions of the

machine are

operated by
...

a) the wheel spindle;

3.

AV
-
belt from a motor

b) the wheel head;

drives...

c) the single lever.

4.

On the top surface of the table there is
...



Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

7


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских
слов и словосо
-
четании:

1.

mechanical engineer
а
.
долгий

срок

службы

2.

to deal (with) b. запустить в массовое производство

3.

designing cars

с. подвергать испытаниям

4.

to put into mass d. плавное сцепление

5.

long service life е. отвечать современным требованиям

6.

driving safety
f
. иметь дело
(с кем
-
л., чем
-
л.)


7.

to meet up
-
to
-
date g. надежные тормоза и рулевое управление

8.

smooth
-
acting clutch
h
. безопасность

езды (вождения)

9.

silent gearbox

i.

бесшумная коробка передач steering system

10.

dependable brakes and j.
инженер
-
механик

11.

to subject to tests k. конструирование автомобилей


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся

в тексте интернациональные слова:


mechanical, mechanism, specialist, industry,

phase,

technology, process, laboratory, test, fact,


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие з
а ним упражнения:

AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION

1.

Specialists

in automobile industry deal with designing and manufacturing cars, so they

should know that the production of the automobile comprises the following phases:

1)

Designing,

2)

Working out the technolog
y of manufacturing processes,

3)

Laboratory tests,

4)

Road

tests,

5)

Mass production (manufacturing),

2.

Why

is

it necessary

to

know all these facts?

It is important to know them as

before

the automobile (car

or

truck is put into mass

production, it shoul
d

be properly

designed and tit automobile must meet up
-
to
-
date requirements.

3.

What

are

these requirements?


The automobile must have high efficiency,

long

service life, driving

safety, ease of maintenance and pleasant appearance.

In order to obtain

all

these qualities engineers should develop up
to
-
date


using new types of resistant to corrosion

light materials. Also

it

is

important to know computer

science because it is intended

to

shorten the time between designing are
m
anufacturing.

Computers

offer quick and optimal solutions
о

problems.

4.

But before

the car is put into mass production all its units and mechanisms are subjected to

tests, first in the plant's laboratory, then
then

car undergoes a rigid quality control
in road tests.

Only

then

tilt car

is

put into mass production. Why are these tests required? What qualities

are

required of

the automobile? The modern automobile
mast
be rapid in acceleration, must have smooth acting

clutch, silent gearbox dependable br
akes

and

steering system, as well as pleasant appearance. Also it

must be comfort
able and have all conveniences.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

3

и

4.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
вате
льности,
в которой заданы вопросы:

6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

The cars are subjected a) to shorten the time between


to road tests in order
...

designing and manufacturin
g:




b) to meet up
-
to
-
date requirements;


c) to work

out

new technological processes.



2.





following units
...

pleasant appearance;


3.

The car must have the


b)

smooth acting clutch, silent


following qualities

...

gearbox, dependable brakes and steering system








Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What phases does the production

of

the

automobile comprise?




a.

It

must have high efficiency,
long
service life,


of
maintenance and pleasant

a
ppearance.

2.

What requirements must the automobile meet?



b. They should be able to develop up
-
to
-
date



designing and manufacturing

3.

Why are cars subjected to road tests?




c. Because

they must

meet up
-
to

date

requirements.


4.

What qualities are required of the automobile?

d. Designing, working out technological

processes, laboratory and road tests, mass


production.


5.

Why is it important

for the

specialists in

automobile industry to know computing






e. It must

be

rapid in acceleration, must have

smooth acting clutch,
silent

gearbox, dependable


brakes
and

steering

system.

Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

8


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и
словосочетаний:

1.

body а. тормоза срабатыв
ают

2.

car wheels b. силовая передача

3.

power train с.

главная передача

4.

power plant d. коленчатый вал двигателя

5.

springs e.

нажимать на педаль

6. steering system f. силовая уст
ановка

7.

clutch g. колеса автомобиля

8.

final drive h. рама с осями

9.

engine crankshaft i.
топливная

система

10.

push down

the pedal j.
рулевая

система

11.

brakes are applied k.
сцепление

12.

frame

with

axles

1.

вспомогательные

устройства

13.

fuel system m.
система

смазки

14.

lubricating system

n.
кузов


15.

accessories о. рессоры

2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональн
ые
сло
ва:

automobile,

chassis,


electric, system,

cylinder,

cardan, control, hydraulic, pedal,
accessories, differential.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

COMPONENTS OF THE AUTOMOBILE

1.

Basically, the automobile cons
ists of three parts: the power plan!, or the engine, the chassis

and

the body

To

these may be added the accessories:

the


other

devices,

2.

The

power

plant,

or

the engine, is

the

source

of power

that makes the wheels

r
otate

and the car
move.

It

includes electric,

fuel,

cooling and lubricating systems. Most automobile engines have six

or

eight cylinders.

3.

The chassis consists of a power train, frame with

axles,

wheels and springs. The chassis includes
brakes

and

steeri
ng system.

4.

The

power train carries the power from the engine

to

the car
wheels

and contains the clutch,
gearbox, propeller or cardan shaft, differential and the final drive.

5.

The

clutch is a friction device connecting (or disconnecting) the engine cra
nkshaft to the gears in
the gearbox.

It is

used

for

freeing the gearbox from the engine and is controlled by the clutch pedal.

6.

Brakes

are important mechanisms of the car.

They

are used

to
stow or

stop

the car. Most braking
systems

in use

today are

hydra
ulic. They

are

operated

by the

brake

pedal. When the driver pushes

down
on the brake pedal,

they

are

applied

and the car stops.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 3, 5

и

6.


5.

Подберите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите

их в той после
-
довательности, в которой заданы вопросы.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What are the main basic parts

of the

automobile?



a. The clutch, gearbox, cardan shaft and the final

drive.


2.

What does the chassis consist of?

b.

Freeing t
he engine from the

gearbox.

3.

What units does the power train contain?

c. The power plant, the chassis and the body.


4.

What is the function of the clutch?



d. A power train, frame with
axles,

wheels and

springs.


5.

Why are brakes needed?

e. To slow or stop the car.




Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

9

1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
четаний:

1.

internal combustion engine а. поршень

2.

combustion chamber b. верхняя мертвая точка

3.

stroke с. четырехтактный двигатель

4.

piston d. коленчатый

вал

5.

top dead centre

e. отверстие клапана

6.

bottom dead centre f. двигатель внутреннего сгорания

7.

four
-
stroke cycle engine g.
нижняя

мертвая

точка

8.

two
-
cycle engine h. топливная система

9.

crankshaft i. такт впрыска
(то
плива)

10.

intake stroke j. двухтактный двигатель

11.

valve opening k. камера сгорания

12.

fuel system
1.

ход, такт
(поршня)

13.

power stroke

m. выхлоп

14.

exhaust
n
. рабо
чий ход поршня


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте

интернациональные
слова:

cylinder, automobile,

limit,

centre, cycle, compression, gas.

1. The mechanism used for stopping the car is…

2.

The mechanism used for changing the speed
is

...


a) clutch;

b) g
earbox;

c)

brakes.



3.

The

mechanism used for connecting (or
disconnecting) the engine from the gearbox is
...



a) brakes;

b) clutch;

c) steering system.



4.

The

unit carrying the power from the engine
to the car wheels is...



a) power plant;

b) powertrain;

c) chassis.


5. The instrument measuring the speed of the car
is...

a) heater;

b) lights;


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

THE ENGINE

1.

The

engine is the source o
f power that makes the car move. It. usually called an internal
combustion engine because gasoline is burned within its cylinders or combustion chambers. Most
automobile engines have six or eight cylinders.


2.

The operating cycle of the four
-
stroke engi
ne that takes place ii the engine cylinder can be

divided into four strokes. The upper limit of the piston movement is called the top dead centre. The

lower limit of piston movement is called the bottom dead centre. A stroke is the piston movement

from
the top dead centre

to

the bottom dead centre,

or

from the bottom dead centre to the top dead

centre.

In

other words, the piston
completes

a stroke each time it changes the direction

of its


motion.


3.

Where

the entire cycle of events in the cylinder r
equires four strokes (two crankshaft

revolutions), the engine is called a four
-
stroke cycle engine. The four strokes are: intake,

compression, power and exhaust.


4.

Two
-
cycle engines have also been made, and in such engines the entire cycle of events
is


in

two strokes or one revolution of
the

crankshaft.


5.

On

the intake

stroke

the intake valve

is

opened.

The

mixture of air and vaporized gasoline is

delivered into the cylinder through the inlet valve.

On

valve is closed so that the mixture can be compressed.

On


closed

in order to rise pressure during the

mixture combustion.

On

the exhaust stroke the exhaust valve is opened to exhaust the residual gas.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

2

и

5.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1. What is the top dead centre?

a. When the entire cy
cle of events is completed

in two strokes.


2.

What is the

bottom

dead centre?

b.

The

lower limit of the piston movement.

3.

When is the engine called a four
-
stroke cycle

engine?

c. The upper limit of the
piston movement.

4.

When is the engine called a two
-
cycle engine?

d. When the entire cycle of events in the cylinder

is completed in four strokes.

5.

What kind of strokes can the events in the

engine cylinder be divided into?


e. Intake, compression, power and exhaust
strokes.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

An internal

combustion
engine is called

so

because gasoline
is

burned

...


a) i
nside the

combustion
chamber;

b) outside the combustion chamber.

2.

The upper limit of the piston movement is
called

...

3.

The lower limit of the piston movement

is

called
...


a) the bottom dead centre;

b) the top dead centre.

b) the top dead c
entre.


4.

The four
-
cycle engine

requires
...


a) two strokes of piston movement;

b) four strokes of piston movement.


5.

The mixture of air and gasoline is delivered
into the cylinder
...



a)

on the power stroke;

b) on the exhaust stroke;

c) on the intake

stroke;

d)

on the

compression

stroke.



Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

10


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

to

deal (with)

а. программное обеспечение

2.

to elaborate (to work out) b. отвечать современным требованиям


programs с. аппаратная часть

3.

computer
-
aided
-
design d. иметь дело (с кем
-
л.
,

ч
ем
-
л.)

4.

computer
-
aided
-

e. автоматизированное проектирование.


manufacturing f. защищать от вирусов

5.

to meet up
-
to
-
date g. предлагать решения

demands (requirements) h. разраб
атывать программы

6.

software i. автоматизированное производство

7.

hardware j. решать проблемы

8.

to offer solutions

9.

to solve problems

10.

to defend from viruses


2.

Переведите
н
а

русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:

specialist, productivity,

optimal,

problem, logic,

operation, program, virus, expert,

instruction,


mathematics,

designer,
manager, calculator.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните с
ледующие за ним упражнения:

COMPUTER SCIENCE

1.

Computer

science is a

part

of an applied

mathematics.

Specialists

in

computer science say

that

this field of knowledge

is

very interesting

because

it deals

with

computer
-
aided
-
design

(CAD)

and computer
-
aided
-
manufacturing (CAM).

2.

Computers are intended to improve

the

productivity of labour
of scientists,

designers,

engineers,

managers, and other specialists, because computers offer quick and optimal solutions.

One

of the
main goals of

using

CAD/CAM is

to

sho
rten

the time

and

manufacturing.

3.

Moreover, computers came in our life

and

to

our

houses and now we can solve our everyday
problems

with

their help.

4.

Computers can be divided into simple and

complex

devices. Simple computers such as c
alculators
can perform addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. As far as complex computers are
concerned they can do different logical operations

and

some

of
them even

have

artificial
intelligence.

5.

Thus in order to elaborate up
-
to
-
date and i
nexpensive programs as well as to defend them from
viruses,

it

is important

to know

some programming languages.

6.

There

are

low
-
level programming languages such

as a

machine language and an assembly
language and high
-
level programming languages, for insta
nce.

FORTRAN, PASCAL, ADA, C,
BASIC,
.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

2, 4

и

5.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы вопросы:



Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What do sp
ecialists in computer science deal

with?



a. To improve the productivity of labour of

scientists, designers managers and other

specialists by offering quick and optimal

solutions to them.

2.

What are

the

computers used

for?



b. Computer
-
aided
-
design (CAD) and

computer
-
aided
-
manufacturing (CAM).





3.

What operations can simple

devices

perform?


manufacturing.

4.

What operations do complex computers

perform?


d. Different logical operations.


5.

What are CAD/CAM systems intended to

do?

e. FORTRAN, COBOL, BASIC, ADA

6.

What high
-
level programming languages

do

you know?

f. Addition, subtraction, multiplica
tion and

division.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующее по смыслу окончание:


1. Experts in computer science deal with



a) manufacturing cars;

b) computer
-
aided
-
design;

c) increasing the productivity of car.



2.

One of the aims of u
sing computers

is

...


a) to work out up
-
to
-
date demands;

b) to shorten the time between

designing and
manufacturing;


c) to construct hardwares.


3.

Simple devices can do
...


4.

Complex computers perform

...


a) logical oper
ations;

b) such operations as addition, subtraction,

multiplication and division.




5.

High
-
level programming languages are

...


a)

BASIC, FORTRAN;

b) assembly and machine languages.



Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант 11


1.

Найдите в правой к
олонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

mainframe а. гибкий диск

2.

execute
b
. получать данные на выходе

3.

to obtain с. печатная плата

4.

set of instructions d. память с пр
оизвольной выборкой

5.

hard disk e. жесткий диск

6.

floppy disk f. набор инструкций

7.

to

input data g. исполнять (команду)

8.

to output data h. память для хранения программ

9.

Random Access Memory
i. получить, добиться

10.

Read Only Memory j. (универсальная) вычислительная машина

11.

program storage
k
. вводить данные

12.

printed board
1.

постоянная память


2.

Переведите на русский язык

встречающиеся

в тексте интернациональн
ые

слова:

computer, function, class, microcomputer, supercomputer, electronic, system, processor, limit,
instruction, information, program, type, disk, standard, mathematical, logical, operation, algebra,
algebraic.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие

за

ним

упражнения:

1.

Computers can perform many functions: they can do mathematical and logical operations,
multiplication and division, raising to a pow
er, differentiating and integrating. Logical operations
include comparing, selecting, sorting and matching.

2.

Computers are divided into four main classes: microcomputers, minicomputers, mainframes and
supercomputers,

3.
A minicomputer is a computer manuf
actured on a single printed board which contains one or
more chips. Most microcomputers are personal computers.

At

present personal computers have
become so powerful that they are used as CAD/CAM systems.

4.

A microprocessor is a very small device used in
microcomputers, which deals with memories by
reading and writing process.

Microprocessors can obtain

from

memory and execute a limited set of instructions in order

to

perform addition or subtraction

on

a binary word, and to

input

or output binary data.

5.

Memory is a device for
-
storing digital information. Memory should be small in size

and

large in
capacity. It

should take

little power and work at the same speed as computer logic. There are many
types of.
memories. All

microcomputers use Random Access Memo
ry

(RAM) and

Read

Only

Memory

(ROM).

6.

RAM

is called so because information can

be put into

or out of any single byte of memory.

ROM
is

permanent memory

for

program storage,..

7.

People

know

many types of memory units, hard disks and floppy'
-
disks

being

w
idely used.

Floppy

disks (flexible plastic disks) are used in:

personal

computers.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 3, 4

и

6.

5
.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

A micro
-
computer is…

a) a comput
er

which can perform addition

or

subtraction

on a binary word;

b) a computer manufactured on a single printed
board

which contains one or

more chips;

c) a very small device that can obtain from
memory and execute a limited set

of
instructions.


2.

A

micro
-
processor is…

a) a device which can perform logical

operations;

b) a

computer

manufactured

on a single

printed

board

which contains one or

more chips;

c) a device which can obtain

from memory a
limited set of instructions

in

order to perform
addi
tion or subtraction.


3.

RAM is

...


a) memory fora limited set of instructions;

b) permanent memory for program storage;

c) memory when information can

be

put into or
out of any single byte of memory.


4.

ROM is...

a) memory for a limited set of in
structions;

b) permanent memory for program storage;

c) random access memory.





Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

12

1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
четаний:

1.

to

deal (with)
а
.
простой

язык

2.

high
-
level language b.

языки программирования

3.

to solve problems

с
.
алгебраические

формулы

4.

brief description

d. в коммерческих целях

5.

to consist (of) e. иметь дело (с
кем
-
л., чем
-
л.)

6.

programming languages f.

язык общего назначения

7.

for commercial purposes

g.
решать

проблемы

8.

algebraic formulae h.
краткое

описание

9.

general
-
purpose language

i.
состоять

(
из

чего
-
л
.)

10.

application program j. язык в
ысокого уровня

11.

simple language k. приводить (к
какому
-
л. результату)

12.

to

result (in)
l.

прикладная

программа


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:

computer, problem, instruction, type,

program, machine,

code, mathematics, algebra, algebraic,
formula, phrase,

symbol, programming,
interpret, commercial, algorithm.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

1.

Computers can deal with different kinds

of

problems but they
must be

given the right instructions.
Instructions

are written in one

of the high
-
level languages, for example,

FORTRAN, COBOL,
ALGOL, PASCAL, BASIC,

or C. But a program written in

one

of these
languages should be

when

one instruction
written

in a high
-
level language is
transformed into machine

code,

it results

in several

instructions. A brief description

of some

high
-
level languages are given below.

2.

FORT
RAN

is acronym

for FORmula

TRANslation.

This
language is used for solving scientific

and

mathematical problems.

It
consists of algebraic

formulae

and English phrases.

3.

COBOL is acronym for COmmon Business
-
Oriented Language
This

language

is

used for
comme
rcial purposes.

COBOL

deals with the problems that do not involve a lot of mathematical
calculations.

4.

ALGOL

is acronym for ALGOrithmic Language.

It is

used for mathematical and scientific
purposes.

5.

BASIC is acronym for Beginner's All
-
purpose Symbolt
Instruction Code. It is used by students
who require a simple language to begin programming.

6.

С

is

developed to support the UNIX operating system.
С

is, general
-
purpose language,

7.

When a program

is

designed to do a specific type of work it is called

an

application program.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

5.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:





Контрольное зад
ание № 5


Вариант

13


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
четаний:

1.

sole proprietorship
а
.
управление

2.

partnership b.
доля

потерь

3.

share of profit с. партнерство с ограниченной

4.

income tax юридической ответственностью

5.

management d. партнерство

6.

corporation e. недостатки

7.

advantages f. налог на доходы

8.

tax advantages g. льготы по налогообложению


(benefits) h. доля прибыли

9.

disadvantages i. единоличное владение

10.

share of loss j.
преимущества

11.

life insurance k.
корпорация

12. limited partnership

1.

страхование жизни



2.

Переведите на русский
язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные сло
ва:

form, formal, business, organization, position, title, president, documentation, corporation,
economical, product, partner, service, industry, personal, professional, manager, state, financial,
resource
s,

sum, registration, specialist.


1. FORTRAN is a high
-

level language which is
used for...

a) supporting UNIX operating system;

b) commercial purposes;

c) solving scientific and mathematical problems.


2.

ALGOL is a high
-

level language which is
intended to

...


a) be used for commercial purposes;

b) solve mathematical and scientific problems;

c) be used by students who

require

a simple
language

to

begin programming.


3.

COBOL is a high
-

level language which
is designed

...


a) to solve scientific and mathematical problems;

b) to be used for commercial purposes;

c) to support the UNIX operating system.


4.

BASIC is a high
-
level language
which is used

...


a) for solving scientific problems;

b) for commercial purposes;

c) by students who require a simple language
to begin programming.


5.

С

is a high
-
level language which is
developed…

a) to support the UN
IX

operating system:

b)

to deal with mathematical problems;

c) for commercial purposes.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:


I
.

There

are

three forms of organization of
your business. These forms are the sole proprietorship,
the partnership and the corporation. Which of these forms of organization you choose depends on
such questions as

the

size of your business, whether

you are

the only Owner
of your

business

or

you
have

partners.

2.


sole

proprietorship

is the simplest organizational

form. There

is

one

owner
of the business,

who

usually
takes the title

of President. So he or she can make any decision without
consulting

anyone. Such kinds of business

are

in

the service industries,, such as repairing shops,
restaurants, etc.

3.

Partnership.

A partnership means that there

is

more than one
owner to

carry

out

business. And
each partner declares his or her share
of profit

or loss on the personal income tax


There is a special

type of partnership, called a limited partnership,'
where the limited

partner

is

not
involved in the management of the firm.

4.

This

form

of organization is useful in such professional

fields

as:

law,

insurance,

and some industr
ies, for example, oil prospecting.

But

partnership has some disadvantages. Partnership business fails when one

of the

partners loses his
interest

or

disagrees with the other,

5.

Corporation. A

corporation is a more formal way of organization,
It

is establi
shed for the

purpose

of making profit and operated by managers.

Corporation

involves registration with a state
department
of commerce.

There

are

some advantages, such as being able

to

attract
financial

resources, and to attract talented specialists and man
aged
due to high salaries.

In general, this form is
business

when its profi
t reaches a great sum of money.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

2, 3

н

5.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите и
х в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What forms of business
organization

do you
know?

a. In this form of organization there is more than


one

owner, but the limited partner has no right


to

take

part in the management of the firm.



2.


b.

It

is a more formal way of organization,

which is established to make profit and is

operated by managers.



3.

What is a limited partnership?


partnership
and
corporation.

4.

What is a corporation?

d. The ability to attract financial resources

and to

attract

talented

managers and specialists.

5.

What are the advantages of a
corporation?



e. It is the simplest form of business
organization. There

is

only one
owner

of his or

her business.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

form of…

2.

A partnership is a business form of
...

3.

A corporation is a
business

form of
...





a)

only one owner;

b)

more

than

one

owner;

c) an institution operated by managers.

4.

The disadvantage of a
partnership

is
...


5.
The advantage of a corporation is
...


a) the ability to attract financial resources and
talented managers;

b) that the partners may disagree with each
other;

c) that the owner makes decisions
without


consulting

anyone.



Контрольное задание№

5


Вариант

14


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

to have the right
а
.
принимать

решения

2.

management skills b.
руководитель

3.

key to success
с
.
дела

компании

4.

favourable solution d. управление высшего

звена

5.

to make decisions e.

навыки

управления

6.

top management f. исполнительная администрация

7.

supervisor g. благоприятное решение

8.

company's affairs h.
нововведение

9.

middle management

1.

внедрить

метод

(
подход
)

10.

to implement the approach j.
иметь

право

11.

innovation

'

k. управление среднего звена
'

12.

operating management

1.

кл
юч к успеху


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональный
слова:

personnel,

company, president, vice
-
president, alternative, analyze,
problem,

function, plan,
organize,

control,

element, business, effective,' motivation
, staff, leader, communication.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

MANAGEMENT

1.

people. It includes

the personnel
who

have

the right to make decisions' that

influence

company's affairs.

2.

There are three management levels: top management, middles management and operating
management.

Top

management includes
-
:

the president, vice
-
presidents, and the general manager. Middle. management includes department
managers and pl
ant managers.
Operating

management includes supervisors, foremen, etc.

3.

The most important responsibility of any manager is decision making. Successful management

is

a skill of choosing from alternatives.

4.

Decision makings are divided into: recognizing the problem,:

defining and analyzing the problem, evaluating alternative solutions, choosing the most favourable
solution and implementing the approach
,
chosen.

5.

Management functions are planning, organizin
g, directing,:

controlling, staffing and innovating.

It

should be noted that successful
;

management is based on three basic elements: leadership, motivation I and communication.


6.

To

operate a successful business o
ne should have managements
skills

because effective
management is
the key to business success.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

2, 4

и

5.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательно
сти, в которой заданы вопросы:



Вопросы

Ответы

1.

Whom does top management include?

a. Planning, organizing, directing, controlling,
staffing and innovating.



2.

What managers does middle management
include?

b. Department managers and plant managers.

3.

What specialists does operating management
include?

c. Supervisors, foremen, etc.


4.

What steps is decision making divided into?

d. Recognizing the problem, denning

the

problem

and
choosing the most favourable
solution.



5.

What are the management functions?


e. The president, vice
-
presidents and the general
manager.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:



1.

Top management includes...

2.

Middle management includes
...

a) department managers;

b) general manager;

c) supervisors.


3.

Decision making is divided into

...


4.

Management functions

are
...

a) planning and controlling;

b) recognizing the problem

and
choosing the
right solution.





Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

15


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

business activities
а
.
определять

проблему

2.

the flow of goods b.
изучение

рынка

сбыта

3.

consumer с. собирать данные

4.

advertising d. обоюдная выгода

5.

mutual benefit
с
.
стоимость

6.

pricing f.
реклама

7.

to define the problem g.
деловая

деятельность

8.

storing

h.
потребитель

9.

to

compile data i.

складирование

10.

value j.
поток

товаров

11.


k.
калькуляция

цен

12.
vendor

1.

продавец

2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте инте
рнациональные слова:


business, transporting, process,

information,

potential problem, analyze, results,

operation,

activity.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

MARKETING

1.


is

the performance of

business activities

connect with

the

flow

of goods

and

services

from

producers to consumer

includes the

following operations:

transporting. storing|
pricing and selling goods.

The

most

important

thing

in

finding out who the

customers

the

process of having the

right

product at the

right

time

in the

right place,

the process

that brings

mutual

benefit to customers and vendor

2.

Transporting means carrying goods from the

place

of their
production to th
e

place

of their

selling,

3.

Storing is necessary because the consumer desires to buy goods without waiting.


4.

Pricing involves

the art of determining

what

price is the best.

5.

Selli
ng involves helping consumers to discover their needs|

should inform potential
buyers of where goods can be bought and

how much

they cost.

6.


research is also very important.

The

following

are

steps
the problem, collecting data, compiling data

and

analyzing

the

results, advertising.

7.

the

value added

through

mes

too costly

only when cost exceeds the value

it

adds.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы 1 и

6.




5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой
заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.


a.

To

find out who the customers
are

and what
they want.


2.

What

operations does



b. Defining the problem, collecting data,
compiling data and analyzing

the re
sults.

3.

What is the most important thing

in


c.

The

performance

of business activities

connected with the

flow of goods from producers
to
consumers.

4.

What are the

main
steps

in


research?



d. Transporting,

storing,

pricing and selling
goods.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

16


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английс
ких слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

pollution
а
.
отходы

2.

up
-
to
-
date b.
заболевать

3.

carry
(goods)

с
.
опасный

4.

wastes d.
кислота

5.

contaminate е. влиять, воз
действовать

6.


загрязнение

7.

destroy g. разрушать

8.

dangerous h. быть

озабоченным

9.

acid i.
перевозить

(
товары
)

10.

to be concerned about j.

загряз
нять

11.

affect k. современный

12.

dirty

1.

грязный, загрязненный

13.

result (in) m. привести
(к результату)

1.

Transporting means...

2.

Pricing is...


3.

Selling involves...

a) determining the best price;

b) helping consumers to discover their needs;

c) carrying

goods from

the place

of
their
production

to

the place

of
their selling.



2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные слова:

probl
em
,
machine
,
technology
,
comfortable
,
result
,

ozone
,

activity
,
planet
,
balance
,

catastrophe
,

atmosphere
.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

POLLUTION

1.

People have designed and produced up
-
to
-
date machines and technolog
ies

to

make their life easier
and more comfortable.

But

all these activities result in air and water pollution.

2.

One

of the most important problems is the oceans. A lot of ships crossing

the

oceans and seas,
especially those that carry o
il, put their wastes into water, and the

water

becomes dirty. As a result

and people

may


sick

from eating them.

3.

The

second problem is air pollution.

Cars

and plants
pollute the atmosphere with their wastes.

They

destroy

the

ozone layer which protects us from the dangerous light of the Sun. They also
destroy forests

which

are

dying from acid rains.


4.

Now

people

begin to realize the dan
ger of their activities. People are concerned about the air and
the water used by everyone, they are also concerned about the future of the planet because they
understand that these activities affect the balance of nature.


5.

In

order to

make our life not only easier but belter and healthier we must

learn

to protect the
water, the air

and

the earth from pollution.
Our

planet belongs to our children and if we want our

children

to liver in a healthier world we must

do

everything to protect
them from the catastrophe.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1,2,3,4.



5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы воп
росы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What do people's activities result in?

a. Many birds, animals and fish die of polluted
water.

Others

sick

from eating them.



2.

What happens to birds, anim
als, fish and
people because of polluted water?

b.
we

must learn to protect the
wate
г
, the

air
and the earth

from the pollution.



3.

What do wastes of cars and plants destroy?



c. Air and water pollution.

4.

What

must we do if we

want

our

children
to live in a healthier world?




d. The ozone layer which protects us

from

the sun.



6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

People have produced new machines to make
their life
easier
...


a) but all these activities did not result in air

and

water pollution.

b) but all these activities result in water and air
pollution.

c) but all these activities

do

not a
ffect the
balance of nature.


2.

A lot of ships crossing the oceans, especially
those that carry oil, put their wastes into water.
As a result…

a) they destroy the ozone layer.

b) they destroy

forests

which are dying from

acid

rains.

c) they pollute water and many fish and birds
die.

3.

People are concerned about the air and the
water used by everyone because they understand
that their activities
...


a) improve and make their life healthier.

b
) improve machines and do not affect the
balance of nature.

c) result in air and water pollution and affect the
balance of nature.

4.

The

wastes

of cars

and

plants

pollute

the
atmosphere

...


a)

but

do

not

destroy the

ozone

layer and forests.

b) and destroy the ozone layer and forests which
are dying

from

acid rains.


c) but

do

not affect the balance of nature.




Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

17


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквивале
нты английских слов и словосочетаний:


1
.

environmental

protection

а. обеспечивать экономику ресурсами

2.

to

absorb

(
smth
)

b
. сокращать лесные ресурсы

3.

to supply the economy with
с
.
защита

окружающей

среды


resources
d
.
неисчерпаемый

источник

ресурсов


4.

to pollute


e.

поглощать


5.

to reduce the resources of forests f.

загря
знять


6.

to suffer an environmental problem g
.
строевой

лес


7.

water shortage h
.
нехватка

воды


8.

damage to wildlife
i.

отходы


9.

timber



j
.
нанести

ущерб

ресурсам

10.

an unlimited source of k.
вред

дикой

природе



resources

l
.

сталкиваться с проблемой окружающей среды

11.
wastes

12.

to

damage

the

resources



2.

Переведите на русск
ий язык встречающиеся в тексте

интернациональные

слова:

limit,

atmosphere, economy, result, natural, gas,

ozone,

problem, fac
t,

territory,

economic,

protect.





3.

Прочтите текст и выпо
лните следующие за ним упражнения:

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

1
.

People

have thought that the environment

is

an unlimited source of resources, that the atmosphere,
forests, rivers

and

seas are capable of absorbing all wastes. The environment supplies the economy
of any country with its resources such

as

timber, minerals

and

oil. As a result, natural

resources

are
becoming reduced, air and water are polluted, and the environment is

unab
le to

absorb

all

its wastes.

2.

For example, waste gases cause

acid

rains: this leads to forest damage and

therefore

reduces

the
resources

of forests. Another problem is water shortage resulting from unlimited use of it. The third
one

is
destroying the ozo
ne layer of the Earth through pollution

from

plants and cars.

One

more
problem is damage

to

wildlife.

It is

possible that some kinds

of animals

can disappear due to people's
activities.

3.

Some territories in

Russia

are also suffering environmental problem
s. Many of these problems
have been caused by economic activities.

Many

forests in the

north

of European Russia and the

Far
East

are

under threat.

4.

If we

want to live in a healthier world we must learn to use the environment carefully and protect
it

from

damage caused by our activities.

Otherwise

very soon we

will

have no world to live in.

4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2

и

3.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
-
вательности, в которой задан
ы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What leads to forest damage?

a. Problems caused by economic activities.

2.

What destroys the

ozone layer
of the Earth?

b. Acid

rains.

3.

Why can many kinds of animals disappear?

c. To use the environment carefully and protect

it from damage.


4.

What environmental problems is Russia

suffering?

d. As a result of people's activities.

5.

What is it necessary to do in order

to

live

in

a

healthier world?

e. Wastes of plants and cars.


6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий по смыслу вариант:





1.

The environment supplies the

economy of

the

country with its resources but air and

water are
polluted, and the
environment is
...







a) unable to absorb all its wastes.

b) able to absorb all its wastes.

c) able to affect the balance of nature.

2.

Waste gases cause acid rains

and
therefore

a) reduce the resources of forests.

b) do not reduce the resources of forests.

c) protect the resources of forests.


3.

Plants and cars wastes pollute the air

a)

but do not destroy the ozone layer of the
Earth.

b)

and destroy the ozone layer of the Earth.

c) but do not affect the nature.




4.

People must learn to use the environment
carefully and
...


a) affect
the balance of nature.

b) make their life easier.

c) protect it from damages caused by their
activities.

Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

18


1.

Найдите в

правой колонке русски
е

эквиваленты английских слов и
словосочетаний:

1.

environment pollution а. химические отходы

2.

to consume goods b. деятельность

3.

expensive с. разрушать

4.

chemical wastes d. промышленные предприятия

5.

traffic

e. загрязнение окружающей

6.

industrial enterprises среды

7.

substance f. столкнуться с проблемой

8.

to reduce g. поглощать

9.

replenish h. уличное движение

10.

to absorb i. пот
реблять товары

11.

to destroy j.
вещество

12.

to

face the problem k.
дорогой

13.

preservation of l.
сокращать

environment m.
восполнять

(
ресурсы
)

14.

activities
n
. охрана окружающей среды

2.

Переведите
на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные сло
ва:

problem, service, energy, natural, resources, serious, television, radio, chemical, industry, industrial,
sort, eczema, asthma, atmosphere, materials, plastics.

3.

Прочтите текст и выполните
следующие за ним упражнения:

THE PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENT

1. One

of the greatest problems of all

modern

cities is the environment pollution. Every year people
consume more goods. Production of goods

and

services uses energy

and

natural resources (oil, gas,
coal, wood, etc.). All these things are used faster than they can be

replenished. Natural

resources

and


water

are becoming seriously polluted.

The
problem
of environmental polluti
on

is

well
-
known

to

most people. We have heard about it on television and
radio, and have read in newspapers and magazines.

2.

The worst environment pollution

is

caused by the manufacturers who put chemical wastes into
rivers and seas.

Another

problem is a
ir pollution.

The

air

is

polluted by traffic and smog from
industrial enterprises.

3.

The

word
smog

comes from
smoke and fog.

Smog is a sort of fog with other substances mixed

in

it, which can be harmful, even deadly Such diseases as eczema and asthma are
linked

to

air
pollution.

4.

Materials like paper and glass can be reused, but, unfortunately, many materials, especially
plastics cannot be reused

and

cannot be absorbed by the earth again. Some plastics cannot even

be

destroyed. As a result

of this

people face

the

problem of preservation of our environment.

5.

All

these

things

are very serious and

people must

realise what
will

happen if they don't do
everything possible to reduce man
-
made atmospheric pollutants and smog.


4.

Переведите на русский я
зык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 2

и

4.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последо
вательности. в
которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

Who is the worst environment pollution
caused by?

a. Plastics cannot.


2.

What diseases are linked

to

air pollution?

b.

By

manufacturers

who

put chemical wastes

into

rivers and seas.


3.

What materials can be reused?

c. The problem of preservation of environment.


4.

What materials cannot be absorbed

by

the
earth?

d. Paper

and

glass.

5.

What problem do people face?

e. Asthma and eczema.



6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

The worst

environment pollution

is

caused
by
manufacturers
...




a) who reuse chemical wastes

b) who

put

chemical wastes into
rivers

and seas.

c)

who don't put chemical wastes

into rivers and seas.



2.

Many materials like paper and glass...

3.

Many materials, especially plastics
...


a) can be reused.

b) cannot be reused.

c) cannot be absorbed by the earth again.


4.

People face the problem of preservation of en
-

vironment because…


a) many materials like paper and glass can be
reused.

b) air and water are becoming seriously
polluted.


expensive.







Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

19


1.

Найдите в правой колонке

русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
-
четаний:

1.

spot welding а. дуговая сварка

2.

hammer welding b. горючий газ

3.

workpiece с. соединять

4.

arc welding d. пламя

5.

butt welding e. газовая сварка

6.

to create f. плавиться

7.

combustible gas g. электрическая контактная

8.

thermit welding сварка

9.

to join h. создавать

10. gas weldi
ng i. сварка плавлением

1
1
.

fusion welding j. кузнечная сварка

12.

fusion state k. точечная сварка

13.

flame

1.

стыковая сварка

14.

electric

resistance

welding

m. термитная

сварка

15.

to
melt
n
.

расплавленное состояние


о.

деталь

2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в тексте интернациональные
слова:


contact,

classify, energy, type, gas, chemical,
reaction,

s
ection, form,

electric,

normally.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполните следующие за ним упражнения:

WELDING

1.

Welding is

a process

of joining


to

the

fusion state.

Voiding processes are classified according to the source of energy employed

for

heating, the

place
of welding.

2.

There are different types of welding such as hammer

welding, thermit

welding, electric arc


3.

are joined and


force

from a power hammer.


4.

Thermit

welding

is

a process consisting of a chemical reaction, It is used

in repairing large
sections such as rails, frames, etc.


5.

Resistance

welding

process forms a whole group consisting of many types of welding such as
spot

welding,

butt welding

and

others,


6.

In arc welding

the

workpieces are not

melted by a flame.

They are

melted by

an electric arc.

In

order

to create

the arc, a powerful electric current must

be

provided. The current must be at least

60

A, otherwise the arc

will

not create enough heat.


7.

In gas welding, it

is

necessary to use a mixture of two g
ases. To
create a

hot flame, a
combustible gas must be

mixed

with oxygen. Gas welding is normal
ly used to join steel to steel.


4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1, 4,

б,

7.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их
в той последо
-
вательности, в которой заданы вопросы:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

What kind of process is welding?

a. It is a process when two workpieces are

melted by an

electric

arc.


2.

How are welding

processes classified?


b. A mixture of a combustible gas and oxygen.

3.

What is hammer welding?

are joined

and

power hammer.


4.

What is arc welding?

d. It is a process consisting of a chemical

reaction.


5.

What is thermit welding?



the fusion state.


6.

What

gases are used in gas welding?



6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:


1.

Hammer welding is a process...



2.

Thermit welding is a process...



3.

Arc welding is a process...





a) consisting of a chemical reaction.

arc.

by force from
a power hammer
.


4.

In gas welding a combustible gas
mixed

with…

a) hydrogen.

b) oxygen.


Контрольное задание № 5


Вариант

20


1.

Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосо
четаний:

1.

arc welding а. пе
регреваться

2.

to melt b. держатель

3.

flame

с. зажим

заземления

4.

to overheat d. прикреплять надежно

5.

electric circuit e. зажигать дугу

6.

earth clamp

f. электрод

7.

to appear g.

присадочный

металл

8.

to attach securely h.

плавиться

9.

to strike the arc

1.

глубокое

проникновение

10.

holder j. электрическая цепь

11.

electrode rod k. наплавляться

12.


I.

дуговая сварка

13.

deep penetration m. качество поверхн
ости

14.

surface quality
п
.
появляться

15.

to fall onto
о
.

пламя


2.

Переведите на русский язык встречающиеся в

тексте интернациональные сло
ва
:


class.


3.

Прочтите текст и выполн
ите следующие за ним упражнения:

ARC WELDING

1.

In

arc welding the workpieces are not melted

by a flame.

They are melted by

an electric

arc.

In
order to

create the arc, a powerful electric

current

must

be provided.

2.

The current must be at

least

60

A, otherwise the

arc will

not create enough heat.

For

thicker
workpieces, the current may be

250

A.
In

order

to

carry

this

current, the cables from the transformer
should be

quite

thick

or

else they will overheat,

j

3.

To

supply the necessary current the transformer

is


the

electric circuit an
earth

clamp

is

used,

which

is

attached
to the

workpiece. Then the current

flows

around the

circuit
and

the I arc

appears. It must

be sec

clamp

and the workpiece.

To

strike

the arc,

the transformer should be switched on

first.

4.

The

electrode holder contains an electrode

rod

which

provides
the filler


to join the
workpieces. As the current flows


the electrode and the workpiece, the tip of the electrode
melts and fails onto the workpiece. The electrode must be moved across the joint continuously, if it

is

moved too quickly neithe
r the electrode nor the
workpiece

will

melt.

5.

While choosing

an electrode type

it is

necessary to know:

a. Position to which

the workpiece is to

be

welded.

b. Type and


c. Type of welding current.



d. Class of work: deep


quality,



4.

Переведите на русский язык в письменной форме абзацы

1,3

и

4.


5.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той
последовательности, в которой заданы вопросы
:


Вопросы

Ответы

1.

How are the workpieces
melted in arc

welding?

a. For supplying the necessary current.

2.

How is the arc created?

b. By an electric arc.

3.

What

is the

transformer used

for?



c. An arc will appear between the clamp and

the

workpiece.


4.

Why must the electrode be

moved

across the

joint
continuously?


d. By

a powerful electric current.

5.

What will happen if the ea
rth clamp is

not

securely attached?

e.

Otherwise neither the
electrode

nor the
workpiece will

melt.



6.

Закончите предложения, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:



1.

In arc weld
ing the work
-

pieces are melted

a) by a flame.

b) by an electric arc.

c) by gas.


2.

In arc welding the arc is created by
...


a) a combustible gas.

b) fusion.

c) a

powerful electric

current.


3.

If the earth damp is no
t securely attached to

the

workpiece
an

arc will appear…

a) between the electrode and the workpiece.

b) between the transformer and the

earth

clamp.

c) between the clamp and the workpiece.




4.

The electrode must be moved continuously,

otherwise…

a) either

the

electrode or the workpiece will melt.

b) neither

the

electrode
nor
the workpiece will
melt.

c) both the electrode and the workpiece will
melt.







Приложенные файлы

  • pdf 10710926
    Размер файла: 554 kB Загрузок: 5

Добавить комментарий