Roget’s Super Thesaurus. 4th Edition — facebook.com/LinguaLIB


Чтобы посмотреть этот PDF файл с форматированием и разметкой, скачайте его и откройте на своем компьютере.
AMAZINGLY COMPREHENSIVE:
400,000+ synonyms, antonyms, and highlighted vocabulary builders
PACKED WITH EXCLUSIVE FEATURES:
A unique Word Find reverse dictionary, hundreds of notable quotations,
and easy cross-referencing terms throughout
HIGHLY TOUTED:
Here we have a word 
nder that re
ects the
grandeur of the English language.Ž
„R L\b\b\b, author of
Anguished English
and
Get 
ee to a Punnery
4th Edition
4th Edition
AUSTERE
[aw STEER] severe, stern, or plain in ap-
9781582979991
Z9241
ISBN-10: 1-58297-999-5
6/2/10 4:33:49 PM
OF
Z9241i_00FM.indd i
5/25/10 12:28:16 PM
4th edition
M
5/25/10 12:28:17 PM
Rogets Super 
esaurus, 4th Edition
© 2010 by Marc McCutcheon.
Manufactured in the United States of America. All rights reserved. No
other part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any elec-
Z9241i_00FM.indd iv
5/25/10 12:28:17 PM
To my wonderful parents,
Mary and Errol McCutcheon
5/25/10 12:28:17 PM
Marc McCutcheon is a writer and lexicographer who lives in
South Portland, Maine, with his wife, Deanna, and two chil-
dren, Kara and Matthew.
His most recent books include
Damn, Why Didnt I Write
e Girl Named Pluto
Descriptionary
Writers Guide to
Everyday Life in the 1800s
; and
e Compass in Your Nose &
Other Astonishing Facts About Humans
5/25/10 12:28:17 PM
Welcome to the updated and expanded edition of
Rogets Super 
esaurus
You now hold in your hands what we feel is the most innovative and useful thesau-
5/25/10 12:24:08 PM
Super 
esaurus
5/25/10 12:24:08 PM
aback (taken)
adv.
startled, taken unawares,
surprised, confused, *thrown o
guard.
aba
, astern, rearward, behind, back.
abandon
unrestraint, carelessness, free-spir-
itedness, spontaneity, wildness, wantonness,
intemperance, impulsiveness, devil-may-
care attitude.
.
restraint, reserve, restric-
tion, self-consciousness.
abandon
leave, desert, discard, forsake, quit,
dump, *turn ones back on, cast o
, reject,
relinquish, discontinue, renounce, lay aside,
*leave in the lurch, *cut ones losses, *throw
in the towel, strand, drop, give up, *wash
ones hands of, *deep six, ditch.
.
stick
with, take up, continue, adopt.
abandoned
1. \b\t\b\n \b given up, forgot-
ten, le
behind, rejected, stranded, forsaken,
cast o
, cast aside, discarded, destitute, for-
gotten, scorned, desolate, friendless. 2. \f\r-
\n\b\t \n\r\b unreserved, uncontrolled, dis-
solute, wild, loose, immoral, wicked, shame-
less, licentious, lewd, wanton.
.
1. used,
adopted, taken up, befriended. 2. restrained,
reserved, moral, seemly.
abase
humble, humiliate, degrade, *prostrate
oneself, de
ate, *put down, debase, vitiate,
devalue.
. honor, *pu
up.
ABASHED
[uh BASHED] embarrassed, ill at
ease.
Mary spoke unabashedly about contra-
ceptives.
\t\r. embarrassed, ashamed, humil-
iated, red-faced, disconcerted, discom
tted,
morti
ed, chagrined, disgraced.
.
reas-
sured, relaxed, cool.
ABATE
[uh BATE] to subside, lessen, reduce.
e pain from a stubbed toe will gradually
abate.
\t\r. subside, lessen, reduce, weaken,
slacken, diminish, decrease, wane, dwindle,
orders:
Benedictine, Dominican, Francis-
can, Jesuit, Paulist, Trappist
resident:
monk, friar, nun
superior or head:
abbot, abbess
abbreviate
shorten, abridge, condense, cut,
reduce, contract, curtail, clip, compress, syn-
opsize.
.
expand, broaden, enlarge.
abbreviation
shortening, condensation, abridge-
ment, contraction, reduction, summary, synop-
sis, brief, abstract, short version, short form.
ABCs:
fundamentals, rudiments, basics,
simple elements
AC:
alternating current; air conditioning
A.D.:
anno Domini; in the year of the Lord
also known as
anonymous
ASAP:
as soon as possible
aux.:
auxiliary
AWOL:
absent without leave
B.A.:
Bachelor of Arts
B.C.:
before Christ
boulevard
B.S.:
Bachelor of Science
BTU:
British thermal unit
BYOB:
bring your own booze
Citizens Band
Celsius, centigrade
copyright
Cdr.:
Commander
chief executive o
chairman
centiliter
Z9241i_A.indd 3
5/25/10 12:24:08 PM
D.D.S.:
Doctor of Dental Science
DOA:
dead on arrival
Dr.:
Doctor
DST:
daylight saving time
d.t.s:
delirium tremens
electroencephalogram
e.g.:
exempli gratia; for example
EKG:
electrocardiogram
ERA:
earned run average
ESP:
extrasensory perception
Esq.:
Esquire
Rural Free Delivery
RIP:
rest in peace
R.N.:
registered nurse
rpm:
revolutions per minute
RSVP:
respondez sil vous plait, please answer
pharmaceutical prescription
SASE:
self-addressed stamped envelope
save our ship/souls
TBA:
to be announced
TGIF:
thank God its Friday
TKO:
technical knockout
unidenti
ed 
ying object
VIP:
very important person
viz.:
Z9241i_A.indd 4
5/25/10 12:24:08 PM
ABHOR
unconventional, weird, eccentric, queer, o
beat, extraordinary, anomalous, strange, mu-
tant
Not conforming to standard. In mat-
ters of thought and conduct, to be indepen-
dent is to be abnormal.Ž„Ambrose Bierce.
.
normal, usual, standard.
\t\b\b \b\b\r-
\n, \r\b\f\n , \t 
abnormality
aberration, anomaly, deviation,
peculiarity, oddity, freak, deformity, mal-
formation, irregularity, eccentricity, mutant,
singularity.
aboard
on board, on deck, topside, in, board-
ed, consigned.
abode
residence, home, living quarters, hab-
itation, habitat, dwelling, domicile, lodging,
roof over ones head, *pad, *digs, nest.
den, lair, hutch, warren, sty, burrow,
diggings
bird:
nest, roost, aerie, aviary, cote
abolish
end, destroy, eliminate, eradicate, stop,
annul, quash, extinguish, defeat, terminate,
repeal, stamp out, uproot, do away with, ab-
rogate.
.
institute, establish, adopt.
abolition
ending, annulment, moratorium,
abrogation, repeal, elimination, eradication,
termination, dissolution.
abolitionist
opponent, subversive, activist,
advocate, propagator.
A-bomb
atomic bomb, thermonuclear bomb,
*physics package. \t\b\b \r\f\b\n 
ABOMINABLE
[uh BOM un uh bul] loath-
some, nasty.
e crossbow was an abomi-
nable invention.
\t\r. nasty, vile, loathsome,
abhorrent, heinous, despicable, atrocious,
hateful, execrable, awful, horrible, deplor-
able, repulsive, disgusting.
.
admirable,
nice, commendable.
Abominable Snowman
Z9241i_A.indd 5
5/25/10 12:24:09 PM
abort
1. \t\n\n expel. 2.  fall short,
miss, go awry. 3. \r\b cut short, termi-
nate, *scrub, *axe, *ditch, *can, *deep-six.
abortion
coarse, rasping.
.
1. conciliatory, soothing.
2. smooth.
abrasive
abradent, scourer, scraper, polisher,
burnisher, bu
er.
course corundum:
emery
dark, granular mineral used in grinding,
polishing:
aluminum oxide, corundum
abort - abscond
Z9241i_A.indd 6
5/25/10 12:24:09 PM
absence - abstracted
Z9241i_A.indd 7
5/25/10 12:24:09 PM
minded, withdrawn, in a trance, *o
in
space, remote, inattentive, *out to lunch.
.
alert, attentive, sharp.
abstraction
absent-mindedness, preoccu-
pation, reverie, daydreaming, withdrawal,
brooding, re
ecting, mulling.
ABSTRUSE
[ab STROOS] di
cult to under-
stand.
Einsteins abstruse theories confound
all but the brightest scholars.
\t\r. recondite,
deep, incomprehensible, complex, inscruta-
ble, undecipherable, profound, unfathom-
able, *clear as mud, arcane, esoteric, cere-
bral.
.
clear, simple, obvious, *childs play.
absurd
ridiculous, ludicrous, laughable, silly,
preposterous, foolish, outrageous, asinine,
idiotic, loony, stupid, crazy, nonsense.
.
serious, weighty.
absurdity
joke, foolishness, nonsense, idi-
ocy, *bullshit, *bunk, *
ddle faddle, *hog-
wash, pi!
e, *rubbish, *tripe, drivel, twiddle-
twaddle.
abundance
lots, plenty, loads, piles, slew,
Z9241i_A.indd 8
5/25/10 12:24:10 PM
out.
.
decelerate, slow down, wind down,
brake, stop.
acceleration
speeding up, increasing velocity,
*stepping on it, quickening.
.
decelerating,
slowing, braking.
accelerator
throttle, gas pedal.
accent
1. \b\t\t stress, signi
cance. 2. \b-
\t\t  \n\r\f\r \r stress, accentu-
ation, delivery, attack, in
ection, articula-
tion, enunciation, rhythm, tone. 3. \n\b\r-
 \t\b\r \r\r\b\n brogue, burr, drawl,
twang, dialect. 4. \b\b\t\b\r orna-
ment, dressing, touch.
accent
accentuate, highlight, underscore,
underline, spotlight, emphasize, point up,
punctuate.
.
downplay, ignore, hide
accentuate
\t\b\b \b\r
accept
Z9241i_A.indd 9
5/25/10 12:24:10 PM
ACCOLADE
[AK uh LADE] an award or
honor.
e dance troupe is winning accolades
from critics nationwide.
\t\r. honor, recogni-
tion, tribute, praise, acclaim, applause, exal-
tation, kudos, credit, award, prize.
accommodate
1. \b aid, assist, help, per-
form a kindness, serve, furnish, do a favor,
grant, indulge, lend a hand. 2. \f\t\b lodge,
quarter, put up, board, furnish a room, shel-
ter, entertain, take in. 3.  accustom,
adjust, bend, conform, acclimate, reconcile,
modify, 
t, tailor.
accommodating
obliging, helpful, pleasing,
gracious, considerate, hospitable, benevo-
Z9241i_A.indd 10
5/25/10 12:24:10 PM
putation, reckoning, accrual, pro
t and loss
statement, register, invoice, tab, calcula-
tion. \t\b\b \r 3. \n  importance, value,
weight, consequence, signi
cance, merit.
account
1. \n\b\r add up, calculate, balance
the books. 2. \r\t\b\n \n explain, give a
reason for, justify, rationalize. 3. \r\t\b\n
hold, regard, deem, estimate, judge, believe,
rate, view.
account of, on
prep.
because of, since, for the
sake of, by virtue of.
account, on no
prep.
under no circumstances,
for no reason, never.
account, take into
prep.
consider, allow for,
think about.
accountability
responsibility. \t\b\b \f\r -
accountable
responsible, liable, beholden,
answerable, obligated, duty-bound, culpable,
held to blame.
.
excused, exempt, *let o
the hook.
accountant
bookkeeper, auditor, CPA, certi-
ed public accountant, controller, comptrol-
ler, bank examiner, clerk, *number cruncher,
*bean counter, *pencil pusher, *desk jockey,
actuary. \t\b\b \f\r \r, \r, \r\b
accounting
1. \n\b\n\r \r \r \b\n\n\b -
\r \r\r \f\r \t bookkeeping,
balancing the books, reckoning, crediting
and debiting, auditing, computing, calculat-
ing, recording. 2. \r\r \t  \b\b\r ac-
expenses less than income:
positive cash 
head accountant of business or govern-
ment:
controller, comptroller
Z9241i_A.indd 11
5/25/10 12:24:11 PM
accuracy
precision, correc
tness, exactness, 
acerbate
1. \b \b\n sour, poison, gall. 2.
\b\t\b\n \b aggravate, ru!
e, annoy, dis-
turb, *rattle ones cage, perturb, provoke.
ACERBIC
[uh SUR bick] anything sour, bit-
ter, or sharp.
She was an insulting, acerbic-
tongued witch.
\t\r. sour, bitter, harsh, sharp,
astringent, acidic, acrid, tart, caustic.
.
Z9241i_A.indd 12
5/25/10 12:24:11 PM
mild antiseptic:
boric acid
milk-derived:
lactic acid
odoriferous corrosive poison used in explo-
sives, antiseptics:
phenol
protein-forming:
amino acids
stomach acid:
hydrochloric acid
urine-derived:
uric acid
vinegar ingredient:
crown, apex, top, apogee, greatest, best, su-
premacy.
. lowest, valley, pit, bottom.
pimples, *zits, blackheads, pustules, fa-
cial eruption, skin in
ammation, blemishes,
pockmarks, *pizza-face, rosacea.
acolyte
altar boy, assistant, attendant, help-
er, aid.
acorn
oak nut, fruit.
acoustic
sound, sound properties, hearing,
auditory, phonic, audio, aural.
acoustics
sound qualities, echoes, noise proper-
ties, sound transmission, sound frequencies.
absorbs all sound, produces no echoes:
an-
echoic
boom produced by object moving faster
than sound:
sonic boom
harmonious sound:
consonance
hearing tester:
acid - acquiesce
Z9241i_A.indd 13
5/25/10 12:24:11 PM
*cave in, give in, agree, capitulate, concur, abide
by, come around, submit, *fall in line.
.
re-
sist, 
ght, challenge, rebu
, make a stand.
acquiescence
yielding, compliance, accep-
tance, consenting, *buckling under, capitu-
lation, submission, concurring, *caving in,
deferring, assenting, subservience, servility.
.
resistance, making a stand, rebellion.
acquire
acrimony
bitterness, nastiness, causticity, vit-
riol, spite, sarcasm, asperity, harshness.
.
sweetness, civility, kindness.
acrobat
gymnast, tumbler, aerialist, tightrope
walker, stuntman, stuntwoman, circus per-
former, trapeze artist, contortionist.
acrobatics
gymnastics, tumbling, somersault-
ing, 
ipping, balancing.
acronym
abbreviation.
acrophobia
fear of heights. \t\b\b 
acropolis
high city, elevated city, citadel.
famous Greek temple of:
Parthenon
across
crosswise, crossways, transversely, criss-
cross, astride.
across
prep.
1. \b\n opposite to, to the other
side, beyond, in front of. 2. \r  \r 
  upon, into.
across-the-board
1. \r, \b, \r \t
2.  everything, comprehensive, sweeping,
Z9241i_A.indd 14
5/25/10 12:24:12 PM
acting
\n\b \b\r\r blu
ng, faking, feigning,
putting up a false front, playing make-be-
lieve, posing, putting up a facade, a
ecting.
acting
\t\f\t  \f \r surrogate, functioning,
operating, alternate, temporary, deputy, in-
terim, provisional, pro tem, adjutant.
.
permanent.
action
1.    motion, movement, func-
tioning, performance, working, energy,
commotion. 2.  deed, move, e
ort, en-
leading man, leading lady. A musician who
plays on a homemade instrument„him-
self.Ž„Helen Hayes. \t\b\b  \n\b\t\t, \b,
\b\b\t\r, \b \b\n
group:
cast, company (stock company), en-
semble, repertory, troupe
improvisation:
main role:
lead
minor role:
bit player, cameo, extra, spear
carrier, walk on
monologue performer:
monologist
natural, realistic:
Z9241i_A.indd 15
5/25/10 12:24:12 PM
acuity, smarts, sagacity, wisdom.
.
igno-
rance, dullness, stupidity, naivete.
acute
1. \t\n pointed, needle-like. 2. \b\b\r
sharp, shrewd, quick, smart, astute, percep-
tive, bright, discerning. 3. \t\b\r\t \b recep-
tive, responsive, perceptive. 4. \t\b\b\n\b seri-
ous, critical, crucial, vital, important, grave,
momentous, urgent, dangerous, intense. 5.
\t\n high, piercing.
.
1. dull, blunt. 2.
dull, obtuse, slow, stupid. 3. insensitive, im-
perceptive. 4. mild, unimportant, insigni
cant. 5. low, bass.
A.D.
adv.
anno Domini, in the year of the Lord.
ADAGE
[ADD ij] an old saying illustrating
some universal truth.
Charity begins at
homeŽ and Honesty is the best policyŽ are
popular adages.
\t\r. saying, proverb, aph-
orism, axiom, folk wisdom, motto, maxim,
platitude, precept, truism, cliche.
ADAMANT
[AD uh mant] not giving in or
yielding, stubborn.
LBJ was adamant about
not being typed as a Southerner, because that
meant political handicaps
. \t\r. unyielding,
unrelenting, stubborn, in
exible, unbend-
ing, rigid, intractable, obdurate, immovable,
rm, resolute, 
xed, uncompromising, de-
termined.
.
exible, yielding, acquiescing.
adapt
adjust, modify, assimilate, conform, suit,
reform, acculturate,  t, alter, change, accom-
modate, orient, bend, acclimate, attune, con-
vert, harden, temper, habituate, evolve, rein-
vent, retro
t, *change ones spots.
adaptable
adjustable, modi
able, convertible,
alterable, changeable, transformable, vari-
able, 
exible, pliable.
. invariable, rigid,
unbending.
adaptation
adjustment, modi
cation, altera-
tion, change, transformation, variation, as-
similation, conformation, accommodation,
hardening, retro
t, tempering, acclimation,
Z9241i_A.indd 16
5/25/10 12:24:12 PM
adhere
1. \t  a
x, cling, stay, attach, hold
fast, cement, fasten, cleave, cohere. 2. \t 
  \n \b \b \b  support, observe,
follow, abide by, respect, maintain, practice,
be attached, keep to, be faithful.
. 1. sep-
arate, come unglued, repel. 2. stray, condemn,
adhere - administrator
Z9241i_A.indd 17
5/25/10 12:24:13 PM
executive o
cer), bureaucrat, o
cial, direc-
tor, overseer, governor, head, chair, leader,
*paper shu!
er.
admirable
model, praiseworthy, enviable, ex-
cellent, honorable, respectable, commend-
able, wonderful, ideal, great, exceptional,
revered, laudable, superior.
. despicable,
low, rotten.
admiral
commander. 
at part of the war-
ship which does the talking while the 
gure-
head does the thinking.Ž„Ambrose Bierce.
\t\b\b \r \b\n
admiration
esteem, adoration, reverence, ap-
proval, regard, idolizing, applause, praise,
awe, respect, veneration, glori
cation, fond-
ness, *foot-kissing, worship. A very short-
lived passion, that immediately decays upon
growing familiar with its object.Ž„Joseph
Addison. 
e daughter of ignorance.Ž„
Benjamin Franklin.
.
disgust, despising,
loathing, disrespect.
admire
regard, esteem, look up to, respect,
revere, idolize, praise, worship, model a
er,
honor, put on a pedestal, hail.
.
loathe,
despise, look down on, disrespect.
admirer
fan, devotee, follower, disciple, sup-
porter.
admissible
acceptable, permissible, allowed,
passable, legitimate, legal, lawful, okay, tol-
erable, proper, suitable.
.
inadmissible, il-
legal, intolerable.
admission
1. \b\r \n\r\b entry, passage, ac-
Z9241i_A.indd 18
5/25/10 12:24:13 PM
adorn
ornament, don, bedeck, dress, deco-
rate, embellish, beautify, trim, festoon, gar-
nish, spruce up, emblazon.
adornment
ornament, decoration, dressing,
embellishment, bauble, trinket, trimming,
spangle, garnish, trapping, frills, 
nery, frip-
pery, doodad.
adrenalin
epinephrine, stress hormone, *
ght
or 
ight hormone.
dri
ing, free-
oating, directionless,
wandering, unanchored, at the winds will,
astray, aimless, a
oat, derelict, loose.
.
anchored, grounded, stable.
ADROIT
[uh DROYT] mentally or physical-
ly skilled.
Donatello was an adroit sculptor.
\t\r. skillful, de
, dexterous, expert, clever,
*crack, sharp, talented, experienced, master-
ful, practiced, pro
cient, nimble, astute.
.
maladroit, bumbling, fumbling, *dim.
adulate
atter, *apple polish, gush, admire,
Z9241i_A.indd 19
5/25/10 12:24:13 PM
gun, daredevil, voyager, wanderer, swash-
buckler, pioneer, knight, trailblazer, pirate,
Don Quixote, romantic, *armchair adven-
turer. An outlaw . . . Adventure must start
with running away from home.Ž„William
Bolitho. 2. \t\b\f \n gold-digger, investor,
opportunist, fortune hunter, gambler, entre-
preneur, *wide-eyed dreamer.
.
1. home-
body, stick-in-the-mud, *killjoy, milquetoast,
Nervous Nellie.
adventuresome
venturesome, risk-taking,
thrill-seeking, adventurous, daring, foolhar-
dy, opportunistic, bold, enterprising.
.
cautious, prudent.
modi
er.
ADVERSARY
[ADD ver ser ee] an opponent
or enemy.
e two adversaries squared o
in
the ring.
\t\r. opponent, enemy, foe, rival,
addresses of potential customers:
mailing
ad run in selected locale:
spot ad
aggressive style of selling:
hard sell
ambitious presentation:
dog and pony show
award for radio and TV advertising excel-
lence:
catchy phrase or lyric:
hook, jingle, slogan
consumer group serving as guinea pigs:
test market
editorial-like newspaper ad:
advertorial
dishonest touting of high-priced item af-
ter advertising low-priced item:
bait
and switch
expansion of ad campaign beyond test
adventuresome - advice
Z9241i_A.indd 20
5/25/10 12:24:14 PM
advisable
recommended, wise, good advice,
good counsel.
advise
1. \f\r\t\b recommend, tip, direct,
guide, admonish, suggest, hint, give a word
to the wise, exhort, point out, forewarn, ad-
advisable - a\t
liate
Z9241i_A.indd 21
5/25/10 12:24:14 PM
liation
association, connection, alliance,
AFFRONT
[uh FRUNT] to insult or o
end.
He was sorely a
ronted. \t\r. insult, o
end,
injure, hurt, irritate, annoy, gall, rile, dis-
please, provoke, pique, slight.
.
compli-
ment, \n
atter, adulate.
cionado
devotee, connoisseur, follower, fa-
natic, enthusiast, *nut. \t\b\b \r
eld
adv.
the beaten track, out of bounds,
away, astray.
oat
adv.
oating, adri
, o
shore, at sea, on
the water.
afoot
a./adv.
about, up and about, astir.
afraid
scared, frightened, fearful, terri
ed,
panic-stricken, alarmed, apprehensive, anx-
ious, shocked, frozen, rattled, startled, leery,
jumpy, *wide-eyed with fear, shaky, quiver-
Z9241i_A.indd 22
5/25/10 12:24:14 PM
ermath
consequence, a
ere
ect, result,
outcome, e
ect, fallout, repercussions, *rip-
ples, wake, by-product.
adv.
once more, repeatedly, anew.
prep.
opposite to, contrary to.
agape
a./adv.
1. \b\r gaping, wide open. 2.
\t  \b  \b\b\r dumbstruck, 
abber-
gasted, astonished, saucer-eyed, goggle-eyed,
bug-eyed, wonderstruck.
1. \b\n  \b generation, duration,
Z9241i_A.indd 23
5/25/10 12:24:14 PM
agility
nimbleness, quicknes
s, keenness, sharp-
ness, light-footedness, dexterity, sprightliness,
suppleness, liveliness, adroitness.
.
clum-
siness, slowness, oa
shness
aging
maturing, growing, seasoning, se-
agree
concur, accord, accede, be of one mind,
come to terms, consent, grant, fall in line,
side with, *see eye to eye, *square with, har-
monize, correspond, coincide, jibe.
.
dis-
agree, di
er, oppose.
agreeable
1. \r\t\b\r \r conforming, com-
plying, amenable, in accord, accepting. 2.
\b\t\r acceptable, good, likable, to ones
liking, unobjectionable, appealing, felici-
tous, pleasurable.
.
1. dissenting. 2. dis-
agreeable, unacceptable.
agreement
1. \n \b\r \n \n \r \n
understanding, contract, bargain, deal, cov-
enant, pact, arrangement. 2. \n\r, -
\n conformity, compromise, correspon-
dence, accordance, consensus, accession,
understanding, compatibility, uniformity,
agility - aim
Z9241i_A.indd 24
5/25/10 12:24:15 PM
aimless
purposeless, pointless, dri
ing, stray-
ing, wandering, desultory, haphazard.
.
focused, directed.
1. gas, atmosphere, oxygen, nitrogen,
ozone, sky, aerospace. 2. \b\n\r manner,
attitude, deportment, appearance, aura. 3.
ap that slows aircra
or increases rate of
descent:
spoiler
ashing white lights on wingtips:
strobes
ight data recorder:
black box
uid-based controls:
hydraulics
green identi
cation light on right side:
star-
board light
high-speed wind stream:
aimless - Air Force
Z9241i_A.indd 25
5/25/10 12:24:15 PM
Fighter, P-3 Orion, Harrier. \t\b\b \n\n ,
\n\n , \n\b , \t\t\b, \r
air attack:
air strike, bombing run, dog 
ght,
stra
airborne early warning system:
AWACS
altitude code for thousands of feet:
bombing over large area:
overseeing agency:
FAA, Federal Aviation
Administration
pilots weather and route info center:
ight
service center
radio-guided landing system:
microwave
landing system
tower personnel:
air tra
c controller
turno
lanes o
runway:
rollout lanes
wind direction indicator:
wind sock
\t\b\b \n
air sickness
motion sickness, nausea, dizzi-
ness, vertigo.
air strike
bombing, bombing run, stra
ng,
airhead - albatross
Z9241i_A.indd 26
5/25/10 12:24:15 PM
tross that brought bad luck a
er it was shot
and hung around the Mariners neck in
e Rime of the Ancient Mariner.Ž
Water-
gate was Richard Nixons albatross.
\t\r. bur-
den, disgrace, cross to bear, millstone, mis-
ery, woe, load.
albeit
conj.
even though, although.
album
anthology, folder, scrapbook, note-
book, miscellany.
alchemist
pseudo scientist, magician.
[AL kem ee] the medieval pseu-
do sciences involving the transmutation of
albeit - allegory
Z9241i_A.indd 27
5/25/10 12:24:16 PM
allergen
irritant, immune trigger, antigen,
foreign substance, pollen, dust mite, dander,
ragweed.
allergic
immune sensitive, sensitive, suscep-
tible, hypersensitive, averse to.
allergy
sensitivity, susceptibility, hypersensi-
tivity, immune defense, hay fever, aversion.
\t\b\b \b\r\b
extreme allergic reation:
anaphylaxis
red blotches:
hives
alleviate
lighten, lessen, reduce, relieve, ease,
mitigate, allay, so
en, diminish, slake, as-
suage.
.
exacerbate, intensify, aggravate.
alley
passage, lane, cul-de-sac, deadend,
walkway.
alliance
1. \f\r\r joining, association, a
ation, partnership, coalition, confederacy,
league, federation, consortium. 2. \n\b\b-
\b\r pact, friendship, treaty, covenant, un-
derstanding, deal, contract.
allied
joined, associated, a
liated, federated,
confederate, cooperative, unionized, united,
amalgamated.
.
independent, sole.
alligator
*gator, reptile, beast, el lagarto
(Spanish), crocodilian.
related:
crocodile, caiman
all-nighter
*redeye, *graveyard shi
/duty.
ALLOCATE
[AL uh KATE] to allot or distrib-
ute.
e board will allocate funds to help us
copper and tin:
bronze, pewter
copper and zinc:
brass
lead and tin:
pewter
allowance
share, allotment, pay, support, ra-
tion, appropriation, subsidy, stipend, recom-
pense, contribution, percentage, earnings.
all-purpose
Z9241i_A.indd 28
5/25/10 12:24:16 PM
ALOOF
[uh LOOF] distant or remote.
He
was strangely quiet and aloof, like a lone wolf.
\t\r. distant, remote, reserved, *at arms
length, cool, stando
sh, chilly, *stuck up,
unapproachable, closed, unfriendly, unso-
Z9241i_A.indd 29
5/25/10 12:24:16 PM
AMBIGUOUS
[am BIG yoo us] having two
AMENABLE
[uh MEN uh bul] willing, re-
sponsive or agreeable.
He was amenable to
change.
\t\r. open, acquiescent, cooperative,
obedient, tractable, pliable.
.
unwilling,
closed-minded, disagreeable.
1. \n\b better, correct, 
x, mend,
ameliorate. 2. \r\b revise, correct, edit,
alter, revise, transform.
.
worsen, dam-
age, corrupt.
amendment
Z9241i_A.indd 30
5/25/10 12:24:17 PM
cartridge with no projectile:
blank
case of projectiles 
red from cannon:
can-
cast-iron balls:
grapeshot
dangerous fragments of:
shrapnel
glowing trail across sky, produces:
amnesia - anarchist
Z9241i_A.indd 31
5/25/10 12:24:17 PM
be governed, but he himself doesnt want to
be governed.Ž„George Bernard Shaw.
ANARCHY
[AN ar kee] chaos, disorder; ab-
sence of government.
e riots brought wide-
spread looting and anarchy.
\t\r. chaos, dis-
order, confusion, lawlessness, rioting, tur-
moil, mayhem, bedlam, revolution, violence,
collapse of authority.
.
order, law and or-
der, organization.
anathema
1. \b \r\b the accursed, the
condemned, pariah, outcast, heretic, villain.
2. \f\n\t\b ban, excommunication, denuncia-
tion, proscription, imprecation, damnation,
condemnation.
.
1. the blessed. 2. blessing.
anatomy
androgen
hormone, steroid, testosterone, an-
drosterone, masculinizing hormone. \t\b\b
ANDROGYNOUS
[an DRAW juh nus] hav-
ing male and female characteristics.
Many
rock stars dress in an androgynous manner.
\t\r. unisexual, bisexual, hermaphrodite,
epicene, cross-sexual.
.
female, male.
person with these qualities:
androgyne
android
robot, automaton.
anecdotal
illustrative, characterizing, inci-
dental, limited in scope.
anecdote
Z9241i_A.indd 32
5/25/10 12:24:17 PM
ent degrees.Ž„Ralph Waldo Emerson. Mo-
mentary insanity.Ž„Horace. A wind which
blows out the lamp of the mind.Ž„Robert
Ingersoll.
.
lee, calm, a
ection, goodwill.
\t\b\b \r\n
anger
enrage, infuriate, irritate, annoy, out-
re
ex angle. 2. \r  \b perspective,
viewpoint, position, standpoint, slant.
angler
\t\b\b \t\b\n\r
angry
mad, enraged, infuriated, *pissed, ir-
ritated, annoyed, incensed, *spitting mad,
bitter, *boiling, *stewing, burning, bris-
tling, *gone ballistic, raging, *bent out of
shape, en
amed, *hot under the collar,
ed, *steamed, *teed o
, *ticked o
, dis-
pleased, provoked, *hot, irked, indignant,
tation crossing ones face; stony expres-
sion; face  ushing with indignation; eyes
Z9241i_A.indd 33
5/25/10 12:24:18 PM
animal (continued)
ANIMALGROUPMALEFEMALEYOUNG
Antelope
herdbuckdoekid
Ass
herd/drovejackjennycolt/foal
animal - annals
Z9241i_A.indd 34
5/25/10 12:24:18 PM
addition, new wing, addendum, at-
tachment.
add, attach, append, join, incorporate,
connect, merge, unite.
.
detach, discon-
nect.
ANNIHILATE
[uh NIY uh layt] to destroy
utterly.
e dictator threatened to annihilate
the rebellious town.
\t\r. destroy, demolish,
obliterate, crush, kill, wipe out, decimate,
exterminate, liquidate, nullify *wipe o
the
map. \t\b\b \n
annihilation
demolition. \t\b\b \b\t \n\f \r
anniversary
commemoration. \t\b\b 
ANNOTATE
[AN o tayt] to add notes or
comments.
announce
proclaim, declare, broadcast, her-
annex - annul
Z9241i_A.indd 35
5/25/10 12:24:18 PM
annulment
invalidation, nulli
cation, can-
cellation, voiding, elimination, abolishment,
repeal.
consecrate, bless, make holy, rub oil on,
smear with oil.
ANOMALOUS
[uh NOM uh lus] strange,
out of place.
An anomalous July snowstorm
surprised us all.
\t\r. deviating, abnormal,
irregular, inconsistent, strange, odd, out
of place, unexpected, atypical, quirky.
.
normal, typical, usual.
ANOMALY
[uh NOM uh lee] an abnormal-
ity or irregularity.
A snowstorm in Florida is
an anomaly.
\t\r. abnormality, irregularity,
exception to the rule, quirk, oddity, devia-
tion, rarity, departure from the norm.
.
the norm, regularity, same old thing.
anonymous
nameless, unknown, unsigned,
unidenti
Z9241i_A.indd 36
5/25/10 12:24:19 PM
repugnance.
. liking, attraction, appeal,
ection.
ANTIQUATED
bie-jeebies, free-
Z9241i_A.indd 37
5/25/10 12:24:19 PM
Z9241i_A.indd 38
5/25/10 12:24:19 PM
appearance
1. \t\r presentation, emerg-
ing, arrival, materialization, manifestation,
coming. 2. \f \n \b\n\r\b facade,
image, impression, illusion, semblance, ex-
terior, guise. 3.  form, shape, demeanor,
countenance, air, character, mien, features,
bearing, aspect.
APPEASE
[uh PEEZ] to pacify or placate.
We
tried to appease the angry bear with a bucket
of blueberries.
plaudits, kudos, tribute, approval. Of-
ten less a blessing than a snare.Ž„Edward
Young.
.
boos, hisses, rejection, denigra-
tion, disapproval.
apple
pome, pippin, fruit, codling.
apple of ones eye:
Z9241i_A.indd 39
5/25/10 12:24:20 PM
ment, accoutrement, out
t, accessory, 
ting, trapping.
apportion
allot, divide, distribute, dole out,
allocate, mete.
apposite
relevant, apt, 
tting, appropriate,
apropos, be
tting, proper, suited.
. inap-
propriate, irrelevant.
appraisal
evaluation, valuation, assessment,
rating, estimate.
appraise
evaluate, valuate, assess, rate, esti-
mate, measure, judge, put a value on.
appreciable
perceptible, signi
cant, substan-
tial, measurable, discernible.
.
negligible,
insigni
cant.
appreciate
1. \b\r# esteem, value, prize, re-
gard, respect, like, cherish. 2. \b \r\f
\n be obliged, be grateful, give thanks, ac-
knowledge, credit. 3. \n \r \f\b in-
crease, gain, compound, enhance, in
ate.
.
1. overlook, disregard, ignore. 2. depreci-
ate, decrease, de\n
ate, lose.
appreciation
1. \b\r#\b\r esteem, regard,
respect, liking, prizing, cherishing, a
ection.
2. \r\t gratefulness, gratitude, acknowl-
edgement, thankfulness, credit. 3. \n 
\r \f\b increase, compounding, in
ation,
escalation.
.
1. disrespect, disregard. 2.
ungratefulness. 3. depreciation, loss, de\n
ation.
apprehend
1. \n\n\b\t catch, capture, *nab,
*collar, take into custody, seize, incarcerate,
jail. 2. \f\r\b\n\t \r perceive, comprehend,
Z9241i_A.indd 40
5/25/10 12:24:20 PM
apt
1. \t\f \b appropriate, 
tting, relevant,
germane, apropos. 2. \b inclined, prone,
quick, liable, disposed. 3. \b\b\n quick,
bright, adept. \t\b\b \r \b\b\r
.
1. inap-
propriate, irrelevant. 2. unlikely. 3. slow, dull.
aptitude
ability, talent, 
air, knack, gi
, skill,
capability, faculty, intelligence, pro
ciency.
aqua
water, liquid, solution.
aquamarine
bluish green.
aquarium
tank, 
shbowl.
aquatic
marine, lacustrine, 
uvial.
aqueduct
conduit, pipe, channel, trough, wa-
tercourse, race.
aqueous
watery.
.
dry
arable
plowable, tillable, fertile.
.
barren,
desolate, sterile.
[AR bi tur] one who judges or me-
diates.
e arbiter negotiated a settlement be-
tween the two con\n
icting parties.
\t\r. judge,
mediator, arbitrator, umpire, referee, inter-
old-world, antediluvian.
.
modern, fresh,
*cutting edge, new.
archbishop
chief bishop.
archenemy
1. Satan, the Devil. 2. \b \b\r-
\b adversary, nemesis, bête noire.
archeologist
historian, anthropologist.
archeology
history, anthropology. Frozen
history.Ž„Gregory Mason.
Bronze Age, Copper Age, Iron Age,
Stone Age
artifacts, list of:
catalogue
artifacts, look a
er:
curate
artifacts, looks a
er:
curator
bone pile:
butchering station
Z9241i_A.indd 41
5/25/10 12:24:20 PM
original position or location, in its:
in situ
outside research:
eldwork
piece of broken pottery:
potsherd
pointed pick for small cleanings of ob-
jects:
dental pick
pollen and spores, study of ancient:
paly-
nology
projectile point of Native Americans, 
ed, leaf-shaped:
clovis point
projectile points, rock used for:
chert
soil sample containing clues to past climate,
res, or volcanic activity:
core sample
source or documented history of an arti-
provenance
stone co
n:
stone inscription or carving:
petroglyph
stone of glass used for cutting:
obsidian
stone, picture painted on:
pictograph
stone that sparks when struck:
int
surveyors tool:
transit
tools, prehistoric:
hammerstone, hand ax,
hide scraper, mano, microlith, milling
stone
thumping ground for resonating signal of
buried chambers:
bowsing
underground objects locator:
ground pen-
eighteenth-century style derived from
classical, Renaissan
ce, and Baroque:
Georgian
elaborately decorative European style
from 1550-1700s:
baroque
exposed beams style of sixteenth-century
Britain:
Tudor
orid ornamentation, eighteenth-century
France:
rococo
French Gothic form with 
aming tracery,
eenth century:
amboyant style
futuristic chevron and zigzag style of the
art deco
Gothic revived:
Gothic Revival
Italian, classically derived, fourteenth
through sixteenth centuries:
Renaissance
Mediterranean style characterized by
horseshoe arches, domes, tunnel vaults,
Z9241i_A.indd 42
5/25/10 12:24:21 PM
argot
jargon, lingo, cant, idiom, vocabulary,
vernacular, parlance, slang.
argue
1. \b contend, maintain, hold, as-
sert, expostulate, evince, insist. 2. "\f\n\n\b
ght, bicker, debate, haggle, quibble, *hash
out, *lock horns, altercate, squabble, *have a
row, *mix it up, wrangle.
.
agree, concur,
assent
. \t\b\b \r\n, \n \r
argument
1. \r \b\r \r plea, asser-
tion, proof, pros and cons, evidence, sup-
port, reasoning, defense, line of reasoning,
grounds, case. 2. "\f\n\n\b\r disagreement,
ght, dispute, debate, altercation, *row, *ti
*spat, uproar, squabble, imbroglio. 
e lon-
Z9241i_A.indd 43
5/25/10 12:24:21 PM
army
1. \n\b legion, mass, multitude,
throng, swarm. 2. \n\b \n\b\t troops, in-
fantry, soldiers, division, battalion, ground
forces. A body of men assembled to rec-
tify the mistakes of the diplomats.Ž„Jose-
phus Daniels. \t\b\b \n \n\b, \f\r \r,
, \f\b , \f\r, \n\r\b\t, \r, \r\f-
\b\n , \n, \b\r
absent without leave:
AWOL
bursts from antiaircra
guns:
clandestine movement:
ratline
collective term for ammo, guns, explo-
ordnance
combat fatigue:
shell shock
discharge for physical or mental problem:
section eight
drab camp uniform:
fatigues
eating facility:
emergency call-up troops:
reserves
enemy ground to be won:
bridgehead
enemy role during NATO exercise:
orange
forces
nishing o
defeated enemy:
mopping up
form up and come to attention:
forti
cation, small, of concrete or sand-
bags:
pillbox
friendly role during NATO exercise:
blue
forces
hiding material:
camou
i.d. piece on chain:
dogtag
infantryman, slang:
grunt
items:
materiel
jeep:
hum-vee
Uniform, Victor, Whiskey, X-ray, Yan-
kee, Zulu.
ranks, in ascending order:
(enlisted men)
Private E-1, Private E-2, Private First-
Class E-3; (noncommissioned o
cers)
Corporal E-4, Sergeant E-5, Sta
Ser-
geant E-6, Platoon Sergeant E-7, Mas-
ter Sergeant E-8, First Sergeant E-8, Ser-
geant Major E-9, Command Major Ser-
geant E-9, Sergeant Major of the Army
E-9; (warrant o
cers) Warrant O cer,
grade one; Chief Warrant O
cer, grade
two; Chief Warrant O
cer, grade three;
Chief Warrant O
cer, grade four; (com-
missioned o
cers) Second Lieutenant,
First Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Lieu-
tenant Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier Gen-
eral, Major General, Lieutenant General,
Four Star General, Five Star General of
the Army
recruit training facility:
boot camp
request for 
re:
call for 
re, all available
shelter, lodging:
Z9241i_A.indd 44
5/25/10 12:24:21 PM
inate, serve a summons, blame, *point the
nger at.
.
exonerate, absolve, acquit.
arrange
1. \f \r \n\b\n organize, straighten,
, bolt, dart, projectile, missile.
barb:
uke
bowstring notch:
nock
case:
quiver
crossbow:
bolt
feather, put on:
Z9241i_A.indd 45
5/25/10 12:24:21 PM
nonrepresentational:
abstract
nonrepresentational style that focuses on
emotion and the act of painting itself:
abstract expressionism
nonschooled:
folk art
points or tiny dots creating a whole:
poin-
tillism
realistic, photographic:
photorealism, hy-
perealism, tromp loeil, magic realism,
representational
rich ornamentation, curved lines, six-
teenth through eighteenth century:
roque
traditional forms:
academic art
Warhols (Andy) bigger-than-life depic-
tions of everyday objects:
pop art
artery
channel, vein, blood vessel, canal.
artful
1. \b\b\n adroit, skillful, ingenious. 2.
\f\r\r\r sly, cra
y, shrewd, wily.
.
1. un-
skilled, inept. 2. artless, naive.
article
1. \t \n piece, news release, report,
write-up, feature. 2.  \b object, thing, bit,
piece, *thingamajig.
articulate
express, enunciate, voice, pro-
nounce, utter, make clear, elucidate.
ARTICULATE
[ar TIK yuh lut] expressive,
eloquent, well-spoken.
e talk show host
was an articulate woman.
\t\r. expressive,
eloquent, well-spoken, intelligible, lucid,
smooth-talking, 
uent, facile.
.
inarticu-
late, tongue-tied, stammering, mumbled.
ARTIFICE
[ART uh 
s] ingenuity or clever-
ness; cunning, trickery.
He succeeded in fool-
ing us through arti
ce.
\t\r. ingenuity, clev-
erness, inventiveness, sk
illfulness, wile, ruse,
trickery, contrivance, cunning, cra
iness, du-
plicity, machination, guile, artfulness, deceit,
nesse.
.
Z9241i_A.indd 46
5/25/10 12:24:22 PM
asleep
slumbering, *snoozing, *catching
some ZZZs, *catching forty winks, napping,
dozing, *comatose, hibernating, dormant.
.
awake, alert.
aspect
1.  air, mien, bearing, manner. 2.
Z9241i_A.indd 47
5/25/10 12:24:22 PM
ASSIMILATE
[uh SIM uh LATE] to absorb,
digest. Also, to adjust, integrate.
e new
math is di\t
cult to assimilate. It takes time to
assimilate in another country.
\t\r. 1. \t\n
Z9241i_A.indd 48
5/25/10 12:24:22 PM
birth, zodiacal sign rising in the east at
time of ones:
ascent
asylum
1. \t\r \f\n refuge, shelter, haven,
safe harbor, hospice. 2. \t  psychiat-
ric hospital, sanitarium, mental institution,
insane asylum, *nut house, *booby hatch,
*laughing academy, *loony bin, *madhouse.
Z9241i_A.indd 49
5/25/10 12:24:23 PM
layer of oxygen in stratosphere, protects
earth from ultraviolet radiation:
ozone
layer
refrigerants and aerosols known to de-
Z9241i_A.indd 50
5/25/10 12:24:23 PM
attentions
consideration, courtesy, devotion,
civility, care, respect, service.
attentive
1. \r\f observant, alert, conscious,
aware, sharp, thoughtful, noticing, keen, heed-
ful, watchful. 2. \r\t\b\n \b thoughtful, gra-
cious, courteous, solicitous, accommodating,
gallant.
.
1. neglectful, unobservant, heed-
less. 2. inconsiderate, rude, negligent.
attenuate
thin, dilute, weaken, rarefy, dilute,
lessen, decrease, water down, diminish.
.
fortify, strengthen, intensify.
attest
bear witness, certify, verify, con
rm,
substantiate, support, bear out, testify, war-
rant, vouch for, pledge, a
rm, swear, au-
thenticate.
. refute, deny, belie.
attic
Z9241i_A.indd 51
5/25/10 12:24:23 PM
AUGUST
[aw GUST] awe-inspiring, magnif-
icent, worthy of great respect.
Visitors grew
silent as they entered the august cathedral.
\t\r. grand, magni
cent, glorious, impos-
ing, sublime, noble, stately, digni
ed, regal,
supreme, eminent, lo
y, distinguished.
.
lowly, pedestrian, humble.
au naturel
nude, naked, undressed, unclothed,
unadorned, natural.
.
clothed.
au pair
domestic servant, nanny, housekeep-
er, baby-sitter.
aura
ambience, atmosphere, mood, feeling,
*vibes, air, spirit, nimbus, emanation.
aurora
aurora australis (southern lights), au-
rora borealis (northern lights).
auspices
sponsorship, patronage, aegis, sanc-
tion, assistance, authority, guidance, protec-
tion, supervision.
AUSPICIOUS
[aw SPISH us] favorable, of pos-
itive conditions or character.
e economy is
improving; it is an auspicious time for opening
a new business.
\t\r. favorable, propitious, pos-
itive, felicitous, fortunate, timely, opportune,
promising, good, lucky, rosy, golden.
.
un-
favorable, untimely, unfortunate, ominous.
AUSTERE
[aw STEER] severe, stern, or plain
publicizes author and books:
publicist
sells authors books, handles contracts:
lit-
erary agent
writes a book for someone else who may
or may not take credit:
ghostwriter
authoritarian
dictator, tyrant, despot, disci-
august - automobile
Z9241i_A.indd 52
5/25/10 12:24:24 PM
book listing prices of used cars:
blue book
brake components:
brake drum, brake
shoes, brake lining
brakes, non-skid:
anti-lock brakes
bump absorbers:
shock absorbers, suspen-
sion system, leaf springs, springs, tor-
sion bars
cables used to recharge dead battery:
jumper cables
chau
eur-driven:
limousine
convertible:
*ragtop
cutting tool used in a car accident:
Jaws of
Life
dashboard warning lights:
idiot lights, haz-
ard lights
divider between engine and passenger
compartment:
rewall
DUI:
driving under the in
DWI:
driving while intoxicated
electrochemical power unit:
battery
engages and disengages engine from trans-
mission:
clutch
engine speed gauge:
government, free of the mainlands dictates.
\t\r. independent, self-governing, self-rul-
ing, self-reliant, sovereign.
. dependent,
subject, overruled, occupied.
autonomy
independence, sovereignty, self-
rule, self-reliance, home rule, freedom.
.
dependence, subjugation.
autumn
fall, harvest time, Indian summer. A
second spring when every leafs a 
ower.Ž„
Albert Camus.
auxiliary
1. \t\f\n \r assisting, aiding, adju-
vant, helping, contributing. 2. \t\f\t\n sub-
ordinate, supplementary, accessory, additional,
secondary, reserve.
.
2. main, primary.
avail
use, usefulness, bene
t, help, aid, ad-
vantage, pro
avail
utilize, help, assist, aid, serve.
available
handy, ready, accessible, on hand, at
hand, obtainable, on tap, free, at ones dis-
posal.
.
unavailable, out.
avalanche
1. \t\r\t\b landslide. 2. \r\f\r-
\r cataclysm, deluge, 
ood, torrent, bar-
rage. \t\b\b \f\r \r, \f\r \r \r
air current produced by:
avalanche wind
overhang of ice and snow, known for start-
ing avalanches:
cornice
AVANTE-GARDE
[uh vahnt GARD] those
involved in innovation or new techniques,
especially in the arts. T
hey were on the cut-
ting edge of a new science; they were the avant
garde.
\t\r. vanguard, *cutting edge, ground-
breakers, innovators, pioneers, trailblazers,
experimenters, inventors, new school.
AVARICE
[AV ur is] unhealthy desire for
wealth, greed.
Her avarice compelled her to
hobnob with wealthy bachelors.
\t\r. greed,
autonomous - avenue
Z9241i_A.indd 53
5/25/10 12:24:24 PM
average
norm, par, standard, mean.
average
ordinary, typical, usual, common,
Z9241i_A.indd 54
5/25/10 12:24:24 PM
babble
prattle, babel, gibberish, spluttering,
mumbling, blabbing, jabber, burble, blub-
bering, drivel.
babble
prattle, blab, gibber, *yak, jabber, bur-
ble, blather, murmur, sputter, mutter, gush,
splutter, blat, prate, gurgle.
babe in the woods
easy mark, sucker, dupe,
innocent.
babel
confusion, tumult, clamor.
baby
1.  newborn, babe, neonate,
*bambino, papoose, tot, nursling, nipper,
toddler. It is all gut and squall.Ž„Charles
Brown. An inestimable blessing and both-
er.Ž„Mark Twain. 2. \b\t\n\t whiner, cry-
baby, *wimp. \t\t \f \r, \r\n, \r\n \t,
 \t
abandoned and found:
foundling
ailment:
croup
bathtub:
murder of:
infanticide
Native American infant or infant carrier:
papoose
layette
premature infant:
preemie
rubber soother:
so
spot on head:
fontanelle
song:
lullaby
spoil and baby:
coddle
startle re
ex characterized by spread of
Moro re
talk:
babble, coo, gurgle
tooth eruption:
Z9241i_B.indd 55
5/25/10 12:24:26 PM
backbite
slander, malign, *backstab, defame,
vilify, gossip, smear, *badmouth, *dump on,
*tell tales out of school.
backbone
1. \t spinal column, vertebrae.
2.  mainstay, basis. 3.  -
Z9241i_B.indd 56
5/25/10 12:24:27 PM
bagatelle
tri
baggage
luggage, bags, suitcases, valises,
trunks, things, paraphernalia, e
ects, gear.
baggy
sagging, droopy, pu
y, limp, unpressed,
loose, slack, fat, billowing.
. smooth, tight,
pressed, tailored.
bagpipe
\t\t \n  \t
bail
balderdash
bunk, rot, poppycock. \t\t -
\t\t
bale
hazardous, malignant.
. harmless, innocu-
ous, benign.
balk
1.   \t thwart, foil, hinder, im-
Z9241i_B.indd 57
5/25/10 12:24:27 PM
bottom sleeve, where hot air is blown in:
appendix, mouth
broadest portion:
equator
burners lighter:
sparker
hot air, helium, hydrogen
ground crew:
chase crew
ground director of balloon activity:
loonmeister
high-speed launch used in windy condi-
tions:
blasto
interior of bag:
envelope
pilot, passenger:
aeronaut
propane gas heater:
burner
rate of descent:
weights, sandbags, used to control alti-
tude:
ballast
balloon
ate, swell, expand, bloat, pu
out,
dilate, billow.
. de
ate, contract, shrink.
ballot
ticket, slate, vote, poll. 
e rightful
posse, tribe, pack. 2. \n   ensem-
Z9241i_B.indd 58
5/25/10 12:24:28 PM
bang
1. \t \t boom, peal, explode,
thump, crack, clang, slam, thud, sound, pop,
clap. 2.  \t hit, whack, slam, pop, shoot,
clap, punch, clout, smack, rap, beat, pummel.
banish
exile, expel, eject, remove, ban, pro-
scribe, excommunicate, deport, outlaw, dis-
miss, oust, relegate, drum out.
. adopt,
invite, embrace.
banister
handrail, railing, balustrade.
banjo
\t\t \n  \t
bank
nancial institution, savings and loan,
S&L, lending institution, thri
, trust compa-
ny, treasury, credit union, Federal Reserve
Bank, mortgage company. A place where
they lend you an umbrella in fair weather
and ask for it back when it begins to rain.Ž„
Robert Frost. \t\t \t, \t \t 2. \t-
\f\t slope, hill, ledge, mound, levee.
3.  tier, course, string, line, array, series
lowest interest rate at a given time:
prime
rate
messenger/*gopher:
runner
Z9241i_B.indd 59
5/25/10 12:24:28 PM
to heaven, the public agent of the Kingdom,
the gi
of adoption.Ž„Saint Basil.
basin:
baptistery, font, laver
cloth:
chrisom
immersion, by:
holobaptism
robe:
chrisom
water:
laver
BAPTISM OF FIRE
rst or initial experi-
ence that proves to be an ordeal.
e new
recruits were sent immediately to the front,
where they survived a baptism of 
re.
ordeal, trying experience, trial by 
re, night-
mare, initiation, rite of passage, hell, hard-
ship, test of courage, introduction, entrance,
hazing, rude introduction.
baptize
initiate, purify, annoint, cleanse, im-
merse, christen, indoctrinate, consecrate,
sanctify, sprinkle. \t\t \r \r, \t\n
bar
1. \n   stick, strip, stake, pole,
, crosspiece, boom, spar, paling. 2. -
\t\t barrier, obstruction, obstacle,
constraint, block, snag, restraint, barricade,
restriction, stumbling block. 3. \f saloon,
tavern, gin mill, cocktail lounge, *watering
hole, lounge, beer garden, dramshop. 4. \n\t-
\n \t lawyers, attorneys, counselors,
bar association, solicitors, barristers, judi-
ciary, legal fraternity. 5. \f stripe, strip,
striation, ribbon, score, line.
bar
1.  impede, obstruct, prohibit, hin-
der, block, barricade, restrict, restrain, pre-
vent, constrain, interdict. 2. \f\n secure,
lock, seal, close, latch. 3. \t\n\t prohibit,
ostracize, ban, banish, blackball, blacklist,
segregate, spurn, boycott, shut out, freeze
out.
. 1. facilitate, aid, abet. 2. unlock,
open, free. 3. include, welcome, embrace.
barb
insult, dig, cutting remark, putdown, af-
front, criticism.
barbarian
savage, *animal, clod, ignora-
mus, Neanderthal, philistine, lout, primitive,
caveman, lowbrow, redneck, *pig, brute, ruf-
an, hooligan, dolt, Hun.
barbaric
savage, animalistic, ignorant, clod-
dish, primitive, brutish, cruel, lowbrow,
rough, doltish, uncultured, vulgar, wild, ill-
mannered.
. civilized, cultured, re
barbarity
barbarism, savagery, ignorance,
cloddishness, brutality, cruelty, roughness,
vulgarity, wildness, ru
thlessness, brutish-
. civility, nicety, re
nement.
barbarous
savage, animalistic, coarse, igno-
rant, inhuman, primitive, uncivilized, brut-
ish, uncouth, rude, wild, rough, doltish,
uncultured, vulgar, ill-mannered, vicious,
philistine.
. civilized, re
ned, humane,
cultured.
barbecue
ame broil, roast, rotisserie, grill,
sear, cook out, dry, smoke.
barber
hair stylist, hairdresser, beautician,
haircutter, coi
eur.
barbiturate
drug, sedative, depressant, *downer.
bare
1. \n\r\t naked, nude, stripped, in
the bu
, exposed, *in ones birthday suit, dis-
robed. 2. \n barren, stark, spare, austere,
Spartan, un nished, unadorned, empty. 3.
\t bald, plain, stark, unvarnished,
glaring, straightforward, 
agrant.
. 1.
clothed, dressed. 2. ornate, elaborate, decorat-
ed. 3. hidden, covered up, camou
aged.
bare bones
basic, essential, unadorned, core,
simple, no-frills.
barefaced
shameless, brazen, bold, frank, auda-
cious, rude, bumptious, outspoken, insolent,
impudent.
. reserved, polite, respectful.
barely
adv.
hardly, scarcely, just, slightly, merely.
bargain
1.  \t\t\t understanding,
pledge, contract, deal, arrangement, prom-
ise, covenant. A transaction in which each
participant thinks he has cheated the oth-
er.Ž„Anon. 2.  \t\n steal, good value,
Z9241i_B.indd 60
5/25/10 12:24:28 PM
erection of:
barnraising
fodder storage building next to:
grain storage building:
granary
upper portion where hay is stored:
haylo
barnacle
\r\t \t  center, station, home, post,
camp.
base
ground, derive, build, establish, rest,
construct.
base
1. \t  lowly, cheap, impure, de-
based. 2. \t\f\n\t low, mean, ignoble,
dishonorable, indecent, disgraceful, despica-
ble, sordid, degenerate, unprincipled, incor-
barnacle - baseball
Z9241i_B.indd 61
5/25/10 12:24:28 PM
bat, illegal:
corked bat
bats heavy warmup weight:
donut
batting fourth in the lineup:
batting cleanup
bench area for players, enclosed:
dugout
batters grip, improves:
pine tar
batters spot:
batters box
British game:
rounders
catch, spectacular:
circus catch, shoestring
catch
championship, league:
pennant; World Se-
ries
dirt track skirting out
eld wall:
warning
track
double play started by the shortstop (6)
who throws to the second baseman
(4), who completes the play to the 
baseman (3):
6-4-3 double play
drawing of players from schools and mi-
nor leagues:
dra
fantasy baseball based on statistics:
Rotis-
serie League
fastball, slang:
reball, *hummer, *smoke
fans fanciful game of:
Rotisserie League
Baseball
rst-year player:
rookie
yball, high in
eld:
pop-up
yball, short:
blooper
y balls, practice catching:
grounder, bouncing:
chopper
hit ball that bounces into stands:
ground -
rule double
hit o
en used as sacri
ce to move runner
on, very short in
eld:
bunt
hit that causes an out but moves an on-
base runner along:
sacri
hitter who can be counted on in critical
situations:
clutch hitter
hitter who substitute hits for pitcher:
ignated hitter
hit, weak:
nubber, squibber, Texas Leaguer
homerun driving in a total of four runs:
grand slam
homerun:
four-bagger
homerun, to hit a:
go downtown; air it out
illegally alter ball or bat:
doctor
locker room, o
pitch, curving or altering trajectory:
break-
ing ball, curveball, forkball, knuckleball,
screwball, sinker, slider, spitball, split-
ngered fastball
pitch, deceptively slow:
-speed pitch
pitch hitting batter, intentionally wild:
beanball
pitch intentionally thrown for a ball out-
side:
pitchout
pitch nearly hitting batter intentionally:
brushback pitch
pitch, slow and easy to hit:
lollipop
pitch thrown deceptively slow:
change-up
pitcher, closing:
closer, reliever, stopper
pitcher, illegal motion made by:
pitcher, le
handed:
southpaw
pitcher, teams best:
pitcher who uses clever pitches instead of
speed:
nesse pitcher
pitchers warmup area:
bullpen
player making game-losing error:
goat
player not currently under contract and
free to change teams:
free agent
players nickname:
boys of summer
rectangles batter stands in at bat:
batters
box
screen, protective:
backstop
Z9241i_B.indd 62
5/25/10 12:24:29 PM
basis
base, foundation, support, root, ground-
ing, nucleus, source, center.
bask
1.   \t\t\n  \r\t  *catch
some rays, sunbathe. 2. \n \t revel,
delight in, wallow, eat up.
basket
container, receptacle, hamper, wicker-
work, creel, pannier, scuttle.
basketball
*hoops, *brownball, *B-ball, ball,
post near foul line:
high post
ratio of shots taken and scored:
eld goal
percentage
rebounding, aggressive:
*crashing the boards
screen or legal block:
pick
screen play:
pick and roll
shot, close, o
-the-backboard:
layup
shot, jumping:
jump shot, *J
shot, one-handed arc:
hook shot
shot, poor:
*air ball, *brick
shot, roll-in from very close range:
nger-
roll
shot that misses everything including rim
and backboard:
*air ball
slamming the ball through the hoop:
dunk,
slam-dunk
two-on-one defensive strategy:
double team
violation in which player hits opponents
*hack
violation, o
ensive player standing too
long in free throw lane:
three-second
violation
violation:
foul
violation, dribbling:
double-dribble, travel-
ing, *walking
violation, running into a stationary oppo-
nent while dribbling:
charging, o
sive foul
violation in which ball is turned over in
dribblers hand:
palming
bastard
1. \n\n\t\t \r\n *love child,
misbegot. 2.  \t\n jerk, son of a bitch,
cad, rascal.
bastardize
debase, de
le, degrade, adulterate,
corrupt, ruin, spoil.
baste
Z9241i_B.indd 63
5/25/10 12:24:29 PM
batch
lot, bunch, cluster, assortment, group,
pack, aggregate, collection, quantity.
bath
wash, soak, cleansing, ablution, rinse,
sponge bath, tub, shower, wash-up, steep,
sauna.
bathe
wash, soak, cleanse, clean, rinse, sponge
, freshen up, scrub, douche, lave, shower,
steep.
bathing
suit n.
swimming trunks, shorts, swim-
suit, bikini, *cuto
s, T-strap, maillot, *jams,
one-piece, leotard, string bikini.
bathos
sentimentality, tr
iteness, insipidness,
mush, *schmaltz, mawkishness, melodrama,
bleeding heart, wishy-washyness.
bathroom
arm of land connecting two land masses:
isthmus, tombolo
channel, small:
cross-current swimming hazard:
riptide
debris, cargo washed ashore from lost
Z9241i_B.indd 64
5/25/10 12:24:29 PM
beam
1.   emit, 
ash, broadcast.
2. \t glow, shine, glisten. 3. \n\t
\f \n grin, take on a cheerful glow, radi-
ate. \t\t \n\t
bear
1. \f  ursus, grizzly, mammal, brown
bear, black bear, polar bear. 2. \t
Z9241i_B.indd 65
5/25/10 12:24:30 PM
becloud
confuse, muddle, obfuscate, darken,
veil, obscure, shroud, mask, bewilder, make
unclear.
. clear up, clarify.
becoming
1. \f\n\t appropriate, prop-
er, 
tting, be
tting, seemly, comme il faut,
right, correct. 2.  \b\t comely, 
at-
Z9241i_B.indd 66
5/25/10 12:24:30 PM
behavior modi
cation
therapy, retraining,
psychotherapy, conditioning, reinforcement,
reward system, aversion therapy, change,
desensitization.
behead
decapitate, decollate, guillotine, execute.
BEHEMOTH
[bi HEE muth] anything gi-
gantic.
We saw whales and other behemoths
of the sea.
. giant, monster, colossus,
mammoth, leviathan, titan, Goliath, whale,
hippopotamus.
behest
order, command, bidding, request,
word, edict, demand, urging, decree, say-so,
desire.
behind
buttocks, backside, *ass, rump, *tush,
bottom, stern.
behind
adv.
back, in back of, rearward, trail-
ing, a
behold
look at, regard, observe, notice, view,
watch, *feast your eyes on, consider, scruti-
nize, examine, gaze upon.
. ignore, over-
look, disregard.
beholden
obligated, indebted, owing.
.
freed, unbound.
behoove
bene
t, be
t, be worthwhile, suit, be
incumbent upon.
being
1. \t creature, organism, person,
soul, spirit. 2. \t\t\t reality, life.
. 2.
nonexistence.
belabor
dwell on, go on about, *beat a dead
horse, pound, hammer home, rehash, re-
peat, overwork.
belated
tardy, overdue, late, delayed, past due.
. timely, prompt.
belch
1. \f  eruct. 2. \t spew, discharge,
spout, erupt, disgorge, expel.
BELEAGUER
[be LEE gur] to besiege or ha-
He will beleaguer her until she 
nally
gives in.
believer
adherent, devotee, follower, apostle,
disciple, zealot.
belittle
disparage, depreciate, put down, di-
minish, degrade, deride, malign, *take down
a peg, *knock, discredit.
. build up, ag-
grandize, put on a pedestal.
bell
campana, carillon, chimes, dinger. 
publicity of God.Ž„R.L. Bruckberger. 
music bordering nearest heaven.Ž„Charles
Lamb.
clapper:
tongue
ring by striking with hammer:
chime
ringer:
sexton
sound:
clang, dong, ting, tinkle, tintinnabula-
tion, ring, knell, peal, toll, reverberation
tower:
belfry
BELLICOSE
[BEL i KOSE] belligerent, quar-
relsome, warlike.
He was eager to 
ght; he
was a notoriously bellicose man.
. bellig-
erent, quarrelsome, warlike, hostile, pugna-
cious, aggressive, combative, volatile, con-
tentious, peppery.
. peaceful, passive.
BELLIGERENT
[buh LIJ ur unt] quarrel-
some, hostile, quick to 
ght.
Belligerent in-
ner city gangs started the riot
. . belli-
cose, pugnacious, quarrelsome, militant,
war-mongering, warlike, hostile, aggressive,
combative, volatile, contentious, peppery.
. peaceful, passive, paci
bellow
roar, shout, holler, thunder, squall,
boom, bark, bawl, howl, bluster.
Z9241i_B.indd 67
5/25/10 12:24:30 PM
belt
band, sash, girdle, strap, cord, thong,
cinch, cummerbund.
belt
hit, smack, wallop, thrash, beat, whip. \t\t
\f\t
bemoan
grieve, lament, mourn, bewail, de-
plore, rue, cry over.
bemuse
confuse, puzzle, bewilder, befuddle,
disconcert, addle, confound, daze, mix up,
muddle, stupefy.
bench
1. \t settee, pew, bleacher. 2.  
judiciary, bar, tribunal.
BENCHMARK
[BENCH mark] that which
becomes a standard to measure against.
eir new computer quickly became the
benchmark for the industry.
. standard,
model, gauge, measure, yardstick, bellweth-
er, touchstone, exemplar, high water mark.
bend
1.  \b\t crook, twist, arc, 
ex, bow,
curl, coil, snake. 2. \b\t  yield, acquiesce,
*cave in, bow down, capitulate, surrender.
beneath
prep.
under, below, underneath.
BENEDICT ARNOLD
any traitorous per-
son, so named a
er the famous American
Revolution general.
He became a Benedict
Arnold, switching sides at the last minute.
BENIGN
[bi NINE] 1. kindly 2. advanta-
geous 3. harmless.
1. Uncle Harrys bark is
worse than his bite; hes really quite benign.
e weather turned out to be rather be-
nign for the tournament. 3. Johns tumor was
found to be benign.
. 1. kindly, benevo-
Z9241i_B.indd 68
5/25/10 12:24:31 PM
raspberry-like:
boysenberry, blackberry,
mulberry
red:
boysenberry
red and sweet:
strawberry
red, tart:
cranberry, currant
tart, black:
currant
berserk
deranged, violent, crazed, mad,
amuck, insane, maniacal, frenzied, murder-
ous.
. serene, calm, rational.
beseech
implore, plead, beg, solicit, pray, en-
treat, urge, press, supplicate.
beset
plague, harass, hound, torment, badger,
bother, surround, *bug, hassle, besiege, vic-
timize, vex, beleaguer.
beside
prep.
next to, close to, adjacent to, along-
side, abreast of, bordering, by.
besides
adv.
in addition, as well, moreover, plus,
also.
besiege
1.   hem in, encircle, en-
close, close in on, crowd, lay siege to. 2. \r-
 beleaguer, badger, plague, torment, be-
horseracing bet choosing 
rst and second
nishers, not necessarily in cor-
rect order:
quiniela
horseracing bet choosing 
rst and second
perfecta
horseracing bet choosing 
rst, second,
and third-place 
trifecta
horseracing bet choosing winners in two
races:
daily double
horseracing bet in which winnings are
shared:
pari-mutuel
bête noire
enemy, trouble, *bad news, adver-
sary, devil, black beast, antagonist, Typhoid
Mary, Mary Mallon, plague, curse, bane.
betray
1. \f \t \r turn traitor, deceive,
*pull a Judas, sell out, stab in the back, *sell
down the river, *two-time, *double-cross,
nk, *rat on. 2. \t\b\t\n give away, show, dis-
close, tell on, unmask, divulge, expose.
.
1. be loyal, be faithful. 2. hide, cover up.
betrayal
treachery, disloyalty, breech of faith,
double-crossing, duplicity, treason, *Judas
kiss, per
dy.
. faithfulness, loyalty.
betrayer
traitor, Judas, conspirator.
betrothal
engagement, vow, pledge to marry.
better
improve, enrich, advance, promote,
upgrade.
better
ner, superior, surpassing, topping,
rst-rate, preeminent, peerless, supreme,
excelling.
. worse, inferior, lower.
betterment
improvement, enrichment, ad-
vancement, promotion, upgrading.
between
prep.
amidst, among, within, in the
thick, intermediate.
beverage
drink, refreshment, pop, liquid, ale,
cooler, liquor, dra
bevy
group, 
ock, bunch, band, knot, gaggle,
covey, pack, crowd, clique, party, throng.
bewail
bemoan, lament, mourn, wail, cry, de-
plore, grieve, weep, rue, pine for.
. shriek
with joy, celebrate, rejoice.
beware
be wary, be careful, watch, stay on
guard, heed, be on the lookout, stay on ones
toes.
bewilder
confuse, puzzle, befuddle, con-
found, perplex, mystify, ba"
e, befog, strike
Z9241i_B.indd 69
5/25/10 12:24:31 PM
fascinating, seductive, enticing, hypnotizing,
alluring.
. repulsive, dull.
beyond
prep.
past, yonder, inaccessible, unat-
tainable.
bias
partiality, inclination, preference, preju-
dice, bent, predilection, leaning, proclivity,
erbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wis-
dom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Isaiah,
Jeremiah, Lamentations, Baruch, Ezekiel,
Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jo-
nah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zepha-
niah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
New Testament:
Matthew, Mark, Luke,
John, Acts of the Apostles, Romans, 1
Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians,
Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1
essalonians, 2  essalonians, 1 Tim-
othy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, He-
Z9241i_B.indd 70
5/25/10 12:24:31 PM
shot in which cue is held perpendicularly:
massé
stick:
cue
white ball:
cue ball
billow
swell, surge, undulate, wave, roll, pu
up, balloon.
. 
atten, collapse, de
ate.
bind
x, quandary, predicament, dilemma,
*pickle.
bind
1. \t fasten, secure, wrap, rope, gird,
lash, strap, truss, bundle, join. 2. \f\n\t
require, restrict, con
ne, prescribe, compel,
force.
. 1. untie, unbind, unravel, loose.
binge
spree, bender, 
ing, tear, orgy.
binoculars
eld glasses, magni
cation, mag-
nifying lenses.
biodegrade
degrade, break down, decompose,
disintegrate, dilute.
biography
life story, bio, autobiography,
memoirs, pro
le, life experiences. Dramat-
ic constructions.Ž„Katherine Anthony. A
heroic poem.Ž„
omas Carlyle. A region
bounded on the north by history, on the
south by 
ction, on the east by obituary, and
on the west by tedium,Ž„Philip Guedalla.
\t\t \f
biologist
life scientist, ecologist, cytologist, bio-
Z9241i_B.indd 71
5/25/10 12:24:31 PM
claw:
talon
collar of hair or feathers:
ru
crest on fowl:
comb
domination order:
pecking order
earliest known:
Archaeopteryx
eggs, group of:
clutch
eggs, to sit on:
brood
expert on:
ornithologist
eyelike spot in peacock tail:
ocellus
falcons used as hunters, sport:
falconry
feathers, shedding:
molting
eshy neck component on turkey:
wattle
ying:
itting, darting, soaring, swooping,
banking, diving, spiraling, wheeling,
wheeling in intricate chandelles, rising
on a thermal
grooming:
preening
group of:
ock; bevy (quail), charm (
nches),
chattering (starlings), colony (gulls), con-
vocation (eagles), covey (grouse), exalta-
tion (larks), fall (woodcock), 
ight (doves
or swallows), gaggle (geese), herd (swans),
host (sparrows), murder (crows), mur-
muration (starlings), muster (peacocks),
nye (pheasants), parliament (owls), rook-
ery (sea birds), siege (herons), skein (
ing geese), team (ducks)
migratory route:
yway
mythical:
phoenix, roc
aerie
plumage that is so
and 
down
referring to:
avian
reservation:
sanctuary
second stomach:
gizzard, craw, crop
throat patch:
gorget
wingless:
apterous
young bird:
chick, 
edgling, nestling
birth
1. \r\n\f \r delivery, bearing, par-
turition, labor, childbearing, blessed event,
whelping, emergence. 
e sudden opening
of a window through which you look out
upon a stupendous prospect. ƒŽ „William
Dixon. 2. \t genesis, beginning,
delivery through mothers abdominal
wall:
Caesarian section, C-section
Z9241i_B.indd 72
5/25/10 12:24:32 PM
tive, critical, crabby, negative, *whiny, fussy,
picky, grouchy.
. sweet, kind, warm.
bite
mouthful, morsel, spoonful, chunk,
snack, nosh.
bite
nip, chew, champ, chomp, gnaw, munch,
Z9241i_B.indd 73
5/25/10 12:24:32 PM
cloyed, weary, sated, casual.
. enthusias-
tic, eager.
blasphemous
irreverent, irreligious, sacrile-
gious, impious, profane, disrespectful, un-
godly.
. reverent, religious, pious.
BLASPHEMY
[BLAS fuh mee] any show of
disrespect toward the divine, irreverence.
Cursing God for your misfortune is blasphe-
my.
. irreverence, sacrilege, profanity,
blender
food processor, mixer, chopping ma-
chine, lique
er, labor-saving device, appliance.
bless
hallow, consecrate, sanctify, ordain,
anoint, exalt, glorify, canonize, declare holy.
. curse, damn.
blessed
1.  \t holy, consecrated, re-
deemed, sacrosanct, hallowed, sainted, saved,
beati
ed. 2. \b \t gi
ed, fortunate, lucky.
. 1. unholy, cursed, condemned.
blessing
1.  invocation,
benediction, prayer, grace, dedication. 2.
\b good fortune, luck, godsend, bene
, boon, good.
. 1. curse, condemna-
tion. 2. misfortune, adversity, bad luck.
blight
iction, plague, curse, scourge, in-
iction, pestilence, calamity, bane, curse.
blight
ruin, damage, destroy, a"
ict, devastate,
cripple, kill, wither, frustrate, in
ict.
blimp
airship, dirigible, zeppelin. \t\t \f\n-
\n,   
balloon portion:
helium
ground crew:
riggers
inner airbags in
ated or de
ated as a bal-
last control:
Z9241i_B.indd 74
5/25/10 12:24:32 PM
. cheerful, carefree, sunny, lighthearted,
buoyant, airy, jovial, merry, cheery, glee-
ful, playful.
. miserable, depressed, black,
downhearted
. \t\t \r
attack, onslaught, blitzkrieg, charge,
raid, strike, o
ensive, bombardment.
blizzard
snowstorm, northeaster, blow, gale,
snow squall, blast, whiteout.
bloat
balloon, swell, dilate, billow, in
ate, ex-
pand, pu
. contract, de
ate, shrivel.
blob
mass, daub, glov, lump, globule, ball,
clump.
bloc
alliance, group, a
liation, faction, cabal,
ring, coalition, partnership.
block
1.  chunk, hunk, brick, lump, bar,
cube, square, cake. 2. \f  obstacle,
impediment, bar, snag, stop, barrier, hin-
drance.
block
obstruct, impede, bar, stop, hinder,
close o
, occlude, interfere with, intercept,
stymie, thwart, barricade, arrest, dam.
.
open, free, clear, facilitate.
blockade
barricade, barrier, obstruction, stop,
bar, closure, hindrance, roadblock.
blockhead
idiot, ignoramus, *Charlie Brown,
*chowderhead. \t\t  
blond
golden-haired, 
axen-haired, sandy-
haired, platinum, peroxide-blond, *tow-
headed, strawberry-blond. \t\t \r
blood
1. \n\t-\n hemoglobin, gore, plas-
ma. A very special kind of sap.Ž„Johann
Z9241i_B.indd 75
5/25/10 12:24:33 PM
1. \n\t deceive, delude, *bamboozle,
dupe, fake, *bullshit, shuck and jive.
frank, blunt, rough, coarse, gru
straightforward, abrupt.
. subtle, round-
about, mealy-mouthed.
blunder
mistake, *goof, fumble, *boo-boo,
*mu
, ga
e, *
ubup.
blunder
*goof, fumble, botch, *mu
, *
ub,
*drop the ball, err, *screw up, bungle, mis-
step, miscalculate.
blunt
make dull, deaden, 
atten, so
blunt
1. \n\n rounded, unpointed. 2.  
candid, upfront, plainspoken, point-blank,
straightforward, abrupt, brusque, gru
, curt,
terse, direct, blu
. 1. sharp, pointed. 2.
so\t
-pedaling, mealy-mouthed, subtle, gentle,
euphemistic.
stain, blot, haze, blotch, smear.
1. \t smear, stain, splotch. 2. 
cloud, obfuscate, obscure, shadow, veil,
shroud.
. 2. clarify, sharpen, de
ne.
blurt
air-propelled:
airboat
double-hulled sailboat:
catamaran
emergency vessel:
lifeboat
shing:
trawler, dragger, longliner, dogger,
smack, whaler, sport
sherman
at-bottomed carrier:
barge, scow
at-bottomed, pole-propelled:
punt, ark
at-bottomed vessel used in construction
on water:
pontoon
gondoliers song:
barcarole
house on water:
houseboat
Italian:
Z9241i_B.indd 76
5/25/10 12:24:33 PM
bog
marsh, quag, mire, fen, swamp, quagmire,
slough, morass.
bog down
hydrogen bomb, *physics package, torpedo,
incendiary, blockbuster, warhead, dud, *egg.
\t\t   \t,  , \n\t, \n\t
\f\f,  , \t 2. \n failure, 
asco,
disaster, *turkey, *dog, loser, *washout.
.
2. success, triumph, hit.
15,000-pound bomb:
BLU-82; (daisy cut-
ter)
21,500-pound behomoth, (mother of all
bombs):
MOAB (Massive Ordnance Air
Blast bomb)
antipersonnel mine with fanning frag-
mentation:
claymore mine
boom:
report
caves and tunnels, high pressure bombs
used to 
ush out:
thermobaric bomb
explosive chemical used in bombs:
TNT,
trinitrotoluene, nitroglycerin
Z9241i_B.indd 77
5/25/10 12:24:33 PM
hard to make an impression; his speech was
wordy and bombastic.
. pompous, high-
sounding, grandiloquent, grandiose, 
aunt-
bomber
terrorist, revolutionary, demolition
expert, bombardier, subversive, radical, ar-
sonist, extortionist.
bona 
de
genuine, authentic, legitimate, real.
. counterfeit.
bonanza
windfall, gold mine, *cash cow, trea-
sure trove, rich vein.
bond
1. \n\n\t\t tie, relationship, loyal-
ty, connection, attachment, a
nity. 2.  -
\t\t warranty, contract, security, pledge,
covenant, agreement.
bond
attach, tie, bind, connect, fasten, stick,
join, fuse, weld.
bondage
servitude, slavery, serfdom, sub-
jection, subjugation, enslavement, captiv-
ity, bonds, shackles.
. freedom, liberty,
emancipation.
bonds
Z9241i_B.indd 78
5/25/10 12:24:34 PM
bookish
studious, academic, scholarly,
well-read, introverted, book-loving, owl-
ish, learned, intellectual, pedantic, *book-
wormish.
. illiterate, oa
sh.
bookkeeping
record-keeping, accounting,
auditing, entering.
booklet
drop. 2. decrease, lower. 3. undermine, dis-
parage, knock.
booster shot
\t\t !
boot
shoe, overshoe, footwear, clodhopper,
*boondockers, *stompers. \t\t \r\t
ankle-high boot worn horseback-riding:
jodhpur
Eskimo boot made from hide:
mukluk
hiking boot with ridged sole:
wa"
estomper
leather, above the knee in front, below the
knee in back:
Wellington
military:
combat boot, jackboot
old-fashioned womans boot laced up the
front:
granny
rubber/waterproof:
tooled leather, square or pointed toes:
cowboy boot
wading boot:
hip boot, wader
western tooled leather:
cowboy boot
white, calf-high, worn with mini skirt in
go-go boot
work shoe, heavy:
brogan
booth
stall, stand, kiosk, shed, enclosure, cu-
bicle, compartment.
bootlegger
runner, *rum runner, smug-
bookish - bore
Z9241i_B.indd 79
5/25/10 12:24:34 PM
2.  \t weary, put to sleep, fatigue, tax, cloy,
annoy.
. 2. excite, stimulate.
boredom
tedium, ennui, monotony, apa-
thy, dullness, doldrums, jadedness, indif-
ference, weariness, humdrum, 
atness.
What happens when we lose contact with
the universe.Ž„John Ciardi.
. excite-
ment, stimulation.
boring
tedious, tiresome, *dull as dishwater,
*dull as paint drying, sopori
c, somnolent,
wearisome, dull, monotonous, humdrum,
unstimulating, uninteresting, prosaic, mun-
dane, *ho-hum, stale, routine.
. exciting,
stimulating.
born
delivered, brought into the world, brought
into existence, cast, hatched, created.
born
inherent, natural, innate.
. learned,
acquired.
born-again
reborn, renewed, restored, con-
verted, saved.
. damned.
borough
town, community, municipality,
burg, township, village, quarter.
borrow
1. \t \t  \n use, take a
loan, obtain, scrounge, *mooch, *hit up,
*bum, *sponge. 2.   \t 
\t appropriate, imitate, steal, plagiarize,
copy, pirate, use.
. 1. lend, give, return. 2.
originate, invent.
bosom
1. \f \t chest, bust. 2. \r\t  emo-
tions, soul, spirit, core, depths, inside.
boss
leader, chief, head, master, headmaster,
supervisor, foreman, superintendent, over-
seer, CEO (chief executive o
cer), task-
master, *head honcho, *big cheese, *whip,
employer, director, executive, manager, ad-
ministrator, lord and master, *big enchi-
lada, *chief cook and bottle washer, gover-
nor, mayor, vice president, president, prince,
princess, king, queen, drill sergeant, sarge,
commander, captain, general, 
rst in com-
mand, dean, chancellor, godfather, highest
authority, ruler, despot, dictator, tyrant, bul-
ly, dominator, dominatrix, *pit bull, *alpha
male, slave-driver, fault
nder, nag, *biggest
toad in the puddle. [One who] exists to
make sensible exceptions to general rules.Ž„
Elting Morrison.
. employee, subordinate,
underling
. \t\t  , $\f
boss
command, control, direct, manage, ad-
ministrate, supervise, lead, run, press, lord
over, domineer, dictate, throw ones weight
around, tyrannize.
. submit, follow, jump
on command.
bossy
domineering, dictatorial, tyrannical,
pushy, commanding, authoritarian, iron-
handed, high-handed, strict, controlling,
overpowering, bitchy, despotic, imperious.
. subordinate, subservient, servile.
botch
bungle, *screw up, spoil, ruin, *goof,
mu
, foul up, fumble, 
ub, louse up.
bother
nnoyance, irritation, burden, trou-
ble, aggravation, inconvenience, pother,
*pain, *headache, *pain in the ass, di
cul-
ty, nuisance.
bother
1.  harass, trouble, pester, dis-
turb, irritate, agitate, burden, vex, aggravate,
distress, put out, irk, harry. 2. \t \r\t
 \f\n\t inconvenience oneself, take pains,
*go out of ones way, worry about.
bothersome
annoying, troublesome, irk-
some, disturbing, aggravating, burdensome,
inconvenient, di
cult, vexatious, irritating.
. welcome, agreeable, desirable.
bottle
container, decanter, jug, glass, vessel,
vial, carafe, 
ask, 
agon, jar, phial.
bottleneck
obstacle, blockage, jam, hin-
drance, snag, congestion, obstruction, *tight
squeeze, barrier, clog, impediment.
bottom
1. \f\t foundation, bed, seat, footing,
oor, ground, nadir. 2.  basis, core, es-
sence, gist, source, origin. 3. \t buttocks,
*fanny, butt, rump, seat, derriere, *tush,
*buns, *stern.
bottomless
unfathomable, immeasureable,
abysmal, in
nite, limitless, vast.
. 
nite.
botulism
food poisoning, contamination, ill-
boudoir
sitting room, dressing room, bed-
room, private room.
bough
limb, branch.
bouillon
broth, 
avoring, soup base, stock,
consommé.
boulder
rock, rock mass, stone, glacial erratic.
boulevard
avenue, parkway, concourse. \t\t
 \t\t
bounce
1.   \f rebound, bob, bound,
boredom - bound
Z9241i_B.indd 80
5/25/10 12:24:34 PM
boundary
border, borderline, line, frontier,
verge, periphery, edge, rim, margin, brink,
hem, limit, con
nes, outer limit, bounds,
body movement of bowler a
er shot:
body
English
bowler:
kegler
central pin:
kingpin, headpin
curving shot:
hook
gutter, in the:
gutter ball
knock down ten with one shot:
strike, mark
knock down ten with two shots:
spare, mark
one game:
string
boundary - boxing
Z9241i_B.indd 81
5/25/10 12:24:34 PM
wait of eight seconds a
er knockdown:
mandatory eight-count, standing eight-
count
weight and measurements of opponents:
tale of the tape
weight division, lightest to heaviest:
weight, bantamweight, featherweight,
lightweight, welterweight, middle-
weight, light heavyweight, heavyweight,
cruiserweight
win by injuring, disabling opponent:
knock-
out, technical knockout, TKO
win by points:
decision
win not agreed on by all o
split de-
cision
boy
lad, youth, youngster, sprig, junior,
sprout, *little shaver, *nipper. One who has
a wolf in his stomach.Ž„German proverb.
Of all the wild beasts, the most unmanage-
able.Ž„Plato.
BOYCOTT
[BOY kot] to refuse, usually as a
group, to buy a product or deal with a per-
son or company, as a protest against some
action.
ey agreed to boycott the tuna com-
ing cap, *bean, encephalon, *noodle, *upper
story. An apparatus with which we think
that we think.Ž„Ambrose Bierce. An in-
vention of the universe in order to study it-
self.Ž„Anon.
.
1. idiot, moron, imbecile.
\t\t \t\n\n\t\t, \r\r
abnormally small brain:
microencephalon
almond-shaped portion of limbic system
processing fear and aggression:
amyg-
ancient portion, regulates hunger, thirst,
ghting, sex:
limbic system, reptilian
brain
base, regulates breathing and circulation:
medulla oblongata
body temperature and blood pressure reg-
ulator:
hypothalamus
brain damage losses, conditions:
ia (comprehension of written word),
amusia (musical processing), anomia
(name recollection), aphasia (speech
articulation), apraxia (muscle coordi-
nation), asemia (speech comprehen-
sion), dysphasia (speaking), neglect
(perception of one side of ones envi-
ronment), prosopagnosia (facial recog-
nition), stereoanesthesia (identi
cation
through touch), synesthesia (confusion
of senses).
breathing center at top of spinal cord:
brain
circadian rhythm center in hypothalamus:
suprachiasmatic nucleus
cle
or groove:
sulcus
connector of right and le
hemispheres:
corpus callosum
darker portions, containing high concen-
trations of neurons:
gray matter
egg-shaped patch controlling speech mus-
cles:
Brocas area
enlargement of skull due to abnormal 
id build-up:
hydrocephalus
exam of brain waves:
electroenchephalo-
gram (EEG).
lter system that blocks harmful substances
from entering brain:
blood-brain barrier
fold:
convolution, gyrus
front or forehead portion, center of rea-
soning, judgement, planning:
frontal
lobes
heat, cold, pain, pressure sensor:
thalamus
ammation:
encephalitis, meningitis
le
or right side:
hemisphere
boy - brain
Z9241i_B.indd 82
5/25/10 12:24:35 PM
modern, recently evolved outer layer in-
volved in conscious thought and lan-
neocortex
muscular coordinator in back of skull:
cer-
ebellum
nerve cell:
neuron
outer brain area controlling perception,
reasoning, memory:
cerebrum
outer layer:
cortex, dura mater
recorder of electr
ical activity of:
electroen-
cephalograph
relay station at top of brain stem:
thalamus
seahorse-shaped portion forming and
storing memory:
hippocampus
sections in cerebrum, one of 
ve distinct:
lobe
seizure disease caused by electrical distur-
bances:
epilepsy
sleeps during anesthesia, center of atten-
tion:
reticular formation
sound processor in the temporal lobe:
pri-
mary auditory cortex
superhuman right-brain functioning:
ot savant syndrome
swelling and unconsciousness due to blow:
concussion
top-most portion made of heavily folded
gray matter, involved in consciousness
and reasoning:
cerebral cortex
visual and reading processor at the back:
occipital lobe
white tissue comprised of axions insulated
with myelin:
white matter
brainstorm
problem-solve, *put heads to-
Z9241i_B.indd 83
5/25/10 12:24:35 PM
breach
1. \t hole, break, crack, 
sure, gap, cle
. 2. \b\n nonobservance,
transgression, infringement, noncompliance,
infraction, contravention. 3. \n\t
split, separation, falling-out, schism, friction,
estrangement, parting of the ways.
breadth
1. \r broadness, span. 2. \t
extent, scope, span, area.
breadwinner
wage earner, *one who brings
home the bacon, *clockpuncher, income
producer.
break
1.   \t crack, rupture, tear, split,
ssure, collapse, ri
, breach, rent. 2. \t
breed
1. \t \t procreate, propagate,
Z9241i_B.indd 84
5/25/10 12:24:35 PM
support:
pier, pile, abutment
bridge
span, cross, traverse, connect, link, join,
unite.
bridle
restraint, rein, halter, bit, leash, har-
ness, muzzle, check, curb.
bridle
restrain, check, hold back, curb, har-
ness, arrest, inhibit, muzzle.
brief
summary, synopsis, condensation, out-
bridge - broken-hearted
Z9241i_B.indd 85
5/25/10 12:24:36 PM
inconsolable, desolate, crushed.
. eu-
phoric, elated, joyous.
broker
agent, dealer, intermediary, negotia-
Z9241i_B.indd 86
5/25/10 12:24:36 PM
con
rmation of your suspicions.Ž„A.A.
Latimer. \t\t \t, \f
monstrous ornament:
gargoyle, grotesque
nonopening window:
deadlight
outside corner:
quoin
roo
op safety wall:
parapet
round, domed:
rotunda
ike projection:
cornice
support:
joist, beam, girder, pier, buttress,
ying buttress
window design, arrangement:
fenestration
wing:
annex, ell, bay
bulge
bump, swelling, protuberance, lump,
hump, prominence, outgrowth.
. hol-
low, hole.
bulge
swell, protrude, distend, pu
, balloon,
stick out.
. contract, shrivel.
bulimia
eating disorder, bulimarexia, bulimia
nervosa, compulsive eating. \t\t  \t
bulk
1. !\t mass, volume, amount, magni-
tude, body, extent. 2. \f\t   main,
majority, most, lions share, preponderance,
better part.
bulky
massive, unwieldy, cumbersome, huge,
ponderous, prodigious, mammoth, sizable,
unmanageable, hulking, voluminous.
.
small, wieldy, manageable, pocket-sized.
bull
1. \n Taurus, bullock, male, steer,
ox. 2.
.  \r *bilge, *blarney, *balo-
ney, bushwa, *BS, *hogwash, lies, bunk, *ho-
kum, *horsefeathers, *malarkey, *rot, *rub-
bish, nonsense.
bull
charge, drive, thrust, press, bulldoze,
*muscle.
bulldozer
earthmover, grader, plow, heavy
machinery.
bullet
shot, ball, shell, cartridge, trajectile, slug,
Z9241i_B.indd 87
5/25/10 12:24:36 PM
bulletin
report, 
ash, statement, announce-
ment, noti
cation, communication, dispatch,
publication.
bull
ght
corrida, spectacle.
assistant on horseback, lances bulls neck:
picador
assisting team:
cuadrilla
barbed dart:
banderilla
cheer:
olé
ghter:
matador, torero
matadors emergency shelter:
burladero
picadors lance:
pic
red cape waved:
capa
wave of red cloth:
capeador
bullheaded
headstrong, stubborn, mulish, ob-
stinate.
. compromising, yielding, irresolute.
bullion
ingot, bar, plate; gold, silver.
bullish
optimistic, con
dent, believing, hope-
ful, sure, assured, steady, un
inching, cock-
sure, rising, gowing, escalating, climbing,
ascending, surging, increasing, gaining, in-
ating, trending upward.
. bearish, pes-
simistic, falling.
bully
tyrant, thug, tormentor, terrorizer,
bruiser, ru
an, rowdy, *browbeater, *dink,
swaggerer, oppressor, aggressor, intimidator,
*human T-Rex, dictator, *biggest toad in the
puddle. \t\t \f
bully
domineer, tyrannize, torment, *lord
over, threaten, oppress, dictate, *call the
shots, intimidate, hector, browbeat.
bulwark
forti
cation, rampart, earthwork,
bank, wall, reinforcement, barrier, defense,
stronghold, bastion, protection.
bum
loafer, idler, derelict, panhandler, drunk,
hobo, vagrant, neer-do-well, beggar, tramp,
transient.
bumbling
blundering, stumbling, bungling,
clumsy, uncoordinated.
. coordinated,
ordered, graceful.
bummer
Sl.
*downer, bad experience, disap-
pointment, disaster, *pain in the ass, misfor-
tune, *drag.
bump
1. \n\n crash, thud, thump,
scrape, tap, jolt, blow, jostle, knock, side-
swiping, *fenderbender, impact, crack,
nudge. 2. \t\n\n lump, bulge, welt, knob,
gnarl, nodule, protuberance, dent, *ding.
bump
1. \r thump, collide with, run into,
butt, scrape, tap, jar, bang, graze, sideswipe,
jostle, smash into, bang. 2. \n\t depose,
replace, remove, dislodge.
bumpkin
hick, *hayseed, yokel, rustic, *goat-
roper, clodhopper, yahoo, *cider squeezer,
farmer.
bumptious
arrogant, conceited, pushy, for-
ward, overbearing, cocky, haughty, presump-
tuous.
. bashful, di
dent, retiring.
bumpy
rough, jolting, lumpy, jerky, jarring,
rugged, *washboard, corrugated, *spine-shat-
tering, *kidney-crushing, choppy, *chuck-
holed, *potholed.
. smooth, silky, graded.
bunch
group, cluster, collection, lot, mass,
clump, quantity, assortment, bundle, host,
multitude, heap, batch, throng, swarm,
number, galaxy, *mess, *oodles.
bundle
1.  bunch, lot, cluster, heap,
group, pile, batch, collection. 2. \t
Z9241i_B.indd 88
5/25/10 12:24:36 PM
ministration, civil service, o
cialdom, *the
Establishment, *powers that be, city hall,
the system, the authorities, *Big Brother. A
giant mechanism operated by pygmies.Ž„
Honore de Balzac. 
e anonymous they,
the enigmatic they who are in charge.Ž„Jo-
seph Heller.
bureaucrat
government o
cial, civil servant,
administrator, politician, clerk, public ser-
vant, pencil-pusher, *desk-jockey, *red tape
dispenser.
BURGEON
[BUR jun] grow, proliferate.
cit is burgeoning out of control.
. grow,
proliferate, 
ourish, develop, sprout, thrive,
mushroom, bud, spread, multiply, expand.
. dwindle, diminish.
burglar
thief, cat burglar, crook, mugger,
prowler, *picklock, robber, housebreaker.
burial
interment, inhumation, funeral, entomb-
ment, last rites, *deep six. \t\t \t\t\t 
burlesque
parody, satire, caricature, farce,
lampoon, travesty, *send-up, spoof, vaude-
ville, comedy, *schtick, skits, striptease.
burly
big, heavy, muscular, strong, beefy,
brawny, stout, he
y, hulking, rugged, thick-
Z9241i_B.indd 89
5/25/10 12:24:37 PM
butcher
1. \n\r\t dress, clean, cure, pack,
smoke. 2. \n\n slaughter, murder, massa-
cre, slay. 3. \f\n\t botch, make a mess of,
*screw up, ruin.
butler
servant, *help, food server, sta
butt/buttocks
bottom, seat, rump, *tush, *ass,
derriere, *fanny, *stern, backside, gluteus
maximus.
butt
Z9241i_B.indd 90
5/25/10 12:24:37 PM
cab
Z9241i_C.indd 91
5/25/10 12:24:40 PM
calculating
shrewd, scheming, cra
y, de-
signing, manipulative, plotting, artful, wily,
sharp.
. artless, naive.
calculation
computation, 
guring, counting,
reckoning, summation, evaluation, estima-
calumny
slander, defamation, malicious state-
ment, libel, smear, mud-slinging, smirch,
false accusation, aspersion, slur.
. praise,
compliment, acclaim.
CAMARADERIE
[kah muh RAH duh ree]
friendliness and rapport.
e camaraderie
between the teams players was obvious.
fellowship, rapport, friendliness, compan-
ionship, bonhomie, brotherhood, friendship,
comradeship, conviviality, esprit de corps,
fraternization, loyalty, *buddy-buddy atmo-
sphere.
. hostility, antagonism, coldness.
\t  \b\t\n
camcorder
Z9241i_C.indd 92
5/25/10 12:24:40 PM
camper
recreational vehicle, RV, *tin can,
mobile home, *Winnebago.
campus
grounds, yard, quad, dorm, alma ma-
ter. \t \t, \r, \b \t\f
campy
ected, e
eminate, arti
cial, ostenta-
tious, garish, posturing, 
aunting, outland-
ish, theatrical, *faggy.
. straight-laced,
understated, serious.
can
container, receptacle, vessel, tin.
canal
waterway, conduit, channel, race, aque-
duct, passage, trench, culvert, duct, tube.
cancel
1.   stop, revoke, *kill, break
, void, annul, discontinue, rescind, coun-
termand, abort. 2. \t counter, neutral-
ize, counterbalance, make up for, nullify.
cancer
carcinoma, tumor, malignancy, sarco-
ma, malignant neoplasm, growth. \t \n -
\b, \t\t
blood/marrow:
leukemia
breast removal:
mastectomy
cause, substance:
carcinogen
deadly form:
malignant
harmless form:
benign
tumor, neoplasm, growth
medical branch:
oncology
removable:
resectable
skin:
melanoma, basal cell tumor
spread of:
plain-speaking.
. deception, indirectness,
duplicity, *doublespeak.
candy
Z9241i_C.indd 93
5/25/10 12:24:40 PM
canon
law, decree, doctrine, principle, dog-
ma, edict, statute. \t 
canopy
awning, cover, sunshade, baldachin,
tilt, tarp.
cant
Z9241i_C.indd 94
5/25/10 12:24:41 PM
caravan
train, cavalcade, procession, compa-
ny, motorcade, column.
carbuncle
boil, infection, furuncle, canker,
sore.
carcass
corpse, cadaver, body, remains, car-
rion, *roadkill, *dead meat.
carcinogen
cancer-causing agent, cancer-
causing substance, tumor-forming agent,
mutagen, toxin, health hazard, poison, killer,
deadly chemical.
CARCINOGENIC
[kar sin uh JEN ik] per-
taining to any substance or source that
causes cancer.
Radiation is highly carcino-
genic.
\t\f\b. cancer-causing, tumor-forming,
mutagenic, malignant, deadly, unhealthy,
hazardous, toxic, pernicious.
. benign,
harmless, healthy.
cardiac arrest
heart failure, heart attack,
heart stoppage, coronary thrombosis, myo-
cardial infarction.
cardinal
principal, main, chief, utmost, cen-
tral, prime, foremost, fundamental.
. in-
signi
cant, unimportant.
cards
playing cards, tarot cards. 
e Devils
books.Ž„English proverb.
authority:
Hoyle
card pile remaining a
er deal:
talon, stock
card with value determined before game:
wild card
cheat:
sharper, card shark, blackleg
bridge, baccarat, monte, whist, black-
jack, crazy eights, concentration, war,
three-card monte, old maid, poker, pi-
nochle, canasta, solitaire, gin, rummy,
gin rummy, hearts, cribbage, slapjack,
casino, euchre
jack, queen, or king:
face card
outranking suit, card:
trump card
same suit group:
tie-breaking game:
rubber match
care
1.  \b\t\t caution, regard, consid-
eration, thought, diligence, pains, prudence,
conscientiousness, mindfulness, exactitude,
Z9241i_C.indd 95
5/25/10 12:24:41 PM
lascivious, prurient, erotic, wanton.
.
spiritual, moral, godly.
carnival
festival, fair, gala, celebration, jam-
boree, 
esta, jubilee, Mardi Gras, *carny.
carnivore
meat-eater, 
esh-eater, predator,
carrion-feeder.
carnivorous
esh-eating, meat-eating, preda-
tory.
. herbivorous.
carol
melody, tune. \t \t\b\r
carom
Z9241i_C.indd 96
5/25/10 12:24:41 PM
lights:
rushlights
main inner tower, keep:
donjon
mass of earth:
bastion, rampart
mobile tower used by attackers to reach
castle defenders:
belfry
notched parapet:
battlement
notches, solid area between:
merlon
notch in parapet:
crenel
outer wall ringing castle:
curtain wall
owner:
lord
privy:
garderobe
roof wall:
parapet
seating platform of lord:
dais
siege engine used against:
catapult, man-
Z9241i_C.indd 97
5/25/10 12:24:42 PM
Turkish Angora, Turkish Van. A pygmy
lion.Ž„Oliver Herford.
black and white:
piebald
blue gray to slate gray coloring:
blue
bred from long line of its own kind:
pure-
bred
breeding female:
queen
castrated male:
gib
domesticated cat living in the wild:
feral
father:
sire
frill around head in long-haired breed:
ru
hairball:
intoxicant:
catnip
kneadingŽ of paws on humans stomach:
milk treading
long-bodied, long-limbed:
rangy
lover of:
ailurophile
mating cry:
caterwaul
mixed breed:
mongrel, moggie
mother:
dam
neutering of female:
spaying
newborn kitten group:
litter
Z9241i_C.indd 98
5/25/10 12:24:42 PM
cathedral
basilica, chapel. \t  
CATHOLIC
[KATH uh lik] universal, gen-
eral.
His tastes were catholic; in other words,
his tastes were broad.
\t\f\b. universal, general,
broad, all-inclusive, comprehensive, liberal,
all-encompassing, ec
umenical, global.
.
limited, narrow, sectarian.
CAT scan
computerized axial tomography
scan, image, cross-sectional view, body scan,
brain scan, diagnostic procedure.
cattle
livestock, cows, bulls, steers, farm ani-
mals, ruminants, herbivores, herd.
catty
malicious, spiteful, mean, vicious, nas-
ty, malevolent, back-biting, back-stabbing,
*bitchy, malignant, venomous.
. kind,
warm, friendly.
catwalk
walkway, platform, bridge.
Caucasian
Caucasoid, Indo-European, white
race, white man, white woman.
caucus
*word to the wise, advisory.
. 1. rashness,
recklessness.
caution
warn, admonish, advise, alert, fore-
warn, *raise a red 
Z9241i_C.indd 99
5/25/10 12:24:42 PM
tiny, thin stalactite:
soda straw
underwater passage:
sump, syphon
vertical sha
chimney, pitch
CAVEAT
[KAV ee at] warning.
e accoun-
tant gave us a strong caveat about 
ling our
taxes accurately.
\t\f\b. warning, caution, no-
tice, forewarning, admonition, advisory, ad-
visement, *word to the wise.
cave-in
collapse, toppling, breakdown, rup-
ture, burst, avalanche, landslide.
caveman
cavewoman, primitive human, Stone
Age man, prehistoric man, cave dweller, hu-
man, hominid, Cro-Magnon man, Nean-
derthal, troglodyte, anthropoid, hominoid,
Homo Erectus, *missing link. \t \b
earliest to latest pre-human:
Ardipithecus
ramidus, Australopithecus anamen-
sis, Australopithecus afarensis, Aus-
tralopithecus africanus, Australopithe-
cus robustus, Australopithecus boi-
sei, Homo rudolfensis, Homo habilis,
Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo
heidelbergensis, Archaic Homo sapiens,
Homo neanderthalensis, Cro-Magnon,
Homo sapiens
*whoop it up, *raise the roof, *go out on the
town, *go out with a bang, *have a blowout,
splurge, revel, carouse, *live it up. 3. \n \t
honor, extol, laud, pay homage to, acclaim,
worship, hail, pay tribute to, exalt.
celebrated
famous, renowned, eminent,
prominent, noted, illustrious, acclaimed,
popular, lionized, great.
. obscure, little-
known, unknown.
celebration
1.  \b observance,
ceremony, honoring, memorial, remem-
brance, anniversary. 2. \n \f *blowout, 
esta, gala, jubilee, *bas
h, *wingding, festival,
spree, frolic, *blast, *rumpus, revelry.
celebrity
1. \t \n \t\b star, super-
star, *somebody, *bigwig, notable, idol, *ce-
leb, *big name, personage, personality, VIP,
sex symbol. Someone who is known for
being known.Ž„Studs Terkel. A person
who works hard all his life to become well
known, then wears dark glasses to avoid be-
ing recognized.Ž„Fred Allen. 2.  re-
Z9241i_C.indd 100
5/25/10 12:24:43 PM
burial place, vault:
tomb
burial site, unit:
plot
empty tomb, marker for one whose re-
mains are elsewhere:
cenotaph
grave robber:
ghoul
ghters, American West:
Boot Hill
incinerator:
crematory
inscription on gravestone:
epitaph
Z9241i_C.indd 101
5/25/10 12:24:43 PM
certify
vouch, verify, notarize, attest, assure,
guarantee, validate, accredit, authenticate,
con
rm, depose.
cesarean section
C-section, surgical birth,
surgical delivery, incision.
cessation
stop, termination, ending, stoppage,
president, moderator, chief, master of cer-
emonies.
chalice
Z9241i_C.indd 102
5/25/10 12:24:43 PM
ard. 4. \n\n \b\f shot, try, opening, oc-
casion, turn.
1. \t gamble, *roll the dice, take a
shot, wager, *go out on a limb, *tempt fate,
hazard, speculate, try ones luck. 2. \n\n\b
occur, transpire, come to pass, befall.
fortuitous, accidental, casual, random,
lucky, inadvertent, unplanned.
. planned,
designed, arranged.
chancy
risky, uncertain, *i
y, dicey, specula-
tive, *a roll of the dice, dangerous.
. cer-
tain, guaranteed, assured.
change
1.  \b modi
cation, trans-
Z9241i_C.indd 103
5/25/10 12:24:43 PM
con
dence, *star power, presence, domi-
nance, *it, *pizzazz, sex appeal, power, voice
of authority, poise, *je na sais quoi, an inde-
Z9241i_C.indd 104
5/25/10 12:24:44 PM
cheer
1.   acclamation, shout of
approval, *yay, rah, applause, bravo. 2.
 \b\t\t high spirits, gladness, gay-
ness, happiness, joyful
ness, optimism, jovi-
ality, jubilance, buoyancy. A kind of day-
light in the mind.Ž„Joseph Addison.
.
1. boo, raspberry, hiss. 2. depression, down-
heartedness.
cheerful
lighthearted, happy, joyful, blithe,
buoyant, sunny, optimistic, sanguine, jo-
cund, roseate, gay, carefree, debonair.
.
depressed, gloomy, downhearted, glum.
cheerless
gloomy, glum, depressed, dark,
black, grim, melancholy, funereal, bleak,
dismal, dreary, somber, forlorn, despairing.
. cheerful, sunny, lighthearted.
cheese
pressed curds, American, Swiss, Brie,
Edam, Gouda, Limburger, Jack, Parmesan,
Gruyere, cream, mysost, cottage, cheddar.
Milks leap toward immortality.Ž„Cli
on
Fadiman.
cook, culinary artist, *chief cook and
bottle washer, cuisinier.
chemise
. \t  \t\t, \b\r 
chemistry
natural science, life science, physi-
cal science, biology, science of matter, com-
position, formulation. \t   \f
absorbing of a gas by a solid:
sorption
absorbing of a liquid by a solid:
imbibition
acidic or alkaline, measure of how:
attachment of gas or liquid layer without
absorption:
adsorption
blend of liquids that cannot be naturally
mixed and will separate:
emulsion
catalyst action, increases:
activator
breaking down of substances:
biodegrada-
tion
breaking of chemical bonds:
cleavage
chain of monomers:
polymer
coldest temperature possible:
absolute zero
combine two or more elements to create
new substance:
synthesize
combined with another, substance:
additive
combine with others, measure of the pow-
er within an element to:
valency
compound written out as set of symbols
and numbers:
formula
concentration or volume of a reagent, anal-
ysis to determine:
titration
corrosive compound:
corrupted or stopped chemical reaction:
poisoned
density, increase in:
concentration
chauvinist - chemistry
Z9241i_C.indd 105
5/25/10 12:24:44 PM
usion of molecules of liquid solvent
through semipermeable membrane:
dissolved when immersed in solvent, that
slows catalytic reaction:
anticatalyst
solvent, separation of chemicals by shak-
ing with:
extraction
smallest component of element:
atom
soaking up of gas or liquid:
absorption
solid turns directly into a gas, process by
which:
sublimation
speeding up of chemical reaction:
catalysis
speeds up chemical reaction, substance
that:
catalyst
stability of chemicals:
equilibrium
substance without other components, any
pure:
element
table of elements:
periodic table
temporarily created by a chain reaction and
then consumed, chemical:
intermediate
thinning of mixture:
dilution
Z9241i_C.indd 106
5/25/10 12:24:44 PM
chie
adv.
mainly, principally, primarily, 
rst
and foremost, above all, largely, mostly.
.
lastly.
child
1. \f\b\r\t juvenile, kid, youth, tod-
dler, tyke, nipper, *little shaver, lad, lass, tad-
Z9241i_C.indd 107
5/25/10 12:24:45 PM
gering, persistent, stubborn, unabating, con-
tinual.
. short-term, temporary.
chronicle
history, narrative, accounting, re-
cord, annals, archive, chronology, register,
log, calendar, journal, diary. \t 
chronological
in order, ordered, sequential,
consecutive, successive, serial, dated.
.
random, unorganized, haphazard.
chubby
plump, rotund, portly, pudgy, stout,
eshy, *roly-poly, round, *za
ig, tubby, 
ab-
by, full-
gured, *porky.
. skinny, anorex-
ic, bony.
\t 
chuck
throw, toss, hurl, heave, pitch, 
ing,
discard, *eighty-six, dump, junk, abandon,
confession booth in the Catholic church:
confessional
council of bishops:
synod
cruci
xion sculptures:
Calvary
cup:
chalice
district:
parish
division, di
erence of opinion:
schism
faith/denomination:
(Christian) Roman
Catholic, Protestant, Methodist, Pres-
byterian, Lutheran, Mormon, Episcopa-
lian, Unitarian, Baptist, Eastern Ortho-
dox, Pentecostal, Church of the Naza-
rene, Seventh Day Adventists, Uni
tion Church; Orthodox Judaism; Islam;
Hindu; Buddhist
gallery above side aisle:
triforium
governing body:
classis
grave digger:
sexton
high-ranking clergy:
prelate
house of clergyman:
parsonage, rectory
Italian cathedral:
duomo
Jewish house of worship:
synagogue
jurisdiction of archbishop:
archdiocese
jurisdiction of bishop:
diocese
land/property:
glebe
laws of:
canon
lay authority:
light-admitting upper wall:
clerestory
members:
congregation, fold, 
ock, Ecclesia
Moslem:
mosque
mosque tower:
Z9241i_C.indd 108
5/25/10 12:24:45 PM
churchman
\t  \r\f
churlish
surly, mean, grouchy, boorish, lout-
ish, crude, cantankerous, thorny, cranky,
cross, hu
y, grumpy, dour, sullen, ill-tem-
pered.
. nice, pleasant, civil.
churn
Z9241i_C.indd 109
5/25/10 12:24:45 PM
conjectural, speculative, extraneous, pre-
sumed.
. conclusive.
CIRCUMVENT
Z9241i_C.indd 110
5/25/10 12:24:45 PM
ha, disruption.
. silence, tranquility, se-
renity, peace.
clamor
cry out, demand, *put up a fuss, call
out, shout, *raise the roof, bellow, howl, yell,
insist.
clamorous
noisy, loud, confused, uproarious,
tumultuous, chaotic, disruptive, deafening,
ear-piercing, vociferous.
. quiet, silent,
peaceful.
clamp
Z9241i_C.indd 111
5/25/10 12:24:46 PM
scrubbed, antiseptic, scoured, sanitary,
bright, sparkling, pure, disinfected, ster-
ile, clear, unpolluted. 2.  \t upright,
moral, pure, chaste, sinless, innocent, de-
cent, wholesome, respectable, lily-white. 3.
 sportsmanlike, honest, aboveboard, re-
spectable, by the rules. 4.   plain, unclut-
tered, simple, sharp. 5. \n thorough,
entire, whole, clear-cut.
. 1. dirty, 
lthy,
grubby, unsanitary, grimy. 2. immoral, 
lthy,
indecent. 3. unfair, unsportsmanlike, *below-
the-belt. 4. busy, ornate, cluttered. 5. incom-
cleave
1. \t adhere, cling, cohere, hold fast,
be faithful, be true. 2. \t\n divide, chop,
carve, sever, slice, part, rend, rip, cut.
cle
opening, crack, crevice, break, gap,
chink, 
ssure, slit, schism, split, ri
CLEMENCY
[KLEM un see] forgiveness, le-
nience, mercy.
e crook was granted clem-
ency in exchange for information.
\t\f\b. for-
giveness, lenience, mercy, mildness, com-
passion, charity, amnesty, sympathy, so
ing, quarter, mitigation, easing, so
hearted-
. vindictiveness, cruel and unusual
punishment, strictness, harshness, heavy-
handedness.
clench
grip, grasp, hold 
rm, clutch, clasp,
hold, constrict, close.
. loosen, release.
clergy
ecclesiastics, men of the cloth, min-
istry, priesthood, churchmen, holy order,
prelacy, pastorate, presbytery, rabbinate.
\t  \r\f\b
clergyman
ecclesiastic, minister, priest,
rabbi, preacher, canon, cleric, *dominie,
reverend, curate, father, pastor, parson,
prelate, chaplain, bishop, cardinal, rector,
vicar, man of the cloth, deacon, evangelist,
theologian, shepherd, pontiff, man/wom-
an of God. Ambassadors for Christ.Ž„
The Bible. A human Sunday.Ž„Samuel
Butler. \t  , \r\b
abbeys superior female:
abbess
abbeys superior male:
abbot
assists priest or minister with candles, of-
ferings:
acolyte, altar boy
bishop-assisting priest who oversees a ter-
ritory:
archdeacon
bishop, highest ranking:
archbishop
cape, short, worn by pope, cardinal, and
bishop:
Z9241i_C.indd 112
5/25/10 12:24:46 PM
Lutheran, Baptist, or Pentecostal minis-
ter:
pastor
monk/friars robe:
frock
mosque o
cial who calls faithful to prayer
from minaret:
muezzin
mosques prayer leader:
imam
Muslim authority:
ayatollah
pope:
ponti
popes assistant, second-highest in Catho-
lic hierarchy:
cardinal
popes o
ce:
papacy
popes palace home:
Vatican
robe, long and white, worn by priest for
Mass:
alb
Roman Catholics highest-ranking:
pope
salary:
prebend
school for:
seminary
sleeveless mantle worn by priest at com-
munion:
square cloth worn by priest over shoul-
ders:
amice
Z9241i_C.indd 113
5/25/10 12:24:46 PM
clobber
punch, pound, beat, wallop, pummel,
hit, strike, belt, drub, thrash, *slug, *sock.
clock
contrasting. 5. airy, breezy, fresh. 6. generous,
free-spending, extravagant.
close call
narrow escape, near miss, *close
shave, *squeaker, photo
nish, *heart stop-
per, *white-knuckler, cli#
anger.
close
sted
tight
sted, tight, cheap, stingy,
miserly, niggardly, penny-pinching, parsi-
monious, penurious.
. generous, giving,
openhanded.
close-minded
narrow-minded, intolerant,
blind, unreceptive.
. broad-minded.
closemouthed
uncommunicative, taciturn,
Z9241i_C.indd 114
5/25/10 12:24:47 PM
continuous, layered, low:
stratus
descriptive:
buttermilk sky
feathery tu
cirrus, mares tail
eecy cumulus cloud:
woolpack, sheep, al-
tocumulus
fragments:
cloud tags, fractus, scud
gray, thick and shapeless rain cloud:
bostratus
Z9241i_C.indd 115
5/25/10 12:24:47 PM
incorporate, combine, mingle.
. divide,
fragment, split, separate.
COALITION
[KOH uh LISH un] an alliance
or union.
e coalition of environmentalists
will be lobbying for cleaner air.
\t\f\b. alliance,
union, association, confederacy, faction,
league, bloc, partnership, cartel, consolida-
tion, cooperative, merger.
coarse
1. \r gritty, scratchy, grainy, harsh,
unpolished, bumpy, bristly, unre
ned. 2. \b-
  poor, second-rate, shoddy, com-
mon, mediocre. 3. \r unre
ned, crude,
rough-hewn, crass, uncouth, o
ensive, un-
cultured, earthy, foulmouthed, ill-mannered,
churlish, impolite.
. 1. smooth, polished,
re
ned. 2. superior, 
rst-rate, high quality. 3.
re
ned, cultured, polite, gentlemanly, well-
mannered.
coast
shore, beach, strand, seaboard, seaside,
littoral. \t 
coast
glide, slide, skim, glissade, dri
, roll.
coast guard
marine patrol, marine rescue.
coat
1.  pelt, 
eece, wool, hide, pelage, fell.
2. \b\r covering, 
nish, layer, lamina-
dise, *stardust, *white horse, *witch, *mojo,
of the sun god. \t  \r, \b 
Z9241i_C.indd 116
5/25/10 12:24:47 PM
glass:
cocktail glass, cooler, delmonico, high-
ball, shot glass, sni
er, wine glass
Irish whiskey, hot co
ee, whipped cream:
Irish co
Kahlúa, cream:
sombrero
peach schnapps, vodka, pineapple juice,
cranberry juice:
sex on the beach
red wine, fruit juice, and brandy:
sangria
rum, orange juice, sour mix, grenadine:
shark bite
rum, pineapple juice, coconut cream:
pina
colada
rum, sweet and sour:
Daiquiri
rum, vodka, brandy, bourbon, lime:
wave
Scotch, drambuie:
rusty nail
Scotch, vermouth, cherry garnish:
Rob Roy
sloe gin, Southern Comfort, orange juice:
slow comfortable screw
sloe gin, sweet and sour, soda, cherry gar-
sloe gin 
tequila, orange juice, grenadine:
tequila
sunrise
tequila, sweet and sour, rim of glass frost-
ed with salt:
Margarita
vodka, beef bouillon:
bull shot
vodka, Kahlúa:
black Russian
vodka, orange juice, Galliano:
Harvey
Wallbanger
vodka, orange juice:
screwdriver
vodka, triple sec, cranberry juice, lime
juice:
cosmopolitan
vodka, triple sec curacao, lime juice:
Ka-
vodka, worcestershire sauce, tomato juice:
Bloody Mary
whiskey, ginger ale:
highball
whiskey, sweet and sour, cherry:
whiskey
sour
whiskey, vermouth with cherry:
Manhattan
cocky
\t \t 
coddle
pamper, mollycoddle, baby, indulge,
Z9241i_C.indd 117
5/25/10 12:24:48 PM
coil
wind, spiral, twist, turn, loop, twirl, cork-
screw, snake, twine, convolute, sinuate.
coin
piece, specie, copper, change, money, le-
gal tender, coinage, *pin money. \t \b\f
coin
devise, invent, make up, create, conceive,
originate, think up, dream up, fabricate,
compose, mint, neologize.
coincide
agree, equal, synchronize, square,
accord, dovetail, 
t, correspond, harmonize,
jibe, match, be synonymous, be concurrent.
. disagree, di
er.
coincidence
happenstance, chance, 
uke,
fortuity, accident, serend
ipity, synchro
nicity,
ckle 
nger of fate.
coincidental
chance, accidental, fortuitous,
uky, serendipitous, lucky, casual, circum-
stantial.
. deliberate, planned.
coitus
sexual intercourse, copulation, forni-
cation, mating, consummation, congress,
Z9241i_C.indd 118
5/25/10 12:24:48 PM
polytechnic, graduate school, campus.
[Where one] may learn the principles of
salesmanship from a Ph.D. who has never
sold anything, or the principles of mar-
Z9241i_C.indd 119
5/25/10 12:24:48 PM
colossus
giant, titan, monster, leviathan, be-
hemoth, mammoth, mountain, Gargan-
tua, Goliath, Cyclops, Hercules, Samson,
Godzilla.
. midget, dwarf, *shrimp, *pip-
squeak.
\t \b\t , \t, 
colt
foal, yearling. \t  \t, 
coltish
frisky, frolicsome, playful, gambol-
ing, spirited, romping, perky.
. lethargic,
slothful.
1. \n support, pilaster, post, pier,
upright, sha
, pylon. \t   ,
\b\r 2. \b row, 
le, formation, string,
procession, train.
base:
plinth, pedestal
classical orders:
Ionic, Doric, Corinthian,
Composite, Tuscan
eight columns, having:
octastyle
ve columns, having:
pentastyle
four columns, having:
combine
1.  join, unite, amalgamate,
blend, aggregate, conglomerate, assemble,
compound, consolidate, merge, wed, mingle.
. separate, divide.
combustible
ammable, in
ammable, ignit-
able, burnable, explosive, incendiary.
.
safe, calming, di
using.
combustion
burning, ignition, 
ame, kin-
dling, incineration, blazing, oxidation.
come
1. \n\n  near, draw near, close in,
move toward, advance. 2. \t \n show,
appear, make an appearance, arrive, pop in,
roll in, turn up, *blow in, drop in, materi-
alize, check in. 3.  \n occur, arrive,
happen, fall, arise, ensue, transpire, come to
pass.
. 1. go, leave, depart.
comeback
1.  resurgence, rebirth, re-
turn, recovery, rally. 2. \t\b\n\n\f \n\f retort,
rejoinder, riposte, repartee, witticism, esprit
de lescalier, answer.
comedian
comic, comedienne, joker, clown,
humorist, funnyman, wit, entertainer, buf-
foon, jester, *zany, cutup, *card, *top banana.
. straight man.
comedy
1.   burlesque, vaudeville, slap-
stick, parody, satire, lampoon, travesty, com-
edy of errors, comedy of manners, send-up,
takeo
, sitcom, *schtick, *bit, skit, *stand-
up. 2.  joking, jesting, silliness, hilar-
ity, gags, bu
oonery, cutting up, parody, sat-
ire, drollery, *poking fun, slapstick, physi-
cal comedy, black comedy, *one-liners. A
Z9241i_C.indd 120
5/25/10 12:24:48 PM
radiating blue light from electrically
charged particles:
uorescence
surrounding gas and particles, envelope:
coma
trailing particles:
tail
vast repository of:
Oort Cloud
come upon
vi.
bid, enjoin, summon, *give the word, exact,
compel, warrant, give an ultimatum. 2. \b-
  rule, govern, oversee, direct, supervise,
lead, direct, dominate, dictate, run, head,
master, reign.
commandeer
appropriate, expropriate, con-
scate, usurp, hijack, seize, take.
commander
leader, captain, chief, boss, head,
*head honcho, commanding o!
cer, *CO,
*brass, skipper, superior, *biggest toad in the
puddle, *Sir, *Maam.
. subordinate, un-
derling, follower, toady, *kiss-up.
commanding
1.   powerful,
in charge, dictatorial, dominating, ruling,
controlling, supervisory, governing, impos-
ing, impressive, imperious. 2.  \b\r
wide, expansive, dominating, prominent,
far-reaching, towering.
commandment
edict, law. \t \b
commemorate
honor, memorialize, remem-
ber, observe, salute, pay tribute, immortal-
ize, solemnize, celebrate.
. dishonor, ne-
glect, ignore.
commence
begin, start, initiate, launch, open.
. end, terminate.
commencement
Z9241i_C.indd 121
5/25/10 12:24:49 PM
comment
remark, commentary, observation,
statement, utterance, mention, *crack, criti-
cism, word, opinion.
comment
remark, observe, state, utter, men-
tion, *make a crack, criticize, critique, say
a word or two, opine, touch on, make note,
expound, mention, point out.
commentary
comment, analysis, remark, ob-
servation, exposition, criticism, critique, in-
terpretation, review, opinion.
commentator
reporter, analyst, reviewer,
comment - communication
Z9241i_C.indd 122
5/25/10 12:24:49 PM
change, transmission, intercourse, expres-
sion, interface, interplay, interaction. 2.  -
\t\n\b\b communique, report, dis-
communicative - compensate
Z9241i_C.indd 123
5/25/10 12:24:49 PM
compensation
remuneration, reimbursement,
recompense, pay, repayment, restitution, re-
fund, allowance, recoupment, stipend, *take,
consideration, bene
complaint
1. \r \b *beef, criticism,
gripe, protest, stink, cavil, grumble, problem,
grouse, charge, objection. 2. \f illness,
disorder, ailment, a
iction, disease, pain.
complaisant
agreeable, obliging, pleasing, so-
licitous, gracious, accommodating, deferen-
tial, conciliatory, compliant.
. disagree-
able, contrary, di\n
cult.
complement
1. * \b\b\r- crown, 
Z9241i_C.indd 124
5/25/10 12:24:50 PM
raven, raisin, tawny, tarnished penny,
weathered acorn, tanned
healthy:
peaches and cream, apple-cheeked,
scrubbed, rosy, glowing, ruddy, pink,
blushing
pink/red:
complexity - comprehensive
Z9241i_C.indd 125
5/25/10 12:24:50 PM
compress
compact, pack, condense, press,
contract, constrict, squeeze, shrink, wring,
squash, shorten, reduce.
. expand, stretch,
enlarge.
comprise
include, contain, consist of, make
up, form, compose, constitute, incorporate,
embody.
compromise
concession, *give-and-take,
agreement, conciliation, deal, *happy me-
dium, trade-o
, *middle ground, balance,
accommodation, golden mean. Simply
changing the question to 
t the answer.Ž„
Merrit Malloy.
compromise
1. \r \b  strike a deal,
trade o
, bargain, 
nd the middle ground,
strike a balance, accommodate, 
nd a hap-
py medium, make concessions, agree, *give
your shirt but keep your pants, *split the dif-
ference. 2. \b\b\r jeopardize, imperil,
expose, implicate, discredit.
COMPULSION
[kum PUL shun] a strong
drive or force, a compelling impulse.
He had
a strange compulsion to giggle at the funeral.
\t\f\b. drive, force, pressure, constraint, coer-
cion, need, urge, urgency, obsession, desire,
impulse.
compulsive
compelling, obsessive, uncon-
trollable, irresistible, urgent, crazed.
COMPULSORY
[kum PUL suh ree] man-
datory, required.
e tests are compulsory;
no one can skip them.
\t\f\b. mandatory, re-
quired, obligatory, requisite, imperative,
forced, nonelective.
. voluntary, elective,
optional.
COMPUNCTION
[kum PUNK shun] the
uncomfortable feeling caused by guilt, con-
science.
He felt no compunction over his
crimes; he had no conscience.
\t\f\b. guilt, con-
science, qualm, uneasiness, misgiving, re-
Z9241i_C.indd 126
5/25/10 12:24:50 PM
linkage of several computers:
transfer data from your computer to an-
others:
upload
transfer data from another computer to
yours:
download
transfer data to memory:
store
virus protection program:
anti-virus; vac-
cine; antidote; *DDT
virus type:
strain
comrade
friend, companion, partner, pal, bud-
dy, associate, sidekick, confederate, chum,
colleague, co-worker, confrere.
. stranger,
enemy.
con
. *rip o
, cheat, swindle, defraud, trick,
deceive, bamboozle.
conceal
Z9241i_C.indd 127
5/25/10 12:24:51 PM
concentration
1. \b\b\r centering, focus,
study, 
xation, consideration, absorption,
engrossment, pondering, scrutiny, attention,
single-mindedness. 2. \b, \r-
 \b\r assemblage, mass, intensi
cation, fo-
cus, converging, consolidation, congrega-
tion, centralization, cluster, agglomerate.
. 1. diversion, absentmindedness, mind-
wandering. 2. spread, scattering, dispersal.
concept
idea, thought, notion, conceptual-
ization, *brainchild, conviction, view, image,
impression, theory, hypothesis.
conception
1. \r\b\b\b\r origination, birth,
genesis, inception, start, formation, germi-
nation, dawn. 2.  thought, notion, con-
ceptualization, conviction, view, image, im-
pression, theory, hypothesis.
concern
1.  care, business, matter, in-
terest, department, job, worry, responsibility.
concentration - concur
Z9241i_C.indd 128
5/25/10 12:24:51 PM
to concur.
\t\f\b. agree, assent, go along, ac-
cord, correspond, see eye to eye, echo, co-
incide, cooperate, synchronize, be in step
with, consent, harmonize, accede.
. dis-
agree, di
er.
concurrent
1. \n\n\b\b\r \r coin-
ciding, parallel, synchronized, coincident,
simultaneous. 2. \b \r \b in accor-
dance, harmonizing, consistent, corre-
sponding, in rapport, compatible.
. 2. in
disagreement, di
ering, contradictory.
concussion
shaking, agitation, jolt, blow,
shock, jarring, impact, bang, bump, pound-
ing, bu
concurrent - confess
Z9241i_C.indd 129
5/25/10 12:24:51 PM
divulge, *open up, *spill it.
. deny, cover
up, keep secret.
confession
admission, acknowledgement,
revelation, disclosure, allowance, leveling,
declaration, profession, avowal. A medicine
to the erring.Ž„Cicero.
con
dant
con
dante, friend, intimate, bo-
som buddy, companion, lover, alter ego,
counselor, therapist. \t  \b
con
de
1. \t  \b \b \b
confess, disclose, divulge, share feelings, re-
Z9241i_C.indd 130
5/25/10 12:24:51 PM
confuse
1.  mix up, perplex, throw
, ba
e, mystify, muddle, bemuse, puz-
zle, confound. 2. \t  jumble, mix up,
mess up, disarrange, discombobulate, dis-
array, *foul up, mingle, blend.
. 1. clarify,
explain. 2. straighten, order.
confusion
1.  \b perplexity, baf-
ement, mysti
cation, puzzlement, disori-
entation, fog, daze, befuddlement. 2. \t -
 jumble, mess, disarray, disorganization,
tangle, upheaval, labyrinth, muddle, *sna-
fu, anarchy, chaos, bedlam, pandemonium.
. 1. lucidity, clarity. 2. order, organization,
tidiness.
confute
disprove, refute, invalidate, *shoot
full of holes, negate, contradict, rebut, dis-
credit.
congeal
sentatives, Capitol Hill. 
e great com-
manding theatre ƒŽ„
omas Je
erson. \t
\b, \r \b\b, \n\t
assistant party leader in House or Senate:
whip
break:
recess
committee that sets rules for debate on bills:
Rules Committee
debates time-limiting process:
cloture
uencing of member by special interest
group:
lobbying
House of Commons:
lower legislative house
of British Parliament
House of Lords:
upper legislative house of
British Parliament
House:
U.S. House of Representatives
kill or remove a bill from consideration:
table a bill
legislative house:
chamber
5/25/10 12:24:52 PM
assumption, speculation, theory, hypothe-
sis, inkling, *shot in the dark.
. fact, cer-
tainty.
conjecture
guess, infer, deduce, assume, sup-
pose, surmise, speculate, theorize, hypothe-
size, gather.
conjugal
matrimonial, connubial, nuptial,
marital, wedded.
. unmarried, single.
conjunction
combination, union, alliance,
Z9241i_C.indd 132
5/25/10 12:24:52 PM
. 1. cause, source. 2. insigni
cance, un-
importance.
consequential
important, signi
cant, weighty,
notable, substantial, momentous, serious,
far-reaching, considerable, *heavy.
. in-
consequential, insigni
cant, trivial.
consequently
adv.
therefore, hence, thus, so, ac-
cordingly, ergo.
conservancy
conservation, preservation, land
trust.
conservation
preservation, protection, safe-
guarding, management, saving, supervision,
maintenance, husbandry, environmentalism,
reservation, safe-keeping, care.
. squan-
dering, waste.
conservationist
environmentalist, preserva-
tionist, activist, *green, *tree hugger.
conservative
traditionalist, right-winger, die-
hard, champion of the status quo, moderate,
obstructionist, *stick-in-the-mud. A man
who believes nothing should be done for
the  rst time.Ž„Alfred Wiggam.
CONSERVATIVE
[kun SURV uh tiv] favor-
ing traditional, nonprogressive ways; mod-
erate.
He doesnt like change; his politics are
conservative.
\t\f\b. 1.  \b right-
wing, rightist, conventional, die-hard, un-
changing, stable, old line, hidebound, op-
posed to change, unprogressive. 2. -
\t moderate, safe, middle-of-the-road,
careful.
. 1. radical, liberal, progressive.
conservator
consequential - conspiracy
Z9241i_C.indd 133
5/25/10 12:24:52 PM
remove the president from power.
\t\f\b. plot-
ting, plot, scheme, intrigue, connivance, col-
lusion, cabal, treachery, machination, foul
play, web, *wire-pulling.
conspirator
schemer, plotter, accomplice, en-
gineer, collaborator, colluder, *wire-puller,
Z9241i_C.indd 134
5/25/10 12:24:53 PM
virgin:
Virgo
water bearer:
Aquarius
CONSTERNATION
[kon stur NA shun] dis-
may or shock that leaves one feeling help-
less or confused.
e sudden collision 
him with consternation.
\t\f\b. dismay, shock,
Z9241i_C.indd 135
5/25/10 12:24:53 PM
touch with, call, seek, reach, look up, 
approach.
contagious
communicable, catching, trans-
mittable, transmissible, spreading, infectious,
epidemic, endemic.
. noninfectious.
contain
1.  accommodate, carry, receive,
have a capacity for. 2. \n \t include,
consist of, involve, embody, incorporate. 3.
\n \b  hold in, restrain, control,
suppress, repress, sti
contaminate
pollute, adulterate, spoil, taint,
sully, corrupt, de
le, poison, degrade, be-
foul.
. purify, cleanse, sterilize.
contamination
pollution, adulteration, spoil-
age, corruption, de
lement, degradation,
poisoning, fouling, taint, impurity.
contemplate
1.   watch, gaze at, be-
hold, survey, eye, consider, regard, scruti-
nize. 2. \b  ponder, mull over,
brood over, meditate, re
ect, ruminate,
dwell on, *chew on, consider, *turn over in
ones mind.
contemplative
thoughtful, intent, introspec-
tive, absorbed, pensive, meditative, re
tive, ruminative, musing, rapt.
. thought-
less, blank, vacuous.
contemporary
1.  \b present-day, up-to-
date, here and now, current, late, *hot, new,
*cutting edge, recent, now, *fresh as today,
extant. 2. \t\b\r coincident, attending,
simultaneous, synchronous, concurrent, of
the same time.
. 1. old, yesterday, histori-
cal, past, ancient.
contempt
1. \t\b scorn, repugnance, dis-
gust, disrespect, disregard, derision, revul-
sion, abhorrence. 2. \t\r  shame, dis-
honor, humiliation, disrepute.
. respect,
esteem, honor.
contemptible
despicable, shameful, low, de-
5/25/10 12:24:53 PM
continual
Z9241i_C.indd 137
5/25/10 12:24:54 PM
engineer, swing, conspire, machinate, 
gle, formulate.
CONTRIVED
[kun TRIVED] overly
planned or designed, with a forced or un-
natural e
ect.
e unlikely coincidences in
the plot made the story seem contrived.
forced, unnatural, unspontaneous, labored,
phony, manipulated, fake, a
ected, arti
cial,
strained.
. natural, spontaneous, artless.
control
command, power, rule, order, direc-
tion, mastery, management, supervision,
regulation, government, *upper hand, *the
whip, in uence, jurisdiction, dominion.
control
command, rule, order, direct, mas-
ter, manage, supervise, run, regulate, gov-
ern, in
uence, dominate, guide, *hold sway
over, lead, quarterback, reign, call the shots,
dictate, preside over, *be in the drivers seat,
*rule with an iron hand, manipulate.
controversial
debatable, moot, arguable, po-
lemical, contestable, questionable, suspect,
Z9241i_C.indd 138
5/25/10 12:24:54 PM
convert
change, transform, transmutate, switch,
Z9241i_C.indd 139
5/25/10 12:24:54 PM
copy
duplicate, reproduction, replica, imita-
tion, facsimile, *carbon copy, likeness, repre-
sentation, counterfeit.
. original, model.
copy
1. \n reproduce, replicate, imitate,
clone, simulate, represent. 2.  ape, em-
ulate, pattern, model, mimic, simulate, act like,
mirror, impersonate, embody, mock.
copycat
imitator, mimic, impersonator.
Z9241i_C.indd 140
5/25/10 12:24:55 PM
corrode
Z9241i_C.indd 141
5/25/10 12:24:55 PM
countenance
1. \n\n \b aspect, face, ex-
pression, features, look, mien, visage, cast,
air, semblance. 2. \n\n  support, ac-
ceptance, sanction, encouragement, bless-
ing, backing.
countenance
approve, condone, allow, per-
mit, put up with, stand for, tolerate, support,
back, sanction.
. disapprove, reject, pro-
hibit.
counter
stand, table, shelf, display case, *check-
out counter.
counter
rest was followed by a coup detat and the as-
sassination of the dictator.
\t\f\b. overthrow,
change of government, coup, power grab,
revolution, uprising, takeover, power play.
couple
pair, duo, twosome, brace.
couple
joint, link, unite, pair, attach, connect,
yoke, hitch.
. uncouple, detach, disconnect.
coupon
refund, rebate, certi
cate, scrip, dis-
count slip.
courage
bravery, fearlessness, valor, lion-
heartedness, *guts, nerve, *balls, boldness,
dauntlessness, derring-do, self-assurance,
daring, pluck, backbone, *spine. [L]ies
countenance - court
Z9241i_C.indd 142
5/25/10 12:24:55 PM
damages awarded beyond plainti
s loss
to punish defendant:
punitive damages,
exemplary damages, double damages
decision:
judgment
decision won without proceedings, for
failure of one party to show:
default
judgment
defendants suit against plainti
counter-
suit, counterclaim
defending party in a court action:
defendant
disposition of case by negotiating guilty
plea for lesser charge:
plea bargaining
fail to appear a
er posting bail:
jump bail
faulty trial that is voided:
mistrial
ler of court action:
plainti
cer/guard who maintains order in court-
room:
baili
order to appear in court:
subpoena, sum-
mons
order to arrest someone:
warrant
order to restrict comments about case out-
side court:
gag order
order to search a location for evidence:
search warrant
party to a lawsuit:
litigant
pledge to tell nothing but the truth:
oath
present or argue a case in court:
plead
private suit:
civil action
punishment handed down by judge:
sen-
tence
questioning of opposing party witness by
lawyer:
cross examination
retrial from lower court to higher:
appeal
ruling, plea for:
motion
seat of judge:
bench
seat of witness while testifying:
witness
stand, witness box
similar earlier case used as model in later
case:
precedent
simulated trial by law students:
moot court
led on behalf of a group:
class action
suit
suspend proceedings:
adjourn, recess
suspension of sentencing:
stay
sworn statement:
davit
transcribes court proceedings word-for-
word:
court reporter, stenographer
unsanctioned court that ignores appropri-
ate legal procedures:
kangaroo court
will and estate processing court:
probate
court, surrogate court
witness who is absolutely vital:
material wit-
witness who is biased against opponent:
tile witness
court - courtesan
Z9241i_C.indd 143
5/25/10 12:24:56 PM
courtesy
politeness, good manners, civility,
respect, consideration, graciousness, re
ment, gentleness, formality, tact. 
e art
of choosing among ones real thoughts.Ž„
Abel Stevens.
. rudeness, discourtesy, in-
formality.
courtly
ed, re
ned, polite, manner-
ly, stately, cultivated, gentlemanly, polished,
well-bred, proper, elegant, respectful, suave.
. rude, unre
ned, rough, ill-mannered.
court-martial
military court, military trial,
military tribunal.
courtship
dating, wining and dining, wooing,
engagement, pair bonding.
cove
covey
ock, party, band, bevy, group, cluster,
clique.
cow
bovine, ruminant, bull, heifer, calf, *bossy.
barn:
byre, stable
beef breeds:
Angus, Beefalo, Belted Gallo-
way, Brahman, Charbray, Hereford, Tex-
as Longhorn
chew cud:
ruminate
cornstalks, hay, straw food:
fodder
dairy breeds:
Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Hol-
stein, Jersey
dehorned animal:
pollard
diseases:
hoof-and-mouth disease, mastitis,
scours
hairy portion of tail:
switch
milk gland:
moo:
low
neck fold on some breeds:
dewlap
regurgitated food that is rechewed:
cud
stomachs:
abomasum, omasum, reticulum,
rumen
cow
intimidate, bully, unnerve, frighten,
daunt, threaten, bu
alo, bully, terrorize,
browbeat.
. fortify, embolden, pu
up.
coward
*gutless wonder, *scaredy-cat, *baby,
Z9241i_C.indd 144
5/25/10 12:24:56 PM
foreman:
trail boss
hat:
Z9241i_C.indd 145
5/25/10 12:24:56 PM
crappy
Sl.
\n lousy, worthless, sub-par, in-
ferior, junk, trashy, terrible, useless, cheap,
shoddy.
crapshoot
risk, risky business, *shot in the
dark, i
Z9241i_C.indd 146
5/25/10 12:24:57 PM
credibility
believability, reliability, trustwor-
thiness, soundness, integrity, plausibility,
dependability.
. implausibility, question-
ability.
credibility gap
discrepancy, disparity, 2 plus 2
not adding up to 4, inconsistency, question.
credible
believable, reliable, trustworthy,
sound, plausible, dependable, honest, solid,
conceivable, likely.
. incredible, unbeliev-
able, doubtful.
credit
1.  trust, faith, honesty, cred-
ibility. 2. \r\b\b acclaim, praise,
tribute, notice, commendation, pat on the
back, *Brownie points, acknowledgement. 3.
 on account, deferred payment, charge,
time, installment plan. Imaginary riches.Ž„
omas Peacock.
. 1. disbelief, mistrust.
2. blame, disapproval. 3. cash.
credit
1.  trust, accept, *buy, have
faith in, trust, *take stock in. 2. \t\t\r\b 
recognize, accredit, attribute, ascribe, ac-
knowledge.
. 1. disbelieve, distrust.
creditable
commendable, laudatory, meri-
torious, praiseworthy, worthy, respectable,
exemplary, honorable.
. unworthy, dis-
graceful, despicable.
credit union
thri
institution, lending insti-
tution, cooperative.
credo
Z9241i_C.indd 147
5/25/10 12:24:57 PM
wicked, evil, nefarious, degenerate, corrupt,
errant.
. 1. legal, legitimate. 2. pure, un-
blemished.
crimp
fold, pinch, press, crease, pleat, wrinkle.
cringe
shrink, 
inch, cower, wince, quail,
blench, recoil, grovel, quiver, crouch, bow
and scrape.
. stand tall, strut, swagger.
crinkle
wrinkle, crumple, crimple, pucker,
crease, crimp, fold, twist, crackle, rustle.
.
smooth, straighten, press.
Z9241i_C.indd 148
5/25/10 12:24:57 PM
ating, zigzag. 2. \t\b\t corrupt, deceit-
ful, shady, fraudulent, shi
y, underhand-
ed, tricky, designing, cra
. 1. straight,
level, aligned. 2. honest, honorable, above-
board, trustworthy.
crop
harvest, yield, production, produce.
crop
cut, trim, clip, chop, snip, shear, shorten,
pare, lop, prune, mow.
cross
1.   crux, rood. Ladders that
lead to heaven.Ž„Samuel Smiles. 2.  \t\t
  ,  \b weight, suffering, ad-
versity, load, albatross, affliction, misfor-
tune, pain.
cross-bearer:
crucifer
cross-shaped:
cruciate, cruciform
cross with circle behind crossbeam:
Celt-
ic cross
cross with v-shaped ends:
Maltese cross
Egyptian cross with loop on top:
ankh, an-
sate cross
horizontal beam:
transom
cross
1.   \t span, pass over, extend, go
across, bridge, ply, ford. 2. \b \t con-
Z9241i_C.indd 149
5/25/10 12:24:58 PM
cultured, polished, civilized. 2. re
ned, 
nished,
polished.
cruel
vicious, ferocious, inhuman, inhumane,
mean, savage, brutal, merciless, barbarous,
sadistic, cold-blooded, heartless, bestial,
bloodthirsty, ruthless.
. kind, benevolent,
compassionate.
cruelty
viciousness, ferocity, inhumanity,
meanness, savagery, brutality, barbarity, sa-
dism, cold-bloodedness, heartlessness, bes-
tiality, ruthlessness.
. kindness, compas-
sion, benevolence.
cruet
vessel, decanter. \t 
cruise
sail, navigate, travel, voyage, rove, wan-
der, journey, dri
cruiser
patrol car, squad car, prowl car. \t
\n
crumb
fragment, bit, tidbit, morsel, sliver,
scrap, shred, speck, splinter.
crumble
break apart, fall to pieces, disinte-
grate, fragment, crack, fritter, powder, shred,
decay.
crumbly
friable, brittle, insubstantial, fragile.
. solid.
crummy
lousy, poor, cheap, shabby, *crappy,
subpar, inferior.
. quality.
crumple
1. \n wrinkle, pucker, crin-
kle, crease. 2.  \n  collapse, give way,
buckle, topple, fall to pieces, cave in.
crunch
grind, munch, chew, chomp, masti-
cate, gnaw, champ.
crunch-time
showdown, critical moment,
critical mass, high noon, *do or die time,
*sink or swim time.
crunchy
crisp, crackling, chewy, brittle.
crusade
campaign, movement, cause, drive,
mission, expedition, march, push, battle.
crusader
champion, campaigner, reformer,
visionary, *mover and shaker, 
ghter, *voice
for change.
crush
infatuation, *puppy love, fancy, pas-
sion, fondness, liking, *the hots.
crush
1. \t squash, press, compress, squeeze,
pulverize, crunch, powder, *squish, grind,
granulate, trample. 2.  overpower,
overwhelm, vanquish, obliterate, humiliate,
*blow away, subdue, conquer, squelch, beat
down.
. 2. surrender, lose, bow down.
crust
coating, shell, skin, hull, rind, layer,
border, caking, encrustation.
crustacean
arthropod, sea creature, marine
animal, lobster, crab, prawn, shrimp.
crusty
surly, sour, testy, cranky, crabby,
, peevish, irascible, ill-tempered, bear-
ish, grouchy.
. easygoing, good-natured,
pleasant.
crutch
prop, support, sta
, walking aid.
crux
core, essence, heart, meat, *meat and
potatoes, nitty-gritty, gist, root, nub, basis.
cry
1. \n\b\r bawling, wailing, whimper-
ing, sobbing, sniveling, blubbering, howling,
bewailing, lament. 2. \t yell, exclama-
tion, call, holler, outcry, utterance, scream,
squawk, shriek, yelp, bellow. 3. \n\b\r
appeal, entreaty, supplication, imploration,
plea, *cri de coeur, request, prayer.
cry
weep, bawl, wail, whimper, sob, snivel,
squall, blubber, howl, burst into tears, break
down, mewl, pule, *boohoo, moan, dis-
solve into tears, convulse with tears, choke
up, shed tears, blink back tears. \t \r ,
 \b, \t ,  \t 2. \t yell, ex-
claim, holler, call, utter, sing out, bellow, hail,
crow, scream, yelp, vociferate, squawk.
body language:
Z9241i_C.indd 150
5/25/10 12:24:58 PM
cubicle
compartment, chamber, stall, box,
cell, booth, bay, cabin, room, berth.
cuckoo
crazy, stupid, out of ones mind, nutty,
aky.
. sane.
cuddle
snuggle, hug, embrace, nestle, nuzzle,
Z9241i_C.indd 151
5/25/10 12:24:58 PM
curdle
congeal, coagulate, clot, clabber, thick-
en, solidify, spoil, ferment, sour.
. thin,
liquefy.
cure
remedy, antidote, corrective, medi-
cine, cure-all, panacea, treatment, regimen,
*quick 
x, elixir, prescription, nostrum. \t
cure
remedy, correct, treat, medicate, 
x, heal,
restore, alleviate, relieve, repair, doctor, re-
habilitate.
cure-all
panacea, elixir, catholicon, nostrum,
patent medicine.
curfew
*lights out, prohibition, ban, restric-
tion.
curiosity
1. \b\t\b\t\t interest, con-
cern, *nosiness, questioning, prying, *thirst
for knowledge. To eat of the forbidden
fruit.Ž„Robert Burton. 
e lust of the
mind.Ž„
omas Hobbes. 
e mother of
science.Ž„Charles Singer. A peep-hole in
the brain.Ž„Elbert Hubbard. 2.   nov-
Z9241i_C.indd 152
5/25/10 12:24:59 PM
Z9241i_C.indd 153
5/25/10 12:24:59 PM
dab
bit, touch, drop, pat, smidgen, speck, dol-
lop, pinch, soupçon.
dab
daub, touch, smear, smudge, pat, tap.
dabble
*play around, *mess around, toy with,
ddle with, putter, tinker, dillydally, tri
dabbler
dam
bank, dike, levee, wall, barrage, obstruc-
tion, check, barrier.
dam
block, obstruct, check, close, bar, impede,
stop, slow, restrict.
. release, free.
destruction, injury, loss, harm, break-
Z9241i_D.indd 154
5/25/10 12:25:01 PM
death dance:
danse macrabre
French, high-kicking, skirt-li
ing:
cancan
glissade backwards:
moonwalk
group single 
le procession, three steps
and kick:
conga
Hawaiian:
hula
Italian, whirling folk dance:
tarantella
Latin American quickstep and shu
e:
cha-
Latin American, with stylized posturing:
tango
legs scissoring in opposite directions:
split
lively folk dance:
lively French dance, eighteenth century:
cotillion
Middle Eastern female solo, stomach un-
dulations:
belly dance
modern jazz:
jazz dance
wooden shoes dance:
clog
caper, step, *trip the light fantastic, *boo-
gie, *cut a rug, swing, step, prance, *disco,
Z9241i_D.indd 155
5/25/10 12:25:02 PM
1. \r\t aphotic, dim, dusky, gloomy,
unlit, nebulous, inky, shadowy, somber,
gauzy, murky. 2. \r swarthy, ebo-
ny, black. 3. \f\b\t\b dismal, bleak, gloomy,
stygian, depressing, somber, grim, morbid.
4. \f evil, satanic, sinister, hellish, in-
fernal.
. light, bright, sunny.
 \r\t,
\r
DARK HORSE
a relative unknown who is
deemed unlikely to win; an underdog.
dark horse candidate staged a surprising vic-
tory.
 . sleeper, unknown, underdog, long-
daughter
girl, o
spring, young, child, *chip
the old block.  e object of a pleasure
Z9241i_D.indd 156
5/25/10 12:25:02 PM
daze
confuse, bewilder, shock, befuddle, stu-
pefy, stun, perplex, addle, numb, confound,
muddle, dumbfound.
dazzle
amaze, blind, overwhelm, astonish, be-
wilder, confuse, awe, *bowl over, daze, *blow
away, dumbfound.
dazzling
brilliant, blinding, sparkling, glit-
tering, 
ashy, shining, radiant, resplendent,
deadpan
expressionless, blank, *poker-faced,
stony, wooden, unreadable.
deaf
hearing-impaired, hard of hearing, un-
hearing, *deaf as a post, *stone deaf.
deafening
ear-splitting, noisy.  \r\f
deal
arrangement, understanding, contract,
transaction, compact, bargain.
deal
1. \f\b dole out, allocate, allot,
Z9241i_D.indd 157
5/25/10 12:25:02 PM
DOA:
dead on arrival
fear of:
necrophobia, thanatophobia
gurgle at last breath:
death rattle
herald of:
banshee
investigation of:
inquest, autopsy, postmor-
tem
march:
dirge
mercy killing:
euthanasia
notice:
obituary, necrology
omen:
knell
reminder or symbol of:
memento mori,
deaths head
study of:
thanatology
watch:
deathless
Z9241i_D.indd 158
5/25/10 12:25:03 PM
deceased
passed on, departed, *pushing up
daisies.  \f\t\f
deceit
dishonesty, deception, fraud, trickery,
cheating, double-dealing, *BS, cra
, *funny
business, underhandedness, chicanery. 
smiler with the knife under the cloak.Ž„Geof-
frey Chaucer. 
at glib and oily art.Ž„Shake-
speare.
. honesty, truthfulness, fairness.
deceitful
dishonest, deceptive, fraudulent,
double-dealing, *full of it, cra
y, under-
handed, treacherous, duplicitous, insincere,
artful, shi
. honest, truthful, straight-
forward.
deceive
mislead, delude, trick, hoodwink,
*pull the wool over ones eyes, dupe, defraud,
*bu
alo, *con, burn, *screw, beguile, *BS.
decency
Z9241i_D.indd 159
5/25/10 12:25:03 PM
decrease
lessening, lowering, shrinkage, re-
duction, decline, weakening, lightening,
contraction, depreciation, drop.
. in-
crease, growth, expansion.
decrease
lessen, diminish, lower, shrink, re-
duce, decline, weaken, lighten, contract, de-
full, powerful. 5. \t low, guttural, boom-
ing, rumbling, resonant.
. 1. shallow, su-
per\b
cial. 2. trivial, simple, shallow. 3. distract-
ed. 4. light, weak, diluted. 5. high, shrill.
deep-seated
deep-rooted, ingrained, *dyed
in the wool, inherent.
. learned, acquired,
extrinsic.
deer
Z9241i_D.indd 160
5/25/10 12:25:03 PM
defeat
vanquish, beat, conquer, subdue, win
over, overthrow, best, lick, whip, rout,
slaughter, unseat, trounce, *smoke, prevail
over, triumph over, *shellac, *skunk, *mop
the 
oor with, humiliate, prostrate, domi-
nate, eclipse, overshadow, tower over, *take
the wind out of ones sails.
. lose, knuckle
under, concede.
defeatism
resignation, passive acceptance,
giving up, pessimism.
defect
imperfection, 
aw, failing, mistake, de-
ciency, drawback, *bug, irregularity, error,
shortcoming, weakness, chink.
. strength.
defect
leave, desert, change allegiance, turn
traitor, abandon, renounce, reject, forsake.
. embrace, uphold, remain.
defective
imperfect, 
awed, irregular, de
cient, faulty, lacking, marred, unsound, in-
operative, *out of commission.
. perfect,
sound, intact.
defend
1. \b 
ght for, guard, fend o
withstand, hold at bay, shield, secure, ward
, preserve. 2. \b advocate, back, up-
hold, stick up for, stand behind, *go to bat
for, plead, justify.
. o
end, attack, let
down ones guard.
defendant
accused, suspect, prisoner, party,
litigant.
defense
1. \b guard, shield, forti
cation, shelter, screen, bulwark, stronghold,
armament. 2. #\t explanation,
excuse, stand, argument, plea, story, apolo-
gia, support.
. 1. o
ense, aggression.
defenseless
powerless, vulnerable, unprotect-
ed, unguarded, unarmed, helpless, weak, im-
potent, exposed, open to attack.
. guard-
ed, forti\b
ed, defended.
defer
1. \f\r\t postpone, put o , hold o
, sus-
pend, *put on the back burner, procrastinate,
stall, table. 2. \r submit, yield, acqui-
esce, accede, capitulate, give in, assent, agree.
. 1. expedite, rush. 2. disagree, stand ones
ground.
DEFERENCE
[DEF ur uns] yielding to anoth-
ers will, usually out of respect or courtesy.
In
deference to her mothers wishes, the teenager
was home by midnight.
 . submission, re-
gard, consideration, respect, thoughtfulness,
yielding, compliance, courtesy, obeisance.
. opposition, rebellion, disrespect.
deferential
respectful, submissive, compliant,
courteous, considerate, obedient, obeisant,
acquiescent, regardful, reverential.
. dis-
respectful, disobedient, rude.
de
ance
rebellion, disobedience, resistance,
opposition, challenge, insolence, revolt,
5/25/10 12:25:04 PM
out of shape, twisted, warped, contorted,
unnatural, hunchbacked, gnarled.
. well-
formed,
awless.
deformity
malformation, dis
gurement, dis-
tortion, contortion, abnormality, birth de-
fect, hunchback, club foot, hump, harelip.
defraud
cheat, swindle, dupe, *rip o
, 
eece,
bamboozle, bilk, rook, *con, take for a ride,
*sucker.
defray
cover cost, pay.
defrost
thaw, warm, de-ice.
DEFT
[DEFT] skillful. 
e de
carpenter
B.A.:
Bachelor of Arts
baccalaureate:
bachelors degree
bachelors:
undergraduate degree
between bachelors and doctorate:
masters
degree
B.S.:
Bachelor of Science
ceremonies surrounding handing out of:
commencement
Civil Engineer
D.D.S.:
Doctor of Dental Science
D.
Doctor of 
eology
graduating with great honor or praise:
magna cum laude
graduating with highest praise:
cum laude
graduating with honors:
cum laude
highest degree:
doctorate, Ph.D.
LL.D.:
Doctor of Laws
Master of Arts
M.B.A.:
Master of Business Administration
masters and doctorate:
postgraduate degree
M.D.:
Doctor of Medicine
Ph.D.:
Doctor of Philosophy
recognition of achievement, not school-
ing:
honorary degree
Sc.D.:
Doctor of Science
S.J.D.:
Doctor of Judicial Science
dehydrate
dry, desiccate.
deify
worship, revere, exalt, put on a pedestal,
idealize, idolize, lionize, elevate.
deign
deem worthy, see 
t, stoop, condescend.
deity
god, goddess, supreme being, idol. 
déjà vu
familiarity, past-life experience, rec-
ognition, acquaintence, knowledge, *past
life echo, memory, recall, remembrance.
dejected
depressed, disheartened, saddened,
low, dispirited, *bummed, melancholy,
downhearted, heavyhearted, blue, disconso-
late, *down in the mouth.
. cheerful, hap-
py, euphoric.
delay
Z9241i_D.indd 162
5/25/10 12:25:04 PM
delegate
appoint, commission, deputize, au-
thorize, charge, commission, empower,
nominate, assign, give.
Z9241i_D.indd 163
5/25/10 12:25:04 PM
grandeur, folie à deux.  \t , \b-
,  \b\t
broadcast to the nation, belief that ones
life is being:
Truman syndrome
defective or deformed body part, false belief
that one has a:
body dysmorphic disorder
imposter, false belief that one has been re-
placed by an:
Capgras syndrome
stand or walk, false belief that one is unable
to:
astasia
thoughts have been planted in ones mind by
another, belief that:
thought insertion
thoughts heard by others, belief that ones:
thought broadcasting
deluxe
superior, luxurious, 
rst-rate, 
rst-class,
select, sumptuous, choice, elegant, grand,
rich, elite, *posh.
. cheap, *cut-rate, run of
the mill.
delve
search, dig, unearth, investigate, explore,
sh around for.
DEMAGOGUE
[DEM uh GAWG] a leader
who panders to the emotions of the mass-
es in order to win them over.
He knew how
to push the voters buttons; he was a rabble-
rouser and a demagogue.
 . rabble-rous-
er, *grandstander, agitator, inciter, oppor-
tunist, troublemaker, instigator, *
rebrand,
mountebank. [One who] appeals to pas-
sions and prejudices rather than to rea-
son.Ž„James Fenimore Cooper. One who
tells you what you want to hear. A states-
man tells you what you need to hear.Ž„
Max Ra
erty.
demand
requirement, bid, call, order, charge,
request, command, petition, ultimatum, in-
junction, appeal.
demand
order, insist on, press, ask, bid, com-
pel, requisition, exact, command, necessi-
tate, require, urge, summon, implore.
demanding
laborious, consuming, time-
consuming, hard, back-breaking, di!
cult,
painstaking, arduous, rough, burdensome.
. easy, e
ortless.
demean
lower, debase, humble, degrade, de-
preciate, *take down a peg, disgrace, humil-
iate, demote, shame.
. elevate, *put on a
pedestal, idolize, honor.
demeanor
behavior, manner, deportment,
conduct, comportment, bearing, disposition,
attitude, air, actions.
demented
insane, crazy, psychotic, deranged,
maniacal, unstable, *
ipped out, hysterical,
mad, schizophrenic, irrational, *nuts.
.
sane, rational, stable.
 \b\t\n , \b
demise
death, passing, end, expiration, down-
fall, termination, *lights out, fall.
. birth,
beginning.
 \f\t
dementia
senility, Alzheimers Disease, com-
promised intellect, failing intellect, fail-
ing congnitive abilities, mental disturbance,
Z9241i_D.indd 164
5/25/10 12:25:05 PM
substantiation, corroboration, authentica-
tion, validation, veri
cation, documentation.
Z9241i_D.indd 165
5/25/10 12:25:05 PM
 hinge on, be subject to, hang on, be contin-
gent on.
dependable
reliable, bankable, trustworthy,
steady, unfailing, responsible, tried-and-true,
*good as ones word, loyal, staunch, steadfast.
. unreliable, irresponsible.
dependence
reliance, faith, con
dence, be-
lief, stock, trust, expectation, need, addic-
tion, dependency.
dependent
1. \b\r\t helpless, defenseless,
vulnerable, clinging, *tied to mothers apron
strings, needful, addicted. 2. \f\b\f
 hinging on, subject to, hanging on, con-
tingent on.
. 1. autonomous, self-reliant,
independent.
depict
Z9241i_D.indd 166
5/25/10 12:25:05 PM
depression
1. \f\t\b\f melan-
cholia, blues, dejection, unhappiness, sad-
ness, doldrums, *blahs, *blue funk, sorrow,
heavyheartedness, despair, gloom, a
ective
disorder, mood disorder, depressive neu-
rosis, depressive psychosis, manic-depres-
sion, malaise, hopelessness, postpartum de-
pression, seasonal a
ective disorder (SAD),
withdrawal. 2.  \f\r reces-
sion, slowdown, downturn. 3. \r\r dent,
impression, indentation, recess, concav-
ity.
. 1. euphoria, happiness, joy, bliss. 3.
boom, good times.
  \b\t
childbirth, following:
postpartum depression
medication:
antidepressants
radical treatment:
electroshock therapy
winter blues treated with light therapy:
seasonal a
ective disorder (SAD)
deprivation
loss, privation, need, want, hard-
ship, withholding, dispossession.
deprive
keep from, take away, divest, strip,
withhold, deny, shut out, remove, dispossess,
cut o
, con
scate.
depth
1. \r deepness, bottom, dra
drop, pitch. 2. \b\f wisdom, in-
sight, perception, astuteness.
. 1. height,
shallowness. 2. shallowness, super\b
ciality.
deputy
assistant, representative, agent, dele-
gate, appointee, aide, surrogate, proxy, substi-
tute, *second-in-command, emissary, envoy.
deranged
irrational, insane, crazy, unsta-
ble, *o
the wall, *nuts, demented, psychot-
ic, berserk, mad, lunatic, *out of ones mind,
ipped, *schizo.
. rational, sane, lucid,
stable.
 \b\t\n , \b
derelict
vagrant, outcast, *bum, hobo, tramp,
beggar, *neer-do-well, *good-for-nothing,
pariah.
derelict
neglectful, delinquent, remiss, irre-
sponsible, lazy, slack, careless, lax, shi
laggard.
. responsible, conscientious, du-
tiful.
DERIDE
[di RIDE] to laugh at; ridicule.
Citi-
zens of the nineteenth century would o\f
en de-
ride the automobile.
 . laugh at, ridicule,
sco
, jeer, mock, taunt, make fun of, heck-
le, kid, *rib, *razz, *roast.
. take seriously,
respect, esteem.
DE RIGUEUR
[de ree GUHR] necessary or
Z9241i_D.indd 167
5/25/10 12:25:05 PM
description
tree, mesquite, ocotillo, prickly pear cac-
tus, sagebrush, saguaro
rain that evaporates before hitting ground:
phantom rain
salty plain le
by evaporation of lake:
salt
sandy area of the Sahara:
erg
semidesert plain:
steppe
valley that is 
at and arid:
bolson
desert
abandon, leave behind, forsake, leave,
give up, *walk, *leave high and dry, strand,
quit, maroon, vacate, jilt, defect, renounce,
*bail out, *leave in the lurch.
. remain,
stay, stick with.
deserted
empty, abandoned, desolate, soli-
tary, barren, derelict, lonely, uninhabited,
*godforsaken, vacant, forlorn.
. crowded,
mobbed, inhabited.
deserter
traitor, defector, fugitive, truant, ren-
egade, runaway, refugee, escapee, derelict,
turncoat, *AWOL.
desertion
abandonment, 
ight, defection,
turning ones back on, forsaking, *washing
hands of, resignation.
deserts
Z9241i_D.indd 168
5/25/10 12:25:06 PM
inate, nickname, baptize. 3. \t elect,
name, nominate, choose, select, assign.
designation
1. \t title, label, appellation,
moniker, tag, nickname, honori
c. 2. \t-
 delegation, nomination, selec-
tion, assignment.
designing
conniving, plotting, cra
y, conspir-
ing, tricky, scheming, double-dealing, artful,
calculating, foxy, Machiavellian.
. inno-
cent, artless, open.
desirable
1. \t\b \f\b attractive, se-
ductive, fetching, enticing, alluring, tan-
talizing, sexy, tempting, *hot. 2. \b-
\r bene
cial, good, pleasing, agreeable,
preferable, pro
table, advantageous.
. 1.
repulsive, repellant. 2. undesirable, worth-
less, useless.
desire
want, longing, hunger, thirst, need,
*hankering, ache, wish,
Z9241i_D.indd 169
5/25/10 12:25:06 PM
ruined, *wiped out.
. rich, wealthy, *roll-
ing in dough.
destroy
demolish, annihilate, wreck, devas-
tate, wipe out, *total, raze, extirpate, ruin,
ravage, obliterate, eradicate, *cream, level,
waste, quash, *gut, *nuke, crush.
. create,
build, preserve.
destruction
wreckage, demolition, annihila-
tion, ruins, devastation, ravaging, liquida-
tion, havoc, extinction, eradication, slaugh-
ter, decimation.
. building, creation, pres-
ervation.
destructive
injurious, pernicious, harmful,
ravaging, ruinous, catastrophic, fatal, damag-
Z9241i_D.indd 170
5/25/10 12:25:06 PM
detonation
explosion, discharge, blow-up,
ring, boom, pop, roar.
detour
bypass, *go-around, alternate route,
deviation.
detract
lessen, diminish, take away from, un-
dermine, minimize, devaluate, depreciate.
. enhance, increase, add to.
DETRIMENTAL
Z9241i_D.indd 171
5/25/10 12:25:07 PM
constant, earnest, steadfast.
. indi
erent,
disloyal.
devotee
fan, fanatic, enthusiast, a
cionado,
bu
, lover, supporter, addict, *nut, adherent,
*hound, *
end.
devotion
dedication, commitment, adher-
ence, allegiance, devoutness, faithfulness,
loyalty, 
absence of color, absolute:
color
bottommost portion of cut diamond in
setting:
pavilion
brownish:
cognac diamond
cut:
devotee - dicker
Z9241i_D.indd 172
5/25/10 12:25:07 PM
dictate
directive, rule, order, direction, com-
mand, mandate, law, ordinance, decree, bid-
ding, dictum, requirement.
dictate
1. \b\b order, command, direct,
rule, charge, lay down the law, demand, en-
join, *call the shots, impose, ordain. 2. \b\t\f
\t\r\f compose, utter, dra
, record.
dictator
tyrant, despot, autocrat, authoritar-
ian, *Hitler, totalitarian, oppressor, overlord,
*lord and master, strongman, czar, taskmas-
ter. Jealous gods monopolizing power, de-
stroying all rivals, compelling exclusive loy-
alty.Ž„Walter Lippmann. Rulers who al-
ways look good until the last ten minutes.Ž„
Jan Masaryk.  \b
dictatorial
tyrannical, despotic, autocrat-
ic, authoritarian, *Hitleresque, totalitarian,
oppressive, overbearing, ironhanded, lordly,
high-handed, absolute, *whip-cracking, im-
perious, domineering.
. democratic, lib-
eral, tolerant.
diction
vocabulary, wording, articulation,
enunciation, expression, eloquence, usage,
pronunciation, phraseology, language, in-
ection, elocution.
dictionary
lexicon, glossary, word book, ref-
erence book, vocabulary. 
e most interest-
ing book in our language.Ž„Albert Nock.
dictum
1. \b dictate, declara-
tion, assertion, decree, command, edict, or-
der. 2. \t  maxim, adage, proverb, tru-
ism, axiom, aphorism.
DIDACTIC
[dye DAK tik] instructional or
educational, especially involving morals. Al-
so, overly preachy or instructional; pedantic.
e audience was asleep a\f
er the senators di-
dactic speech.
 . instructional, educational,
informative, enlightening, expository, edify-
dictate - di
culty
Z9241i_D.indd 173
5/25/10 12:25:07 PM
and trainers, and only through them can one
come to the fullness of manhood.Ž„Henry
Ward Beecher. A harsh nurse who roughly
rocks her foster-children into strength and
Z9241i_D.indd 174
5/25/10 12:25:08 PM
a post.
. 1. bright, blinding, brilliant. 2.
smart, intelligent, bright.
dimension
size, extent, range, scope, magni-
tude, proportion, scale, measure, measure-
ment, span.
lessen, reduce, decrease, lower,
shrink, dwindle, wane, ebb, weaken, fade,
depreciate, slacken, abate.
. grow, enlarge,
expand.
diminution
lessening, reduction, decrease,
lowering, shrinkage, decline, weakening,
depreciation, slackening, abatement.
.
growth, expansion, enlargement.
diminutive
tiny, small, little, miniature, pint-
sized, minute, petite, *teeny, Lilliputian, *ba-
by, microscopic, puny.
. huge, gigantic,
enormous.
dimple
indentation, depression.
dimwit
bony scales:
scutes
cold-blooded:
ectothermic
crater of deadly asteroid impact:
lub, Shiva
crocodile-like jaws, 
sh-eater with:
baryonyx
death:
extinction
dewclaw on predators:
hallux
duck-billed:
hadrosaur, trachodon
dung, fossilized:
coprolite
era:
Mesozoic
evidence of, geological:
fossil
extinction event before the dinosaurs:
the
Great Dying
extinction of dinosaurs:
Z9241i_D.indd 175
5/25/10 12:25:08 PM
1. \f immerse, duck, lower, submerge,
things over with the dictator.
 . people
skills, tact, tactfulness, statesmanship, pol-
itics, *gladhanding, judiciousness, grace,
sensitivity, prudence, charm, mediation.
e art of saying Nice Doggie till you can
nd a rock.Ž„Wynn Catlin.  \f\r\t-
, \r
diplomat
ambassador, statesman, envoy, con-
sul, representative, politician, negotiator,
Z9241i_D.indd 176
5/25/10 12:25:08 PM
quadraplegic.
. sound, strong, \b
t, condi-
tioned, powerful.
disadvantage
drawback, liability, handicap,
Z9241i_D.indd 177
5/25/10 12:25:09 PM
discard
throw out, reject, toss, dismiss, *can,
discard - discordant
Z9241i_D.indd 178
5/25/10 12:25:09 PM
discourage
1. \f\t\b dispirit, demoral-
ize, dampen ones spirits, unnerve, *throw
cold water on, daunt, intimidate, cow, *dash
ones hopes, *take the wind out of ones sails.
2. \f\b dissuade, hinder, impede, restrain,
curb.
. 1. encourage, hearten, embolden.
discouraging
demoralizing, disheartening,
hopeless, daunting, dismaying, dissuasive,
dispiriting, de
ating, intimidating.
. en-
couraging, heartening, upli\f
discourse
dialogue, speech, conversation,
talk, discussion, communication, chat, lec-
ture, colloquy, *confab, address.
discourteous
rude, inconsiderate, impolite,
ill-mannered, uncivil, brusque, ungracious,
indelicate, cavalier, fresh, boorish.
. po-
lite, courteous, civil.
discover
discriminating
selective, choosy, picky, fussy, ju-
dicious, critical, particular, 
nicky, astute, dis-
cerning.
. undiscriminating, unparticular.
discrimination
prejudice, bias, favoritism, big-
otry, inequity, racism, sexism, chauvinism.
discursive
rambling, digressive, excursive,
wandering, roving, circumlocutory, rhapsod-
ic, prolix.
. succinct, direct, to the point.
discuss
talk over, deliberate, converse, confab-
ulate, *hash over, *kick around, argue, dis-
sert, debate, confer, review.
discussion
talk, deliberation, conversation,
confabulation, conference, debate, argument,
consultation, *powwow, parley, *rap session,
*bull session, seminar, symposium.
DISDAIN
[dis DANE] scorn or contempt.
felt nothing but disdain for the man.
 . scorn,
contempt, hatred, disgus
discourage - disease
Z9241i_D.indd 179
5/25/10 12:25:09 PM
appendicitis, cirrhosis of the liver,
spreading rapidly:
epidemic
strep throat, related to:
rheumatic fever, scar-
Z9241i_D.indd 180
5/25/10 12:25:09 PM
turning, repulsive, *gross, o
ensive, distaste-
ful, noisome, nasty, vulgar, vile, foul.
. de-
lightful, attractive, charming, appetizing.
plate, platter, bowl, vessel, saucer, utensil.
dishearten
discourage, dispirit, dampen, *take
the wind out of ones sails, *shake up, daunt,
unnerve, *take the starch out of, crush, *put
Z9241i_D.indd 181
5/25/10 12:25:10 PM
disobedient
rebellious, noncompliant, de
ant,
insubordinate, unruly, recalcitrant, insub-
missive, fractious, contrary, stubborn, mis-
chievous.
. obedient, compliant, dutiful.
disobey
defy, rebel, revolt, reject, transgress,
oppose, 
out, contradict, *thumb ones nose
at, disregard, overstep, resist.
. obey, com-
ply, *knuckle under, abide by.
disorder
1. \f\t\b\b\t jumble, confusion,
mess, disarrangement, clutter, disorganiza-
tion, untidiness, chaos, muddle. 2. \f\b-
Z9241i_D.indd 182
5/25/10 12:25:10 PM
dislike, distaste, unhappiness.
. delight,
satisfaction, happiness.
disposal
1. \b  discarding,
dumping, junking, dispatching, scrapping,
removal. 2. \b\f\b placement, distribution,
array, arrangement, disposition, grouping. 3.
\r conclusion, dispensation, de-
termination, transfer, end. 4. \b liberty,
authority, control, direction.
dispose
1. \b  discard, dump, toss,
scrap, junk, *can, *chuck, *eighty-six. 2. -
5/25/10 12:25:10 PM
dissent
disagree, contradict, di
er, argue, dis-
pute, oppose, vary, reject, contend, protest.
. agree, concur, assent.
DISSERTATION
[DIS ur TAY shun] a long
report or treatise on a subject, based on
ones own research, o
en a requirement of
a doctorate
. She gave her dissertation on the
mating practices of turtles.
 . thesis, trea-
tise, report, paper, discourse, study, compo-
sition, disquisition, essay, exposition.
disservice
wrong, harm, injustice, injury, dis-
favor, damage.
DISSIDENT
[DIS uh dent] one who dis-
agrees; a dissenter.
A number of dissidents
protested the action wih a demonstration.
 . dissenter, protestor, nonconformist, ob-
jector, separatist, rebel, opposition.
dissident
disagreeing, di
ering, dissenting.
. assenting, agreeing, concurring
dissimilar
unlike, di
erent, distinct, diver-
5/25/10 12:25:11 PM
Z9241i_D.indd 185
5/25/10 12:25:11 PM
diversion
entertainment, amusement, dis-
traction, pastime, divertissement, fun, plea-
sure, frolic, sport.
Z9241i_D.indd 186
5/25/10 12:25:11 PM
doctor
physician, medical practitioner, M.D.,
general practitioner, osteopath, homeopath,
medic, intern, specialist, resident, medi-
cine man, healer, *doc, *pill pusher, *bones,
*sawbones, *quack, witch doctor. An an-
gel when he comes to cure, a devil when he
asks for pay.Ž„English proverb. Deaths pi-
lot-
sh.Ž„G.D. Prentice. 
e 
ower of our
civilization.Ž„Robert Louis Stevenson. 
\f\t, \t\r, \f, \b, -
\b\t, \b\b
ambulance attendant:
paramedic, emer-
gency medical technician (EMT)
anesthesia administrator:
urinary tract, kidneys, prostate:
urologist
womens reproductive system:
gynecologist
doctor
x, treat, repair, attend, nurse,
medicate, *patch up. 2. \t\r\b tamper with,
falsify, change, distort, adulterate.
doctrinaire
obstinate, dogmatic, impractical,
unrealistic, rigid, speculative, authoritari-
an, in
exible.
. practical,
exible, open-
minded.
doctrine
principle, belief, conviction, precept,
Z9241i_D.indd 187
5/25/10 12:25:12 PM
elkhound, English setter, English spring-
er spaniel, English toy spaniel, foxhound,
fox terrier, German shepherd, gold-
long-legged, slight:
racy
lover of:
philocynic
tail, feathery:
plume
tail, straight, sti
whip
tail, twisted:
screwtail
top dog:
alpha
worm parasite:
heartworm
dog-eat-dog
vicious, voracious, brutal, aggres-
Z9241i_D.indd 188
5/25/10 12:25:12 PM
do-gooder
idealist, bleeding heart, philan-
thropist, humanitarian, *Dudley Do-right,
boy scout, good Samaritan, altruist.
doings
actions, deeds, acts, exploits, a
airs,
events, *goings-on, happenings, transactions.
doldrums
listlessness, depression, *blahs, mal-
aise, boredom, *blues, *dumps, *blue funk,
slump, torpor, tedium, stagnation, slump.
dole
welfare, charity, handouts, gi
, alms,
subsidy, food stamps, relief.
doleful
mournful, melancholy, grief-stricken,
downhearted, depressed, melancholy, sor-
rowful, dejected, disconsolate, sad, *down in
the dumps, forlorn, woebegone.
. cheer-
ful, euphoric, happy.
dole out
distribute, hand out, allocate, dis-
the pecking order, high rank, supremacy,
upper hand, preeminence, superiority, leg
up, command.
. submission.
dominant
ruling, controlling, supreme, *hav-
ing the upper hand, reigning, prevailing,
preeminent, *in the drivers seat, authorita-
tive, domineering, presiding, lordly, over-
ruling, superior, ascendant, uppermost, pro-
ponderant, predominant, paramount, fore-
. subordinate, inferior, submissive,
deferential.
dominate
rule, control, *have the upper
hand, reign, prevail, preside, lord over, gov-
ern, master, tyrannize, overshadow, com-
mand, overrule, predominate, eclipse, *rule
the roost, *run the show, *call the shots,
dictate, subdue, overpower, bully, cow,
loom over, dwarf, rule with an iron hand,
*stand head and shoulders above.
. sub-
mit, cringe, defer.
domination
leadership, rule, control, pow-
er, top position, supremacy, mastery, up-
per hand, preeminence, superiority, com-
mand, alpha position, tyrrany.
. submis-
sion, subservience.
domineer
 \f\t
domineering
overbearing, oppressive, high-
handed, *ironhanded, bossy, controlling, lord-
ly, high and mighty, tyrannical, imperious,
pushy, authoritarian, bullying, *whip-cracking.
. submissive, deferential, cringing.
dominion
rule, realm, domain, sovereign-
ty, authority, jurisdiction, command, reign,
control, supremacy.
donate
give, contribute, pledge, *chip in, grant,
confer, bestow, bequeath, make a gi
of.
donation
contribution, gi
, pledge, present,
alms, aid, relief, handout, grant, o
ering,
benefaction.
done
Z9241i_D.indd 189
5/25/10 12:25:12 PM
donnybrook
brawl, free-for-all, 
ght, fray,
fracas, melee, 
sticu
s, riot, *rumble.
donor
contributor, benefactor, supporter, giver,
backer, patron, grantor, subscriber, *angel.
do-nothing
*bum, idler, loafer, sloth, malin-
gerer, moocher, lazybones, *goof-o
, lag-
gard, shirker, *couch potato, goldbricker,
slacker.
. go-getter.
donut
 \f
doodad
thingamajig, doohickey, whatzit, thin-
gamabob, *goofus, whatchamacallit, gizmo,
Z9241i_D.indd 190
5/25/10 12:25:12 PM
doubt
uncertainty, question, hesitation, mis-
trust, indecision, misgiving, skepticism,
suspicion, lack of faith, lack of conviction,
Z9241i_D.indd 191
5/25/10 12:25:13 PM
named a
er the code of Draco, from 621
B.C.
Some favor taking Draconian measures
to \b
ght crime
.  . harsh, severe, strict, cru-
el, extreme, rough, brutal, serious, dire, iron-
handed, drastic, punitive.
. slight, light,
inconsequential, petty.
dra
1. \f breeze, current, pu
, whi ,
breath, wa , sigh, sough. 2. \r\t\b -
\b induction, selection, lottery, re-
cruitment, registration, call of duty. 3. -
Z9241i_D.indd 192
5/25/10 12:25:13 PM
dream
fantasize, daydream, imagine, muse,
fancy, envisage, visualize, conjure up, hallu-
cinate, conceive, lose oneself in reverie.
dreamer
visionary, fantast, daydreamer, cas-
tle-builder. One who can only 
nd his way
by moonlight, and his punishment is that he
sees the dawn before the rest of the world.Ž„
Oscar Wilde.
dream up
vt.
think up, concoct, *cook up, de-
vise, invent, hatch, imagine.
dreary
gloomy, dismal, bleak, gray, cheerless,
depressing, drab, colorless, somber, mourn-
ful, funereal.
. sunny, bright, cheerful.
dredge
clean, deepen, widen, dig up, unearth.
dregs
1. \f residue, grounds, dross,
Z9241i_D.indd 193
5/25/10 12:25:13 PM
sleeveless, 
gure-conforming shi
bra-shi
smock-like with high neckline and a yoke:
baby doll
snug and narrow with slashed back:
sheath
snug-
tting with narrow skirt slashed in
the back:
sheath
straight-cut, no waistline:
chemise, sack
strapless or halter-style:
sundress
straps, hanging straight down from:
slip
dress
tapering, V-shaped, with large shoulders,
dolman sleeves:
wedge
wool, buttoned or toggled, o
en profes-
sional:
coatdress
dress - drop
Z9241i_D.indd 194
5/25/10 12:25:13 PM
fall-o
, depreciation.
. 2. ascent, rise. 3.
increase, rise, elevation.
drop
dance party favorite:
drop - drunk(ard)
Z9241i_D.indd 195
5/25/10 12:25:14 PM
dry
1. \f \f\b\t\f dessicat
ed, waterless, ar-
id, parched, thirsty, droughty, evaporated,
anhydrous, withered. 2. \f\r\r boring, un-
interesting, prosaic, tedious, 
at, blah, *ho
hum, wearisome, *dull as dishwater, insip-
id, monotonous, sterile. 3. \f\b\r\r humor-
ous, sarcastic, satirical, deadpan.
. 1. wet,
moist, saturated. 2. interesting, fascinating.
dual
double, twofold, twin, duplex, binary,
matched.
. single, lone.
name, christen, label, title, designate,
term, nickname, tag, style, confer, denomi-
nate, baptize, knight.
DUBIOUS
[DOO bee us] doubtful or caus-
ing doubt, questionable, uncertain.
I was du-
bious about her chances of winning the lot-
tery.
 . doubtful, questionable, uncertain,
equivocal, inde
nite, unclear, unsure, dis-
putable, suspect, debatable, moot.
. cer-
tain, sure, indisputable.
duck
1. \r\b bow, crouch, stoop, dip, dou-
ble over, drop, bob, bend, hunker down. 2.
\t\f dodge, sidestep, elude, avoid, parry,
swerve, shun, steer clear. 3. \b sub-
merge, dunk, dip, plunge, sink.
. 1. rise,
straighten. 2. meet, confront.
duck soup
n. Sl.
childs play, *a snap, *a breeze,
cakewalk, *piece of cake, *turkey shoot,
*walkover.
duct
conduit, pipe, channel, passage, tube,
airway, chimney, smokestack, funnel.
dud
failure, bomb, lemon, bust, loser, *dog,
washout, 
zzle, *
op, disappointment.
.
success, *cocker, winner.
dude
Sl.
1.  man, *buddy, friend, *bro.
2. \t \b\f\b\f \t dandy, fop, Beau
Brummel, coxcomb, fashion plate, *peacock,
clotheshorse.
duds
 \r
due
compensation, payment, recompense,
*what is coming, rightful claim, reward,
*comeuppance, *just deserts.
due
1. \f in arrears, payable, unpaid,
outstanding, unsatis
dry - dump
Z9241i_D.indd 196
5/25/10 12:25:14 PM
hole, *pigpen, *pigsty, slum, *rathole, *toi-
plicity.
 . deceptiveness, deception, dou-
ble-dealing, being two-faced, guile, treach-
ery, backstabbing, *two-timing, deceit, dis-
loyalty, arti
ce, hypocrisy, dishonesty, *Ju-
. honesty, loyalty, artlessness,
straightforwardness.
durable
lasting, tough, rugged, sturdy, endur-
ing, strong, permanent, sound, stout, stable,
solid.
. fragile,
imsy, cheap, shoddy.
duration
period, time, age, span, term, run,
dump - dwindle
Z9241i_D.indd 197
5/25/10 12:25:14 PM
die down, drop, decay.
. increase, grow,
expand.
color, tint, pigment, tinge, stain.
DYED-IN-THE-WOOL
through and
through, to the very core, deep-down. 
senator had consistently shown himself to
be a dyed-in-the-wool conservative.  .
through and through, to the core, deep-
5/25/10 12:25:15 PM
each
every, all, respective, any, individual.
.
none.
each
adv.
apiece, per, individually, a person, *a
head, *a shot.
eager
enthusiastic, anxious, *champing at the
bit, desirous, itching, *gung ho, agog, im-
patient, *rarin to go, fervent, ardent, hun-
gry, intent, zealous.
. apathetic, indi
er-
ent, lukewarm.
eagle
raptor, bird of prey, Falconiforme. 

group of:
convocation
hooked beak, describing:
aquiline
aerie
eagle-eyed
sharp-eyed, hawk-eyed, keen-
eyed, perceptive, observant.
. dull-eyed,
unobservant.
ear
hearing organ, auditory organ. \b
e road
to the heart.Ž„Voltaire. \b
e gates to the
mind.Ž„Moses Ibn Ezra.
balance, inner organ of:
labyrinth
bones of:
anvil (incus), hammer (malleus),
stirrup (stapes); ossicles
deformity:
cauli\t
ower ear
doctor:
otologist
earache:
otalgia
eardrum:
tympanic membrane
external portion:
auricle, pinna
hereditary disorder
causing progressive
deafness:
otosclerosis
instrument:
otoscope
nerve:
auditory nerve
nerve deafness:
sensorineural deafness
ringing in:
tinnitus
spiral inner cavity:
cochlea
study of:
otology
swimmers ear:
otitis externa
vestigial point:
Darwins tubercle
cerumen
whirling, dizzy sensation due to inner ear
impairment:
vertigo
early
1. \n  \f\r \n\n\n preceding, pri-
or, initial, young, aboriginal, primal, prime-
val, primitive, antediluvian, maiden, origi-
nal, starting, ancient. 2. \f \n prema-
ture, ahead of time, beforehand, preceding,
advanced, immature, precocious.
. 1. re-
cent, modern, latter. 2. late, tardy.
earmark
characteristic, feature, mark, hall-
mark, trait, quality, signature, peculiarity,
trademark, stamp.
earmark
Z9241i_E.indd 199
5/25/10 12:25:16 PM
outermost shell:
crust, lithosphere
personi
cation of:
Gaea
pertaining to:
terrene
shape:
oblate spheroid
study of its shape, size:
geodesy
study of its structure:
tectonics, geology
asthenosphere, mantle, core
earthling
tellurian, inhabitant of earth, human
being, terra, man, woman, child of earth.
earthly
terrestrial, terrene, worldly, *down to
earth, physical, mundane, global, physical,
corporeal, mortal, temporal.
. spiritual,
ethereal, otherworldly, divine, heavenly.
earthquake
tremor, temblor, quake, seism,
*earthshake, shock, convulsion, upheaval,
cataclysm, *wake-up call.   \n
center of:
epicenter
Z9241i_E.indd 200
5/25/10 12:25:17 PM
citement, exhilarated, high-spirited, elec-
ed, e
ervescent, elated, enthusiastic, ir-
repressible, *going nuts, zestful, wild.
.
subdued, sedate, apathetic, somber.
eccentric
*nut, character, queer duck, origi-
nal, oddball, *weirdo, nonconformist, *ding-
a-ling, crank, loner, individual, free spirit,
one-of-a-kind, *\t
ake.
eccentric
odd, peculiar, weird, *nutty, queer,
-center, \t
aky, unconventional, idiosyn-
cratic, *o
the wall, deviant, *kinky, di
er-
ent, *da , *potty, irregular, nonconform-
ing.
. normal, conventional, ordinary.

eccentricity
quirk, peculiarity, oddity, idio-
syncracy, abnormality, foible, idiocrasy, cu-
riousity, irregularity, singularity, *kink.
ecclesiastical
churchly, religious, ministerial,
parochial, pastoral, clerical.
. lay, secular,
mundane.
ECHELON
[ESH uh lon] any one level in a
multi-level group.
It was the upper echelons
responsibility to devise new strategies.
level, hierarchy, rank, class, position, place,
tier, order.
echo
answer, reverberation, rebound, re\t
tion, reply, replication, repercussion, rep-
economy
1. \f\r\f saving, frugality, conserv-
ing, austerity, prudence, skimping, penny-
pinching. To pitch your scale of living one
degree below your means.Ž„Henry Taylor.
e art of making the most of life.Ž„George
Benard Shaw. 2. \n \f\n , \f \f  -
\n  \n  \n \n\f 
nances,
production, GNP, gross national product,
spending, distribution of wealth.
. 1. ex-
travagance, wastefulness, spending.
ban of import or export product:
embargo,
sanction
buying for want and status instead of need:
conspicuous consumption
collective annual value of all goods, ser-
Z9241i_E.indd 201
5/25/10 12:25:17 PM
Z9241i_E.indd 202
5/25/10 12:25:18 PM
ancy, animation, ebullience.
. 1. \n
atness.
2. lifelessness, listlessness, torpor.
ervescent
1.  bubbly, foaming, frothy,
carbonated. 2.   spirited, exuber-
ant, vital, lively, *zippy, buoyant, animated,
ebullient.
. 1. \n
at. 2. dead, lifeless, listless.
crumbed and buttered:
shirred eggs
laid at same time:
clutch
shape:
ovoid, ovate, oval
tester:
candler
white:
albumen
yolk:
vitellus
egghead
Sl.
intellectual, *brain, genius, *walk-
ing encyclopedia, *know-it-all.
. ignora-
mus, moron.
egg on
urge, incite, prod, encourage, spur,
push, prompt, goad, rally.
. discourage.
self, psyche, self-esteem, self-image, self-
respect.
egocentric
self-centered, sel
sh, egotistic,
self-absorbed, wrapped up in oneself, nar-
cissistic, vainglorious, conceited.
. giving,
other-directed, self-e
acing.
egotism
self-centeredness, sel
shness, ego-
ism, self-absorption, conceit, narcissism,
vainglory, arrogance, self-worship, vanity,
overcon
dence. \b
Z9241i_E.indd 203
5/25/10 12:25:18 PM
assembly every four years to elect presi-
dential candidate:
national convention
attack on opposing candidate:
mudsling-
ing, smear campaign
candidate list:
Z9241i_E.indd 204
5/25/10 12:25:18 PM
earth or other large body to which circuit
is connected to prevent noise interfer-
ence:
ground
generator:
dynamo
material capable of carrying current with
little resistance:
conductor
particle, electri
ed:
ion
poor conductor and a poor insulator:
semiconductor
restrictor of currents 
ow:
insulator
stores electrical charge:
capacitor
unit of:
amp, ampere, ohm, volt, watt, joule
zero resistance of current:
superconductivity
electrify
thrill, shock, startle, stun, excite, daz-
zle, stir, daze, jolt, *give one a charge, stagger,
*take ones breath away.
. bore.
electronics
integrated circuitry, transistors,
chips, solid state components.  \f-
, \f\f
elegance
neness, re
nement, grace, opu-
lence, luxuriousness, high style, beauty,
grandeur, class, tastefulness, sophistication,
poshness, polish.
elegant
ne, re
ned, graceful, opulent, luxu-
rious, high-styled, stylish, beautiful, grand,
classy, tasteful, sophisticated, posh, cultured,
fashionable, polished.
. coarse, crude,
unre\b
ned, tacky.
elegiac
sad, sorrowful, mournful, plaintive.
. upli
ing, inspiring, happy.
elegy
dirge, lamentation, lament, funeral
song, requiem.
element
component, ingredient, constituent,
tusk:
ivory
young:
elephantine
mammoth, gargantuan, jumbo.
. tiny, puny, wee.
 \r
elevate
1.   li
, upli
, hoist, escalate, hike
up, jack up, heighten. 2. \f advance,
raise, enhance, improve, upgrade, boost,
heighten, aggrandize, exalt.
. lower, drop,
degrade.
elevated
lo
y, exalted, noble, grand, eminent,
high, upstanding, distinguished, admirable,
*put on a pedestal.
. lowly, inferior, humble.
elevation
height, altitude, eminence, high
ground, prominence, rise, hill, mountain, li
elevator
, hoist.
gnome, fairy, hob, pixy, imp, brownie,
sprite, dwarf, leprechaun.
mischievous, prankish, impish, playful,
sprightly, small, \t
Z9241i_E.indd 205
5/25/10 12:25:18 PM
eloquence
persuasiveness, \t
uency, forceful-
feminate, debilitate, enervate, render inef-
fectual, so
Z9241i_E.indd 206
5/25/10 12:25:19 PM
oration, beauti
cation, embroidery, exagger-
ation, enrichment.
embers
ashes, coals, cinders, clinkers, sparks.
 
[em BEZ ul] to steal, especial-
ly when in a position of trust, to commit
fraud.
To embezzle company funds and get
caught means certain jail time.
\n. steal, de-
fraud, misappropriate, cheat, defalcate, pur-
loin, *have ones hand in the till, 
lch, swin-
dle, peculate, *cook the books.
embittered
bitter, resentful, hostile, disa
ed, sour, disillusioned, spiteful, cynical, irri-
tated, sore, rankled.
emblazon
ornament, color, paint, decorate,
embellish.
emblem
symbol, badge, design, representa-
tion, crest, trademark, coat of arms, colors,
insignia, mark, attribute, image.
emblematic
symbolic, representative.
embodiment
representation, personi
cation,
incarnation, materialization, manifestation,
realization, incorporation, exempli
cation.
embody
represent, personify, incarnate, man-
ifest, realize, stand for, incorporate, materi-
alize, substantiate, symbolize.
embolden
encourage, hearten, buoy, reassure,
pu
up, invigorate, boost, psych up, *give
pep talk.
. frighten, cow, unnerve.
emboss
Z9241i_E.indd 207
5/25/10 12:25:19 PM
empathize
identify with, relate to, under-
stand, comprehend, sympathize, stand in
ones shoes, *be on the same wavelength.
EMPATHY
[EM puh thee] understanding
or sharing of anothers feelings, thoughts,
Z9241i_E.indd 208
5/25/10 12:25:19 PM
encircle
encompass, surround, circle, cir-
cumscribe, band, ring, girdle, envelop, hoop,
wreath.
enclose
1. \r\f \n surround, *hem in, pen,
con
ne, imprison, encompass, fence o
, cir-
cumscribe, corral. 2. \n\f enter, put in,
include, add.
encode
encrypt, cryptograph, cipher, cypher,
Z9241i_E.indd 209
5/25/10 12:25:20 PM
power, tenacity, *starch, *moxie, *heart,
strength, hardiness.
1.   hold out, live through, with-
stand, tolerate, *stick it out, brave, su
er,
weather, stand, *ride out, take it, *go through
the mill, *hang in, brook. 2. \n\f\n per-
sist, last, abide, perdure, sustain, go on, out-
last, survive, prevail.
. 1. give out, cave in,
collapse, quit. 2. peter out, die, end.
enemy
foe, adversary, antagonist, oppo-
nent, rival, villain, contestant, hostile par-
ty, contender, nemesis, archenemy, *bad
guy. [One who] strengthens our nerves and
sharpens our skill.Ž „Edmund Burke. An
injured friend.Ž „\b
omas Je
erson.
energetic
vigorous, peppy, active, lively, in-
dustrious, *zippy, tireless, spirited, full of
vim and vigor, *bright-eyed and bushy-
tailed, vibrant, sprightly, *high octane.
.
tired, slothful, lethargic.
energize
activate, invigorate, stimulate, spark,
enliven, electrify, pep up, refresh, turn on,
*pump up.
. exhaust, sap, tire.
energy
power, force, steam, strength, juice,
Z9241i_E.indd 210
5/25/10 12:25:20 PM
inscrutable, bewildering, unexplainable.
. known, obvious, clear, plain.
enjoin
1.  \n impose, order, dictate,
prescribe, demand, ordain, decree, charge. 2.
\r\f forbid, ban, proscribe, outlaw, in-
terdict.
. 2. allow, permit.
enjoy
take pleasure in, delight in, relish, ap-
preciate, revel in, savor, luxuriate in, *eat up,
5/25/10 12:25:20 PM
ensuing
following, succeeding, resulting, sub-
sequent, consequent, next, a
er.
. pre-
ceeding, prior, earlier.
assure, make sure, guarantee, warrant,
insure, certify, secure, safeguard, con
rm.
entail
involve, necessitate, require, call for, oc-
casion, include, contain, incorporate.
entangle
enmesh, tangle, snarl, entrap, in-
volve, embroil, mix up, rope in, intertwine,
trap, catch up, *suck in.
entanglement
knot, snare, di
culty, prob-
lem, quandary, predicament, embroilment,
web, mess, involvement, mix-up.
entente
understanding, agreement, accord,
Z9241i_E.indd 212
5/25/10 12:25:20 PM
[on truh pruh NUR] one
who starts and runs her own business.
Sev-
eral entrepreneurs moved in to revitalize the
downtown district.
\n. businessman/wom-
envy
Z9241i_E.indd 213
5/25/10 12:25:21 PM
illumination, grasp, understanding; appear-
ance, manifestation.
episode
incident, event, occurrence, happen-
ing, occasion, experience, action, install-
ment, chapter, part.
episodic
intermittent, sporadic, segmented,
irregular, sequential.
. frequent, recur-
rent, regular.
epistle
communication, message, composi-
tion, missive.  \f\f
epitaph
inscription, memorial, legend, com-
Z9241i_E.indd 214
5/25/10 12:25:21 PM
structure, edi
ce. 2. \f\n *hard-on.
 \n
adv.
consequently, therefore, thus, accord-
ingly.
ERGONOMICS
[ur go NOM iks] the science
of designing spaces and equipment that fa-
cilitate human comfort and productivi-
ty, especially for work.
An ergonomic study
showed that back problems decreased when
chairs were adjusted to the proper height.
design science, e
ciency science, science of
productivity and design, streamlining, inju-
ry-proo
ng, accident-proo
ng.
erode
wear away, corrode, waste, gnaw, con-
ergo - escrow
Z9241i_E.indd 215
5/25/10 12:25:21 PM
Eskimo
Innuit, Alaskan, Aleut, Yuit.
boat:
umiak, oomiac, kayak
boot:
mukluk
dog:
husky, malamute
Z9241i_E.indd 216
5/25/10 12:25:22 PM
icate.
His musical compositions were haunt-
EUTHANASIA
[yoo than AY szhuh] mer-
cy killing.
Euthanasia proponents allow for
suicide as a permanent treatment for misery.
\n. mercy killing, assisted suicide, *put-
ting out of misery, *putting to sleep, *pull-
ing the plug, easing of death, *playing God.
 
advocate, pioneer:
Dr. Jack Kevorkian
doctor-assisted suicide:
patholysis
evacuate
1.   withdraw, vacate, abandon,
*run for the hills, hightail, clear out, *skedad-
dle, *bail out, decamp. 2. \f discharge,
Z9241i_E.indd 217
5/25/10 12:25:22 PM
evening
nightfall, twilight, dusk, sundown,
tortured by its own hunger and thirst.Ž„Ka-
hil Gibran.
. morality, goodness, righ-
teousness.
evil
immoral, bad, wicked, depraved, demon-
ic, sinful, villainous, heinous, malicious, in-
iquitous, atrocious, foul, black, damnable,
nefarious, malevolent.
. good, moral,
righteous, virtuous.
evildoer
criminal, devil, sociopath, psycho-
path, felon, *Hitler, murderer, sinner, law-
breaker, gangster, servant of Satan, gang-
banger.
evince
show, indicate, disclose, prove, display.
eviscerate
disembowel, gut, clean.
evoke
summon, call forth, conjure up, extract,
elicit, invite, cause, stimulate, rouse, awaken.
evolution
*survival of the 
ttest, phyloge-
ny, development, progression, succession,
transformation, change, growth, mutation,
evening - evolution
Z9241i_E.indd 218
5/25/10 12:25:22 PM
quick bursts, theory that evolution may
evolve - excellent
Z9241i_E.indd 219
5/25/10 12:25:22 PM
except
leave out, omit, exclude, pass over,
eliminate, overlook, reject, remove, bar.
exception
1. \n exclusion, barring, ex-
pulsion, rejection. 2.  \f anoma-
ly, special case, exemption, departure, odd-
ity, deviation, rarity, quirk. 3. #\f\n
complaint, challenge, reservation.
exceptional
irregular, anomalous, extraordi-
nary, atypical, outstanding, unusual, special,
abnormal, singular, rare, remarkable, freak-
ish, unique.
. normal, typical, common,
everyday.
excerpt
passage, section, cut, selection, part,
extract, citation, clip, scene, bit.
excess
1.  glut, overabundance, su-
perabundance, overkill, fat, redundancy,
surfeit, super\t
uity, overrun, *too much of a
Z9241i_E.indd 220
5/25/10 12:25:23 PM
*song and dance, extenuation, *cover story,
*whitewash, plea.
excuse
pardon, forgive, absolve, condone,
overlook, make allowances for, exonerate,
Z9241i_E.indd 221
5/25/10 12:25:23 PM
EXHAUSTIVE
[ex ZAWS tiv] thorough,
painstaking.
e detectives made an ex-
haustive search of the crime scene.
\n. thor-
ough, painstaking, comprehensive, in-depth,
Z9241i_E.indd 222
5/25/10 12:25:23 PM
expediency
suitability, appropriateness, prop-
erness, usefulness, convenience, utility, ad-
vantage, e
ectiveness, opportunism.
EXPEDIENT
[ek SPEE dee unt] serving ones
immediate needs, useful.
It would be expedi-
ent to study if you want to pass the test.
useful, advantageous, practical, self-serving,
prudent, pro
table, 
tting, sensible, proper,
worthwhile, desirable.
. impractical, use-
less, futile.
expedient
resource, makeshi
, contrivance,
means, measure, instrument, resort, device,
scheme, stopgap.
EXPEDITE
[EK spi DITE] to speed up or fa-
cilitate a process or action.
Im going to expe-
dite delivery by mailing the package \b
rst class.
\n. speed up, facilitate, accelerate, hurry,
quicken, hasten, prec
ipitate, rush, *grease
the wheels, advance, dispatch.
. slow, bog
down, hinder.
expedition
journey, voyage, trip, mission,
march, tour, excursion, trek, campaign, ex-
Z9241i_E.indd 223
5/25/10 12:25:24 PM
explanation
clari
cation, illustration, expli-
Z9241i_E.indd 224
5/25/10 12:25:24 PM
expressway
highway, freeway, beltway, turn-
pike, causeway, interstate, autobahn.
expulsion
discharge, exile, banishment, ejec-
tion, eviction, ouster, *the boot, *history, ex-
patriation, deportment, removal, exclusion.
. inclusion, welcoming, receiving.
expunge
Z9241i_E.indd 225
5/25/10 12:25:24 PM
extraordinary
unusual, exceptional, remark-
able, uncommon, rare, striking, singu-
lar, strange, odd, phenomenal, outstanding,
marvelous, unprecedented, wondrous.
.
ordinary, usual, common.
EXTRAPOLATE
[ek STRAP uh late] to in-
fer or draw conclusions from what is known.
Although it is not known for sure, many sci-
entists extrapolate that life exists on other
worlds.
\n. infer, conclude, deduce, *put
two and two together, 
gure, guess, hypoth-
esize, postulate, theorize, assume, presume,
*make an educated guess.
extrasensory perception
ESP, psychic pow-
ers, *third eye, telepathy, clairvoyance, tel-
esthesia.
extraterrestrial
alien, space being, *E.T., un-
earthly visitor, *little green man, *visitor
1. \f edge, tip, boundary, out-
er limit, periphery, border, verge, terminus,
margin, brink. 2. \n  limb, leg, arm,
hand, foot.
extricate
Z9241i_E.indd 226
5/25/10 12:25:25 PM
blindness caused by loss of retinas rods:
retinitis pigmentosa
blue eye, brown eye, having one of each:
helerochroma iridis
bulging, protruding:
exophthalmic
cavity:
peripheral distortion:
astigmatism
pertaining to:
ocular
pressure build-up causing visual defects,
glaucoma
pupil contraction:
myosis
seeing double:
diplopia
sunken:
Z9241i_E.indd 227
5/25/10 12:25:25 PM
fable
myth, tale, parable, legend, allegory,
story, yarn, 
ction, old wives tale, moral,
fantasy.
fabled
mythical, legendary, famous, storied,
fanciful, 
ctitious, make-believe, fantastic.
fabric
1.  material, textile, 
ber, weave,
dry goods, stu\b
. 2. \t\n \f\r substance, struc-
ture, framework, constitution, texture.
canvas:
duckcloth, sailcloth
crinkled:
crepe, seersucker
decorated with many small, colorful print
designs:
drape, upholstery fabric of glazed cotton:
chintz
dress fabric used in evening wear:
faille
edging preventing raveling:
selvage
lling:
we
nap
gingham, light:
chambray
glossy:
silk, woven:
tricot
sheer:
gauze, organza, batiste, voile, chi\b
on,
gossamer
sheets, bed:
muslin, percale
shiny, imitation silk:
poplin
shiny, rustling:
ta\b
Z9241i_F.indd 228
5/25/10 12:25:27 PM
e portrait of the mind.Ž„Samuel Coleridge.
e shorthand of the mind. „Jeremy Col-
lier. A book where men may read strange
matters.Ž„Shakespeare. 
e title page which
heralds the contents of the human volume.Ž„
William Matthews. O entimes the true in-
dex of the heart.Ž„James Howell. \f\f \f\f-
, \f\f, , \t\r, \f, -\n\f,
\t\f 2.  exterior, surface, appearance,
mask, semblance, disguise, facade.
Z9241i_F.indd 229
5/25/10 12:25:27 PM
loss, bust, *dog, *turkey, debacle. A school in
which the truth always grows strong.Ž„Hen-
ry Ward Beecher. Not the falling down, but
the staying down.Ž„Mary Pickford. 
highway to success.Ž„John Keats. 2. \f
*down-and-outer, *also-ran, 
op, sti\b
, incom-
Z9241i_F.indd 230
5/25/10 12:25:27 PM
green cheese on the moon were fallacious.
.
erroneous, incorrect, false, untrue, faulty,
wrong, deceiving, unfounded, mistaken, spu-
rious, invalid.
. true, valid, substantiated.
FALLACY
[FAL uh see] a mistaken be-
lief, false notion.
e belief that the moon is
made of green cheese is a fallacy.
take, misconception, error, false notion, illu-
sion, delusion, untruth, falsehood, sophist-
Z9241i_F.indd 231
5/25/10 12:25:28 PM
fan
blower, cooler, wind machine, ventilator,
air conditioner.
fanatic
zealot, extremist, radical, enthusi-
ast, devotee, follower, militant, bigot, disci-
ple, nut. 
e gad
ight of fancy, *castle in the air, reverie,
whimsy, conception, hallucination, chimera,
*fools paradise.
. reality, real world.
far
distant, remote, removed, far-o\b
, far-
ung, out-of-the-way, outlying.
. near,
close, at hand.
farce
1. \t\f slapstick, burlesque, lam-
poon, satire, parody, *knee-slapper, absurdi-
ty, low comedy, travesty, silliness. 2. \n\r-
Z9241i_F.indd 232
5/25/10 12:25:28 PM
cutting edge of moldboard plow:
plowshare
cylindrical storage building for fodder:
descriptive:
rolling patchwork; regiment of
corn; pastoral quilting; stubble 
elds of
Autumn; Irish green 
elds; weathered,
swayback barn; plodding dra
animals;
rooting pigs; hens scratching in the dirt
farming:
husbandry
farming to feed family only with crops:
sistence farming
feed for livestock:
fodder
fertilizer:
manure, compost, 
sh meal, bone
meal
fodder that has been stored:
silage
grain storage building:
granary
grazing land for animals:
pasture
harvesting machine that cuts, threshes,
cleans, bags grain:
combine
hay cutter:
mower, sickle, scythe
hayfork:
pitchfork
hay grass, most common in United States:
timothy
hay pile (long) le
to dry in 
eld:
windrow
hay pile shaped like cone:
haycock
horse enclosure:
corral
implement having spikes or disks for
breaking clods, re
ning soil:
harrow
subsistence farm, small:
cro
tenant farmer who works for a share of the
crop:
sharecropper
unplowed strip of land at end of furrows:
headland
wedge-shaped plow of yesterday:
mold-
board plow
cultivate, grow, sow, plow, till, raise
crops, plant, practice husbandry, work the
soil, *scratch out a meager existence, garden,
homestead, ranch.
agriculturist, cultivator, planter, grow-
er, agrarian, agronomist, granger, sodbuster,
rustic, *hayseed, *clodhopper, gardener,
sharecropper, rancher, husbandman. 
staunchest soldiers.Ž„Cato. A handy man
with a sense of humus.Ž„Edward B. White.
farming
husbandry, agriculture, agronomy,
cultivation, crop-raising, sharecropping,
harvesting, agribusiness, growing, tillage,
working the land, homesteading, ranching.
e 
rst and most precious of all the arts.Ž„
omas Je\b
erson. A school of patience: you
cant hurry the crops or make an ox in two
days.Ž„Emile C. Alain.
far-out
Sl.
wild, *cool, *groovy, weird, *rad
*deep.
far-reaching
extensive, wide-ranging, wide-
spread, broad, sweeping, pervasive.
.
limited, restricted, small scale.
farsighted
foresighted, prescient, wise, shrewd,
judicious, perceptive, provident, thoughtful.
. shortsighted, nearsighted, myopic, tun-
nel-visioned.
fart
atulence, *barking spider, *ill wind,
*call of the wood duck.
fart
Z9241i_F.indd 233
5/25/10 12:25:28 PM
way, craze, manner, design, cut. What one
wears himself; what is unfashionable is what
other people wear.Ž„Oscar Wilde. Some-
thing that goes out of style as soon as most
people have one.Ž„Sylvia Bremer. Beauti-
ful things which always become ugly with
time.Ž„Jean Cocteau. A despot whom the
wise ridicule and obey.Ž„Ambrose Bierce.
calico dresses with long sleeves:
prairie look
cowboy shirts, jeans, string ties, tooled-
Z9241i_F.indd 234
5/25/10 12:25:29 PM
fatality
death, casualty, victim, dead.
fate
Z9241i_F.indd 235
5/25/10 12:25:29 PM
favoritism
partiality, bias, prejudice, discrim-
ination, one-sidedness, preferential treat-
ment, unfairness, partisanship, nepotism.
FAWN
[FAWN] to 
atter, cater to and gener-
ally fall all over someone in order to please.
Mary always fawns over the boss.
. cringe,
atter, *kiss up to, *bootlick, *brownnose,
toady, grovel, kowtow, bow and scrape, *ap-
ple polish, truckle to.
fawning
servile, sycophantic, deferential, slav-
ish, groveling, subservient, cringing, 
atter-
ing, *brownnosing, kowtowing, submissive,
obsequious.
. forthright, domineering.
facsimile, copy, transmission, reproduc-
tion, duplicate, document, image, electronic
message.
copy, transmit, send, relay, deliver, for-
ward, convey.
faze
disturb, disconcert, bother, perturb, up-
ing with goosebumps; quaking knees;
throat closes spastically; gulp; swallow
dryly; swallow a lump in throat; knot
constricting throat; breath raw in ones
throat; shudder; heart 
uttering/pound-
ing/palpitating/hammering/perform-
ing 
ip-
ops; breath quickens; blood
pounds in ones throat; trap door (sen-
sation) opening in pit of belly; nauseat-
ing spurts of adrenalin coursing through
veins; gasp; gulp air furiously; feel para-
lyzed; feel strangely semipresent or dis-
embodied, as if in a dream; events ap-
pearing in slow motion; wring hands;
Z9241i_F.indd 236
5/25/10 12:25:29 PM
feature
1. \n\n\f aspect, compo-
nent, element, point, item, quality, attribute,
highlight, mark, trait, hallmark, property. 2.
\t\n  headliner, highlight, drawing
card, special attraction.
feature
showcase, highlight, emphasize, spot-
light, star, stress, play up, headline, give
prominence to, underscore.
featureless
nondescript, plain, unadorned,
stark, minimalist, bland.
. just, detailed,
busy.
febrile
feverish, hot, 
ushed.
February
e most serious charge which
can be brought against New England.Ž„Jo-
seph Krutch.
feces
excrement, dung, stools, *crap.
feckless
ective, futile, meaningless,
worthless, purposeless.
. purposeful.
[FEE kund] fertile and productive.
A photograph of a fecund farmscape accom-
panied the article.
. fertile, productive,
fruitful, proli
c, bounteous, rich, generat-
ing, teeming, potent.
. sterile, barren, im-
potent.
Fed
Sl.
government o
cial, bureaucrat, pol-
itician, government regulator, government
administrator, o
ceholder, government au-
thority. \f\f \f\t\f, 
federation
confederacy, union, league, alli-
ance, partnership, amalgamation, syndicate,
fraternity, association.
fee
charge, price, commission, payment, toll,
due, bill, cost, expense, percentage, consid-
eration, remuneration, compensation.
feeble
weak, ine\b
ective, frail, enervated, im-
potent, *wimpy, lame, powerless, fragile,
inadequate, ine\b
ectual, debilitated, sickly,
slight, faint, meager.
. powerful, potent,
strong, e\t
ective.
feebleminded
mentally retarded, slow, dull-
witted, imbecilic, stupid, dumb, moronic,
*weak in the head, subnormal, *airheaded,
bovine.
. brilliant, *brainy, intelligent.
feed
food, fodder, ensilage, silage, forage, pas-
turage, vittles, *grub, provisions.
feed
nourish, fuel, 
ll, sustain, provide, *wine
and dine, serve, provision, foster, cater,
maintain, give, *stu\b
, cram. \f\f \f\n
feedback
response, answer, evaluation, reply,
observation, criticism, fallout, reverberation,
echo, assessment, *pulse of the nation, ba-
Z9241i_F.indd 237
5/25/10 12:25:29 PM
felon
criminal, larcenist, lawbreaker, convict,
outlaw, malefactor, miscreant, *hood, gang-
ster, ma
oso, crook, recidivist.
FELONIOUS
[fuh LOW nee us] evil, wick-
ed, designating serious criminal behavior.
Armed robbery is a felonious act.
. evil,
wicked, base, criminal, larcenous, villain-
ous, vicious, corrupt, lawbreaking, illegal,
immoral.
. virtuous, law-abiding, moral,
upstanding.
felony
crime, serious crime, o\b
ense, atrocity,
evil, sin, violation, murder, rape, arson, as-
sault, robbery. \f\f \n, \f, \r
female
girl, woman, lady, *she, femme, gal,
matron, sister.
feminine
female, womanly, girlish, ladylike,
so
, gentle, genteel, e\b
eminate.
. mascu-
line, manly, macho.
femme fatale
deadly woman, siren, seduc-
tress.
fence
enclosure, barrier, barricade, boundary,
wall, rail, paling, palisade, hedge.
cattle-enclosing:
barbed wire fence
 sh-catching fence made of stakes:
weir
post and rail:
post and rail fence
screen of wood strips:
lattice
stake fence:
run toward opponent with arm extended:
eché
score:
hit
Z9241i_F.indd 238
5/25/10 12:25:30 PM
Z9241i_F.indd 239
5/25/10 12:25:30 PM
come true.Ž„Courtney Cooper. Imagining
Z9241i_F.indd 240
5/25/10 12:25:30 PM
dent is just a 
gurehead; the real leadership
Z9241i_F.indd 241
5/25/10 12:25:31 PM
strip of land cleared to stop 
re spread:
rebreak
wall designed to withstand intense heat
re wall
worshipper:
pyrolater
re
1.  discharge, shell, pull the trig-
Z9241i_F.indd 242
5/25/10 12:25:31 PM
reworks
pyrotechnics, incendiary devices,
Z9241i_F.indd 243
5/25/10 12:25:31 PM
spear:
harpoon, ga\b
spinner lures quickly on top of water to
simulate splashing of injured 
sh, pull-
ing:
buzzing
strength of a line, measure of the:
test
taking of bait by 
strike
trolling rig or setup, multiple:
outrigger
up and down motion imparted on bait to
jigging
weight:
sinker
wobbling lure resembling a spoon:
spoon
shwife
bitch, scold, witch, hag, *battleax,
nag, crab, complainer, grumbler.
shy
suspicious, doubtful, shady, unbeliev-
able, incredible, shady, questionable, dubi-
ous, slippery, not kosher.
. plausible, be-
lievable, credible.
FISSION
[FISH un] the splitting of an atom
and its conversion to energy; nuclear 
ssion.
Fission is what makes an atom go boom.
splitting, dividing, scission, parting, cleav-
age, nuclear 
ssion, splitting the atom, atom
smashing, atomic reaction.
. fusion.
\f\f
\r\f\n \t, \n\t\t\r
ssure
cle
, crack, groove, crevice, crevasse,
crack, chasm, fracture, fault, ri
, slit.
seizure, convulsion, paroxysm, spasm, at-
tack, *spaz, throe, bout, conniption, out-
burst, spell, frenzy.
correspond, accord, jibe, harmonize, match,
predicament, mess, jam, *stew, di
culty,
Z9241i_F.indd 244
5/25/10 12:25:31 PM
signaling pennant used on boats:
burgee
weaken, wilt, tire, become limp, languish,
wilt, droop, fade, wane, ebb, sink, diminish,
die.
. strengthen, invigorate, energize.
agellate
og, lash. \f\f 
FLAGRANT
[FLA grunt] outrageous or glar-
ing.
He was ejected from the game a\n
er com-
mitting his second \b
agrant foul.
. outra-
geous, glaring, blatant, audacious, shame-
less, brazen, undisguised, gross, conspicu-
ous, barefaced, 
aunted, disgraceful, egre-
gious, extreme.
. inconspicuous, subtle,
slight, sneaky.
Z9241i_F.indd 245
5/25/10 12:25:32 PM
atulent
1. \n windy. 2. \f\f\r
pompous, windy, long-winded, bombastic,
verbose.
aunt
show o\b
, strut, display, parade, wave,
ash, exhibit, spotlight, swagger, peacock,
broadcast, advertise, vaunt.
. hide, cover
up, conceal.
avor
1. \n\f savor, sapor, tincture, piquan-
cy, tang, zing, seasoning, spiciness, saltiness,
Z9241i_F.indd 246
5/25/10 12:25:32 PM
ood
deluge, inundation, torrent, over
ow,
outpouring, gush, rush, surge, wave, tsu-
nami, downpour, cloudburst, gullywasher,
*rain of biblical proportion, cataclysm.
ood
deluge, inundate, over
ow, gush, rush,
surge, overwhelm, drown, engulf, submerge,
swamp, 
ush, drench, saturate.
oor
1. \t footing, base, 
ooring,
Z9241i_F.indd 247
5/25/10 12:25:32 PM
ortless, glib, natural, *silver-tongued.
.
halting, \b
oundering, tongue-tied.
down, 
eece, fuzz, eiderdown, wool.
downy, feathery, so
, 
eecy, 
ossy,
woolly, silky.
. \b
at, hard.
uid
liquid, water, juice, aqua.
uid
1. !\r lique
ed, watery, 
owing,
hurry, *hightail, hustle, scoot, *make a mad
dash, *go like the wind, scurry, *go o\b
like a
Z9241i_F.indd 248
5/25/10 12:25:33 PM
FOIBLE
[FOY bul] a minor weakness or fault.
Reporters regularly expose the foibles of those
in the public eye.
. weakness, fault, short-
coming, de
ciency, Achilles heel, 
aw, fail-
ing, frailty, imperfection, quirk, vice, chink.
. asset, strength, strong point.
foil
contrast, complement, antithesis, back-
ground.
foil
thwart, frustrate, balk, check, ba#
e, im-
pede, outsmart, circumvent, stymie, prevent,
checkmate, stop, outwit, counter, hamstring,
spoil, *throw up a roadblock.
. aid, assist,
ness, idiocy, fatuity. A vigorous plant, which
sheds abundant seed.Ž„Isaac DIsraeli.
.
good sense, intelligence, wisdom, *wise move.
foment
instigate, incite, st
ir up, agitate, spark,
re, excite, arouse, provoke, spur, egg on,
galvanize, *fan the 
ames.
. extinguish,
suppress, dampen, check.
fond
ectionate, loving, attached, tender,
doting, close, warm, adoring, caring, devot-
Z9241i_F.indd 249
5/25/10 12:25:33 PM
center of defensive line:
nose guard, nose
tackle
defends against passes and runs into the
back
eld:
defensive back, safety, cor-
nerback
defensive back
eld:
secondary
defensive players just behind linemen:
linebackers
downing of ball in o
enses end zone, two
points to defense:
safety
encroaching into opposing teams side be-
fore ball is snapped:
side, encroach-
ment
extra point kick a
er touchdown:
conver-
sion
faking a hando
and running with ball
hidden behind hip:
bootleg
faking a hando
to running back, who
run and hando
to player running in op-
posite direction:
reverse
score:
touchdown
sideways or backwards pass:
lateral
six back defense:
dime defense
slamming ball down in end zone a
scoring touchdown:
spike
surprise run by quarterback:
quarterback
sneak
surprise rush:
blitz
tackle with arm swung into opponents
neck or head:
clothesline
footing
foot, foothold, foundation, establish-
ment, position, toehold, basis, beachhead,
bridgehead, vantage.
footloose
free, unrestricted, fancy-free, un-
encumbered, unattached, roving, unte-
thered, liberated, uninhibited.
. restrict-
ed, bound, shackled.
footprint
track, footmark, impression, tread.
fop
dandy, clotheshorse, dude, coxcomb, pea-
cock, popinjay, fashion plate, Beau Brum-
mel, poseur, *pretty boy.
for
prep.
1.  \f \f\f  on behalf of. 2.
 \n  in support of.
forage
search, look for, hunt, sni\b out, scav-
enge, rummage, explore, root out, seek, raid,
plunder.
foray
raid, plunder, pillage, ransack, loot, rav-
age, attack, invade, maraud, assault.
forbear
refrain, avoid, resist temptation, ab-
stain, lay o\b
, desist, shun, eschew, go with-
out, hold back, forgo, endure, tolerate, bear.
forbearance
restraint, self-control, absti-
nence, refraining, avoidance, desistance, tol-
erance, patience, mercy. To forgive an en-
emy who has been shorn of power.Ž„Elbert
Hubbard.
. impatience, intolerance.
forbid
prohibit, proscribe, disallow, ban, out-
law, enjoin, restrict, veto, make o\b
limits, ta-
boo, interdict, stop.
. allow, permit, ap-
prove.
forbidden
prohibited, proscribed, banned,
outlawed, verboten, restricted, o\b
limits, ve-
toed, taboo, disallowed.
. allowed, per-
mitted, approved of.
forbidden fruit
\f\f \n
forbidding
threatening, ominous, dangerous,
frightening, scary, uninviting, foreboding,
sinister, disagreeable, unfriendly.
. invit-
ing, friendly, alluring.
force
1. \f strength, vigor, might, energy,
velocity, momentum, pressure, horsepow-
er, *muscle, drive, pull, weight, stress, poten-
footing - force
Z9241i_F.indd 250
5/25/10 12:25:33 PM
foremost
chief, 
rst, leading, head, principal,
primary, preeminent, main, paramount, su-
preme, 
rst, uppermost.
. bottom, least,
lowest.
forensic
arguable, controversial, debatable,
moot, judicial.
. certain, incontrovertible.
foreplay
fondling, warm-up, sexual activity,
Z9241i_F.indd 251
5/25/10 12:25:33 PM
forfeit
penalty, 
ne, forfeiture, damages, fee,
forfeit
lose, surrender, give up, relinquish,
sacri
ce, yield.
forge
1. \t make, manufacture, shape, fab-
ricate, mold, contrive, fashion, hammer out,
cast, devise, invent. 2. \r\f\f copy,
falsify, trace, reproduce, imitate, simulate.
forgery
fake, counterfeit, fraud, copy, imita-
tion, simulation, falsi
cation, sham.
Z9241i_F.indd 252
5/25/10 12:25:34 PM
fort
fortress, forti
cation, stronghold, cita-
del, garrison, defense, army post, battlement.
\f\f \n\f
FORTE
Z9241i_F.indd 253
5/25/10 12:25:34 PM
fountain
3. !\r\f build, body, 
gure, shape, anat-
omy.
frame
Z9241i_F.indd 254
5/25/10 12:25:34 PM
fray
shred, ravel, unravel, come apart, tear,
tatter, rip.
frazzle
stress out, exhaust, wear out, drain.
freak
abnormality, anomaly, weirdo, aberra-
tion, mutant, *geek, monster, monstrosity,
deformity, curiosity, oddity, *oddball. \f\f
\t\f
freak
v. Sl.
*freak out, * ip out, *wig out, *go bal-
listic, *lose it.
freak
anomalous, aberrant, weird, abnormal,
unusual, irregular, atypical, extraordinary.
. normal, typical, usual.
freakish
abnormal, anomalous, weird, ab-
errant, unusual, irregular, quirky, atypical,
extraordinary, strange, outlandish, bizarre.
. normal, regular, usual.
freak out
Sl.
go crazy, *go nuts, *go banan-
as, *go ballistic, *lose ones mind, *see things,
hallucinate, *
ip out, *wig out.
free
1. \r\f\f liberated, at liberty,
emancipated, footloose, independent, au-
tonomous, self-governing, unrestrained,
loose, uncon
ned, sovereign. 2. 
 gratis, *on the house, compli-
mentary, no charge. 3. \r\r\f clear,
open, available, vacant, unused, empty, un-
engaged. 4. \f\f\r lavish, liberal, open-
handed, giving, muni
cent.
. 1. restrict-
ed, enslaved, dependent, imprisoned. 2. cost-
ing, *dear, expensive. 3. occupied, busy. 4.
cheap, stingy, *tight.
free
Z9241i_F.indd 255
5/25/10 12:25:35 PM
friend
con
dant, pal, *buddy, companion,
sidekick, alter ego, chum, playmate, *soul
mate, *bro, crony, amigo. A person with
whom you dare to be yourself.Ž„Frank
Crane. 
e medicine of life.Ž„
e Bible.
e best mirror.Ž„George Herbert. One
who walks in when the rest of the world
walks out.Ž„Walter Winchell.
. enemy,
adversary, stranger.
friendly
sociable, amiable, warm, approach-
able, amicable, *buddy-buddy, companion-
able, neighborly, a\b
ectionate, hospitable,
*chummy, outgoing, intimate, close, familiar.
. hostile, distant, cool, aloof, stando
sh.
friendship
companionship, comradeship, fel-
lowship, camaraderie, neighborliness, rela-
tionship, intimacy, amity, a\b
ection, rapport,
nity, pact, tie. To feel as one while re-
Z9241i_F.indd 256
5/25/10 12:25:35 PM
FRUGAL
[FROO gul] careful not to be
wasteful, thri
y.
Hes so frugal he manages to
pay for everything in cash.
. thri
y, eco-
nomical, unwasteful, conserving, sparing,
saving, penny-pinching, stingy, scrimping,
*nickel-squeezing, parsimonious, tight.
.
extravagant, wasteful, lavish, spending.
fruit
1. \r\f drupe, harvest, crop. 2. \f-
\n return, yield, pro
t, bene
t, result,
consequence, outcome.
fruitful
fertile, productive, rich, proli
c, prof-
itable, bounteous, advantageous, gainful,
worthwhile, successful.
. fruitless, worth-
less, unproductive.
FRUITION
[froo ISH un] a ful
llment, a
bearing of fruit. A number of her invest-
ments have come to fruition. . ful
ment, realization, consummation, maturity,
achievement, ripeness, attainment.
. in-
completion, nonful
llment.
fruitless
futile, vain, useless, unproduc-
tive, worthless, unsuccessful, unrewarding,
pointless, barren, infertile.
. fruitful, pro-
ductive, worthwhile.
frumpy
dowdy, frumpish, dull, plain, unfash-
ionable, colorless, slovenly, shabby, wrin-
kled, *as fashionable as a potato sack/burlap
bag.
. fashionable, stylish, chic.
frustrate
thwart, foil, check, balk, circumvent,
hamstring, cripple, short-circuit, arrest, sty-
mie, defeat, discourage, ba#
e, obstruct, im-
pede, inhibit, exasperate.
. advance, pro-
mote, encourage, abet.
frustration
defeat, circumvention, discour-
agement, obstruction, check, nonful
llment,
failure, disappointment, miscarriage, ba#
e-
ment, dissatisfaction, thwarting.
. success,
advancement, encouragement, ful
llment.
fry
brown, singe, pan fry, sizzle, deep fry, sear,
sauté, French fry, stir fry, blacken.
frying pan
Z9241i_F.indd 257
5/25/10 12:25:35 PM
fund, *stash, hoard, pool, *kitty. \f\f \n ,
\t\f
pay for, 
nance, bankroll, endow, back,
capitalize, grant, subsidize, contribute, un-
derwrite, *pick up the check.
fundamental
basic, essential, element, rudi-
ment, principle, foundation, ABCs, corner-
stone, *nitty-gritty, heart, nucleus.
. ex-
tra, peripheral, supplement.
fundamental
basic, essential, primary, ele-
mentary, rudimentary, principal, underlying,
cardinal, chief, indispensable, integral, foun-
dational.
. secondary, peripheral, auxiliary.
fundraiser
funereal
somber, depressing, black, gray,
grim, mournful, sepulchral, dreary, doleful,
dismal, grave, lugubrious, gloomy, melan-
choly.
. cheerful, euphoric, bright, upbeat.
fungus
thallophyte, mold, mildew, mush-
room, parasite.
funk
depression, blues, blue funk, melancholy,
doldrums.
channel, direct, conduct, siphon, pour,
lter, focus, conduct.
funny
1. \r\t\r comical, hilarious, laugh-
able, *side-splitting, amusing, *a scream,
droll, absurd, riotous, hysterical, ludicrous,
ridiculous, farcical, silly, jocular, *tickling. 2.
\f\r\n strange, odd, weird, bizarre, un-
usual, outlandish, abnormal, *o&
eat, di\b
er-
ent, queer.
. 1. serious, grave, grim, mor-
bid. 2. ordinary, normal, usual.
furious
1. \n enraged, infuriated, out-
raged, irate, *beside oneself, *boiling,
*pissed, *on the warpath, fuming, mad, in-
amed, incensed, livid, *up in arms, *spit-
ting tacks, *bent out of shape, rabid, *ripped.
2. \f overpowering, intense, 
erce,
wild, ferocious, stormy, turbulent, raging,
vicious, savage.
. 1. calm, unperturbed,
pleased. 2. mild, meek, weak.
furlough
leave, leave of absence, vacation,
layo\b
heater, burner, stove, warmer, oil
burner, forge blast furnace, incinerator,
smelter, kiln.
supply, equip, provide, stock, out
provision, 
t, turn out, rig, appoint, accou-
ter, give.
furnishings
gear, trappings, appointments,
decor, 
ttings, equipment, accessories.
furniture
Z9241i_F.indd 258
5/25/10 12:25:36 PM
bulge or convex shape on chest or com-
mode:
bombe
rococo style of mid-18th century, delicate:
Chippendale
scrollwork on rich woods, style featuring
highly ornate:
Rococo
serpentine arms, cabriole legs, rounded
frames and walnut veneers, style fea-
turing:
sleek and polished style of 1930s:
Moderne
unadorned, practical style built by Shak-
Shaker
veneer and inlay, style following American
Revolution featuring brass feet:
Federal
furor
uproar, craze, excitement, frenzy, com-
motion, rage, outburst, mania, disturbance,
*ado, *to-do, ruckus, *big stink.
. apathy,
indi\t
erence, dispassion.
furrow
channel, groove, rut, trench, ditch,
cut, trough, track, line, seam, crease, wrin-
kle.
furry
hairy, woolly, shaggy, bushy, downy.
. bald, hairless.
further
advance, forward, assist, foster, facil-
itate, promote, aid, contribute to, abet.
.
hamper, hinder, thwart.
further
additional, more, added, supplemen-
tary, other, new.
. fewer, scant.
furthermore
adv.
in addition, additionally, also,
moreover, whats more, too.
FURTIVE
Z9241i_F.indd 259
5/25/10 12:25:36 PM
fustian
Z9241i_F.indd 260
5/25/10 12:25:36 PM
gab
chatter, talk, jabber, conversation, babble,
*chitchat, *tongue-wagging, *rap, prattle, pa-
laver, gossip.
gab
chatter, talk, jabber, converse, babble,
*yak, *chitchat, *rap, prattle, *jaw, *shoot the
breeze, gossip.
gabby
talkative, loquacious, windy, garrulous,
long-winded, voluble, wordy, verbose, *mo-
tor-mouthed, blabbermouthed, chatty, bab-
bling.
. reserved, taciturn, quiet, mute.
gadabout
wanderer, fun-seeker, rambler,
roamer, playboy.
*pain in the neck, irritant.  
fruitful, bene
cial.
. unpro
table, unre-
warding.
gainsay
deny, contradict, controvert, dispute,
refute, oppose, negate, disagree, repudiate.
. a rm, uphold, *own up.
gait
stride, walk, step, carriage, motion, run,
tread, pace, gallop, canter.   \t
descriptive:
limp; hobble; lumber; plod;
stagger; shu\r
e; totter; traipse; trudge;
shamble; pert wiggle; military gait;
goose-stepping; portly waddle; long, 
id stride; bowlegged stride; grace of a
porteuse; loose-boned gait; willowy gait;
strut; swagger; feline grace; voluptuous
sway; mincing steps; authoritative gait
celebration, festival, bash, 
esta, party, ju-
bilee, *blowout, *blast, *wingding, *shindig.
*island universe, star cluster, star sys-
tem, Milky Way, Andromeda.  \b\f\b-
, \b\f \n\b\f, \b\b\f,  \f, ,

wind, gust, squall, blow, blast, breeze,
tempest, northeaster, hurricane, cyclone,
tornado.  \n\f
gall
*nerve, brass, *chutzpah, *balls, im-
pudence, insolence,
brashness, sauciness,
*cheek, audacity, *guts, e
rontery.
. ti-
midity, deference, mousiness, shyness.
gall
irritate, annoy, *rub the wrong way, ran-
kle, vex, irk, agitate, peeve, *piss o
, provoke,
Z9241i_G.indd 261
5/25/10 12:25:38 PM
tact, nobility, manners, gentleness, kind-
ness, courtliness, attentiveness, duty. To re-
member one is a gentleman in spite of ones
birth and training.Ž„Elbert Hubbard.
.
1. cowardice, mousiness, timidity. 2. rudeness,
crudeness, discourtesy.
gallery
1.  \t passage, hall, corridor,
veranda, porch, arcade, loggia, colonnade. 2.
 \b\f bleachers, grandstand. 3. \n-
\n art museum, exhibition hall, showplace,
showroom, salon.
galling
gamut
range, extent, sweep, scope, area, reach,
compass, spectrum.
gamy
strong-smelling, strong-tasting, tainted,
ripe, foul, stinky, dirty
, wild, reeking, mal-
odorous, spoiled, rank.
. ambrosial.
gang
group, band, pack, mob, tribe, party,
squad, herd, company, clique, crowd, crew,
troop, coterie, club, ring, league, fraternity,
*boys in the hood, juvenile delinquents.
gangling
lanky, tall, thin, awkward, skin-
ny, spindly, rangy, loosely built.
. husky,
stout, brawny, obese.
gangrene
decay, rot, putrefaction, wasting
away.
gangster
mobster, Ma
oso, criminal, *sol-
Z9241i_G.indd 262
5/25/10 12:25:39 PM
pleasure ground or garden on an estate:
pleasance
protective organic cover of straw, leaves,
peat moss:
mulch
rock:
rock garden, rockery
section:
bed, plot
sheltered from elements:
greenhouse, hot-
house
shrubs sculpted into shapes of animals,
objects:
topiary
skill for growing:
green thumb
soil:
humus, loam
Z9241i_G.indd 263
5/25/10 12:25:39 PM
paste, rhinestone
aw:
feather
imperfectly transparent gem:
loupe
iridescent:
pearl, moonstone, opal, cats eye
green:
emerald, beryl, aquamarine, jade,
peridot
magnifying glass used by jeweler:
loupe
oblong shape, cut in:
Z9241i_G.indd 264
5/25/10 12:25:39 PM
bene
cent, benevolent, philanthropic, lib-
eral, unstinting. 2.  \f\n bounteous,
abundant, copious, ample, rich, lavish, lib-
eral, over
owing.
. 1. cheap, stingy, *tight.
2. scanty, spare, meager.
origin, beginning, birth, creation, in-
ception, start, generation, formation, dawn,
commencement.
. death, 
nish.
cheerful, friendly, amiable, warm, sym-
Z9241i_G.indd 265
5/25/10 12:25:40 PM
Z9241i_G.indd 266
5/25/10 12:25:40 PM
gizmo
device, appliance, mechanism, tool, gad-
Z9241i_G.indd 267
5/25/10 12:25:40 PM
glimmer
gleam, glow, 
icker, sparkle, glare,
coruscate, beam, glitter, twinkle, scintillate,
glimpse
look, peek, peep, glance, 
eeting look,
glimpse
catch a peek, peep, look, glance, see,
Z9241i_G.indd 268
5/25/10 12:25:41 PM
gnarled
knotted, knotty, twisted, contorted,
tortured, crooked, distorted, arthritic, wrin-
kled.
. smooth.
gnash
grind, grit, grate, rasp, clamp.
gnaw
1. \f nibble, chew, bite, champ, eat
away. 2. \b nag, *eat at, trouble, worry,
plague, torment.
gnome
fairy, elf, dwarf, troll, pixie, leprechaun,
imp.
1. \f animation, drive, vigor, zest,
pep, life, force. 2.  attempt, whirl, stab,
shot, crack.
which has no de
nition.Ž„Joseph Albo. A
vengeful, pitiless, and almighty 
end.Ž„Per-
cy Bysshe Shelley. An infantile fantasy ƒ
necessary when men did not know what
lightning was.Ž„Edward Anhalt. A gaseous
vertebrate.Ž„Ernst Haeckel. 2. \n god-
dess, divinity, spirit, idol.
. 1. the Devil,
Satan, Lucifer, Prince of Darkness. 2. mortal,
physical being.
 , \n \n-
\n,  \n\n\b\f
appearance of:
theophany
belief in god other than that of Jewish,
Christian, or Muslim faith:
paganism
cry of praise to God:
hosanna
disbelief in:
atheism
disbeliever:
atheist
half god, half human:
demigod
Hindu deity on earth:
avatar
human traits imagined in:
anthropomor-
phism
humans created by God not evolved, be-
lief that:
creationism
Latin:
Deus
one, belief in more than:
polytheism
one, belief in only:
monotheism
questioner of Gods existence:
agnostic
questioning of Gods existence:
Son of God:
Jesus Christ
study of:
theology
universe and its natural laws are God, be-
lief that:
pantheism
God-fearing
pious, devout, faithful, devoted,
reverent, holy, religious.
. atheistic, god-
less, heathen.
godforsaken
desolate, forlorn, lonely, aban-
Z9241i_G.indd 269
5/25/10 12:25:41 PM
Z9241i_G.indd 270
5/25/10 12:25:41 PM
goodwill
benevolence, kindliness, altruism,
favor, friendliness, humanitarianism, gra-
ciousness, goodness.
. ill will, hostility.
goody-goody
straight-laced, upright, politi-
cally correct, nice, pious, moral, prudish,
prissy, Victorian, Puritan, no-nonsense.
.
wild, rowdy, immoral.
gooey
sticky, *gloppy, tacky, viscous, gelati-
nous, gummy.
. dry.
goof
Sl.
bungle, mess up, blunder, fail, *screw
up, miscalculate.
goofy
Sl.
silly, foolish, stupid, sophomoric,
childish, *nerdy, *ditzy, *da
y, dopey.
.
serious, respected.
goon
*geek, *bozo, clown, *boob, *dork,
*goober, lummox, freak, moron, *throwback,
*Neanderthal.
GORDIAN KNOT
   \b\n\f
\t\f\b
gore
bloodshed, slaughter, carnage.  -
gore
pierce, puncture, stab, impale, gouge, horn,
hook.
gorge
canyon, chasm, pass, valley, gap, ravine,
gully, de
le.
gorge
bolt, stu
, cram, wolf, swallow whole,
gulp, gobble, devour, *shovel in, overeat, sa-
tiate, glut.
gorgeous
beautiful, magni
cent, splendid,
sumptuous, attractive, stunning, lovely, rav-
ishing, exquisite, luxurious, resplendent.
. repulsive, hideous, plain
.  \b\b-
\b\b\t\n\f
gorilla
1.   beast, primate, mammal,
simian, *King Kong, *Mighty Joe Young. 2.
 beast, bruiser, goon, hoodlum, brute,
animal.
gormandize
devour, gorge, *pig out, overeat,
, gobble, wolf.
gospel
fact, truth, Gods word, simple truth,
reality, actuality, chapter and verse, *whats
what.
gory
bloody, bloodstained, sanguinary, mur-
derous, savage, horrible.
delicate, diaphanous, airy, 
ne, feath-
ery, cobwebby.
. strong, solid, well-built.
1. \b hearsay, chatter, talk, scan-
dal, *dirt, *lowdown, *scuttlebutt, report,
mudslinging, *grapevine, *small talk, *buzz.
Foul whisperings.Ž„Shakespeare. Murder
by language.Ž„Roland Barthes. 2. \b-
Z9241i_G.indd 271
5/25/10 12:25:41 PM
grab
snatch, seize, clutch, grasp, pluck, catch,
Z9241i_G.indd 272
5/25/10 12:25:42 PM
2. \n hold, seize, clutch, snatch, squeeze,
catch.
grasp
1. \n hold, clutch, clasp. 2. \b-
\f\n\b\f understanding, perception, mas-
tery, knowledge, cognition.
grasp
1. \n grab, hold, clutch, clasp, catch,
snatch, clinch, grapple, nab. 2. \b\f
understand, get, see, sense, follow, apprehend,
appreciate.
. 1. loose, release, let go.
grasping
avaricious, greedy, acquisitive, hun-
Z9241i_G.indd 273
5/25/10 12:25:42 PM
graze
1. \b scrape, brush, glance, kiss,
skim, skin, scratch. 2.  forage, browse,
crop, munch, pasture.
grease
fat, oil, lard, tallow, drippings, lubricant.
grease
lubricate, oil.
greasy
oily, fatty, buttery, lardy, oleaginous,
slick, slippery, waxy, unctuous, smeared.
great
1.  big, huge, grand, immense,
prodigious, gigantic, massive, tremendous,
stupendous, enormous, gargantuan, exten-
sive, boundless, voluminous, countless, ex-
treme, prolonged, numerous. 2. \n\f\f
strong, pronounced, extraordinary, con-
siderable, powerful. 3. \n\b\f signi
cant, momentous, consequential, in
uential,
critical. 4.   eminent, illustrious,
famed, distinguished, esteemed, prominent,
exalted, noted, renowned, heroic. 5.  -
\f superb, super, fantastic, exception-
al, awesome, 
rst-rate, outstanding, terri
wonderful, *crack, *aces, pro
cient, skilled.
. 1. small, lesser, tiny, miniscule. 2. mild,
minor, light, weak. 3. insigni
cant, unimport-
ant, inconsequential. 4. obscure, unknown,
ordinary. 5. mediocre, terrible, lousy, awful.
greed
avarice, *grabbiness, acquisitiveness,
covetousness, gluttony, rapaciousness, insa-
tiability, graspingness, cupidity, want, hun-
ger.
. generosity, charity.
greedy
Z9241i_G.indd 274
5/25/10 12:25:42 PM
grind
1.  \n" crush, mash, grit, grate,
rasp, powder, mill, granulate, triturate, crush,
disintegrate. 2. \f hone, smooth,
Z9241i_G.indd 275
5/25/10 12:25:43 PM
grove
stand, orchard, wood, copse, coppice,
Z9241i_G.indd 276
5/25/10 12:25:43 PM
guideline
direction, guide, instruction, indi-
cation, rule, code, mark, marker, clue, key,
signal.
[GILE] slyness, cra
iness, artfulness.
He managed a passing grade through pure
guile; he used crib notes.
\f. slyness, cra
iness, artfulness, cunning, trickery, arti
ce,
deceit, duplicity, fraud, dishonesty, treach-
ery.
rearm, revolver, pistol, *six-shooter,
*shooting iron, ri
e, carbine, shotgun, *pea-
shooter, *Saturday night special, *.38 special,
*.45, *equalizer, *rod, *piece, *enforcer, *heat-
er, *roscoe. [
at which] makes men equal,
Z9241i_G.indd 277
5/25/10 12:25:43 PM
gush
outpouring, 
ow, spurt, cascade, 
ood,
rush, 
gutter
channel, trough, trench, ditch, conduit,
drain, culvert, sewer, canal, watercourse,
runnel, gully.
guttural
throaty, harsh, rasping, hoarse, gru
*whiskey-voiced, croaking, deep, glottal,
gravelly, thick.
. high-pitched, shrill, so-
prano.
man, fellow, gentleman, chap, *dude, per-
son, teen, boy, lad, *bro, *buddy.
swill, swig, *chug-a-lug, *down, qua
tipple, *knock back, gulp, drain, *polish o
*choke down.
gym
gymnasium, workout facility, court, in-
door sport facility, 
tness center, weight
Z9241i_G.indd 278
5/25/10 12:25:44 PM
habit
routine, custom, practice, tendency,
convention, way, rut, pattern, mode, pro-
clivity, manner, mannerism, inclination. A
cable. We weave a thread of it everyday, and
at last we cannot break it.Ž„Horace Mann.
habitat
natural environment, home, terrain,
haunt, natural element, *stomping grounds,
biosphere, range, domain, realm, natural
surroundings, dwelling.
habitation
home, dwelling, lodging, resi-
dence, domicile, abode, quarters, house,
chambers, roost, place, *pad, shelter. 

habitual
routine, usual, customary, estab-
lished, 
haggle
argue, bargain, wrangle, dicker, higgle,
deal, *drive a hard bargain, cha\b
er, barter,
*hash out a deal, quibble.
hail
Z9241i_H.indd 279
5/25/10 12:25:45 PM
ducktail-like style of 1950s:
ducktail
toupee, *rug, wig, implant
forehead fringe:
bangs
graying, premature:
poliosis
hairy, abnormally:
hirsute, hirsutism
high sweep of hair combed back from
forehead:
pompadour
Jamaican braids:
dreadlocks, Rastafarian
dreadlocks, dreads
knot:
chignon, bob, bun
mass, tangled or bushy:
shock
matted, tangled hairs:
ocks
neck hairs:
hackles
point of hair tapering to forehead:
widows
pu
ed-out mass, style:
bou\b
ant
punk:
mohawk, porcupine, spiked, shaved,
dyed
epilate, depilate, bob
remover:
depilatory, electrolysis
roll:
bun, chignon
shaved trails in a slanted or sculpted buzz
cut:
*fade, *gumby
short haircut for men:
buzz, 
attop, crew
cut, butch, *fade
short haircut for women:
bob
short on sides, nearly shoulder-length in
back:
halcyon
calm, peaceful, tranquil, serene, un-
troubled.
. agitated, turbulent.
hale
vigorous, sound, healthy, robust, 
hearty, spry, hardy, well, *in the pink, *full
of vim and vigor, *in 
ne fettle.
. sickly,
weak, frail, failing.
half-baked
stupid, sophomoric, harebrained,
premature, crude, impractical, *birdbrained,
idiotic, imbecilic, uninspired, moronic, dumb.
. practical, brilliant, well-formulated.
earted
unenthusiastic, lukewarm, bla-
Z9241i_H.indd 280
5/25/10 12:25:46 PM
pound, beat, batter, bang, hit, pum-
mel, drive, tap, strike, nail, *clobber, fashion,
form, forge.
hamper
impede, hinder, handicap, hamstring,
slow, inhibit, encumber, obstruct, frustrate,
retard, restrict, hobble, curb.
. help, as-
sist, facilitate.
hamstring
cripple, handicap, hobble.  -
hamstrung
crippled, handicapped.  -
1. \f palm, *mitt, *paw, *duke. 2.  -
\r worker, employee, laborer, aide, assis-
tant, help. 3.  assistance, aid, li
, support,
boost.
handbook
manual, guide, how-to book, ref-
erence book,  eld guide, bible.
handicap
disability, impediment, encum-
brance, disadvantage, impairment, limita-
tion, millstone, di
culty, burden, restric-
tion, stumbling block.
handicap
disable, impede, hamstring, cripple,
encumber, impair, limit, burden, restrict, in-
hibit, weigh down, hamper.
handkerchief
kerchief, bandanna, necker-
chief, hanky, *snot rag.
handle
grip, ha
, hilt, butt, knob, holder,
crank, stock, pull.
handle
1. \f\t feel, examine, 
nger, poke,
hold, fondle, stroke, caress, rub, palpate. 2.
\n take care of, direct, supervise, oversee,
govern, control, administer, deal with, steer.
hand-me-down
passed down, second-hand,
used, previously owned, old.
. new, latest.
hand out
vt.
distribute, dispense, disburse, deal
Z9241i_H.indd 281
5/25/10 12:25:46 PM
exuberant, ecstatic, gleeful, *tickled pink,
*walking on air, chipper, overjoyed, *high. 2.
\r\f\f lucky, felicitous, auspicious, op-
portune, favorable, propitious, timely.
. 1.
depressed, miserable, downhearted, suicidal, sad,
glum. 2. inauspicious, inopportune, unlucky.
happy-go-lucky
carefree, untroubled, *devil-
may-care, lighthearted, casual, easy, easygo-
ing, nonchalant, insouciant, *living the life
of Riley, unconcerned.
. stressed, worried,
anxious, careful, concerned.
hara kiri
ritual suicide, disembowelment.
harangue
tirade, diatribe, exhortation, lec-
ture, *chewing-out, speech, sermon.
harangue
exhort, *chew out, lecture, spout o\b
rant, sermonize, preach, declaim, rant and
hard-and-fast
Z9241i_H.indd 282
5/25/10 12:25:47 PM
injury, hurt, damage, destruction, ad-
harvest
Z9241i_H.indd 283
5/25/10 12:25:47 PM
marching bands tall hat with feather cock-
ade:
shako
Mexican broad hat made of straw or felt:
sombrero
pancakelike cap:
Z9241i_H.indd 284
5/25/10 12:25:47 PM
hazard
risk, chance, venture, wager, gamble,
stake, dare, attempt, try, *go out on a limb,
*go for broke.
hazardous
dangerous, threatening, peril-
ous, imperiling, endangering, life-threaten-
ing, risky, unsafe, chancy, menacing, *hairy,
*dicey, precarious.
. safe, secure, harmless.
hazardous
waste n.
toxic waste, pollution, nu-
clear waste, *toxic soup, poison, contami-
nated materials, pathogenic materials.
haze
vapor, fog, smog, smoke, mist, murk.
haze
persecute, humiliate, tease, test, initiate.
1. \t foggy, misty, murky, neb-
ulous, dim, gauzy, steamy, smoky, veiled,
blurred, 
lmy, fuzzy. 2.  obscure, in-
nite, confused, indistinct, dim, muddled,
unintelligible, nebulous.
. 1. clear, sunny.
2. clear, distinct, lucid.
head
1.  cranium, brain, noggin, *bel-
fry, *noodle, *bean, dome. 
e palace of
the soul.Ž„Lord Byron. 
e dupe of the
heart.Ž„La Rochefoucauld. 2. \t\r" top,
summit, peak, tip, apex, acme, pinnacle,
cap, crest, vertex, height. 3. \r boss,
chief, president, director, CEO, commander,
ringleader, principal, chairman, *big cheese,
*biggest toad in the puddle, *top dog, cap-
tain, ruler.
. 2. foot, base. 3. follower, un-
derling.
head
lead, direct, command, boss, preside,
chair, captain, run, rule, control, govern, su-
pervise, oversee.
headache
1. migraine. 2. \t\f *pain,
*pain in the neck, trouble, bother, annoyance,
nuisance, problem.
headhunting
recruiting, talent search.
heading
1. \f\f caption, headline, line. 2.
\t\r bearing, direction.
headline
caption, heading, title, banner,
screamer.  "  \r
headlong
reckless, dangerous, incautious,
heal
cure, make well, mend, restore, remedy,
repair, treat, recover, alleviate, patch up, 
doctor, nurse, revive, renew, medicate, reju-
venate.
healer
physician, shaman, medicine man.
 \t\f\r
health
tness, soundness, we
ll-being, vitality,
strength, vigor, hardiness, shape, condition.
To eat what you dont want, drink what you
dont like, and do what youd rather not.Ž„
Mark Twain.
healthy
1.  \r  salubrious, health-
ful, wholesome, salutary, bene
cial, nutri-
tious, nourishing, invigorating, restorative,
sustaining, energizing. 2.    
t, strong, sound, well, vital, vigorous, har-
dy, hearty, *bright-eyed, robust, hale, trim,
*in the pink, *in 
Z9241i_H.indd 285
5/25/10 12:25:47 PM
chest pain from lack of blood 
ow:
angina
pectoris
damage to heart muscle due to insu
cient
blood supply:
heart attack, myocardial
infarction
decreased blood 
ow to:
ischemia
defect sign:
murmur
device used to regulate heartbeat:
maker
drug used to strengthen heartbeat:
digitalis
enlarged heart caused by strenuous exer-
cise:
Z9241i_H.indd 286
5/25/10 12:25:48 PM
oppressive, distressing, hard, harsh, onerous,
intolerable, harsh.
. 1. light, weightless,
featherlike. 2. light, mild, weak, brief. 3. trivi-
al, unimportant, petty. 4. easy, light, tolerable.
heckle
harass, annoy, hassle, pester, *wise o\b
jeer, bait, taunt, tease, *ride, bother, *give a
hard time, *bug.
hectic
feverish, confused, rushed, chaotic,
. holdup, *stickup.  \r\r
helicopter
aircra
, *chopper, *eggbeater,
*whirlybird, *copter, autogyro.
hell
Z9241i_H.indd 287
5/25/10 12:25:48 PM
helter-skelter
disorderly, arbitrary, confused,
random, haphazard, hurried, pell-mell, hit-
or-miss, jumbled, chaotic.
. orderly, ar-
ranged.
edge, border, edging, skirt, trim, fringe,
verge, ru\b
hemorrhage
bleed, shed blood.
follower, helper, underling, aide,
unky, bodyguard, subordinate, *yes-man,
tic, exalted, epic.
. cowardly, faintheart-
ed, dastardly.
heroin
narcotic, drug, *horse, *snow, *smack,
*Big H, *black pearl, *Charley, *DOA, *Ha-
zel, *joy powder, *junk, *Mexican brown,
Z9241i_H.indd 288
5/25/10 12:25:48 PM
ed, in
ated, extravagant, turgid, showy,
owery.
. folksy, down to earth, plain.
high-handed
overbearing, domineering, im-
perious, tyrannical, dictatorial, arbitrary,
oppressive, ironhanded, authoritarian.
.
cooperating, helpful, just.
highlight
high point, memorable part, feature,
focus, focal point, peak, climax, best part.
highlight
spotlight, underline, underscore,
feature, play up, headline, punctuate, accen-
tuate, emphasize, stress.
. downplay, ob-
scure.
high-minded
Z9241i_H.indd 289
5/25/10 12:25:49 PM
way, *hamstring.
. help, enable, facilitate,
free.
hindrance
impediment, obstruction, encum-
brance, stumbling block, obstacle, restric-
tion, restraint, constraint, snag, handicap.
hindsight
Z9241i_H.indd 290
5/25/10 12:25:49 PM
hobgoblin
bogey, bugbear, apparition, evil
spirit, *spook, puck, elf, imp, fairy.
hobo
tramp, *bum, transient, dri
er, vagrant,
derelict, *sti\b
, migrant worker, rover.
hock
pawn.
hockey
ice hockey, 
eld hockey, sport.
ICE HOCKEY
avoid being scored against while short-
handed:
kill a penalty
bumping opponent away from play:
check,
body check
cup:
Stanley
puck
drop of puck by referee between two play-
face-o\b
fake a move to shake o
opponent:
deke
free shot on goal:
penalty shot
goaltender:
goalie
hard, driving shot:
slapshot
holding crook of opponents stick to stop
movement:
hooking
illegally striking opponent with stick:
slashing, spearing, high sticking
illegal shot from behind center red line:
icing
penalty situation in which team has a one-
man advantage:
power play
positions:
center, forwards, wings, backline,
defensemen
rectangle in front of goal:
crease
roughness penalty, excessive:
roughing
three goals scored by one player in a single
hat trick
vehicle that restores ice surface:
Zamboni
hocus-pocus
magic, trickery, legerdemain,
sleight-of-hand, prestidigitation, hoax, con-
juring, deception, incantation, *abracadabra,
mumbo jumbo, gibberish.
hodgepodge
mixture, miscellany, jumble,
melange, potpourri, medley, patchwork,
*goulash, mess, *mishmash, hash, *mixed
bag.
hoe
garden implement, tool, weeder, cultiva-
tor, digger.
Z9241i_H.indd 291
5/25/10 12:25:49 PM
less, useless, insincere.
. 1. full, teeming,
replete. 2. convex. 3. meaningful, important,
profound.
holocaust
destruction, annihilation, geno-
cide, mass killing, massacre, carnage, exter-
mination, catastrophe, disaster, devastation,
con
agration, 
restorm, inferno.
godly, divine, sacred, hallowed, sacro-
sanct, consecrated, blessed, saintly, virtuous,
religious, righteous, pious, faithful, spiritu-
al.
. ungodly, unholy, profane, diabolical,
demonic.
HOMAGE
homey
comfortable, cozy, relaxed, familiar,
informal, folksy, domestic, intimate, friend-
Z9241i_H.indd 292
5/25/10 12:25:50 PM
hole for anonymous sex:
glory hole
lesbian:
Sapphic
lesbian, slang for:
dyke, lezbo
male who dresses and acts female, accept-
ed in some cultures as a magical third
gender:
berdache
marriage between homosexuals, legal:
civ-
il union
masculine behavior of lesbian, describing:
butch
military policy of secrecy, outmoded:
dont
ask, dont tell
older man with adolescent boy:
pederasty
oral or anal sex, male:
sodomy
Z9241i_H.indd 293
5/25/10 12:25:50 PM
heartbroken, depressed, suicidal, *broken,
dispirited.
. 1. hopeful, bright, promising.
2. hopeful, optimistic, con\n
dent, encouraged.
horde
crowd, mass, throng, multitude, mob,
pack, swarm, bunch, gang, group, band, press.
horizon
skyline, vista, purview, 
eld of vi-
sion, limit, range, o
ng, azimuth.
horizontal
at, level, 
ush, plane, straight,
supine, prone, recumbent.
. vertical, up-
right.
horn
1. \f\r"\f tusk, antler, spike, cor-
nu. 2.  \n\t \f\r\n\f
horny
Sl.
*hot, lustful, *turned on, amorous,
passionate, lascivious, erotic, goatish, fever-
ish, salacious, libidinous, sex-crazed, randy,
*hot as a three-dollar pistol.
. turned o\b
frigid.
horoscope
1. celestial positioning. 2. -
\r\n chart, forecast, astrological forecast.
horrendous
 \r\r
horrible
horrendous, terrible, awful, fright-
ful, horrid, appalling, dreadful, horrify-
ing, abominable, hideous, ghastly, shocking,
gruesome, disgusting, terrifying, repulsive,
atrocious.
. wonderful, lovely, charming,
delightful.
horrid
 \r\r
horrify
dismay, shock, frighten, terrify, ap-
pall, scare, *curdle ones blood, *curl ones
hair, *scare the daylights out of, *make ones
skin crawl, *send chills up ones spine, sick-
en, nauseate, disgust, revolt, 
ll with mor-
bid fascination, paralyze, petrify.
. calm,
soothe, reassure.
horror
fear, terror, fright, dread, trepidation,
dismay, revulsion, repu
lsion, disgust, loath-
ing, abhorrence, aversion.
hors doeuvre
tidbit, 
nger sandwich, canape.
  \f#\r
horse
equine, steed, mount, nag, pony, *bronc,
stallion, mare, *plug, *crowbait.
COLORS AND MARKINGS
beige with black mane:
buckskin
beige with brown or light mane:
dun
black and white:
piebald
black speckles:
medicine hat
bluish gray:
grulla, smokey
bronze or coppery:
chestnut, sorrel
brownish sprinkled with gray and white:
roan
palomino color:
buttermilk, golden
patches of white over any coat color except
skewbald
piebald or spotted:
calico, pinto, dappled,
paint
reddish brown with black mane:
bay
stripe extending down back:
eel stripe, dor-
sal stripe
white above fetlock:
stocking
white below fetlock:
sock
white marking around nostril:
snip
white marking between eyes:
star
white streak on face:
blaze, race
white with white mane:
palomilla
yellowish cross of sorrel and dun:
claybank
Appaloosa, Arabian, Cleveland bay, Clydes-
dale, Dartmoor, Exmoor, French Trot-
ter, Hackney, hunter, Lipizzaner, Mor-
gan, palomino, Percheron, quarter
Z9241i_H.indd 294
5/25/10 12:25:50 PM
newborn:
foal
nose and mouth area:
muzzle
pen:
corral
pertaining to:
equestrian, equine
race:
steeplechase, derby
riding competition:
gymkhana
riding pants, boots:
jodhpurs
rising and falling in English riding style:
posting
shelter:
stall, stable
short-legged horse:
sideways gait:
smooth, re
ned gait for show:
dressage
stand up on rear legs:
rear
strong horse used for pulling:
dra
horse
studs herd:
harras
sweat:
lather
trained:
broken, bridlewise
trot in place for show:
pia\b
upjerk of head:
bridle
wild or half-wild:
mustang, bronco
winker:
blinder
horseman
equestrian, rider, jockey, roughrid-
er, cowboy, broncobuster.
horseplay
clowning, foolishness, antics, fun,
hijinks, tomfoolery.
horticulture
gardening, cultivation, agricul-
ture, farming, vegetable growing, 
oriculture.
hose
hosiery, stockings.
hospice
hostel, lodging, shelter.
hospitable
gracious, accommodating, socia-
ble, friendly, welcoming, neighborly, conviv-
ial, genial, cordial, helpful.
. unwelcom-
ing, inhospitable, unfriendly.
hospital
medical center, in
rmary, clinic,
sanatorium, sick bay, dispensary, ward, in-
stitution, treatment facility, hospice. 
at
blend of penitentiary and third-class ho-
tel.Ž„Henry Sigerist.  \t\f\r, \n-
\t, \r,  \r\f, \r\r
hospitality
accommodation, welcome,
friendliness, graciousnes
s, sociability, neigh-
borliness, geniality, cordiality, warmth. A
genial hearth, a hospitable board, and a re-
ned rusticity.Ž„William Wordsworth.
multitude, group, throng, legion, horde,
ock, myriad.
pawn, captive, security.  \r-
hostile
unfriendly, antagonistic, malevolent,
ellicose, belligerent, enemy, contrary, ag-
gressive, nasty, contentious, warring, pug-
nacious, cold.
. friendly, warm, amiable,
peaceful.
hostility
1. \r antagonism,
malevolence, hatred, ill will, enmity, ani-
mus, opposition, aggression, venom, belli-
cosity, virulence, bad blood, anger, nastiness.
2. \f\f war, con
ict, dispute, clash.
. 1. friendliness, good will. 2. amity, peace.
hot
1. \f\r\r blazing,  ery, burning, scorch-
ing, steaming, boiling, blistering, roasting,
sweltering, feverish, sizzling, sultry, tropi-
cal. 2.  \t peppery, sharp, biting, burn-
ing, piquant, zesty, pungent. 3. \f
ardent, 
ery, intense, fervent, vehement, im-
passioned, angry, raging, furious, violent.
4. \r  *horny, lustful, las-
civious, salacious, libidinous, randy. 5. "
  \r trendy, fresh, in vogue.
.
1. cold, wintry, frigid. 2. bland, mild. 3. indif-
ferent, apathetic, lukewarm. 4. turned o\b
, re-
pulsed, cold.
hot dog
1. \r\r\f\r wiener, *weenie,
*dog, *foot long. 2. " crowd-pleaser,
grandstander.
hotel
motel, inn, motor inn, resort, lodging,
tavern, hostel, *
ophouse.
hotheaded
hot-tempered, quick-tempered,
touchy, explosive, volatile, testy, *short-
fused, combustible, rash, impetuous.
.
even-tempered, levelheaded, easygoing.
hothouse
greenhouse, nursery, conservatory.
hound
chase, nag, badger, harass, pester, pur-
sue, dog, *bug, ride, *hassle, persecute, go
er.
house
home, residence, shelter, abode, habi-
tation, domicile, homestead, castle, mansion,
duplex.  \r\t\f\t\f\r, \t\f, \n
attic access hole:
scuttle
beam supporting 
oor or ceiling:
joist
board siding:
clapboard
Z9241i_H.indd 295
5/25/10 12:25:50 PM
roof framing member:
ra
er, purlin, ridge-
board
roof overhang:
eaves
roof walkway:
widows walk
roof with double slope on each side:
gam-
brel
roof with four sides, no gables:
hip roof
roof with two slopes on all four sides:
man-
sard roof
stair railing spindles:
balusters
styles:
adobe, bothy, brownstone, bungalow,
cabin, cajun cottage, Cape Cod, chateau,
colonial, cottage, Creole townhouse,
Dutch Colonial, Elizabethan, English
magpie, Federal, gambrel, Georgian,
gingerbread, Gothic Revival, Greek Re-
vival, Italianate, octagon, pueblo, Queen
Anne, Romanesque, row house, saltbox,
Second Empire, split level, Tudor, Vic-
torian
tile mortar:
grout
upper wall portion between slopes of roof:
gable
wall not requiring plaster:
Z9241i_H.indd 296
5/25/10 12:25:51 PM
demure, self-conscious, subservient, di
dent,
obsequious, lowly. 2. " shabby, simple,
plain, ordinary, poor, undistinguished, rough,
plebian, humdrum, unre
ned, inconsequen-
tial.
. 1. arrogant, pretentious, haughty,
proud, conceited. 2. rich, superior, ostentatious,
illustrious, distinguished.
humble
degrade, de
ate, *take the wind out
of ones sails, *bring down a peg, shame, hu-
miliate, demean, disgrace, *make one feel
small, *make one eat crow, *make one eat
humble pie.
. exalt, *put on a pedestal,
ate, pu\b
up.
humbug
baloney, *BS, nonsense, balderdash,
*eyewash, *bunk, claptrap, poppycock, *hog-
wash, rubbish, *rot.
humdrum
monotonous, boring, tedious, *ho-
hum, dull, tiresome, routine, prosaic, unin-
teresting, *blah, 
at, insipid, somnolent.
.
interesting, stimulating,
fascinating, riveting,
exciting.
humid
tickling, farcical, amusing, droll, jocular,
whimsical.
. serious, grave, somber.
hump
bulge, protuberance, hunch, swell-
ing, lump, mound, bump, knob, swell, hum-
mock, hill.
hunch
feeling, suspicion, guess, idea, premo-
nition, inkling, intuition, notion, forebod-
ing, impression.
hunch
hump, bend, bow, huddle, crouch.
hunchbacked
humpbacked, crookbacked,
bu\b
alo humped, deformed, gibbous.
elderly, in:
dowagers hump
hunger
appetite, starvation, famine, raven-
Z9241i_H.indd 297
5/25/10 12:25:51 PM
hurried
hasty, quick, rushed, speedy, swi
breakneck, super
cial, cursory, perfunctory,
slapdash.
. slow, leisurely, careful.
hurry
haste, speed, swi
ness, rush, celerity,
hustle, dispatch, expeditiousness, bustle.
hurry
hasten, quicken, pick up the pace, *step
hustler
Sl.
con artist, *rip-o\b
artist, 
am
man, scam artist, gri
er, swindler, *shark,
Z9241i_H.indd 298
5/25/10 12:25:51 PM
hypocrite
Z9241i_H.indd 299
5/25/10 12:25:52 PM
icky
Sl.
*yucky, *gross, disgusting, distaste-
ful, sickening, repulsive, sticky, gluey.
.
pleasant, *yummy.
ICONOCLAST
[iye KON uh KLAST] one
who attacks popular institutions, beliefs,
public 
Z9241i_I.indd 300
5/25/10 12:25:53 PM
idol
hero, god, role model, star, superstar, ce-
lebrity, luminary, favorite, darling, icon.
idolize
look up to, admire, revere, worship, ven-
erate, deify, hero-worship, honor, *put on a
pedestal, *worship the ground one walks on.
IDYLLIC
[iye DIL ik] pastoral and peace-
ful; rustic and simple.
ey chose an idyllic
spot to build their house.
. rustic, charm-
ing, peaceful, pastoral, unspoiled, romantic,
simple, picturesque, heavenly, blissful.
.
urban, frenetic, noisy.
uncertain, unsettled, doubtful, question-
able, *up in the air, dubious, unresolved, ten-
tative, chancy.
. certain, settled, sure.
ignite
ill
harm, injury, hurt, pain, trouble, misfor-
tune, damage, evil, misery, calamity, bad luck,
tribulation.
. good fortune.
ill
1.  ailing, sickly, unwell, a
icted, *laid
low, *green around the gills, *under the
weather, *out of sorts, *o
ones feed, *out
of commission, bedridden, feverish, nause-
ated, diseased. 2.  bad, wicked, harmful,
malicious, sinful, wrong, nefarious, immor-
al, foul, nasty.
. 1. healthy, well, sound. 2.
good, moral, kind.
ill-advised
unwise, imprudent, misguided, stu-
pid, foolish, short-sighted, harebrained, *half-
baked, rash, injudicious.
. wise, prudent.
ill-at-ease
uncomfortable, self-conscious, anx-
ious, nervous, uneasy, apprehensive, awk-
ward, insecure, shy, bashful.
. relaxed,
calm, con\b
dent.
illegal
against the law, unlawful, prohibit-
ed, forbidden, criminal, banned, illicit, out-
lawed, wrongful, felonious, shady, *black
Z9241i_I.indd 301
5/25/10 12:25:54 PM
incongruous, unreasonable, wrong, irrational,
*cockeyed.
. sound, correct, logical.
ill-suited
unsuitable, incompatible.  -
\f\f
ill-tempered
nasty, moody, explosive, ill-na-
tured, contentious, grouchy, irritable, crabby,
touchy, sour, surly, waspish, cantankerous.
. even-tempered, easygoing, good-natured.
illuminate
1.   brighten, spotlight,
radiate, beam, shine. 2.  elucidate,
clarify, throw light on, shed light on, clear
up, de
ne, enlighten, expound.
. 1. dark-
en, dim. 2. obfuscate, muddy, obscure.
illumination
1.  luminescence, radia-
tion, radiance, glow, shine. 2. 
elucidation, clari
cation, enlightenment,
knowledge, instruction, wisdom, insight,
understanding.
illusion
apparition, mirage, hallucination,
misconception, pipe dream, vision, phan-
tasm, 
gment of the imagination, delusion,
fallacy, deception.
false image of cli
s and rock faces projected
onto sky above shorelines:
fata morgana
illusory
unreal, deceptive, imaginary, false, de-
lusory, visionary, hallucinatory, fanciful, spu-
rious, chimerical.
. real, concrete, true.
illustrate
1.  \f explain, demon-
strate, illuminate, cite, elucidate, expound,
clear up, make plain, describe, clarify, give
an example, exemplify. 2. \f\b depict,
Z9241i_I.indd 302
5/25/10 12:25:54 PM
less, sinless, untainted, perfect, above re-
proach, pristine, virginal.
. dirty, unclean,
tainted, sinful, de\b
immaterial
irrelevant, impertinent, unim-
portant, insigni
cant, trivial, inconsequen-
tial, meaningless, extraneous.
. impor-
tant, vital, central, relevant.
immature
Z9241i_I.indd 303
5/25/10 12:25:54 PM
impasse
dead end, cul-de-sac, deadlock,
stalemate, gridlock, *Catch-22, morass,
standstill, stando
, dead stop.
impassioned
passionate, ardent, fervent, in-
tense, 
ery, vehement, enthusiastic, excited,
burning, torrid, powerful, rousing, emo-
tional.
. indi
erent, apathetic, cool, dis-
passionate.
impassive
emotionless, calm, placid, sto-
ic, stony, cool, indi
Z9241i_I.indd 304
5/25/10 12:25:55 PM
implacable
exible, inexorable, unap-
peaseable, unforgiving, relentless, merciless,
vengeful, vindictive, unbending.
. placa-
ble, merciful, forgiving.
implausible
unbelievable, improbable, un-
likely, incredible, questionable, doubtful, du-
Z9241i_I.indd 305
5/25/10 12:25:55 PM
momentous, breathtaking.
. unimpres-
sive, *blah, *ho-hum, ordinary.
imprint
impression, stamp, signature, trade-
mark, seal.
imprison
jail, incarcerate, immure, lock up,
con
ne, cage, impound, put behind bars,
*throw in the slammer, hold in custody, hold
Z9241i_I.indd 306
5/25/10 12:25:55 PM
not on purpose, involuntary.
. on pur-
pose, designed, intentional, deliberate.
inadvisable
unwise, ill-advised, foolish,
wrong, imprudent, inexpedient, unrecom-
mended, injudicious, impulsive, inoppor-
tune, reckless, irrational, illogical, senseless,
unintelligent, crazy.
. wise, opportune.
INANE
[i NANE] empty, silly or foolish,
pointless.
e TV show was poorly written
and inane.
. empty, silly, foolish, sense-
less, pointless, fatuous, insipid, thoughtless,
ludicrous, stupid, idiotic, mindless.
.
deep, profound, intelligent, meaningful.
inanimate
lifeless, dead, nonliving, inert,
nonmoving, dull.
. alive, animated.
inapplicable
unsuited, un
t, inapt, irrelevant,
immaterial, impertinent, incompatible, inap-
propriate.
. applicable, suitable, relevant.
inappropriate
unsuitable, un
tting, improp-
er, incompatible, inapt, incorrect, out of line,
wrong, unseemly, indecorous.
. appro-
priate, \b
tting, suitable.
inapt
 \f\f
inarticulate
mute, incoherent, indistinct,
garbled, unintelligible
, tongue-tied, speech-
Z9241i_I.indd 307
5/25/10 12:25:56 PM
incipient
beginning, commencing, develop-
ing, newborn, nascent, initial, embryonic,
developing, early.
incision
slit, slash, scratch, score, gash.  
INCISIVE
Z9241i_I.indd 308
5/25/10 12:25:56 PM
another brick in the wall.
. conspicuous,
distinguished, obvious, *standing out like a
sore thumb.
inconstant
irregular, erratic, variable, unsta-
ble, changing, intermittent, unsteady, 
ckle.
. constant, steady, stable.
incontrovertible
indisputable, beyond doubt,
established, certain, incontestable, solid, un-
deniable, irrefutable.
. debatable, ques-
tionable, doubtful.
inconvenient
bothersome, troublesome, inop-
portune, untimely, burdensome, disadvan-
tageous, cumbersome, discommoding.
.
convenient, advantageous, timely.
incorporate
include, involve, embody, com-
prise, unite, join, integrate, consolidate,
merge, combine, associate.
incorrect
wrong, in error, inaccurate, errone-
ous, faulty, false, inexact, fallacious, *way o
. correct, right, accurate.
INCORRIGIBLE
[in KAWR i juh bul] inca-
pable of improving or becoming reformed.
e incorrigible youth was destined for the
county jail.
. hardened, hopeless, beyond
help, irreformable, irredeemable, lost, in-
tractable, incurable, recidivous, *unbreak-
able, *dyed in the wool.
. correctable, re-
formable, curable.
incorruptible
honest, moral, honorable, virtu-
Z9241i_I.indd 309
5/25/10 12:25:56 PM
independence
Z9241i_I.indd 310
5/25/10 12:25:57 PM
individual
person, human being, body, soul,
character, man, woman, guy, girl, boy, per-
sonality.
individual
single, separate, distinctive, sole,
lone, exclusive, peculiar, particular, unique,
singular, characteristic, speci
c, special, per-
sonal.
. group, general, common, universal.
individuality
personality, character, distinc-
tion, di
erence, uniqueness, singularity, id-
iosyncrasy, peculiarity, originality, self, tem-
perament.
INDOCTRINATE
[in DAWK truh nate] to
teach or instruct, to transfer ones beliefs to
another.
e cult thoroughly indoctrinates
new members with its beliefs.
. teach, in-
struct, school, imbue, enlighten, train, im-
plant, instill, *beat into ones head, brain-
wash, program.
. *deprogram.
INDOLENT
[IN duh lunt] lazy.
He was
homeless because he was indolent, not un-
lucky.
. lazy, idle, slothful, *allergic to
work, listless, inactive, shi\t
less, do-nothing.
. industrious, bustling,
*go-getting.
indomitable
invincible, unyielding, uncon-
querable, undefeatable, unbeatable, insur-
mountable, dogged, steadfast, staunch, reso-
lute, tough.
. yielding, weak, *wimpy.
indubitably
adv.
certainly, unquestionably, un-
doubtedly, surely, undeniably, de
nitely.
induce
bring on, persuade, encourage, produce,
uence, talk into, instigate, incite, prompt,
Z9241i_I.indd 311
5/25/10 12:25:57 PM
inexperienced
green, unseasoned, unfamil-
iar, unschooled, virgin, un\n
edged, imma-
ture, innocent, young, untrained, raw, cal-
Z9241i_I.indd 312
5/25/10 12:25:57 PM
ation
increase, runaway prices, oversup-
ply of currency, stag\n
ation.  
exible
1. \f unyielding, rigid, 
rm,
sti
, unmalleable. 2. !!\f unyield-
ing, adamant, 
rm, uncompromising, ob-
stinate, rigid, unbending, intractable, 
xed,
pigheaded.
. 1. 
exible, so
, malleable. 2.
compromising, yielding.
ict
impose, deal out, administer, visit
5/25/10 12:25:58 PM
inhabit
live, abide, reside, lodge, dwell, occu-
py, stay at, populate.
inhabitant
resident, occupant, lodger, tenant,
renter, boarder, citizen, native, denizen.
inhale
breathe, draw a breath, gasp, inspire,
[in HEER unt, in HER unt] ex-
isting naturally, as an inborn trait, innate,
native.
e drive to survive is inherent in ev-
ery living thing.
. natural, inborn, innate,
native, existing, instinctive, hereditary, built-
in, ingrained, fundamental, essential.
.
extrinsic, alien, foreign, unnatural.
inheritance
legacy, bequest, estate, birthright,
endowment, gi\t
heirloom.
inherited
Z9241i_I.indd 314
5/25/10 12:25:58 PM
conscience, purity, righteousness. 2. -
INQUEST
[IN kwest] a legal inquiry, such
Z9241i_I.indd 315
5/25/10 12:25:58 PM
excessive, irrational talking:
logorrhea
hands, delusion one has lost one or both:
achiria
memory loss, profound:
amnesia
mood swings disorder:
manic-depressive
psychosis
multiple personality:
multiple personality,
split personality
nonstop talking:
logomania
odor hallucination:
phantosmia
overeating, pathologic:
hyperphagia
perception of sights, sounds, smells that
arent there:
hallucination
persecution, delusions of:
paranoia
pregnant, delusion that one is:
pseudocyesis
primitive behavior, reverting to:
atavism
psychosis involving thought processes,
moods, emotion:
schizophrenia
schizophrenia marked by constant silly grin:
hebephrenia
shock therapy:
electroconvulsive therapy
stupor marked by muteness, motionless-
catatonia
unstable or rapidly changing moods:
lability
insatiable
unquenchable, ravenous, vora-
cious, unappeasable, gluttonous, greedy, un-
satis
able, wanting, desiring, *hungry for
more.
. satiable, satis\b
able.
inscribe
write, print, engrave, carve, sign,
mark, imprint, impress, autograph.
inscription
wording, message, statement, ep-
itaph, epigraph, blurb, imprint, impression,
signature, autograph, dedication, engraving.
inscrutable
unfathomable, mysterious, enig-
Z9241i_I.indd 316
5/25/10 12:25:59 PM
impudent, arrogant, *nervy, *smart-alecky,
*wise, *\n
ip, cheeky, insulting.
. respectful,
deferential, courteous.
insomnia
sleeplessness, insomnolence, rest-
lessness, wakefulness, sl
eep disorder, sleep
deprivation, sleep latency, tossing and turn-
ing, *curse of Hypnos.
INSOLVENT
[in SAWL vunt] unable to pay
ones bills or debts.
e company became in-
solvent and declared bankruptcy.
debted, ruined, *behind, *broke, wiped out,
bankrupt, penniless, in arrears, *in the red,
*in the hole, *strapped, *hard up.
. solvent,
in the black, pro\b
table.
insouciant
carefree, lighthearted, buoyant,
happy-go-lucky, untroubled, devil-may-
care, airy, free and easy, sunny.
. anxious,
troubled, worried.
inspect
examine, scrutinize, look over, check,
eye, scan, study, survey, peruse, probe, *give
the once-over.
inspection
examination, scrutiny, check,
scan, study, survey, perusal, probe, *once-
over, audit, inventory.
inspector
examiner, tester, checker, investi-
5/25/10 12:25:59 PM
britches.
. subordinate, deferential, obe-
dient, compliant.
insubordination
disobedience, de
ance, re-
bellion, noncompliance, noncooperation,
dissension, revolt, insurrection, resistance.
. subordination, obedience, deference.
insubstantial
1.  \n imsy, airy, tenuous,
Z9241i_I.indd 318
5/25/10 12:25:59 PM
intelligentsia
literati, brains, geniuses, brain
trust, intellectuals, academia.
intelligible
clear, comprehensible, under-
standable, plain, distinct, unmistakable, un-
ambiguous.
. unintelligible, unclear, in-
comprehensible.
intend
plan, have in mind, mean, aim at, as-
pire to, propose, expect, design, 
gure on,
plot, scheme, devise.
intended
planned, designed, meant, devised,
Z9241i_I.indd 319
5/25/10 12:26:00 PM
chatting shorthand for by the wayŽ
Z9241i_I.indd 320
5/25/10 12:26:00 PM
Z9241i_I.indd 321
5/25/10 12:26:00 PM
multimedia links allowing the download-
ing of graphics, videos, or audio 
les:
hypermedia
music (MP3 
les) downloading and trad-
ing application:
Napster
music storage and transmission in digital
format, standard of:
transfer 
le from anothers computer to
yours:
download
transfer 
le to anothers computer from
yours:
upload
transmission channel using 
ber-optic or
coaxial cable, high speed, high capac-
ity:
broadband
transmission circuit superior to regular
phone circuit:
DSL (Digital Subscriber
Line)
Z9241i_I.indd 322
5/25/10 12:26:00 PM
transmission service via telephone lines:
dial-up
TTYL:
chatting shorthand for talk to you
laterŽ
suspiciously precise recall or alibi of where
and what one was doing on a speci
day long ago:
selective recall
technique in which detective plays down
seriousness of crime in order to relax
a suspect:
minimization
technique in which detective tries to con-
vince suspect the police have much
more evidence than they really do:
maximization
witness to crime who embellishes facts in
order to be more involved:
inventive
witness
interrupt
1. \f *butt in, break in, cut in,
*chime in, interject, inject, horn in, speak out
of turn, obtrude, disturb, interfere. 2. 
suspend, halt, discontinue, break o
intersect
cross, traverse, bisect, divide, cross-
cut.
intersperse
sprinkle, strew, scatter, pepper,
distribute, di
use, disseminate, broadcast.
intertwine
entwine, tie, interweave, braid,
Z9241i_I.indd 323
5/25/10 12:26:01 PM
intimation
suggestion, hint, clue, inkling, al-
lusion, insinuation, implication, tip, innu-
endo.
intimidate
scare, frighten, cow, threaten,
daunt, bully, unnerve, terrify, terrorize, awe,
appall, silence, coerce, strong-arm, twist
ones arm, put the fear of God into.
intimidating
threatening, inhibiting, demor-
alizing, scary, frightening, daunting, terri-
fying, unnerving, emasculating, silencing,
powerful, formidable, commanding respect.
. reassuring, conciliatory.
intolerable
insu
erable, unbearable, unen-
durable, agonizing, excruciating, unaccept-
able, too much, extreme, monstrous, unrea-
sonable, outrageous.
. tolerable, accept-
able.
intolerant
bigoted, illiberal, closed-minded,
narrow-minded, prejudiced, uncharitable,
inconsiderate, biased, chauvinistic, sexist,
racist, *homophobic, xenophobic, misan-
thropic, contemptuous, disdainful, arrogant.
. tolerant, liberal, open-minded.
intonation
modulation, in\n
ection.
intoxicated
drunk, inebriated, tipsy, besotted,
soused.
. sober, *on the wagon.
INTRACTABLE
[in TRAK tuh bul] unman-
ageable, uncontrollable or stubborn.
two-year-old is famous for his intractable de-
meanor.
. unmanageable, uncontrollable,
stubborn, disobedient, rebellious, obstinate,
ungovernable, di
cult, headstrong, con-
trary, unruly, wild, intransigent.
. obedi-
ent, docile, compliant, easy.
INTRANSIGENT
[in TRAN si junt] uncom-
promising and stubborn.
Smith was intran-
sigent; nobody could negotiate with him and
win.
. uncompromising, stubborn, ob-
stinate, mulish, pigheaded, unbending, un-
yielding, rigid, steadfast, die-hard, resolute,
*hard-nosed, persistent.
. compromising,
yielding, 
exible, *easy.
[in TREP id] fearless, coura-
geous.
e intrepid explorers bushwhacked
their way deeper into the jungle.
. fearless,
courageous, brave, dauntless, bold, daring,
*gutsy, *ballsy, adventurous, valiant, lion-
hearted, game, plucky, heroic.
. cowardly,
frightened, mousy, *wimpy, craven.
intricate
complex, complicated, involved,
convoluted, knotty, labyrinthine, elaborate,
sophisticated, thorny, perplexing, tough.
. simple, uninvolved, easy.
intrigue
plotting, scheme, machination, con-
spiracy, maneuver, 
nagling, manipulation,
trickery, double-dealing, cabal.
intrigue
 scheme, machinate, conspire,
maneuver, 
nagle, manipulate, trick, double-
deal. 2. \f fascinate, pique ones in-
terest, attract, grab, captivate, excite, appeal,
draw, arouse.
intriguing
interesting, fascinating, captivat-
ing, exciting, arousing curiosity, thought-
Z9241i_I.indd 324
5/25/10 12:26:01 PM
instinct, *vibes, inkling, perception, dis-
cernment, apprehension.
intuitive
instinctive, *gut, innate, natural, in-
herent, automatic, *seat of the pants, percep-
tive, psychic.
. learned, practiced, dense.
inundate
ood, deluge, engulf, drown,
swamp, submerge, overwhelm, overpower,
glut, bury.
inure
habituate, accustom, harden, desensi-
tize, season, toughen, temper, acclimate.
invade
encroach, trespass,
attack, assault, as-
sail, strike, storm, swarm, blitz, occupy,
overrun, intrude, interlope, *gate-crash.
invalid
sick person, convalescent, cripple,
shut-in, patient.
invalid
1.    unenforceable,
impotent, nonviable, inoperative, useless,
worthless, not binding. 2.  unfounded,
wrong, untrue, fallacious, baseless, unsub-
stantiated, unproven. 3.  weak, feeble,
bedridden, disabled, crippled, in
rm, frail.
. 1. valid, viable, binding. 2. true, substan-
tiated, correct. 3. strong, able-bodied.
invalidate
void, nullify, annul, cancel, repeal,
countermand, revoke, negate, disqualify,
quash.
. validate.
invaluable
valuable, priceless, precious, in-
dispensable, helpful, *worth its weight in
gold.
. worthless.
invariable
unvarying, unchanging, constant,
steady, consistent, unwavering, stable, reg-
ular, uniform, unbroken, undeviating.
.
variable, varying, changing, inconstant.
invasion
attack, assault, strike, storm, en-
croachment, trespass,
incursion, intrusion,
onslaught, infringement, o
ensive, blitz.
[in VEK tiv] a verbal attack, in-
sults, criticism.
He continued his invective
until she was in tears
. . verbal attack, ver-
bal abuse, censure, tongue-lashing, vili
tion, diatribe, tirade, disparagement, con-
demnation, harsh words, sarcasm.
inveigh
verbally attack, rail against, assail, vi-
tuperate, censure, denounce, vilify, criticize,
scold, castigate, condemn, remonstrate.
inveigle
entice, lure, seduce, *suck in, tempt,
tantalize, manipulate, cajole, bait, *string
along, *rope in, *lead on.
invent
1. \f devise, come up with, think
up, originate, design, shape, conceive, forge,
fabricate, improvise, concoct, develop, fash-
ion. 2.  fabricate, 
b, prevaricate, *tell a
white lie, distort, trump up, make up.
invention
1. \f innovation, concoc-
tion, *brainchild, original, design, composi-
tion, fabrication, construction, contrivance,
formulation, discovery. Bringing out the
Z9241i_I.indd 325
5/25/10 12:26:01 PM
invigorating
energizing, enlivening, refresh-
ing, stimulating, vitalizing, restorative, brac-
ing, strengthening, animating.
. tiring,
somnolent, weakening.
invincible
unconquerable, unbeatable, inde-
structible, indomitable, invulnerable, insu-
perable, impregnable, mighty, powerful, in-
violable.
. vulnerable, weak, conquerable.
invisible
imperceptible, imperceivable, im-
palpable, intangible, hidden, indiscernible,
out of sight, unseen, transparent.
. visi-
ble, perceivable, palpable.
invitation
bidding, summons, call, request,
solicitation.
invite
ask for, beckon, summon, request, so-
licit, bid, court, woo, petition.
inviting
alluring, enticing, tempting, attrac-
Z9241i_I.indd 326
5/25/10 12:26:02 PM
irreproachable
beyond reproach, blameless,
faultless, inculpable, unblemished, above sus-
picion, *squeaky clean, virtuous, innocent,
pure, upright.
. reproachable, to blame.
irresistible
overwhelming, overpowering,
powerful, potent, compelling, invincible,
unconquerable, fascinating, charming, al-
luring, captivating, seductive.
. resistible,
powerless.
irresolute
wavering, indecisive, vacillating,
undecided, dubious, wishy-washy, doubtful,
Islamic
Muslim, Moslem, Muhammadan,
Mohammedan, Shiite, Sunni.  \f
Z9241i_I.indd 327
5/25/10 12:26:02 PM
jab
poke, thrust, punch, hit, strike, prod, stab.
jabber
chatter, gibber, prattle, babble, *run o
at the mouth, yak, prate, palaver.
Z9241i_J.indd 328
5/25/10 12:26:03 PM
jewel
1.  stone, precious stone, semipre-
cious stone, *rock, birthstone, bauble, ba-
Z9241i_J.indd 329
5/25/10 12:26:04 PM
domed gemstone, any:
cabochon
earring, dangling:
drop earring
earring, dangling and showy like a chan-
delier:
chandelier earrings
earring, large, circular:
hoop earring
engraving and carving, art of:
glyptography
fake diamond made of rock crystal:
Bohe-
mian diamond
fake gemstone glass:
paste; rhinestone
open, pierced mounting like decorative
woodwork on stern of old sailing ship:
gallery
ornament suspended from chain or neck-
pendant
Z9241i_J.indd 330
5/25/10 12:26:04 PM
jiggle
wiggle, shake, shimmy, twitch, joggle,
jig, bib, vibrate, rock, bounce.
jilt
reject, dump, cast o
, drop, *give the mit-
ten, spurn, break o
, forsake, *give the brush
, ditch, *drop a bomb on.
jingle
clang, tinkle, tingle, jangle, ring, clang,
chime, ding, tintinnabulate.
curse, spell, hex, invocation, evil eye,
*whammy, *double whammy, voodoo, hoo-
doo, black magic, *bête noire.
jitterbug
dance, Lindy Hop, swing dance.
jitters
joint
Sl.
Z9241i_J.indd 331
5/25/10 12:26:05 PM
powerful strings.Ž„Lyndon Johnson. \n
\f\n\b, \b\b\f
journey
trip, wayfaring, tour, excursion, trav-
el, expedition, odyssey, voyage, drive, jour-
ney, peregrination, trek, cruise, safari, ad-
judicial
1. \b judiciary, juristic, forensic.
2. \t\b careful, thoughtful, analytical,
discriminating, discerning, perceptive, keen.
3. \f\b\n.
. 2. obtuse, undiscriminat-
\n \b
JUDICIOUS
[joo DISH us] having or using
sound judgment.
We rely on the Supreme
Court to make judicious decisions.
\n \f. wise,
sound, sensible, sage, sagacious, mindful,
careful, well-considered, rational, thought-
ful, astute, keen, persipacious, discriminat-
ing.
. injudicious, senseless, thoughtless,
irrational, careless.
judo
martial art, self-defense technique, throws.
martial arts:
jujitsu, karate, tae kwon do
jug
vessel, receptacle, container, pitcher, jar,
bottle, vase.
JUGGERNAUT
[JUG ur not] any large, pow-
Z9241i_J.indd 332
5/25/10 12:26:05 PM
jump
1. \b hop, bound, vault, hurdle,
spring, dive, pounce, rise, leapfrog, bounce,
lunge, buck. 2.  start, 
inch, wince,
bolt, jerk. 3. \f\b\n surge, advance, esca-
late, rise, gain, boost.
jumpy
nervous, restless, jittery, skittish, edgy,
on edge, \r
jurist
lawyer, attorney, attorney-at-law, coun-
sel, counselor, legal advisor, judge, justice,
magistrate.
jury
Z9241i_J.indd 333
5/25/10 12:26:05 PM
KAFKAESQUE
[KAHF kuh ESK] surre-
al or nightmarish, as the writings of Franz
As the drug took e
ect, the captives
surroundings took on an increasingly Kaf-
kaesque quality.
. surreal, nightmarish,
weird, bizarre, fantastic, freakish, mon-
strous, unbelievable, dreamy.
keen
1. \b\t cutting, razor-sharp, knife-
edged, honed, pointed. 2. \t\n \b\f\n\r cut-
Z9241i_K.indd 334
5/25/10 12:26:06 PM
kindly
kind, nice, compassionate, consider-
ate, good, benevolent, generous, charitable,
bighearted, understanding, gracious, loving,
Z9241i_K.indd 335
5/25/10 12:26:07 PM
pat, have memorized, *know backward and
forward, *have down cold. 2.  \f\n-
 !\n be familiar with, be intimate with,
be close to, be on good terms with, associate
with. 3. \n\n\r\n discern, recognize, dis-
criminate, di
erentiate.
know-how
expertise, skill, capability, ability,
experience, savvy, talent, pro
ciency, knack,
air, command, mastery, *the right stu
. ignorance, inexperience, incompetence.
knowing
knowledgeable, informed, aware,
conscious, perceptive, astute, schooled, ed-
ucated, learned, enlightened, intelligent, so-
phisticated, worldly, shrewd, clever, bright,
insightful, wise.
. unenlightened, igno-
rant, obtuse, dense.
know-it-all
*walking encyclopedia, *brain, in-
tellectual, *professor, *blowhard, *windbag.
knowledge
1. \f\n\f familiarity,
awareness, understanding, apprehension,
conversance, appreciation, consciousness,
cognizance, realization, perception, enlight-
enment, experience, recognition, memo-
ry. 
e wing wherewith we 
y to heaven.Ž„
Shakespeare. An unending adventure at
the edge of uncertainty.Ž„Jacob Bronows-
ki. 
e only instrument of production that
Z9241i_K.indd 336
5/25/10 12:26:07 PM
lab
 \b\t\b\n
label
drying bowl in which air is removed:
iccator
ask, conical:
Erlenmeyer 
ame heating apparatus:
Bunsen burner
heat released during chemical reactions,
measures:
Z9241i_L.indd 337
5/25/10 12:26:09 PM
lackey
toady, servant, footman, slave, stooge,
*brownnose, *yes-man, 
unky, underling, in-
ferior.
lackluster
dull, drab, colorless, bland, 
at,
*blah, boring, lifeless, dead, *ho-hum.
.
vivid, radiant, colorful, interesting.
LACONIC
[luh KON ik] employing few
words, terse.
e laconic waiter grunted a
one-word reply.
\n. terse, brief, short, con-
diminishing process from lake to pond to
marsh to swamp:
eutrophication, suc-
cession
epoch when most lakes formed:
Pleistocene
expert on:
limnologist
glacial:
Z9241i_L.indd 338
5/25/10 12:26:09 PM
ll
dump, toxic waste site, disposal area,
hazardous waste dump.
landlord
Z9241i_L.indd 339
5/25/10 12:26:10 PM
late
1. \t\b\n overdue, behind, delayed, lag-
ging, slow, held up. 2. \b\r\t new, mod-
ern, current, up-to-the-minute, fresh. 3. -
\r dead, extinct, defunct, bygone, for-
mer, past, previous.
. 1. punctual, on
time. 2. early, old. 3. existing, living.
lately
adv.
of late, recently, a short time ago, now.
LATENT
[LAYT unt] existing or present be-
neath the surface, hidden.
He possessed a
latent talent that only occasionally emerged.
\n. dormant, hidden, under the surface,
ing, tittering, snickering, merriment, hilar-
ity, mirth, glee, jollity. A smile that burst.Ž„
Patricia Nelson. A noisy smile.Ž„Steven
Goldberg. A universal bond that draws all
men closer.Ž„Nathan Ausubel. A tranquil-
izer with no side e
ects.Ž„Arnold Glasow.
launch
1. \t\b\t inaugurate, begin, com-
mence, institute, *start the ball rolling, usher
in, break ground, open. 2. \t  send forth,
propel, discharge, \f
re o
Z9241i_L.indd 340
5/25/10 12:26:10 PM
lawful
legal, allowable, legitimate, licit, with-
in the law, sanctioned, permissible, constitu-
tional, rightful.
. illegal, unlawful, illicit.
lawless
anarchic, ungoverned, unchecked,
unruly, felonious, criminal, nihilistic, barba-
rous, uncivilized, savage, chaotic.
. law-
ful, civilized, law-abiding.
lawn
yard, grass, grounds, turf, sward, green-
sward, green.
lawsuit
suit, action, litigation, case, claim,
prosecution, dispute. A machine which you
go into as a pig and come out as a sausage.Ž„
Ambrose Bierce.  \r\b\t
lawyer
attorney, counselor, counsel, legal ad-
visor, advocate, jurist, member of the bar,
public defender, solicitor, barrister. Per-
ilous mouths.Ž„Shakespeare. A learned
gentleman who rescues your estate from
your enemies and keeps it himself.Ž„Henry
Brougham. 
ose who earn a living by the
sweat of their browbeating.Ž„James Hunek-
er. One skilled in the circumvention of the
law.Ž„Ambrose Bierce.  \r\b\t, 
slack, loose, remiss, careless, negligent, in-
attentive, devil-may-care, sloppy, casual, in-
exact, *asleep at the wheel.
. careful, con-
scientious, strict.
laxative
cathartic, purging agent, physic.
lay
position, layout, arrangement, con\f
tion, form, orientation.
lay
Z9241i_L.indd 341
5/25/10 12:26:10 PM
Z9241i_L.indd 342
5/25/10 12:26:10 PM
legion
mass, multitude, crowd, throng, pack,
army, swarm, horde, mob, scores.
legislation
bill, act, law, statute, code, ordi-
nance, rule, regulation, charter, constitution.
 \b\t, \t\r
legislator
lawmaker, lawgiver, politician, rep-
resentative, congressman, senator, select-
man, assemblyman, councilman.  -
\t\r, \r\t
legislature
congress, senate, house of rep-
resentatives, parliament, assembly, council.
 \r \b, \t\r
legitimate
1.  legal, licit, *legit, stat-
utory, constitutional. 2.  authentic,
*for-real, true, *legit, *on the level, *kosher,
*OK.
. 1. unlawful, illegal, illicit. 2. fake,
dishonest, fraudulent.
leisure
repose, ease, freedom, liberty, rest,
recreation, relaxation, unemployment, idle
hours, respite, *downtime. 
e time you
Z9241i_L.indd 343
5/25/10 12:26:11 PM
lightheartedness, foolis
hness, silliness, buoy-
ancy, mirth, merriment, whimsy, giddiness.
. seriousness, gravity, somberness.
levy
tax, tari
, toll, assessment, duty, revenue,
dues, fee, collection, imposition.
levy
impose, exact, assess, tax, \f
x, lay on,
charge, collect, wrest, tithe.
lewd
lascivious, lecherous, lustful, libidinous,
salacious, licentious, obscene, vulgar, inde-
cent, immodest, suggestive, X-rated, lurid.
. chaste, pure, upright, wholesome, clean.
lexicon
dictionary, thesaurus, glossary, word
book, vocabulary.
liability
1. \b\t\n accountability,
burden, blame, obligation. 2. \t indebt-
edness, obligation, due, debit. 3. \b\r
disadvantage, hindrance, handicap, impedi-
ment, encumbrance, millstone, burden.
.
1. immunity. 2. asset. 3. advantage, plus.
liable
1. \b accountable, answer-
able, obligated, subject, bound. 2. \n
apt, probable, prone, disposed, given, sub-
ject, open, susceptible.
. 1. immune, ex-
empt. 2. unlikely.
liaison
1. \r connection, a
liation,
hookup, union, association, linkup, com-
munication. 2.  \b romance, 
ing,
amour, tryst, *hanky-panky.
prevaricator, fabricator, \f
bber, deceiver,
perjurer, cheater, dissembler, *con artist.
[LYE bul] published statements that
are untrue, malicious, and damaging to
ones reputation.
e tabloid was recent-
ly sued for libel.
\n. slander, defamation,
smear, malicious gossip, falsehood, dirty lie,
yellow journalism, innuendo, aspersion. 
, \b
libel
slander, defame, smear, scandalize, ma-
lign, denigrate, *drag through the mud, slur,
discredit, *give a black eye.
libelous
slanderous, defamatory, scandalous,
denigrating, untrue, false, malicious, injuri-
ous, maligning, discrediting, made up.
.
true, proven, accurate.
liberal
progressive, reformer, le
ist, le
winger, libertarian, radical. *bleeding heart,
*sucker for a sob story. A man too broad-
minded to take his own side in a quarrel.Ž„
Robert Frost.
liberal
1. \b giving, free-handed,
charitable, openhanded, lavish, philanthrop-
ic, bountiful, unsparing. 2. \t plen-
tiful, ample, copious, rife, rich, lavish, large.
3. \b\t\b\r\t loose, unrestrictive, free,
unstrict. 4. \t\b\t broad-minded, open-
minded, unprejudiced, accepting, unbiased,
indulgent. 5. \b \b reformist, le
wing, le
ist, radical.
. 1. stingy, cheap,
tight\t
sted. 2. sparse, skimpy. 3. strict, liter-
al. 4. intolerant, prejudiced, close-minded. 5.
conservative, right-wing.
liberal arts
academic disciplines, studies,
general education, the trivium and quadriv-
ium, language, literature, philosophy, histo-
ry, mathematics, science.
liberate
free, release, emancipate, loose, un-
shackle, deliver, manumit, unbind, extricate,
rescue.
. enslave, subjugate, shackle.
liberation
freedom, liberty, release, emanci-
pation, unshackling, deliverance, manumis-
sion, salvation, extrication, rescue.
. en-
slavement, subjugation, imprisonment.
liberty
freedom, release, emancipation, lib-
Z9241i_L.indd 344
5/25/10 12:26:11 PM
lie
prevarication, fabrication, \f
b, falsehood,
story, *cock-and-bull story, little white
lie, *whopper, untruth, perjury, \f
ction, de-
1. \t elevate, heave, raise, boost, jack
up, erect, upraise, hike, he
. 2. \t swipe,
pinch, pocket, shopli
, pilfer. 3. \b can-
cel, annul, rescind.
. 1. drop. 3. impose.
launch, take-o
, blast-o
, ignition, \f
ring.
light
1. \b\r luminescence, illumina-
tion, radiation, glow, shine, incandescence,
ulgence, 
ash, glare, brilliance, glimmer.
2.  beacon, lantern, candle, torch, 
. 1. dark, gloom, blackness.
light
1. \t spotlight, shine, irradiate,
Z9241i_L.indd 345
5/25/10 12:26:12 PM
radio noise and static caused by:
atmo-
spherics; whistlers
spherical 
yer:
ball lightning
likable
winning, agreeable, charming, at-
tractive, nice, pleasing, pleasant, appealing,
limitless
unlimited, boundless, unrestricted,
nite, neverending, immeasurable, incal-
culable, innumerable, vast.
. limited, \t
nite.
limp
hobble, falter, favor one leg, drag one foot,
walk lamely, stagger, shu!
e, hitch, move halt-
ingly, hop, totter, take mincing steps.
limp
accid, drooping, wilted, so
, slack, 
ab-
by, weak, lax.
. rigid, \t
rm, sti
, strong
limpid
clear, transparent, pellucid, crystal,
like glass, translucent.
. cloudy, muddy.
1.  \b score, underscore, under-
line, stripe, stroke, dash, streak, slash, de-
marcation. 2. \b course, column, series,
succession, queue, procession, chain, series,
train, string, \f
le, tier. 3. \r\b string, twine,
rope, cable, \f
lament, thread, strand. 4. 
 \b business, calling, specialty, interest,
Z9241i_L.indd 346
5/25/10 12:26:12 PM
insincerity, empty talk, empty gesture, token
agreement, tokenism, show, hollow words,
attery, smooth talk, duplicity.
liquefy
dissolve, thaw, melt.
liquid
uid, water, solution, aqua, juice, ex-
tract, broth, soup.
liquid
uid, running, 
Z9241i_L.indd 347
5/25/10 12:26:12 PM
juvenile, undeveloped.
. 1. big, huge, gi-
gantic. 2. ample, su\n
cient. 3. protracted, pro-
longed. 4. strong, powerful. 5. big, adult.
liturgy
ritual, service, rite, ceremony, worship.
livable
habitable, comfortable, satisfactory,
adequate, tolerable, homey, *equipped with
creature comforts.
. uninhabitable, intol-
erable.
1. "\t live and breathe, draw breath,
survive, be alive, function, subsist, persist,
endure, last. 2. \b dwell, inhabit, occu-
py, lodge, *hang ones hat.
. 1. die, expire,
perish
1.  alive, breathing, animate, vi-
tal, conscious, *alive and kicking, viable. 2.
Z9241i_L.indd 348
5/25/10 12:26:12 PM
lodge
summer house, cabin, camp, cottage,
Z9241i_L.indd 349
5/25/10 12:26:13 PM
long-winded
wordy, verbose, prolix, *windy,
use, rambling, circumlocutory, overlong,
endless, interminable.
. brief, short, to
the point.
look
1. "\b appearance, face, aspect,
bearing, guise, impression, air, fashion. 2.
\r glimpse, eye, regard, stare, gander, in-
spection, *once-over, scrutiny, examination.
look
1.  regard, behold, check out, inspect,
examine, view, observe, scrutinize, notice,
*take a gander, *feast ones eyes on, survey,
Z9241i_L.indd 350
5/25/10 12:26:13 PM
course, adri
. 3. \t\b\n ruined, wiped
out, wrecked, obliterated. 4. \t squan-
dered, misspent, exhausted. 5.  
\t \t absorbed, dreaming, rapt, preoc-
cupied, engrossed, abstracted, far away. 6.
\b confused.
. 1. found, uncov-
ered, retrieved. 2. oriented, on course, having
ones bearings. 3. preserved, saved.
lot
1. \b\r   plot, acreage, tract, real
estate, subdivision. 2. \b\t share, allot-
ment, allowance, interest, part, percentage.
3. \b\t fate, *hand one is dealt, destiny,
portion, status, doom, *the way the cookie
crumbles. 4.  \b\t  much, quantity,
piles, slews, loads, scores, tons, abundance,
plenty, oodles.
lothario
womanizer, lady-killer, seducer, rake,
lover, *wolf, philanderer, Don Juan, Casano-
va, Romeo.
lotion
cream, ointment, balm, salve, embro-
cation, conditioner, liniment, unguent.
lottery
drawing, game of chance, Lotto, sweep-
stakes, ra!
e, numbers game, gambling.
loud
1. \b earsplitting, deafening,
piercing, thundering, booming, stentori-
an, intense, clamorous, noisy, vociferous,
*enough to wake the dead, powerful, roar-
ing, cacophonous. 2. \n 
ashy, garish,
blinding, splashy, ostentatious, vivid, cheap.
. 1. quiet, low, so\b
, silent. 2. tasteful, un-
derstated.
loudmouthed
bigmouthed, obnoxious, blus-
tering, bellowing, vociferous, boisterous,
strident, clamorous.
. reticent, shy, qui-
et, taciturn.
lounge
1. \n waiting room, reception
room, anteroom. 2. \r\r\t   club,
bar, saloon, disco.
lounge
Z9241i_L.indd 351
5/25/10 12:26:13 PM
shallow, expended, running out. 3. \n
depressed, melancholy, *bummed out, miser-
able, blue, downhearted, dejected, glum, dis-
couraged, sad, heavyhearted. 4.  little,
paltry, slight, modest, slim, puny, de\f
cient,
humble. 5.  despicable, bad, evil, base,
Z9241i_L.indd 352
5/25/10 12:26:14 PM
lumber
clump, plod, stump, trudge, stamp,
*clomp, drag, waddle, move heavily, move
awkwardly.
lumberjack
logger, woodcutter.
luminary
celebrity, star, *superstar, *VIP, no-
table, personality, dignitary, *big name, *big-
shot, *bigwig, *toast of the town.
. nobody.
luminous
1. \b \t glowing, aglow, shining,
illuminated, lighted, brilliant, radiant, lit, re-
splendent, luminescent, lustrous. 2. \r\b
understandable, lucid, comprehendable, in-
telligible, perspicuous, plain, obvious.
. 1.
dark, dim, black. 2. cloudy, confusing, vague.
lummox
oaf, clod, *klutz, *big ape, lunkhead,
lout, clodhopper.
clump, chunk, mass, gob, ball, hunk,
piece, bulk, scrap, bump, protuberance,
swelling, bulge, prominence, node, knot.
lunacy
craziness, insanity,
psychosis, madness,
dementia, folly, foolishness, idiocy, *wacki-
ness, *nuttiness, stupidity, silliness, imbecility.
. sanity, rationality, sensibleness.
lunatic
psychopath, maniac, madman, psy-
chotic, sociopath, *schizo, *psycho, *whacko,
*nut, *kook, *loony, *screwball, crackbrain.
 \t\n
lunatic
 \r\b\n
luncheon, dinner, bite to eat, brunch,
meal, déjeuner.
respiratory organ.
lunge
thrust, plunge, charge, pounce, jump,
rush, spring, leap, pass, jab, stab.
lunge
thrust, plunge, charge, pounce, jump,
rush, spring, leap, pass, jab, stab.
lurch
pitch, jerk, heave, slip, roll, stagger, sway,
lunge, plunge, toss, reel, tilt.
enticement, bait, temptation, *carrot,
Z9241i_L.indd 353
5/25/10 12:26:14 PM
MACABRE
[muh KAHB ruh] gruesome,
ghastly, denoting the horrors of death.
macabre account of torture and murder was a
bestseller.
. gruesome, ghastly, horrifying,
horrible, grim, grisly, deathly, morbid, fright-
ful, lurid, eerie, ghostly, spooky, unearthly.
macaroni
pasta, shells.  \b
MACHIAVELLIAN
deceitful and cra\t
y, wily.
e politician was
Machiavellian in his dealings with rivals.
deceitful, cra\t
y, wily, duplicitous, expedient,
cunning, scheming, conniving, devious, sly,
unscrupulous.
. honorable, straightfor-
ward, honest.
MACHINATION
[mak uh NAY shun] a
plot or scheme, especially of devious in-
tent.
He won the nomination through behind-
the-scenes machinations.
. plot, plotting,
scheme, scheming, engineering, string-pull-
ing, design, contrivance, ploy, maneuver, arti-
ce, *skulduggery, *backdoor dealing, device.
mechanism, apparatus, device, ap-
pliance, engine, motor, contraption, vehicle,
madcap
reckless, wild, impulsive, crazy, rash,
imprudent, foolish, foolhardy.
. prudent,
sensible, cautious.
maddening
infuriating, aggravating, exas-
perating, enraging, galling, provoking, ril-
ing, troubling, irritating, annoying, outra-
geous, frustrating,
. encouraging, settling,
ful
lling.
made-up
ctional, \n
ctitious, invented, fab-
ricated, contrived, thought up, dreamed up,
concocted.
. true, factual, real.
madhouse
insane asylum, *loony bin, mental
hospital, *laughing academy, mental institu-
tion, psychiatric hospital, *nuthouse, *boo-
by hatch, chaos, bedlam.
psychopath, psychotic, *psycho, luna-
tic, schizophrenic, maniac, sociopath, *sicko,
*kook, *nut.
insanity, craziness, psychosis, lunacy,
schizophrenia, dementia, derangement, men-
tal illness, *nuttiness, mania, delusion of gran-
deur. 
at reckless \n
re.Ž„Edmund Gosse.
A common calamity; we are all mad at some
time or other.Ž„Johannes Mantuanus. 
, , \r, \b
maelstrom
1. \r vortex, eddy, swirl,
Charybdis. 2. \b\b turmoil, turbulence,
uproar, madness, confusion, unbalance.
maestro
master, conductor, composer, mas-
ter musician, music teacher, instructor.
*the mob, Cosa Nostra, organized
crime, the underworld, Black Hand, the
Syndicate, gangland.
advisor to chief:
consigliere
arrested:
pinched
blackmail or scare someone for money:
shakedown
business enterprises:
loan sharking, money
laundering, drug tra
cking, gambling,
labor racketeering, counterfeiting, ex-
tortion, prostitution, gangland killings
chief:
boss, capo, chairman, don
code of silence:
omerta
crime family:
borgata, brugad
Z9241i_M.indd 354
5/25/10 12:26:16 PM
waste management business,
garbage business
gambling pro
ts without declaring on tax-
es, to take:
piece
gun, carrying a:
heavy, packing
inducted into the Ma
informer:
canary, rat, squealer
interest paid to loan sharks:
juice
intimidates, threatens, beats up, or kills;
one who:
enforcer
legal protection for testifying against:
Wit-
ness Protection Program
loans money at exorbitant interest rate:
loanshark
low-ranking member:
soldier
member of:
goodfella, Ma\n
oso, mobster,
wiseguy
membership in:
the books
mistress of Ma
a member:
comare
money paid to shut someone up:
hush
money
murder, to:
whack, hit, burn, put a contract
out on.
powerless wannabe:
empty suit
t, illegal:
gra\t
ruling members:
administration
second-in-command:
caporegime, under-
boss
slipping away by various means from some-
one who may be following on foot or in
a car:
cleaning
soldiers, group of:
crew
stolen car:
bent car
stolen goods:
stolen goods, one who receives or sells:
fence
surveil ones comings and goings:
clock
underling, stupid:
babbo
Z9241i_M.indd 355
5/25/10 12:26:17 PM
mail
Z9241i_M.indd 356
5/25/10 12:26:17 PM
abused as a child and had a malevolent dis-
position.
. malicious, mean, vicious, nas-
ty, hostile, spiteful, evil, malignant, vindic-
tive, hateful, wicked, venomous, bitter.
.
kind, benevolent, warm, bighearted.
malformation
abnormality, deformity,
anomaly, mutation, irregularity, freak, mon-
ster, monstrosity.
malformed
deformed, misshapen, distort-
ed, mutated, grotesque, irregular, crooked,
misproportioned, freakish, stunted, hunch-
backed.
. well-formed, perfect, impeccable.
malfunction
breakdown, *glitch, *bug, *grem-
lin, *snafu, failure, snag, foul-up, jam, *com-
puter virus.
MALICE
[MAL iss] the desire to hurt others,
ill will.
e humiliating loss 
lled him with
malice.
. ill will, spite, maliciousness, ha-
tred, malevolence, evil intent, malignance,
venom, animosity, bitterness, vengefulness,
viciousness, bad blood, meanness.
. love,
compassion, kindness.
malicious
spiteful, hurtful, vicious, malig-
nant, malevolent, hateful, bitter, venomous,
nasty, mean, wicked, pernicious, vengeful,
harmful.
. loving, kind, compassionate,
benevolent.
malign
defame, slander, denigrate, disparage,
vilify, run down, *bad-mouth, mudsling, in-
sult, smear, revile, *drag ones name through
the mud, slur.
malignant
Z9241i_M.indd 357
5/25/10 12:26:17 PM
essential, imperative, *a must.
. elective,
optional, unnecessary.
man-eater
cannibal, anthropophagite. 
\b
1.  strategy, scheme, arti-
ce, gambit, tactic, ruse, dodge, feint, sub-
terfuge, ploy, play, machination. 2. \b
 exercise, deployment, war game,
tactics, movements, operations, 
anking
maneuver.
1. \b scheme, engineer,
machinate, plot, intrigue, contrive, *\n
nagle,
*pull strings. 2.  direct, handle, steer,
drive, navigate, negotiate, pilot, jockey.
mangle
mutilate, cut, tear, hack, rip, lacerate,
slice, slash, dis\n gure, crush, bruise, maim,
damage.
mangy
shabby, \n
lthy, dingy, dirty, ragged,
scru
women:
gynemania
woods:
hylomania
madman, lunatic, psychotic, *psy-
cho, psychopath, sociopath, *nut, *nutcase,
*mental case, *sicko, *loony.  \b,
, \r
maniacal
crazy, insane, raving, *out of ones
mind, demented, deranged, crazed, psy-
chotic, *psycho, *
ipped out, *nuts, *wigged
out.
. sane, rational, stable.
manic
excited, agitated, *wired, *hyper, hyper-
active, *worked-up, frantic, frenzied, *high,
hysterical.
. calm, tranquil, depressed,
down.
manifest
show, reveal, make plain, expose,
exhibit, materialize, display, illustrate, ex-
press, bring to light, demonstrate.
. hide,
conceal, cover up.
MANIFEST
[MAN uh FEST] obvious, vis-
ible, evident.
at he was sincere was man-
ifest.
. obvious, visible, evident, clear,
plain, apparent, distinct, showing, glaring,
in full view, unmistakable, prominent.
.
invisible, unapparent, uncertain, ambiguous.
manifestation
form, demonstration, evidence,
exhibition, display, indication, example, illus-
tration, expression, proof, testimony.
MANIFESTO
[MAN uh FES toh] a public
declaration of political doctrine and inten-
tions.
e new government produced a writ-
ten manifesto of their beliefs.
. proclama-
tion, declaration, promulgation, notice, no-
cation, announcement.
manifold
varied, various, multifold, multifar-
Z9241i_M.indd 358
5/25/10 12:26:18 PM
pect, bearing, mien, posture, appearance,
demeanor.
mannered
gure, spoil, damage, impair, in-
jure, blemish, deface, deform, mangle, ruin,
wreck, scar, crack.
marathon
cross-country race, footrace, en-
durance run, long distance race.
maraud
raid, plunder, ransack, pillage, loot,
ravage, prey upon, wreak havoc on, despoil,
assault.
marauder
raider, attacker, plunderer, pillager,
looter, pirate, ransacker, thief, robber.
march
step in time, pace, tramp, tread, parade,
goose-step, walk, promenade, \n
le, plod, strut.
manner of:
lockstep
marching in formations:
close-order drill
Mardi Gras
festival, parade, carnival, cele-
bration, masquerade party.
margin
border, edge, perimeter, verge, pe-
riphery, brink, brim, lip, hem, skirt, fringe,
limit.
marginal
borderline, slight, minimal, limited,
negligible, insigni\n
cant, trivial.
. signi
cant, considerable.
marijuana
cannabis, hemp, *pot, *weed, *grass,
*dope, *ganja, *Columbian, *Indian hay, *Ja-
maican, *Kona gold, *Mary Jane, *Panama
red, *sinsemilla, *smoke, *Maui wowie, *
ai
stick.  \f\f, , \f\b\f
active substance:
tetrahydrocannabinol,
THC
block of pressed:
brick
bundle weighing one kilogram:
Z9241i_M.indd 359
5/25/10 12:26:18 PM
helmsman, boatswain, deckhand.  
\f, , \r, \b
long-term cohabitation without bene
t of
wedding:
common-law marriage
loveless couple joined for bene
ts other
ection:
marriage of convenience
man uninterested in:
con\n
rmed bachelor
man who has sexually unfaithful wife:
cuck-
old
married to more than one spouse:
bigamy,
polygamy
married to one spouse:
monogamy, mo-
nogyny, monandry
outside the bonds of marriage:
extramarital
property brought into by woman:
dowry
seventh-year temptation:
*seven-year itch
unfaithfulness in:
delity
vow:
troth
with others:
open marriage
marry
wed, *tie the knot, exchange wedding
vows, unite in holy wedlock, *say I do,Ž
Z9241i_M.indd 360
5/25/10 12:26:18 PM
marvelous
1.  sensational, phe-
nomenal, miraculous, amazing, astonishing,
surprising, extraordinary, awesome, won-
drous, stunning, supernatural. 2. \b ex-
cellent, fabulous, fantastic, \n
ne, splendid,
superb, *super, terri\n
c, *out of this world,
wonderful.
. 1. *ho-hum, ordinary, banal,
everyday. 2. lousy, terrible, bad.
masculine
manly, macho, virile, male, strong,
tough, powerful, muscular, dominant, po-
tent, butch, bold, *gutsy.
. e
eminate,
feminine, *wimpy, weak.
smash, crush, pulp, squash, scrunch,
grind, press, pulverize.
disguise, cover-up, facade, masquerade,
veil, concealment, false front.
disguise, cover up, hide, conceal, veil,
camou
age, cloak, screen, masquerade.
mason
stoneworker, bricklayer, stone mason.
masquerade
disguise, costume, facade, put-
Z9241i_M.indd 361
5/25/10 12:26:18 PM
goods. 3. \b facts, information, notes,
text, documentation.
material
1. \r\f palpable, tangible,
Z9241i_M.indd 362
5/25/10 12:26:19 PM
mayhem
destruction, violence, brutality, in-
jury, chaos, pandemonium, havoc, disorder,
confusion.
. calm, order.
maze
labyrinth, convolution, meander, tan-
gle, knot, puzzle, jungle, confusion, perplex-
ity, muddle, bewilderment.
meadow
eld, grassland, pasture, range, prairie,
plain, lea, veldt, mead.  , 
descriptive:
Audubonesque tableau of birds
and 
owers, grasses undulating in the
breeze, windblown timothy, Irish green
meadow, tawny tussocks of Autumn
open spot in a forest:
glade
meager
scanty, sparse, scarce, thin, bare,
lean, insu
cient, inadequate, poor, lacking,
skimpy.
. plentiful.
meal
Z9241i_M.indd 363
5/25/10 12:26:19 PM
mechanism
machine, motor, generator, de-
vice, contrivance, servomechanism, appara-
Z9241i_M.indd 364
5/25/10 12:26:19 PM
alcohol, drug, toxin removal from body:
Z9241i_M.indd 365
5/25/10 12:26:20 PM
ears, nose, and throat:
otorhinolaryngology
ears:
otology
epidemics:
epidemiology
eyes:
musical instrument:
lute, lyre, rebec
peasant:
serf, villein
political and social system:
feudalism
singer:
minstrel, troubador
sport:
tilting, jousting
tax paid to a lord:
tallage
town, village:
bourg
tunic:
gipon, jupon
yard:
to\t
mediocre
fair, okay, ordinary, middling, so-
so, okay, passable, tolerable, run-of-the-mill,
Z9241i_M.indd 366
5/25/10 12:26:20 PM
Z9241i_M.indd 367
5/25/10 12:26:20 PM
mendacious
dishonest, lying, false, deceptive,
misleading, deceitful, fraudulent, untruth-
ful, dissembling.
. honest, truthful.
low, servile, mean, humble, common,
subservient, unskilled, abject, ignoble, obse-
quious.
. highborn, superior, noble, arro-
gant.
menopause
change of life, climacteric.
mental
1. \b\f\b cerebral, cognitive,
thinking, phrenic, reasoning, of the mind,
psychic, psychological. 2.  \b -
 mentally ill, disturbed, deranged, psy-
chotic, insane, mad, neurotic, psychiatric,
phobic, *nutty, crazy.
mentality
attitude, outlook, view, opinion,
Z9241i_M.indd 368
5/25/10 12:26:21 PM
mesmerize
hypnotize, spellbind, entrance,
enthrall, *cast a spell on, put under, enchant,
bewitch, fascinate, *do a Svengali.
1. \f\b\b jumble, disorder, disarray,
litter, eyesore, debris, unsightliness, dump,
mayhem, pigpen, \n
lth, *rats nest. 2. -
\f \b trouble, plight, di
culty, *pickle,
*jam, \n
x, stew, *\n
ne kettle of \n
sh, quandary.
. 1. order, neatness, tidiness.
1. \f \f\b note, word,
communiqué, notice, memo, wire, dispatch,
Z9241i_M.indd 369
5/25/10 12:26:21 PM
brag about, run-of-the-mill.
. exception-
al, outstanding, 
rst-class.
Z9241i_M.indd 370
5/25/10 12:26:21 PM
the lookout.
. unaware, heedless, oblivi-
ous.
mindless
brainless, stupid, witless, imbecilic,
oblivious, unintelligent, asinine, idiotic, mo-
ronic, sophomoric, *bubble-headed.
. in-
telligent, brainy, brilliant.
mind reader
psychic, mentalist, telepathist,
clairvoyant.
minimum
minimal, least,
smallest, lowest,
slightest, bottom.
. maximum, maximal,
greatest.
minion
follower, sycophant, dependent,
subordinate, 
unkey, *lap dog, *kiss-up,
*brownnose, *yes-man, fawner, lackey, toady.
miniscule
tiny, small, wee, minute, micro-
scopic, micro, mini, miniature, little, tri
ing,
trivial, insigni\n
cant, pint-sized, in\n
nitesi-
mal.
. gargantuan, gigantic.
minister
1. \f  cleric, pastor,
preacher, parson, deacon, priest, ecclesiastic,
man of the cloth, reverend, servant of God,
rabbi, father.  \f ,  2.
 \b\b diplomat, ambassador, en-
Z9241i_M.indd 371
5/25/10 12:26:21 PM
miraculous
divine, supernatural, marvelous,
wonderful, wondrous, phenomenal, sensa-
tional, anomalous, supermundane, magical,
superhuman, unearthly, freakish, extraordi-
nary, mind-blowing, *unreal.
. ordinary,
everyday, pedestrian.
mirage
optical illusion, refraction of light,
delusion, vision, specter, phantom, appari-
tion, hallucination, fantasy.
mire
bog, mud, ooze, soggy ground, slush,
marsh, fen, swamp, quagmire.
mire
bog down, sink, stick, 
ounder, slow,
Z9241i_M.indd 372
5/25/10 12:26:22 PM
nonconformist, lone wolf, *square peg
in a round hole, individual, *queer duck,
sh out of water, oddball.
misfortune
bad luck, adversity, trouble, *bad
missile
rocket, projectile, trajectile, ballistic
missile, air-to-air missile, ground-to-air mis-
sile, guided missile.   \b,  
air-to-air:
Sidewinder, Falcon, Sparrow
anti-armor, wire-guided:
TOW missile
antiship cruise missile:
Harpoon
antitank:
Hell\n
re missile, Maverick
camera-guided:
AGM-142, Have Nap missile
electronic beam, guided by:
beam rider
explosive portion:
warhead
guided missile:
cruise missile, Tomahawk
intercepts enemy missiles:
Patriot
intercontinental missile:
MX, Titan
multiple warhead missile:
MIRV
propulsion unit, additional:
booster
radar installations, homes in on:
HARM
shoulder-
red:
Stinger
silo-deployed, three-stage nuclear missile:
Minuteman
tank-mounted:
Shillelagh
underwater, launched from:
Polaris, Posei-
don, Trident II
missing
lacking, absent, elsewhere, lost, gone,
away, wanting, removed, mislaid, out of
sight, unaccounted for, *AWOL.
. here,
present.
mission
task, undertaking, assignment, ob-
ject, objective, charge, duty, quest, errand,
job, enterprise, calling.
missionary
evangelist, proselytizer, preacher,
clergyman, minister, messenger.
Z9241i_M.indd 373
5/25/10 12:26:22 PM
wrong, incorrect, inaccurate, o
inexact, imprecise, erroneous, in error, falla-
Z9241i_M.indd 374
5/25/10 12:26:22 PM
modem
modulator/demodulator, electronic
device, peripheral, data converter, translator.
 \f \b
moderate
*middle-of-the-roader, nonliberal,
nonconservative, centrist.
. radical, con-
servative, liberal.
moderate
1.  so\t
en, mitigate, restrain,
check, tone down, control, regulate, reduce,
slacken, ease, blunt. 2.   con-
trol, oversee, chair, mediate, referee, lead,
emcee, govern, supervise.
. 1. intensify,
increase, aggravate.
moderate
1. \b \b reasonable, sensible,
judicious, balanced, equable, conservative,
restrained, neutral, unexceptional, middling,
not extreme. 2.  calm, gentle, so\t
, low-
Z9241i_M.indd 375
5/25/10 12:26:23 PM
mollycoddle
Z9241i_M.indd 376
5/25/10 12:26:23 PM
Gabon:
franc
Gambia:
dalasi
Georgia:
lari
Germany:
euro
new cedi
Gibraltar:
pound
Greece:
euro
Greenland:
krone
Grenada:
dollar
Guadeloupe:
euro; franc
Guam:
dollar
Guatemala:
Z9241i_M.indd 377
5/25/10 12:26:23 PM
Sri Lanka:
rupee
Sudan:
Sudanese pound
Suriname:
Sirinamese dollar
Swaziland:
lilangeni
Sweden:
krona
Switzerland:
franc
Syria:
pound
Taiwan:
dollar
Tajikistan:
somoni
Tanzania:
shilling
ailand:
baht
Togo:
franc
Tonga:
paanga
Trinidad and Tobago:
dollar
Tunisia:
dinar
Turkey:
Turkmenistan:
manat
Tuvalu:
dollar
Uganda:
shilling
Ukraine:
hryvnia
United Arab Emirates:
dirham
United Kingdom:
pound
United States and its territories:
dollar
Uruguay:
peso
Uzbekistan:
som
Vanuatu:
vatu
Venezuela:
bolivar
Z9241i_M.indd 378
5/25/10 12:26:24 PM
montage
hodgepodge, jumble, patchwork,
mosaic, mishmash, potpourri, miscellany,
arrangement, scheme.
monument
1.   statue, pillar, col-
umn, monolith, obelisk, tower, stone, plinth,
shrine, pyramid, tombstone, headstone,
marker, cross, mausoleum, cenotaph, e
gy, ossuary, sepulchre, solium, weeper. 
\f \b 2. \b \f\r \b land-
mark, magnum opus, masterpiece, master-
work, chef doeuvre, watershed.
monumental
massive, huge, prodigious, co-
lossal, towering, grand, exalted, enduring,
permanent, outstanding, exceptional.
.
tiny, microscopic, insigni
cant, forgettable.
moo
low, bellow.
mooch
. cadge, beg, *sponge, *bum o
*leach o , *panhandle, pilfer.
mood
state of mind, frame of mind, spir-
it, temper, humor, vein, mind, disposition,
caprice.  , !\b, ,
, \r, 
moody
temperamental, touchy, grouchy, la-
bile, gloomy, glum, petulant, unpredictable,
cranky, *running hot and cold.
. stable,
predictable, even-tempered, constant.
moon
phases:
new, crescent, quarter, gibbous, full
plain originally mistaken for sea:
mare
(maria)
ected sunlight:
albedo
seasonal:
harvest, hunters
shadow:
umbra
study of:
selenology
waxing, waning
moon
Sl.
1.    *
ash, *sa-
lute. 2.  daydream, fantasize, *go o
into ones own world.
moonlight
moonshine, moonbeams, albedo,
ulgence, luminescence, radiance.
moonshine
Sl.
corn liquor, contraband, home
brew, bootleg, *white lightning, *mountain
dew, *rotgut, *stump liquor, *bathtub gin,
*the stu
that looks like water and kicks like
a mule.
moonstruck
crazed, deranged, demented, pos-
sessed, loony, insane.
moor
heath, peat bog, scrubland, swamp,
tundra, wasteland, marsh, prairie.
moorings
slip, port, harbor, anchorage, dock,
marina, wharf, berth, landing, pier.
deck posts around which mooring lines
are secured:
dock or pier post around which mooring
lines are secured:
bollard
moose
deer, elk, mammal.
feeding place:
yard
female:
cow
kin:
reindeer, caribou
male:
bull
sexual season:
rut
young:
MOOT
[MOOT] subject to discussion or de-
bate.
Z9241i_M.indd 379
5/25/10 12:26:24 PM
moral
5/25/10 12:26:24 PM
mosaic
motion
gesture, gesticulate, point, nod, beck-
on, shrug, pantomime.
motionless
unmoving, still, inert, static, life-
less, tranquil, dead, frozen, paralyzed, inani-
mate, stationary, immobile, becalmed, \n
xed,
Z9241i_M.indd 381
5/25/10 12:26:25 PM
frame:
chassis
friction reducers:
bearings
fuel vaporizer:
\b, \b, -
\b, \f
Famous Mountains:
Z9241i_M.indd 382
5/25/10 12:26:25 PM
climbing without mechanical aids:
freeclimb-
ing
dangerous overhang of ice and snow:
cor-
descend by rope:
rappel
diagonal ascent:
slab
shelter:
bivouac
narrow, vertical passageway:
chimney
oxygen deprivation:
mountain sickness
ring that connects ropes to pitons:
carabiner
securing or playing out rope:
belaying
short rope ladder:
Z9241i_M.indd 383
5/25/10 12:26:25 PM
actor/small role:
bit player, cameo appear-
ance, extra
actor who is partially created by computer
ects:
synthespian
advertising/promotional clip:
trailer
aerial shot:
crane shot
animation created with clay characters and
stop-action photography:
claymation
award:
Academy Award, Oscar
black-and-white to color process:
coloriza-
tion
box o
ce smash:
*bo
captioned drawings of planned camera
shots:
storyboard
clapper:
slate
closeup, extreme:
Z9241i_M.indd 384
5/25/10 12:26:25 PM
writer:
screenwriter, script doctor
writers outline:
treatment
zooming in e
ect:
zoom shot
moving
1.  \b going, coming, motion-
ing, transporting, proceeding, advancing, as-
Z9241i_M.indd 385
5/25/10 12:26:26 PM
multiple
many, manifold, numerous, mul-
titudinous, several, plural, various, duplex,
triplex, sundry, myriad.
. single, lone.
multiply
1. \b  increase, compound, du-
plicate, triple, quadruple, burgeon, prolifer-
ate, grow, spread, mushroom. 2. \f
 propagate, procreate, generate,
breed.  \f
multitude
mass, throng, bunch, horde, le-
gion, 
ock, mob, crowd, swarm.
mum
silent, mute, tight-lipped, speechless.
. e
usive, talkative.
mumble
mutter, maunder, murmur, speak in-
distinctly, whisper, talk to oneself, *talk into
ones chin/beard, drone.
. project, articu-
late, shout, roar.
mummify
dry, shrivel, preserve, desiccate,
embalm, swaddle.
mummy
corpse, cadaver, the embalmed, the
entombed, *sti
munch
chew, bite, crunch, snack, nosh,
chomp, nibble, gnaw.  \f\r, \b
munchies
n. Sl.
1.  \f 2.  \b\b,
\r
mundane
1.  everyday, common,
banal, trite, humdrum, routine, prosaic,
stale, pedestrian. 2. \b\r worldly, ter-
restrial, material, physical, human.
. 1.
extraordinary, rare, exceptional. 2. spiritual,
divine, out of this world.
municipal
hired:
contract killing
infant:
infanticide
(in the) heat of passion without malice afore-
thought:
manslaughter, crime of passion
mass slaughter:
massacre
mother:
matricide
planned:
premeditated, \n
rst-degree murder
rage, motivated by sudden:
crime of pas-
sion, manslaughter
random act:
*wilding
self:
serial:
serial killing
sister:
sororicide
surprise, politically motivated:
assassination
suspected:
foul play
Z9241i_M.indd 386
5/25/10 12:26:26 PM
abdominal support:
abdominal obliques, rec-
tus abdominus, transversus abdominus
ankle bender:
plantaris
anus:
sphincter ani
arm extension, rotation, 
exion:
lattissi-
mus dorsi, pectoral, supinator
back/body bender:
rectus abdominus
back straightener:
longissimus
breathing:
diaphragm, serratus
chewing, clenching:
masseter
disease of muscle wasting:
muscular dys-
trophy
elbow straightener:
triceps
eye focusing:
ciliary
nger benders:
exor digitorum
nger straighteners:
extensor digitorum
forehead/brow:
corrugator, epicranial
frowning mouth:
depressor, risorious
goosebumps:
erector pili
head bender:
longus capitus, rectus capitus
head rotator:
head oblique
jaw:
buccinator
kissing (puckered) lips:
orbicularis oris
knee 
exor:
hamstring
lack of muscle coordination:
ataxia
leg muscle aiding balance:
soleus
leg/thigh extender:
quadriceps
muscle pain:
myalgia
penis erector:
erector penis
rump:
gluteus maximus, medius, and mini-
mus
shoulder:
deltoid, trapezius
swallowing:
constrictor of pharynx
testicle elevator:
cremaster
tongue extender:
genioglossus
upper arm:
biceps, triceps
vocal cords:
cricothyroid
withering muscles from lack of use:
atrophy
wrist benders:
exor carpi radialis, 
exor
carpi ulnaris
wrist straighteners:
extensor carpi radialis,
extensor carpi ulnaris
muscle
Sl.
jostle, *bull, ram, shoulder, shove,
cow, bu
alo, plow through, bulldoze, elbow
ones way, strong-arm.
muscular
brawny, sinewy, husky, thewy,
strapping, rippling, slabbed, muscle-bound,
chiseled, Herculean, sculpted, corded, *cut,
*pumped, *bull-necked, Olympian, *wash-
boardlike stomach, *hamlike biceps.
.
skinny, \b
abby, frail, undeveloped.
muse
inspiration, genius, creativity, talent.
muse
ponder, meditate, re
ect, ruminate,
consider, mull over, brood, cogitate, chew,
weigh, study, think about, turn over in ones
mind, deliberate, speculate.
museum
gallery, institute, archives, treasury,
exhibit, collection, repository, depository,
library, storehouse, *gallery of the Muses,
Z9241i_M.indd 387
5/25/10 12:26:26 PM
so
ly, very:
pianissimo
spoken:
parlato
volume, half the singers normal:
voce
volume, increase in:
crescendo
wildly:
furioso
musical
revue, musical comedy, burlesque,
Broadway production, show.
musical
melodic, rhythmic, harmonious, lyr-
ical, soulful, choral, spiritual, melli
uent,
symphonic, sonorous, euphonic.
. disso-
nant, cacophonous, discordant, noisy.
musical instrument
woodwind, stringed in-
strument, percussive instrument, keyboard
instrument, brass, *noisemaker.
KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS
accordion with button keyboard:
concer-
tina
automatic piano:
player piano
bell-like soundmaker in Dance of the Sug-
ar Plum FairyŽ:
celesta
electronic sound recreator:
synthesizer
organ, steam whistle:
calliope
piano, full-sized:
grand piano
piano, largest:
concert piano
piano, predecessor:
clavichord, harpsichord
piano, slang:
*eighty-eights, *ivories
piano, small grand:
baby grand
piano, space-saving:
upright
plucked instead of struck by hammers:
harpsichord
squeezebox, handheld:
accordion, *squee-
zebox
wind or electric-generated keyboard:
organ
PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS
bell:
campanella
block, wooden:
wood block, clog box
Caribbean tinkling drum:
steel drum
clackers, wooden stick:
claves
clappers clicked rhythmically:
Z9241i_M.indd 388
5/25/10 12:26:27 PM
xylophonelike with resonant tubes:
rimba
xylophonelike with steel bars:
glockenspiel,
bell lyre
STRINGED INSTRUMENTS
Appalachian lap instrument:
dulcimer, zither
barrel organ:
hurdy gurdy
bowed, quivering four-string:
violin
country twanger:
banjo
dulcimer struck with small hammers:
ham-
mered dulcimer
electric guitar, slang:
*axe
guitar, hollow-bodied:
acoustic
guitar, low-voiced four-string:
bass
guitar, very small:
ukelele
harplike:
lyre
Hawaiian guitar with nasal tone:
Hawaiian
guitar
heavenly sounding 46-string:
harp
Japanese national instrument:
lute, East Indian long-necked:
sitar
lute, small four string:
mandolin
middle ages guitar:
lute
rasper, husky:
music hall
auditorium, concert hall, amphi-
theater, dance hall.
musician
performer, player, artist, singer, vo-
calist, instrumentalist, minstrel, session art-
ist, studio musician, longhair, bard, drum-
mer, guitarist, bassist, 
utist, violinist, trou-
bador.  
musing
meditative, thoughtful, re
ective.
.
oblivious.
musket
breechloader, 
intlock, blunderbuss.
 
muss
mess up, tousle, tangle, disarrange, ruf-
e, rumple, crumple, wrinkle, dishevel,
scramble, disorder, throw into disarray.
.
neaten, order, organize, smooth.
must
1. " \b imperative, necessi-
ty, need, prerequisite, obligation, essential,
exigency, fundamental. 2. \b mold,
mildew, fungus, dry rot.
must
have to, obligated to, required to, should,
have no choice, compelled, forced, have no al-
ternative, doomed to, bound.  \f
mustache
moustache, moustachio, whiskers,
*soupstrainer, *tickler, *cookie duster.
descriptive:
wings of a B-52, twitchy, rats nest
dual crescents:
Z9241i_M.indd 389
5/25/10 12:26:27 PM
1.  fusty, dusty, stale, decaying,
crumbling, tainted, rancid, spoiled. 2. 
\b, \b"\b stale, old, aged, moss-
cane, esoteric, puzzling, dark.
. knowable,
obvious, clear, explainable.
mystery
1.   puzzle, enigma,
Z9241i_M.indd 390
5/25/10 12:26:27 PM
owers, goddess of:
Flora
ying horse created from Medusas blood:
Pegasus
forbidden box of human misery, opened
by:
Pandora
forever reaching for fruit and water:
Tan-
talus
giants, race of:
Titans
giant with one eye:
Cyclops
god ruler:
Zeus
gold, touch turned things to:
Midas
gorgon, most famous:
Medusa
heel, hero with vulnerable:
Achilles
horse and human combined:
centaur
laurel tree, turned into:
Daphne
loved his own re ection and was changed
to a 
ower:
Narcissus
love, goddess of:
Venus
love, god of:
Cupid, Eros
marriage, god of:
Hymen
Medusa, slew:
Perseus
messenger of gods:
Mercury
minotaur, slew:
eseus
moon and forest goddess:
Diana
moon, goddess of:
Luna, Diana, Selene
mother, married his:
Oedipus
oracle of Apollo:
Delphic oracle
Z9241i_M.indd 391
5/25/10 12:26:27 PM
nab
grab, snatch, seize, catch, grasp, snare,
steal, snag, arrest, collar, apprehend, trap,
*nail.
. release.
low point, base, depth, 
oor, bottom.
1. \b\t\n \f *battle-ax, whiner,
Z9241i_N.indd 392
5/25/10 12:26:29 PM
close, incommodious, pinched. 3. \n\b\f-
\f-\t\n  prejudiced, bigoted, intoler-
ant, small-minded.
. 1. fat, broad, wide.
2. capacious, roomy, spacious. 3. liberal, open-
minded, tolerant.
narrow-minded
small-minded, closed-mind-
ed, bigoted, prejudiced, blind, myopic, short-
sighted, tunnel-visioned, one-sided, intoler-
ant, pigheaded, biased, deaf to reason.
.
broad-minded, liberal, tolerant.
1. \t\f \r
lthy, foul, soiled, unclean, re-
volting, gross, o
ensive. 2. \t\n  \n ob-
scene, immoral, slutty, sleazy, lewd, licen-
tious, o
ensive, vulgar, coarse, crude, raun-
chy, *morals of an alley cat. 3.  \b\n ill-tem-
pered, disagreeable, ugly, surly, malicious,
spiteful, hateful, vicious.
. 1. clean, un-
soiled, washed. 2. decent, wholesome, pure,
chaste. 3. good-humored, good-natured, kind-
hearted, friendly, amiable.
nation
1. \n\f state, federation, republic,
commonwealth, union, empire, sovereignty.
naturalist
zoologist, botanist, \r
eld observer,
environmentalist.
naturally
adv.
1.  \n\b\f innately, instinc-
tively. 2.  \f as one would expect,
characteristically, normally.
natural selection
survival of the \r
ttest, evo-
lution, Darwinian law.
nature
1. \b\f\b \f makeup, constitution,
personality, essence, identity. 2. \t\t-
\t\n temperament, temper, spirit, person-
ality. 3. \t\b \f cosmos, universe,
creation, environment, ecology, evolution,
chaos, regeneration, natural forces, the wild,
the great outdoors, Mother Nature. 
never idle workshop.Ž„Mathew Arnold.
Z9241i_N.indd 393
5/25/10 12:26:30 PM
antimine vessel:
minesweeper
antitorpedo defense:
Z9241i_N.indd 394
5/25/10 12:26:30 PM
needy
1. \f impoverished, destitute, in-
digent, penniless, lacking, *hard up, *broke,
*down and out, *in dire straits. 2. \t\n-
\b \t\n \f *clingy, clinging, desperate.
neer do well
*loser, wastrel, failure, good-for-
nothing, *do-nothing, *bum, *slug, loafer.
NEFARIOUS
[ni FAIR ee us] evil, wicked.
ey committed murders and other nefari-
ous acts.
\n. evil, wicked, villainous, hei-
Z9241i_N.indd 395
5/25/10 12:26:30 PM
erful. 2. bold, brash, cheeky. 3. ru\b
ed, upset,
a nervous wreck.
nerve-racking
distressing, stressful, disturb-
ing, trying, grating on the nerves, aggravat-
Z9241i_N.indd 396
5/25/10 12:26:30 PM
inferiority, feelings of:
inferiority complex,
low self-esteem
isolation from others:
withdrawal
nervous unease, apprehension:
ern, latest, *cutting edge, *hot. 2. \f\t\t\n
fresh, virginal, green, maiden, newborn. 3.
\n\b\t\t\b\f unheard of, unknown, strange,
peculiar, untried, untested, unexplored, ex-
perimental. 4. \f \n   restored, revised,
remodeled, revived. 5. \b\t\t\n\b fur-
ther, more, supplementary.
. 1. out-of-
date, old, dated. 2. old, used, stale. 3. familiar,
known, tried-and-true.
newborn
infant, neonate, weanling, suckling,
nursling, babe, baby, *bambino.
newfangled
modern, new, novel, state of the
art, *cutting edge.
. obsolete, passé.
news
Z9241i_N.indd 397
5/25/10 12:26:31 PM
number of copies sold each day:
circulation
personal opinion piece:
editorial
prepare for printing:
put to bed
reporters name line:
byline
reference room/
les:
morgue
short news item:
squib
short stock item:
story in pictures:
photojournalism
storys point of origin:
dateline
storys point of view:
slant
syndicated pieces, press releases, prewrit-
ten material:
canned copy
trite publicity piece:
pu
piece
trivial news period:
silly season
wire services:
Associated Press, Reuters
newsworthy
notable, important, remark-
able, momentous, signi\r
cant, consequential,
weighty.
. insigni
cant, trivial.
New York City
the Big Apple, Manhattan,
Z9241i_N.indd 398
5/25/10 12:26:31 PM
acclaimed, celebrated. 2.  \t \f\b
\b\f\b \f moral, virtuous, chivalrous, ide-
alistic, magnanimous, lo!
y, heroic, honorable,
principled, decent, forthright, gallant, exem-
Z9241i_N.indd 399
5/25/10 12:26:31 PM
nondescript
1. \t\n \f\t\b undistin-
guished, unclassi\r
able, amorphous, un-
distinctive, hard to describe, plain, vague,
*blending into the woodwork, *as distinc-
tive as a plain, brown wrapper. 2. \f\b un-
remarkable, colorless, common, dull, bland,
*blah, prosaic.
. 1. distinctive, distin-
guished, eye-catching. 2. remarkable, colorful,
eye-catching.
nonessential
unnecessary, extraneous, unim-
portant, unneeded, uncalled for, unrequired,
super
uous, expendable, dispensable, extra.
. essential, required, basic, indispensable.
nonexistent
inexistent, \r
ctitious, null, void,
made-up, make-believe, imaginary, mythi-
cal, groundless, extinct, dead, defunct, hy-
cowboy rope:
lariat, lasso
norm
standard, rule, accepted practice, cri-
terion, the usual, benchmark, yardstick, av-
erage, mean.
normal
1. \b\n\b\f usual, typical, conven-
tional, universal, traditional, regular, cus-
tomary, accepted, average, *par for the
course, orthodox, established. 2.  \n\b
 \b well-adjusted, sane, stable, *hav-
Z9241i_N.indd 400
5/25/10 12:26:32 PM
wistfulness. A seductive liar.Ž„George Ball.
Yesterdaze.Ž„Leonard Bossard.
nostalgic
reminiscent, homesick, wistful,
sentimental, longing, yearning, pining, ro-
mantic.
. forward-looking.
nostrum
medicine, quack medicine, cure-all,
panacea, *snake oil.
snooping, prying, eavesdropping, cu-
rious, inquisitive, sni
ng around, meddle-
some, *goggle-eyed, *fence-peeping.
.
indi
erent, unconcerned, oblivious, *minding
ones own business.
notable
noteworthy, of note, special, impor-
tant, remarkable, outstanding, of distinction,
exceptional, momentous, of consequence.
. inconsequential, unimportant, insignif-
icant.
notarize
certify, attest, authenticate, endorse,
witness, validate, register, sign and seal.
notary (public)
registrar, certi\r
er, signatory,
witness, scrivener, recorder, clerk, public of-
cial.
notation
1. \n memo, reminder, annota-
tion, footnote, transcription, shorthand, en-
try, log note. 2. \t score, musical sym-
bols.
not born yesterday
Sl.
wise, experienced,
*been around the block, savvy, seasoned, bat-
tle-scarred, *been through the mill, worldly,
been around, sophisticated.
notch
nick, gouge, groove, cle!
, slice, scratch,
crenel.  
notched
crenelated, serrated, saw-toothed,
grooved, serriform.
. smooth, inlined.
 
note
Z9241i_N.indd 401
5/25/10 12:26:32 PM
nourishment
nutriment, food, sustenance,
subsistence, vitamins and minerals, aliment,
viands, daily bread, feed.
nouveau riche
new rich, parvenu, upstart,
*yuppie, status seeker, arriviste.
narrative, story, \r
ction, saga, tale, yarn,
chronicle, dime novel, best-seller, paperback,
minute, this instant, straightaway, without
delay, *chop chop.
adv.
once in awhile, occasionally,
now and again, from time to time, *once ev-
Z9241i_N.indd 402
5/25/10 12:26:32 PM
Z9241i_N.indd 403
5/25/10 12:26:32 PM
cashew, pistachio, butternut, coconut, hick-
ory nut. 2. \b\n\b\t bu
, *freak, enthusiast,
fan, a\r
cionado, devotee, zealot. 3.  \n\f\t
*kook, *
ake, *butter
y case, *weirdo, *foul
ball, *loon, *nutter, *crackpot, mental case,
*screwball, *ding-a-ling.   \n\f\t
nut house
Sl.
insane asylum, *booby hatch,
*loony bin, *bughouse, *funny farm, *laugh-
ing academy, *nut college, *nut hatch, *rub-
ber room.
nutrient
vitamin, mineral, nutriment, food,
protein, carbohydrate.
nutrition
nourishment, sustenance, balanced
nut house - nymphomania
Z9241i_N.indd 404
5/25/10 12:26:33 PM
oaf
Z9241i_O.indd 405
5/25/10 12:26:34 PM
Z9241i_O.indd 406
5/25/10 12:26:35 PM
mindful.
. overlooking, daydreaming, ig-
noring.
observation
1. \t\n noticing, seeing,
perception, observance, examination, atten-
tion, viewing. 2.  comment, assertion,
sentiment, opinion, observance, account,
declaration, thought, judgment. 3. \n\t\n
recording, sizing up, measuring, scrutiny, as-
sessment.
observatory
observation post, lookout, watch-
tower.  \n
observe
1.  see, look at, notice, view,
1. \t\n\f impose, *barge in, med-
dle, interrupt, *butt in, *stick ones nose in,
*pry, *horn in. 2. \f stick out, pro-
trude, push out, eject, thrust forward.
obtrusive
1. \b!\t\n protruding, prom-
inent, protuberant, jutting out, sticking out.
2. \t\n\f\t forward, brash, pushing, med-
dlesome, interfering, bold, invasive, inter-
ruptive. 3. \n\b\t\f\f glaring, overt, bla-
tant, 
agrant, striking, obvious, bald-faced,
outrageous.
. 1. 
attened, smoothed,
planed. 2. retiring, reticent, shy, unobtrusive.
3. inconspicuous, subtle, hidden.
obtuse
1. \r\f\n dull, rounded. 2. \f\b\t
dull, slow, thick, dense, vapid, vacuous, pea-
brained, insensitive.
. 1. sharp, pointed. 2.
sharp, intelligent, quick.
 \n\t, \f\b\t
obverse
1.  front, top, head. 2. \f\n-
\b opposite, reverse.
obviate
preclude, prevent, forestall, avert,
avoid, evade, circumvent.
obvious
apparent, evident, visible, plain to see,
clear, conspicuous, manifest, overt, noticeable,
perceivable, glaring, palpable, patent, promi-
nent, unambiguous, *sticking out like a sore
thumb, *goes without saying.
. imperceiv-
able, mysterious, vague, inconspicuous.
obviously
adv.
unmistakably, apparently, evi-
dently, certainly, overtly, clearly.
occasion
1. \n happening, a
air, function,
happening, incident. 2. \b\b\f\n\t chance,
opening, golden opportunity, *shot, *crack. 3.
\r\t\n holiday, festival, gala, carnival.
4. \t juncture, instance, point, case.
occasion
cause, give occasion to, produce,
bring about, prompt, induce, e
ect, create,
bring to pass.
. stop, end, quit.
occasional
irregular, once in awhile, sporad-
ic, infrequent, every now and then, period-
ic, casual, odd, from time to time.
. fre-
quent, regular, continuous.
occasionally
adv.
now and then, once in awhile,
Z9241i_O.indd 407
5/25/10 12:26:35 PM
moon, sporadically.
. regularly, frequent-
ly, constantly.
occlude
obstruct, close o
, shut o
, seal, plug,
stop, clog, choke, block, 
ll.
. open, clear,
unstop.
occlusion
blockage, obstruction, seal, plug, stop,
clog, block.
. opening, hole, clearance.
occult
mystical arts, cabalism, mysticism, oc-
cultism, channeling, astrology, voodoo, alche-
my, tarot, Ouija board, psychic powers, clair-
voyance, exorcism, satanism, devil worship-
ping, sorcery, witchcra
, telekinesis, telepa-
thy, reincarnation, possession.   \t
occult
Z9241i_O.indd 408
5/25/10 12:26:36 PM
object, such as rabbits foot, thought to
have magical power:
charm, fetish
omens and signs, study of:
augury
otherworldly:
written word, spirit communication through
medium through:
spirit writing
occupancy
residence, residency, occupation,
living, tenancy, inhabitance, inhabitation,
stay, tenure, lodging, possession.
. leave,
vacancy, absence.
 \f
occupant
resident, inhabitant, tenant, lease-
holder, renter, lodger, dweller, homeowner,
owner, lessee.
occupation
1. \t\n job, work, career,
trade, profession, business, livelihood, call-
ing, pursuit, employment.  !,  2.
\f\b\n tenancy, possession, inhabita-
tion. 3. \n\f seizure, takeover, over-
throw, subjugation, defeat, possession, rule.
occupied
1. \n   busy, preoccupied, en-
grossed, absorbed, employed, diverted. 2.
Z9241i_O.indd 409
5/25/10 12:26:36 PM
depth between one hundred and one thou-
single, unpaired, mateless.
. 1. usual, typ-
ical, ordinary, regular. 2. matched, paired.
oddball
Sl.
*weirdo, eccentric, mis
t, *crack-
pot, *freak, *nut, *screwball, *character,
*queer duck, nonconformist.
. *regular
Joe, *average Joe, conformist.
oddity
curiosity, rarity, quirk, peculiarity, ec-
centricity, anomaly, freak.
odds
1. \b\t\r\t chances, likelihood, ex-
pectation, prospect. 2. \n  handicap,
edge. 3.   at sixes and sevens, at log-
gerheads, in disagreement, misunderstand-
ing, di
erence of opinion.
odds and ends
bits and pieces, oddments,
miscellany, mishmash, hodgepodge, mé-
lange, mixed bag, assortment, patchwork,
remnants.
oddsmaker
Z9241i_O.indd 410
5/25/10 12:26:36 PM
defunct, unpowered, down. 3. \t\n in-
correct, in error, wrong, inaccurate, errone-
ous, miscalculated. 4.  \f on holiday,
not working, on liberty, on leave.
. 1. on,
attached, touching, astride. 2. on, functioning,
running. 3. correct, accurate, right. 4. on duty,
working.
entrails, guts, refuse, rubbish, waste. 
 
and on
adv.
intermittent, alternately, vari-
ably, 
uctuating, vacillating, starting and
stopping, sporadically, irregularly.
-balance
1. -\n uncentered, un-
balanced. 2. \f\n *tippy, tipping, un-
coordinated, leaning, toppling, inclining.
. 1. centered, balanced. 2. steady, bal-
anced, stable, counterpoised.
eat
unconventional, unorthodox, un-
usual, *o
-center, strange, novel, *kinky,
*freaky, *oddball, di
erent, weird, atypical,
*far out.
. conventional, orthodox, tradi-
tional, normal.
-center
misaligned, o
-balanced, askew,
eccentric.
. aligned, centered.
-color
risqueé, improper, tasteless, inde-
cent, inappropriate, suggestive, lewd, racy,
*raunchy, dirty, o
ensive, indelicate, gross.
. tasteful, prudish, respectable, clean.
course
strayed, dri ed, lost, lost ones
bearings.  \r
1. \t\n\f\r a
ront, annoy, slight, spite,
disgust, outrage, mortify, vex, *ru#
e ones
feathers, *pull ones chain, *rattle ones cage,
*rub one the wrong way. 2.   \t
break the law, violate, transgress, sin.
. 1.
please, honor, compliment, praise.
ender
Z9241i_O.indd 411
5/25/10 12:26:36 PM
*verbosity, *mush, *tapioca, *departmental
murk.
ciate
oversee, preside over, chair, supervise,
direct, emcee, referee, judge.  \t.
OFFICIOUS
[uh FISH us] o
ering help or
advice when it is not wanted, meddlesome,
especially in a domineering way.
His moth-
er-in-law is particularly o\n
cious.
dlesome, obtrusive, intrusive, pushy, inter-
fering, forward, prying, domineering, bossy,
overbearing, high-handed, pragmatic.
.
reserved, unobtrusive, knowing ones place.
ng
1. horizon, far distance.  \f\f
-key
at, sharp, out of tune, discordant,
dissonant.
. in tune.
restricted, prohibited, forbidden,
barred, out of bounds, banned, taboo, un-
lawful, illegal.
. unrestricted, open, free.
disconnected, logged o
5/25/10 12:26:37 PM
genarian, golden-ager, *codger, *geezer, *old
fart, *du
er, *old buzzard, *gramps, *grand-
ma, *old girl, *old hen.
old wives tale
superstition, lore, folklore, be-
lief, myth, fallacy.
Olympian
Z9241i_O.indd 413
5/25/10 12:26:37 PM
ONEROUS
[OHN ur us] burdensome, la-
borious, or oppressive.
We were given the
onerous task of mowing all thirty acres.
burdensome, laborious, oppressive, trou-
blesome, di
cult, arduous, formidable, de-
manding, wearisome.
. easy, e
ortless,
painless, trouble-free.
one-sided
biased, partial, prejudiced, unfair,
narrow-minded, partisan.
. fair-minded,
democratic.
one-track mind
obsession, 
xation, passion,
preoccupation, fascination, single-minded-
one-upmanship
Z9241i_O.indd 414
5/25/10 12:26:37 PM
to serve. 5. \t-\t\n receptive, open-
minded, unbiased, unprejudiced. 6. \n-
  \n\t frank, sincere, blunt, com-
municative, revealing, disclosing, intimate,
*real.
. 1. closed, shut, sealed, unaccessi-
ble. 2. covered, hidden, enclosed, concealed. 3.
folded, bunched up. 4. closed. 5. close-minded,
narrow-minded, biased. 6. reserved, uncom-
municative, secretive.
open-air
outdoors, outside, alfresco.
open-and-shut
simple, easy, obvious, incon-
trovertible, cut and dried, guaranteed, clear-
cut, beyond argument, indisputable, *in the
bag, *sewn up, cinched.
. arguable, moot,
disputable, complex, convoluted, di\n
cult.
open-ended
opera
Z9241i_O.indd 415
5/25/10 12:26:38 PM
blood vessel gra
to improve blood 
ow:
bypass
boring hole in skull:
trepanning
brain, removal of front portion:
lobotomy
brain, spinal cord or nerve surgery:
rosurgery
breast removal:
mastectomy
burning away of abnormal tissue:
cauter-
ization
bypass:
shunt
cornea incisions to improve vision:
keratotomy
cutting nerve to relieve pain:
denervation
cutting surgically:
incising
cyst removal:
cystectomy
esophagus removal:
esophagectomy
exploratory:
exploratory surgery
exposure of brain:
craniotomy
extreme cold used to destroy abnormal tis-
sue:
cryosurgery
fallopian tube closure to prevent pregnan-
tubal ligation
gallbladder removal:
cholecystectomy
general pain blocker, unconsciousness in-
ducer:
general anesthesia
gum surgery:
gingivectomy
Z9241i_O.indd 416
5/25/10 12:26:38 PM
Z9241i_O.indd 417
5/25/10 12:26:38 PM
orate
speak, speechify, lecture, preach, ser-
monize, ponti
Z9241i_O.indd 418
5/25/10 12:26:39 PM
Z9241i_O.indd 419
5/25/10 12:26:39 PM
2.  eccentric, oddball, noncon-
formist.
original
1. \t initial, primary, earliest, fun-
damental, rudimentary, beginning, starting,
opening, introductory. 2. \t vision-
ary, imaginative, resourceful, inventive, in-
genious. 3.   \f\n\t\f new, ground-
breaking, visionary, unusual, unconvention-
al, novel, *cutting edge, *new wave, *new
school, *new age, extraordinary, unortho-
dox, singular.
. 1. last, \b
nal, ending, ul-
timate. 2. banal, unoriginal, pedestrian, imi-
tative, trite. 3. old, old hat, tired, dull, banal,
hackneyed.
originality
ingenuity, inventiveness, vision,
creativity, freshness, creative spark, imagi-
nation, novelty, newness, ingeniousness, ge-
nius, *blowing fresh wind through a stale
art. Simply a fresh pair of eyes.„
om-
as W. Higginson.
. imitation, plagiarism,
orthodoxy, unoriginality.
originally
adv.
initially, 
rst, in the beginning,
at the start, *from the word go.
original sin
disobedience, fall from grace,
eating the apple.
originate
start, begin, emerge, spring forth, ini-
tiate, commence, inaugurate, generate, arise.
origination
origin, source, birthplace. 
\t \t\n
originator
creator, inventor, father, mother, in-
novator, instigator, *spark, catalyst, architect.
ornament
decoration, embellishment, adorn-
ment, beauti
cation, dressing, accessory,
trimming, garnish, garnishment, festoon,
Z9241i_O.indd 420
5/25/10 12:26:39 PM
leading.
e Peeping Toms ostensible moti-
vation was to make money washing windows.
\n. seeming, apparent, professed, outward,
Z9241i_O.indd 421
5/25/10 12:26:40 PM
outcome
result, consequence, a
ermath, end,
upshot, *payo
, e
ect, a
ermath, wake, re-
percussion.
outcrop
rock shelf, mantel, protrusion, ob-
trusion, bedrock, *knuckle of rock.
outcry
clamor, uproar, protest, outburst, ex-
clamation, shout, scream, cry, hue and cry,
howl, holler, hullabaloo.
outdated
Z9241i_O.indd 422
5/25/10 12:26:40 PM
outmoded
Z9241i_O.indd 423
5/25/10 12:26:40 PM
Z9241i_O.indd 424
5/25/10 12:26:41 PM
pace
1.  gait, walk, run, stride, carriage. 2.
 velocity, clip, rate, momentum, prog-
ress.
pace
walk back and forth, *wear a rut in the
padre
father, priest, chaplain, parson, minis-
ter, cleric.
pagan
heathen, nonbeliever, in
del, atheist,
idolater.  \t\r
page
attendant, servant, errand-runner, mes-
senger, *gopher.
pageant
exhibition, parade, spectacle, show,
extravaganza, display, procession, gala, pre-
sentation.
pageantry
exhibition, parade, spectacle,
show, extravaganza, display, procession,
gala, grandeur, splendor, festivity, glitter, os-
tentation, pomp.
pager
*beeper, receiver, communication device.
pagoda
Buddhist tower, memorial, shrine,
temple.
pain
1. \f\b\t  ache, su
ering, ag-
ony, discomfort, sensation, irritation, tor-
ture, torment, soreness, tenderness, smart-
ing, twinge, pang, spasm, throbbing, stab-
bing, burning, sharp pain, cha
ng, clamping,
cramping, searing pain, stitch. 2. \r\b\t
\b\r distress, anguish, misery, torment,
Z9241i_P.indd 425
5/25/10 12:26:43 PM
aching, stinging, biting, searing, sharp, un-
comfortable, unpleasant, disagreeable, di
cult, grievous, trying.
. comfortable, de-
lightful, enjoyable.
painkiller
Z9241i_P.indd 426
5/25/10 12:26:43 PM
renalized, lose control, *lose it, be
lled with
a sense of impending doom.
. relax, calm,
breathe easy.
 \b
panic disorder
skirtlike pants of various lengths:
culottes
straight-cut and tight:
stovepipe pants
straight-cut, cu
ed, bike-riding pants of
pedal pushers
stretch pants:
spandex pants
tight-thighed and rumpled below knees,
popular in 60s and in 80s:
choori-dars
pantywaist
sissy, *wimp, *wuss, *wussy, cry-
baby.
paparazzi
photographers, photojournalists,
freelance photographers, celebrity stalkers.
paper
Z9241i_P.indd 427
5/25/10 12:26:44 PM
parallel
1. -\f- aligned, abreast,
alongside. 2. \t\b correspondent, match-
ing, alike, akin, analogous.
. 1. perpen-
dicular. 2. dissimilar.
paralysis
immobility, incapacitation, palsy,
disability, prostration, loss of sensation, spi-
nal cord damage, insensitivity.
complete from neck down:
quadriplegia
lower half of body:
paraplegia
paralyze
immobilize, incapacitate, disable,
cripple, freeze, prostrate, debilitate, numb,
Z9241i_P.indd 428
5/25/10 12:26:44 PM
paroxysm
convulsion, spasm, outburst, sei-
zure, attack, 
areup,
t, eruption, throe,
spell.
parrot
echo, repeat, mimic, imitate, copy, ape.
parry
ward o
, de
ect, turn aside, fend o
defend against, avert, sidestep, dodge, elude.
PARSIMONIOUS
[PAR suh MOH nee us]
miserly, stingy.
e parsimonious old fool re-
cycled everything.
\f\r. miserly, stingy, cheap,
thri
y, penny-pinching, nickel-squeezing,
close, *tight
sted, sparing, economical, fru-
gal.
. generous, giving, charitable, free-
spending.
parson
cleric, rector, clergyman, minister,
preacher, pastor, man of the cloth.
part
1.  component, portion, unit, in-
gredient, constituent, element, section, divi-
sion, segment, fraction, department. 2. \t
function, job, duty, responsibility, involve-
ment. 3. \b\r \t character, bit part,
lead, supporting role.
. 1. whole, total,
aggregate.
part
1.  separate, disunite, split, sever,
cleave, dissect, break, splay, branch out. 2.
\t\b go, depart, withdraw, break away, go
separate ways, take ones leave, *split.
partake
take part, participate, join in, share
in, eat, *have a taste, consume.
partial
1. \r\t limited, fragmen-
tary, de
cient, un
nished, halfway. 2. -
\b prejudiced, one-sided, partisan, dis-
criminatory, unbalanced, unfair, unjust.
.
1. complete, whole. 2. fair, impartial, neutral,
objective.
partiality
bias, prejudice, favoritism, pref-
erence, one-sidedness, unfairness, leaning,
partisanship, predilection, predisposition,
weakness, a
nity, fondness, liking.
. im-
partiality, objectivity, fairness.
partially
adv.
Z9241i_P.indd 429
5/25/10 12:26:44 PM
lag, fall behind, trail. 5. fail, 
unk, *blow it. 6.
password
Z9241i_P.indd 430
5/25/10 12:26:44 PM
paternal
fatherly, fatherlike, patriarchal, pro-
tective, solicitous.
. maternal.
path
1. \b\t walkway, footpath, walk, way,
course, track, shortcut, rut, passage. 2. \b-
!\f.
Z9241i_P.indd 431
5/25/10 12:26:45 PM
pave
surface, blacktop, resurface, tar, overlay,
lay asphalt, macadamize, level, cobble.
pavement
peacock
pea fowl, peahen.
eyelike spot:
ocellus
walk:
strut
peak
top, pinnacle, summit, mountaintop,
crest, height, roof, tip, ridge, head, climax, ze-
nith, limit, apex, maximum, acme, high point,
crown.
. low point, depression, foot.
peak
crest, climax, *come to a head, culmi-
nate, top, reach the zenith, crown.
. *bot-
tom out.
peaked
thin, wan, pale, sickly, gaunt, hag-
gard, emaciated, wizened.
. healthy, ro-
bust, hearty.
peal
ringing, reverberation, thunder, boom,
rumble, roar, crack, blast, chime, clang, tin-
tinnabulation, clangor, toll.
peal
resound, ring, reverberate, resonate,
sound, clang, chime, toll, knell, bong, tintin-
nabulate, rumble, thunder.
peasant
farmer, laborer, farmhand, serf, vas-
sal, rustic, provincial, commoner, *hick,
*hayseed.
. aristocrat, nobleman.
pebble
stone, gravel.  \n
PECCADILLO
[PEK uh DIL oh] a minor
fault, sin, or o
ense.
e media has a way
of 
ushing out a politicians every peccadil-
lo.
Z9241i_P.indd 432
5/25/10 12:26:45 PM
had little common sense; she was pedantic.
\f\r. scholarly, didactic, academic, learned,
Z9241i_P.indd 433
5/25/10 12:26:45 PM
pennant
banner, 
ag, pennon, streamer, ban-
derole, bunting, colors.
penniless
impoverished, destitute, poor,
*broke, poverty-stricken, bankrupt, indigent,
homeless.
. rich, wealthy.
pension
annuity, retirement bene
ts, pay-
ment, social security, disability income. 
\r\f
PENSIVE
[PEN siv] in deep thought, espe-
cially about sad things.
We remained pensive
long a\t
er the funeral.
\f\r. deep in thought,
meditative, contemplative, melancholy,
withdrawn, ruminative, troubled, wistful,
brooding.
. carefree, untroubled.
penthouse
apartment, dwelling, residence.
pent-up
con
ned, restrained, curbed, held in
check, repressed, suppressed, held-in, bot-
tled-up.
. released, relieved, vented.
penurious
miserly, stingy, hoarding, frugal,
thri
y, penny-pinching, cheap, parsimo-
nious, tight
sted, mean.
. extravagant,
wasteful, generous.
peon
laborer, drudge, farmhand, peasant,
worker, menial, toiler, serf, slave.
people
1. \b\r human beings, folks, hu-
mankind, human race, mankind, man, per-
sons, populace, individuals, Homo sapiens,
mortals. 2. \b community, electorate,
rank and
Z9241i_P.indd 434
5/25/10 12:26:46 PM
perforate
perforate - permit
Z9241i_P.indd 435
5/25/10 12:26:46 PM
give the go-ahead, *okay.
. prohibit, re-
fuse, deny, ban.
PERNICIOUS
[pur NISH us] destructive,
deadly, very harmful.
e pernicious disease
ected half the community.
\f\r. destructive,
Z9241i_P.indd 436
5/25/10 12:26:46 PM
read, examine, pore over, scan, inspect, re-
view, skim, *
ip through.
PERVADE
[pur VADE] to spread through-
out, permeate.
e odor of cooking 
sh will
pervade an entire household.
\f\r. spread
throughout, permeate, di
use, saturate,
Z9241i_P.indd 437
5/25/10 12:26:47 PM
million, *one for the books, prodigy, hap-
pening.
philanderer
adulterer, *swinger, 
irt, *make-
out artist, *wolf, Don Juan.
philanthropic
charitable, benevolent, giv-
ing, humane, humanitarian, altruistic, kind,
generous, bene
cent, magnanimous.
.
sel
sh, miserly, misanthropic.
philanthropist
humanitarian, giver, bene-
factor, Good Samaritan, donor, contributor,
sponsor, booster,
nancier. A rich ƒ old
gentleman who has trained himself to grin
ent, disinterested, dormant, unemotional, 
at,
unresponsive, impassive, lifeless, passive.
.
excitable, passionate, fervid, responsive.
phobia
Z9241i_P.indd 438
5/25/10 12:26:47 PM
ocean:
thalassophobia
old age:
gerontophobia
open spaces:
agoraphobia
pain:
alophobia
poison:
toxicophobia
precipices:
cremnophobia
responsibility:
hypengyophobia
ridicule:
catagelophobia
robbers:
harpaxophobia
sex:
coitophobia, genophobia
sharp objects:
aichmophobia
sin, committing:
peccatiphobia
sleep:
hypnophobia
ophidiophobia
snow:
chionophobia
solitude:
autophobia
speaking:
lalophobia
spiders:
arachneophobia
astrophobia
strangers:
xenophobia
sunlight:
heliophobia
thunderstorms:
astraphobia, brontophobia
touched, being:
haptephobia
water:
hydrophobia
women:
gynophobia
work:
ergophobia
phobic
anxious, fearful, afraid, irrational, ap-
prehensive, neurotic, conditioned to fear,
disturbed, disordered, terri
ed, scared.
.
fearless, at ease.
phony
fake, fraud, counterfeit, sham, forgery,
imposter, hoax.
phony
fake, counterfeit, sham, fraudulent,
bogus, imitation, spurious, specious.
.
real, genuine, authentic.
photocopy
copy, run o
, reproduce, duplicate,
replicate, reprint, Xerox.
photograph
photo, picture, print, still, snap-
shot, close-up, portrait, blowup, shot, *pix,
negative, slide, *Polaroid, glossy, composite,
photocopy.
photograph
shoot, take, capture on
lm, snap,
lm, tape.
photographer
*shutterbug, paparazzo, cine-
matographer, photojournalist.
photography
picture-taking, still photogra-
phy, portraiture, cinematography. Instanta-
neous art.„M.F. Agha. A form of voyeur-
ism.„Joseph Strick.
altering photos with dye:
airbrushing, re-
touching
border for photo:
matte
borderless or faded border photo:
Z9241i_P.indd 439
5/25/10 12:26:47 PM
physician
doctor, M.D., general practitio-
ner, GP, health care provider, D.O., *saw-
bones, specialist, resident, intern, surgeon,
*bones, medic, specialist, surgeon.  -
, \r
physique
build, anatomy, body, shape, phys-
iognomy, frame, makeup, con
guration,
musculature.
piano
*ivories, keyboard.  \b\t \r-
\r
picayune
trivial, tri
ing.  \f
pick
choice, selection, preference, favorite,
prize, elite, cream.
pick
acute, boring, mesmerizing, withering.
.
1. quiet, low. 2. cool, inexpressive.
piercing
body jewelry, body art, belly ring,
nose ring.  \b\r
bottom lip, dual piercing resembling fangs
under:
snake bite
labia of female genitals, piercing with bead
or ball through:
Christina
lip, ring, ball or gem worn in the:
Z9241i_P.indd 440
5/25/10 12:26:48 PM
pillage
plunder, loot, rob, sack, despoil, steal,
thieve, maraud, desecrate.
pillar
1. \t\r post, upright, support, pier,
piling, sha
, colonnade, pylon. 2. \t\b
supporter, backbone, mainstay, upholder,
*tower of strength.
pillow
cushion, pad, bolster, head support.
pilot
navigator, 
yer, aviator, helmsman, cox-
swain, captain, wheelman.
pilot
navigate, 
y, steer, direct, guide, *man
the helm, drive control.
pimp
whoremonger, agent, procurer, pander-
er, *
esh peddler, madam, *hustler.
pimple
papule, pustule, *zit, eruption, in-
ammation, boil, blemish, blackhead, acne.
pin
Z9241i_P.indd 441
5/25/10 12:26:48 PM
grievous, poignant.
. honorable, proud,
jubilant.
pitfall
trap, snare, booby trap, danger, per-
il, drawback, stumbling block, hazard, risk,
*catch.
pithy
concise, to the point, brief, succinct,
meaningful, pointed, *meaty, tight, focused.
. rambling, wordy, digressive.
pitiful
Z9241i_P.indd 442
5/25/10 12:26:48 PM
plan
Z9241i_P.indd 443
5/25/10 12:26:49 PM
good-natured.
. unpleasant, painful, mis-
erable, disagreeable.
pleasantry
quip, kidding, jest, joke, banter,
repartee, crack, bon mot, witticism, polite
remark, small talk.
please
1. \b\n \b\f gratify, satisfy, gladden,
*tickle, suit, delight, cheer, warm. 2. 
want, like, desire, be inclined.
pleasing
pleasurable, gratifying, pleasant,
delightful, agreeable, enjoyable, winning,
Z9241i_P.indd 444
5/25/10 12:26:49 PM
luxurious, rich, lush, opulent, sumptu-
ous, posh, deluxe, elegant.
. stark, aus-
tere, plain.
work at, practice, engage in, carry on, pur-
sue, follow, employ, use, wield.
pneumonia
lung in
ammation, acute infec-
tion, viral infection, disease, pulmonary dis-
ease, bacterial infection, illness, sickness.
 \b, \r
poach
trespass, encroach, take game illegal-
ly, steal.
poacher
thief, pilferer, sco
aw, intruder,
trespasser, hunter.
POIGNANT
[POIN yunt] moving or touch-
ing, especially in a painful way. 
e poignant
nal scene moved the audience to tears.
\f\r. moving, touching, painful, emotional,
heartrending, heartbreaking, soul-stirring,
5/25/10 12:26:49 PM
pot, ante, chips, kitty
suit, 
ve cards of same:
ush, royal 
suit, four cards of same:
four 
three of a kind and a pair:
full house
withdraw:
fold
POLARIZE
[POH luh RIZE] to take oppos-
ing sides.
Certain issues have the tenden-
cy to polarize Americans.
\f\r. split, oppose,
counter, contradict, take side, con
ict, *be
on the opposite ends of the spectrum, dif-
fer, diverge.
. join forces, ally, confederate,
merge, unite.
pole
post, sha
, sta
, rod, standard, stick, mast.
police/policeman/woman
law enforcement,
*arm of the law, force, law, *heat, *cops, bob-
by, *John Law, *fuzz, constable, o
cer, keep-
er of the peace, patrolman, highway patrol,
state trooper, *badge, sheri
, marshal, dep-
uty.  , , \r\b,
\t\b
altering of crime scene to mislead police:
crime scene staging
*collar, *bust, apprehend
baton:
billy club, nightstick
blood spatter patterns, reading of:
blood-
stain pattern analysis
blood-revealing chemical:
Luminol; or-
thotolidine solution
bloodstain is human or animal, test to de-
termine if:
ouchteriony test
bone analysis, department of human:
fo-
rensic anthropology
book of recorded arrests:
blotter
British:
bobby
Z9241i_P.indd 446
5/25/10 12:26:50 PM
massive, organized crackdown of crime in
one area:
sweep
polite
well-mannered, courteous, gracious,
civil, considerate, thoughtful, courtly, be-
haved, gentlemanly, ladylike, re
ned, nice,
diplomatic.
. rude, discourteous, boorish,
ill-mannered.
politeness
One half good nature and the
other half good lying.„Mary Little. Con-
sists in being easy about oneself, and in
making everyone about one as easy as one
can.„Alexander Pope.
politic
Z9241i_P.indd 447
5/25/10 12:26:50 PM
skilled, respected politician:
statesman
sob story suckers:
bleeding heart liberals
southern conservative democrats:
boll wee-
vils
minding ones own business international-
ly:
isolationism
multiculturally sensitive:
politically correct
negotiating concession:
bargaining chip
neutral:
nonpartisan
nonmilitary hostility between nations:
cold war
opponents, bad guys:
black hats
party, dual:
bipartisan
party ideology:
party line
party line, following:
singing from the par-
ty hymnal
passing responsibility, burden or blame to
someone else:
buck passing
politics - poltergeist
Z9241i_P.indd 448
5/25/10 12:26:50 PM
polygamy
bigamy, group marriage, polygyny.
 \b\b
pomp
splendor, show, display, grandeur,
spectacle, pageantry, ceremony, ostentation,
pomposity.
. simplicity.
pompous
cape:
polygamy - portal
Z9241i_P.indd 449
5/25/10 12:26:50 PM
portend
Z9241i_P.indd 450
5/25/10 12:26:51 PM
potable
drink, beverage.
potable
drinkable,
t to drink, palatable, pure,
non-toxic, clean.
. toxic
potato
tuber, *spud, yam.
potent
ective, powerful, strong, fertile, vi-
tal, dynamic, cogent, vigorous, compelling,
forceful, *packing a punch, virile, in
uential,
moving, weighty, e
cacious.
. impotent,
weak, powerless, helpless, ine\b
ectual.
potentate
ruler, monarch, sovereign, emper-
or, king, prince, crowned head, president,
chie
ain, dictator.
potential
capability, untapped ability, capac-
ity, *makings, possibility, promise, prospect,
*sleeping giant.
potential
possible, latent, unrealized, *sleep-
ing, dormant, promising, budding, future,
lurking, developing.
pothole
rut, chuckhole, frost heave, pit, cra-
Z9241i_P.indd 451
5/25/10 12:26:51 PM
prairie
grassland, plain, meadow, veldt, pas-
ture, tundra.  \t
praise
compliments, commendation, applause,
acclaim, good words, approval, tribute, rec-
ognition, laudation, extolment, cheers. 
at
Z9241i_P.indd 452
5/25/10 12:26:51 PM
precipice
drop-o
, cli
, ledge, height, brink,
*vertiginous overlook, blu
, escarpment.
PRECIPITATE
[pri SIP i TATE] to cause to
happen sooner than desired or expected.
embargo precipitated the rise of oil prices.
\f\r.
hasten, quicken, speed, expedite, accelerate,
advance, trigger, instigate, drive, impel.
precipitate
hasty, rash, headlong, rushed, hur-
5/25/10 12:26:52 PM
partiality. 2. \f advantage, precedence,
edge, *leg up.
pregnancy
gestation, fertilization, incuba-
tion, *the family way, parturiency.  \b\f,

abortion, spontaneous:
miscarriage
before labor:
antepartum
blood discharge before labor:
bloody show
brown patches on pregnant womans skin:
*mask of pregnancy, chloasma
dark line on pregnant womans belly:
ea nigra
embryo, earliest form of:
blastocyst
false pregnancy:
pseudocyesis
fetal movement, mothers 
rst perception
of:
quickening
uid:
amniotic 
Z9241i_P.indd 454
5/25/10 12:26:52 PM
part, majority, prevalence.
. lesser part,
minority.
preposterous
absurd, ridiculous, outrageous,
ludicrous, asinine, foolish, silly, nonsensical,
crazy, insane, impossible, unbelievable, un-
thinkable.
. logical, reasonable, sensible.
PREREQUISITE
[pree REK wuh zit] re-
quired, necessary.
Math may always be a
prerequisite course.
\f\r. required, necessary,
demanded, essential, imperative, called for,
obligatory, mandatory, needed.
. elective,
unnecessary.
PREROGATIVE
[pree ROG uh tiv] a right
or privilege.
It was her prerogative to close
the store whenever she wished.
\f\r. right,
privilege, choice, authority, liberty, freedom,
advantage, license, exemption.
preschool
nursery school, day care center,
kindergarten.
prescribe
Z9241i_P.indd 455
5/25/10 12:26:52 PM
famous, illustrious, impressive, in
uential.
. unknown, disrespected.
presumably
adv.
probably, ostensibly, likely, in
all probability.
presume
1. \b take for granted, think,
guess, surmise, suppose, believe, take it, pos-
tulate, consider. 2. \b venture, take liber-
ties, have the audacity, overstep, go too far.
presumption
1. \b\r thinking, sup-
position, guess, belief, suspicion, conjec-
ture, hypothesis, premise. 2. \b\r
rontery, audacity, gall, boldness, daring,
*cheek, nerve, insolence.
PRESUMPTUOUS
[pree ZUMP choo us]
overly bold or con
dent and taking too
much for granted.
It was quite presumptuous
of her to take the blue ribbon before the win-
ner was even announced.
\f\r. bold, nervy,
con
dent, audacious, forward, *ballsy, rude,
cocksure, brazen, lordly, arrogant, egotis-
tical, insolent, pompous.
. unassuming,
modest, humble.
Z9241i_P.indd 456
5/25/10 12:26:53 PM
sti
, decorous.
. loose, wild, unre
ned,
informal, casual.
PRIMA DONNA
[PREE muh DONN uh] a
moody, complaining, and egotistical person.
Also, the lead female vocalist in an opera.
Her success made her an unappealing prima
donna.
\f\r. 1. \t \b crybaby, *snot,
witch, grouch, loudmouth, temperamen-
tal whiner, princess, eg
otist, *hell on wheels,
*jerk. 2. \b headliner, soloist, lead vocalist.
primal
primeval, original, prehistoric, primi-
tive, aboriginal.
primarily
adv.
mainly, in the
rst place, fun-
damentally,
rst and foremost, principally,
chie
y, largely.
primary
1.  original, earliest, primal,
primordial, introductory, initial, begin-
ning. 2. \b\r principal, chief, basic, essen-
tial, fundamental,
rst, capital, major.
. 1.
secondary, succeeding. 2. minor, secondary.
primate
simian, hominid, ape, monkey, pros-
imian, chimpanzee, gorilla.
prime
best days, youth, springtime of life,
heyday, peak, height, spring, summer.
prime
prepare, *prep, ready, groom, train,
break in, coach.
prime
 \b\f
prime minister
Z9241i_P.indd 457
5/25/10 12:26:53 PM
reforming of prisoner:
rehabilitation
return to life of crime a
er prison:
recidi-
vism
section holding those sentenced to death:
death row
brig
smuggler of contraband:
*mule
solitary con
nement cell, slang for:
the hole
spousal relations visit:
conjugal visit
store inside:
commissary
ten year sentence:
transfer of prisoner to other jurisdiction:
extradition
trouble-making prisoner:
agitator
war camp:
concentration camp
youth:
reformatory, reform school
prisoner
 \r
prissy
*goody-goody, straitlaced, prudish,
prim, *goody two shoes, overnice, fussy, fas-
tidious, particular, puritanical.
. wanton,
unruly, loose.
PRISTINE
[pris TEEN] unspoiled or pure,
Z9241i_P.indd 458
5/25/10 12:26:53 PM
proclivity
inclination, tendency, propensity,
disposition, predilection, penchant, weak-
ness, leaning, bias.
. aversion, dislike.
procrastinate
put o
, stall, delay, *drag ones
Z9241i_P.indd 459
5/25/10 12:26:54 PM
t
n.
Z9241i_P.indd 460
5/25/10 12:26:54 PM
ing class, laborers, blue-collar workers, com-
moners, lower class, rank and
le, plebians,
bourgeoisie, the masses, hoi polloi.
. up-
per class, ruling class, nobility, royalty, aristo-
crats.
PROLIFERATE
[proh LIF uh RATE] to mul-
tiply, increase, or spread at a fast rate.
Mush-
rooms proliferate on moist ground.
\f\r. mul-
tiply, increase, spread, reproduce, breed,
*mushroom, grow rampant, *run riot, bur-
Z9241i_P.indd 461
5/25/10 12:26:54 PM
proof
evidence, veri
cation, con
rmation,
authentication, corroboration, validation,
certi
cation, substantiation, testimony, facts.
proofread
copyedit, blue pencil, edit, read,
check for errors.
prop
support, brace, buttress, pillar, stan-
chion, upright, beam, post, column, joist.
prop
hold up, carry, support, shoulder, brace,
gird, buttress, shore, stand, lean against.
propaganda
disinformation, brainwashing,
indoctrination, lies, distortion, deception,
dissemination, psychological manipulation,
subversive PR. Polished lying.„Lin Yu-
tang. A polite euphemism for deception.„
Walte.
propagate
1.  reproduce, multiply, gen-
Z9241i_P.indd 462
5/25/10 12:26:55 PM
PROSCRIBE
[proh SCRIBE] to outlaw, ban,
condemn.
e church proscribes pornogra-
phy.
\f\r. outlaw, ban, prohibit, condemn,
denounce, forbid, reject, exile, boycott, em-
bargo, banish.
. accept, allow, permit.
prosecute
le legal proceedings against, try,
bring suit, sue, bring to trial, litigate, take
to court, seek redress, arraign, indict. 
, \t\b, \t\b\f.
proselytize
espouse, persuade, talk into, con-
vert, convince
prospect
1. \t\n expectancy, possibility,
likelihood, anticipation, chance, speculation,
probability, hope. 2.  panorama, scene,
vista, outlook, aspect, lookout, perspective.
prospect
search, explore, look for, seek, probe,
pan.
prospective
future, expected, likely, forth-
coming, anticipated, possible, potential,
coming, on the horizon, destined, probable.
. unlikely, far-fetched.
prospector
mineral hunter, rock hunter,
rockhound, miner, gold panner, sourdough,
wildcat driller, wildcatter, forty-niner.
prospectus
nancial statement, investment
summary, program, plan.
prosper
succeed, grow, thrive, make a fortune,
homosexual:
*chicken
homosexuals old male customer:
*chick-
en hawk
hostess mistakenly thought to be, Japanese:
house:
brothel, *cathouse, house of ill re-
pute, *joy house, *sporting house, bor-
dello, bawdy house, massage parlor
male, upper class:
gigolo
mistress:
concubine
mistress of rich man:
courtesan
proprietor of brothel:
madam
ring of prostitution featuring kidnapped
girls:
white slavery
solicit customers:
pander
undercover:
escort service, massage parlor
prostitute
sell ones body, sell oneself out,
lower oneself, demean oneself, debase, de-
grade, cheapen, misuse, abuse.
prostrate
1. \t\f\r \b \r prone, re-
cumbent, horizontal, 
at, supine, in a po-
sition of humility, lying in submission, laid
out. 2.  helpless, overwhelmed,
overpowered, crushed, paralyzed, humbled,
powerless, exhausted, weak, spent, fatigued,
worn out, tired.
. 1. standing, upright,
erect. 2. powerful, emboldened, invigorated.
protagonist
principal, lead, central
gure,
hero, heroine, star, exponent, champion.
protect
shield, defend, take care of, safeguard,
fend, cover, stick up for, escort, screen, shel-
ter, mother, father.
. expose, leave vulner-
able.
protection
shielding, defense, care, safe-
guarding, cover, escort, screen, shelter, secu-
rity, preservation, safety, refuge.
. expo-
sure, vulnerability.
protective
protecting, shielding, defensive,
safeguarding, covering, sheltering, securing,
preserving, maternal, paternal.
. unpro-
tective, unsafe, insecure, damaging.
protégé
student, star pupil, dependent, charge,
understudy, protégée, ward, apprentice.
protest
objection, remonstrance, complaint,
grievance, march, demonstration, strike,
riot, boycott, rally, sit-in, *stink, fuss, pick-
proscribe - protocol
Z9241i_P.indd 463
5/25/10 12:26:55 PM
5/25/10 12:26:55 PM
prurient
lustful, lewd, libidinous, salacious,
lascivious, sexual, lecherous, *horny, carnal.
. prudish, puritanical, prim.
pry
1. *\n \r \r \r interfere, meddle,
intrude, snoop, be nosy, *butt in, interlope.
2. \r wrest, force open, pull apart, li
o
raise, lever, prize, jimmy.
hymn, song.
pseudonym
assumed name, alias, pen name,
nom de plume, a.k.a., stage name, profes-
sional name.
soul, intellect, mind, self, ego, spirit,
subconscious, anima.
psyched
a. Sl.
excited, *pumped, aroused, *ra-
rin to go, inspired, charger, eager, *
red up,
*wired, roused, *on
re, stimulated.
. dis-
couraged, demoralized.
psychiatrist
doctor, psychoanalyst, psycho-
therapist, psychologist, *head doctor, thera-
pist, *shrink, *headshrinker, mental health
practitioner. Someone who will listen to
you as long as you dont make sense.„Max-
well Hyman.
psychic
intuitive, mind-reader, sensitive,
clairvoyant, medium, telepath, supersensory,
reading of someones mind and back-
ground, with no previous information:
cold reading
perceive what others cannot, ability to:
clairvoyance
psychic powers, referring to:
seeing or knowing what will occur in fu-
ture:
precognition; prescience; second
sight; sixth sense; having a third eye;
prophecy
spirits, acting as a medium to communi-
cate with:
channeling
skeptics term for acceptance of psychics
reading by eager-to-believe subjects:
subjective validation
skeptics term for the broad scattering of
interpretations and impressions psy-
Z9241i_P.indd 465
5/25/10 12:26:56 PM
study of same subjects over many years:
longitudinal study
study of past studies to arrive at a consen-
Z9241i_P.indd 466
5/25/10 12:26:56 PM
Z9241i_P.indd 467
5/25/10 12:26:56 PM
point of view of others, inability to see:
ego-
centrism
poor me sacri
cer who seeks constant
sympathy:
martyr
potential despite 
aws and di
culties, liv-
ing to ones full:
self actualization
punishments and unpleasant associations
to change behavior, therapy utilizing:
aversion therapy
reverse psychology:
paradoxical psychology
rage, condition of adolescent, uncon-
trolled:
intermittent explosive disorder
rationalization of disturbing thoughts
through mental gymnastics:
intellec-
tualization
recall of a past trauma, abnormally pow-
erful:
hypermnesia
relationships, condition in which one has
no interest in:
schizoid personality dis-
order
relaxation training through blood pres-
sure, heart, and brain monitoring:
bio-
feedback training
reward system, changing behavior through:
positive reinforcement
rigid and exacting personality, overly:
compulsive personality
ritualistic disorder of repeated hand-
petitive behaviors:
obsessive-compulsive disorder
role-playing group therapy:
Gestalt thera-
py; psychodrama
screaming, therapy involving intense:
pri-
mal scream therapy
self in psychoanalytic theory, the rational
component of the:
ego
self-worth dependant on ones signi
cant
other:
relationship-contingent self-esteem
sex, condition in which one is sickened by:
sexual aversion disorder
shock therapy for severely depressed pa-
tients:
electroconvulsive therapy
shutting down emotional reactions to con-
tain stress:
numbing
stress converted to physical or emotional
symptom:
conversion
stress converted to physical or emotional
outburst or paralysis:
conversion reac-
tion
stress that is chronic and intense a
traumatic experiences:
post traumatic
stress disorder
suggestion, vulnerability to power of:
gestibility
therapy based on cultivating optimism
and gratitude:
positive psychology
unacceptable thoughts to unconscious,
moving:
suppression
unhealthy relationship in which one is
manipulated by the others neurosis or
substance abuse:
codependency
utterance revealing speakers true feelings,
inadvertent:
Freudian slip
woman-hater:
misogynist
word association game used to reveal the
unconscious:
free association
psychotic
psychopathic, mentally ill, de-
ranged, demented, disturbed, *nuts, delu-
sional, unstable.
. clear-headed, sane,
healthy.
 \r\b\r
pub
tavern, bar, public house, saloon, ale-
house.
puberty
adolescence, teen years, sexual mat-
uration, development, awkward years, pu-
bescence.
boys change of voice:
ponticello
public
Z9241i_P.indd 468
5/25/10 12:26:56 PM
puerile
childish, immature, young, juvenile,
infantile, babyish, callow, silly, sophomoric,
foolish.
. mature, adult, serious.
pu
breath, whi
, hu
, wind, gust, dra
, wa ,
blow, expulsion, cloud, smoke, vapor.
pu
blow, breathe, inhale, exhale, hu
, pant,
wheeze, gust, draw, suck.
pu
swollen, baggy, in
ated, bulging, pu
up, distended, bloated, billowy.
. de
at-
ed, 
at.
PUGNACIOUS
[pug NA shus] given to
ghting, combative.
e pugnacious bully
was the terror of the school.
\f\r. combative,
quarrelsome, belligerent, given to
ghting,
aggressive, contentious, bellicose, antago-
nistic, militant.
. peaceful, passive, paci-
st, meek.
pulchritude
punctual
on time, prompt, on schedule, *on
the dot, timely, dependable, reliable.
.
late, tardy.
punctuate
emphasize, accentuate, stress, un-
derscore, underline, accent, mark.
puncture
hole, opening, cut, slit, perforation,
rupture, leak, *
at, *blowout.
puncture
pierce, prick, cut, open, rupture, slit,
perforate, put a hole in.
PUNDIT
[PUN dit] one who is an author-
ity, a learned man or woman.
e political
pundit gave a witty and insightful lecture to
a delighted audience.
\f\r. authority, expert,
learned man/woman, sage, scholar, know-it-
all, professional observer, master, savant.
PUNGENT
[PUN junt] sharply 
avorful or
sharp-smelling. Also, sharp or biting in lan-
guage or speech.
Both the meal and the con-
versation were pungent.
\f\r. 1. \f sharp,
biting, acrid, harsh, bitter, acid, stinging,
strong, acerbic, piquant, 
avorful, peppery.
5/25/10 12:26:57 PM
beheader:
guillotine
board with head and hand holes to lock in
and humiliate o
ender in public:
pil-
lory
eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth:
talion
frame with ankle, wrist holes to lock in of-
fender:
stocks
hanging, instrument of:
Z9241i_P.indd 470
5/25/10 12:26:57 PM
center. 2.  phrase, word, present,
state, say, articulate, pose.
putrefy
rot, decompose, spoil, decay, *go bad,
Z9241i_P.indd 471
5/25/10 12:26:57 PM
quack
Z9241i_Q.indd 472
5/25/10 12:26:58 PM
*o
the wall, quaint, extraordinary. 2. -
\t\n gay, lesbian.
. 1. normal, ordinary,
usual. 2. heterosexual.
 \t\n
quell
subdue, crush, put down, defeat, stamp
out, conquer, suppress, quash, vanquish,
end, silence.
quench
1.  \r\t put out, douse, smoth-
er, snu
out, subdue, suppress, quash, quell.
2.   \r \f slake, satiate, *hit
the spot, sate, refresh, cool.
querulous
fault-
nding, complaining, critical,
hard to please, caviling, grumbling, whining,
Z9241i_Q.indd 473
5/25/10 12:26:59 PM
long entertained the quixotic notion of giv-
ing children the vote.
\r. idealistic, roman-
tic, foolish, impractical, unrealistic, dreamy,
utopian, fanciful, chimerical, *starry-eyed,
visionary, chivalrous.
. practical, down-
to-earth, realistic.
quiz
test, exam, examination, pop quiz, ques-
tioning, multiple choice, Q&A, catechism.
quiz
test, examine, question, grill, ask, query,
pump, inquire, interrogate, cross-examine.
quizzical
1. \t \r\r perplexed, inquis-
itive, confused, puzzled, inquiring, curious,
searching, unbelieving, bewildered, lost. 2.
\r ridiculing, mocking, derisive, im-
pudent, insolent, joking.
quota
portion, share, cut, ration, allowance,
percentage, lot, part, piece, dole, measure.
quotation
quote, passage, citation, excerpt,
saying, selection, extract, reference.
quote
cite, parrot, recite, paraphrase, repeat,
excerpt, refer to, extract, reference.
quiz - quote
5/25/10 12:26:59 PM
rabbi
master, teacher, clergyman, clergywom-
an.  \b\t
school:
yeshiva
rabbit
bunny, jackrabbit, hare, doe, buck.
rabble
crowd, mob, the masses, commoners,
Z9241i_R.indd 475
5/25/10 12:27:01 PM
hold back horse to keep it from winning:
sti
horse that does well on muddy track:
mud-
info sheet:
racism
prejudice, discrimination, bigot-
ry, bias, segregation, apartheid, intolerance,
white supremacy.
racist
bigot, white supremacist, black su-
premacist, xenophobe, Ku Klux Klan mem-
ber, klansman.
racist
bigoted, prejudiced, white supremacist,
anti-Semitic, xenophobic, intolerant.
rack
frame, framework, stand, holder, scaf-
folding, grating, hack, 
ake.
Z9241i_R.indd 476
5/25/10 12:27:02 PM
raid
attack, invasion, onslaught, incursion,
ensive, foray, assault, charge, *bust.
raid
attack, invade, storm, strike, launch an
ensive, charge, sweep, maraud, assail, loot,
plunder, *bust.
rail
complain, criticize, *tongue-lash, as-
sail, denounce, condemn, censure, castigate,
chastise, *chew out.
. praise, compliment,
approve.
railing
baluster, balustrade, banister, hand-
Z9241i_R.indd 477
5/25/10 12:27:02 PM
single rail track:
monorail
sleeper, luxury:
palace car
slip o
tracks:
derail
sorting cars in freight yard:
marshaling
steam whistles peep:
crow
supervisor, fare collector:
conductor
supervisor of yard:
yardmaster
switching tracks:
shunting
tie:
sleeper, crosstie
turntable facility for switching locomo-
roundhouse
wheeled trucks that support cars:
bogies
width of track:
gauge
workers hand-pumped transport:
handcar
X-like railroad crossing sign:
crossbuck
railroad
push through, force through, rush
through, expedite.
rain
precipitation, ra
infall, mist, drizzle, miz-
zle, sprinkle, spit, shower, cloudburst, down-
pour, squall, thundershower, *gully wash-
er, deluge, drencher, *cats and dogs, torrent,
Z9241i_R.indd 478
5/25/10 12:27:02 PM
rampage
outbreak, fury, uproar, blowup, rage,
tempest, storm, running amuck, *warpath,
furor.
. calm, peace, contentment.
rampant
growing, spreading, uncontrolled,
rife, widespread, out of hand, unchecked,
out of control, unbridled, epidemic.
.
contained, limited, under control.
rampart
forti\n
cation, bulwark, defense, bar-
rier, embankment, earthwork, wall, breast-
work.  \r
ramshackle
claim.
. whisper, murmur, *talk under
ones breath.
rap
1. \t\b tap, hit, blow, stroke, slap, cu
punch, belt. 2.  *hip hop, urban black
Z9241i_R.indd 479
5/25/10 12:27:02 PM
thieving, marauding, pillaging, greedy, grasp-
ing, ravenous, voracious, savage.
. gener-
ous, kind-hearted, kindly.
rape
sexual assault, molestation, forcible inter-
course, ravishment, overpowering, violation,
*date rape, de
owering, plundering, pillage,
sacking.
rape
molest, sexually assault, ravish, *force
oneself on, attack, overpower, violate, de-
ower, de\n
le, *have ones way with, plunder,
pillage, sack.
rapid
, quick, 
Z9241i_R.indd 480
5/25/10 12:27:03 PM
ravine
gully, gorge, gulch, arroyo, valley,
ditch, wash, chasm, coulee.
ravishing
attractive, enchanting, alluring, en-
trancing, gorgeous, bewitching, beautiful,
captivating.
. repulsive, ugly, disgusting.
raw
1. \t\b\b rare, bloody, underdone.
2. \t\r unre\n
ned, unprocessed, virgin,
crude, rough, undressed, un\n
nished. 3. \t-
\f\t untrained, green, unseasoned,
immature, callow, un
edged, new, ignorant,
unschooled. 4. \b in
amed, tender, sen-
sitive, abraded, exposed, open, bare, chafed.
5. \b chilly, bitter, damp, bleak, freez-
ing, nippy, biting.
. 1. cooked, well-done.
2. re
ned, processed, milled. 3. experienced,
trained, seasoned. 4. healthy, calloused, numb.
5. warm, pleasant, balmy.
rawboned
lean, gaunt, wasted, hollow-
cheeked.
. corpulent, obese.
 \r\t
raze
tear down, level, 
atten, destroy, topple,
demolish, wreck, knock down, fell, *total.
reach
distance, extent, range, grasp, span,
Z9241i_R.indd 481
5/25/10 12:27:03 PM
ones mind at ease, comfort.
. unnerve,
frighten, discourage, shake ones con
dence.
rebate
reimbursement, bonus, discount. 
\t
rebel
revolutionary, insurrectionist, malcon-
tent, nonconformist, dissenter, insurgent,
mutineer, iconoclast, anarchist, indepen-
dent, opponent, traitor, young Turk.
.
conformist, follower, *sheep.
rebel
revolt, defy, disobey, resist, \n
ght, dissent,
rise up, oppose, mutiny, riot, overthrow.
rebellion
revolt, revolution, de\n
ance, insur-
rection, disobedience, insurgency, resis-
tance, dissent, opposition, uprising, mutiny.
A medicine necessary for the sound health
of government.Ž„
omas Je
erson.
rebellious
revolutionary, de\n
ant, disobedient,
resistant, iconoclastic, nonconforming, in-
surgent, insurrectionary, mutinous, recalci-
trant, seditious, riotous, ungovernable.
.
conforming, passive, *following the herd, doc-
ile, obedient.
rebound
bounce back, spring back, recover,
Z9241i_R.indd 482
5/25/10 12:27:03 PM
reciprocal
mutual, interchangeable, ex-
changed, alternate, interdependent, *give-
and-take, corresponding, shared.
. inde-
pendent, autonomous.
reciprocate
give and take, interchange, ex-
reciprocal - recruit
Z9241i_R.indd 483
5/25/10 12:27:04 PM
rectify
correct, adjust, right, amend, \n
x, rem-
edy, revise, straighten out, square, calibrate.
recumbent
lying down, reclining, prone, 
at,
Z9241i_R.indd 484
5/25/10 12:27:04 PM
nation, thought, cogitation, pondering, mus-
ing. Wisdoms best nurse.Ž„John Milton.
reform
correction, change for the better, im-
provement, advancement, betterment, reno-
vation, progress, recti\n
cation.
reformatory
penal institution, correctional
facility, reform school, training center. 
\f\b\t
refrain
do without, forgo, forbear, abstain, es-
chew, stop, resist, pass on, *swear o
. indulge, take up.
refresh
1. \t freshen, rejuvenate, invigo-
rate, revitalize, restore, revive, breathe new
life into, vivify. 2. \r\r jog, activate,
arouse, awaken, prompt, remind, cue.
.
1. wear out, drain, tire, sap. 2. dull, inhibit.
refreshing
1. \t\t freshening, reju-
venating, invigorating, revitalizing, restor-
ing, reviving, bracing, energizing. 2. \t
fresh, di
erent, original, novel.
. 1. tiring,
draining, sapping. 2. old, unoriginal.
refreshment
forti\n
cation, *pick-me-up,
nourishment, sustenance, food, drink, bite,
snack.
refrigerate
chill, cool, ice, freeze, air-condition.
refuge
shelter, retreat, safe haven, hiding
place, hideout, asylum, sanctuary, cover, se-
curity, protection.
refugee
emigrant, expatriate, defector, emigré,
runaway, evacuee, outcast, alien, fugitive.
refund
reimbursement, rebate, return, repay-
ment.
refund
pay back, reimburse, rebate, return,
repay, settle, recompense, satisfy.
refurbish
renovate, \n
x up, freshen up, bright-
en up, clean up, recondition, restore, renew,
rejuvenate, revamp.
refusal
no, rejection, *thumbs down, nix,
Z9241i_R.indd 485
5/25/10 12:27:04 PM
asymmetrical, uneven. 3. sporadic, irregular,
infrequent.
regulate
1. \b\t control, manage, direct,
administer, run, maintain, oversee. 2. -
\t equalize, adjust, time, moderate.
regulation
1. \b\t\r\b government, man-
agement, adjustment, supervision, direction,
moderation, tuning, timing. 2.  law, or-
dinance, statute, code, requirement, order,
commandment, instruction, canon.
regurgitate
throw up, heave, puke.  \b\r
rehabilitate
restore, reclaim, *rehab, straight-
en out, improve, reform, change, transform,
save, redeem, change ones ways.
rehearse
practice, go over, run through, pre-
pare, perfect, drill, train, *have a dry run,
tune up, *jam.
reign
rule, power, dominance, dominion,
sovereignty, sway, dynasty, governance,
leadership, tenure, control, regime.
reign
rule, hold power, be in power, govern,
command, manage, administer, hold sway,
lead, control, dominate, run the show.
reimburse
pay back, repay, recompense, com-
pensate, refund, make restitution, make
Z9241i_R.indd 486
5/25/10 12:27:05 PM
unrelenting, hard, cruel, un
agging.
. re-
lenting, brief, mercifully short, sparing.
relevant
relating, pertinent, applicable, ger-
mane, to the point, material, relative, apro-
pos, connected, apt.
. irrelevant, beside
the point, unrelated.
reliable
dependable, trustworthy, responsible,
conscientious, faithful, unfailing, constant,
steady, trusty.
. unreliable, undependable,
irresponsible.
reliance
con\n
dence, dependence, trust, be-
lief, credit, certainty, security.
. distrust,
insecurity.
relic
ruin, antique, antiquity, artifact, rem-
nant, remains, vestige, keepsake, souvenir.
relief
release, alleviation, easing, relaxation,
mitigation, soothing, amelioration, succor,
agnostic
relevant - religious
Z9241i_R.indd 487
5/25/10 12:27:05 PM
repentance for sins:
contrition
revelation of future in Bible:
Apocalypse
rising of soul a
er death:
resurrection
rites:
sacraments
sacred, make:
consecrate
Second Coming will arrive soon, denom-
ination believing:
Seventh Day Adven-
tist, Second Adventists
sect:
denomination
sex, priests vow to abstain from:
vow of cel-
ibacy
song from biblical text:
canticle
spread of word throughout the world:
evangelism
study of religion:
theology
tongues, denomination known for some
members who speak in:
Pentecostal
Church
tongues, speaking in:
glossolalia
Virgin Mary:
Madonna
washing before ceremonies:
ablutions
water immersion ceremony:
baptism
wise mens visit to Christs birth, commem-
oration of:
Epiphany
JUDAISM
candelabra used to mark Chanukah:
norah
discrimination against Jews:
antisemitism
eight-day festival commemorating exodus
of Jews from Egypt:
Passover
festival of lights commemorating victory of
Maccabees over the Syrians:
Chanukah
food 
t to be eaten:
God, name of:
Jehovah, Elohim, Yahweh,
YHWH, Adonai
holy day devoted to prayer, fasting:
Yom
Kippur
Jewish New Year:
Rosh Hashanah
minister:
rabbi
morning and evening prayer:
Shema
non-Jew:
gentile
Old Testament of Bible:
Hebrew Bible, To-
prayer leader in synagogue:
cantor
rabbinical writings, interpretations, and
the Torah collectively:
Talmud
skullcap worn by Jewish men:
yarmulka
strict, orthodox Jews known for earlocks,
black coats:
Chasidim, Hasidim
thirteen-year-olds rite of adulthood:
bar
mitzvah
twelve- or thirteen-year-old girls rite of
adulthood:
bat mitzvah
ISLAM
adherent:
Moslem, Muslim
authority on Muslim law:
ayatollah
call to prayer from minaret of mosque:
azan
daily call to prayers:
adhan
Z9241i_R.indd 488
5/25/10 12:27:05 PM
yoga adherent:
yogi
warrior caste:
Kshatriyas
what goes around comes around, doctrine
of:
karma
worship:
puja
BUDDHISM
Chinese Buddhism, enlightenment through
meditation:
Zen
domed Buddhist shrine:
stupa
enlightenment, path to:
dharma
enlightenment, sudden achievement of:
satori
festival:
Wesak
moral rules:
ve precepts
nonviolence doctrine:
ahimsa
one devoted to seeking enlightenment:
bo-
dhisattva
spiritual awakening, bliss:
enlightenment,
bodhi, nirvana
spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism:
Da-
lai Lama
ering, belief that everything leads to:
dukkha
word or phrase repeated during medita-
tion:
mantra
religious
1. \f\b devout, godly, spiritual,
faithful, churchgoing, theological, righteous,
God-fearing, reverent, saintly. 2. 
scrupulous, exact, conscientious, rigorous,
religious - remonstrate
Z9241i_R.indd 489
5/25/10 12:27:06 PM
remorse
guilt, penitence, self-reproach, com-
Z9241i_R.indd 490
5/25/10 12:27:06 PM
repeat
repetition, replay, rebroadcast, rerun,
rehash.
repeat
1. \r\r restate, say again, recap,
recapitulate, parrot. 2. \b \t duplicate,
remake, reproduce, redo, echo. 3. \r re-
count, relate.
repel
1. \f push back, force back, ward
, resist, drive away, fend o
, check, re-
fuse, spurn, reject, snub, *give cold shoulder.
2. \r *turn o
, sicken, revolt, appall,
*turn ones stomach, *gross out, *make ones
esh crawl.
. 1. welcome, embrace, accept.
2. attract, delight, please.
repellent
repulsive, disgusting, revolting, ap-
palling, sickening, nauseating, o
ensive, re-
pugnant, obnoxious.
repent
feel sorry, be remorseful, be contrite,
be conscious-stricken, rue the day, apolo-
gize, ask forgiveness, lament, deplore, be
penitent.
repentance
penitence, sorrow, remorse, con-
Z9241i_R.indd 491
5/25/10 12:27:06 PM
*tongue-lashing, upbraiding, castigation.
.
approval, praise.
reprimand
rebuke, scold, admonish, reproach,
*bawl out, censure, chastise, *give a tongue-
lashing, upbraid, castigate, *rake over the
coals.
. approve, praise, commend.
reprisal
Z9241i_R.indd 492
5/25/10 12:27:07 PM
one, its plagiarism, if you steal from many,
its research.Ž„Wilson Mizner.
researcher
prober, investigator, data special-
ist, analyst, scientist, experimenter, medical
Z9241i_R.indd 493
5/25/10 12:27:07 PM
resourceful
inventive, clever, creative, inge-
nious, handy, quick, imaginative, capable,
versatile, adaptable.
. unimaginative, in-
capable, helpless, ine\n
cient.
respect
1.  honor, esteem, deference,
admiration, reverence, consideration, fear,
veneration, awe, appreciation. 2. \f\b\t\r de-
tail, sense, aspect, way, regard. 3. \t
relation.
. 1. disrespect, disregard, con-
tempt.
respect
1.   honor, esteem,
defer to, idolize, admire, revere, look up to,
fear, venerate, view with awe, appreciate. 2.
\b comply.
. 1. disrespect, *dis.
respectable
1. \b\r \b \f\r admira-
ble, estimable, worthy, reputable, honorable,
ed, good, esteemed, strong, decent,
principled, correct, proper. 2.  
appreciable, substantial, decent, sizable, tol-
erable, goodly.
. 1. disreputable, despica-
ble, bad. 2. tiny, small, paltry.
respectful
deferential, regardful, courte-
ous, reverential, submissive, obeisant, polite,
well-mannered, obliging, obedient.
. dis-
respectful, irreverent, disobedient.
RESPITE
[RES pit] a rest or break from
5/25/10 12:27:07 PM
resurrection
resurrection - revenge
Z9241i_R.indd 495
5/25/10 12:27:08 PM
measure for measure, repay, reciprocate,
Z9241i_R.indd 496
5/25/10 12:27:08 PM
Ambrose Bierce. A thought in one mans
mind.Ž„Ralph Waldo Emerson. 2. \b\r\r\b\t
circle, orbit, lap, circuit, cycle, spin.
revolutionary
1. \b mutinous, in-
subordinate, riotous, resistant, insurrection-
ary, subversive. 2. \t progressive, radical,
innovative, *cutting edge, novel, advanced.
revolve
circle, orbit, go around, rotate, spin,
wheel, gyrate, twirl, whirl.
revulsion
disgust, repugnance, aversion,
rhyme
poem, verse, lyric, limerick, ode, al-
literation.
rhythm
revolutionary - ridicule
Z9241i_R.indd 497
5/25/10 12:27:08 PM
ridiculous
preposterous, absurd, ludicrous,
laughable, stupid, foolish, nonsensical,
senseless, idiotic, mindless, moronic, insane,
crazy, *nuts, *wacky, farcical, outrageous.
. sensible, rational, sober, sound.
[RIFE] abounding, widespread, com-
monly occurring.
e show was rife with
black humor.
\t. widespread, abounding,
abundant, plentiful, copious, profuse, numer-
ous, bursting, over
owing, prevalent, teem-
ing, rampant, thick.
. scarce, scant, rare.
ra
Z9241i_R.indd 498
5/25/10 12:27:09 PM
band, circle, party, bloc, association, bunch,
syndicate, out\n
t, coterie, clan. 5. \t
ding, chime, reverberation, knell, peal, tin-
tinnabulation, tinkle, toll, jingle.
broad band:
cigar band
central stone surrounded by smaller ones,
ring with:
cluster ring
engraved with loving verse, popular in
15th, 16th, 17th centuries:
posy ring
graduation from school, marking:
class ring
Z9241i_R.indd 499
5/25/10 12:27:09 PM
risqué
suggestive, racy, daring, dirty, improp-
er, ribald, o
-color, indecent, vulgar, bawdy,
*spicy, *blue, crude, provocative, lewd.
.
clean, G-rated.
rite
ceremony, ritual, exercise, observance,
solemn act, procedure, practice, custom,
formality, liturgy.
ritual
ceremony, rite, exercise, observance,
solemn act, procedure, practice, custom,
formality, tradition.
Sl.
elegant, luxurious, posh, sumptuous,
*classy, high-class, deluxe, *swank, *snazzy,
fancy.
. low-class, shabby, poor.
referring to riverbank area:
riparian
referring to rivers:
uvial
ridge of sand or silt:
bar
rotating current:
eddy
science of water in motion:
hydraulics
sediment le
in triangular mound at
mouth of:
delta
shallow area surrounded by deeper water:
shoal
shallow stream with ripples made by cob-
bles or rocks:
ri"
slow-moving deep water:
pool
standing wave among rapids:
*rooster, *hay-
stack
steep, narrow stretch of descending water:
chute
surrounding area contributing water:
tershed
tidal:
estuary
underground:
aquifer, groundwater
upwelling or mounding water current:
boil
waterfall:
cataract
winding section:
meander, bend
Z9241i_R.indd 500
5/25/10 12:27:09 PM
overhead crossover:
overpass
paving material:
macadam, cobblestone,
gravel, blacktop, asphalt
ringing a city:
beltway
shoulder:
berm
smoothing vehicle:
grader, steamroller
Spanish:
tra
c jam:
gridlock
zigzagging mountain road:
switchback
roam
wander, travel, wander aimlessly, ram-
ble, rove, range, meander, stray, dri
, gad
about.
roar
howl, bellow, yowl, growl, shriek, bay,
cry, yell, bawl, thunder, rumble, explosion,
Z9241i_R.indd 501
5/25/10 12:27:10 PM
jutting out of bedrock:
outcrop
layering of sedimentary rock:
strati\n
cation
layers of:
strata
layers or beds of:
strata
limestone topography full of sinkholes
and caverns:
karst
sheets, layered and transparent, character-
ized by:
space, from:
meteorite
spark producer when struck with steel:
int
study of:
petrology
turn into stone:
petrify
volcanic ash, made from compressed:
tu
volcanic 
oater:
pumice
volcanic fragments, containing:
pyroclastic
volcanic glass:
obsidian
volcanic origin, porous rock of:
scoria
volcanic rock:
igneous, pumice, obsidian,
basalt
windblown materials, rock that is polished
or shaped by:
ventifact
windblown sand, shaped by:
ventifact
rock
roll, pitch, swing, wobble, sway, seesaw,
Z9241i_R.indd 502
5/25/10 12:27:10 PM
roll
1. \f\t revolve, rotate, twirl, gyrate, cir-
cle, wheel, twist, spiral, reel, pivot, trundle.
2. \r\t reverberate, rumble, roar, re-
sound, resonate, boom. 3. \t coil, ball,
furl, twine.
rollicking
lively, frisky, playful, jolly, carefree,
mirthful, jovial, spirited, rip-roaring, romp-
ing, boisterous.
. subdued, sad, depressed.
roly-poly
plump, pudgy, dumpy.  \r
Roman
Latin, Italian.
ampitheater, large:
coliseum
hippodrome
assembly:
forum
commander:
centurion
commoner:
plebeian
ghter:
gladiator
garment:
toga, tunic
hall or court:
atrium
highway:
via, Appian Way
hospital:
walkway:
widows walk
window:
skylight, dormer
rookie
n. Sl.
fresh recruit, *greenhorn, *tender-
foot, beginner, newcomer, freshman, *frosh,
raw recruit, *Johnny-come-lately, *boot,
*snotnose.
room
1. \b\f\r\t\r chamber, cubicle, liv-
ing space, cell. 2. \f clearing, clearance,
expanse, play, elbowroom, opening, range,
leeway, latitude.
roomy
spacious, large, capacious, commodi-
ous, voluminous, extensive, sizable, broad,
wide, long, open.
. cramped, tiny, con-
ned.
roost
perch.  \t\r
root
1. \r\f\b\b\r rootstock, radix, tuber. 2.
\b basis, seat, germ, heart, soul, nub,
essence, nucleus, foundation, mainspring,
origin, fountain.
root
1.  \f unearth, forage, nose about,
out, uncover, pry out, grub. 2. 
support, back, boost, applaud, hail, *egg on.
roots
ancestry, lineage, background, heritage,
birthplace, genealogy, family tree.
rope
cord, cordage, line, strand, hemp rope,
cable, painter, hawser, lanyard, shroud, rat-
line, guy, bungee cord, lariat, lasso, bola,
tether, jump rope, hangmans noose.
roster
list, roll, inventory, register, index,
muster, schedule, agenda.
rostrum
platform, stage, dais, podium, pu
lpit,
lecturn, *stump, soapbox.
rosy
1. \f\t ruddy, reddish, blushing, bloom-
ing, glowing, 
ushed, roseate, rubicund,
sunburned, *apple-cheeked. 2. \b\f\r\r
encouraging, positive, promising, hopeful,
favorable, auspicious, bright, sunny.
. 1.
pale, sallow, wan, pallid, ashen. 2. pessimistic,
bleak, black, gloomy.
rot
1.  spoilage, putrefaction, putres-
Z9241i_R.indd 503
5/25/10 12:27:10 PM
rotten
1.  spoiled, putre\n
ed, pu-
trid, decomposed, *gone bad, rancid, sour,
tainted, foul, rank, stale, stinking, corroded.
2. \b nasty, corrupt, dishonest, evil,
disgraceful, vicious, unscrupulous, bad, de-
spicable, dirty, mean.
. 1. fresh, good. 2.
good, honest, nice.
rotund
1. \f\f stout, round, fat, obese,
big, spherical, roly-poly, corpulent, *tub-
by, pudgy, full-\n
gured, burly. 2. \b\t\b\b
full-toned, booming, stentorian, rich, res-
onant.
. 1. skinny, thin. 2. weak, unsup-
ported, thin.
roué
rake, debauchee, womanizer, *swinger,
*wolf, *skirt-chaser, pro
igate, playboy, Ca-
sanova, Don Juan, Lothario, philanderer.
rough
1.  bumpy, uneven, course,
jagged, scaly, craggy, lumpy, wrinkled, cor-
rugated, broken, shaggy, fuzzy, bristly. 2.
\b\t\r stormy, tempestuous, \n
erce, riot-
ous, ferocious, intense, wild, furious, bumpy,
rocky, choppy. 3.  coarse, unre\n
ned,
crude, impolite, uncouth, vulgar, boorish,
indelicate, bad-mannered, ungentleman-
ly, unladylike, gru
. 4. \t\t unre-
ned, raw, basic, crude, imperfect, unpro-
cessed, rough-hewn, inexact, preliminary. 5.
\f\f\b\r imprecise, inexact, *ballpark,
Z9241i_R.indd 504
5/25/10 12:27:11 PM
royalty
sovereignty, kingship, queenship, re-
gality, majesty, aristocracy, nobility, stateli-
rub
1.  rubdown, stroke, kneading,
Z9241i_R.indd 505
5/25/10 12:27:11 PM
disastrous, fatal, deadly, bankrupting.
.
prosperous, fruitful.
ruins
 \t
rule
1. \r\b\t law, statute, bylaw, ordi-
nance, guideline, practice, policy, code, or-
Z9241i_R.indd 506
5/25/10 12:27:11 PM
tle, quickness. 2. \t dash, charge, sprint,
storm, stampede, scramble, race.
. 1.
crawl, *snails pace, *glacial pace.
rush
1.  race, hustle, bustle, dash, make
rush - ruthless
5/25/10 12:27:11 PM
Sabbath
Saturday, Sunday, day of rest. 
attuning of the heart to the comprehension
of God.Ž„Moses Maimonides. A sponge to
wipe out all the sins of the week.Ž„Henry
Ward Beecher.  \b\t\n
sabbatical
leave, rest, vacation, holiday, break.
 \f\r\f\t\n
sabre
fencing weapon, cutlass, blade. 
\t
sable
ship, hero, god, goddess, protected interest,
protected institution, taboo object.
ering, concession, loss, relin-
quishment, surrendering.
give up, trade o
Z9241i_S.indd 508
5/25/10 12:27:14 PM
tor liked to torture his detractors.
\n. cruel,
domineering, bossy, strict, harsh, dictatori-
al, aggressive, commanding, disciplinary, se-
vere, nasty, dirty, perverse, *raunchy, sado-
masochistic.
. masochistic.
downheartedness, sorrow, depres-
sion, melancholy, misery, unhappiness,
cheerlessness, woeful
ness, gloom, despon-
dency, broken heart, heavy heart, *the blues.
. happiness, joy, euphoria, elation.
hunting expedition, hunt, journey, trek,
caravan, shoot, campaign.
safe
wise, intelligent, smart, savvy, learned,
astute, sagacious, sensible, judicious, sapient,
discerning.
. stupid, imbecilic, dense.
sail
ply the seas, cruise, ride the bounding
main, pilot, navigate, skipper, tack, 
oat,
dri
, shove o
, cast o
.  \t\f, \n\f ,
\f\t\f, 
change tack:
come about
close to the wind:
lu
ng, close-hauled
come about:
hard alee
crew member:
hand
dead calm area of sea:
doldrums
n used in place of keel:
centerboard, dag-
gerboard
lean of vessel while sailing:
heel
line  tting on deck:
chock
line  xture with prongs:
cleat
lines and wires:
rigging
line used to hoist sail:
lanyard
mast, a
mast, angle of:
rake
mast housing on deck:
tabernacle
mooring bow line:
painter, bowline
overhead:
alo
pennant, yacht club:
burgee
race:
regatta
rigging, mast:
forestay
roll up sail:
furl
rope stairway to alo
ratlines
sail, adjust angle of:
trim
sail, a
ermast, rigged fore-and-a
spanker
sail, forward, triangular:
foresail, jib
sail, large forward:
Genoa
sail, largest:
mainsail
sail, large, three-cornered:
spinnaker
sail, lower a:
strike, take in
sail, L-shaped:
blooper
sail, raise a:
hoist, set
sail, reduce main:
reef
sail set forward of mast, any:
headsail
sail, square, set abeam:
square-rigged
sail, triangular, fore-and-a
-rigged:
Bermu-
da-rigged, Marconi-rigged
sail used in weak winds:
dri
seat used for worker alo
bosuns chair
shallow water, sailing in:
gunkholing
sideways, moving:
crabbing, making leeway
spar, large vertical sail:
spar on bow to which headsail is attached:
bowsprit
sadness - sail
Z9241i_S.indd 509
5/25/10 12:27:15 PM
spar on which bottom of sail is attached:
boom
steers, crew member who:
tack downwind:
jibe
tack upwind:
beat
vessel, tri-hulled:
trimaran
vessel, twin-hulled:
catamaran
wind indicators made of yarn tied to
shrouds:
telltales
wind-protected side of vessel:
lee, leeward
wind, run before the:
scud
wind, sail with the:
run
wind, side of boat taking:
windward
wires that stabilize mast:
shrouds
world, sail around the:
circumnavigate
zigzagging course to counter wind:
tacking
sailboat
boat, vessel, cra
, pleasure cra
, yacht,
windjammer.  \t\f, \n\f , \f, 
TYPES
living quarters:
forecastle
one who brings bad luck:
Jonah
rebellion:
mutiny
song:
shanty, chantey
aye-aye
saint
holy person, Christian, angel, martyr. A
dead sinner, revised and edited.Ž„Ambrose
Bierce.
. sinner, devil, evil-doer.
 -
\b\t\n, \r\r, \b\t
declare a:
canonize
icon
patron saint of children:
Nicholas
patron saint of sailors:
Elmo
patron saint of the handicapped:
Giles
qualify one for sainthood:
beatify
study of:
hagiography
tomb:
shrine
worship:
hagiolatry
saintly
Christian, good, faithful, godly, pi-
ous, holy, angelic, spiritual, religious, devout,
moral, pure, righteous, virtuous.
. unho-
ly, immoral, sinful, wicked.
1. \f welfare, good, gain, interest,
advantage, regard. 2. \t reason, ob-
ject, end, goal, aim.
salacious
lustful, *horny, lecherous, libidi-
nous, lewd, prurient, obscene.
. chaste,
virginal, celibate, abstinent.
Z9241i_S.indd 510
5/25/10 12:27:15 PM
sally
1.  charge, attack, assault, blitz, for-
ay, sortie, raid, o
ensive, onslaught, thrust.
2. \r \f witticism, quip, *come-
back, banter, repartee, mot.
sally
rush out, charge, storm, raid, assault, at-
tack, blitz, drive.
salon
1. \t\r\f \t\t front room, recep-
tion area, saloon, drawing room, hall, living
room. 2. \f-\n\b \f\n
parlor, beauty shop, spa, hairdressers.
saloon
bar, pub, drinking establishment,
*beer joint, taproom, alehouse, beer garden,
tavern, *watering hole, *speakeasy, *honky-
tonk, *ginmill, grogshop, rathskeller.
salty
1. \f\n brackish, briny, heavily sea-
soned. 2. \f piquant, pungent, biting.
3. \f coarse, ribald, o
-color, risqué,
dirty, racy.
. 1. fresh, clean, potable. 2.
bland, mild. 3. decent, G-rated, proper.
salubrious
healthful, wholesome, salutary,
bene
cial, good for.
. unhealthy, harmful.
salutary
healthy, healthful, wholesome, sa-
lubrious, bene
cial, good for one.
. un-
healthy, harmful.
salutation
Z9241i_S.indd 511
5/25/10 12:27:15 PM
of mind, equilibrium, poise, grace under
pressure.
. anxiety, tenseness, hysteria.
sanguinary
1. \t\t bloodied, blood-
stained, gory. 2. \t\t murderous,
savage, predatory, homicidal, out for blood,
brutal, slaughterous.
SANGUINE
[SAN gwin] cheerful, upbeat,
optimistic. Also, reddish or ruddy, as a com-
plexion.
She appeared sanguine most of the
day.
\n. 1. cheerful, upbeat, optimistic,
buoyant, happy, positive, spirited, hopeful,
lighthearted, con
dent. 2. reddish, ruddy,
Z9241i_S.indd 512
5/25/10 12:27:16 PM
equal, match, comply. 3. \f convince,
persuade. 4.  discharge, make up for,
compensate, make restitution, clear, pay o
. 1. dissatisfy, discontent. 2. come up short,
*miss the mark.
satisfying
ful
lling, gratifying, pleasing, con-
tenting, delightful, rewarding, quenching,
satiating, *
lling the bill, *hitting the spot.
. unful
lling, lacking, unsatisfying.
saturate
soak, imbue, 
Z9241i_S.indd 513
5/25/10 12:27:16 PM
scale
climb, ascend, mount, clamber up.
.
descend.
scalp
cheat, rob, *rip o
scamp
rascal, mischief-maker, troublemak-
er, imp, rogue, scoundrel, scalawag, knave,
prankster, *little devil.
scamper
run, hurry, scurry, scramble, dash,
rush, sprint, dart, scuttle, scoot.
. saunter,
*mosey along, creep.
scan
look at, scrutinize, study, survey, exam-
ine, inspect, search, scour, peruse, check,
glance at, skim, * ip through, *thumb
through, browse, *give the once-over.
scandal
disgrace, shocker, sin, atrocity, trans-
gression, vice, outrage, wrongdoing, crime,
Z9241i_S.indd 514
5/25/10 12:27:16 PM
schlemiel
Sl.
loser, bungler, *schlimazel,
*Charlie Brown, *zero, dupe, victim, *sap,
*patsy, *stooge, *sucker, fool.
schlep
Sl.
drag oneself, drag, lug, carry.
schlock
Sl.
*crap, garbage, trash, *cheap stu
junk, *dreck.
scholar
learned person, educated person, in-
climate:
climatology
color:
chromatology
criminology
cycles, natural:
chronobiology
earth:
geology
earthquakes:
seismology
earths moving plates:
tectonics
energy and heat:
thermodynamics
energy and matter:
physics
epidemics:
epidemiology
ichthyology
uids:
hydraulics
fossils, animal:
paleontology
heredity and genes:
Z9241i_S.indd 515
5/25/10 12:27:17 PM
brilliant, glinting, glimmering, twinkling,
gleaming, shimmering, 
ashing. 2. 
clever, brilliant, e
ervescent, lively.
. dull,
lackluster.
scion
spring, descendant, child, heir, suc-
cessor, o
shoot, shoot.
sco
jeer, mock, ridicule, deride, snicker at,
laugh at, gibe, dismiss, belittle, *pooh-pooh,
discount, knock.
. respect, accept, praise.
scold
berate, rebuke, upbraid, reprimand,
reproach, *blast, *jump down ones throat,
nd fault, vituperate, *chew out, *give
hell, *take to task, castigate, *rake over the
Z9241i_S.indd 516
5/25/10 12:27:17 PM
screech
 \r\f
screen
1. \f\t\n divider, shield, covering,
ing, particular, fussy.
. unscrupulous, un-
principled, dishonest, sloppy.
SCRUTINIZE
[SKROOT uh NIZE] to look
at very closely.
She scrutinized the will for
her name.
\n. look at, examine, inspect,
study, pore over, *eyeball, peruse, explore,
probe, *scorch with ones eyes.
. overlook,
pass over, disregard.
scrutiny
inspection, close look, examination,
treatment, surveillance, study, probing, pe-
rusal, investigation, *eyeballing, search, ex-
ploration.
. quick glance, quick glimpse.
scuba diving
skin diving, snorkeling.
scu
 \r\f
scu
e
struggle, 
Z9241i_S.indd 517
5/25/10 12:27:17 PM
scuttlebutt
n. Sl.
rumor, gossip, word, grape-
vine news, talk.
sea
ocean, the deep, *briny deep, *bounding
main, *Davy Joness locker, high seas, surf,
rolling sea.  \f\r, \t\r\f\n
seafarer
seaman, mariner.  \f\t
seal
1. \f symbol, emblem, imprint, im-
pression, logo, authentication, insignia, im-
primatur. 2. \f\n\n\b adhesive, sealant.
seal
1. \f\n secure, shut tight, lock in, wa-
terproof, make airtight, plug. 2.  as-
Z9241i_S.indd 518
5/25/10 12:27:17 PM
Z9241i_S.indd 519
5/25/10 12:27:18 PM
mangy, bedraggled, poor.
. luxurious,
well-kept, groomed, sparkling.
seek
1. \t\t \t search for, hunt, *look high
and low, cast about for, quest, * sh for, *sni
Z9241i_S.indd 520
5/25/10 12:27:18 PM
self-reliant
independent, *standing on ones
Z9241i_S.indd 521
5/25/10 12:27:18 PM
sensibility
ability to feel, sensitivity, sentience,
responsiveness, receptivity, perception, per-
ceptiveness.
sensible
smart, intelligent, judicious, prudent,
rational, logical, sober, sound, levelheaded,
realistic, sane, reasonable, down-to-earth.
. senseless, nonsensical, stupid.
sensitive
1. \t\n\f responsive,
acute, keen, receptive, reactive, conscious,
Z9241i_S.indd 522
5/25/10 12:27:19 PM
turbed, still, composed. 2. \r\f unclouded,
bright, fair, sunny.
. 1. wild, violent, agi-
tated. 2. stormy, cloudy.
serenity
peace, peacefulness, tranquility, pla-
Z9241i_S.indd 523
5/25/10 12:27:19 PM
the coop, leave. 5. agitate, stress, *put on edge.
6. stir up, unsettle.
settlement
1. \r\t\n colony, village,
outpost, peopling. 2. \f\b\n arrange-
ment, resolution, compromise, negotia-
tion, arbitration, disposition. 3. \f\n \t
 satisfaction, clearance, liquidation.
settler
colonist, homesteader, frontiersman,
pioneer, squatter, *sooner.
settlings
dregs, sediment, lees.
set-to
ght, 
st
ght, struggle.  \b
setup
arrangement, con
guration, structure,
system, organization, format, plan.
set up
1. \r\t\n\r erect, raise, build, put
abstinence:
celibacy
anal or oral sex on a male:
sodomy
Z9241i_S.indd 524
5/25/10 12:27:19 PM
overpowering behavior for pleasure, giv-
ing in to anothers:
submission
overpowering behavior that brings plea-
dominance
own sex, physically attracted to ones:
mosexual; lesbian; gay
opposite sex, attracted only to:
Z9241i_S.indd 525
5/25/10 12:27:20 PM
Z9241i_S.indd 526
5/25/10 12:27:20 PM
*on the ball, bright, smart, alert.
. dull,
slow, stupid, bovine.
shatter
1. \f burst, explode, smash, crack,
blast, break into a million pieces, fracture,
split, pop, implode. 2. \t wreck, dev-
astate, crush, demolish, ruin, *break ones
heart.
shave
cut, scrape, graze, trim, shear, crop, clip,
mow.
shawl
wrap, covering, manta.
sheaf
Z9241i_S.indd 527
5/25/10 12:27:20 PM
1. \f glimmer, shine, gleam,
glow, scintillate, glisten, glint, sparkle, glitter.
2. \f  ripple, shudder, sway.
*wingding, entertainment, dance.
 \f
brightness, radiance, luster, brilliance,
glimmer, sheen, gloss, polish, glow.
.
dullness, 
lm, patina, tarnish.
1. \b radiate, glare, blaze, gleam, lu-
minesce, glow, glimmer, 
ash, illuminate,
icker, glint, sparkle, scintillate. 2. \t
burnish, 
nish, rub, bu
, brighten.
. 2.
dull, tarnish.
shiny
bright, brilliant, gleaming, glinting,
glistening, glossy, polished, lustrous, spar-
kling, scintillating.
. dull, tarnished.
vessel, cra
, watercra
, boat, *tub,
*stormslogger, liner, cruise ship, freighter,
ferry, transport. Being in jail with a chance
of being drowned.Ž„Samuel Johnson. 
\t\f, \n\f , \f, \f\t
accommodations:
rst-class, cabin class, tour-
ist class
ammunition compartment:
anchor:
bower, kedge, sea anchor, stream
anchor chain winder, unwinder:
capstan,
windlass
anchoring and securing of vessel:
mooring
anchor rope:
hawser
bed:
berth
boarding platform:
gangplank
body:
hull
bottom 
n or backbone:
keel
bottom, rounded portion of:
bilges
cabin, small:
cuddy
captain:
skipper
cargo and debris lost from wrecked ship:
Z9241i_S.indd 528
5/25/10 12:27:20 PM
vibrations of bow over waves:
panting
waiter:
cabin boy
wall, compartment:
bulkhead
shock
surprise, stagger, stupefy, traumatize,
jolt, start, electrify, *shake up, *hit like a ton
of bricks, *
oor, stun, paralyze, *take ones
breath away, astound, daze, horrify, *
ab-
bergast.
shocking
surprising, staggering, stupefying,
traumatizing, jolting, startling, electrify-
ing, *hitting like a ton of bricks, unexpected,
ooring, paralyzing, breathtaking, astound-
ing, horrifying, revolting, appalling, disgust-
ing, outrageous.
. expected, anticipated,
met with indi\t
erence.
shoddy
inferior, poor, second-rate, second-
class, bad, *crappy, cheap, *tacky, *cheesy,
*junky, shabby.
. superior, 
rst-rate, *top-
drawer.
shoe
footwear, footgear, loafer, pump, sneak-
er, running shoe.  \t\t
backless, womans:
mule
back of shoe:
cu
ballet slipper:
toe shoe
boat shoes made of canvas and nonskid
soles:
deck shoes
bottom of:
sole
brown and white oxford:
saddle shoe
childs:
Mary Jane
Chinese, 
at-heeled:
Chinese
ap:
tongue
fringe-tongued shoe with low heel:
kiltie 
high, ankle-supporting sneakers:
*high-tops,
Z9241i_S.indd 529
5/25/10 12:27:21 PM
Z9241i_S.indd 530
5/25/10 12:27:21 PM
push, drive, thrust, elbow, jostle, shoul-
der, press, nudge.
push, drive, thrust, elbow, jostle, *bull-
doze, shoulder, strongarm, muscle, *bull,
press, propel, move, nudge.
spade, scoop, implement, *digger,
posthole digger, dredge.
dig, excavate, spade, scoop.
1. \n\f\n\n exhibition, extrav-
aganza, stage production, spectacle, expo-
sition, program, parade, play, theatrical
performance, burlesque, musical, revue,
movie, drama, comedy, circus. 2. \t\n-
\f\t\n manifestation, exhibition, dis-
play, presentation. 3. \n act, facade,
front, a
ectation, pose, semblance, *Oscar
performance.
1. " demonstrate, display, pres-
ent, reveal, expose, unveil, evince, produce,
bare, trot out for inspection. 2. \f\f be
visible, manifest. 3. "\f\n instruct, dem-
onstrate, simplify, de
ne, *walk through,
*run through, clarify. 4. \b conduct, di-
rect, usher, point out.
. 1. hide, conceal. 2.
cover up. 3. mystify, confuse.
show business
Hollywood, theater, entertain-
ment industry, motion picture industry.
showdown
clash, confrontation, climax, face-
, turning point, *moment of truth, duel.
rainfall, downpour, cloudburst, driz-
2. \f cunning, wily, cagey, sly, cra
y,
scheming.
. 1. stupid, dense, ignorant,
naive. 2. artless, innocent, naive.
shriek
scream, screech, cry, piercing cry,
squeal, yell, shout, wail, shrill, howl.
shriek
scream, screech, cry, squeal, yell, shout,
wail, howl.
shrill
high-toned, high-pitched, piercing, ear-
piercing, ear-shattering, thin, sharp, intense,
piping, deaf
ening, blaring.
Z9241i_S.indd 531
5/25/10 12:27:21 PM
e
1. " jumble, disorder, shi
, inter-
change, disarrange, displace, mess up. 2.
Z9241i_S.indd 532
5/25/10 12:27:22 PM
sight
1. \b vision, visual perception,
eyes. 2. \f\n\b \t \t\n eyeshot, view, fo-
cus. 3. \r\f\r scene, vision, show, curi-
osity, picture. 4.  fright, horror, mon-
strosity, spectacle.
sign
1. \n\r\f\t\n mark, clue, hint, intima-
tion, suggestion, trace, *dead giveaway, evi-
dence, earmark, signal, symptom, manifes-
tation, beacon, spoor, trail, herald, omen,
harbinger, portent, foreshadowing. 2. \t-
 \n\t\f\t\n signpost, notice, pointer,
marker, guidepost, warning, caution, bill-
board, placard.
sign
endorse, write ones name, inscribe, auto-
graph, authorize.
signal
sign, indication, alert, indicator, cue,
*go-ahead, *thumbs-up, gesture, nod, notice,
are, 
ag, siren, beacon, foghorn, sema-
phore.
signal
indicate, alert, cue, *give the go-ahead,
*give a thumbs-up, gesture, nod, warn, shoot
a 
are, 
ag, semaphore.
signature
autograph, name, inscription,
*John Hancock, hand, X, endorsement, au-
thorization, OK, identi
cation.
signi
cance
1. \t\f\n\r consequence,
weight, consideration, matter, meaning,
value, gravity, moment, import, interest. 2.
\f\n\n\b intent, point, sense, implication,
idea, dri
. 1. insigni
cance, frivolity,
unimportance.
signi
cant
1. \t\f\n consequential,
weighty, considerable, meaningful, valuable,
momentous, major, vital, critical, crucial. 2.
\f\n\n\b indicative, suggestive, telling,
expressive, symbolic.
. 1. insigni
cant,
unimportant, trivial. 2. meaningless.
signify
mean, denote, represent, indicate,
stand for, suggest, imply, express, communi-
cate, symbolize, connote.
sign language
signing, 
ngerspelling, ASL,
nonverbal communication.
silence
5/25/10 12:27:22 PM
simpleminded
unsophisticated, stupid, dense,
dull, dumb, moronic, slow, bovine, ignorant,
witless, *clueless, brainless.
. sophisticat-
ed, smart, *savvy.
simpleton
ly, shameful, disgraceful, low.
. virtuous,
moral, upright.
*belt out a song, carry a tune, carol,
croon, serenade, warble, hum, trill, pipe, cry
out, yodel, bellow, sing in a booming voice.
 \r, \t\f, \n\b, \t\n\b, \t\r
singing with a falsely high voice:
Z9241i_S.indd 534
5/25/10 12:27:22 PM
taste, *slurp, sample, *take a swig, *take a
hit, sup, siphon, suck through a straw.
seignor, monsieur, sahib, my lord.
1. \t \f#. 2. \f genitor.
sizzle
hiss, fry, splutter, sputter, crackle, 
zzle.
skate
slide, glide, glissade, roller-skate, roller-
blade, ice skate, 
gure skate.
FIGURE SKATING
rink
free dance
gure of three circles:
serpentine
gure of two circles:
gure eight
ying spin:
Arabian
ying spin ending in back camel:
ying
camel
glide with one skate pointing forward, the
other back:
spread eagle
jump and splitting apart of legs:
split, stag
jump of one and a half revolutions:
axel
jump of one revolution:
Lutz
jump of three and a half revolutions:
ple axel
jump of two and a half revolutions:
dou-
ble axel
jump split and touching of toes:
Russian
split
jump started o
a back inside edge and
ended on opposite foot:
Salchow
machine that resurfaces ice:
Zamboni
moves executed to the sound of music:
freestyle, free skating
pair move in which man li
s woman over-
head with her legs split:
hydrant li
pair move in which woman is revolved
with head held near ice:
death spiral
propelling oneself over the ice:
stroking
spin in an arabesque position:
camel
spin with one leg held high overhead:
Biel-
mann spin
turn forward to back:
choctaw
skateboard
board mounted on small wheels
and ridden on 
Z9241i_S.indd 535
5/25/10 12:27:23 PM
jump trick made by kicking tail of board:
ollie
kicking or 
ipping the board into the air
with toe:
kick
long skateboard made for cruising as op-
posed to tricks:
longboard
platform of skateboard:
deck
pushing with the front foot instead of back:
mongo-foot
ramp:
bank
ramp park, skateboarding area:
skatepark
ramp, U-shaped:
half pipe
rotation, half, mid-air:
rotation, full, mid-air:
rotation while riding fakie (backwards),
midair, 360-degree:
caballerial
scrape axles on a curb or railing, purpose-
ly:
grind
sliding along a rail or ledge:
boardslide,
railslide
stance with right foot forward on board:
goofy-foot
skedaddle
Sl.
run away, scoot, leave, *beat
hipbone:
coxae, pelvis, sacrum, coccyx
jawbone, lower:
jawbone, upper:
kneecap:
patella
leg, knee to ankle, outer:
bula
leg, knee to ankle:
tibia
shoulder blade:
scapula
skull:
cranium
spinal column:
vertebrae
tailbone:
coccyx
thighbone:
femur
upper body framework:
ribs
vertebrae of neck, 
atlas
wrist bones, collectively:
carpal
skeptic
doubter, cynic, doubting 
omas,
nonbeliever, sco
er, naysayer, questioner,
Z9241i_S.indd 536
5/25/10 12:27:23 PM
bump or hump of snow:
bumpy or humpy snow 
eld:
cross-country:
langlauf, Nordic skiing, ram-
bling
form le
in snow from fallen skier:
sitz-
mark
freestyle dance:
skimpy
scanty, short, not enough, barely
enough, lacking, inadequate, meager, insuf-
cient, slight, spare, *measly.
. adequate,
cient, generous, ample.
skin
epidermis, dermis, derma, cuticle, hide,
pelt, membrane, *natures shrinkwrap, coat,
membrane, sheath, husk, bark, rind, cover-
ing, shell, hull.
skin
peel, decorticate, excorticate, 
ay, husk,
shell, shuck, shed, slough, strip, pare, scalp,
trim.
skin-deep
super
cial, shallow, surface, empty,
external.
. deep, profound.
skin-diving
scuba diving, snorkeling.
ow apparatus:
regulator
ascend slowly, stop, ascend:
decompress
breathing tube for shallow swimming:
snorkel
dangerous narcotic e
ect of deep water
diving:
nitrogen narcosis, *rapture of
the deep
decompression sickness:
bends
diver:
frogman, aquanaut, scuba diver, pearl
diver
line tied between two divers to keep them
Z9241i_S.indd 537
5/25/10 12:27:23 PM
skipper
captain, master, mariner, pilot, sea-
man, o
cer.  \t\f, 
skirmish
ght, 
are-up, encounter, battle, en-
gagement, con
ict, tussle, brush with the en-
emy, scrimmage, clash, *run-in, fray, heated
exchange.
skirmish
ght, encounter, battle, engage, con-
ict, tussle, scrimmage, clash, combat, have
a run-in, have a heated exchange.
skirt
1. \t margin, verge, fringe, edge,
world.Ž„Willa Cather. 
at beautiful old
parchment in which the sun and the moon
keep their diary.Ž„Alfred Kreymborg. Earths
Z9241i_S.indd 538
5/25/10 12:27:23 PM
laxed, not taut, sagging, drooping, limp, lax,
accid. 3. \r\f lazy, negligent, remiss,
sloppy, slipshod, *asleep on the job, lax,
lackadaisical, nonchalant, indi
erent, in-
dolent, uncaring.
. 1. fast, fast-moving,
busy, *hopping. 2. tight, taut. 3. careful, me-
ticulous, exacting.
shirker, idler, loafer, malingerer, *goof-
, *goldbricker, *deadbeat, clock watcher,
truant.
quench, hydrate, satisfy, sate, satiate, re-
lieve, gratify, allay, extinguish, alleviate, ap-
pease, assuage.
. aggravate, increase, ex-
acerbate.
slam
1. \t \n\t bang, boom, crash,
wham, crack, clap, burst, impact, collision. 2.
\r\r *dig, *pan, brickbat, disapproval,
bad press, *swipe.
slam
1.  bang, close hard, heave, ram,
push, crash, smack, dash, clobber, bat, ham-
mer, *bodyslam. 2. \r\r *dig, *pan,
*take a swipe at, shoot down, *blast, attack,
*rake over the coals.
. 1. open. 2. compli-
ment, praise, laud.
SLANDER
[SLAN dur] damaging, untrue
statements made publicly.
Celebrities have
a harder time proving slander because they
are public 
gures.
\n. lies, untruths, smear,
mudslinging, defamation, denigration, mis-
representation, aspersion, false statement, li-
bel, calumny. 
e revenge of a coward.Ž„
Samuel Johnson.
. praise, commendation,
compliment.
slander
lie, misrepresent, smear, mudsling,
defame, denigrate, cast aspersions, make
a false statement, libel, malign, *drag ones
name through the mud, slur, tarnish ones
name.
. praise, commend, honor.
slang
colloquialism, jargon, argot, lingo,
vernacular, vocabulary, *slanguage, pid-
slanting
inclined, sloping, tilting, leaning,
canting, oblique, diagonal, askew, at an an-
gle.
. straight, level.
slap
1. \r blow, smack, hit, hand across the
face, *slap upside the head, swat, bu
Z9241i_S.indd 539
5/25/10 12:27:24 PM
free from:
emancipate, manumit
fugitive slave:
maroon
grogginess caused by sleeping too long:
Rip Van Winkle syndrome
hypnotized:
trance
inability to:
insomnia
inducing sleep:
sopori
c, somniferous, som-
nolent
internal body clock controlling:
circadian
rhythm
presleep visions:
hypnagogic hallucinations
sex demons of:
incubus, succubus
sleeping sickness:
narcolepsy, encephalitis
sleepwalk:
somnoambulate
sleepwalker:
somnoambulist
twitch of body or leg just before sleep:
myoclonic jerk, hypnagogic jerk
unconsciousness, prolonged:
coma
sleep
slumber, snooze, drowse, *catch some
Z9241i_S.indd 540
5/25/10 12:27:24 PM
slick
1.  smooth, glossy, satiny, slippery,
oily, greasy. 2. \r  tricky, cra
y, smart,
sophisticated, ingenious, creative, inventive,
sharp. 3. \f  urbane, smooth, worldly.
.
1. rough, coarse, abrasive. 2. moronic, imbecil-
ic, stupid. 3. clumsy, bumbling, unre
ned.
slide
1. \r ramp, trough. 2. \b slip,
coast, glissade, skid.
slide
glide, slip, coast, glissade, skid, sled, ski,
skate, skim, drop, toboggan.
slight
snub, insult, *cold shoulder, *slap in
the face, *cut, rebu
, *put-down, indi
er-
ence, neglect.
. courtesy, notice, kindness.
slight
snub, insult, *give the cold shoulder,
*give a slap in the face, *cut, rebu
, put down,
neglect, overlook.
. regard, notice, honor.
slight
1. \b frail, fragile, delicate, spare,
slim, gracile, 
imsy, attenuated, tenuous,
weak. 2. \n\b\n\r\f\n small, little, tiny,
light, minute,  ne, minor, subtle, trivial,
negligible.
. 1. heavy, sturdy, rock-solid. 2.
huge, gigantic, large, considerable.
1. \n thin, narrow, lean, skinny,
willowy, reedy, twiggy, *thin as a broomstick,
svelte, slight, tenuous. 2. \f\b slight,
scanty, small, *skimpy, inconsiderable, bare,
cient, scarce, remote.
. 1. fat, obese,
brawny. 2. large, considerable, great.
mucous, mud, ooze, muck, mire, scum,
sludge, *gunk, *goo.
slimy
covered with mucous, viscid, viscous,
muddy, mucky, scummy, sludgy, *gunky,
*gooey, disgusting, repulsive, foul, vile, *gross.
sling
slingshot, thong, weapon, stone-thrower.
sling
throw, 
ing, hurl, cast, pitch, shoot,
heave, catapult, chuck, toss, 
re, launch.
slingshot
 \n\b
slink
skulk, sneak, creep, steal, lurk, pussy-
Z9241i_S.indd 541
5/25/10 12:27:24 PM
slouch
hunch, slump, droop, stoop, bend.
.
stand tall.
slough
swamp, bog, marsh, backwater, mud-
dy hollow, mire.  \f
slough
shed, molt, discard, throw o
, cast o
Z9241i_S.indd 542
5/25/10 12:27:25 PM
smart
1. \n\b\n bright, brilliant, sharp,
knowledgeable, educated, *savvy, astute,
*brainy, learned, clever, genius, wise, keen,
witty, *on the ball. 2. \n\f spruce, trim,
groomed, stylish, chic, dapper, natty, elegant,
dashing. 3. \n\b\n\b harsh, painful, rough,
hard, sharp. 4.  vigorous, lively, ener-
getic.
. 1. stupid, dumb, retarded, moron-
ic, slow, dense. 2. sloppy, bedraggled, unfash-
ionable, frumpy. 3. so
, gentle, mild. 4. le-
thargic, slow.
smart-aleck
*wise guy, *wisenheimer, *smart
ass, *comedian, *bigmouth, *know-it-all,
*wise apple.
smart-alecky
*wise, *smart-assed, *smart-
mouthed, cheeky, 
ip, sassy, impudent, cocky,
nervy.
1. \r\t\t\n crash, wreck, shattering,
breakup, burst, smashup, crack, blow, col-
lapse. 2. \r\r winner, hit, sensation, sell-
out.
shatter, break, hit, bust, burst, wreck,
crack, splinter, pulverize, disintegrate, break
into a million pieces, fracture, demolish.
smashing
great, excellent, extraordinary, out-
standing, superb, wonderful, terri
c, splen-
did, exceptional, *spot-on.
. lousy, awful,
terrible.
smashup
wreck, collision, accident, *fender-
bender.  \r\f
smattering
small amount, slight amount,
sprinkling, touch, dash, trace.
smear
1. \f\n spot, smudge, blot, mark,
splotch, smirch, streak. 2. \f\n defama-
tion, mudslinging, denigration, slur, asper-
sion, character assassination, blot, stain, li-
bel.
. 2. honor, praise, compliment.
smear
1. \f\n spot, smudge, blot, mark,
splotch, smirch, streak, dirty, daub, wipe
on. 2. \f\n defame, mudsling, deni-
grate, cast aspersions, character assassinate,
blot, stain, libel, drag ones name through
the mud.
. 1. clean, wash, scrub. 2. honor,
praise, commend.
SMEAR CAMPAIGN
an underhanded cam-
paign to ruin someones reputation.
e pol-
iticians launched smear campaigns against
each other.
\n. mudslinging, character as-
sassination, slander, public denigration, def-
amation of character, maligning, *dragging
ones name through the mud.
smell
1. \n \t  olfaction, percep-
tion. 2. \t\t scent, aroma, fragrance, stink,
smell
Z9241i_S.indd 543
5/25/10 12:27:25 PM
re
ned, practiced, facile, 
attering, oily,
unctuous.
. 1. rough, bumpy, lumpy. 2.
troubled, rough, disturbing. 3. coarse, awk-
ward, simple, bumbling.
smorgasbord
smorgasbord - snip
Z9241i_S.indd 544
5/25/10 12:27:25 PM
cut, clip, shear, crop, trim, dock, bob,
prune, chop, shave.
snipe
ambush, take potshots, shoot, hunt, attack.
sniper
ambusher, gunman, assassin, shooter.
snippet
cutting, snip, piece, scrap, fragment.
curt, sharp, insolent, short, snappish,
abrupt, impertinent, smart-alecky, brusque.
. polite, courteous.
t, pique, *tizzy.
snitch
Sl.
1. \f pilfer, li
glacial snow:
névé
granules, old, refrozen:
corn snow
house of:
igloo
old, compacted snow:
rn, crust
snip - snowy
Z9241i_S.indd 545
5/25/10 12:27:26 PM
slight, a
ront, *cold shoulder, *slap in
the face, rebu
, cut, oversight, neglect, ig-
noring, insult.
slight, give the cold shoulder, rebu
, cut,
overlook, ignore, neglect, insult, shun, *give
the brush-o
, pass over, o
end.
1.  \t smother, pinch out, douse,
extinguish. 2. \n smell, snort.
e
, breathe, snort, snivel.
snug
1. \t\r sheltered, under cover, se-
cure, warm, cozy, comfortable. 2. \b close,
body-hugging, close-
tting, restrictive.
snuggle
cuddle, nestle, nuzzle, hug, curl up,
*spoon together, hold close.
so
adv.
therefore, thus, hence, ergo.
soak
sob story
tale of woe, heartbreaker, plea.
so-called
professed, alleged, supposed, self-
styled, commonly named.
. actual, proven.
soccer
football, sport.
curving pass:
banana pass, banana kick,
curling the ball, bending the ball
dirty player:
hacker
goalies long kick:
punt
illegal position:
issue a card for a foul:
book, card, caution
keep the ball in midair by bouncing o
body parts:
juggling
kick ball between defenders legs:
nutmeg
kick with legs upended high overhead:
bi-
cycle kick, scissors kick
linesmen, referee
out-of-bounds sidelines:
touch
pass then receive quick return pass:
give-
and-go
penalty situation in which one team is a
man short:
power play
positions:
back, center back, center hal$
ack,
forward, fullback, goalkeeper (goalie),
hal$
ack, sweeper, winger
run the ball down
Z9241i_S.indd 546
5/25/10 12:27:26 PM
age insurance, entitlement program. 
\b\t \n\n
Z9241i_S.indd 547
5/25/10 12:27:26 PM
fodder, *storm trooper, *doughboy, dra
ee, enlisted man, enlisted woman, guerril-
la, paratrooper, POW, MIA. Food for pow-
er.Ž„Shakespeare. 
e sinews of war.Ž„
Niccolo Machiavelli.  \f, \n\f , \f
2. \t booster, party member, worker,
follower, zealot.
sole
lone, single, solitary, alone, only, exclu-
sive.
. several.
solely
adv.
only, merely, entirely, singly.
SOLEMN
[SAWL um] serious, earnest, dig-
ed, formal.
e funeral was a solemn af-
fair.
\n. serious, earnest, digni
ed, formal,
somber, sober, funereal, *no-nonsense, staid,
grave, unsmiling, ceremonious, reverential,
sacred.
. jovial, frivolous, lighthearted.
solicit
1. \f \t plead for, beg, appeal, peti-
tion, implore, beseech, supplicate. 2. \t\t-
\t\n tempt, entice, accost, hustle, *drum
up business, tout, hawk, peddle.
SOLICITOUS
[suh LIS uh tus] concerned,
worried, showing ones concern.
e may-
or appeared solicitous about our problems.
\n. concerned, worried, caring, attentive,
troubled, apprehensive, disturbed, anxious,
heedful.
. unconcerned, untroubled, un-
disturbed.
solicitor
attorney, counselor.  \f
solicitude
concern, care, worry, regard, un-
easiness.
solid
1. \f dense, 
rm, heavy, thick, rock-
solid, compact, concentrated. 2. \t\n\b
sound, sturdy, stable, substantial, massive,
y. 3. \r\t unbroken, continuous,
undivided. 4. \b\n\n pure, unalloyed, un-
Z9241i_S.indd 548
5/25/10 12:27:26 PM
somnolent
sleepy, drowsy, dozy, nodding o
half-asleep, *dopey, sleep-inducing.
.
wide-awake, alert.
song
tune, melody, ditty, ballad, serenade, lul-
laby, hymn, carol, number, *oldie, *golden
oldie, *moldy oldie, hit, air, aria, glee, theme
song, signature song, *cut, track. 
e li-
censed medium for bawling in public things
too silly or sacred to be uttered in ordinary
speech.Ž„Oliver Herford.  \r, \t-
\f, \n\b, \n\b
advertising:
jingle
award:
Grammy
Z9241i_S.indd 549
5/25/10 12:27:27 PM
sorcery
black magic, black art, magic, su-
pernatural powers, witchcra
, necroman-
cy, wizardry, mysticism, Satanism, voodoo,
spellbinding, diabolism, conjuring, alchemy.
sordid
dirty, 
Z9241i_S.indd 550
5/25/10 12:27:27 PM
soupçon
suspicion, trace, suggestion, hint,
dash, drop, pinch.
sour
turn one against, *turn o
, disillusion,
embitter, disenchant.
sour
1. \f acid, vinegary, sharp, *mouth-
puckering, bitter, fermented, bad, rank,
spoiled, curdled, rancid, repulsive, unpal-
atable. 2.  cross, bad-tempered, ir-
ritable, testy, touchy, nasty, crabby, ill-hu-
mored, grouchy, morose.
. 1. sweet, sug-
ary, saccharine, fresh. 2. sweet, good-na-
tured, nice.
source
1. \n\b wellspring, fount, fountain,
origin, beginning, start, dawn, root, founda-
tion, provenance, derivation. 2. \n\r
authority, author, documentation, database,
*horses mouth, informant.
sourpuss
n. Sl.
*crab, grouch, *bellyacher, *pick-
lepuss.
souse
pickle, steep, soak, saturate, brine, mar-
inate, immerse, dunk, plunge, submerge.
soused
Sl.
intoxicated, inebriated.  \n
souvenir
memento, keepsake, relic, reminder,
remembrance, memorial, token, trophy.
sovereign
monarch, ruler, king, queen,
crowned head, prince, autocrat, emperor,
empress, czar, overlord, dictator.
SOVEREIGN
[SAWV run] the greatest, su-
preme, ruling. Also, independent from the
rule of others.
We studied the evolution of a
sovereign state.
\n. greatest, supreme, rank-
ing, leading, preeminent, chief, ruling, dom-
inant, kingly, queenly, royal, regal, monar-
chal, imperial, autonomous, independent,
self-governing.
. dependent, powerless,
following, subject.
sovereignty
supremacy, independent power,
authority, domination, dominance, domin-
ion, preeminence, rule, jurisdiction. Some
power or other from which there is no ap-
peal.Ž„Samuel Johnson.
sow
plant, scatter, seed, broadcast, strew, dis-
perse, spread, imbed, drill.
spa
resort, health facility, therapeutic facility,
health club, bath, tub.
space
1. \n  outer space, cosmos, in-
distant, bright, mysterious object:
quasar
Milky Way
gas cloud, massive:
nebula
measurement, unit of:
light year, parsec,
astronomical unit
outer space begins here, just beyond solar
system:
termination shock
stars, mass grouping of:
spacecra
Z9241i_S.indd 551
5/25/10 12:27:27 PM
propellants that ignite on contact with one
another:
hypergolic propellants
radio signal from earth to spacecra
uplink
radio signal from spacecra
to earth:
downlink
spacey - speak
Z9241i_S.indd 552
5/25/10 12:27:28 PM
speaker
talker, lecturer, orator, speechmaker,
spokeswoman, spokesman, keynoter, spell-
binder.
spear
lance, javelin, dart, bolt, sha
, harpoon,
pike, trident, leister
spear
pierce, stab, stick, run through, impale,
lance, puncture, harpoon.
SPEARHEAD
[SPEER hed] to start, pioneer,
or lead.
He spearheaded the environmental
movement.
\n. start, pioneer, lead, *blaze
speck
bit, spot, 
eck, particle, grain, drop,
iota, mite, jot, dot, atom, molecule, crumb.
spectacle
sight, curiosity, display, exhibi-
tion, show, scene, *eyeful, sensation, marvel,
wonder, pageant, exposition, extravaganza,
performance, parade.
spectacles
specs, lenses.  \b\f
spectacular
striking, sensational, breathtak-
ing, extraordinary, exceptional, staggering,
*eye-popping, stunning, impressive, dazzling,
grand, wonderful, magni
cent, awesome,
marvelous, glorious.
. mediocre, dull,
boring, *nothing to write home about.
spectator
onlooker, watcher, observer, viewer,
witness, passerby, bystander, *rubbernecker.
specter
ghost, spirit, apparition, *spook,
phantom, phantasm, bogey, poltergeist,
wraith, shadow.
spectral
ghostly, phantom, phantasmal, eerie.
speculate
1. \n \f\t meditate, pon-
der, re
ect, deliberate, contemplate, cogitate,
weigh, ruminate, muse, *chew over, delib-
erate, *turn over in ones mind, mull over. 2.
 invest, venture, *toss the dice, buy stocks,
speaker - speech
Z9241i_S.indd 553
5/25/10 12:27:28 PM
art of word usage:
Z9241i_S.indd 554
5/25/10 12:27:28 PM
spicy
1. \f \t pungent, *zippy, tangy,
sharp, hot, zesty, seasoned, savory, lively, pi-
quant, biting, aromatic, fragrant. 2. %
racy, bawdy, suggestive, o
-color, *raunchy,
obscene, titillating.
. 1. bland, blah, dull,
tasteless. 2. G-rated, clean, wholesome.
spider
arachnid, *daddy longlegs, black wid-
ow, tarantula, wolf spider, violin spider, trap-
door spider.
web-spinning appendage:
spicy - spittoon
Z9241i_S.indd 555
5/25/10 12:27:29 PM
splash
Z9241i_S.indd 556
5/25/10 12:27:29 PM
spook
ghost, specter, apparition, spirit, pol-
tergeist, phantom, phantasm.
spooky
ghostly, spectral, supernatural, eerie,
weird, scary, unnerving, frightening, creepy.
spool
bobbin, reel, cylinder.
spoon
eating utensil, implement, silverware,
ladle, scoop.
spoon-feed
pamper, coddle, mollycoddle,
baby, indulge, overindulge.  \t
spoor
trail, track, footprints, markings, drop-
pings.
sporadic
irregular, on and o
, infrequent, in-
termittent, spotty, random, occasional, pe-
riodic, erratic, 
tful, scattered.
. regular,
steady, constant.
sport(s)
1. \f\r recreation, pastime,
Z9241i_S.indd 557
5/25/10 12:27:29 PM
disperse, sprinkle. 4. \n\f broad-
Z9241i_S.indd 558
5/25/10 12:27:30 PM
agent who does not spy but works to con-
fuse enemy:
confusion agent
coded communication, science of:
cryptol-
ogy
code form, put information into:
encrypt,
encipher
concealed microphone:
*bug, listening device
decode:
decrypt, decipher
decoding encrypted messages:
cryptanalysis
expose as a spy:
*blow ones cover, *burn
group:
ltrator of enemy intelligence agency:
mole, double agent
Z9241i_S.indd 559
5/25/10 12:27:30 PM
put up a fuss, protest, object, *cry foul, yell,
fume, gripe.
squeak
cry, peep, cheep, whine, mew, squeal,
creak, screech.
squeak
cry, peep, cheep, whine, mew, squeal,
creak, screech.
squeal
1. \r scream, whine, shriek, howl,
wail, screech, yelp, squeak. 2.
Sl.
*rat on, turn in, *drop a dime on, *snitch, tell,
tattle, *sell down the river, *blow the whistle
on, betray.
squeamish
oversensitive, dainty, delicate,
queasy, qualmish, prudish, prim, easily of-
fended, easily shocked, *having a weak
stomach.
. tough, *having a cast-iron
stomach, thick-skinned.
squeeze
embrace, hug, clasp, *clinch, grip,
compression.
squeeze
1.  compress, squash, squish,
crush, contract, tighten, constrict, wring.
2. \b embrace, *bear hug, enfold, take in
ones arms, clasp, *clinch. 3. \r\f crowd,
jam, pack, wedge, ram. 4. "\t extract,
wrest, blackmail.
squelch
squash, suppress, silence, crush, put
down, quash, extinguish, kill, smother,
shoot down, sti
e, defeat.
. help, boost,
strengthen.
squib
recracker.  \t
squint
focus intently, peer at with half-closed
eyes, look at narrowly, peer, peep, *screw up
ones eyes, skew.
squire
ty, reliability.
. instability, shakiness, un-
steadiness.
stabilize
steady, secure, 
rm, equalize, bal-
ance, strengthen, root, 
x, ground, fortify,
Z9241i_S.indd 560
5/25/10 12:27:30 PM
section of road comprised of several stag-
drive
trunk:
boot
grip, callboy.  \t 
1. \t reel, sway, stumble, wob-
ble, careen, weave, bob, lurch, falter, pitch.
2. \t\r bowl over, stun, *hit like a ton
of bricks, take ones breath away, astonish,
overwhelm, *blow away, jolt, take aback.
staggering
stunning, shocking, awesome,
overwhelming, astonishing, mind-blowing,
mind-boggling, amazing.
stagnant
unmoving, still, standing, station-
ary, dormant, inert, dead, foul, stinking,
stale, putrid, polluted, dirty.
. fast-mov-
ing, \n
owing, fresh, clean.
stagnate
stand, idle, stop, be motionless, lie
*old hat, stock, shopworn, dead, banal, vapid,
insipid.
. 1. fresh, tasty. 2. fresh, original,
new, imaginative.
STALEMATE
[STAYL mate] a deadlock
or draw.
e negotiations ended in a disap-
pointing stalemate.
\n. deadlock, gridlock,
standstill, *Catch 22, impasse, stop, stando
check, draw, tie.
stalk
hunt, pursue, sneak up on, follow, tail,
trail stealthily, creep up on, shadow, track
down, terrorize.
stall
1. \r\t\f\n booth, stable, pen,
shelter, cubicle, cell, cubby hole, stand, ki-
osk, enclosure, room, chamber. 2. \f\n\b
\f\r\r evasion, *footdragging, *stonewall-
ing, ruse, subterfuge, ploy.
stall
Z9241i_S.indd 561
5/25/10 12:27:31 PM
stamping ground
stomping ground, haunt,
hangout.
stamp out
extinguish, snu
out, crush, put
out, squelch, stop, kill.
stance
position, posture, standpoint, view-
point, attitude, stand.
stanchion
support, beam, post, upright, brace.
1. \f\n\r defense, counter, repul-
sion, opposition. 2. \t\t\n stance, view,
viewpoint, standpoint, attitude, belief, point
of view, policy. 3. \f\t stage, dais, po-
dium, rostrum, pu
lpit, lectern, witness box.
4. \b\f\n\f\n bleachers, seats. 5. \t
booth, stall, counter. 6. \f holder, rack,
shelf, cradle.
stand pat
resist, resist change, stay put, *stick
to ones guns, *stand ones ground, hold out,
*die hard.
standpoint
point of view, P.O.V., position,
perspective, viewpoint, stance, outlook, be-
lief, opinion, attitude.
standstill
stop, halt, impasse, *dead end, ces-
sation, deadlock, gridlock, *jam-up, *bottle-
neck, arrest, stalemate, draw.
. progress,
movement.
Z9241i_S.indd 562
5/25/10 12:27:31 PM
galactic-like superobject at ends of uni-
verse:
quasar
galaxy, nearby:
Andromeda
group of stars forming a distinctive con-
guration:
constellation
group of stars in which earth is located:
Milky Way galaxy
group of stars or island universe:
galaxy,
globular cluster
hazy group too distant to be seen with na-
ked eye:
stardust
mapping of:
uranography
motion unrelated to earths rotation:
prop-
er motion
referring to:
stellar, astral
shooting star:
 \t
tiny star with immense mass:
white dwarf
twinkling of:
scintillation
X-ray emitting:
pulsar
headline, be featured, lead.
leading, prominent, outstanding, stand-
out, celebrated, main, famous, renowned, il-
lustrious.
. unknown, secondary.
starch
1. \n formality, rigidity, prud-
ishness, decorum, ma
nners, primness, pro-
starry-eyed
unrealistic, impractical, roman-
tic, optimistic, dreaming.
. pragmatic,
down-to-earth, realistic.
start
1. \b\n\n\n\b commencement, opening,
Z9241i_S.indd 563
5/25/10 12:27:31 PM
Hawaii:
Aloha State
Idaho:
Gem State
Illinois:
Prairie State
Indiana:
Hoosier State
Iowa:
Hawkeye State
Kansas:
Sun
ower State
Kentucky:
Bluegrass State
Louisiana:
Pelican State, Creole State
Maine:
Pine Tree State
Maryland:
Old Line State
Z9241i_S.indd 564
5/25/10 12:27:31 PM
der, stature, grade, rating, prestige, distinc-
tion, eminence.
STATUS QUO
the present state of a
airs.
ey werent interested in progress but in the
preservation of the status quo.
\n. present
state of a
airs, current situation, existing
condition, state, present reality, norm.
statute
regulation, law, rule, ordinance, legis-
lation, edict, act, bill.  \t\r, \f
staunch
stanch, stop, close o
, seal, lessen.
STAUNCH
[STAWNCH] strong, steadfast,
loyal.
Her father was a staunch Republican.
\n. strong, rock-solid, 
rm, steadfast, un-
wavering, resolute, faithful, tried-and-true,
inching, devoted, stalwart, reliable, con-
stant, red-blooded, dyed-in-the-wool.
.
weak, uncommitted, irresolute, unfaithful.
stave o
ward o
, hold o , fend o
, avoid, re-
pel, block.
stay
1. \t stopover, holiday, visit, sojourn.
2. \t\t\n\n delay, suspension, defer-
ment, reprieve.
stay
1. \t halt, freeze, remain, wait, abide,
pause. 2.  stop over, sojourn, lodge, live,
dwell, reside. 3. \r\t\n\n endure, last, per-
sist, abide.
staying power
endurance.  \f\n\f
STEADFAST
[STED fast] constant, 
xed,
resolute.
He remained steadfast until the end.
\n. constant, 
xed, 
rm, resolute, resolved,
steady, dedicated, devoted, loyal, faithful,
settled, 
rm, persevering, stalwart.
. ir-
resolute, unfaithful, wavering.
steady
stabilize, secure, 
rm, balance.
steady
xed, stable, rock-solid, bal-
anced, secure, anchored. 2. \r\t\n\f\n un-
changing, unwavering, continuous, inces-
sant, unceasing, unremitting, nonstop, end-
Z9241i_S.indd 565
5/25/10 12:27:32 PM
steppe
plain, grassland, savanna, wasteland.
stereo
binaural, stereophonic.
. mono.
STEREOTYPE
[STER ee oh tipe] a 
xed idea,
impression, or characterization that ignores
individuality, a habitual but o
en inaccu-
rate characterization.
Her misconception was
based on a stereotype
. \n. preconceived no-
tion, type, faulty characterization, classi
tion, convention, mold, average, stock char-
acter, cliché.
. individual.
stereotype
characterize, *paint with a broad
brush, *tar with a broad brush, pigeonhole,
typecast, generalize, brand, label, prejudge,
categorize.
sterile
1. \n\t\r  barren, fruitless,
childless, infertile, infecund, impotent, fal-
low, unproli
c. 2. \b- antiseptic,
disinfected, pure, sanitary, aseptic, clean. 3.
 bland, uninteresting, lifeless, unstimu-
lating.
. 1. productive, fruitful, fecund. 2.
infected, unsanitary. 3. interesting, lively.
sterilize
1. \n\r purify, cleanse, decon-
taminate, sanitize, autoclave, fumigate, kill
germs. 2. \b castrate, emasculate, spay,
x, alter, neuter.
. 1. infect, contaminate.
sterling
excellent, superb, A-1, 
rst-rate, high-
quality, superior, supreme, choice, select, the
best, superlative, meritorious.
. poor, in-
ferior, second-rate.
stern
, rear, back.
stern
1. \f severe, strict, authoritarian,
tough, rigid, harsh, frowning, hard-nosed,
critical, demanding, dour, ironhanded, so-
ber, grim, austere. 2. \t\n\b grim,
black, dour, grave, cold, icy, frowning, hard,
steely, stony.
. 1. so
, easygoing, permis-
sive. 2. friendly, warm.
stevedore
loader, lumper, longshoreman,
dockworker.
stew
soup, mishmash, goulash, mélange,
hodgepodge, ragout, burgoo, chowder, beef
stew, salmagundi, *mulligan stew.
stew
Z9241i_S.indd 566
5/25/10 12:27:32 PM
STIGMATIZE
[STIG muh tize] to brand with
Z9241i_S.indd 567
5/25/10 12:27:32 PM
shares, security, mutual fund.  \t\r
\f 5. \f \f\f, \f\n \n\b-
\n makings, *
xings, essence, broth, foun-
dation.
stock
supply, provision, 
ll, provide, equip,
stockpile, furnish, lay in.
stock
common, in ready supply, in stock, *o
the shelf, *run-of-the-mill, plain, *garden
Z9241i_S.indd 568
5/25/10 12:27:33 PM
takeover, one who attempts a company:
raid-
er, shark
unstable:
volatile
stockpile
supply, reserve, hoard, store, amass-
ment, nest egg, larder, cache, stash.
stockpile
stock, hoard, store, reserve, amass,
cache, stash, squirrel away, save, lay in.
.
expend, spend, deplete.
stocky
stomp
stamp, tramp, crush, squash, kill.
stone
rock, boulder, pebble, granite, cobble-
stone, gravel, crag, jewel, gemstone, gem,
precious stone, semiprecious gem, *ice,
birthstone, bijou, diamond, emerald, sap-
stockpile - stoop
Z9241i_S.indd 569
5/25/10 12:27:33 PM
stoop
1. \n \t  bow, crook, crouch, lean
forward, tilt, slouch, slump, nod. 2. \t
\t\n degrade oneself, sink, condescend,
deign, demean oneself, resort.
stop
1. \f cessation, termination, suspen-
\r\t, \f\n, \r\f\t\n, \n\t, \n 2.
\t\f controversy, outburst, disturbance,
brouhaha, furor, eruption, hubbub, attack,
hysteria, outcry, squall.
fair weather spot in center of storm:
eye of
the storm
line between clashing air masses:
front
raising of shoreline water during storm:
storm surge
sandstorm of North Africa, India, Middle
East:
Haboob
whirlwind over water that sucks up funnel
of water:
waterspout
storm
1. \f\n blow, squall, rage, pour, thun-
der, boom, thunder and lightning, snow. 2.
\r\f\b attack, assault, rush, blitz, blitz-
krieg, assail, invade, besiege. 3. \f\b blow
up, lose ones temper, rant and rave, fume,
*throw a 
t, roar, bellow, *go on the rampage,
*go ballistic.
stormy
turbulent, wild, tempestuous, violent,
rough, windy, squally, blustery, howling,
pouring, raining, snowy, inclement.
.
calm, becalmed, balmy, mild.
story
1. \n\f\f  account, tale, chronicle,
myth, legend, fable, yarn, fairy tale, short
story, parable, allegory, folktale, saga, epic,
drama, comedy, tragedy, romance, histo-
Z9241i_S.indd 570
5/25/10 12:27:33 PM
stove
range, oven, microwave, toaster oven,
heater, wood stove, furnace.
stow
pack, store away, put away, load, stash,
deposit, save, stockpile, cram, wedge, stu
straddle
1.  sit astride, split. 2. \f
\t  \t \f\n  straddle the fence,
hedge, wa!
e, *talk out of both sides of ones
mouth.
. 2. be committed.
strafe
5/25/10 12:27:34 PM
straw vote
poll, opinion poll, uno
cial vote.
stray
wanderer, rover, waif, orphan, vaga-
Z9241i_S.indd 572
5/25/10 12:27:34 PM
 walkout, protest, wage dispute, shut-
down, lockout, sit-in, hunger strike. A labor
pain.Ž„Leonard Levinson.
strike
1.  deliver a blow, punch, pound,
smack, knock, clobber, box, cu
, whack,
pommel, crack, rap, slap, slug, thump, wal-
lop, clout, smite. 2. \f\f\r assault, launch
an o
ensive, bomb, raid, charge, invade,
storm. 3.  crash, smash into, collide
with. 4. \r\t  
nd, unearth, uncover,
encounter. 5. \t go on strike, dispute
ones labor contract, walk out, shut down,
Z9241i_S.indd 573
5/25/10 12:27:34 PM
struggle
1. \f\n exert, labor, toil, put in
great e
ort, strive, work, *break ones back,
*bust ones hump, *work like a dog, sweat,
*plug away, *
ght an uphill battle. 2. \r\t\n-
\r contend, 
ght, battle, 
ght a tug of
war, war, combat, vie, grapple, tussle, wres-
tle, wrangle.
. 1. hardly break a sweat,
*breeze through, *coast through. 2. harmonize,
reach accord, make peace, unite.
strum
thrum, stroke, pluck, pick.
strumpet
harlot, whore, hussy, slut, tramp,
trollop, *lady of the evening, *call girl,
struggle - stunned
Z9241i_S.indd 574
5/25/10 12:27:35 PM
overwhelmed, astonished.
. composed,
unru
ed.
stunning
1. \n\b shocking, paralyz-
ing, staggering, overwhelming, mind-blow-
ing, astonishing, incredible, jolting. 2. \f-
 attractive, lovely, dazzling, gorgeous,
ravishing, striking.
. 1. *ho-hum, *blah,
boring. 2. plain, homely.
stunt
feat, trick, *daredevilry, act, exploit,
performance.
stunt
check, dwarf, hinder, impede, restrain,
shorten, slow, arrest, restrict.
stuntman
daredevil, double, stunt double,
acrobat.
stunted
dwarf, dwarfed, pygmy, undersized,
runty, short, miniature, stubby.
. over-
sized, giant, towering.
stupe
ed
stunned, dazed, *out of it, stag-
gered, knocked out, struck dumb, *stupid,
benumbed, *
oored, shocked, paralyzed,
*seeing stars, astounde
d, amazed, astonished.
. placid, composed, *collected.
stupefy
stun, daze, stagger, knock out, numb,
oor, shock, paralyze, astound, amaze, as-
tonish.
stupendous
great, gigantic, huge, prodigious,
gargantuan, colossal, vast, titanic, immense,
monstrous, massive, overwhelming, aston-
ishing, breathtaking, spectacular, stagger-
ing, mind-boggling.
. tiny, puny, modest,
trivial, ordinary.
stupid
1. \n\t \n\b\n dumb, dull, wit-
less, retarded, intellectually challenged,
thick, dense, ignorant, moronic, brainless,
mindless, dim-witted, imbecilic, bonehead-
ed, *dense as a post, *chowderheaded, *dead
from the neck up, *down a quart, *bird-
brained, *pea-brained, *three bricks shy of a
load. 2. \f\t\n\f foolish, silly, brainless,
idiotic, nonsensical, senseless, unwise, ridic-
ulous, poorly conceived, *half-baked.
. 1.
brilliant, bright, smart, intelligent. 2. rational,
thoughtful, wise.
stupidity
dumbness, witlessness, mental re-
tardation, thickness, denseness, ignorance,
brainlessness, mindlessness, dim-witted-
ness, imbecility, low IQ, idiocy, simple-
mindedness. Unconscious ignorance.Ž„
Josh Billings. Not so much brain as ear-
wax.Ž„Shakespeare.
stupor
shock, paralysis, numbness, stupe-
faction, insensibility, daze, bewilderment,
stunning - subject
Z9241i_S.indd 575
5/25/10 12:27:35 PM
subject
1. \t\n  answerable, governed,
controlled, subordinate, owing, under, sub-
missive, dependent, servile. 2. \f prone
to, apt to.
. 1. ruling, dominating, control-
SUBJECTIVE
[sub JEK tiv] personal, as felt
or seen through the eyes of one individu-
al, not objective.
It was a subjective opinion,
based only on personal observances.
\n. per-
sonal, individual, biased, prejudiced, nonob-
jective, emotional, idiosyncratic, introspec-
tive.
. objective, impersonal, impartial.
SUBJUGATE
[SUB juh GATE] to control
or bring under ones power.
He felt it was a
mans responsibility to subjugate women.
conquer, control, dominate, boss, lord over,
rule, yoke, subject, keep down, *keep under
ones thumb, enslave.
SUBLIMATE
[SUB luh MATE] to re
ne or
put into a socially acceptable form, as chan-
neling ones anger or animal urges into con-
submarine-like observation vessel:
bathy-
scaphe, submersible
water tanks that control submerging:
last tanks
submerge
sink, submerse, plunge, immerse,
dip, dunk, descend, go down, dive, swamp,
drown.
submersible
 \f\n
submission
1. \n capitulation, sub-
mitting, compliance, giving in, *caving in,
yielding, acquiescence, deference, subor-
dination, subjugation, obedience, complai-
sance. 2. \f\n\r mailing in, handing
. 1. domination, resistance, rebellion.
submissive
nonresistant, nonresisting, yield-
ing, docile, meek, tame, *broken, prostrate,
compliant, obeisant, deferential, passive,
servile, subservient, *bootlicking, *brown-
nosing.
. dominant, ruling, resistant, re-
bellious.
submit
1. \n capitulate, comply, give
in, *cave in, yield, acquiesce, defer, *knuck-
le under, abide by, relinquish, *say uncle. 2.
\n o
er, suggest, propose, put forth,
remit, hand in, mail in.
. 1. dominate,
rule, resist, disobey. 2. rescind, renege.
subordinate
inferior, junior, underling, sec-
ond, attendant, servant, slave, dependent,
subaltern, *
unky, *second 
ddle, *low man
on the totem pole.
. superior, senior, boss.
subordinate
subject, dominate, *keep under
ones thumb, control, *boss around, order
around, *keep down, reduce.
. empow-
er, raise.
SUBORDINATE
Z9241i_S.indd 576
5/25/10 12:27:35 PM
subscription
purchase agreement, sales en-
rollment.
subsequent
following, succeeding, later, lat-
ter, ensuing, future, resultant, next.
. pre-
vious, preceding, prior.
subsequently
adv.
later, a
erward.
SUBSERVIENT
[sub SERV ee unt] submis-
sive and compliant, servile, subordinate.
e misogynist divorced his wife because she
wasnt subservient enough.
\n. submissive,
compliant, servile, subordinate, obsequious,
deferential, fawning, sycophantic, groveling,
cringing, *brownnosing, *bootlicking.
.
dominant, dominating, ruling, controlling, re-
bellious, disobedient.
subside
sink, fall, lessen, abate, wane, ebb, de-
cline, level o
underground, below ground,
1. \n\t \t \t slight, delicate, faint,
v.
Z9241i_S.indd 577
5/25/10 12:27:36 PM
Z9241i_S.indd 578
5/25/10 12:27:36 PM
ering
pain, misery, agony, torture, tor-
ment, ache, distress, grief, depression, heart-
ache, despair, anguish, ordeal, hell, discom-
fort, burden, *cross to bear. A cleansing 
re
that clears away triviality and restlessness.Ž„
Louis E. Bisch. A test of faith.Ž„J. Messner.
. comfort, pleasure, peace.
ce
serve, do, satisfy, be enough, be ade-
quate, be su
cient, answer, *
ll the bill, *do
the trick.
cient
adequate, enough, plenty, satisfac-
tory, ample, commensurate, passable, ac-
ceptable, tolerable, okay, all right.
. insuf-
cient, inadequate, unsatisfactory, short.
ocate
smother, choke, sti
e, cut o
ones
air, strangle, throttle, asphyxiate, burke, gar-
rote, kill, silence.
rage
right to vote, the vote, voice, fran-
chise.  \r\t\n
use
overspread, spread, bathe, in
ltrate,
permeate, pervade, 
ll, saturate, imbrue.
sugar
wise, reckless.
. 1. cautious, joyful. 2.
careful, safe.
suicide
self-destruction, self-murder, self-im-
molation. 
e severest form of self-criti-
cism.Ž„Leonard Levinson.
agreement by two or more:
suicide pact
Japanese dive-bombing in World War II:
kamikaze
Japanese ritual of disembowelment:
hara-
kiri, seppuku
one who commits:
felo-de-se
1.  group, series, ensemble. 2. \f-
 case, litigation, trial, court action. 3.
 \t \r\t \t\n \t\b out
Z9241i_S.indd 579
5/25/10 12:27:36 PM
*drag through the mud.
. cleanse, shine,
honor.
sultry
1. \t steamy, muggy, humid, swelter-
ing, torrid, baking, tropical, sizzling, *roast-
ing, su
ocating, oppressive, 
ery. 2. \f-
\t\n\f hot, in
amed, lustful, amorous,
*horny, ardent, torrid, erotic, seductive.
.
1. cold, freezing, chilling. 2. turned-o\t
, frigid,
cold.
1. \f\t\n money, cash, quantity. 2. \t-
last bead of setting sun  ashing out in
brilliant green:
green 
massless particles produced by:
neutrinos
mock optical illusion:
parhelion, sundog,
mock sun
obscuring of by moon:
solar eclipse
orbit:
ecliptic
outer atmosphere of:
chromosphere, corona
plants movement following:
heliotaxis
plant that bends to follow sun:
heliotrope
referring to:
helio, solar
sunlight therapy:
heliotherapy
sunspot cycle of eleven years:
solar cycle
sunspots dark, inner region:
umbra
photosphere
tongue of 
ame and gas, huge:
solar 
are,
solar prominence
variable intensity, sun with:
variable star
worship:
heliolatry
sunburned
burned, red, *red as a cooked
Z9241i_S.indd 580
5/25/10 12:27:37 PM
sunlight, sunbeams, rays, radi-
ance, brilliance, daylight. Gold embroidery
on the grass.Ž„Paul Horgan. A shower of
gold.Ž„Silvia Tennenbaum.
super
excellent, superb, outstanding, extraor-
dinary, great, terri
c, sensational, 
ne, out
of this world, *superhuman, superior.
.
terrible, awful, lousy, inferior.
superabundance
overabundance, surplus,
Z9241i_S.indd 581
5/25/10 12:27:37 PM
superstitious
fearful, naive, irrational, delud-
ed, apprehensive, obsessed.
supervise
oversee, manage, direct, superin-
tend, look a
er, head, administer, run things,
*call the shots, *call the plays, quarterback,
command, boss, control, guide, regulate.
supervision
management, control, direction,
superintendence, running, administration,
guidance, leadership, regulation.
supervisor
boss, overseer, manager, direc-
tor, superintendent, head, administrator,
quarterback, commander, guide, regulator,
*whip, *CEO, chief, foreman.
supine
1. \n\b \t\n 
at on ones back,
prone, recumbent, horizontal, laid out. 2.
\b\b listless, inacti
ve, lifeless, inert,
Z9241i_S.indd 582
5/25/10 12:27:37 PM
supremacy
dominance, preeminence, pri-
macy, superiority, transcendence, predomi-
nance, rule, authority, mastery, sovereignty.
supreme
greatest, superior, preeminent,
dominant, leading, transcendent, highest,
ultimate, paramount, crowning, predomi-
nant, 
rst, superlative, 
nest, excellent, ut-
most, top, ranking, peerless, ruling, chief,
sovereign, *eclipsing all others, *overshad-
owing all others, *standing head and shoul-
ders above all others.
. worst, lowest,
poorest.
surcharge
fee, overcharge, sum, surtax, addi-
tional charge, amount over and above.
1. \r\f\n de
nite, assured, doubtless,
unquestionable, 
front of board:
nose
giant wave:
bomb
hang toes over front of board while rid-
ing:
hang 
ve, hang ten
inside hollow of wave:
barrel, tube
kite, pulled along by kite:
kiteboarding,
kitesur
leap o
board just before wiping out:
bail
leave a wave by riding up over the top:
kick
le
leg forward, riding with:
natural-foot-
new surfer with poor skills:
barney, jake
ride under a breaking wave:
*shoot the
tube, *shoot the curl
riding across a wave instead of toward
shore:
angling
riding on front of board:
nose ride
riding with ones back toward shore:
fore-
hand
riding with ones back toward wave:
back-
hand
right leg forward, riding with:
goofy-footed
sharp turn:
cutback
shorts:
baggies, jams
show o
*hotdog
sudden rise of swell as it enters shallow
water:
jacking
surf without a board:
body surf
tether:
leash
wave twice and three times the surfers
height:
double overhead, triple over-
head
wave, steepest part of:
pocket
weak, low waves, describing:
mushy
wipeout caused by front of board dipping
into the water:
pearl
wipeout in which surfer is driven into the
sea
oor, severe:
over the falls
exterior, outside, top, skin, shell, fa-
cade, face, crust, veneer, 
1. \t\t level, plane, even, pave,
nish. 2. \f emerge, break the surface,
ascend. 3. \r\t \n\t\n materialize,
come up, come to light.
SURFEIT
[SUR 
t] an excessive amount,
fullness, overindulgence.
e baker made a
surfeit of cookies for the party.
\r surplus, overabundance, superabun-
dance, too much, glut, over
ow, 
ood, in-
Z9241i_S.indd 583
5/25/10 12:27:38 PM
\f fullness, satiation, overindulgence,
sickness, nausea, disgust, discomfort.
.
1. dearth, shortage, lack. 2. hunger, craving,
emptiness.
surfeit
overindulge, *stu
oneself, over
ll,
gorge, satiate, glut, *pig out, overdo, cloy,
overeat.
1.  wave, billow, 
ood, torrent,
rush, heave, sweep, mass, storm surge, gush,
rising tide. 2. \n\r\f escalation, skyrock-
Z9241i_S.indd 584
5/25/10 12:27:38 PM
surround
envelop, encircle, enclose, encom-
pass, circumscribe, ring, bound, hem in,
fence in, con
ne, blockade.
surroundings
surround - swagger
Z9241i_S.indd 585
5/25/10 12:27:38 PM
vaunt, *blow ones own horn, stride pomp-
ously.
. cringe, skulk.
swaggerer
strutter, *cock of the walk, blus-
terer, *blowhard, peacock, braggart, showo
*grandstander, pompous ass, swashbuckler.
lover, suitor, gallant, beau, boyfriend,
Z9241i_S.indd 586
5/25/10 12:27:38 PM
taste.Ž„Cyril Connolly.
. polite word, eu-
phemism.
swear o
give up, abjure, renounce, forswear,
forego, quit, *turn ones back on.
sweat
Z9241i_S.indd 587
5/25/10 12:27:39 PM
swi
1. \f quick, rapid, speedy, hasty, 
Z9241i_S.indd 588
5/25/10 12:27:39 PM
sworn
pledged, promised, bound.
. avail-
able.
SYCOPHANT
[SIK uh funt] one who 
at-
ters and kisses up to others to gain their fa-
vor.
e boss had a retinue of sycophants and
yes-men.
\n. toady, 
atterer, *brownnose,
*bootlicker, yes-man, fawner, groveler, *
ky, *apple-polisher, parasite.
syllabus
summary, outline, synopsis, abstract,
brief, condensation, digest, abridgement,
epitome.
sylvan
woodland, wooded, woody, forested,
arboreal.
. urban.
SYMBIOTIC
[sim bee AW tik] referring to a
relationship that is mutually bene
cial.
Bees
and \n
owers enjoy a symbiotic relationship.
\n. mutually bene
cial, mutually advanta-
geous, give and take, commensalistic.
.
parasitic, harmful.
symbol
Z9241i_S.indd 589
5/25/10 12:27:39 PM
SYNONYMOUS
[si NAWN uh mus] having
a similar meaning.
Cat is synonymous with
feline.
\n. similar, same, equivalent, paral-
lel, comparable, corresponding, like, alike,
interchangeable.
. antonymous, opposite.
synopsis
summary, abridgement, outline,
5/25/10 12:27:40 PM
tab
1.  strip, tongue, tag, projection, loop,
ring. 2.  check, cost, expenses, tally, ac-
count, record, reckoning, score.
tabernacle
1. \b\t \n \n\f\r temple,
shrine, sanctuary. 2. \t dwelling.
table
1. \f\f\t board, counter, sideboard,
stand, dining room table, drop-leaf table,
co
ee table, end table, parsons table, bu
Z9241i_T.indd 591
5/25/10 12:27:42 PM
tactless
rude, blunt, insensitive, inconsider-
Z9241i_T.indd 592
5/25/10 12:27:42 PM
cat out of the bag, divulge, disclose, *sing,
reveal.
talkative
loquacious, garrulous, voluble, *mo-
tor-mouthed, *long-winded, chatty, *having
the gi
of gab, *gabby, rambling, verbose,
*bigmouthed.
. taciturn, quiet, reserved,
uncommunicative, *clammed up.
talker
*chatterbox, *motormouth, *windbag,
*bigmouth, *magpie, gossip, mouthpiece,
spokesman, spokeswoman.
talk show
chat show, program. \r\t\t \t\t-
\r\n
tall
1. \n \t\f high, big, of great stature,
lo
y, sky-scraping, sky-high, soaring, ele-
vated. 2. \t"\t\f\t unbelievable, far-
Z9241i_T.indd 593
5/25/10 12:27:43 PM
Z9241i_T.indd 594
5/25/10 12:27:43 PM
Z9241i_T.indd 595
5/25/10 12:27:43 PM
adolescence, last molars that erupt:
wisdom
teeth
alerting click signaling another call:
call
waiting
automatic dialing:
auto redial, speed dialing
beeper:
pager
buzz:
dial tone
conference held with speakerphones, closed
circuit television:
teleconference
connecting phone lines, apparatus for:
switchboard
digits of phone number, 
rst three:
pre
eavesdrop electronically on anothers phone
tap
hand instrument:
handset
line kept open and accessible without dial-
ing:
hot line
long-distance service for companies:
WATS
(Wide Area Telecommunications Service)
loudspeaker, phone with:
speakerphone
message system:
voice mail
number identi
cation system:
caller I.D.
Z9241i_T.indd 596
5/25/10 12:27:44 PM
broadcast on radio and TV at same time:
simulcast
brought to you byŽ opening of show:
open-
ing billboard
camera crane for moving, outdoor shots:
cherry picker
camera crane operator:
crane grip
camera dolly, one who pushes:
dolly grip
camera elevating device:
riser
camera shot, moving:
crab shot, dolly shot,
truck shot
card with performers lines on it:
cue card,
idiot card, 
ip card
Columbia Broadcasting System
color test strip:
color bar, colorburst
commercials, group of:
credits at end of show, moving:
crawl
directing and engineering room:
control
room
distribution of TV shows to subscriber
stations:
syndication
distributor of TV shows:
syndicate
8 P.M. to 11 P.M.:
prime time
electrician head in studio:
ga
goofs made by actors or crew edited out of
tape:
bloopers, outtakes
hand or assistant in studio:
grip, hammer,
Z9241i_T.indd 597
5/25/10 12:27:44 PM
trailer with dressing rooms for shooting
on location:
honey wagon
Z9241i_T.indd 598
5/25/10 12:27:44 PM
template
pattern, guide, outline, prototype,
gauge.
temple
place of worship, house of worship,
church, cathedral, synagogue, holy place,
shrine, sanctuary, pagoda. \r\t\t \b\f\b, \f\t-
tempo
speed, rate, pace, measure, velocity,
tenant
renter, leaseholder, lessee, occupant,
lodger, roomer, resident.
tend
1. \t \b\f\t \n care for, mind, minister
to, attend, cater to, look a
er, wait on, man-
age, assist, aid. 2. \b\t be apt, be liable,
lean, be likely, have a tendency, be disposed.
tendency
inclination, disposition, leaning,
bent, propensity, proclivity, proneness, pen-
chant, predisposition, course, dri
tender
1. \n\t\f pro
er, proposition, presen-
tation. 2. \b\f\t\t\f sitter, watcher, main-
tenance man.
tender
er, pro
er, present, proposition, put
forth, submit, advance, give.
tender
1. \r\n delicate, fragile, frail, weak,
feeble. 2. \t\t mild, light, so , easy. 3.
\n immature, young, unseasoned,
unhardened, so
Z9241i_T.indd 599
5/25/10 12:27:44 PM
championships held in England:
Wimble-
don
winning point:
game point
winning point in a set:
Z9241i_T.indd 600
5/25/10 12:27:45 PM
term
1. \t\f\n \n \t duration, time, span,
timespan, cycle, session, semester, quarter,
Z9241i_T.indd 601
5/25/10 12:27:45 PM
tested
tried, proven.
. unproven, unknown.
testicles
testes, sex glands, gonads.
testify
1. \f\n\t \t\r\n bear witness,
give evidence, attest, a
rm, vouch for, cor-
roborate, swear to, declare, verify, uphold,
support, substantiate. 2. \t \t\t\b\t \n
prove, show, indicate, be a testament to, pro-
vide testimony for, demonstrate.
. 2. dis-
prove, contradict.
testimonial
commendation, recommenda-
tion, *plug, tribute, compliment, a
davit,
endorsement, certi
thaw
1. \t liquefy, so
en, warm, defrost,
dissolve. 2. \n\n\r\t  warm, relax.
. 1.
freeze, harden, solidify. 2. become sti
and
formal, cool.
theater
1. \n\r\t opera house, auditori-
um, ampitheater, theater in the round, boards,
odeum, dinner theater, hall, arena, movie
house, cinema, drive-in. 2. \r\t \t\f\n\f-
\b\t dramatic arts, drama, show business,
the stage. An escape from reality.Ž„George
Nathan. A tradition of villains and heroes.Ž„
George Bernard Shaw. A window open on
the life of our fellow creatures.Ž„Mario Frat-
ti. \r\t\t \n\t, \t\t\r\n
above stage, walk or platform for lights:
actors emergency 
ll-in:
understudy
advertisement at front of theater:
marquee
ernoon show:
matinee
alcove in center of stage where prompter
hides from audience:
prompt box
allegorical drama illustrating Christian
teaching:
morality play
Z9241i_T.indd 602
5/25/10 12:27:45 PM
dress rehearsal before an audience:
audi-
ence dress
emotions are exaggerated, play in which:
melodrama
exaggerated acting or overacting:
histrionics
explosion or 
ash, device that creates:
ashpot
falling in love with theater:
stagestruck
nancier, backer:
hit show:
bo
horrifying, macabre, or gruesome drama:
Grand Guignol
Japanese, all-male:
Kabuki
large-scale act or musical number:
pro-
duction number
lights:
footlights, limelight, *ace, *ashcan,
baby spot, bon-bon, 
ood, house lights,
*keg light, klieg light, pin spot
list of characters:
dramatis personae
grease paint, pancake makeup
mark the stage to direct actors where to
block
musicals, theater that specializes in:
lyric
theater
unsuccessful play:
op, *bomb, *turkey, *dog
Z9241i_T.indd 603
5/25/10 12:27:46 PM
therapy
treatment, regimen, regime, remedy,
healing, curative, homeopathy, rehabilita-
tion, *rehab, physical therapy, speech ther-
apy, group therapy.
thereabouts
adv.
near, about, around, approxi-
mately, roughly.
therea
adv.
erwards, a
er, later, subse-
quently, thenceforth, following.
therefore
adv.
consequently, thus, so, hence,
ergo, for that reason, as a result, accordingly.
warm, hot, heated, thermic.
.
cold, unheated.
bottle, 
ask, insulated container.
thesaurus
lexicon, word treasury, synonym
nder, word book.
1. \f\n\n\r\n premise, assumption,
belief, theory, hypothesis, argument, belief,
opinion, idea, theorem, position. 2. \r\r\t\f-
\n treatise, research paper, essay, study,
investigation, monograph, composition.
thespian
actor, actress, player, perform-
er, *ham, tragedian. \r\t\t \n\t, \t\t\r\n,
\t\t\f
thick
1. \t\t extensive, fat, massive, thick-
Z9241i_T.indd 604
5/25/10 12:27:46 PM
analysis, evaluation, re
ection, delibera-
tion, reasoning, logic, deduction, speculation,
*putting two and two together. 
e magic of
the mind.Ž„Lord Byron. 
e talking of the
soul with itself.Ž„Plato.
thin-skinned
sensitive, oversensitive, ultra-
sensitive, hypersensitive, easily hurt, deli-
cate, vulnerable, easily o
ended, touchy, ir-
ritable.
. thick-skinned, hardened, callous,
insensitive.
third world
undeveloped nations, emergent
nations.
craving, desire, want, longing, hunger,
Z9241i_T.indd 605
5/25/10 12:27:46 PM
threatening
intimidating, menacing, terror-
izing, frightening, scary, sinister, ominous,
impending, looming, foreboding.
. en-
couraging, bright, reassuring.
threesome
ménage à trois, trio.
thresh
beat, 
ail, thrash.
threshold
1. \n\n\f\r entrance. 2. \t-
 start, opening, entrance, brink, verge,
wind. 2. \r\f\t\r\r censor, shut up, silence,
squelch, gag, inhibit.
through
done, 
Z9241i_T.indd 606
5/25/10 12:27:46 PM
lightning:
ball lightning, chain lightning,
heat lightning
mythical creature of North American In-
dians thought to cause:
thunderbird
thunderstruck
shocked, 
oored, staggered,
amazed, astonished, dumbstruck, dumb-
founded, 
abbergasted, *knocked for a loop,
*bowled over.
. unmoved, unru\t
ed.
thus
adv.
therefore, so, hence, ergo.
thwart
obstruct, hinder, frustrate, slow, stop,
roadblock, foil, defeat, check, inhibit, pre-
vent, block, preclude, confound.
. facili-
tate, help, assist, ease.
tiara
5/25/10 12:27:47 PM
till
cash box, cash drawer, cash tray, cash reg-
ister.
till
plow, harrow, cultivate, work, turn over,
dig, hoe, spade, dress.
tilt
incline, inclination, slant, slope, lean, pitch,
grade, gradient, rake.
tilt
tip, incline, slant, slope, lean, turn, upend,
list, cant, angle.
timber
1. \n\n beam, joist, girder, ra
er,
pile, board, spar, log, lumber. 2. \f\t\t\r forest,
woods, woodland, timberland.
timberland
woodland, forest, stumpage.
tone, pitch, voice.
1. \f\n span, stretch, spell, peri-
od, interval, term, age, epoch, era, juncture,
point, second, instant, moment, hour, day,
month, year, century, millennium, eon, in-
nity, continuance, chronology, fourth di-
mension, *tick of the clock, *water under
the bridge, *sand through the hourglass. A
le that wears and makes no noise.Ž„Hen-
ry G. Bohn. A 
owing river.Ž„Christo-
pher Morley. A sandpile we run our 
ngers
in.Ž„Carl Sandburg. 
e moving image of
Z9241i_T.indd 608
5/25/10 12:27:47 PM
tired
1. \t"\r\t worn out, weary, fatigued,
drained, *out of juice, out of energy, *run
down, enervated, sleepy, drowsy, *bushed,
*pooped, burned out, *all in, *beat, spent,
agging, *dog-tired, *dead, *tuckered out. 2.
\r\b \n bored with, *fed up with.
. 1. en-
ergized, invigorated, revived, refreshed. 2. fas-
cinated by, stimulated by.
tireless
toast
drink, salute, salutation, compliment,
honor, *cheers, *to your health, *heres mud
in your eye, *skoal, *salut, *salud, *mazel
tov, prosit.
toast
1. \r\t drink to, honor, compliment,
share a sentiment, raise ones glass to, hail. 2.
\f\n  \f\t heat, warm.
toastmaster
master of ceremonies, emcee,
M.C., speaker, host, moderator.
tobacco
weed, leaves, perique, caporal. Per-
nicious weed.Ž„William Cowper. 
at hell
fume in Gods clean air.Ž„Carry Nation. A
lone mans companion, a bachelors friend,
a hungry mans food, a sad mans cordial,
a wakeful mans sleep, and a chilly mans
re.Ž„Charles Kingsley.
ash le
in pipe a
er burning:
dottle
box:
humidor
chew:
quid, plug
poor grade:
powder inhaled or chewed:
snu
smoke, aversion to the:
misocapnia
smoke, one who has an aversion to the:
misocapnist
stinky:
mundungus
tocsin
alarm, bell, warning.
to-do
fuss, commotion, bother, uproar,
*brouhaha, stir, *
ap, *hoopla, ado, hubbub,
furor, excitement, hurly-burly, *tempest in
a teapot.
toddle
Z9241i_T.indd 609
5/25/10 12:27:47 PM
toil
labor, work, grind, drudgery, *sweat of
ones brow, exertion, struggle, pains, *el-
bow grease, slavery.
. ease, leisure, re-
laxation.
toil
work, labor, sweat, exert, struggle, slave,
*break ones back, *bust ones hump, drudge,
strain, *plug away, *knock oneself out,
*drive oneself into the grave.
. relax, *take
it easy, rest.
toilet
1. \f\n\n *john, rest room, wash
room, *little boys room, *little girls room,
head, latrine, *can, *privy, *loo, *throne
room, outhouse, *potty, commode, 
Z9241i_T.indd 610
5/25/10 12:27:48 PM
*gizmo, *doohickey, *whatsit. 2. \t in-
strument, pawn, dupe, *stooge.
SAWS
band, saw comprised of rotating, toothed:
band saw
chained blade:
chain saw
circular saw, stationary:
buzz saw, bench saw
curve-cutting, electrical saw:
jigsaw, saber
saw
curve-cutting handsaw:
compass saw, key-
hole saw, coping saw
curving ornamentation, cuts:
scroll saw
grain, cuts across:
crosscut saw
grain, cuts with:
ripsaw
hand-powered saw used with sawbuck:
bucksaw
hole-cutting saw:
dial saw
Japanese cra
5/25/10 12:27:48 PM
plumbers heavy adjustable wrench:
mon-
key wrench, pipe wrench
top
highest, uppermost, topmost, leading,
chief, dominant, greatest, best, paramount,
highest-ranking, capital, most important,
supreme, foremost, preeminent.
. bot-
tom, lowest, worst.
top-drawer
rst-rate, 
rst-class, excellent, the
best.
. mediocre, second-rate.
top hat
gibus, stovepipe hat.
topic
subject, subject matter, point of discus-
sion, issue, question, material, theme, prob-
lem, text, business, thesis.
topical
current, contemporary, in the news,
up-to-the-minute, up-to-date, popular, lo-
cal, provincial.
. out-of-date, *yesterdays
news.
top-level
high-echelon, top-ranking, ranking,
chief, leading.
. low-level, minor.
top-notch
rst-rate, 
rst-class, top-drawer,
excellent, the best, supreme, the greatest, A-
1, *blue-chip.
. the worst, poor, low.
topple
fall, totter, pitch, collapse, tip over,
founder, overturn, tumble, knock over, up-
Z9241i_T.indd 612
5/25/10 12:27:48 PM
midwestern hotspot from Texas to North
Dakota:
tornado alley
scale of destructive force:
Fujita scale
super wide type:
wedge tornado, stovepipe
thunderstorm spawner:
super cell
water, forms over:
waterspout
torpid
dormant, sluggish, slow, inert, mo-
international treaty banning torture of pris-
oners of war:
ird Geneva Convention
Z9241i_T.indd 613
5/25/10 12:27:48 PM
TOTALITARIAN
[to TAL uh TAIR ee un]
authoritarian, autocratic, controlled by only
one party or group.
ey su
ered under a to-
talitarian regime.
\r. authoritarian, auto-
cratic, fascist, dictatorial, tyrannical, mono-
lithic, despotic, undemocratic, Nazi.
.
democratic.
totally
adv.
Z9241i_T.indd 614
5/25/10 12:27:49 PM
exaggerate, *plug, acclaim, promote. 2. \r\n-
\b peddle, *drum up business, hawk,
vend, pitch.
. 1. condemn, denigrate,
*badmouth.
tout de suite
adv.
at once, immediately, right
away, pronto, without delay, now.
. even-
tually, in the future.
tow
pull, drag, haul, lug, transport, yank, trawl.
toward
prep.
in the direction of, facing.
towel
wipe, hand cloth, wash cloth.
tower
1.   skyscraper, high-
rise, spire, monolith, obelisk, belfry, steeple,
Z9241i_T.indd 615
5/25/10 12:27:49 PM
Z9241i_T.indd 616
5/25/10 12:27:49 PM
transcription
\r\t\t \f\r\b\f
transfer
transference, transferal, transposition,
repositioning, relocation, move, transplant,
displacement, transportation, conveyance.
transfer
1. \n\t remove, relocate, convey, re-
position, transplant, transpose, transport,
send, deliver, forward, transmit. 2. \r
\n\t\f deed, convey.
transferal
transference, transfer, move, re-
moval, relocation, conveyance, transpor-
tation, transplantation, transposition, dis-
placement.
trans
1. \n \n\t\r \t\n put in a
trance, spellbind, hypnotize, mesmerize,
Z9241i_T.indd 617
5/25/10 12:27:50 PM
shipment, hauling, trucking, delivery. 2. !\n
rapture, ecstasy, bliss, euphoria, *seventh
heaven, exaltation, *high, *rush, *cloud
nine, happiness, nirvana.
. 2. depression,
misery, melancholy.
transport
1. \b\f\f convey, move, ship,
haul, truck, deliver, send, cart, transfer,
run, lug, *tote, relay. 2. \t\f\f\t fill
with joy, overjoy, carry away, make ecstat-
ic, entrance, thrill, enthrall, make euphor-
ic, bewitch, charm.
. 2. depress, fill
with melancholy.
transportation
transport, conveyance, carry-
ing, carriage, transit, transferal, movement,
shipment, hauling, trucking, 
ight, delivery.
transported
enraptured, overjoyed, filled
with joy, carried away, ecstatic, euphor-
ic, blissful, entranced, enthralled, *in sev-
enth heaven, *on cloud nine, experiencing
nirvana.
. depressed, melancholic, mis-
erable.
transpose
interchange, reverse, exchange,
switch, change places, swap places, *
ip-
op, commute, transfer.
transsexual
epicene, transvestite, cross-dresser.
transverse
crosswise, athwart, crossed, cross,
horizontal, diagonal, oblique.
. vertical.
transvestite
cross-dresser, *drag queen, fe-
tishist, transsexual.
trap
snare, pitfall, deadfall, *booby trap,
Z9241i_T.indd 618
5/25/10 12:27:50 PM
treacherous
1. \r\n traitorous, backstab-
bing, untrue, unfaithful, duplicitous, dou-
ble-dealing, two-faced, Janus-faced, per
ous, treasonous, *like a snake in the grass. 2.
\f\t\t untrustworthy, insecure, haz-
ardous, slippery, undependable, precarious,
dangerous, unsafe, unstable, shaky.
. 1.
loyal, true, faithful. 2. safe, secure, reliable.
treachery
4. \b  \t  \n\f \n\t\f pay for,
cover, *spring for, pick up the check, foot
the bill.
treatise
study, article, work, essay, discus-
sion, dissertation, thesis, examination, treat-
ment, composition, paper, book, mono-
graph, tract.
treatment
1.  behavior towards,
dealing, usage, processing, management,
conduct toward, manner toward. 2. \t-
\b \b\f\t doctoring, nursing, prescription,
remedy, medication, cure, therapy, thera-
peutics, regimen.
treaty
agreement, contract, pact, entente,
covenant, compact, deal, alliance, arrange-
ment, mutual understanding, suspension of
hostilities, cease-
re.
treble
high-pitched, shrill, soprano.
. bass.
tree
hardwood tree, so
wood tree, conifer,
evergreen, shrub, sapling, timber, acacia,
alder, apple, ash, aspen, balsam, banyan,
bayberry, beech, birch, breadfruit, butter-
nut, cacao, camphor tree, cashew, cedar,
cherry, chestnut, chinaberry, cinnamon,
clove, coconut, cottonwood, cypress, date
palm, dogwood, ebony, elder, elm, eucalyp-
tus, 
g, 
r, frankincense, gingko, grapefruit,
guava, gum, hawthorn, hazelnut, hemlock,
hickory, holly, hornbeam, ironwood, juni-
per, larch, laurel, lemon, lime, linden, lo-
cust, magnolia, mahogany, mango, man-
grove, maple, mimosa, mountain ash, mul-
berry, nutmeg, oak, olive, orange, palm, pa-
paw, papaya, peach, pear, pecan, persim-
mon, pine, pistachio, plum, pomegranate,
poplar, redwood, rosewood, sandalwood,
sassafras, satinwood, sequoia, spruce, syca-
more, tamarack, tamarind, tangerine, teak,
tulip oak, walnut, willow, witch hazel, yew.
\r\t\t !\t, \n\f\t\r
bristles growing out of leaves:
beard
center of trunk:
heartwood
covering:
bark
cultivates, one who:
arborculturist
cultivation of:
arborculture
treacherous - tree
Z9241i_T.indd 619
5/25/10 12:27:50 PM
growth rings to determine past climate,
study of:
dendrochronology
leaf-shedding:
deciduous
pertaining to:
arboreal
pitch hole:
pitch pocket
region, trees of a:
sylva
ring marking past location of branch, tough:
knot
rings of trunk from which age can be de-
termined:
growth rings
root, central:
taproot
rope and thread, inner bark used in:
bast
rotting leaves and debris collected under a
tree:
litter
Z9241i_T.indd 620
5/25/10 12:27:50 PM
amination, essay, trial balloon, road test, lab
test, clinical trial, *double blind, qualifying
run. 2. \f\r tribulation, test of ones
Z9241i_T.indd 621
5/25/10 12:27:51 PM
Z9241i_T.indd 622
5/25/10 12:27:51 PM
mund Cooke. 2. \r\f\b\t agitation,
turmoil, disorder, unrest, rebellion, discord,
ness, transactions, commerce, barter, trad-
ing, buying and selling.
cab with sleeping department:
sleeper
driver and passenger portion:
cab
truck
haul, transport, carry, ship, transfer,
convey, run.
truckle
cringe, toady, *kiss up, *brownnose,
kowtow, bow before, bow and scrape, grov-
el, *fall all over, *suck up to, fawn, *bootlick,
submit.
. dominate, stand up to, resist.
truculent
erce, mean, harsh, pugnacious,
nasty, hostile, belligerent, combative, brutal,
ferocious, savage, vicious, ruthless, murder-
ous, cruel, rude.
. pleasant, good-natured,
good-humored, nice.
trudge
walk, tramp, slogging, plodding, hike,
*schlepp.
trudge
walk, tramp, slog, plod, hike, traipse,
trouble - trumped up
Z9241i_T.indd 623
5/25/10 12:27:51 PM
trumpet
1. \n\f wind instrument, bugle,
ugelhorn. \r\t\t \r\b \r\f\t 2.
trumpet - tuckered out
Z9241i_T.indd 624
5/25/10 12:27:52 PM
*pooped, *dog tired.
. invigorated, ener-
gized.
tu
clump of hair, cluster, bunch, knot, wisp,
thatch, lock, shock, cowlick, topknot, plume,
tassel, tussock. \r\t\t \f
tug
pull, yank, heave, tow, drag, haul, jerk,
wrench.
tug
pull, yank, heave, tow, drag, haul, jerk,
wrench, dra
, *lug, draw, wrestle, *muscle.
tuition
schooling fee, charge, cost of educa-
tion.
tumble
1. \f\n \n\f  somersault, hand-
spring, stumble, trip, *header, *pratfall, spill,
op, crash, slip, dive. 2. \r\n\f\t\f mess,
confusion, jumble, disarray, chaos, heap.
tumble
1. \f\n \n\f  somersault, hand-
spring, stumble, trip, *take a header, *do a
pratfall, spill, 
op, crash, slip, dive, drop,
pitch, topple, plunge, *lose ones footing, *go
- turn
Z9241i_T.indd 625
5/25/10 12:27:52 PM
deviation, swerve, turnabout, reversal, di-
vergence, shi
turn over
Z9241i_T.indd 626
5/25/10 12:27:52 PM
twig
branch, limb, shoot, bough, stick, stem,
sprig, o
shoot.
twilight
1. \r gloam, sundown, sun-
Z9241i_T.indd 627
5/25/10 12:27:53 PM
typify
exemplify, represent, personify, epito-
mize, embody, characterize, stand for, de-
note, serve as an example.
typist
typify - tyro
Z9241i_T.indd 628
5/25/10 12:27:53 PM
UBIQUITOUS
[yoo BIK wuh tus] present
everywhere at the same time, or seemingly
so, omnipresent.
e faithful believe God is
ubiquitous.
. everywhere, omnipresent,
widespread, all-over, pervasive, universal,
worldwide, far and wide, to the four corners
of the earth.
U-boat
*steel shark.  \b\t\n 
unidenti\f
ying object, \r
ying saucer,
*bogey, extraterrestrial spacecra
ugliness
unattractiveness, repulsiveness, home-
liness, grotesqueness, un
sightliness, plainness,
deformity, monstrousness, hideousness, eye-
sore.
. beauty, attractiveness, loveliness.
ugly
1. \t\n\t  repulsive, home-
ly, hideous, unbecoming, grotesque, un-
sightly, plain, deformed, monstrous, revolt-
ing, *gross, misshapen, unappealing, *toad-
faced, *rat-faced, *\f
sh-faced, *not much
on looks, *has a great personality, an eye-
sore. 2.  \t\n\t, \t o
ensive, ob-
jectionable, unpleasant, disgusting, nasty,
repugnant, repellent, obnoxious, sickening,
nauseating, vile, distasteful. 3. \n\t-
 ominous, menacing, forbidding, por-
tentious, dangerous, black, sinister, ma-
levolent, malignant. 4. \n ill-tempered,
*mad, angry, *pissed, quarrelsome, bad-
tempered, surly, mean, nasty, cantankerous.
. 1. attractive, beautiful, lovely, appeal-
ing. 2. agreeable, pleasant, good. 3. auspi-
cious, harmless, promising. 4. good-natured,
good-humored, easygoing.
ulcer
ulceration, sore, peptic ulcer, canker,
abscess, festering, lesion.
ulcerous
ulcerated, cankerous, cankered, fes-
tering, sore.
. healthy, healing, clean.
ULTERIOR
[ul TEER ee er] undisclosed,
hidden, beyond what is spoken.
John said
he wanted to judge the beauty pageant for
the money, but we suspected he had an ulte-
rior motive.
. undisclosed, hidden, un-
spoken, unexpressed, covert, remote, unre-
vealed, concealed, personal.
. expressed,
obvious, evident.
ultimate
greatest, highest, best, height, top,
pinnacle, summit, peak, last word, ne plus
ultra, culmination.
. lowest, minimum.
ultimate
1. \b maximum, highest,
greatest, uppermost, supreme, paramount,
extreme, best, superlative, preeminent. 2.
 \t conclusive, last, concluding, ending,
Z9241i_U.indd 629
5/25/10 12:27:54 PM
unaccustomed
inexperienced, unseasoned,
unused to, *green, raw, ignorant, unacquaint-
ed.
. accustomed, experienced.
unadorned
unembellished, undecorated,
bare, bald, stark.  \t 
UNADULTERATED
[un uh DULT uh rate
ed] pure, unpolluted, undiluted, unmixed.
We found the national park still unadulter-
ated and pristine
. . pure, unmixed, un-
diluted, unpolluted, unalloyed, uncorrupted,
untainted, uncontaminated, unspoiled.
.
adulterated, contaminated, impure.
ected
1. \t\n\t real, sincere, down-to-
earth, unstudied, *folksy, *down-home, un-
Z9241i_U.indd 630
5/25/10 12:27:55 PM
unbending
rigid, \f
rm, sti
, resolute, in\r
ible, unyielding, uncompromising, *holding
Z9241i_U.indd 631
5/25/10 12:27:55 PM
unconcerned
uncaring, careless, carefree, in-
Z9241i_U.indd 632
5/25/10 12:27:56 PM
undercover
Z9241i_U.indd 633
5/25/10 12:27:56 PM
underwrite
pay for, \f
nance, fund, bankroll,
sponsor, subsidize, back, support, endow,
guarantee, insure, cover.
underwriter
backer, \f
nancier, sponsor, *an-
gel, supporter, insurer, insurance company.
undesirable
unwanted, unpopular, objection-
able, unwelcome, unappealing, unsatisfacto-
ry, o
ensive, unacceptable, unsuitable, dis-
liked, rejected, scorned, disagreeable, nau-
seating, repellant.
. desirable, wanted, ap-
pealing.
undeveloped
immature, unripe, un\f
nished,
underdeveloped, latent.
. developed, ma-
ture, ripe.
undigni
ed
unseemly, beneath ones digni-
ty, degrading, childish, juvenile, inelegant,
tasteless, crude, rude, indecorous, ungentle-
manly, unladylike, *goofy, out of character.
. elegant, proper, decorous.
undiluted
pure, 100 percent, unadulterat-
ed, uncut, *unwatered down, umixed.
.
thinned, watered down, weakened.
undisciplined
lazy, unregimented, self-indul-
gent, overindulgent, unrestrained, uncon-
trolled, inconsistent, unsteady, unreliable,
undependable, irresolute, irresponsible.
.
disciplined, strict, regimented.
undisguised
unconcealed, open, overt, frank,
candid, up front, glaring, blatant, loud, ex-
posed.
. disguised, secret, covert.
undisputed
indisputable, unquestionable, ir-
refutable, uncontested, clear-cut, accepted,
unmistakable, recognized, undeniable, be-
yond question.
. questionable, contested,
disputable.
undistinguished
mediocre, *run of the mill,
*same old same old, ordinary, average, typical,
common, pedestrian, plain, so-so, *nothing
to write home about, unexceptional, *noth-
ing special.
. distinguished, exceptional,
extraordinary, rare.
undivided
Z9241i_U.indd 634
5/25/10 12:27:56 PM
unemployed
out of work, jobless, laid-o
red, idle, free, o
, available for hire, *on
the breadline, *on welfare.
. employed,
working.
unending
Z9241i_U.indd 635
5/25/10 12:27:56 PM
inadvisable, ill-advised, inauspicious, un-
lucky.
. favorable, lucky, good, auspicious.
unfeeling
Z9241i_U.indd 636
5/25/10 12:27:57 PM
ous, glad, beaming, elated, euphoric. 2. lucky,
fortunate.
unharmed
unhurt, uninjured, unscathed, in-
tact, okay, all right, safe.
. wounded, in-
jured.
unhealthy
1.   sickly, ill, unwell, diseased,
in poor health, un\f
t, weak, run-down, *un-
der the weather, debilitated, bedridden, *in
bad shape. 2. \t \n  unwholesome,
Z9241i_U.indd 637
5/25/10 12:27:57 PM
union
1. "   combination, uni\f
cation,
consolidation, marriage, merger, amalgama-
tion, unity, fusion, incorporation, coupling,
blend. 2. \n   \b\b \n
alliance, coalition, league, confederation,
guild, trade union, labor union, federation,
association, partnership, cartel, syndicate.
. 1. separation, segregation, breakup.

\b\t\n\n \t
unique
one-of-a-kind, single, sole, unparal-
leled, lone, only, incomparable, distinctive,
unprecedented, extraordinary, special, pe-
culiar, strange, in a class by itself.
. com-
mon, commonplace, run-of-the-mill, *com-
mon as a brick.
unison
harmony, agreement, concord, ac-
Z9241i_U.indd 638
5/25/10 12:27:57 PM
unlock
open, release, turn the combination,
unlatch, unbar.
unlucky
unfortunate, ill-fated, cursed, jinxed,
hapless, star-crossed, *down on ones luck,
inauspicious, unhappy, unfavorable.
.
lucky, fortunate, happy.
unmanageable
ungovernable, intractable,
wild, out of control, uncontrollable, indocile,
rebellious, de\f
ant, indomitable, stubborn.
. manageable, governable, controllable.
rude, discourteous, impolite,
uncivil, uncivilized, indelicate, unre\f
ned,
uncultivated, ungracious, ungentlemanly,
unladylike.
. polite, courteous, gracious.
unmarried
single, unwed, unattached, eligi-
ble, available, celibate, virgin, maiden.
.
married, wed, *spoken for.
reveal, expose, unveil, *blow ones
unnoticed, unnoticeable, in-
Z9241i_U.indd 639
5/25/10 12:27:58 PM
unprepared
not ready, *caught o
guard,
*caught napping, *caught \r
at-footed, caught by
surprise, ill-equipped.
. prepared, ready.
unprepared - unsafe
Z9241i_U.indd 640
5/25/10 12:27:58 PM
*a tinderbox, *a powderkeg, explosive, risky.
. safe, secure, protected, harmless.
unsanitary
unclean, dirty, unhealthy, unhy-
lthy, contaminated, foul, polluted,
germ-infested, tainted.
. sanitary, clean,
sterile, antiseptic.
unsatisfactory
inadequate, unful\f
lling, un-
acceptable, de\f
cient, insu
cient, lacking,
wanting, unworthy, *not up to par.
. sat-
isfactory, good enough, adequate.
unsavory
1. \t \n \t-\t  un-
unsanitary - unsuccessful
Z9241i_U.indd 641
5/25/10 12:27:58 PM
unsuitable
inappropriate, un\f
t, wrong, im-
proper, inadequate, unacceptable, unsatis-
factory, unbe\f
tting, inapt, out of place, ill-
tting.
. appropriate, \b
t, right, acceptable.
unsung
unrecognized, unacclaimed, unap-
plauded.
. applauded, praised, extolled.
unsure
uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, ques-
tionable, *i
y, *up in the air, undecided, du-
bious, skeptical, not con\f
dent, insecure.
.
sure, certain, con\b
dent.
unsurpassed
supreme, superior, unrivaled,
peerless, unparalleled, the best, incompara-
ble, greatest, leading, preeminent.
. sec-
ond-rate, average, worst.
unsuspecting
trusting, naive, gullible, cred-
ulous, unknowing, unaware, innocent, un-
wary, inexperienced, believing, unsophisti-
cated, oblivious.
. wary, suspicious, ques-
tioning.
Z9241i_U.indd 642
5/25/10 12:27:59 PM
weather, *green around the gills, run-down,
*o
ones feed.
. well, healthy, \b
unwholesome
Z9241i_U.indd 643
5/25/10 12:27:59 PM
uproarious
1.   loud, clamorous, tu-
multuous, boisterous, wild, riotous, deaf-
ening, earsplitting. 2.  \t\n  *a scream,
sidesplitting, hysterical, *a laugh riot, rol-
licking.
. 1. quiet, peaceful, still. 2. som-
ber, sober, grim.
uproot
root up, root out, extirpate, pull out,
rip out, move, weed, remove, eradicate, de-
stroy.
ups and downs
peaks and valleys, highs and
lows, feasts and famines, vicissitudes.
upset
1.  \n\t unhappiness, agita-
tion, trouble, distress, worry, shake-up, per-
turbation, illness. 2. \t overthrow, re-
versal, surprise loss. 3. \n\n \r
ip, tip-
ping, toppling, capsizing.
upset
1.  \n make unhappy, bother, ag-
Z9241i_U.indd 644
5/25/10 12:27:59 PM
used to
adv.
familiar with, accustomed to, ha-
bituated, acclimated.
useful
serviceable, helpful, valuable, practical,
utilitarian, bene\f
cial, handy, of use, func-
tional.
. useless, worthless, of no help.
useless
worthless, of no use, unavailing, un-
serviceable, ine
ectual, ine
ective, to no
avail, unproductive, unpro\f
table, futile,
vain.
. useful, valuable, helpful.
Z9241i_U.indd 645
5/25/10 12:28:00 PM
vacancy
opening, space, emptiness, gap, room,
void, vacuousness, hole, nothing, hollow.
vacant
1.  open, un
lled, unoccupied,
clear, bare, deserted, void, devoid, hollow,
uninhabited, unused. 2. \b\t\n \f\f stupid,
blank, vacuous, oblivious, expressionless,
dull, bovine, *bubbleheaded.
. 1. full,
lled, occupied, used. 2. intelligent, thought-
ful, alert.
vacate
leave, give up, leave behind, quit, desert,
withdraw, depart, abandon.
. 
ll, occupy.
vacation
holiday, time o\r
, *R&R, rest and
relaxation, recess, furlough, sabbatical, re-
spite, hiatus, break, trip, cruise. A semi-
annual reminder that doing nothing is
hard work.Ž„Art Hinkle.
. daily grind,
hard labor.
vaccination
inoculation, *shot, immunity.
VACILLATE
[VAS uh LATE] to waver or be
indecisive.
He couldnt make up his mind
and vacillated between choices all day.
waver, be indecisive, go back and forth, 
tuate, hesitate, shilly-shally, *blow hot and
cold, be irresolute, *sit on the fence, hedge,
equivocate, hem and haw.
vacuity
1. \b\t\f\f nothingness, vacuum,
void, blankness. 2. -\n\n\t\f\f stu-
pidity, ignorance, dullness, denseness, mind-
lessness, lack of inte
lligence, *bubblehead-
edness, imbecility.
. 1. substance, matter,
fullness. 2. intelligence, brains, *smarts.
vacuous
stupid, empty-headed, dumb, dense,
unintelligent, ignorant, imbecilic, moronic,
*bubbleheaded, blank, bovine.
. intelli-
gent, smart, bright, knowledgeable.
vacuum
emptiness, nothingness, void, blank-
ness, vacuity.
vagabond
vagrant, dri
er, tramp, wander-
er, transient, *bum, hobo, nomad, rambler,
rover, 
oater, itinerant.
vagabond
moving, wandering, dri
ing, trav-
eling, roving, rambling, roaming, wayfaring,
itinerant, homeless, shi
less, idle.
. root-
ed, responsible.
vagary
caprice, whim, whimsy, impulse, no-
Z9241i_V.indd 646
5/25/10 12:28:01 PM
proved, authentic, genuine. 2. \f\t\n well-
grounded, well-founded, solid, validated,
logical, substantiated, correct, accurate,
unassailable.
. 1. illegal, illegitimate, un-
authorized, invalid. 2. 
imsy, unsound, un-
proven.
validate
1.   make legitimate, au-
thorize, certify, sanction, warrant, approve.
2. \t\b verify, prove, substantiate, cor-
roborate, back up, support, authenticate,
certify.
. 1. invalidate, cancel. 2. disprove,
invalidate.
validation
1.  \b\b\t legitimization,
authorization, certi
cation, sanctioning. 2.
\t\b\b\t veri
cation, proof, substan-
tiation, corroboration, support, authentica-
tion, certi
cation.
. invalidation.
validity
1.  \b lawfulness, legitima-
cy, authority, sanction. 2. \f\t\n\t\f\f solid-
ity, correctness, accuracy, authenticity, gen-
valise
suitcase, bag, travel bag, handbag, car-
ryall, luggage, case, grip.
valley
dale, dell, vale, canyon, gorge, low-
land, basin, gulch, chasm, hollow, glen.
.
mountain, highland.
valor
courage, bravery,
boldness, fearlessness,
*guts, nerve, heroism, daring, *derring-do,
backbone, *moxie, stoutheartedness, bra-
vado, con
dence, manliness, gallantry, chiv-
alry, heart.
. cowardice, fear, *wimpiness,
spinelessness.
valorous
courageous, brave, bold, fearless,
*gutsy, nervy, heroic, daring, stouthearted,
con
dent, manly, gallant, chivalrous, tough.
. cowardly, fearful, *wimpy.
valuable
costly, priceless, precious, dear, ex-
pensive, high-priced, valued, prized, in de-
mand, worthwhile, invaluable, important,
useful, pro
table, bene
cial, helpful.
.
worthless, cheap, *not worth the powder to
blow it to hell, unimportant.
valuation
appraisal, evaluation, estimate.
value
Z9241i_V.indd 647
5/25/10 12:28:01 PM
nally fell asleep.
\f\t. dull, 
at, boring, unin-
teresting, tiresome, tedious, tasteless, 
avor-
less, colorless, insipid, inane, lifeless, bland,
lame, unimaginative, *dull as dishwater,
*blah.
. interesting, stimulating, imagina-
tive, exciting.
vapor
moisture, mist, fog, haze, steam, cloud,
spray, breath, exhalation, humidity, conden-
sation, miasma, smog.
vaporize
humidify, mist, steam, fume.
vaporous
humid, misty, steamy, foggy, damp,
clammy, muggy, moist, hazy, gaseous, fumy,
murky.
. dry.
variable
changeable, changing, unstable, 
tuating, irregular, inconstant, vacillating,
wavering, *like a chameleon, on again o\r
again, *blowing hot and cold, diverse, 
ckle,
capricious, as variable as the wind.
. un-
changeable, invariable, 
xed, steady, stable.
1. \n\b\t discrepancy, diver-
gence, deviation, disparity, departure. 2.
\n\b\f argument, quarrel, disagreement,
altercation, division, contention, di\r
erence
of opinion, con
ict. 3. \b\f\f\b\t pass,
*okay, pass-through.
. 2. agreement, har-
mony, accord.
variant
di\r erent version, variation.
variation
change, di\r
erence, alternative, de-
parture, turn, 
uctuation, break from the
norm, aberration, variant, modi
cation, va-
Z9241i_V.indd 648
5/25/10 12:28:02 PM
dle jumper, boat, bus, train, carriage, coach.
\f \b \t, \b , , -
 , \f\b, \b\t 2. \t\f medium, in-
strument, tool, agent, channel, intermediary.
boxlike coach of 1800s:
brougham
bus traveling regular route, small, passen-
ger:
jitney
cab, old-time:
hackney, hansom cab
carriage, enclosed:
coach
carriage, four-wheeled:
Z9241i_V.indd 649
5/25/10 12:28:02 PM
. 1. harmless, nontoxic. 2. friendly, warm,
full of goodwill.
5/25/10 12:28:02 PM
versatile
Z9241i_V.indd 651
5/25/10 12:28:03 PM
VICARIOUS
[vye KAIR ee us] experienced
indirectly or imagined through the experi-
ences of others.
Although she could not at-
tend it herself, she received vicarious pleasure
from watching the concert on television.
indirect, imagined, fantasized, secondhand,
Z9241i_V.indd 652
5/25/10 12:28:03 PM
ness, failing health. 2. feebleness, hal\n
earted-
ness, weariness.
vigorous
strong, vital, energetic, *full of zip,
powerful, peppy, *full of 
re, lively, force-
ful, potent, mighty, hardy, hearty, healthy,
robust, intense, spirited, passionate, enthu-
siastic, vehement, fervent.
. weak, feeble,
sickly, failing, impotent.
viking
pirate, sea rover, Norseman.
vile
1. \f immoral, wicked, evil, sinful, de-
based, bad, degenerate, venal, iniquitous,
villainous, depraved, Satanic. 2. \t\f\b
disgusting, sickening, nauseating, stomach-
turning, rotten, loathsome, despicable, mon-
strous, atrocious, obnoxious, contemptible.
. 1. moral, good, wholesome, virtuous. 2.
pleasant, delightful, agreeable.
[VIL uh FYE] to defame, slander, put
down.
He vili
ed nearly everyone in the or-
ganization.
\f\t. defame, slander, put down,
mudsling, libel, smear, criticize, abuse, de-
nounce, *slam, malign, denigrate, revile, ca-
lumniate, vituperate, *bad-mouth, *drag
ones name through the mud.
. praise,
compliment, commend.
vili
cation
defamation, slander, mudsling-
ing, libel, smear, criticism, verbal abuse, de-
nunciation, *slamming, maligning, denigra-
tion, calumny, character assassination, *bad-
mouthing.
. praising, commendation, ac-
claim.
villa
country house, country estate, summer
house, *spread, vacation home, hacienda.
village
Z9241i_V.indd 653
5/25/10 12:28:03 PM
crime.Ž„Max Stirner. 2. \b\t\t\f  
\t energy, explosiveness, storminess,
ferocity, fury, turbulence, wildness, intensi-
ty, 
erceness, upheaval, cataclysm, eruption,
blowup.
violent
1. \n\f\b brutal, beastly, man-
handling, rough, terrorizing, killing, mur-
derous, barbarous, savage, ferocious, riotous,
physically abusive, assaultive, cruel, blood-
thirsty, homicidal, rabid, maniacal, berserk,
rowdy, hurtful, crazed, out of control, vehe-
ment, furious. 2. \b\t\t\f powerful, strong,
extreme, severe, acute, rough, explosive, tur-
bulent, stormy, ferocious, wild, 
erce, cata-
clysmic.
. 1. nonviolent, paci
c, passive,
peaceful. 2. mild, gentle, slight.
violin
string instrument, 
ddle, Stradivarius.
\f \f\b \b\t\f\t
very important person, dignitary, *big
shot, *big enchilada, *brass hat, *top brass,
Z9241i_V.indd 654
5/25/10 12:28:04 PM
visa
endorsement, authorization, certi
tion, passport stamp.
visage
face, countenance, expression, appear-
ance, aspect, look, cast, bearing.
vis-a-vis
face to face, opposite.
viscera
internal organs, intestines, guts, bow-
els, *innards, entrails.
VISCERAL
[VIS ur ul] instinctive, intuitive,
felt in ones gut.
e desire to hunt is largely
visceral.
\f\t. instinctive, intuitive, *gut, inter-
nal, natural, unconscious, subconscious, re-
exive, emotional.
. intellectual, cerebral.
viscid
\f \b\f\f
viscosity
cohesiveness, stickiness, tackiness,
adhesion, viscidity,
viscount
nobleman.
viscous
cohesive, sticky, viscid, tacky, glu-
ey, gummy, adhesive, syrupy, mucilaginous,
pasty.
. dry, solid.
vise
clamp, holder, grip, gripper.
visibility
range of vision, clearness, clarity,
cloudiness, cloud ceiling, fogginess, percep-
tibility.
visible
seeable, perceptible, observable, per-
ceivable, discernible, palpable, apparent, ev-
ident, obvious, conspicuous, distinct, clear,
plain, manifest.
. invisible, concealed,
hidden, imperceptible.
vision
1. \f\b sense of sight, sight, see-
ing, perception, optical perception. \f 
2. \n hallucination, fantasy, daydream,
illusion, mirage, apparition, ghost, specter,
Z9241i_V.indd 655
5/25/10 12:28:04 PM
brightly colored. 2.   crystal-clear, strong,
powerful, realistic, graphic, distinct, pictur-
esque, sharp, loud, impressive.
. 1. dull,
faded, faint, pale. 2. vague, dull, faint.
vivify
give life to, animate, vitalize, quicken.
vivisection
animal dissection, animal re-
search, medical research.
vixen
shrew, witch, *battle-ax, virago, 
wife, scold, hellcat, spit
re.
vocabulary
lexicon, glossary, word stock,
vernacular, language, slang, jargon, lingo,
cant, tongue, terminology, phraseology, dic-
tionary, thesaurus.
vocal
1. \f\t oral, verbal, voiced, vocal-
ized, uttered, articulated, expressed, put into
words, sung. 2. \f\t expressive, ar-
ticulate, vociferous, *not backward about
coming forward, loud, noisy, blunt, forth-
right, making oneself heard.
. 1. mute, si-
lent, written. 2. shy, reserved, reticent, quiet.
vocalist
singer, soloist, crooner, diva, prima
donna, *songbird, song stylist, songstress,
recording artist, pop star, minstrel. \f -
\f\b, \f\t
vocalize
verbalize, voice, put into words, ar-
ticulate, express, speak, utter, say, communi-
cate, phonate, sing.
vocation
profession, occupation, trade, call-
ing, line of work, career, livelihood, employ-
descriptive:
alto, baritone, bass, bellow-
ing, booming, breathy, cackling, childish,
cracking, croaking, cultured, deep, drawl-
Z9241i_V.indd 656
5/25/10 12:28:04 PM
blob of lava ejected from:
bomb
cavern formed by lava 
ow:
lava tube
cinderlike lava:
scoria
crater that eventually 
lls with water to
become lake:
descriptive:
devils throne, hellish forge, fes-
tering boil
device that measures bulge in side of moun-
so
serve easily returned:
*lollipop
spike into opponents face:
spiking directly into opponents armpits:
*sizzling the pits
spin on the ball:
English
Z9241i_V.indd 657
5/25/10 12:28:05 PM
bon
re representing relighting of the sun,
ceremonial:
boucan
Brazilian form:
macumba
dolls to represent real people and in
ict
pain, use of:
envoutement
healing, spirit of:
loco
object thought to have magical power:
charm, fetish
priestess, Haitian:
mambo
spirit who takes control of another in
trance:
walking stick with magic ability to kill:
coco macaque
VORACIOUS
[vo RAY shus] extremely hun-
gry or greedy, insatiable.
He had a voracious
appetite and ate every three hours.
\f\t. rav-
enous, gluttonous, edacious, greedy, hungry,
starved, devouring, insatiable, unquench-
able, wild, rabid, out of control.
. moder-
ate, dainty, satiated.
vortex
whirlpool, maelstrom, eddy, gyre,
whirlwind, tornado, cyclone, *twister.
votary
monk, nun, devotee, worshipper, dis-
ciple, follower, adherent, fan.
vote
say, voice, choice, option, right to choose,
rage, franchise, ballot, poll, referendum,
show of hands, *yea, *nay. \f  \b\t
vote
cast ones ballot, choose, elect, decide
on, opt for, *give thumbs up, *give thumbs
down, *yea, *nay, go to the polls. \f  -
vouch
rm, back up, support, swear to, tes-
tify, attest, bear witn
ess, substantiate, cor-
roborate, guarantee, warrant, authenticate,
certify.
voucher
receipt, chit, debenture, note, IOU.
vouchsafe
give, grant, confer, bestow, con-
cede, allow, condescend.
promise, pledge, oath, word, solemn
word, word of honor, troth, assurance.
promise, pledge, give ones word, give ones
solemn word, give ones word of honor, swear
to, solemnly swear, assure, *cross ones heart
and hope to die, guarantee, warrant.
cruise, pleasure cruise, ocean-cross-
5/25/10 12:28:05 PM
Sl.
*nut, *fruitcake, oddball, *sicko,
*psycho, psychotic, deranged person, unsta-
ble person, neurotic, *screwball, mentally
unbalanced person.
crazy, *loony, demented, deranged,
*screwy, *psycho, psychotic, eccentric, irra-
tional, *goofy, *buggy, *kooky, *zany, *o
the wall.
. rational, sensible, reasonable,
sober, sane.
mass, ball, lump, hunk, chunk, gob, clump,
plug.
waddle
toddle, wobble, walk like a duck, sway.
wade
slog, slosh, plod, ford, bathe.
waders
hip boots.
wafer
cracker, cookie, snap, disk, biscuit.
WAFFLE
[WAU ful] to speak or write vaguely
or ambiguously, to equivocate.
e senator
wa
ed on the issue and told us to get back to
him.
. equivocate, dodge, *dance around
an issue, sidestep, hem and haw, duck, hedge,
speak ambiguously, speak vaguely, tergiver-
sate, evade, *beat around the bush.
. be
decisive, come to the point, be straightfor-
ward, be direct, take a stand.
oat, 
y, sail, glide, dri
, blow, pu
, car-
ry, propel.
shake, wiggle, wave, waggle, swing, sway,
waver, jiggle, bob.
shake, wiggle, wave, waggle, swing, sway,
jiggle, bob.
pay, wages, salary, income, earnings,
stipend, compensation, remuneration, hire,
wail
cry, outcry, lament, moan, whine, howl,
sob, boohoo.
wail
cry, cry out, cry out in mourning, be-
wail, weep, moan, whine, howl, sob, boohoo,
bawl, whimper, lament, grieve, mourn.
delay, holdup, stop, halt, suspension,
pause, layover.
hold up, hold, stop, halt, suspend, pause,
delay, procrastinate, linger, abide, bide ones
time, *sweat it out, dally, *hang back, *hold
the phone, *freeze.
. go, proceed, start.
waiter
waitress, server, steward, garçon, car-
hop, host, hostess, maitre d, servant.
serve, attend to, tend to, minister to,
be at ones beck and call, *wait on hand and
foot, *gopher.
waitress
\b\b  \b
1.  \t\b  relinquish, surrender, for-
bear, forgo, renounce, dispense with, forsake,
abandon. 2. \b defer, put o
, table,
*put on hold.
. 1. keep, retain, claim.
relinquishment, disclaimer.
1. \f\n vigil, funeral service, rites. 2.
\f\n wash, trail, track, path, contrail.
Z9241i_W.indd 659
5/25/10 12:28:06 PM
baby:
toddler
backward:
backpedal, double-back, retrace
ones steps
brush, through:
blaze, bushwhack, pick
ones way, negotiate, weave
casual:
walk with elaborate nonchalance,
mosey, shu
e, pad, saunter, stroll
complicated path, through or around:
pick
ones way, negotiate, step nimbly around,
thread ones way, edge along, inch for-
ward, take mincing steps
crowd, through a:
sidle, jostle, elbow, shoul-
der, jockey for position, bull ones way
through, be borne along by
cult or laborious:
dodder, falter, hob-
ble, limp, lumber, plod, shamble, shuf-
e, stagger, stumble, totter, trudge, slog,
drunken:
stagger, falter, blunder forward,
careen, totter
fours, on all:
crab
graceful:
with feline grace, with the grace of
a porteuse, with calculated grace
group:
parade, march, 
le out, tramp, troop,
swarm, 
ood, spill out, be borne along
by the crowd
military march:
goose-step
show o
swagger, strut, peacock
Z9241i_W.indd 660
5/25/10 12:28:07 PM
operation, confrontation, engagement, cru-
sade. Deaths feast.Ž„George Herbert. A
passion play performed by idiots.Ž„Wil-
liam Corum. A biological necessity of the
rst order.Ž„Friedrich von Bernhardi. 
at
attractive rainbow that rises in showers of
blood.Ž„Abraham Lincoln. 
e most suc-
cessful of our cultural traditions.Ž„Robert
Ardrey. Only a cowardly escape from the
problems of peace.Ž„
omas Mann.
.
peace, friendship, accord, harmony. \b\b  
\f\b,   , , , \r-
\r\b, , \t, \f\r\b , \r \b,
\b
aircra
, unmanned spy:
drone, Global
Hawk, Predator
attack, intense, all-out:
blitzkrieg, sweep
attack or action:
ensive
cease
re:
armistice, truce, peace treaty
chemical and biological agents:
anthrax,
botulinum, cs (tear gas), cyclosarin
(nerve agent), ricin, sarin (nerve agent),
sulfur mustard (blister agent), tabun
(nerve agent), VX (nerve agent)
maneuvers
god of:
Mars, Ares
holy:
jihad, crusade
nuclear attck to prevent enemy nations
nuclear attack:
preemptive strike
operation:
campaign
presence of military force in control of an-
others nation:
occupation
pretext for or provocation:
casus belli, act
of war
referring to:
martial
ruining an area before returning it to the
enemy:
scorched earth policy
science of organization, procurement, de-
ter child, dependent, minor, protege, incom-
petent.
warden
Z9241i_W.indd 661
5/25/10 12:28:07 PM
amiable, warmhearted, hospitable, amorous.
. 1. cold, freezing, cool, chilled, frigid. 2.
indi
erent, apathetic, lukewarm, cool. 3. cold,
unfriendly, cool, hostile.
warmhearted
warm, friendly, genial, cordial,
ectionate, nice, loving, heartfelt, amiable,
Z9241i_W.indd 662
5/25/10 12:28:07 PM
ered, anorexic, deathly. 2.
Sl.
*high, *buzzed,
intoxicated, *baked, *fried, *loaded, *out of
it, *stoned, *tripping.
. 1. healthy, robust.
2. sober.
wasteful
prodigal, extravagant, lavish, spend-
thri
, improvident, excessive, immoderate,
free-spending, overgenerous, penny-wise
and pound-foolish.
. thri
y, economical,
frugal.
wasteland
waste, tundra, dust bowl, desert,
badlands, *Devils backyard, *Devils garden,
barrens, wilderness.
wastrel
spendthri
, prodigal, waster, free-
spender, good-for-nothing.
watch
1. \b\t  lookout, surveillance,
eye, sharp eye, weather eye, attention, obser-
vance, vigil, supervision, inspection, guard-
ing, sentry. 2.  \b \b\f\b wristwatch, chro-
terloo, Belgium in 1815.
We were afraid that
the match against the crosstown team would
prove to be our Waterloo.
. defeat, down-
Z9241i_W.indd 663
5/25/10 12:28:08 PM
wave
1. \r\b swing, sway, oscillate, rip-
ple, 
utter, 
ap, waggle, shake, move to and
fro, move back and forth, rise and fall. 2.
 \r gesture, gesticulate, *
ag down, ac-
knowledge.
waver
1. \t\f \r\r\b go back and forth, blow
hot and cold, *wa
e, *see-saw, be irresolute,
dilly-dally, 
ip- op, 
uctuate, equivocate,
hem and haw, be indecisive. 2.   sway,
move to and fro, move back and forth, wob-
ble, wave, shake, oscillate, 
utter, 
ap.
. 1.
make up ones mind, be resolute, decide one
way or another.
wavy
rolling, curling, snaking, serpentine,
sinuous, undulating, curved, curvilinear,
rippling, winding.
. level, \b
at.
grow, enlarge, increase, expand, build,
swell, develop, spread, intensify, magnify,
strengthen, brighten.
. wane, decrease,
diminish.
way
1. \b\n mode, style, technique, form,
practice, usage, approach, course, system,
manner, procedure. 2.  \b\f  route,
course, path, tack, bearing, approach, course,
passage, track, trail, road, lane, access, entry.
3. \b personality, characteristic man-
ner, behavior, custom, habit. 4.  \r\r wish,
desire, demand, choice.
wayfarer
traveler, roamer, rover, hitchhiker,
walker, wanderer, nomad, dri
er, gadabout.
wayfaring
hiking, hitchhiking, walking, trav-
eling, roaming, roving, wandering, dri
ing,
nomadic, on the move.
waylay
ambush, attack, lie in wait, entrap, en-
snare, surprise, take by surprise, ambuscade.
wayward
1.  \b \b headstrong, rebel-
lious, de
ant, nonconforming, contrary, will-
ful, delinquent, incorrigible, stubborn, obsti-
nate, bullheaded, unmanageable, ungovern-
able, refractory. 2. \b \f\r\b erratic,
ckle, capricious, changeable, unstable, im-
pulsive, unsteady.
. 1. obedient, compliant,
deferential. 2. predictable, stable, steady.
weak
1. \b\b\r\b powerless, frail, enervated,
impotent, limp, faint, 
accid, ine
ectual, ex-
hausted, anemic, worn out, spent, sickly, de-
bilitated, un
t, out of shape, in
rm, emascu-
lated. 2. \r\r  \b\r\r \b cow-
ardly, fainthearted, faint of heart, spineless,
mousy, wishy-washy, weak-kneed, irresolute,
*wimpy, timid, timorous. 3.   dim-wit-
Z9241i_W.indd 664
5/25/10 12:28:08 PM
and arrow. \b\b , , \r\r\b, ,
  \r\b, \t, \f\r\b , 
weaponry
\b\b \b
wear
1. \f\r\n  clothes, dress, apparel, garb,
attire, formal wear, evening wear, sportswear.
2. \b\b   decay, erosion, wear and
tear, corrosion, decomposition.
wear
1.  put on, dress in, be clothed in,
t out, attire, slip on. 2. \b\b \b de-
cay, erode, corrode, decompose, abrade, tat-
ter, fall apart, degenerate, rub down, grow
threadbare, weather, fray. 3.  \r show,
put on, sport. 4.  \b exhaust, fatigue, sap,
drain, overwork, tax.
wearing
tiring, exhausting, fatiguing, taxing,
draining, sapping, strenuous, laborious, ar-
duous, wearisome, hard.
. invigorating,
energizing.
wearisome
tiring, tiresome, exhausting, fa-
tiguing, taxing, draining, sapping, strenu-
ous, laborious, arduous, hard, tedious, bor-
ing, monotonous, humdrum, *ho-hum.
.
invigorating, energizing, stimulating.
weary
weaponry - weighty
Z9241i_W.indd 665
5/25/10 12:28:08 PM
backbreaking, onerous, taxing. 3. -
 consequential, signi
cant, serious,
uential, valuable, important, powerful,
momentous, crucial, critical, life or death.
4. \r\b \r powerful, forceful, persua-
sive, having clout.
. 1. light, airy, light
as a feather. 2. easy, e
ortless, simple. 3. un-
important, insigni\n
cant, inconsequential. 4.
powerless, unconvincing.
dam, milldam, fence, 
shtrap.
weird
bizarre, strange, odd, fantastic, un-
earthly, otherworldly, alien, supernatural,
mysterious, outlandish, nightmarish, sur-
realistic, Ka$
aesque, peculiar, queer, gro-
tesque, eerie, uncanny, *freaky, unusual.
.
ordinary, conventional, usual, normal.
weirdo
Sl.
oddball, eccentric, character, *space
Z9241i_W.indd 666
5/25/10 12:28:09 PM
Z9241i_W.indd 667
5/25/10 12:28:09 PM
whirlwind
tornado, cyclone, twister, hurri-
cane, typhoon, *blow.
whisk
1. \n sweep, 
ick. 2. \b whip. 3.
\t\b # \f\r whip, dart, hurry, rush, hasten.
whiskers
bristles, beard, sideburns, *
ve
oclock shadow, stubble, hair. \b\b \b,
\f\n\b
whiskey
liquor, alcohol, *hard stu
, spirits,
rewater, drink, booze, *moonshine, *rotgut,
scotch, rye, bourbon, *sauce, *tarantula juice.
whisper
1. \n\n\b \t \f\b murmur, mutter,
undertone, so
voice, mumble, sigh, con
dential tone, conspiratorial tone. 2. \b\f\b
rumor, gossip, con
dence, insinuation. 3.
  \b sigh, sough, breath.
. 1. roar,
bellow, shout.
whisper
murmur, mutter, speak in an under-
tone, speak so
ly, mumble, speak con
tially, speak in a conspiratorial tone, breathe,
intimate, con
de.
. roar, bellow, shout.
whistle
pipe, 
ute, trill, toot, blow.
whit
bit, jot, iota, speck, grain, pinch, mite,
atom, particle.
white
1. \r \n-\f\r\b alabaster, argent,
blond, bone, chalk, columbine, dove, egg-
shell, ivory, milk, oyster, pearl, platinum,
snow, snowy, hoary, albino. 2. \r\b blanched,
bleached, wan, pallid,
sickly, bloodless. 3.
\f\f  light-skinned, fair.
. 1. black,
dark, ebony. 2. rosy, ruddy, red.
whiten
bleach, blanch, fade.
whitewash
gloss over, cover up, smooth over,
conceal, tone down, so
-pedal, palliate.
whittle
carve, cut, shave, pare, slash, shape,
sculpt, reduce, decrease.
whiz
1. \n \r\b buzz, hum, whir, drone, hiss.
Sl.
\b\b wizard, crackerjack, master,
prodigy, ace, virtuoso, pro, *whiz kid, genius.
whiz
buzz, hiss, hum, whir, drone.
whole
total, sum total, aggregate, all, entirety.
whole
whirlwind - widget
Z9241i_W.indd 668
5/25/10 12:28:09 PM
widow
widower, surviving spouse, dowager.
width
breadth, wideness, broadness, girth,
quest, legacy, testament, last will and testa-
ment, dispensation.
will
widow - wind
Z9241i_W.indd 669
5/25/10 12:28:10 PM
Asian wind accompanied by heavy rain:
monsoon
breeze that ripples waters surface:
cats paw
debris knocked down by:
dry, desert wind of west coast of Africa:
har-
mattan
dry:
foehn
force source:
Coriolis force
god of:
Aeolus
Hawaii, light, consistent wind of:
wind
high-speed, high-altitude wind:
Z9241i_W.indd 670
5/25/10 12:28:10 PM
wing it
v. Sl.
improvise, ad lib.
wink
blink, bat an eyelid, nictitate.
winner
victor, champion, *champ, medal-
ist, gold medalist, *number one, titleholder,
*top dog, conqueror, vanquisher.
. loser,
failure, *also-ran.
winning
charming, attractive, delightful,
pleasing, enchanting, bewitching, captivat-
telligent, smart, *brainy, shrewd, astute, dis-
cerning, sharp, savvy, enlightened, under-
standing. 2.
Sl.
\b\n smart-mouthed, im-
pudent, *smart-alecky, insolent, impertinent,
*sassy, disrespectful, 
ippant, 
ip.
. 1. ig-
norant, inexperienced, stupid, uninformed,
foolish. 2. respectful, polite, deferential.
wiseacre
*wise guy, *wiseass, *smart-ass,
*smartaleck, know-it-all, *wisenheimer.
wisecrack
joke, dig, gibe, 
ippant remark,
Z9241i_W.indd 671
5/25/10 12:28:10 PM
angry glance:
evil eye
animal used as companion or helper to
witch:
familiar
aphrodisiac:
love potion
appeal to conjure up a god or spirit:
invo-
cation
bewitchment:
spell, enchantment
black magic, practices:
sorcerer, sorceress
bon
re used in Wiccan rituals:
book of notes on spells, Medieval:
grimoire
book of Wiccan spells and rituals:
Book of
Shadows
bringing in of new witch to coven:
initiation
broomstick, old term for witchs:
bune
wand
burn incense or sage to cleanse air of neg-
ative energy:
smudge
burning bundle of incense or sage used to
cleanse negative energy:
smudgestick
calling of spirits:
evocation
candle of human fat used to locate buried
treasure:
magick candle
casting of spell:
bewitchment, spellbinding
cat serving as witch companion:
malkin
Catholic Churchs mass killing of witch-
es in Middle Ages:
the Burning Time;
witch hunt
colored lighting used in modern witch-
cra
to heal:
chromotherapy
clockwise motion bringing positive energy,
in Wicca:
cord knotted 13 times for counting chants,
Wiccan:
witchs ladder
cord used by Wiccans for measuring cir-
cles and binding:
cingulum
cult activity involving black magic in me-
dieval times:
occulta
coven leader:
high priest or priestess
cup for rituals:
chalice
curse:
imprecation, hex
curse against another witch:
anathema
dead, divining future by communicating
with the:
necromancy
dog, ability to turn oneself into a:
cynan-
thropy
elixir:
potion
entrails of animals, divining future by
reading:
haruspicy
evil in
uences through ritual, ridding of:
banishing ritual
evil purposes, any magic used for:
black
magic; black art
festival held in Spring, Wiccan:
Beltane
re festival of Wiccans celebrating goddess
of fertility and horned god:
Candlemas
y, poisonous Medieval potion made of
hemlock and belladonna enabling
witch to:
ying ointment
gi
of Wiccans to goddess or horned god:
ering
group of witches:
coven
healing herb:
mugwort
healing ritual with sick person seated in
center, Wiccan:
circle healing
wort
independently of others, witch who prac-
tices:
solitary
invocation of misfortune:
curse
Z9241i_W.indd 672
5/25/10 12:28:11 PM
restrain someone through a magical spell:
bind
reverse a spell, used to:
counterspell, coun-
tercharm
Satan worship with sorcery:
diabolism
Z9241i_W.indd 673
5/25/10 12:28:11 PM
angels.Ž„Honore de Balzac. [One who] has
to be twice as good as a man to go half as far.Ž„
Fannie Hurst.
womanizer
Don Juan, Casanova, *skirt-chas-
er, lecher, *wolf, *ladies man, stud, playboy,
*make-out artist, Lothario, heartbreaker.
womanly
womanish, feminine, matronly, la-
dylike, motherly, sisterly, so
, gentle, tender.
. manly, male.
wonder
1.  \n\b amazement, won-
derment, awe, fascination, enchantment,
surprise. 
e root of knowledge.Ž„Abra-
ham Heschel. 
e seed of our science.Ž„
Ralph Waldo Emerson. 2. \t\b\r miracle,
phenomenon, spectacle, curiosity, rarity,
sight, *mind-blower, *mind-boggler, oddity,
freak occurrence, freak of nature.
wonder
1. \t\b\r be awestruck, be fascinat-
ed, gawk, gape, stare saucer-eyed, disbelieve
ones eyes, be amazed, be astonished, be
stunned. 2.  \b \f  question, pon-
der, think about, speculate, doubt, deliber-
ate, puzzle over, meditate.
wonderful
1. \t\b\r amazing, astonish-
ing, awesome, fascinating, unbelievable, mi-
raculous, spectacular, curious, odd, *freaky.
2. \b\f\b\r\r\b great, extraordinary, terri
fantastic, fabulous, superb, sensational, 
rst-
rate, out of the ordinary, *out of this world.
. 1. *ho-hum, common, ordinary. 2. ter-
rible, awful, lousy.
wonderment
amazement, astonishment, fas-
cination, curiosity, wonder, awe, surprise,
spectacle, sensation, sight, rarity, marvel,
*mind-blower, *mind-boggler.
woo
court, seek, coax, pursue, persuade, ca-
jole, urge, *curry favor, *butter up.
wood
lumber, timber, board, plank, beam,
rewood, kindling, slat.
woodcutter
lumberjack, logger, sawyer.
wooden
sti
, rigid, awkward, graceless, for-
mal, tense, expressionless, blank, stony, dull,
lifeless.
. loose, limber, relaxed, informal,
expressive.
woodland
woods, forest, timberland, bush,
Words are loaded pistols.Ž„Jean-Paul Sar-
tre. 
e souls ambassadors.Ž„James How-
ell. 
e dress of thoughts; which should no
more be presented in rags, tatters, and dirt,
than your person should.Ž„Lord Chester-
eld. 2. \b report, communication, an-
nouncement, communique, dispatch, bul-
Z9241i_W.indd 674
5/25/10 12:28:11 PM
recall word on tip of ones tongue, inabil-
ity to:
Z9241i_W.indd 675
5/25/10 12:28:12 PM
with trepidation, gnaw at, perturb, 
ll with
dread.
. calm, soothe, reassure.
worsen
Z9241i_W.indd 676
5/25/10 12:28:12 PM
wriggle
wiggle, squirm, jiggle, waggle, worm,
twist, writhe.
wring
1.   squeeze, press, compress,
wrench, choke, throttle, strangle. 2. \b
force, strong-arm, twist ones arm, make, ex-
act, coerce.
wrinkle
1. \f \r\b furrow, ridge, crease,
crimp, pucker, line, rumple, fold, pleat,
crows foot, laugh line, frown line. 2. \b
trick, device, gimmick.
wrinkle
crinkle, furrow, crease, crimp, pucker,
line, rumple, fold, pleat, corrugate, scrunch
up.
writ
order, legal order, legal document, court
order, warrant, injunction, summons, sub-
poena, command.
write
pen, compose, print, jot, scrawl, *scratch
out, scribble, inscribe, *dash o
Z9241i_W.indd 677
5/25/10 12:28:12 PM
X-rated
adult, obscene, pornographic, hard-
core, dirt, blue, carnal, appealing to pruri-
ent interests, nasty, raunchy, graphic.
. G-
rated, innocent, clean.
X-ray
roentgenogram, roentgenograph, ra-
diograph, radiogram, 
uoroscope.
5/25/10 12:28:13 PM
yacht
boat, cruiser, cabin cruiser, pleasure
cra
, vessel.  \b, \t\n\t \f
yahoo
Sl.
brute, *blithering idiot, barbarian,
savage, Neanderthal, *redneck, *clod, *clod-
hopper, *dumb ox, *farmer, *jughead, hick,
yokel, lummox, *nitwit, hillbilly.
talk, chatter, gab, yap, babble, *run on,
jabber, prattle, blather, *blah blah blah.
whine, complain, whimper, moan,
gripe, grumble.
yank
jerk, pull, tug, plucking, wrenching, ex-
traction, grab.
yank
jerk, pull, tug, pluck, wrench, extract, grab.
yard
lawn, property, grounds, lot, plot, court,
courtyard, gardens, patio, quad, garth, en-
closure, compound.
yardstick
measuring rod, measure, standard,
test, gauge, guide, guideline, touchstone,
benchmark, criterion.
story, tale, fairy tale, fable, narrative, \r
tion, *\r
sh story, adventure, myth, legend.
yaw
swing, pitch, swerve, roll, veer, deviate,
wheel, go o
course.
yearn
desire, long for, want, crave, hunger for,
thirst for, pine for, hanker for, ache for, wish.
yearning
desire, longing, want, need, craving,
hunger, thirst, hankering, ache, wish, *yen,
fancy.
years
cry, bark, yip, yap, squeal, howl, shout.
desire, longing, want, hunger, appetite,
thirst, yearning, craving, hankering, urge,
itch, passion.
. aversion, revulsion.
yeoman
assistant, attendant, servant, subor-
Z9241i_Y.indd 679
5/25/10 12:28:15 PM
position of curling upper body up and
backward while lying on 
oor:
cobra
position of raising straightened legs o
oor while face down:
locust
positions:
asanas
retreat where yoga is taught or practiced:
ashram
scriptures:
sutras
teacher or spiritual guide:
guru, swami
1.   harness, collar, coupling. 2.  -
\f servitude, subjection, enslavement.
link, couple, bond, join, pair, unite,
harness.
country bumpkin, rustic, farmer, hick,
hayseed, clodhopper, *Okie, hillbilly, *sod-
buster, yahoo, *one who just fell o
the tur-
nip truck.
yonder
yon, faraway, away, beyond, distant,
remote, further.
. near, close, here.
young
children, o
spring, litter, babies, progeny.
young
immature, undeveloped, un\r
nished,
growing, youthful, tender, fresh, newborn,
infantile, 
edgling, childish, juvenile, teen-
age, adolescent, pubescent, school-age, boy-
ish, girlish, junior, new, untested, unprac-
ticed, unseasoned, unhardened, inexperi-
enced, naive.
. mature, developed, old,
experienced, adult, aged.
youngster
baby, infant, toddler, tot, child,
boy, girl, schoolboy, schoolgirl, youth, kid,
adolescent, teenager, minor.
youth
1. \t\n infancy, preschool
years, school years, young years, teens, ad-
olescence, pubescence, puberty, minority,
developing years. Lifes morning march.Ž„
omas Campbell. 
e glad season of
life.Ž„
Z9241i_Y.indd 680
5/25/10 12:28:15 PM
Sl.
full-
gured, shapely, buxom, round-
ed, rotund.
zany
foolish, crazy, silly, comical, ludicrous,
*loony, hilarious, uproarious, *goofy, *nutt,
slapstick, *madcap, funny.
. somber, se-
rious.
[ZEEL] great passion, enthusiasm.
His
zeal for reform was contagious.
. passion,
enthusiasm, ardor, fervor, drive, fanaticism,
zest, intensity, devotion, gusto, spirit, 
re,
earnestness.
. indi erence, apathy, disin-
terest.
zealot
fanatic, enthusiast, devotee, extremist,
radical, *nut, champion, disciple, dogmatist,
believer, *crackpot.
ZEALOUS
[ZEL us] enthusiastic, passionate.
He was a zealous supporter of gun control.
. enthusiastic, passionate, devoted, fer-
vent, fanatical, radical, eager, intense, rabid,
impassioned, vehement, earnest, *gung-ho.
. indi
erent, apathetic, uncaring.
Zen
Buddhism, quest for enlightenment, med-
itation.
zenith
high point, summit, pinnacle, top, peak,
height, apex, acme, apogee, maximum, crown,
culmination.
. bottom, low point, nadir.
zephyr
gentle breeze, gentle wind, west wind.
 \b\t
zeppelin
dirigible, blimp.
zero
nothing, naught, *goose egg, *zip, noth-
ingness, *thin air, *zilch, blank, *nobody,
nonentity.
zero hour
crisis point, turning point, cross-
roads, pivotal moment, appointed hour, *D-
day, climax, moment of truth, *crunch time.
zest
1. \n \f\r relish, zing, piquancy, spice,
zip, *pizzazz. 2.  enjoyment, pleasure,
*kick, spirit, liveliness, elation, excitement,
eagerness.
. 2. boredom, apathy.
1. \b whiz, whistle, whine, hum. 2. -
Z9241i_Z.indd 681
5/25/10 12:24:04 PM
Become a
Fuel your passion for writing with the Writers Digest VIP Program. Youll
convenience and immediacy of the Web to create a state-of the-art learning
Z9241i_Z.indd 682
5/25/10 12:24:04 PM
AMAZINGLY COMPREHENSIVE:
400,000+ synonyms, antonyms, and highlighted vocabulary builders
PACKED WITH EXCLUSIVE FEATURES:
A unique Word Find reverse dictionary, hundreds of notable quotations,
and easy cross-referencing terms throughout
HIGHLY TOUTED:
Here we have a word 
nder that re
ects the
grandeur of the English language.Ž
„R L\b\b\b, author of
Anguished English
and
Get 
ee to a Punnery
4th Edition
4th Edition
VOCABULARY BUILDERS, AND REVERSE LOOKUPS!
Rogets Super 
esaurus
is a perennial favorite among writers, and this latest edition has
more than 1,000 new and expanded entries. 
is time-saving reference will help you
nd the perfect synonym or antonym to give your writing precision and color. From
aback
to
, youll 
nd the exact word you need.
Easy to use and comprehensive in content,
Rogets Super 
esaurus
includes these
unique features:
reverse dictionary
sample sentences
enlightening quotes
more that 400,000 synonyms and antonyms
e next time that elusive, just-right word or phrase is on the tip of your tongue, reach
for
Rogets Super 
esaurus.
With more features than any other word reference, its a
must-have for every writers desk!
AUSTERE
[aw STEER] severe, stern, or plain in ap-
9781582979991
Z9241
ISBN-10: 1-58297-999-5
6/2/10 4:33:49 PM

Приложенные файлы

  • pdf 10972035
    Размер файла: 6 MB Загрузок: 0

Добавить комментарий