4. Present Simple


Present SimpleI
We
You
They V He
She
It Vs
Do I
we
you
they V? Does he
she
it V?
I
We
You
They don’t V. He
She
It doesn’t V.
The Present Simple is used
1. to express a habit or when we talk about things that happen on a regular basis.
Usually muggers attack people in the streets.
2. to express a fact which is always true.
Criminals don’t obey laws.
3. to express a fact which is true for a long time (permanent situation).
She works in a bank.
4. to express an action with a future meaning (timetables, programmes).
The plane for Glasgow leaves at 10.05 on Tuesday morning.
Indicators of time:
Never; rarely; not often; sometimes; often; usually; always; every night/ week/ month/etc.e.g. Burglars usually break in so-called “burglar-friendly” houses.
I. Complete the sentences with the verbs given, using the Present
Simple:
a. The police … (to investigate) crimes.
b. The judge … (to sentence) people.
c. Prisoners … (to live) in cells.
d. The jury … (to decide) if someone is innocent or guilty.
e. Barristers … (to defend) people and … (to present) evidence.
f. Criminals … (to commit) crimes.
g. When someone … (to break) the law the police … (to try) to find
out who is responsible.
h. The defendant … (to provide) facts to show something is true.
i. Shoplifters … (to steal) things from shops.
j. The manslaughter is that who … (to kill) somebody by accident.
k. Policemen … (to carry) guns.
l. People … (to install) a burglar alarm so that to protect their property.
II. Make up questions to the following sentences and answer them correcting the statements:
a. An arsonist steals from shops while acting as an ordinary customer.
b. Offenders always break the law.
c. A shoplifter sets fire to property illegally.
d. Stowaways buy and sell drugs illegally.
e. A bigamist takes control of a plane by force and makes the pilot change course.
f. A traitor gets secret information from another country, organization or person.
g. A drug – dealer hides on a ship or plane to get a free journey.
h. Hijackers marry illegally, being married already.
i. Accomplices help a criminal in a criminal act.
j. A forger runs away from the army.
k. Spies betray his or her country to another state.
l. A deserter makes counterfeit money or signatures.
III. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple and translate the sentences from English into Russian:
a. Unlike the police in most of the world, British police … (not to carry) guns.
b. The ordinary policemen still … (to wear) helmets though officers … (to have) caps, but the popularity of the police with general public has declined.
c. Surveys … (to show) that people … (to prefer) this kind of policing, even if it … (not to catch) so many serious criminals.
d. This problem … (to concern) the conduct of all our courts.
e. Magistrates are volunteers who … (to work) at other jobs and … (to sit) in the courts for, say, two days.
f. Nevertheless more thefts, more violence, more vandalism, more fraud … (to exist) than did the years ago.
g. Also some crime … (to become) suddenly fashionable.
h. Not anybody … (to know) whether it really happened rarely or whether people who had been robbed hesitated to come to the police station.
i. It is generally considered to be an activity which … (to make) money for lawyers rather than anything else.
j. On the other hand, the British unlike the Americans … (not to spend) their time suing each other.
k. It … (to decide) how you may distribute your goods when you die, … (to impose) limits on how fast you may drive your car, … (to say) what breeds of dogs you may own.
l. Ministers … (to change) their minds, of course, about emergency regulations. It … (not to affect) law.m. Secondly, it … (to stop) “law by decree” in which someone with power, either political or administrative … (to claim) that this or that is a good idea and should therefore be enacted.
IV. Fill in the gaps with the most appropriate verbs in the Present Simple (each verb should be used only once) and translate the text from English into Russian:
The instance in which speech may be punished 1)… where the speech 2)… the ability of the judicial system to operate. The administration of law 3)… the ability of a court system to operate impartially. The publisher of a newspaper which 4)… to influence the judge or jury in a particular case may be punished for contempt of court. This 5)… that a judge is free from criticism. Newspapers in the United States 6)… great freedom to comment on a pending trial. A majority of the Supreme Court 7)… the view that a newspaper is free to attack a court so long as that attack 8)… an “imminent threat to the administration of justice”. A court’s decision may be called “outrageous”. And a newspaper which 9)… an unfair report of a pending case and 10)… a judge with being “high handed” and committing a “travesty on justice” was unanimously held by the Supreme Court to be immune from punishment for having said so.
to be, to have, to support, not to constitute, to depend upon, to seek, not to mean, to make, to injure, to charge
V. Translate from Russian into English, using the Present Simple and its indicators:
a. Он старается никогда не нарушать правила при управлении автомобилем: пользуется ремнём безопасности (to wear seat belt) и не превышает скорость.
b. Карманники крадут деньги и вещи из карманов и сумок людей, как правило, в переполненных общественных местах. Следите за своими вещами.
c. Контрабандисты переправляют через границу запрещённые товары, наркотики и оружие. Они постоянно придумывают самые изощрённые (bewildering) способы перевозки. Таможенной службе не всегда удаётся помешать им.
d. Люди устанавливают сигнализацию в своих домах, квартирах и машинах для того, чтобы уберечь их от взломов и краж. По статистике существуют так называемые “привлекательные для воров” дома и машины. В них воры проникают до пяти раз. Часто люди жалуются на своих шумливых соседей, но нет лучшего способа остановить “домушника” как иметь внимательных и хорошо расположенных к вам соседей.
e. Детективы расследуют преступления и ловят преступников. Они редко отдыхают и поэтому не всегда удачны в личной жизни. Они полностью посвящают себя работе.
f. Закон пронизывает все сферы нашей жизни. Парламентарии стараются совершенствовать законы. Согласно имеющимся данным, британцы считают себя очень законопослушными гражданами.
g. Кроме адвоката обвиняемый имеет ещё одного защитника – суд присяжных. Суд присяжных состоит обычно из 12 человек, и только он решает, виновен обвиняемый или нет. Хотя, конечно, иногда суд присяжных допускает ошибки.

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