UNIT 9 Past Simple Рогозина


UNIT 9
22860144145
pASt simple
I. LISTENING AND READING
51435-78740Listen to the text
41910-132080Read and translate the text
DINNER DISASTER
-300990184785
-2533651067435 Mr. and Mrs. Smith both loved cooking. Mr. Smith also wanted a better job in his company. They decided it was time for a dinner party. Mr. Smith phoned his new boss Mr. Plummer and invited him and his wife to dinner on Friday night.
-262890715010 On Friday afternoon, Mr. and Mrs. Smith spent a long time cooking a delicious dinner. They prepared fresh salmon, filled with prawns and chilli. They laid the table with silver candles and bottles of wine.
Then, they got ready. Mrs. Smith put on a black evening dress and Mr. Smith wore his best suit. Everything was perfect.
-3009901475105-281940170180The Plummers arrived on time at eight o'clock. "Let's have a drink!" said Mr. Smith. They all went into the dining room. Then they saw the table and they were horrified. The main plate was empty. The salmon had gone!
Mrs. Smith burst into tears. "Don't worry, love! We can still have fish!" and Mr. Smith rushed out of the house.
2204085852805 He ran to the Fish and Chip shop down the road and bought four portions of fish and chips. The great British takeaway! And they all had a lovely evening. So did their pet cat ...II. VOCABULARY
both [bəuθ]
I met Mr and Mrs Smith at a party and I liked both. оба
Я познакомился с М-ром и Миссис Смит на вечеринке, и они мне оба понравились.
cooking ['kukɪŋ]
My sister loves cooking. приготовление пищи
Моя сестра обожает готовить.
job [ʤɔb]
She has a job as a restaurant manager. работа
Она работает менеджером в ресторане.
dinner party ['dɪnə 'pɑːtɪ] званый ужин
to phone [fəun]
Phone me if you have any questions. звонить
Позвоните мне, если у Вас будут какие-либо вопросы.
to invite [ɪn'vaɪt]
How many people did you invite to your birthday party? пригласить
Сколько человек ты пригласил на свой день рождения?
delicious[dɪ'lɪʃəs]
The fruit tasted delicious. восхитительный
Фрукты были восхитительными на вкус.
to prepare [prɪ'pɛə]
The meal took two hours to prepare. приготовить
Приготовление пищи заняло два часа.
fresh salmon [freʃ 'sæmən] свежий лосось
to fill [fɪl]
Let me fill your glass.
food that fills фаршировать, наполнять
Позвольте мне наполнить Ваш стакан.
сытная пища
prawn [prɔːn]
They always order grilled prawns when they come to this restaurant. креветка.
Они всегда заказывают креветки-гриль, когда приходят в этот ресторан.
to lay the table (lay-laid-laid) [leɪ ðiː 'teɪbl] накрыть на стол
silver candles [ˈsɪlvə ˈkændl] свечи в серебряных подсвечниках
wine [waɪn]
I'll have some red wine. вино
Я выпью красного вина.
to get ready [ɡet ˈredɪ] готовиться
to put on [put ɔn] одевать
perfect [ˈpɜː(r)fɪkt]
His English was perfect. идеальный
Он безупречно говорил по-английски.
to arrive [əˈraɪv] at/in
Her parents arrived in America in 1926. приехать, прибыть в
Ее родители прибыли в Америку в 1926.
on time [ɔn taɪm]
The train was on time. вовремя
Поезд прибыл вовремя.
to be horrified [ˈhɔrɪfaɪ] быть в ужасе
main plate [meɪn pleɪt] основное блюдо
empty [ˈemptɪ]
The house seemed empty. пустой
Дом казался нежилым.
to burst into tears [bə:st ˈɪntu tɛəz] разрыдаться
still [stɪl]
We were still cleaning the house when the guests started to arrive. все еще
Мы все еще наводили порядок в доме, когда гости начали прибывать.
to rush [rʌʃ]
A crowd [kraud] of people rushed for the bus. помчаться
Толпа людей устремились к автобусу.
portion [ˈpɔ:ʃən]
We're spending a large portion of our income on entertainment. порция, часть
Мы тратим большую часть нашего дохода на развлечения.
takeaway [ˈteɪkəˌweɪ]
Let's get a takeaway. еда на вынос
Давайте возьмем еду на вынос.
lovely [ˈlʌvlɪ]
They had a lovely evening. прекрасный, замечательный
Они замечательно провели вечер.
III. COMPREHENSION CHECK
1. Answer the questions:
What did Mr. and Mrs. Smith love doing?
What kind of job did Mr. Smith want in his company?
Whom did he call?
Why did he call Mr. Plummer?
What did Mr. and Mrs. Smith do on Friday afternoon?
What did they prepare?
What did they lay the table with?
What dress did Mrs. Smith put on?
What suit did Mr. Smith wear?
What room did they go to after the Plummers arrived?
What did they see?
How did they feel?
How did Mrs. Smith react?
What did Mr. Smith do? Where did he run?
What did he buy in the Fish and Chip shop?
What kind of evening did they all have?
What kind of evening did the Smiths’ pet cat have?
IV. GRAMMAR: The PAST SIMPLE Tense
(простое прошедшее время)
1. употребление pASt SIMPLE
PAST SIMPLE употребляется для обозначения:
регулярных, повторяющихся действий в прошлом
4652010107950
My parents took me to the seaside every summer when I was little.
Мои родители возили меня на море каждое лето, когда я была маленькой.
однократных действий в прошлом
Маркерами Past Simple являются:
обстоятельства времени с … ago – 2 days ago, 5 months ago, a century ago.
обстоятельства времени с … last – last week, last month, last year, last summer.
обстоятельства времени с указанием на тот год, когда произошло действие – in 2005.
-15811560325
Tom married Ann 5 years ago.
Том женился на Энн 5 лет назад.
4613910263525 действий в прошлом, следовавших одно за другим
She got up, went up to the window and looked out.
Она встала, подошла к окну и выглянула из него.
действий в прошлом в специальных вопросах, начинающихся с “when”
37528569850
When did you buy this dress?
Когда ты купила это платье?
2. образование pAST simple
Все глаголы английского языка делятся на правильные и неправильные. Past Simple правильных глаголов в утвердительных предложениях образуется путем прибавления к ним окончания –ed.
Окончание –ed читается как:
[d]
если глагол оканчивается на гласный или звонкий согласный звук
play – played
open - opened [t]
если глагол оканчивается на глухой согласный звук
work – worked
wash - washed [id]
если глагол оканчивается на звук [t] или [d]
decide – decided
translate - translated
Для образования Past Simple в отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях используется вспомогательный глагол did.
число / лицо Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма
1 л. ед. ч.
2 л. ед. ч.
3л. ед. ч.
1 л. мн. ч.
2 л. мн. ч.
3 л. мн. ч. I worked

You worked
He worked
She worked
It worked
We worked
You worked
They worked I did not work
You did not work
He did not work
She did not work
It did not work
We did not work
You did not work
They did not work Did I work?
Did you work?
Did he work?
Did she work?
Did it work?
Did we work?
Did you work?
Did they work?
Past Simple неправильных глаголов необходимо выучить:

Infinitive
Past Indefinite
Participle II
Перевод
to be [biː]
to become [bɪ'kʌm]
to begin [bɪ'gɪn]
to break [breɪk]
to bring [brɪŋ]
to build [bɪld]
to buy [baɪ]
to choose [ʧuːz]
to come [kʌm]
to cost [kɔst]
to do [duː]
to drink [drɪŋk]
to drive [draɪv]
to eat [iːt]
to fall [fɔːl]
to feel [fiːl]
to find [faɪnd]
to fly [flaɪ]
to forget [fə'get]
to get [get]
to give [gɪv]
to go [gəu]
to have [həv]
to hear [hɪə]
to know [nəu]
to learn [lɜːn]
to leave [liːv]
to lose [luːz]
to make [meɪk]
to meet [miːt]
to put [put]
to read [riːd]
to run [rʌn]
to say [seɪ]
to see [siː]
to sell [sel]
to send [send]
to show [ʃəu]
to sit [sɪt]
to sleep [sliːp]
to speak [spiːk]
to spend [spend]
to swim [swɪm]
to take [teɪk]
to teach [tiːʧ]
to tell [tel]
to think [θɪŋk]
to understand [ˌʌndə'stænd]
to write [raɪt] was[wɔz], were [wɜː]
became [bɪ'keɪm]
began [bɪ'gæn]
broke [brəuk]
brought [brɔːt]
built [bɪlt]
bought [bɔːt]
chose [ʧəuz]
came [keɪm]
cost [kɔst]
did [dɪd]
drank [dræŋk]
drove [drəuv]
ate [et]
fell [fel]
felt [felt]
found [faund]
flew [fluː]
forgot [fə'gɔt]
got [gɔt]
gave [geɪv]
went [went]
had [hæd]
heard [hɜːd]
knew [njuː]
learnt [lɜːnt]
left [left]
lost [lɔst]
made [meɪd]
met [met]
put [put]
read [red]
ran [ræn]
said [sed]
saw [sɔː]
sold [səuld]
sent [sent]
showed [ʃəud]
sat [sæt]
slept [slept]
spoke [spəuk]
spent [spent]
swam [swæm]
took [tuk]
taught [tɔːt]
told [təuld]
thought [θɔːt]
understood [ˌʌndə'stud]
wrote [rɔut] been [biːn]
become [bɪ'kʌm]
begun [bɪ'gʌn]
broken ['brəukn]
brought [brɔːt]
built [bɪlt]
bought [bɔːt]
chosen ['ʧəuzn]
come [kʌm]
cost [kɔst]
done [dʌn]
drunk [drʌŋk]
driven ['drɪvn]
eaten ['iːtn]
fallen ['fɔːlən]
felt [felt]
found [faund]
flown [fləun]
forgotten [fə'gɔtən]
got [gɔt]
given [gɪvən]
gone [gɔn]
had [hæd]
heard [hɜːd]
known [nəun]
learnt [lɜːnt]
left [left]
lost [lɔst]
made [meɪd]
met [met]
put [put]
read [red]
run [rʌn]
said [sed]
seen [siːn]
sold [səuld]
sent [sent]
shown [ʃəun]
sat [sæt]
slept [slept]
spoken ['spəukn]
spent [spent]
swum [swʌm]
taken ['teɪkn]
taught [tɔːt]
told [təuld]
thought [θɔːt]
understood [ˌʌndə'stud]
written ['rɪtən] быть
становиться
начинать(ся)
ломать
приносить
строить
покупать
выбирать
приходить
стоить
делать
пить
везти
есть, кушать
падать
чувствовать (себя)
находить
летать
забывать
получать;
давать
идти; ехать
иметь
слышать
знать
учиться; узнавать
покидать, оставлять
терять
делать, создавать
встречать(ся)
класть, ставить
читать
бежать
сказать; говорить
видеть
продавать
посылать, отправлять
показывать
сидеть
спать
говорить, разговаривать
тратить; проводить (время)
плавать
брать, взять
учить, обучать
сказать, рассказывать
думать
понимать
писать
3. СТРУКТУРА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЙ В PAST SIMPLE
Cтруктура повествовательного предложения
ПСк ДопОб-во
He translated the book last year.
wrote
Структура отрицательного предложения
ПСк ДопОб-во

всп.гл. not смысл. гл.
He did not translate the book last year.
did not write 28003575565
Структура вопросительного предложения
Общий вопрос
Всп.
гл. ПОст/ч СкДопОб-воDid he translate the book last year?
write 61849011239561849034925179451037465
4899660124460
Make the sentences negative and interrogative.
1. Mr Black fixed his car yesterday morning 2. His wife watered plants in the garden. 3. Their children cleaned the yard. 4. In the evening they watched TV. 5. The little girl cried and then smiled. 6. Mrs Black worked in the kitchen. 7. She baked a delicious apple pie. 8. She cooked tomato soup. 9. After dinner she washed the dishes. 10. The children brushed their teeth. 11. Mrs Black talked on the phone. 12. Mr. Black smoked a cigarette. 13. They visited their friends two days ago. 14. They danced a lot there.
503301012700
Структура Специального вопроса
Специальный вопрос
Вопр.
сл. Всп.
гл. ПОст/ч
СкДоп Об-во
What did he translate – last year?
write 1127125102235112712524765217868524130
Вопрос к подлежащему
Вопр.сл. Ск Доп Об-во
Who translated books last year?
wrote 42291042545
Put special questions to the italicized words.
1. She studied English two years ago (3). 2. Last night he washed his face with soap and water (3). 3. Yesterday Tom walked to his office (2). 4. He called his Dad a minute ago (2). 5. Mary liked ice-cream when she was little (1). 6. We enjoyed swimming in the ocean last weekend (2). 7. Frances lived in this house from 2000 to 2004 (3). 8. They stayed at the Flamingo hotel that summer (3). 9. Linda visited the British Museum the day before yesterday (3). 10. Tom turned on the TV to watch cartoons yesterday morning (2). 11. Kate cooked dinner two hours ago (1). 12. Tanya worked hard at her English (2). 13. They listened to classical music at the concert (3). 14. The Browns decided to spend the holidays in the country (1).
EXERCISES
Read the verbs in the Past Simple observing the rule of reading –ed.
packed, translated, watched, clapped, divided, ruled, brushed, cleaned, worked, banned, fixed, decided, finished, worked, cried, shouted, changed, voted, smoked, danced, decided, cooked, completed, managed, enjoyed, listened, waited, baked, rented, dropped, visited, opened, planted, boxed, phoned, played, smiled, watered, prepaired, combed, explained, provided, talked, stayed, started, fried, washed, peeled
2. Open the brackets and put the verbs into the Past Simple.
19431027305A. 1. Mr Smith (to fix) his car on Saturday morning. 2. His wife (to water) the plants in the garden. 3. After lunch they (to clean) the yard and then they (to watch) TV. 4. Their son Alex (to listen) to loud music and (to play) computer games. 5. Their little daughter Lucy (to cry) a little and then (to smile). 6. In the afternoon Mrs Smith (to work) in the kitchen. 7. She (to bake) a delicious apple pie. 8. She (to cook) a good dinner. 9. After dinner she (to wash) the dishes. 11. Her husband (to smoke) a cigarette and (to phone) their friends. 12. Then he (to talk) to his wife. 13. She (to change) her clothes and (to comb) her hair. 14. They (to wait) for a taxi. 16. The taxi (to arrive) at 8 pm. 17. They (to visit) their friends. 18. They (to dance) a lot there. 18. Mr and Mrs Smith (to enjoy) themselves very much.
399478527940B. 1. It (to rain) all day yesterday. 2. Tim (to stay) at home. 3. He (to decide) to work at his English. 4. He (to start) doing his English homework after breakfast. 5. He (to memorize) a long list of irregular verbs, (to translate) an interesting story from English into Russian and (to listen) to English grammar chants. 6. He (to like) the chants very much. 7. Tim (to finish) his homework at 1 o’clock. 8. After lunch he (to play) computer games and (to serf) the Internet. 9. Then he (to phone) his friend Dennis. 10. They (to talk) about their studies and their classmates. 11. They (to exchange) the latest news and (to discuss) some problems. 12. When they (to finish) their telephone conversation Tim’s Mum (to ask) him to help her cook dinner. 13. Tim (to peel) some potatoes and his Mum (to fry) them. 14. She also (to prepare) fresh salmon. 15. Tim and his parents (to enjoy) their dinner. 16. After dinner Tim and his Dad (to watch) a football match.
3. Put the words in the right sequence and make the sentences negative.
/the dishes/she/after supper/washed/ ./started /the train /at 9 pm/ ./a lot /smoked /at the party /they/ ./happened/at 3 o’clock in the morning/in the South China sea/the accident/ ./gathered/in the street/yesterday/a big crowd of people / ./jogged/last morning/in the park/Peter/ ./to her sister/when/ Sue/talked/arrived/she/ ./opened/the new text/they/translated/and/their textbooks/ ./for a visa/she/to France/and/wanted/applied/to go/ ./finished/his bicycle/repairing/yesterday/evening/Rob/ ./accepted/and/I/with pleasure/my friend/the invitation/to the theatre/invited/ .4. Fill in the blanks with the Past Simple of the regular verbs from the list.
listen to, decide, enjoy, talk, cook, start, gather, arrive, pack, fix up, collect, unpack, bake, play, observe, bathe, pick
1333551435Last weekend my friends and I 1) ….. to go camping. We 2) ….. tents, sleeping bags, food and drinks for our camping holiday. We 3) ….. early on Saturday morning. When we 4) ….. at the campsite we 5) ….. the car. After that 3 of us 6) ….. the tents and the others 7) ….. wood for the campfire. After that we 8) ….. in the nearby pine tree wood. The girls 9) ….. flowers and we 10) ….. mushrooms. Then we 11) ….. a delicious mushroom soup and 12) ….. potatoes under the coals. In the evening, Nick 13) ….. the guitar and everybody 14) ….. his songs. We 15) ….. the stars in the black sky and 13) ….. . about space flights. We ….. our camping holiday very much.
5. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple
3537585120650Tommy Brown lives in a small village and works on a farm near his village. Tommy is a real story-teller. But no one believes what he says because he is always telling lies. Here is one of his stories:
“One night last week I 1) ….. (finish) work late. I 2) ….. (decide) to go home. But suddenly I 3) ….. (look) up. and 4) ….. (notice) a UFO with bright flashing lights. I 5) ….. (watch) the UFO for some time. Then it 6) ….. (land) in the field near the farm. A few green men 7) ….. (look) at me from the UFO’s illuminators. I 8) ….. (scream), 9) ….. (drop) my bag and 10) ….. (rush away). When I 11) ….. (arrive) at the village I 12) …..(start) telling the villagers the amazing story but they all 13) ….. (laugh) at me. No one 14) …... (believe) me.”
6. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple.
2286059055Many years ago people 1) ….. (believe) that some women were witches. These women 2) ….. (not/live) in big cities. They 3) ….. (live) in small villages. They 4) ….. (behave) strangely because they 5) ….. (not/act) like other people. They 6) ….. (treat) people with unusual medicine which they 7) ….. (prepare) from plants. They also 8) ….. (travel) on brooms. Do you believe in witches?
7. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.
-508079375A. 1. В какой гостинице она останавливалась прошлым летом? – Она останавливалась в «Метрополе». 2. Когда она сдала экзамен? – Она сдала экзамен вчера. 3. Почему ты не позвонил мне во вторник? – Я работал весь день во вторник. 4. Она посмотрела на меня и улыбнулась. 5. Где ты жила 5 лет назад? – Я жила во Франции. Где ты тогда работала? – Я работала в международной компании. 6. Я посмотрел на доску и переписал новые слова. 7. Тебе понравился фильм? – Да. Что тебе в нем понравилось? – Мне понравился сюжет и музыка. 8. Кто изобрел телефон? – Телефон изобрел Александр Белл. Когда он изобрел телефон? – Он изобрел его в 1876 г. 9. Она навела порядок в комнатах, приготовила обед и вымыла посуду. 10. Ты посмотрела вчера вечером триллер? – Да, но он мне не понравился. 11. Джейн не играла в теннис не прошлой неделе. Она готовилась к экзамену. 12. Они послушали его рассказ и засмеялись.
B. 1. М-р и миссис Смит любили готовить. 2. М-р Смит также мечтал о повышении по службе в своей компании. 3. Они решили, что пора организовать званый ужин. 4. М-р Смит позвонил своему новому боссу, м-ру Пламмеру и пригласил его с супругой на ужин в пятницу вечером. 31857952038355. В пятницу М-р и миссис Смит провели весь день за приготовлением изысканного ужина. 6. Они приготовили лосося, фаршированного креветками с соусом чили. 7. Пламмеры пришли вовремя, в восемь часов вечера. «Пойдемте, выпьем», - сказал мистер Смит. 8. Они все прошли в гостиную. 9. Затем они увидели стол и пришли в ужас. 10. Блюдо было пустым. 11. Лосось бесследно исчез! 12. Миссис Смит расплакалась. М-р Смит выбежал из дома. 13. Он побежал в магазин «Рыба и чипсы» и купил четыре порции рыбы с чипсами.
English for fun
Solomon Grandy
-490855273050
Solomon Grandy born on Monday,
christened on Tuesday,
married on wednesday,
ill on thurthday,
worse on friday,
died on saturday,
burried on sunday
that’s the end of solomon grangy.

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