Present Perfect, Present Perfect Cont, Past Ind…


Ex. 13. Use Present Perfect I or the Past Indefinite in the following sentences:
1. I never (to see) anyone more beautiful than your wife.
2. I (to meet) your husband this afternoon at Green Street.
He said, "You (to meet) this passenger. He calls himself Major Jones." "I (to speak) to him."
"I (to get) hold of some money — enough for Tony to go off for a couple of years." "You (to raise) all that money by doing your own housework?" "No, of course not." "Milly, what you (to be) up to? What you (to do)?" "I (to sell) the house." "But what's Tony going to say? You (to tell) him?" "Why should he care? He's young." "Why you (not to tell) him?"
5. I said, "Mr Jones (to be) arrested by the police." "My goodness. You don't say. What he (to do)?" "He necessarily (not to do) anything." "He (to see) a lawyer?" "That's not possible here. The police wouldn't allow it."
6. "You (to hear) the news?" "What news?" "About Ted and Dave. They (to be) out on the roof last night and Ted (to slip) and Dave (to try) to hold him but he couldn't and (to be) pulled off too. They're both in hospital with concussion and their people (to be) sent for."
7. I understand you (to have) an unpleasant experience at the week-end? What (to happen) exactly?
You remember the coin you (to find) in the pool?
"Mr Dillon (to arrive), Kate." "Oh, good. You (to find) your way all right then, Mr Dillon? I (not to hear) you ring the bell." "I couldn't find the bell, so I (to knock) instead."
He (to light) a cigarette and (to walk) to the window.
"Can we get dinner here?" "Of course we can. Have you got enough money? I (spent) my last dollar on the taxi.
You (to say) just now that time (to be) everything. What you (to mean) by that?
13.As we got into the taxi my brother asked, "Well, you (to speak) to Harry?" "I (to speak) to him for a moment."14."Hallo," the little girl said to her mother and looked at her companion. "Come and say 'How do you do' to Mr Ogden." "I (to see) him already." "You can't have done, dear. He only just (to arrive) here." "I (to see) him in the hall this afternoon." "I'm sure you didn't. You (to see) my little daughter yet, Mr Ogden?" "I don't think we (to meet) before," said Mr Ogden.
15. "I remember you (to have) three funny little freckles on your nose," he said, "but they (to disappear)."
16. I think I'd better go now. I (to act) wrongly and I in a way (to deceive) you. I'm sorry.
17. "You (to read) 'Winnie the Pooh' by A. A. Milne?" "Yes." "And how you (to tike) it?" "Very much indeed."18.She (to come) into the room and (to lean) over her father's chair and (to kiss) his cheek. "You (to have) a good trip?"You (not to hear) what the pilot (to say)?
At school I (to be) never good at languages, but here I (topick) up a bit of French.
"Good night. It (to be) nice to meet you," he (to say) and (to go) off to his car.
"Poor girl," said Renny looking after her. "Don't pity her! She (to have) her happiness. We all pay for that." "You (to have) yours?" "I (to have) my share." "You (to pay) for it? " "Twice over."
Well, I know what you (to be) through.
"Then what (to happen) to you there?" "Let's forget it. Even now I can't believe I (to do) it."
Ex. 15. Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite:
1.Она была одна, когда вошел ее муж. Он с удивлением оглядел комнату. «Что это?» — спросил он. — «Я переехала». Она улыбнулась ему. — «Дом еще не готов. Ты не можешь этого сделать». —- «Я уже сделала это». 2.Когда Молли вошла в комнату, я сказал: «Я принес мой старый альбом с марками. Вашего мужа я встретил на крыльце. Он попросил меня оставить его вам». 3. «Добрый день, — сказал он. — Можно мне повидать Мэри?» —«Ее здесь нет, — ответила ее мать. — У меня был с ней разговор, который ей не понравился, и она уехала». 4. «Я позвонила доктору», — сказала его сестра, входя в комнату. Когда Роберт пришел в себя, он спросил: «Ты сказала, что позвонила доктору? Останови его, если можно. Я совсем здоров. Я просто не могу себе представить, почему я потерял сознание». 5. «Где он? Я должен его увидеть». — «Он ушел в лес». 6. «Отец внизу?» — «Да». — «Он ходил к Смитам?» — «Да». —«Что сказал м-р Смит?» — «Отец его не видел». 7. Она встала из-за стола. «Я должна пойти запереть калитку. Уже стемнело». 8. «Посмотри, — сказал он, держа по щетке в каждой руке, — что мой двоюродный братец подарил мне! Он оставил их на моем туалетном столике». 9. Мальчик вышел и четким голосом прочитал стишок. Его мать заговорила первой. «Подойди сюда, — сказала она ему. —Кто научил тебя этому?» — «Я сам его придумал», — ответил мальчик. 10. Моей одежды нет в комнате. Они ее унесли. 11.Он сорвал цветок. «Посмотри, что я сделал», — сказал он. — «Зачем ты это сделал?» — «Я не знаю». 12.Что я сделал такого, чтобы так сильно рассердить отца? 13.Затем они все прошли в столовую и заняли свои места за столом. «А брат и я уже завтракали, — вдруг воскликнула Мег, — я совсем забыла». 14. Молли, случилось что-то ужасное. У соседей на крыльце нашли младенца. 15.Говорят, что девушка и ее тетка продали свой домик и уезжают куда-то к родственникам.
Ex. 18. Use the Present Perfect Continuous or Present Perfect II in the following sentences:
1. I (to be) busy since we last met.
2. I'm very fond of Alice but I (not to see) much of her lately.
3."How quickly your mood changes! You look drained." "I (to walk) around all day. I (to have) a few drinks and nothing to eat."
But I (to cook, to clean) and (to dig) for three days and I'm tired.
"I don't think your mother expects you to become an electrician." "What she (to say) to you?" "Nothing."
Imagine how much they (to learn) since they (to be) here.
"Shall we sit down or do you prefer to stand?" "I (to sit) down in my office, so I am quite happy to stand."
8.1 found him waiting downstairs at the house door to let me in. "I'm sorry," I said, "I hope you (not to stand) here long."
9. There (to be) no guests at all since I left?
10.The other chap is a man who threw up his job ten years ago and he (not to work) since.
ll."My son is not a bad boy. But he's going through a difficult phase." "He (to go) through this difficult phase for fifteen years." l2.He's an old friend. I (to know) him for ages.13. You (to see) anything of Mary lately?
14.Do you know of any good books coming out soon? I (not to
read) anything amusing for ages. 15.1 know the names of everyone in the village. I (to live) here all
my life.
"What do you suppose was wrong with the pony that he should go into the ditch?" asked Meg. "He (to go) into the ditch ever since I (to know) him," said the doctor, "and I (to know) him twenty-five years."
Winifred has got a young man she (to have) dates with for ages and she won't tell me anything about him.
Ex. 19. Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of; the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Continuous:
1.Мы с вашим братом говорили сегодня об этом деле. Поэтому я и пришел повидаться с вами.
«Я все думал об этой книге, — сказал он, — и пришел к заключению, что мы не можем ее напечатать».
«Грузовик все еще там?» — «Да. Они уже два часа работают, пытаются сдвинуть его. Но им это еще не удалось».
«Что ты делала, Пэт? Ты вся в земле».
«Ну, ты ведь слышала о Молли, да?» — «Я слышу о ней уже два года».
«Последнее время я замечаю в тебе какие-то изменения».
«Ну как ты?» — «Немного устала. Я весь день скребла стены».
Мальчишке нужна порка. Он уже много месяцев напрашивается на нее.
«Том и я, — сказала она весело, входя в комнату, — так хорошо провели время. Мы смотрели альбомы».
«Я очень доволен тем местом, которое выбрал. Я буду питаться ягодами и рыбой и читать все те книги, которые я давно хотел прочитать». — «А где вы возьмете их?» — «Я привез их с собой».
«Эта больница оказалась очень хорошей для изучения языков, — сказала девушка, — С тех пор как я здесь, я говорю по-французски с двумя докторами и по-немецки с нянями, и я набралась порядочно испанского от одного пациента. Для занятий музыкой тоже. Я практикуюсь каждый день. А последние несколько месяцев я занимаюсь на курсах по истории музыки».
Ex. 20. Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of Present Perfect Continuous II:
Когда они остались одни, она спросила: «Что здесь происходило?»
«А что, если я попрошу Филиппа одолжить мне денег?» — «Попробуй. Он только что с рыбалки. Это подходящий момент».
«Какие у тебя холодные руки, Мэри!— «Да, я сидела у окна и проверяла тетради».
«А вот ты где, Том! А я все искал тебя. Там какой-то молодой человек хочет видеть тебя».
При строгих родителях и двух старших братьях я всегда только и слышал, как кто-нибудь говорил мне: «Филипп, тебе должно быть стыдно».
«Извини, что я опоздал, мама. Мне нужно было поехать в город, и я попал под дождь и промок насквозь. Я переодевался».
«Эй! А где же все?» — «Я сейчас спущусь, — откликнулась Долли. — Я закрывала окна».
Он поблагодарил сестру за подарок и сказал: «Это как раз то, что мне нужно. Все мое шерстяное белье съела моль».
Ex. 21. То practise the Present Perfect Continuous, say what has just been happening to cause the state of things expressed in the following sentences:
His clothes are wet. (to walk in the rain)
You look upset, (to say dreadful things about ...)
I'm so glad to be able to talk to someone, {to have a very dull time)
Why do you think I ought to give up my work? (to talk to the doctor)
You look excited, (to try to talk someone out of doing something)
He is very tired, (to overwork)
The streets are wet. (to rain)
8.1 can't write a loving letter now. (to write too many official papers)
9. The air in the room is hazy, (to smoke a great deal)
Ex. 23. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in questions in the following text:
Are you a soldier by profession?
Yes.
How long you (to be) in the army?
Twenty-five years.
When you (to join) the army?
In 1932.
Where you (to serve) during the war?
First on the territory of Ukraine, then in the Far East.
You (to see) much fighting in Ukraine?
A good deal.
How long you (to remain) there?
For over a year.
Why you (to be) sent to the Far East?
I (to be) wounded.
What sort of wound it (to be)?
A bullet through the shoulder.
How. many times you (to be) wounded during the war?
Three times.
They (to be) serious wounds?
Rather.\
When you (to be) wounded the last time?
In 1945.
How you (to feel) since the army? —- Not very strong.
Why you (not to leave) the army?
I can't imagine my life outside the army.
Where you (to serve) lately?
In the Caucasus mostly. The climate there suits my health.
Ex. 24. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in the following questions:
l. I’ll drink tea from this tin mug." "Wherever you (to find) it?" 2. "What you (to hear)?" she demanded. "A farmer tells me he saw your brother walking back to the town." "Why he (not to tell) us?" "He thought we knew." 3.The parrot screamed a few words in Hindi. "Where he (to learn) that?" my aunt asked me.4.He showed her inside the house. "Oh, how lovely!" she exclaimed. "I had no idea it would be so lovely. Why you (not to tell) us? And you (to do) it all by yourself?" "Yes." "How you (to manage) it? It's so tidy. And the new tea-set! When you (to buy) it?"5. When Renny came in, his grandmother asked him: "Where you (to be) all day?"6. What sort of time you (to have) in France?" "A lot of things happened there." 7. "Everyone in the village will talk about it." "How this affair (to begin)?"8. "How many children you (to teach) in that other family?" the girl asked her new governess. "Not many. Just one girl." "How long you (to stay) with her?" 9. Then my mother asked me: "Why you (to go) to the post-office today?"
Ex. 26. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in the following sentences which contain an indication of a period of time:
1."Listen," he said, "my father (to fight) for four years in the last war." 2. I (to meet) your boy-friend and (to have) a long talk with him today. 3. "Don't go, Philip," said his mother. "I scarcely (to see) you today." 4."Good morning, Mother," he said kissing the top of her head, "you (to sleep) late this morning." 5.1 was at school with Alec. Then we (not to see) each other for years. 6.I (to have) coffee with a friend of yours at the Union today. 7. I'm taking my wife out tonight. She (not to have) any fun for a long time. 8."Has Meggie eaten her tea?" "No. Not a bite. Nor dinner either." "Why, this is awful. The child (not to have) a bite all day." 9. Unsmiling she (to regard) him steadily for a long time. He then stopped walking about and looked equally steadily at her. 10.I dare say you (not to have) a night's sleep or a proper meal this week. 11. Entering her bedroom her mother said: "Pat, dear, aren't you well? Don't you think that a cup of tea would be nice? We (to have) the first strawberries this morning." 12."You (to see) Father this afternoon?" she asked coming in from the garden. 13. You are just in time to hear a nice bit of news. Our neighbour is engaged to be married. He (to bring) me the news himself this morning. 14. "I'm sorry I'm late," he said. "Everything (to seem.) to hold me up this evening."
Ex. 27. Make up situations to justify the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite in the following pairs of sentences containing an indication of a period of time:
1.I haven't read the paper this morning. I didn't read the paper this morning.
2.We haven't seen them for years. We didn't see them for years.
He hasn't gone to bed for two days. He didn't go to bed for two days.
He has been a teacher for ten years. He was a teacher for ten years.
5. I've had a letter from him today. I had a letter from him today.
Have you seen him this afternoon? Did you see him this afternoon?
We haven't corresponded for months. We didn't correspond for months.
He has called me up from London three times this week. He called me up from London three times this week.
9. I’ve met them both this afternoon. I met them both this afternoon.
Ex. 28. Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite in sentences containing an indication of a period of time:
«Вы не можете мне сказать, уехала ли мисс Смит лондонским поездом сегодня утром?» — спросил он у начальника станции. — «Нет. Она опоздала на него».
Они проговорили около двух часов, и затем он сказал, что ему надо повидать кое-кого из друзей.
З.Его мать умерла. Она долго работала учительницей.
Послушай-ка, Джон, твоя хозяйка говорит, что ты сегодня лежишь целый день в постели. Это ведь не годится, правда?
Она удивилась, увидев его. «Разве ты не получил мое письмо?» — «Твое письмо? Нет». — «Да, конечно, ты еще не мог его получить. Я забыла. Оно было отправлено только сегодня утром».
6.Она резко повернулась к мужу и сказала: «Я отгоню машину домой». — «Но ведь ты не водила машину много месяцев», — возразил он. — «Я еще не забыла, как это делается».
Мы все трое пошли вместе по улице. В течение некоторого времени все молчали.
«Дядя Том приезжает, — объявила Мег. — Мама получила от него письмо сегодня утром».
На этой неделе у меня едва было время, чтобы просмотреть газету.
«Тебе следует пойти навестить Вилли, — сказала она. — Ты не видел его три недели. Вы поссорились?»
Они долго сидели рядом. Джек первым нарушил молчание.
Ex. 29. Make up situations to justify the use of the Present Continuous and the Present Perfect Continuous in the following pairs of sentences:
We're having a good laugh over everything.
We've been having a good laugh over everything.
I'm doing it just this way.
I've been doing it just this way.
What is going on in here?
What has been going on in here?
He is saying funny things about you.
He has been saying funny things about you.
What are you doing!
What have you been doing !I'm wondering if you just dislike me.
I’ve been wondering if you just dislike me.
7.She is accusing me of things.
She has been accusing me of things.
8.He is behaving very well.
He has been behaving very well.
Ex. 30. Use the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect Continuous in the following sentences:
"There's a man sitting at the first table near the door. He (to look) at us," she said. "He is, but what of it?" "I (to meet) him everywhere of late."
Ever since my University days I (to study) the history of Russia. Now I {to read) books on the Civil War.
3.1 know you (to ask) for somebody with experience on your staff. There is a doctor in our laboratory who might interest you. But he now (to finish) an experiment."I (to visit) with friends." "How long you (to stay) with your friends?"
The door was opened by Mrs Pitt. "Well, well, you're just in time. I (to make) some cakes. And your father (to have) breakfast."
"Where's my daughter?" "She (to talk) to a policeman." "What's happened?" "She (to drive) without a license."
"I hope you (to do) well?" "Splendid. I was very sorry that you left us. We (to do) better ever since."
"Hello," she said. "I'm glad you (to have) lunch here. I (to , want) to talk to you."
"We (to stay) here nearly a week." "I hope you (not to think) of leaving."
10. "The girl (to wait) to see you, doctor." "How long she (to wait)?"
Ex. 31. Explain the use of Present Perfect III in the following sentences:
l.I'm tidying up for tomorrow. When I've finished this I'll go and put the child to bed. 2. As soon as we have had some tea, John, we shall go to inspect your garden. 3.1 said, "Well, don't take him away until I've had a chance to
speak to him." 4. After -we've done all the packing it will be nice to have a light meal. 5.1 shall probably bore you to death by the time I've finished talking about myself. 6.1 tell you flatly that unless something has been done about
your brother I won't go-to that house. 7. With a shrug she said: "Their affair will fade into nothing before he's been here a week."
Ex. 32. Use the Present Perfect or the Present Indefinite in the following clauses of time referring to the future:
1.All right. I'll come down when I (to put) on a fresh collar. 2. When he (to be) off duty he'll go there. 3."I must know where they are and I shall not rest till I (to see) them again," he thought. 4."No more," she said to the dog, "but when I (to finish) you may have the bone." 5.Go on with your picture. We'll have a look at it when we (to return) from the party. 6. "I'll hand the book over when I (to read) it," he said. 7."Has he gone?" she asked as soon as her sister entered. "No. He refuses to go till he (to see) you." 8.I will not leave you till we (to talk) this thing out. 9. Nobody knows we are here. We may stay here till we (to die). 10. You won't think so when you (to see) a bit more of it. 11.I'll lock the door when you (to go). 12. When I (to wake) I'll go for a swim. 13.I know that when she (to refuse) to help him he'll make some scene.14. I'll come when my guests (to go). 15. Please don't start watching TV till we (to have) supper.
16.You'll find it lonely here after the sun (to set). 17. Look, call him up again when he (to finish) eating.
18."You'll find," said Ted, "that you'll long for home when you (to leave) it." 19.I'll keep it with me till we (to decide) what is to be done with it. 20."I'll give you some paper and brushes and let you make a picture when we (to ask) your mother," she said to the girl.

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